COLD WAR ORIGINS. U.S vs. U.S.S.R. Democ./Cap vs Comm.

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "COLD WAR ORIGINS. U.S vs. U.S.S.R. Democ./Cap vs Comm."

Transcription

1 COLD WAR ORIGINS U.S vs. U.S.S.R. Democ./Cap vs Comm.

2 Section One: Objectives By the end, I will be able to: 1. Explain the breakdown in relations between the United States and the Soviet Union after World War II 2. Summarize the steps taken to contain Soviet influence 3. Describe how the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan deepened Cold War tensions 4. Explain how conflicts over Germany increased fear of Soviet aggression

3 Section One: Origins of the Cold War Main Idea: The United States and the Soviet Union emerged from World War II as two superpowers with vastly different political and economic systems Key Terms: United Nations Satellite Nation Containment Iron Curtain Cold War Truman Doctrine Why it Matters Now: After WWII, differences between the US and the Soviet Union led to a Cold War that lasted almost to the 21 st Century Key Terms: Marshall Plan Berlin Airlift North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

4 ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR The Cold War would dominate global affairs from 1945 until the breakup of the USSR in 1991 After being Allies during WWII, the U.S. and U.S.S.R. soon viewed each other with increasing suspicion Their political differences created a climate of icy tension that plunged the two countries into an era of bitter rivalry known as the Cold War

5 POLITICAL DIFFERENCES At the heart of the tension was a fundamental difference in political systems America is a democracy that has a capitalist economic system, free elections and competing political parties In the U.S.S.R., the sole political party the Communists established a totalitarian regime with little or no rights for the citizens Comes to a head at the end of WW2 Soviets viewed Marx, Engels and Lenin as founders of Communism

6 SUSPICIONS DEVELOPED DURING THE WAR ISSUES Even during the war, the two nations disagreed The U.S. was furious that Soviet leader Joseph Stalin had been an ally of Hitler for a time Stalin was upset that the U.S. had kept its development of the atomic bomb a secret The US discontinues Lend-Lease to USSR

7 Yalta Conference At the Yalta Conference in February 1945, the leaders of America, England and Russia met. They agreed to split up Germany into four zones, French, English, American, and Russian. Also, to split up Berlin into four zones. All declare support for self-govt and free elections Stalin Promises to hold elections in Eastern Europe (Fails)

8 Potsdam At the Potsdam Conference (near Berlin) in July & August 1945, the leaders of America (Truman), England (Attlee) and the Soviet Union (Stalin) met again. The Atomic Bomb had been successfully tested, and President Truman let Stalin know that the U.S had a new weapon of extraordinary force. Stalin dislikes the secrecy around the Atomic Bomb Finalize division of Germany and Berlin Soviets had rigged elections in Poland to insure communist rule Soviets are seeking to spread totalitarian rule and communism (Bias or Fact)

9 THE UNITED NATIONS PROVIDES HOPE The United Nations today has 191 member countries Hopes for world peace were high at the end of the war The most visible symbol of these hopes was the United Nations (U.N.) Formed in June of 1945, the U.N. was composed of 50 nations Unfortunately, the U.N. soon became a forum for competing superpowers to spread their influence over others

10 CHURCHILL: IRON CURTAIN ACROSS EUROPE Churchill, right, in Fulton, Missouri delivering his iron curtain speech, 1946 Europe was now divided into two political regions; a mostly democratic Western Europe and a communist Eastern Europe In a 1946 speech, Churchill said, An iron curtain has descended across the continent The phrase iron curtain came to stand for the division of Europe

11 Iron Curtain cartoon, 1946

12 SOVIETS DOMINATE EASTERN EUROPE The Soviet Union suffered an estimated 20 million WWII deaths, half of whom were civilian Felt justified in their claim to Eastern Europe Eastern Europe could be a buffer against future German aggression

13 STALIN INSTALLS PUPPET GOVERNMENTS In a 1946 speech, Stalin said communism and capitalism were incompatible and another war was inevitable Stalin installed satellite communist governments in the Eastern European countries of Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, Yugoslavia and East Germany This after promising free elections for Eastern Europe at the Yalta Conference

14

15 U.S. ESTABLISHES A POLICY OF CONTAINMENT Assumption: Soviets seek world domination. Why did we think that? In February 1946, George Kennan, an American diplomat in Moscow, proposed a policy of containment Containment meant the U.S. would assist countries resisting communist rule First tests: Turkey and Greece Failure: Hungary (asked for help, but didn t get it, why?)

16 THE TRUMAN DOCTRINE The American policy of containment soon expanded into a policy known as the Truman Doctrine This doctrine, first used in Greece and Turkey in the late 1940s, vowed to provide aid (money & military supplies) to support free peoples who are resisting outside pressures By 1950, the U.S. had given $400 million in aid to Greece and Turkey So why didn t it work in Hungry?

17 THE MARSHALL PLAN The Marshall Plan helped Western Europe recover economically Post-war Europe was devastated economically, capitalism can not work if infrastructure is broken. In June 1947, Secretary of State George Marshall proposed a U.S. aid package to European nations Western Europe accepted the help, while Eastern Europe rejected the aid. Why wouldn't Eastern Europe want help from the US? Over the next four years 16 European countries received $13 billion in U.S. aid By 1952 Western Europe s economy was flourishing Containment??

18 Marshall Plan aid sent to European countries USSR rejects help: Would have to share info with US Allow US to see how funds were being spent Give some control over economic planning and decision making What is better? Communism Capitalism

19 By providing assistance what is America doing for Europe? What would you title the ground?

20

21 SUPERPOWERS STRUGGLE OVER GERMANY Agreements from Yalta and Potsdam divided Germany and Berlin The U.S, France, and Great Britain decided to combine their 3 zones into one zone West Germany, or the federal Republic of Germany The U.S.S.R. controlled East Germany, or the German Democratic Republic Soviets see US Spheres of influence being created How does the US View its own actions?

22 BERLIN AIRLIFT 1948 When the Soviets attempted to block the three Western powers from access to Berlin in 1948, the 2.1 million residents of West Berlin had only enough food for five weeks, resulting in a dire situation Like the whole of Germany, the city of Berlin was divided into four zones

23

24

25 AMERICA & BRITAIN AIRLIFT SUPPLIES TO WEST BERLIN Not wanting to invade and start a war with the Soviets, America and Britain started the Berlin airlift to fly supplies into West Berlin For 327 days, planes took off and landed every few minutes, around the clock In 277,000 flights, they brought in 2.3 million tons of food, fuel and medicine to the West Berlin

26 SOVIETS LIFT BLOCKADE Realizing they were beaten and suffering a public relations nightmare, the Soviets lifted their blockade in May, 1949 On Christmas 1948, the plane crews brought gifts to West Berlin

27 NATO FORMED The NATO flag The Berlin blockade increased Western Europe s fear of Soviet aggression As a result, ten West European nations joined the U.S and Canada on April 4, 1949 to form a defensive alliance known as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization

28 Warsaw Pact May 1955 Eight communist countries= Bloc Pledged the mutual defense of any member who is attacked Ended in July 1991

29 Section One: Objectives By the end, I will be able to: 1. Explain the breakdown in relations between the United States and the Soviet Union after World War II 2. Summarize the steps taken to contain Soviet influence 3. Describe how the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan deepened Cold War tensions 4. Explain how conflicts over Germany increased fear of Soviet aggression

30 Section 2: The Cold War Heats Up By the end of this lesson, I will be able to: 1. Explain how Communists came to power in China and how the United States reacted. 2. Summarize the events of the Korean War 3. Explain the conflict between President Truman and General MacArthur.

31 Section Two: The Cold War Heats Up Main Idea: After World War II, China became a communist nation and Korea was split into a communist north and a democratic south. Key Terms: Chiang Kai-shek Mao Zedong Taiwan Why it Matters Now: Ongoing tensions with China and North Korea continue to involve the United States. Key Terms: 38 th parallel Korean War

32 SECTION 2: THE COLD WAR HEATS UP CHINA: For two decades, Chinese communists had struggled against the nationalist government of Chiang Kai-Shek The U.S. supported Chiang and gave the Nationalist Party $3 billion in aid during WWII However, Mao Zedong s Communist Party in China was strong, especially among Chinese peasants

33 CHINESE CIVIL WAR: MAO Kai-Shek After Japan left China at the end of the War, Chinese Nationalists and Communists fought a bloody civil war Despite the U.S. sending $ billions to the Nationalists, the Communists under Mao won the war and ruled China Chiang and the Nationalists fled China to neighboring Taiwan Mao established the People s Republic of China

34 AMERICA STUNNED The American public was shocked that China had fallen to the Communists Many believed containment had failed and communism was expanding American fear of communism and communist expansion was increasing

35 KOREAN WAR Soviet controlled U.S. controlled Japan had taken over Korea in 1910 and ruled it until August 1945 As WWII ended, Japanese troops north of the 38 th parallel (38 N Latitude) surrendered to the Soviets Japanese soldiers south of the 38 th surrendered to the Americans As in Germany, two nations developed, one communist (North Korea) and one democratic (South Korea)

36 NORTH KOREA ATTACKS SOUTH KOREA On June 25, 1950, North Korean forces swept across the 38 th parallel in a surprise attack on South Korea With only 500 U.S. troops in South Korea, the Soviets figured the Americans would not fight to save South Korea Instead, America sent troops, planes and ships to South Korea (Total UN forces 520,000 and 90% American) This attack started the Korean War

37 MACARTHUR S COUNTERATTACK At first, North Korea seemed unstoppable However, General MacArthur launched a counterattack with tanks, heavy artillery, and troops Troops landed in the cities on Inchon and Pusan squeezing the NK troops into the middle Many North Koreans surrendered; others retreated across the 38 th parallel

38 CHINA JOINS THE FIGHT US seemed to be near victory in N. Korea 300,000 Chinese soldiers joined the war on the side of the North Koreans Chinese overran the American/S. Korean forces and captured Seoul for the 2 nd time on January 4, 1951 The fight between North and South Korea had turned into a war in which the main opponents were Chinese Communists vs. America Stalemate follows.

39 MACARTHUR RECOMMENDS ATTACKING CHINA To halt the bloody stalemate, General MacArthur wanted to take the war into China MacArthur called for the U.S. to drop atomic bombs on China President Truman rejected the General s requests

40 MACARTHUR VS. TRUMAN MacArthur continued to urge President Truman to attack China and tried to go behind Truman s back Truman was furious with his general On April 1, 1951, Truman made the shocking announcement that he had fired MacArthur Americans were surprised and many still supported their fallen general Macarthur was given a tickertape parade

41 AN ARMISTICE IS SIGNED July 1953, an agreement was signed that ended the war in a stalemate (38th parallel) America s cost: 54,000 lives and $67 billion Difficulty fighting Everyone is Korean Truman desegregates the armed forces during Korean War Korean War Memorial, Washington D.C.

42 Discussion: Turn and Talk 1. What do you suppose were some of the reasons why American troops had trouble fighting this war? 2. In what ways did American troops underestimate their enemies? 3. Do you think we should have aided the South Koreans in this war? 4. Do you blame China for getting involved in the conflict? 5. Were you surprised at the outcome of the war? Why or why not?

the Cold War The Cold War would dominate global affairs from 1945 until the breakup of the USSR in 1991

the Cold War The Cold War would dominate global affairs from 1945 until the breakup of the USSR in 1991 U.S vs. U.S.S.R. ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR After being Allies during WWII, the U.S. and U.S.S.R. soon viewed each other with increasing suspicion Their political differences created a climate of icy tension

More information

4/8/2014. Other Clashes Loss of Trust: The Fate of Eastern European Nations

4/8/2014. Other Clashes Loss of Trust: The Fate of Eastern European Nations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 The Cold War 1945-1960 The war that wasn t really a war at all. The American Presidents Part 1- The Origins Review: The Yalta Conference February 1945 Players: FDR/Churchill/Stalin USSR pledges

More information

The Differences Between the 2 Sides Under Soviet communism, the state controlled all property & economic activity In capitalistic America, private

The Differences Between the 2 Sides Under Soviet communism, the state controlled all property & economic activity In capitalistic America, private Although the US and Soviet Union had been allies in WWII, they emerged as rival superpowers They had very different ambitions for the future These differences created an icy tension that plunged the 2

More information

Cold War Conflicts Chapter 26

Cold War Conflicts Chapter 26 Cold War Conflicts Chapter 26 Former Allies Clash After World War II the US and the Soviets had very different goals for the future. Under Soviet communism the state controlled all property and economic

More information

Introduction to the Cold War

Introduction to the Cold War Introduction to the Cold War What is the Cold War? The Cold War is the conflict that existed between the United States and Soviet Union from 1945 to 1991. It is called cold because the two sides never

More information

TRUMAN BECOMES PRESIDENT Hopes for world peace were high at the end of the war

TRUMAN BECOMES PRESIDENT Hopes for world peace were high at the end of the war Name: Origins of the Cold War Period: FORMER ALLIES CLASH The US and Soviet Union had very different ambitions for the future Soviet Communism v. American Capitalism Joseph Stalin totalitarian, leader

More information

Ch 25-1 The Iron Curtain Falls on Europe

Ch 25-1 The Iron Curtain Falls on Europe Ch 25-1 The Iron Curtain Falls on Europe The Main Idea WWIII??? At the end of World War II, tensions between the Soviet Union and the United States deepened, leading to an era known as the Cold War. Cold

More information

Chapter 17 Lesson 1: Two Superpowers Face Off. Essential Question: Why did tension between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R increase after WWII?

Chapter 17 Lesson 1: Two Superpowers Face Off. Essential Question: Why did tension between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R increase after WWII? Chapter 17 Lesson 1: Two Superpowers Face Off Essential Question: Why did tension between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R increase after WWII? Post WWII Big Three meet in Yalta Divide Germany into 4 zones (U.S.,

More information

The Cold War. Origins - Korean War

The Cold War. Origins - Korean War The Cold War Origins - Korean War What is a Cold War? WW II left two nations of almost equal strength but differing goals Cold War A struggle over political differences carried on by means short of direct

More information

Europe and North America Section 1

Europe and North America Section 1 Europe and North America Section 1 Europe and North America Section 1 Click the icon to play Listen to History audio. Click the icon below to connect to the Interactive Maps. Europe and North America Section

More information

Chapter 28, Section 1: The Cold War Begins. Main Idea: After WWII, distrust between the US & USSR led to the Cold War.

Chapter 28, Section 1: The Cold War Begins. Main Idea: After WWII, distrust between the US & USSR led to the Cold War. Chapter 28, Section 1: The Cold War Begins Main Idea: After WWII, distrust between the US & USSR led to the Cold War. The Cold War [1945-1991]: An Ideological Struggle US & the Western Democracies GOAL

More information

Chapter 25 Cold War America, APUSH Mr. Muller

Chapter 25 Cold War America, APUSH Mr. Muller Chapter 25 Cold War America, 1945-1963 APUSH Mr. Muller Aim: How does the U.S. and U.S.S.R. go from allies to rivals? Do Now: Communism holds that the world is so deeply divided into opposing classes that

More information

America after WWII. The 1946 through the 1950 s

America after WWII. The 1946 through the 1950 s America after WWII The 1946 through the 1950 s The United Nations In 1944 President Roosevelt began to think about what the world would be like after WWII He especially wanted to be sure that there would

More information

Name Period Cold War Germany Divided into zones of occupation; also

Name Period Cold War Germany Divided into zones of occupation; also Name Period Cold War 1945-1989 Germany Divided into zones of occupation; also Japan by U.S. troops Industries re-built with modern Korea into zones of occupation (USSR and US) Boundary is parallel (38

More information

Beginnings of the Cold War

Beginnings of the Cold War Beginnings of the Cold War Chapter 15 Section 1 Problems of Peace At the end of World War II, Germany was in ruins and had no government. Much of Europe was also in ruins. Problems of Peace Occupied Germany

More information

2. The State Department asked the American Embassy in Moscow to explain Soviet behavior.

2. The State Department asked the American Embassy in Moscow to explain Soviet behavior. 1. The Americans become increasingly impatient with the Soviets. 2. The State Department asked the American Embassy in Moscow to explain Soviet behavior. 3. On February 22, 1946, George Kennan an American

More information

The Cold War. Chap. 18, 19

The Cold War. Chap. 18, 19 The Cold War Chap. 18, 19 Cold War 1945-1991 Political and economic conflict between U.S. and USSR Not fought on battlefield U.S. Vs. USSR Democracy- free elections private ownership Free market former

More information

End of WWI and Early Cold War

End of WWI and Early Cold War End of WWI and Early Cold War Why So Scary, Communism? It posed a direct threat to democracy and capitalism Struggle between US and USSR was political but battle between good and evil Democracy A system

More information

Origins of the Cold War

Origins of the Cold War Origins of the Cold War From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an "iron curtain" has descended across the continent. Behind that line lie all the capitals of the ancient states of Central

More information

Divided into 4 zones of occupation; Berlin also divided

Divided into 4 zones of occupation; Berlin also divided Cold War 1945-1989 Germany Divided into 4 zones of occupation; Berlin also divided Japan Occupied by U.S. troops Demilitarized Industries re-built with modern machinery Divided into 2 zones of occupation

More information

THE IRON CURTAIN. From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the continent. - Winston Churchill

THE IRON CURTAIN. From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the continent. - Winston Churchill COLD WAR 1945-1991 1. The Soviet Union drove the Germans back across Eastern Europe. 2. They occupied several countries along it s western border and considered them a necessary buffer or wall of protection

More information

Trace the reasons that the wartime alliance between the United States and the Soviet Union unraveled.

Trace the reasons that the wartime alliance between the United States and the Soviet Union unraveled. Objectives Trace the reasons that the wartime alliance between the United States and the Soviet Union unraveled. Explain how President Truman responded to Soviet domination of Eastern Europe. Describe

More information

The Cold War Part I ( ) US vs. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Democracy vs. Communism Capitalism vs.

The Cold War Part I ( ) US vs. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Democracy vs. Communism Capitalism vs. The Cold War 1945-1990 Part I (1945-1960) US vs. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Democracy vs. Communism Capitalism vs. Socialism Ideas/Questions What was the cold war? Are we still seeing its echoes

More information

Analyze the political cartoon by writing:

Analyze the political cartoon by writing: Bellringer Analyze the political cartoon by writing: 1. Title (make one up of there isn t one): 2. Important Words: 3. Symbols: 4. Action: 5. Message: The Cold War Day 1 Ms. Luco IB Hist Americas Yr 1

More information

Former Allies Diverge

Former Allies Diverge Chapter 17-1 Two Superpowers Face Off Former Allies Diverge The Soviet Union Corrals Eastern Europe United States Counters Soviet Expansion The Cold War and a Divided World Former Allies Diverge Before

More information

Communism. Soviet Union government State (government) controls everything Opposite of democracy and capitalism (USA)

Communism. Soviet Union government State (government) controls everything Opposite of democracy and capitalism (USA) Cold War VS Communism Soviet Union government State (government) controls everything Opposite of democracy and capitalism (USA) United Nations (UN) Started with 50 member countries Created to promote peace

More information

This opposition created a global atmosphere of tension which never developed into direct. There was a warlike relationship between the two nations.

This opposition created a global atmosphere of tension which never developed into direct. There was a warlike relationship between the two nations. AIM: Explain the conflict between the two superpowers that led to the Cold War. Expansion of Communism Stalin agreed to allow free elections in Soviet occupied European countries. He did not fulfill his

More information

DURING WWII THE US AND THE SOVIET UNION HAD JOINED

DURING WWII THE US AND THE SOVIET UNION HAD JOINED DURING WWII THE US AND THE SOVIET UNION HAD JOINED FORCES AGAINST THE GERMANS BUT AFTER THE WAR, THEIR COMPETING POLITICAL PHILOSOPHIES WOULD LEAD TO NEARLY A HALF-CENTURY OF CONFLICT CALLED THE COLD WAR.

More information

THE EARLY COLD WAR YEARS. US HISTORY Chapter 15 Section 2

THE EARLY COLD WAR YEARS. US HISTORY Chapter 15 Section 2 THE EARLY COLD WAR YEARS US HISTORY Chapter 15 Section 2 THE EARLY COLD WAR YEARS CONTAINING COMMUNISM MAIN IDEA The Truman Doctrine offered aid to any nation resisting communism; The Marshal Plan aided

More information

Chapter Two Superpowers Face Off

Chapter Two Superpowers Face Off Chapter 17-1 Two Superpowers Face Off I) Former Allies Diverge II) The Soviet Union Corrals Eastern Europe III) United States Counters Soviet Expansion IV) The Cold War and a Divided World I) Former Allies

More information

Cold War. Unit EQ: How did social, economic, and political events influence the US during the Cold War era?

Cold War. Unit EQ: How did social, economic, and political events influence the US during the Cold War era? Cold War Unit EQ: How did social, economic, and political events influence the US during the Cold War era? Yalta Conference The Yalta Conference was held towards the end of World War II. During this time

More information

Standard 7.0 Demonstrate an understanding of the impact of World War II on the US and the nation s subsequent role in the world.

Standard 7.0 Demonstrate an understanding of the impact of World War II on the US and the nation s subsequent role in the world. Standard 7.0 Demonstrate an understanding of the impact of World War II on the US and the nation s subsequent role in the world. Opening: Finish pages 259-262 in Reading Study Guide and turn them in. Work

More information

PPT: Post WWII Tensions

PPT: Post WWII Tensions PPT: Post WWII Tensions WWII ends Cold War begins USSR collapses Cold War ends 1945 1991 The Cold War: The U.S. and USSR never directly declare war on each other, but fight by other means and through other

More information

Unit 7: The Cold War

Unit 7: The Cold War Unit 7: The Cold War Standard 7-5 Goal: The student will demonstrate an understanding of international developments during the Cold War era. Vocabulary 7-5.1 OCCUPIED 7-5.2 UNITED NATIONS NORTH ATLANTIC

More information

The Americans (Survey)

The Americans (Survey) The Americans (Survey) Chapter 26: TELESCOPING THE TIMES Cold War Conflicts CHAPTER OVERVIEW After World War II, tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union lead to a war without direct military

More information

Name Class Date. The Cold War Begins Section 1

Name Class Date. The Cold War Begins Section 1 Name Class Date Section 1 MAIN IDEA At the end of World War II, tensions between the Soviet Union and the United States deepened, leading to an era known as the Cold War. Key Terms and People Cold War

More information

Today we will identify and examine the legislation, policies and events that begin the rivalry known as the Cold War

Today we will identify and examine the legislation, policies and events that begin the rivalry known as the Cold War Today we will identify and examine the legislation, policies and events that begin the rivalry known as the Cold War Thought for the day: Courage is what it takes to stand up and speak; courage is also

More information

Restructuring the Postwar World, 1945 Present

Restructuring the Postwar World, 1945 Present Restructuring the Postwar World, 1945 Present Map Activity Define the following on a separate sheet of paper: Cold War, Brinkmanship, Détente, Containment, Communism, Capitalism, Democracy, Command Economy,

More information

What Challenges Did President Truman Face at Home in the Postwar Years?

What Challenges Did President Truman Face at Home in the Postwar Years? What Challenges Did President Truman Face at Home in the Postwar Years? LESSON 2 SECTION 29.2 Text pp. 527 531 Read What Challenges Did President Truman Face at Home in the Postwar Years? (pp. 527-531).

More information

The Nazi Retreat from the East

The Nazi Retreat from the East The Cold War Begins A Quick Review In 1917, there was a REVOLUTION in Russia And the Russian Tsar was overthrown and executed by communist revolutionaries led by Vladimir Lenin And NEW NATION The Union

More information

The Cold War

The Cold War The Cold War 1945-1989 What is the Cold War It was an intense rivalry between the United States and Russia between West and East and between capitalism and communism that dominated the years following

More information

Yugoslavia 1.7 million France 600,000 U.S. 500,000 Czechoslovakia 415,000 Britain 400,000

Yugoslavia 1.7 million France 600,000 U.S. 500,000 Czechoslovakia 415,000 Britain 400,000 U.S.S.R. 21 million China 10 million Poland 6 million Yugoslavia 1.7 million France 600,000 U.S. 500,000 Czechoslovakia 415,000 Britain 400,000 Germany Japan 4.2 Million 2.4 Million Romania 460,000 Italy

More information

The Cold War TOWARD A GLOBAL COMMUNITY (1900 PRESENT)

The Cold War TOWARD A GLOBAL COMMUNITY (1900 PRESENT) The Cold War TOWARD A GLOBAL COMMUNITY (1900 PRESENT) Throughout WWII the U.S. and the Soviet Union began to view each other with increasing suspicion. He s a commie, and once made an alliance with Hitler...

More information

APUSH REVIEWED! THE COLD WAR BEGINS POST WW2, TRUMAN ADMINISTRATION

APUSH REVIEWED! THE COLD WAR BEGINS POST WW2, TRUMAN ADMINISTRATION APUSH 1945-1952 POST WW2, TRUMAN ADMINISTRATION THE COLD WAR BEGINS REVIEWED! American Pageant (Kennedy) Chapter 36 American History (Brinkley) Chapter 27 America s History (Henretta) Chapter 25-26 Fear

More information

THE COLD WAR Learning Goal 1:

THE COLD WAR Learning Goal 1: THE COLD WAR Learning Goal 1: Describe the causes and effects of the Cold War and explain how the Korean War, Vietnam War and the arms race were associated with the Cold War. RESULTS OF WWII RESULTS VE

More information

Chapter 18: Cold War Conflicts

Chapter 18: Cold War Conflicts Chapter 18: Cold War Conflicts Section 1: Origins of the Cold War United Nations Satellite Nation Containment Iron Curtain Cold War Truman Doctrine Marshall Plan Berlin Airlift North Atlantic Treaty Organization

More information

THE COLD WAR Part One Teachers Notes by Paul Latham

THE COLD WAR Part One Teachers Notes by Paul Latham THE COLD WAR Part One Teachers Notes by Paul Latham Notes also available on DVD disc as either a Word document or PDF file. Also available on the website. 1 2 The Cold War (Part 1) Teachers Notes ORIGINS

More information

Cold War ( conflict, with no fighting, between USA/Democracy and Soviet Union/Russia/ Communism

Cold War ( conflict, with no fighting, between USA/Democracy and Soviet Union/Russia/ Communism Cold War (1945-1991- conflict, with no fighting, between USA/Democracy and Soviet Union/Russia/ Communism 1) Define the Cold War and identify one reasons why the two nations mistrusted each other. 2) Analyze

More information

Write 3 words you think of when you hear Cold War? THE COLD WAR ( )

Write 3 words you think of when you hear Cold War? THE COLD WAR ( ) THE Write 3 words you think of when you hear Cold War? COLD WAR (1948-1989) ORIGINS of the Cold War: (1945-1948) Tension or rivalry but NO FIGHTING between the United States and the Soviet Union This rivalry

More information

The Cold War Begins: CHAPTER 39

The Cold War Begins: CHAPTER 39 The Cold War Begins: 1946-1953 CHAPTER 39 OBJECTIVES Describe the economic transformation of the immediate post-wwii era. Explain the changes in the American population structure brought about the baby

More information

Early Cold War

Early Cold War Early Cold War 1945-1972 Capitalism vs. Communism Capitalism Communism Free-Market Economy Upper, Middle and Working Class North Atlantic Treaty Organization Government Controlled Economy Classless Society

More information

WINNING the WAR / PLANNING the PEACE The Allies: US, England, USSR, and China Feb 1945 Yalta Conference: US-USSR-England GERMANY must agree to

WINNING the WAR / PLANNING the PEACE The Allies: US, England, USSR, and China Feb 1945 Yalta Conference: US-USSR-England GERMANY must agree to WINNING the WAR / PLANNING the PEACE The Allies: US, England, USSR, and China Feb 1945 Yalta Conference: US-USSR-England GERMANY must agree to UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER Germany will be divided into 4 parts

More information

4/8/2015. April nations met. US and USSR on same side in WW II. Cold War Feb FDR, Churchill, Stalin Postwar issues

4/8/2015. April nations met. US and USSR on same side in WW II. Cold War Feb FDR, Churchill, Stalin Postwar issues Chapter 26 US and USSR on same side in WW II Not by choice Common enemy Cold War 1946 1991 Feb. 1945 FDR, Churchill, Stalin Postwar issues divide Germany free elections April 1945 50 nations met UN Charter

More information

BACKGROUND: why did the USA and USSR start to mistrust each other? What was the Soviet View? What was the Western view? What is a Cold War?

BACKGROUND: why did the USA and USSR start to mistrust each other? What was the Soviet View? What was the Western view? What is a Cold War? BACKGROUND: why did the USA and USSR start to mistrust each other? The 2 sides were enemies long before they were allies in WWII. Relations had been bad since 1917 as Russia had become communist and the

More information

Results of World War II Crossword

Results of World War II Crossword Name Date Period Chapter 27 Results of World War II Crossword Workbook 107 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Across 1) country that became a superpower after World War II 3) these people were killed

More information

THE COLD WAR ( )

THE COLD WAR ( ) THE COLD WAR (1948-1989) ORIGINS of the Cold War: (1945-1948) Tension or rivalry but NO FIGHTING between the United States and the Soviet Union This rivalry divided the world into two teams (capitalism

More information

Main Idea. After WWII, China became a Communist nation and Korea was split into a communist north and democratic south.

Main Idea. After WWII, China became a Communist nation and Korea was split into a communist north and democratic south. Objectives 1. Explain how Communists came to power in China and how the United States reacted. 2. Summarize the events of the Korean War. 3. Explain the conflict between President Truman and General MacArthur.

More information

Chapter 18 - Cold War Conflicts

Chapter 18 - Cold War Conflicts The Americans: Reconstruction to the 21 st Century Chapter 18 Chapter 18 - Cold War Conflicts Main Idea: The Cold War and the danger of nuclear war define international affairs, especially after the Korean

More information

The Cold War Begins. After WWII

The Cold War Begins. After WWII The Cold War Begins After WWII After WWII the US and the USSR emerged as the world s two. Although allies during WWII distrust between the communist USSR and the democratic US led to the. Cold War tension

More information

Journal # 11 04/30/15 Objective: Students will utilize various

Journal # 11 04/30/15 Objective: Students will utilize various Journal # 11 04/30/15 Objective: Students will utilize various resources to identify, compare/contrast, and evaluate the origins, development and effects of the Cold War. Agenda: Journal Cold War PPT Guided

More information

The end of WWII caused major changes:

The end of WWII caused major changes: The Cold War The end of WWII caused major changes: 1. Europe is no longer the world s dominant power The USA and the USSR have become superpowers. 2. The world has entered...the nuclear age Tension was

More information

Chapter 15 Section 1 Notes: Beginnings of the Cold War

Chapter 15 Section 1 Notes: Beginnings of the Cold War Name: Chapter 15 Section 1 Notes: Beginnings of the Cold War Problems of Peace At the end of World War II, government Much of was also in ruins was in ruins and had no At the, the Allies (Great Britain,

More information

The Dawn of the Cold War, The Dawn of the Cold War,

The Dawn of the Cold War, The Dawn of the Cold War, The Dawn of the Cold War, 1945-1953 Topics of Consideration 1. Roots of the Cold War 2. Containment and the Truman Doctrine 3. The Marshall Plan 4. The Berlin Blockade and NATO 5. Tools of Containment

More information

Origins of the Cold War. A Chilly Power Point Presentation Brought to You by Ms. Shen

Origins of the Cold War. A Chilly Power Point Presentation Brought to You by Ms. Shen Origins of the Cold War A Chilly Power Point Presentation Brought to You by Ms. Shen What was the Cold War? The Cold War was a 40+ year long conflict between the U.S. and the Soviet Union that started

More information

The Origins of Cold War. Chapter 26 Section 1

The Origins of Cold War. Chapter 26 Section 1 The Origins of Cold War Chapter 26 Section 1 Warm-Up 4/23/2018 What was the Cold War? I. Former Allies Now Opponents: A. U.S. 1. Political system: Republic - Government by the people a. Vote for leaders

More information

The Cold War Abroad and at Home, Chapter AP US History

The Cold War Abroad and at Home, Chapter AP US History + The Cold War Abroad and at Home, 1945-1960 Chapter 37-38 AP US History + Goal Statement After studying this chapter students should be able to: Explain how the policies of both the United States and

More information

The Hot Days of the Cold War

The Hot Days of the Cold War The Hot Days of the Cold War Brian Frydenborg History 321, Soviet Russia 3/18/02 On my honor, I have neither given nor received any unacknowledged aid on this paper. The origins of the cold war up to 1953

More information

Origins of the Cold War

Origins of the Cold War Origins of the Cold War A Difference In Opinion 1945 was the beginning of a long period of distrust & misunderstanding between the Soviet Union and its former allies in the West (particularly the US) Soviet

More information

Cold War A period of time in which the U.S. & USSR experienced high tension and bitter rivalry

Cold War A period of time in which the U.S. & USSR experienced high tension and bitter rivalry 1 2 3 4 Cold War America 1945-1960 Truman & The Cold War 1945-1953 Cold War 1945-1991 A period of time in which the U.S. & USSR experienced high tension and bitter rivalry Roots of the Cold War Philosophical

More information

Origins of the Cold War. A Chilly Power Point Presentation Brought to You by Mr. Raffel

Origins of the Cold War. A Chilly Power Point Presentation Brought to You by Mr. Raffel Origins of the Cold War A Chilly Power Point Presentation Brought to You by Mr. Raffel What was the Cold War? The Cold War was the bitter state of indirect conflict that existed between the U.S. and the

More information

World History (Survey) Restructuring the Postwar World, 1945 Present

World History (Survey) Restructuring the Postwar World, 1945 Present World History (Survey) Chapter 33: Restructuring the Postwar World, 1945 Present Section 1: Two Superpowers Face Off The United States and the Soviet Union were allies during World War II. In February

More information

The Roots of the Cold War

The Roots of the Cold War STAAR Review 10 The Cold War Although the U.S.A. and the Soviet Union were allies during World War II, these two Superpowers soon became rivals during the Cold War. It was called a Cold War because they

More information

The Legacies of WWII

The Legacies of WWII The Cold War The Legacies of WWII WWI might have been the war to end all wars but it was WWII that shifted the psyche of humanity. The costs of total war were simply too high 55 million dead worldwide

More information

Origins of the Cold War

Origins of the Cold War The Cold War The free peoples of the world look to us for support in maintaining their freedoms. If we falter in our leadership, we may endanger the peace of the world. Harry S. Truman, March 12 th, 1947

More information

Alan Brinkley, AMERICAN HISTORY 13/e. Chapter Twenty-seven: The Cold War

Alan Brinkley, AMERICAN HISTORY 13/e. Chapter Twenty-seven: The Cold War Alan Brinkley, AMERICAN HISTORY 13/e Origins of the Cold War Sources of Soviet-American Tension America s Postwar Vision Spheres of Influence Satellite Nations Eastern Europe 2 Origins of the Cold War

More information

Cold War Conflicts NEXT

Cold War Conflicts NEXT Cold War Conflicts The Cold War and the danger of nuclear war define international affairs, especially after the Korean War. Fear of communism in the U.S. leads to accusations against innocent citizens.

More information

VS. THE COLD WAR BEGINS

VS. THE COLD WAR BEGINS VS. THE COLD WAR BEGINS 1945-1960 GEORGIA STANDARDS SSUSH20 The student will analyze the domestic and international impact of the Cold War on the United States. a. Describe the creation of the Marshall

More information

LESSON OBJECTIVE. 1.) ANALYZE the effectiveness & morality of the British Royal Air Force bombing of German civilians

LESSON OBJECTIVE. 1.) ANALYZE the effectiveness & morality of the British Royal Air Force bombing of German civilians NAME: BLOCK: - CENTRAL HISTORICAL QUESTION - THE ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR: WHO IS PRIMARILY RESPONSIBLE FOR STARTING THE COLD WAR: THE U.S. OR S.U.? Pictured: Then-former British Prime Minster Winston Churchill

More information

The Cold War ( )

The Cold War ( ) America: Pathways to the Present Chapter 26 The Cold War (1945 1960) Copyright 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey. All rights reserved. America:

More information

2014 Brain Wrinkles. Origins and Consequences

2014 Brain Wrinkles. Origins and Consequences Origins and Consequences Standards SS5H7 The student will discuss the origins and consequences of the Cold War. a. Explain the origin and meaning of the term Iron Curtain. b. Explain how the United States

More information

The Dawn of the Cold War, The Dawn of the Cold War,

The Dawn of the Cold War, The Dawn of the Cold War, The Dawn of the Cold War, 1945-1954 Topics of Consideration 1. Roots of the Cold War 2. Containment and the Truman Doctrine 3. The Marshall Plan 4. The Berlin Blockade and NATO 5. Tools of Containment

More information

Topic 5: The Cold War (Compiled from 10 Topic and 6 Topic Format) Revised 2014

Topic 5: The Cold War (Compiled from 10 Topic and 6 Topic Format) Revised 2014 Topic 5: The Cold War (Compiled from 10 Topic and 6 Topic Format) Revised 2014 [Since 1998, the pattern is: two subject specific questions, two questions allowing a choice of examples, and one question

More information

Origins of the Cold War. A Chilly Power Point Presentation Brought to You by Ms. Shen

Origins of the Cold War. A Chilly Power Point Presentation Brought to You by Ms. Shen Origins of the Cold War A Chilly Power Point Presentation Brought to You by Ms. Shen What was the Cold War? The Cold War was a 40+ year long conflict between the U.S. and the Soviet Union that started

More information

Communism. Communism is a form of economy. Everyone gets the same resources. Gov t owns the means of production -so no individuals own the businesses

Communism. Communism is a form of economy. Everyone gets the same resources. Gov t owns the means of production -so no individuals own the businesses The Cold War Communism Communism is a form of economy Everyone gets the same resources Gov t owns the means of production -so no individuals own the businesses Idea of Communism Gov t will work in the

More information

EOC Test Preparation: The Cold War Era

EOC Test Preparation: The Cold War Era EOC Test Preparation: The Cold War Era Conflict in Europe Following WWII, tensions were running high between western Allies and USSR US and Great Britain: Allies should not occupy territories they conquered

More information

Origins of the Cold War

Origins of the Cold War Origins of the Cold War The United States and the Soviet Union emerged from World War II as two superpowers with vastly different political and economic systems. WHY IT MATTERS NOW After World War II,

More information

WORLD HISTORY WORLD WAR II

WORLD HISTORY WORLD WAR II WORLD HISTORY WORLD WAR II BOARD QUESTIONS 1) WHO WAS THE LEADER OF GERMANY IN THE 1930 S? 2) WHO WAS THE LEADER OF THE SOVIET UNION DURING WWII? 3) LIST THE FIRST THREE STEPS OF HITLER S PLAN TO DOMINATE

More information

Cold War: Superpowers Face Off

Cold War: Superpowers Face Off Cold War: Superpowers Face Off ALLIES BECOME ENEMIES What caused the Cold War? The United States and the Soviet Union were allies during World War II. In February 1945, they agreed to divide Germany into

More information

ALLIES BECOME ENEMIES

ALLIES BECOME ENEMIES Cold War: Super Powers Face Off ALLIES BECOME ENEMIES What caused the Cold War? The United States and the Soviet Union were allies during World War II. In February 1945, they agreed to divide Germany into

More information

Topic 5: The Cold War (Compiled from 10 Topic and 6 Topic Format) Revised 2012

Topic 5: The Cold War (Compiled from 10 Topic and 6 Topic Format) Revised 2012 Topic 5: The Cold War (Compiled from 10 Topic and 6 Topic Format) Revised 2012 [Since 1998, the pattern is: two subject specific questions, two questions allowing a choice of examples, and one question

More information

The Cold War An overview

The Cold War An overview The Cold War An overview 1945-1960 I m takin you down, Freedom!! You and all your Western Friends! Neeeiiigggghhhh!! We re going to stamp you out, you and all your Commie cronies! What is the Cold War?

More information

Unit 6 World War II & Aftermath

Unit 6 World War II & Aftermath Unit 6 World War II & Aftermath Following WWI and the Gr. Depr US wanted to stay out of world affairs Needed to rebuild economy Pursued policies of: isolationism neutrality Neutrality Taking no side in

More information

World War II convinced U.S. leaders that the policies of isolationism and appeasement had been mistakes. To counter the growing Soviet threat, they

World War II convinced U.S. leaders that the policies of isolationism and appeasement had been mistakes. To counter the growing Soviet threat, they World War II convinced U.S. leaders that the policies of isolationism and appeasement had been mistakes. To counter the growing Soviet threat, they sought new ways to keep the U.S. safe and protect its

More information

Chapter 36: The Cold War Begins,

Chapter 36: The Cold War Begins, APUSH CH 36 Lecture Name: Hour: Chapter 36: The Cold War Begins, 1945-1952 I. Post-World War II Era A. Post-war Economy 1. Cutbacks in the production of war supplies caused layoffs and high unemployment

More information

Wartime Conferences T H E E A R L Y C O L D W A R

Wartime Conferences T H E E A R L Y C O L D W A R Wartime Conferences T H E E A R L Y C O L D W A R Wartime Conferences Allies anxious to avoid mistakes of Versailles Treaty Did not want peace settlement s of WWII to cause another war Allied leaders had

More information

1303. Winston Churchill Prime minister of Great Britain during World War II.

1303. Winston Churchill Prime minister of Great Britain during World War II. 1301. D-Day June 6, 1944 - Led by Eisenhower, over a million troops (the largest invasion force in history) stormed the beaches at Normandy and began the process of re-taking France. The turning point

More information

Modern World History Spring Final Exam 09

Modern World History Spring Final Exam 09 1. What was the goal of the Marshall Plan? A. to provide aid to European countries damaged by World War II B. to protect member nations against Soviet Union aggression C. to protect the United States economically

More information

D-Day Gives the Allies a Foothold in Europe

D-Day Gives the Allies a Foothold in Europe D-Day Gives the Allies a Foothold in Europe On June 6, 1944, Allied forces under U.S. general Dwight D. Eisenhower landed on the Normandy beaches in history s greatest naval invasion: D-Day. Within three

More information

Origins of the Cold War

Origins of the Cold War CHAPTER GUIDED READING Origins of the Cold War A. As you read this section, complete the cause-and-effect diagram with the specific U.S. actions made in response to the Soviet actions listed. Use the following

More information