COLD WAR ORIGINS. U.S vs. U.S.S.R. Democ./Cap vs Comm.

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "COLD WAR ORIGINS. U.S vs. U.S.S.R. Democ./Cap vs Comm."

Transcription

1 COLD WAR ORIGINS U.S vs. U.S.S.R. Democ./Cap vs Comm.

2 Section One: Objectives By the end, I will be able to: 1. Explain the breakdown in relations between the United States and the Soviet Union after World War II 2. Summarize the steps taken to contain Soviet influence 3. Describe how the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan deepened Cold War tensions 4. Explain how conflicts over Germany increased fear of Soviet aggression

3 Section One: Origins of the Cold War Main Idea: The United States and the Soviet Union emerged from World War II as two superpowers with vastly different political and economic systems Key Terms: United Nations Satellite Nation Containment Iron Curtain Cold War Truman Doctrine Why it Matters Now: After WWII, differences between the US and the Soviet Union led to a Cold War that lasted almost to the 21 st Century Key Terms: Marshall Plan Berlin Airlift North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

4 ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR The Cold War would dominate global affairs from 1945 until the breakup of the USSR in 1991 After being Allies during WWII, the U.S. and U.S.S.R. soon viewed each other with increasing suspicion Their political differences created a climate of icy tension that plunged the two countries into an era of bitter rivalry known as the Cold War

5 POLITICAL DIFFERENCES At the heart of the tension was a fundamental difference in political systems America is a democracy that has a capitalist economic system, free elections and competing political parties In the U.S.S.R., the sole political party the Communists established a totalitarian regime with little or no rights for the citizens Comes to a head at the end of WW2 Soviets viewed Marx, Engels and Lenin as founders of Communism

6 SUSPICIONS DEVELOPED DURING THE WAR ISSUES Even during the war, the two nations disagreed The U.S. was furious that Soviet leader Joseph Stalin had been an ally of Hitler for a time Stalin was upset that the U.S. had kept its development of the atomic bomb a secret The US discontinues Lend-Lease to USSR

7 Yalta Conference At the Yalta Conference in February 1945, the leaders of America, England and Russia met. They agreed to split up Germany into four zones, French, English, American, and Russian. Also, to split up Berlin into four zones. All declare support for self-govt and free elections Stalin Promises to hold elections in Eastern Europe (Fails)

8 Potsdam At the Potsdam Conference (near Berlin) in July & August 1945, the leaders of America (Truman), England (Attlee) and the Soviet Union (Stalin) met again. The Atomic Bomb had been successfully tested, and President Truman let Stalin know that the U.S had a new weapon of extraordinary force. Stalin dislikes the secrecy around the Atomic Bomb Finalize division of Germany and Berlin Soviets had rigged elections in Poland to insure communist rule Soviets are seeking to spread totalitarian rule and communism (Bias or Fact)

9 THE UNITED NATIONS PROVIDES HOPE The United Nations today has 191 member countries Hopes for world peace were high at the end of the war The most visible symbol of these hopes was the United Nations (U.N.) Formed in June of 1945, the U.N. was composed of 50 nations Unfortunately, the U.N. soon became a forum for competing superpowers to spread their influence over others

10 CHURCHILL: IRON CURTAIN ACROSS EUROPE Churchill, right, in Fulton, Missouri delivering his iron curtain speech, 1946 Europe was now divided into two political regions; a mostly democratic Western Europe and a communist Eastern Europe In a 1946 speech, Churchill said, An iron curtain has descended across the continent The phrase iron curtain came to stand for the division of Europe

11 Iron Curtain cartoon, 1946

12 SOVIETS DOMINATE EASTERN EUROPE The Soviet Union suffered an estimated 20 million WWII deaths, half of whom were civilian Felt justified in their claim to Eastern Europe Eastern Europe could be a buffer against future German aggression

13 STALIN INSTALLS PUPPET GOVERNMENTS In a 1946 speech, Stalin said communism and capitalism were incompatible and another war was inevitable Stalin installed satellite communist governments in the Eastern European countries of Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, Yugoslavia and East Germany This after promising free elections for Eastern Europe at the Yalta Conference

14

15 U.S. ESTABLISHES A POLICY OF CONTAINMENT Assumption: Soviets seek world domination. Why did we think that? In February 1946, George Kennan, an American diplomat in Moscow, proposed a policy of containment Containment meant the U.S. would assist countries resisting communist rule First tests: Turkey and Greece Failure: Hungary (asked for help, but didn t get it, why?)

16 THE TRUMAN DOCTRINE The American policy of containment soon expanded into a policy known as the Truman Doctrine This doctrine, first used in Greece and Turkey in the late 1940s, vowed to provide aid (money & military supplies) to support free peoples who are resisting outside pressures By 1950, the U.S. had given $400 million in aid to Greece and Turkey So why didn t it work in Hungry?

17 THE MARSHALL PLAN The Marshall Plan helped Western Europe recover economically Post-war Europe was devastated economically, capitalism can not work if infrastructure is broken. In June 1947, Secretary of State George Marshall proposed a U.S. aid package to European nations Western Europe accepted the help, while Eastern Europe rejected the aid. Why wouldn't Eastern Europe want help from the US? Over the next four years 16 European countries received $13 billion in U.S. aid By 1952 Western Europe s economy was flourishing Containment??

18 Marshall Plan aid sent to European countries USSR rejects help: Would have to share info with US Allow US to see how funds were being spent Give some control over economic planning and decision making What is better? Communism Capitalism

19 By providing assistance what is America doing for Europe? What would you title the ground?

20

21 SUPERPOWERS STRUGGLE OVER GERMANY Agreements from Yalta and Potsdam divided Germany and Berlin The U.S, France, and Great Britain decided to combine their 3 zones into one zone West Germany, or the federal Republic of Germany The U.S.S.R. controlled East Germany, or the German Democratic Republic Soviets see US Spheres of influence being created How does the US View its own actions?

22 BERLIN AIRLIFT 1948 When the Soviets attempted to block the three Western powers from access to Berlin in 1948, the 2.1 million residents of West Berlin had only enough food for five weeks, resulting in a dire situation Like the whole of Germany, the city of Berlin was divided into four zones

23

24

25 AMERICA & BRITAIN AIRLIFT SUPPLIES TO WEST BERLIN Not wanting to invade and start a war with the Soviets, America and Britain started the Berlin airlift to fly supplies into West Berlin For 327 days, planes took off and landed every few minutes, around the clock In 277,000 flights, they brought in 2.3 million tons of food, fuel and medicine to the West Berlin

26 SOVIETS LIFT BLOCKADE Realizing they were beaten and suffering a public relations nightmare, the Soviets lifted their blockade in May, 1949 On Christmas 1948, the plane crews brought gifts to West Berlin

27 NATO FORMED The NATO flag The Berlin blockade increased Western Europe s fear of Soviet aggression As a result, ten West European nations joined the U.S and Canada on April 4, 1949 to form a defensive alliance known as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization

28 Warsaw Pact May 1955 Eight communist countries= Bloc Pledged the mutual defense of any member who is attacked Ended in July 1991

29 Section One: Objectives By the end, I will be able to: 1. Explain the breakdown in relations between the United States and the Soviet Union after World War II 2. Summarize the steps taken to contain Soviet influence 3. Describe how the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan deepened Cold War tensions 4. Explain how conflicts over Germany increased fear of Soviet aggression

30 Section 2: The Cold War Heats Up By the end of this lesson, I will be able to: 1. Explain how Communists came to power in China and how the United States reacted. 2. Summarize the events of the Korean War 3. Explain the conflict between President Truman and General MacArthur.

31 Section Two: The Cold War Heats Up Main Idea: After World War II, China became a communist nation and Korea was split into a communist north and a democratic south. Key Terms: Chiang Kai-shek Mao Zedong Taiwan Why it Matters Now: Ongoing tensions with China and North Korea continue to involve the United States. Key Terms: 38 th parallel Korean War

32 SECTION 2: THE COLD WAR HEATS UP CHINA: For two decades, Chinese communists had struggled against the nationalist government of Chiang Kai-Shek The U.S. supported Chiang and gave the Nationalist Party $3 billion in aid during WWII However, Mao Zedong s Communist Party in China was strong, especially among Chinese peasants

33 CHINESE CIVIL WAR: MAO Kai-Shek After Japan left China at the end of the War, Chinese Nationalists and Communists fought a bloody civil war Despite the U.S. sending $ billions to the Nationalists, the Communists under Mao won the war and ruled China Chiang and the Nationalists fled China to neighboring Taiwan Mao established the People s Republic of China

34 AMERICA STUNNED The American public was shocked that China had fallen to the Communists Many believed containment had failed and communism was expanding American fear of communism and communist expansion was increasing

35 KOREAN WAR Soviet controlled U.S. controlled Japan had taken over Korea in 1910 and ruled it until August 1945 As WWII ended, Japanese troops north of the 38 th parallel (38 N Latitude) surrendered to the Soviets Japanese soldiers south of the 38 th surrendered to the Americans As in Germany, two nations developed, one communist (North Korea) and one democratic (South Korea)

36 NORTH KOREA ATTACKS SOUTH KOREA On June 25, 1950, North Korean forces swept across the 38 th parallel in a surprise attack on South Korea With only 500 U.S. troops in South Korea, the Soviets figured the Americans would not fight to save South Korea Instead, America sent troops, planes and ships to South Korea (Total UN forces 520,000 and 90% American) This attack started the Korean War

37 MACARTHUR S COUNTERATTACK At first, North Korea seemed unstoppable However, General MacArthur launched a counterattack with tanks, heavy artillery, and troops Troops landed in the cities on Inchon and Pusan squeezing the NK troops into the middle Many North Koreans surrendered; others retreated across the 38 th parallel

38 CHINA JOINS THE FIGHT US seemed to be near victory in N. Korea 300,000 Chinese soldiers joined the war on the side of the North Koreans Chinese overran the American/S. Korean forces and captured Seoul for the 2 nd time on January 4, 1951 The fight between North and South Korea had turned into a war in which the main opponents were Chinese Communists vs. America Stalemate follows.

39 MACARTHUR RECOMMENDS ATTACKING CHINA To halt the bloody stalemate, General MacArthur wanted to take the war into China MacArthur called for the U.S. to drop atomic bombs on China President Truman rejected the General s requests

40 MACARTHUR VS. TRUMAN MacArthur continued to urge President Truman to attack China and tried to go behind Truman s back Truman was furious with his general On April 1, 1951, Truman made the shocking announcement that he had fired MacArthur Americans were surprised and many still supported their fallen general Macarthur was given a tickertape parade

41 AN ARMISTICE IS SIGNED July 1953, an agreement was signed that ended the war in a stalemate (38th parallel) America s cost: 54,000 lives and $67 billion Difficulty fighting Everyone is Korean Truman desegregates the armed forces during Korean War Korean War Memorial, Washington D.C.

42 Discussion: Turn and Talk 1. What do you suppose were some of the reasons why American troops had trouble fighting this war? 2. In what ways did American troops underestimate their enemies? 3. Do you think we should have aided the South Koreans in this war? 4. Do you blame China for getting involved in the conflict? 5. Were you surprised at the outcome of the war? Why or why not?

the Cold War The Cold War would dominate global affairs from 1945 until the breakup of the USSR in 1991

the Cold War The Cold War would dominate global affairs from 1945 until the breakup of the USSR in 1991 U.S vs. U.S.S.R. ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR After being Allies during WWII, the U.S. and U.S.S.R. soon viewed each other with increasing suspicion Their political differences created a climate of icy tension

More information

Cold War Conflicts Chapter 26

Cold War Conflicts Chapter 26 Cold War Conflicts Chapter 26 Former Allies Clash After World War II the US and the Soviets had very different goals for the future. Under Soviet communism the state controlled all property and economic

More information

Ch 25-1 The Iron Curtain Falls on Europe

Ch 25-1 The Iron Curtain Falls on Europe Ch 25-1 The Iron Curtain Falls on Europe The Main Idea WWIII??? At the end of World War II, tensions between the Soviet Union and the United States deepened, leading to an era known as the Cold War. Cold

More information

Introduction to the Cold War

Introduction to the Cold War Introduction to the Cold War What is the Cold War? The Cold War is the conflict that existed between the United States and Soviet Union from 1945 to 1991. It is called cold because the two sides never

More information

The Cold War. Origins - Korean War

The Cold War. Origins - Korean War The Cold War Origins - Korean War What is a Cold War? WW II left two nations of almost equal strength but differing goals Cold War A struggle over political differences carried on by means short of direct

More information

Trace the reasons that the wartime alliance between the United States and the Soviet Union unraveled.

Trace the reasons that the wartime alliance between the United States and the Soviet Union unraveled. Objectives Trace the reasons that the wartime alliance between the United States and the Soviet Union unraveled. Explain how President Truman responded to Soviet domination of Eastern Europe. Describe

More information

Divided into 4 zones of occupation; Berlin also divided

Divided into 4 zones of occupation; Berlin also divided Cold War 1945-1989 Germany Divided into 4 zones of occupation; Berlin also divided Japan Occupied by U.S. troops Demilitarized Industries re-built with modern machinery Divided into 2 zones of occupation

More information

Communism. Soviet Union government State (government) controls everything Opposite of democracy and capitalism (USA)

Communism. Soviet Union government State (government) controls everything Opposite of democracy and capitalism (USA) Cold War VS Communism Soviet Union government State (government) controls everything Opposite of democracy and capitalism (USA) United Nations (UN) Started with 50 member countries Created to promote peace

More information

The Cold War Part I ( ) US vs. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Democracy vs. Communism Capitalism vs.

The Cold War Part I ( ) US vs. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Democracy vs. Communism Capitalism vs. The Cold War 1945-1990 Part I (1945-1960) US vs. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Democracy vs. Communism Capitalism vs. Socialism Ideas/Questions What was the cold war? Are we still seeing its echoes

More information

Chapter 18: Cold War Conflicts

Chapter 18: Cold War Conflicts Chapter 18: Cold War Conflicts Section 1: Origins of the Cold War United Nations Satellite Nation Containment Iron Curtain Cold War Truman Doctrine Marshall Plan Berlin Airlift North Atlantic Treaty Organization

More information

The Americans (Survey)

The Americans (Survey) The Americans (Survey) Chapter 26: TELESCOPING THE TIMES Cold War Conflicts CHAPTER OVERVIEW After World War II, tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union lead to a war without direct military

More information

This opposition created a global atmosphere of tension which never developed into direct. There was a warlike relationship between the two nations.

This opposition created a global atmosphere of tension which never developed into direct. There was a warlike relationship between the two nations. AIM: Explain the conflict between the two superpowers that led to the Cold War. Expansion of Communism Stalin agreed to allow free elections in Soviet occupied European countries. He did not fulfill his

More information

PPT: Post WWII Tensions

PPT: Post WWII Tensions PPT: Post WWII Tensions WWII ends Cold War begins USSR collapses Cold War ends 1945 1991 The Cold War: The U.S. and USSR never directly declare war on each other, but fight by other means and through other

More information

Cold War ( conflict, with no fighting, between USA/Democracy and Soviet Union/Russia/ Communism

Cold War ( conflict, with no fighting, between USA/Democracy and Soviet Union/Russia/ Communism Cold War (1945-1991- conflict, with no fighting, between USA/Democracy and Soviet Union/Russia/ Communism 1) Define the Cold War and identify one reasons why the two nations mistrusted each other. 2) Analyze

More information

What Challenges Did President Truman Face at Home in the Postwar Years?

What Challenges Did President Truman Face at Home in the Postwar Years? What Challenges Did President Truman Face at Home in the Postwar Years? LESSON 2 SECTION 29.2 Text pp. 527 531 Read What Challenges Did President Truman Face at Home in the Postwar Years? (pp. 527-531).

More information

Cold War. Unit EQ: How did social, economic, and political events influence the US during the Cold War era?

Cold War. Unit EQ: How did social, economic, and political events influence the US during the Cold War era? Cold War Unit EQ: How did social, economic, and political events influence the US during the Cold War era? Yalta Conference The Yalta Conference was held towards the end of World War II. During this time

More information

Results of World War II Crossword

Results of World War II Crossword Name Date Period Chapter 27 Results of World War II Crossword Workbook 107 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Across 1) country that became a superpower after World War II 3) these people were killed

More information

The Nazi Retreat from the East

The Nazi Retreat from the East The Cold War Begins A Quick Review In 1917, there was a REVOLUTION in Russia And the Russian Tsar was overthrown and executed by communist revolutionaries led by Vladimir Lenin And NEW NATION The Union

More information

APUSH REVIEWED! THE COLD WAR BEGINS POST WW2, TRUMAN ADMINISTRATION

APUSH REVIEWED! THE COLD WAR BEGINS POST WW2, TRUMAN ADMINISTRATION APUSH 1945-1952 POST WW2, TRUMAN ADMINISTRATION THE COLD WAR BEGINS REVIEWED! American Pageant (Kennedy) Chapter 36 American History (Brinkley) Chapter 27 America s History (Henretta) Chapter 25-26 Fear

More information

THE COLD WAR Learning Goal 1:

THE COLD WAR Learning Goal 1: THE COLD WAR Learning Goal 1: Describe the causes and effects of the Cold War and explain how the Korean War, Vietnam War and the arms race were associated with the Cold War. RESULTS OF WWII RESULTS VE

More information

Early Cold War

Early Cold War Early Cold War 1945-1972 Capitalism vs. Communism Capitalism Communism Free-Market Economy Upper, Middle and Working Class North Atlantic Treaty Organization Government Controlled Economy Classless Society

More information

The Cold War Begins: CHAPTER 39

The Cold War Begins: CHAPTER 39 The Cold War Begins: 1946-1953 CHAPTER 39 OBJECTIVES Describe the economic transformation of the immediate post-wwii era. Explain the changes in the American population structure brought about the baby

More information

BACKGROUND: why did the USA and USSR start to mistrust each other? What was the Soviet View? What was the Western view? What is a Cold War?

BACKGROUND: why did the USA and USSR start to mistrust each other? What was the Soviet View? What was the Western view? What is a Cold War? BACKGROUND: why did the USA and USSR start to mistrust each other? The 2 sides were enemies long before they were allies in WWII. Relations had been bad since 1917 as Russia had become communist and the

More information

Chapter 15 Section 1 Notes: Beginnings of the Cold War

Chapter 15 Section 1 Notes: Beginnings of the Cold War Name: Chapter 15 Section 1 Notes: Beginnings of the Cold War Problems of Peace At the end of World War II, government Much of was also in ruins was in ruins and had no At the, the Allies (Great Britain,

More information

The Roots of the Cold War

The Roots of the Cold War STAAR Review 10 The Cold War Although the U.S.A. and the Soviet Union were allies during World War II, these two Superpowers soon became rivals during the Cold War. It was called a Cold War because they

More information

The Cold War Begins. After WWII

The Cold War Begins. After WWII The Cold War Begins After WWII After WWII the US and the USSR emerged as the world s two. Although allies during WWII distrust between the communist USSR and the democratic US led to the. Cold War tension

More information

The Origins of Cold War. Chapter 26 Section 1

The Origins of Cold War. Chapter 26 Section 1 The Origins of Cold War Chapter 26 Section 1 Warm-Up 4/23/2018 What was the Cold War? I. Former Allies Now Opponents: A. U.S. 1. Political system: Republic - Government by the people a. Vote for leaders

More information

The Dawn of the Cold War, The Dawn of the Cold War,

The Dawn of the Cold War, The Dawn of the Cold War, The Dawn of the Cold War, 1945-1953 Topics of Consideration 1. Roots of the Cold War 2. Containment and the Truman Doctrine 3. The Marshall Plan 4. The Berlin Blockade and NATO 5. Tools of Containment

More information

Cold War Conflicts NEXT

Cold War Conflicts NEXT Cold War Conflicts The Cold War and the danger of nuclear war define international affairs, especially after the Korean War. Fear of communism in the U.S. leads to accusations against innocent citizens.

More information

World History (Survey) Restructuring the Postwar World, 1945 Present

World History (Survey) Restructuring the Postwar World, 1945 Present World History (Survey) Chapter 33: Restructuring the Postwar World, 1945 Present Section 1: Two Superpowers Face Off The United States and the Soviet Union were allies during World War II. In February

More information

Cold War: Superpowers Face Off

Cold War: Superpowers Face Off Cold War: Superpowers Face Off ALLIES BECOME ENEMIES What caused the Cold War? The United States and the Soviet Union were allies during World War II. In February 1945, they agreed to divide Germany into

More information

ALLIES BECOME ENEMIES

ALLIES BECOME ENEMIES Cold War: Super Powers Face Off ALLIES BECOME ENEMIES What caused the Cold War? The United States and the Soviet Union were allies during World War II. In February 1945, they agreed to divide Germany into

More information

ALLIES BECOME ENEMIES

ALLIES BECOME ENEMIES Cold War: Super Powers Face Off ALLIES BECOME ENEMIES What caused the Cold War? The United States and the Soviet Union were allies during World War II. In February 1945, they agreed to divide Germany into

More information

The Legacies of WWII

The Legacies of WWII The Cold War The Legacies of WWII WWI might have been the war to end all wars but it was WWII that shifted the psyche of humanity. The costs of total war were simply too high 55 million dead worldwide

More information

Origins of the Cold War. A Chilly Power Point Presentation Brought to You by Mr. Raffel

Origins of the Cold War. A Chilly Power Point Presentation Brought to You by Mr. Raffel Origins of the Cold War A Chilly Power Point Presentation Brought to You by Mr. Raffel What was the Cold War? The Cold War was the bitter state of indirect conflict that existed between the U.S. and the

More information

Chapter 33 Summary/Notes

Chapter 33 Summary/Notes Chapter 33 Summary/Notes Unit 8 Perspectives on the Present Chapter 33 Section 1. The Cold War Superpowers Face off We learned about the end of WWII. Now we learn about tensions that followed the war.

More information

Origins of the Cold War

Origins of the Cold War Origins of the Cold War The United States and the Soviet Union emerged from World War II as two superpowers with vastly different political and economic systems. WHY IT MATTERS NOW After World War II,

More information

Bell Work. Describe Truman s plan for. Europe. How will his plan help prevent the spread of communism?

Bell Work. Describe Truman s plan for. Europe. How will his plan help prevent the spread of communism? Bell Work Describe Truman s plan for dealing with post-wwii Europe. How will his plan help prevent the spread of communism? Objectives Explain how Mao Zedong and the communists gained power in China. Describe

More information

LESSON OBJECTIVE. 1.) ANALYZE the effectiveness & morality of the British Royal Air Force bombing of German civilians

LESSON OBJECTIVE. 1.) ANALYZE the effectiveness & morality of the British Royal Air Force bombing of German civilians NAME: BLOCK: - CENTRAL HISTORICAL QUESTION - THE ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR: WHO IS PRIMARILY RESPONSIBLE FOR STARTING THE COLD WAR: THE U.S. OR S.U.? Pictured: Then-former British Prime Minster Winston Churchill

More information

2014 Brain Wrinkles. Origins and Consequences

2014 Brain Wrinkles. Origins and Consequences Origins and Consequences Standards SS5H7 The student will discuss the origins and consequences of the Cold War. a. Explain the origin and meaning of the term Iron Curtain. b. Explain how the United States

More information

The Dawn of the Cold War, The Dawn of the Cold War,

The Dawn of the Cold War, The Dawn of the Cold War, The Dawn of the Cold War, 1945-1954 Topics of Consideration 1. Roots of the Cold War 2. Containment and the Truman Doctrine 3. The Marshall Plan 4. The Berlin Blockade and NATO 5. Tools of Containment

More information

Origins of the Cold War

Origins of the Cold War CHAPTER GUIDED READING Origins of the Cold War A. As you read this section, complete the cause-and-effect diagram with the specific U.S. actions made in response to the Soviet actions listed. Use the following

More information

Unit 11: The Cold War B A T T L E O F T H E S U P E R P O W E R S :

Unit 11: The Cold War B A T T L E O F T H E S U P E R P O W E R S : Unit 11: The Cold War B A T T L E O F T H E S U P E R P O W E R S : 1 9 4 6-1 9 9 1 Textbook Help Remember your textbook has a lot of extra information that can really help you learn more about the Cold

More information

Wartime Conferences T H E E A R L Y C O L D W A R

Wartime Conferences T H E E A R L Y C O L D W A R Wartime Conferences T H E E A R L Y C O L D W A R Wartime Conferences Allies anxious to avoid mistakes of Versailles Treaty Did not want peace settlement s of WWII to cause another war Allied leaders had

More information

The Cold War An overview

The Cold War An overview The Cold War An overview 1945-1960 I m takin you down, Freedom!! You and all your Western Friends! Neeeiiigggghhhh!! We re going to stamp you out, you and all your Commie cronies! What is the Cold War?

More information

Modern World History Spring Final Exam 09

Modern World History Spring Final Exam 09 1. What was the goal of the Marshall Plan? A. to provide aid to European countries damaged by World War II B. to protect member nations against Soviet Union aggression C. to protect the United States economically

More information

Unit 28 ( ) American Nation Textbook Pages

Unit 28 ( ) American Nation Textbook Pages Unit 28 (1945-1991) American Nation Textbook Pages 809-839 1 1. The Cold War Begins After World War II, the United States and the Soviet Union became rivals. They competed for influence around the world

More information

Unit 8. 5th Grade Social Studies Cold War Study Guide. Additional study material and review games are available at at

Unit 8. 5th Grade Social Studies Cold War Study Guide. Additional study material and review games are available at at Unit 8 5th Grade Social Studies Cold War Study Guide Additional study material and review games are available at www.jonathanfeicht.com. are available at www.jonathanfeicht.com. Copyright 2015. For single

More information

Topic 5: The Cold War (Compiled from 10 Topic and 6 Topic Format) Revised 2012

Topic 5: The Cold War (Compiled from 10 Topic and 6 Topic Format) Revised 2012 Topic 5: The Cold War (Compiled from 10 Topic and 6 Topic Format) Revised 2012 [Since 1998, the pattern is: two subject specific questions, two questions allowing a choice of examples, and one question

More information

Unit 6 World War II & Aftermath

Unit 6 World War II & Aftermath Unit 6 World War II & Aftermath Following WWI and the Gr. Depr US wanted to stay out of world affairs Needed to rebuild economy Pursued policies of: isolationism neutrality Neutrality Taking no side in

More information

Chapter 35 The Cold War Begins

Chapter 35 The Cold War Begins Chapter 35 The Cold War Begins Section Notes Video The Iron Curtain Falls on Europe Healing the Wounds of War The Second Red Scare The Korean War The Cold War Begins History Close-up Assault on Inchon

More information

The Spread of Communism

The Spread of Communism The Spread of Communism Enduring Understanding: You should understand how international developments during the Cold War affected the world politically, socially, and economically. Be able to explain the

More information

World History Unit 08a and 08b: Global Conflicts & Issues _Edited

World History Unit 08a and 08b: Global Conflicts & Issues _Edited Name: Period: Date: Teacher: World History Unit 08a and 08b: Global Conflicts & Issues 2012-2013_Edited Test Date: April 25, 2013 Suggested Duration: 1 class period This test is the property of TESCCC/CSCOPE

More information

OUTLINE 8-1: TRUMAN AND THE COLD WAR,

OUTLINE 8-1: TRUMAN AND THE COLD WAR, OUTLINE 8-1: TRUMAN AND THE COLD WAR, 1945-1952 The United States responded to an uncertain and unstable postwar world by asserting and working to maintain a position of global leadership, with far-reaching

More information

The Cold War. 1. What do you think you know about this topic? 2. What questions or puzzles do you have? 3. How can you explore this topic?

The Cold War. 1. What do you think you know about this topic? 2. What questions or puzzles do you have? 3. How can you explore this topic? The Cold War 1. What do you think you know about this topic? 2. What questions or puzzles do you have? 3. How can you explore this topic? Learning Targets I can explain the global political divisions that

More information

The Early Cold War: Written by Ms. Susan M. Pojer and modified by J. Christie

The Early Cold War: Written by Ms. Susan M. Pojer and modified by J. Christie The Early Cold War: 1947-1970 Written by Ms. Susan M. Pojer and modified by J. Christie California Standards Compare the economic and military power shifts caused by the war, including the Yalta Pact,

More information

Origins of the Cold War & The 8 Steps to the division of Europe I. Breakdown of the Grand Alliance A. With the Nazi attack of the USSR in June 41,

Origins of the Cold War & The 8 Steps to the division of Europe I. Breakdown of the Grand Alliance A. With the Nazi attack of the USSR in June 41, Origins of the Cold War & The 8 Steps to the division of Europe I. Breakdown of the Grand Alliance A. With the Nazi attack of the USSR in June 41, both the Brits and Americans sent aid to Russia creating

More information

The Cold War ( ) American History

The Cold War ( ) American History The Cold War (1945-1960) American History Part I: Settling the War The start of the Cold War is rooted in the diplomacy and relationships between Russia and the United States in the final months of World

More information

ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR THE BERLIN BLOCKADE THE RED SCARE & MCCARTHYISM THE KOREAN WAR THE 1950S THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISES

ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR THE BERLIN BLOCKADE THE RED SCARE & MCCARTHYISM THE KOREAN WAR THE 1950S THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISES ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR THE BERLIN BLOCKADE THE RED SCARE & MCCARTHYISM THE KOREAN WAR THE 1950S THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISES DIFFERENT SYSTEMS: Government Economy Personal Freedom vs The Role of the State

More information

NATIONALIST CHINA THE FIRST FEW YEARS OF HIS RULE IS CONSIDERED THE WARLORD PERIOD

NATIONALIST CHINA THE FIRST FEW YEARS OF HIS RULE IS CONSIDERED THE WARLORD PERIOD NATIONALIST CHINA 1911=CHINESE REVOLUTION; LED BY SUN YAT SEN; OVERTHROW THE EMPEROR CREATE A REPUBLIC (E.G. THE REPUBLIC OF CHINA) CHINESE NATIONALISTS WERE ALSO REFERRED TO AS THE KUOMINTANG (KMT) CHIANG

More information

4.2.2 Korea, Cuba, Vietnam. Causes, Events and Results

4.2.2 Korea, Cuba, Vietnam. Causes, Events and Results 4.2.2 Korea, Cuba, Vietnam Causes, Events and Results This section will illustrate the extent of the Cold War outside of Europe & its impact on international affairs Our focus will be to analyze the causes

More information

The Cold War ( )

The Cold War ( ) The Cold War (1945-1991) Timeline USSR dissolves WWII Cold War 1939 1945 1989 1991 Revolutions of 1989 What is it US vs. USSR state of tension nuclear arms race Space Race propaganda war fighting through

More information

What was the significance of the WW2 conferences?

What was the significance of the WW2 conferences? What was the significance of the WW2 conferences? Look at the this photograph carefully and analyse the following: Body Language Facial expressions Mood of the conference A New World Order: Following WW2,

More information

The Potsdam Conference

The Potsdam Conference The Cold War Begins The United Nations Chartered in April 1945 Replaced the League of Nations as a mediator for international disputes 50 nations joined initially (today, UN has 192 members) In the General

More information

Making of the Modern World 15. Lecture #10 The Cold War and the American Century

Making of the Modern World 15. Lecture #10 The Cold War and the American Century Making of the Modern World 15 Lecture #10 The Cold War and the American Century Uncle Joe Guess where. Origins of the Cold War US, USSR, Great Britain unnatural allies during World War II Tensions submerged

More information

OBJECTIVE 7.2 IRON CURTAIN DESCENDS THE ANALYZING THE EVENTS THAT BEGAN THE IDEOLOGICAL CONFLICT BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND THE SOVIET UNION

OBJECTIVE 7.2 IRON CURTAIN DESCENDS THE ANALYZING THE EVENTS THAT BEGAN THE IDEOLOGICAL CONFLICT BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND THE SOVIET UNION Name Period OBJECTIVE 7.2 IRON CURTAIN DESCENDS ANALYZING EVENTS THAT BEGAN IDEOLOGICAL CONFLICT BETWEEN UNITED STATES AND SOVIET UNION Name Period OBJECTIVE 7.2 begins FOLLOWING IS A CHRONOLOGICALLY ORDERED

More information

Europe Since At the signing of the Treaty of Rome (1957)

Europe Since At the signing of the Treaty of Rome (1957) Europe Since 1945 At the signing of the Treaty of Rome (1957) AP European History J.F. Walters (2007) Europe Since 1945: Essential Questions (Page 1 of 3) 1. What were the major developments in the Cold

More information

SECTION 2: THE COLD WAR HEATS UP

SECTION 2: THE COLD WAR HEATS UP SECTION 2: THE COLD WAR HEATS UP Terms and Names: Taiwan Chiang Kai-shek Mao Zedong Korean War 38 th Parallel In the name of containing communism, the US will become involved in a conflict in Korea. The

More information

Guided Reading Activity 27-1

Guided Reading Activity 27-1 Guided Reading Activity 27-1 DIRECTIONS: Recalling the Facts Use the information in your textbook to answer the questions. Use another sheet of paper if necessary. 1. Who were the Big Three leaders? 2.

More information

What was the Cold War?

What was the Cold War? The Cold War What was the Cold War? Period of tension (1945-1991) involving primarily the two superpowers (United States and Soviet Union) following W.W.II No Direct Conflict between the U.S. and U.S.S.R.

More information

Example Student Essays for: Assess the reasons for the Breakdown of the Grand Alliance

Example Student Essays for: Assess the reasons for the Breakdown of the Grand Alliance Example Student Essays for: Assess the reasons for the Breakdown of the Grand Alliance Table of Contents 1. Student Essay 1.2 2. Student Essay 2.5 3. Student Essay 3.8 Rubric 1 History Essay Access the

More information

HISTORY & GEOGRAPHY STUDENT BOOK. 10th Grade Unit 9

HISTORY & GEOGRAPHY STUDENT BOOK. 10th Grade Unit 9 HISTORY & GEOGRAPHY STUDENT BOOK 10th Grade Unit 9 Unit 9 The Contemporary World HISTORY & GEOGRAPHY 1009 The Contemporary World INTRODUCTION 3 1. THE COLD WAR 5 ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR 6 COURSE OF THE

More information

Historical Debates: The Cold War

Historical Debates: The Cold War Historical Debates: The Cold War Central Historical Question: Who was primarily responsible for the Cold War: The United States or the Soviet Union? Directions: Over the past decades historians have disagreed

More information

The Cold War A bitter rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union, the two superpowers after WWII, that lasted for almost 50 years.

The Cold War A bitter rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union, the two superpowers after WWII, that lasted for almost 50 years. The Cold War A bitter rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union, the two superpowers after WWII, that lasted for almost 50 years. Satellite Nation: One that is dominated politically and economically

More information

The Cold War and Beyond Booth/Washburne World History

The Cold War and Beyond Booth/Washburne World History The Cold War and Beyond 1945-1991 Booth/Washburne World History Part I: The Cold War After being Allies during WWII, the U.S. and U.S.S.R. soon viewed each other with increasing suspicion Their political

More information

Economics, Government, & the Cold War. Why do states cooperate with each other?

Economics, Government, & the Cold War. Why do states cooperate with each other? Economics, Government, & the Cold War Why do states cooperate with each other? ECONOMIC TERMS ASSOCIATED WITH POLITICS a. CAPITALISM Economic system where citizens own property & private businesses control

More information

Origins of the Cold War

Origins of the Cold War Origins of the Cold War Origins of the Cold War Ideological Differences Different philosophies/ideologies: Democratic Capitalism Marxist-Leninist Communism: Let the ruling class tremble Marx. Economic-Political

More information

Post War Politics and the beginning of the Cold War and the East-West split. Morgan Fleming Mr. Beck IB History of the Americas February 15, 2017

Post War Politics and the beginning of the Cold War and the East-West split. Morgan Fleming Mr. Beck IB History of the Americas February 15, 2017 VIDEO STALIN POLICY Post War Politics and the beginning of the Cold War and the East-West split Morgan Fleming Mr. Beck IB History of the Americas February 15, 2017 Ending of WWII - WWII September 1, 1939-

More information

EOC Preparation: WWII and the Early Cold War Era

EOC Preparation: WWII and the Early Cold War Era EOC Preparation: WWII and the Early Cold War Era WWII Begins Adolf Hitler and Nazi Party were elected to power and took over the German government Hitler held a strict rule over Germany and set his sights

More information

unit 4: The Cold War

unit 4: The Cold War unit 4: The Cold War Vocabulary & Important People 1. Cold War: the state of political hostility that existed between the Soviet bloc countries and the US-led Western powers from 1945 to 1990. 2. Harry

More information

The Cold War US vs. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Democracy vs. Communism Capitalism vs. Socialism

The Cold War US vs. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Democracy vs. Communism Capitalism vs. Socialism The Cold War 1945-1991 US vs. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Democracy vs. Communism Capitalism vs. Socialism US/USSR Relationship during WWII 1939: Stalin (USSR) makes a deal with Hitler (Germany).

More information

The Roots of the Cold War

The Roots of the Cold War The Roots of the Cold War Communism No real wealthy people State/country controls everything business related No free enterprise system 1 ruler that can easily turn into a dictatorship Roots of the Cold

More information

Unit 5: Crisis and Change

Unit 5: Crisis and Change Modern World History Curriculum Source: This image from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/file:pedestal_table_in_the_studio.jpg is in the public domain in the United States because it was published prior to

More information

Timeline of the Early Cold War. 1945: August 6 - United States first used atomic bomb in war. 1945: August 8 - Russia enters war against Japan

Timeline of the Early Cold War. 1945: August 6 - United States first used atomic bomb in war. 1945: August 8 - Russia enters war against Japan Timeline of the Early 1945: February 4-11 - Yalta Conference 1945: August 6 - United States first used atomic bomb in war 1945: August 8 - Russia enters war against Japan 1945: August 14 - Japanese surrender

More information

Domestic policy WWI. Foreign Policy. Balance of Power

Domestic policy WWI. Foreign Policy. Balance of Power Domestic policy WWI The decisions made by a government regarding issues that occur within the country. Healthcare, education, Social Security are examples of domestic policy issues. Foreign Policy Caused

More information

Unit 13: Post War America: The Beginning of the Cold War and the 1950 s

Unit 13: Post War America: The Beginning of the Cold War and the 1950 s Name: Period: Unit 13: Post War America: The Beginning of the Cold War and the 1950 s Chapters 22 and 23 Pages 760-816 Homework: 1- Vocabulary due on 2-3- Castle Learning due and Test on Essential Questions:

More information

Chapter 17: Restructuring the Postwar World: 1945-Present I. Cold War: Superpowers Face Off (Section 1) a. Allies Become Enemies i.

Chapter 17: Restructuring the Postwar World: 1945-Present I. Cold War: Superpowers Face Off (Section 1) a. Allies Become Enemies i. Chapter 17: Restructuring the Postwar World: 1945-Present I. Cold War: Superpowers Face Off (Section 1) a. Allies Become Enemies i. Yalta Conference: A Postwar Plan 1. In February 1945, British, American

More information

U.S. History Learning Target Track Sheet

U.S. History Learning Target Track Sheet Unit 1: Cold War Introduction U.S. History Learning Target Track Sheet Big Idea Question: What impact did the Cold War have on American Foreign Policy and life at home? Date Learning Target for the Day

More information

Aftermath of WWII: The Iron Curtain/Cold War

Aftermath of WWII: The Iron Curtain/Cold War Aftermath of WWII: The Iron Curtain/Cold War Essential Question How did WWII change Europe? After the death of Vladimir Lenin, the Soviet Union s new communist leader was Joseph Stalin. Stalin and the

More information

CHAPTER TWENTY-FOUR: A DIVIDED WORLD: THE EARLY COLD WAR, READING AND STUDY GUIDE

CHAPTER TWENTY-FOUR: A DIVIDED WORLD: THE EARLY COLD WAR, READING AND STUDY GUIDE CHAPTER TWENTY-FOUR: A DIVIDED WORLD: THE EARLY COLD WAR, 1945 1963 READING AND STUDY GUIDE I. Origins of the Cold War A. Differing Goals in the Postwar World B. The American Vision Takes Shape: Kennan

More information

International Influence

International Influence What is influence? Influence is how a thing or person affects another thing or person. When someone has influence over you, he or she has the power to change the decisions you make. You can think about

More information

Unit 1: La Belle Époque and World War I ( )

Unit 1: La Belle Époque and World War I ( ) Unit 1: La Belle Époque and World War I (1900-1919) Application Question 1.2.3a Explain how trench warfare contributed to a stalemate on the Western Front. 1.1.4a Analyze the origins of World War I with

More information

Global History II Exam April NAME Period v. A

Global History II Exam April NAME Period v. A Global History II Exam April 11 2013 NAME Period v. A One similarity in the results of the revolutions led by Fidel Which communist nation is most closely associated Castro in Cuba and by the Sandinistas

More information

Communism Spreads in East Asia. China Korea Vietnam

Communism Spreads in East Asia. China Korea Vietnam Communism Spreads in East Asia China Korea Vietnam China s Communist Revolution After WWII, Mao (communist) resumed civil war against the Chiang Kai-shek aka Jiang Jieshi (nationalists) due to his weak

More information

Learning Goal 17: Student will be able to explain how the Cold War started.

Learning Goal 17: Student will be able to explain how the Cold War started. Cold War and 1950s Learning Goal 17: Student will be able to explain how the Cold War started. - Western fear of Communist Expansion (Containment, Truman Doctrine, McCarthyism, Second Red Scare, HUAC,

More information

1. Which of the following leaders transformed the Soviet Union from a rural nation into an industrial power? A. Stalin B. Hitler C. Lenin D.

1. Which of the following leaders transformed the Soviet Union from a rural nation into an industrial power? A. Stalin B. Hitler C. Lenin D. Name: Date: Choose the letter of the best answer. 1. Which of the following leaders transformed the Soviet Union from a rural nation into an industrial power? A. Stalin B. Hitler C. Lenin D. Mussolini

More information

Causes Of World War II

Causes Of World War II Causes Of World War II In the 1930 s, Italy, Germany, and Japan aggressively sought to build new empires. The League of Nations was weak. Western countries were recovering from the Great Depression and

More information

Origins of the Cold War

Origins of the Cold War 602-608-Chapter 18 10/21/02 5:39 PM Page 602 Page 1 of 7 Origins of the Cold War WHY IT MATTERS NOW Terms & Names The United States and the Soviet Union emerged from World War II as two superpowers with

More information

Social Studies The Cold War Unit 1: Origins of the Cold War

Social Studies The Cold War Unit 1: Origins of the Cold War Understandings Questions Knowledge Vocabulary After WW II, tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union led to a war without direct conflict, the Cold War. America s reaction to this perceived

More information

World History: Patterns of Interaction

World History: Patterns of Interaction Restructuring the Postwar World, 1945-Present The United States and the Soviet Union vie for superiority, and both countries extend their control over other nations. Restructuring the Postwar World, 1945-Present

More information