End of WWI and Early Cold War

Save this PDF as:
Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "End of WWI and Early Cold War"

Transcription

1 End of WWI and Early Cold War

2 Why So Scary, Communism? It posed a direct threat to democracy and capitalism Struggle between US and USSR was political but battle between good and evil Democracy A system of government by elected representatives Capitalism Private citizens control all economic activity Communism Advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned Command/Planned Economy State controls economy Each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs

3 Tensions With USSR Before WWII 1917: Russian Revolution, Russia exits WWI (Treaty of Brest-Litovsk) 1922: Russia becomes the Soviet Union/USSR 1933: United States formally recognizes the USSR Tensions With USSR During WWII Stalin s purges and communist ideology are questionable to US Was an ally of Hitler (Molotov Ribbentrop Pact or Soviet Non-Aggression Pact) before betrayed in invasion of USSR Stalin, facing the brunt of the fighting on the Eastern front, wanted America and Britain to open a second front earlier than they did America and Britain wanted to delay until they were fully prepared for D-Day

4 Peace Accords and Cold War Origins (pg. 2) Yalta Conference USSR has the power because Soviet armies occupied much of Eastern Europe US losing to in Pacific so USSR agree to declare war on Japan after Germany s defeat Big 4 would occupy a divided Germany Heavy German reparations USSR take Eastern portions of Poland, rest of Poland would get free elections All new governments in Soviet occupied Europe would get free elections Soviet Control of Eastern Europe: Gained direct and indirect power through installing communist and other leftist governments friendly to Soviets

5 Split Between East and West (pg. 2) Stalin s Awareness of USSR s Weakness Number of Soviet dead (including civilians) over 20 million, Soviet territory west of Moscow destroyed Behind America technologically since had atomic bomb Stalin pretending Soviets acting from strength not weakness Broken Promises and Ideological Gap Fix elections in Eastern Europe Ex: Poland Believed capitalism not Hitler that caused war Growing Spheres of Influence Turned military occupation into network of satellite regimes in E. Europe Ex: Imposed Communist rule immediately in Bulgaria and Romania On both sides spheres of influence growing Former Axis Powers of Italy, Japan, and Germany move towards US side Soviet Union get E Europe by means Warsaw Pact

6 West Versus East (pg. 3) Iron Curtain: Metaphorical description of USSR s bloc of Eastern European nations under Soviet sphere of influence Term created by Churchill in a 1946 speech Truman Doctrine: America s policy to contain communism to those countries already under Soviet control Manifest itself as economic and military aid to block communism Ex: $400 million in military aid for Greece and Turkey Ex: 1947 s Marshall Plan

7

8 Marshall Plan (pg. 3) Marshall Plan (1948): funds from the United States financed an extensive reconstruction of industry and infrastructure Stimulated an extended period of growth in Western and Central Europe called the economic miracle which was rapid economic growth largely based on consumerism in post WWII Western Europe Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (COMECON): Soviet version of Marshall Plan, meant to rebuild East Bloc countries under Soviet influence

9

10 Division Germany (pg. 3) Potsdam Agreement (July 1945): Germany divided into four temporary occupation zones Truman takes over for FDR bad relationship between him and Stalin Stalin demands land in Turkey, Japan, Libya Did not follow through on free elections in Poland

11

12 Berlin Airlift 1948 dispute over control of Berlin Stalin creates Berlin Blockade, cutting off Western access to both East and West Berlin because he claims all of Berlin for USSR U.S. responds with Berlin Airlift US drops food and supplies to Berlin which was located far inside Soviet-controlled East Germany Airlift lasts 10 months

13

14 What Was (pg. 4): NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization Peacetime anti-soviet military alliance of Western countries ( keep Russians out, Americans in, and Germans down ) Warsaw Pact Soviet-backed military alliance of East Bloc Communist countries in Europe Containment: contain communism by keeping it from spreading to other countries, basis of Truman Doctrine

15

DURING WWII THE US AND THE SOVIET UNION HAD JOINED

DURING WWII THE US AND THE SOVIET UNION HAD JOINED DURING WWII THE US AND THE SOVIET UNION HAD JOINED FORCES AGAINST THE GERMANS BUT AFTER THE WAR, THEIR COMPETING POLITICAL PHILOSOPHIES WOULD LEAD TO NEARLY A HALF-CENTURY OF CONFLICT CALLED THE COLD WAR.

More information

Ch 25-1 The Iron Curtain Falls on Europe

Ch 25-1 The Iron Curtain Falls on Europe Ch 25-1 The Iron Curtain Falls on Europe The Main Idea WWIII??? At the end of World War II, tensions between the Soviet Union and the United States deepened, leading to an era known as the Cold War. Cold

More information

Europe and North America Section 1

Europe and North America Section 1 Europe and North America Section 1 Europe and North America Section 1 Click the icon to play Listen to History audio. Click the icon below to connect to the Interactive Maps. Europe and North America Section

More information

The Cold War. Origins - Korean War

The Cold War. Origins - Korean War The Cold War Origins - Korean War What is a Cold War? WW II left two nations of almost equal strength but differing goals Cold War A struggle over political differences carried on by means short of direct

More information

The Cold War Part I ( ) US vs. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Democracy vs. Communism Capitalism vs.

The Cold War Part I ( ) US vs. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Democracy vs. Communism Capitalism vs. The Cold War 1945-1990 Part I (1945-1960) US vs. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Democracy vs. Communism Capitalism vs. Socialism Ideas/Questions What was the cold war? Are we still seeing its echoes

More information

Trace the reasons that the wartime alliance between the United States and the Soviet Union unraveled.

Trace the reasons that the wartime alliance between the United States and the Soviet Union unraveled. Objectives Trace the reasons that the wartime alliance between the United States and the Soviet Union unraveled. Explain how President Truman responded to Soviet domination of Eastern Europe. Describe

More information

The Differences Between the 2 Sides Under Soviet communism, the state controlled all property & economic activity In capitalistic America, private

The Differences Between the 2 Sides Under Soviet communism, the state controlled all property & economic activity In capitalistic America, private Although the US and Soviet Union had been allies in WWII, they emerged as rival superpowers They had very different ambitions for the future These differences created an icy tension that plunged the 2

More information

Former Allies Diverge

Former Allies Diverge Chapter 17-1 Two Superpowers Face Off Former Allies Diverge The Soviet Union Corrals Eastern Europe United States Counters Soviet Expansion The Cold War and a Divided World Former Allies Diverge Before

More information

PPT: Post WWII Tensions

PPT: Post WWII Tensions PPT: Post WWII Tensions WWII ends Cold War begins USSR collapses Cold War ends 1945 1991 The Cold War: The U.S. and USSR never directly declare war on each other, but fight by other means and through other

More information

Chapter Two Superpowers Face Off

Chapter Two Superpowers Face Off Chapter 17-1 Two Superpowers Face Off I) Former Allies Diverge II) The Soviet Union Corrals Eastern Europe III) United States Counters Soviet Expansion IV) The Cold War and a Divided World I) Former Allies

More information

ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR THE BERLIN BLOCKADE THE RED SCARE & MCCARTHYISM THE KOREAN WAR THE 1950S THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISES

ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR THE BERLIN BLOCKADE THE RED SCARE & MCCARTHYISM THE KOREAN WAR THE 1950S THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISES ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR THE BERLIN BLOCKADE THE RED SCARE & MCCARTHYISM THE KOREAN WAR THE 1950S THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISES DIFFERENT SYSTEMS: Government Economy Personal Freedom vs The Role of the State

More information

The Legacies of WWII

The Legacies of WWII The Cold War The Legacies of WWII WWI might have been the war to end all wars but it was WWII that shifted the psyche of humanity. The costs of total war were simply too high 55 million dead worldwide

More information

Cold War. Unit EQ: How did social, economic, and political events influence the US during the Cold War era?

Cold War. Unit EQ: How did social, economic, and political events influence the US during the Cold War era? Cold War Unit EQ: How did social, economic, and political events influence the US during the Cold War era? Yalta Conference The Yalta Conference was held towards the end of World War II. During this time

More information

BACKGROUND: why did the USA and USSR start to mistrust each other? What was the Soviet View? What was the Western view? What is a Cold War?

BACKGROUND: why did the USA and USSR start to mistrust each other? What was the Soviet View? What was the Western view? What is a Cold War? BACKGROUND: why did the USA and USSR start to mistrust each other? The 2 sides were enemies long before they were allies in WWII. Relations had been bad since 1917 as Russia had become communist and the

More information

Beginnings of the Cold War

Beginnings of the Cold War Beginnings of the Cold War Chapter 15 Section 1 Problems of Peace At the end of World War II, Germany was in ruins and had no government. Much of Europe was also in ruins. Problems of Peace Occupied Germany

More information

TRUMAN BECOMES PRESIDENT Hopes for world peace were high at the end of the war

TRUMAN BECOMES PRESIDENT Hopes for world peace were high at the end of the war Name: Origins of the Cold War Period: FORMER ALLIES CLASH The US and Soviet Union had very different ambitions for the future Soviet Communism v. American Capitalism Joseph Stalin totalitarian, leader

More information

Wartime Conferences T H E E A R L Y C O L D W A R

Wartime Conferences T H E E A R L Y C O L D W A R Wartime Conferences T H E E A R L Y C O L D W A R Wartime Conferences Allies anxious to avoid mistakes of Versailles Treaty Did not want peace settlement s of WWII to cause another war Allied leaders had

More information

Chapter 28, Section 1: The Cold War Begins. Main Idea: After WWII, distrust between the US & USSR led to the Cold War.

Chapter 28, Section 1: The Cold War Begins. Main Idea: After WWII, distrust between the US & USSR led to the Cold War. Chapter 28, Section 1: The Cold War Begins Main Idea: After WWII, distrust between the US & USSR led to the Cold War. The Cold War [1945-1991]: An Ideological Struggle US & the Western Democracies GOAL

More information

COLD WAR ORIGINS. U.S vs. U.S.S.R. Democ./Cap vs Comm.

COLD WAR ORIGINS. U.S vs. U.S.S.R. Democ./Cap vs Comm. COLD WAR ORIGINS U.S vs. U.S.S.R. Democ./Cap vs Comm. Section One: Objectives By the end, I will be able to: 1. Explain the breakdown in relations between the United States and the Soviet Union after World

More information

Name Period Cold War Germany Divided into zones of occupation; also

Name Period Cold War Germany Divided into zones of occupation; also Name Period Cold War 1945-1989 Germany Divided into zones of occupation; also Japan by U.S. troops Industries re-built with modern Korea into zones of occupation (USSR and US) Boundary is parallel (38

More information

Origins of the Cold War

Origins of the Cold War Origins of the Cold War From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an "iron curtain" has descended across the continent. Behind that line lie all the capitals of the ancient states of Central

More information

THE IRON CURTAIN. From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the continent. - Winston Churchill

THE IRON CURTAIN. From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the continent. - Winston Churchill COLD WAR 1945-1991 1. The Soviet Union drove the Germans back across Eastern Europe. 2. They occupied several countries along it s western border and considered them a necessary buffer or wall of protection

More information

THE COLD WAR Learning Goal 1:

THE COLD WAR Learning Goal 1: THE COLD WAR Learning Goal 1: Describe the causes and effects of the Cold War and explain how the Korean War, Vietnam War and the arms race were associated with the Cold War. RESULTS OF WWII RESULTS VE

More information

the Cold War The Cold War would dominate global affairs from 1945 until the breakup of the USSR in 1991

the Cold War The Cold War would dominate global affairs from 1945 until the breakup of the USSR in 1991 U.S vs. U.S.S.R. ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR After being Allies during WWII, the U.S. and U.S.S.R. soon viewed each other with increasing suspicion Their political differences created a climate of icy tension

More information

Origins of the Cold War & The 8 Steps to the division of Europe I. Breakdown of the Grand Alliance A. With the Nazi attack of the USSR in June 41,

Origins of the Cold War & The 8 Steps to the division of Europe I. Breakdown of the Grand Alliance A. With the Nazi attack of the USSR in June 41, Origins of the Cold War & The 8 Steps to the division of Europe I. Breakdown of the Grand Alliance A. With the Nazi attack of the USSR in June 41, both the Brits and Americans sent aid to Russia creating

More information

Journal 5/4/18. Compare and contrast Lenin and Stalin

Journal 5/4/18. Compare and contrast Lenin and Stalin Journal 5/4/18 Compare and contrast Lenin and Stalin Table of Contents: Unit 7 Communism 1. Title Page (extra credit for decorating) 2. Table of Contents 3. Prelude to the Russian Revolution 4. 14.1 Assessment

More information

The Nazi Retreat from the East

The Nazi Retreat from the East The Cold War Begins A Quick Review In 1917, there was a REVOLUTION in Russia And the Russian Tsar was overthrown and executed by communist revolutionaries led by Vladimir Lenin And NEW NATION The Union

More information

This opposition created a global atmosphere of tension which never developed into direct. There was a warlike relationship between the two nations.

This opposition created a global atmosphere of tension which never developed into direct. There was a warlike relationship between the two nations. AIM: Explain the conflict between the two superpowers that led to the Cold War. Expansion of Communism Stalin agreed to allow free elections in Soviet occupied European countries. He did not fulfill his

More information

2. The State Department asked the American Embassy in Moscow to explain Soviet behavior.

2. The State Department asked the American Embassy in Moscow to explain Soviet behavior. 1. The Americans become increasingly impatient with the Soviets. 2. The State Department asked the American Embassy in Moscow to explain Soviet behavior. 3. On February 22, 1946, George Kennan an American

More information

Today we will identify and examine the legislation, policies and events that begin the rivalry known as the Cold War

Today we will identify and examine the legislation, policies and events that begin the rivalry known as the Cold War Today we will identify and examine the legislation, policies and events that begin the rivalry known as the Cold War Thought for the day: Courage is what it takes to stand up and speak; courage is also

More information

Results of World War II Crossword

Results of World War II Crossword Name Date Period Chapter 27 Results of World War II Crossword Workbook 107 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Across 1) country that became a superpower after World War II 3) these people were killed

More information

Divided into 4 zones of occupation; Berlin also divided

Divided into 4 zones of occupation; Berlin also divided Cold War 1945-1989 Germany Divided into 4 zones of occupation; Berlin also divided Japan Occupied by U.S. troops Demilitarized Industries re-built with modern machinery Divided into 2 zones of occupation

More information

Topic 5: The Cold War (Compiled from 10 Topic and 6 Topic Format) Revised 2012

Topic 5: The Cold War (Compiled from 10 Topic and 6 Topic Format) Revised 2012 Topic 5: The Cold War (Compiled from 10 Topic and 6 Topic Format) Revised 2012 [Since 1998, the pattern is: two subject specific questions, two questions allowing a choice of examples, and one question

More information

Restructuring the Postwar World, 1945 Present

Restructuring the Postwar World, 1945 Present Restructuring the Postwar World, 1945 Present Map Activity Define the following on a separate sheet of paper: Cold War, Brinkmanship, Détente, Containment, Communism, Capitalism, Democracy, Command Economy,

More information

Cold War Conflicts Chapter 26

Cold War Conflicts Chapter 26 Cold War Conflicts Chapter 26 Former Allies Clash After World War II the US and the Soviets had very different goals for the future. Under Soviet communism the state controlled all property and economic

More information

Topic 5: The Cold War (Compiled from 10 Topic and 6 Topic Format) Revised 2014

Topic 5: The Cold War (Compiled from 10 Topic and 6 Topic Format) Revised 2014 Topic 5: The Cold War (Compiled from 10 Topic and 6 Topic Format) Revised 2014 [Since 1998, the pattern is: two subject specific questions, two questions allowing a choice of examples, and one question

More information

Introduction to the Cold War

Introduction to the Cold War Introduction to the Cold War What is the Cold War? The Cold War is the conflict that existed between the United States and Soviet Union from 1945 to 1991. It is called cold because the two sides never

More information

Chapter 15 Section 1 Notes: Beginnings of the Cold War

Chapter 15 Section 1 Notes: Beginnings of the Cold War Name: Chapter 15 Section 1 Notes: Beginnings of the Cold War Problems of Peace At the end of World War II, government Much of was also in ruins was in ruins and had no At the, the Allies (Great Britain,

More information

The Cold War Abroad and at Home, Chapter AP US History

The Cold War Abroad and at Home, Chapter AP US History + The Cold War Abroad and at Home, 1945-1960 Chapter 37-38 AP US History + Goal Statement After studying this chapter students should be able to: Explain how the policies of both the United States and

More information

Communism. Communism is a form of economy. Everyone gets the same resources. Gov t owns the means of production -so no individuals own the businesses

Communism. Communism is a form of economy. Everyone gets the same resources. Gov t owns the means of production -so no individuals own the businesses The Cold War Communism Communism is a form of economy Everyone gets the same resources Gov t owns the means of production -so no individuals own the businesses Idea of Communism Gov t will work in the

More information

Origins of the Cold War

Origins of the Cold War Origins of the Cold War A Difference In Opinion 1945 was the beginning of a long period of distrust & misunderstanding between the Soviet Union and its former allies in the West (particularly the US) Soviet

More information

The Cold War US vs. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Democracy vs. Communism Capitalism vs. Socialism

The Cold War US vs. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Democracy vs. Communism Capitalism vs. Socialism The Cold War 1945-1991 US vs. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Democracy vs. Communism Capitalism vs. Socialism US/USSR Relationship during WWII 1939: Stalin (USSR) makes a deal with Hitler (Germany).

More information

World War II convinced U.S. leaders that the policies of isolationism and appeasement had been mistakes. To counter the growing Soviet threat, they

World War II convinced U.S. leaders that the policies of isolationism and appeasement had been mistakes. To counter the growing Soviet threat, they World War II convinced U.S. leaders that the policies of isolationism and appeasement had been mistakes. To counter the growing Soviet threat, they sought new ways to keep the U.S. safe and protect its

More information

Cold War ( conflict, with no fighting, between USA/Democracy and Soviet Union/Russia/ Communism

Cold War ( conflict, with no fighting, between USA/Democracy and Soviet Union/Russia/ Communism Cold War (1945-1991- conflict, with no fighting, between USA/Democracy and Soviet Union/Russia/ Communism 1) Define the Cold War and identify one reasons why the two nations mistrusted each other. 2) Analyze

More information

Early Cold War

Early Cold War Early Cold War 1945-1972 Capitalism vs. Communism Capitalism Communism Free-Market Economy Upper, Middle and Working Class North Atlantic Treaty Organization Government Controlled Economy Classless Society

More information

Cold War. A war of words between countries. There is no actual fighting.

Cold War. A war of words between countries. There is no actual fighting. Cold War Era Cold War A war of words between countries. There is no actual fighting. Iron Curtain The term Winston Churchill used to describe the communist countries in Europe Yalta Conference a conference

More information

Unit 6 World War II & Aftermath

Unit 6 World War II & Aftermath Unit 6 World War II & Aftermath Following WWI and the Gr. Depr US wanted to stay out of world affairs Needed to rebuild economy Pursued policies of: isolationism neutrality Neutrality Taking no side in

More information

America after WWII. The 1946 through the 1950 s

America after WWII. The 1946 through the 1950 s America after WWII The 1946 through the 1950 s The United Nations In 1944 President Roosevelt began to think about what the world would be like after WWII He especially wanted to be sure that there would

More information

Analyze the political cartoon by writing:

Analyze the political cartoon by writing: Bellringer Analyze the political cartoon by writing: 1. Title (make one up of there isn t one): 2. Important Words: 3. Symbols: 4. Action: 5. Message: The Cold War Day 1 Ms. Luco IB Hist Americas Yr 1

More information

4/8/2014. Other Clashes Loss of Trust: The Fate of Eastern European Nations

4/8/2014. Other Clashes Loss of Trust: The Fate of Eastern European Nations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 The Cold War 1945-1960 The war that wasn t really a war at all. The American Presidents Part 1- The Origins Review: The Yalta Conference February 1945 Players: FDR/Churchill/Stalin USSR pledges

More information

The Cold War. Chap. 18, 19

The Cold War. Chap. 18, 19 The Cold War Chap. 18, 19 Cold War 1945-1991 Political and economic conflict between U.S. and USSR Not fought on battlefield U.S. Vs. USSR Democracy- free elections private ownership Free market former

More information

$100 People. WWII and Cold War. The man who made demands at Yalta who led to the dropping of the "iron curtain" around the eastern European countries.

$100 People. WWII and Cold War. The man who made demands at Yalta who led to the dropping of the iron curtain around the eastern European countries. People WWII and Cold War Jeopardy Between the Geography Treaties and Battles of Wars WWII Hot Spots of the Cold War $100 People WWII and Cold War $100 People WWII and Cold War Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100

More information

The Dawn of the Cold War, The Dawn of the Cold War,

The Dawn of the Cold War, The Dawn of the Cold War, The Dawn of the Cold War, 1945-1953 Topics of Consideration 1. Roots of the Cold War 2. Containment and the Truman Doctrine 3. The Marshall Plan 4. The Berlin Blockade and NATO 5. Tools of Containment

More information

Origins of the Cold War

Origins of the Cold War Origins of the Cold War Origins of the Cold War Ideological Differences Different philosophies/ideologies: Democratic Capitalism Marxist-Leninist Communism: Let the ruling class tremble Marx. Economic-Political

More information

Harry S. Truman Library & Museum Teacher Lessons

Harry S. Truman Library & Museum Teacher Lessons Title: Lesson Plans for Conference at Yalta Activity Author: Derek Frieling Course: American History Time Frame: Part of one class period for introduction and one full class period for the debate. Subjects:

More information

Origins of the Cold War. A Chilly Power Point Presentation Brought to You by Ms. Shen

Origins of the Cold War. A Chilly Power Point Presentation Brought to You by Ms. Shen Origins of the Cold War A Chilly Power Point Presentation Brought to You by Ms. Shen What was the Cold War? The Cold War was a 40+ year long conflict between the U.S. and the Soviet Union that started

More information

Marshall Plan: A U.S. recovery plan that offered money to help European countries rebuild after WWII.

Marshall Plan: A U.S. recovery plan that offered money to help European countries rebuild after WWII. Cold War 1951-1991 Hostility between Soviet Union (communism) and the United States (democratic) created the Cold War. No Physical Fighting hence the name Cold War https://www.youtube.com/watch?v= naqs-blpfu4

More information

Chapter 17 Lesson 1: Two Superpowers Face Off. Essential Question: Why did tension between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R increase after WWII?

Chapter 17 Lesson 1: Two Superpowers Face Off. Essential Question: Why did tension between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R increase after WWII? Chapter 17 Lesson 1: Two Superpowers Face Off Essential Question: Why did tension between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R increase after WWII? Post WWII Big Three meet in Yalta Divide Germany into 4 zones (U.S.,

More information

Russian History. Lecture #1 Ancient History The Romanov s

Russian History. Lecture #1 Ancient History The Romanov s Russian History Lecture #1 Ancient History The Romanov s Outline Russia Lecture #1 Ancient Russia Settlement of Russia Yaroslav the Wise Mongol Invasion of Russia Retaking Russia Ivan the Great Ivan the

More information

World War II Ends Ch 24-5

World War II Ends Ch 24-5 World War II Ends Ch 24-5 The Main Idea While the Allies completed the defeat of the Axis Powers on the battlefield, Allied leaders were making plans for the postwar world. Content Statement Summarize

More information

Bell Ringer: April 2(3), 2018

Bell Ringer: April 2(3), 2018 Announcements: 1: Test 4/4(5) TOMORROW! Review is on the Weebly! Materials: 1: Spiral/blank sheet of paper 2: Guiding Questions worksheet from table Bell Ringer: April 2(3), 2018 1. Set up your Cornell

More information

What was the significance of the WW2 conferences?

What was the significance of the WW2 conferences? What was the significance of the WW2 conferences? Look at the this photograph carefully and analyse the following: Body Language Facial expressions Mood of the conference A New World Order: Following WW2,

More information

Communism. Soviet Union government State (government) controls everything Opposite of democracy and capitalism (USA)

Communism. Soviet Union government State (government) controls everything Opposite of democracy and capitalism (USA) Cold War VS Communism Soviet Union government State (government) controls everything Opposite of democracy and capitalism (USA) United Nations (UN) Started with 50 member countries Created to promote peace

More information

Unit 11: The Cold War B A T T L E O F T H E S U P E R P O W E R S :

Unit 11: The Cold War B A T T L E O F T H E S U P E R P O W E R S : Unit 11: The Cold War B A T T L E O F T H E S U P E R P O W E R S : 1 9 4 6-1 9 9 1 Textbook Help Remember your textbook has a lot of extra information that can really help you learn more about the Cold

More information

OBJECTIVE 7.2 IRON CURTAIN DESCENDS THE ANALYZING THE EVENTS THAT BEGAN THE IDEOLOGICAL CONFLICT BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND THE SOVIET UNION

OBJECTIVE 7.2 IRON CURTAIN DESCENDS THE ANALYZING THE EVENTS THAT BEGAN THE IDEOLOGICAL CONFLICT BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND THE SOVIET UNION Name Period OBJECTIVE 7.2 IRON CURTAIN DESCENDS ANALYZING EVENTS THAT BEGAN IDEOLOGICAL CONFLICT BETWEEN UNITED STATES AND SOVIET UNION Name Period OBJECTIVE 7.2 begins FOLLOWING IS A CHRONOLOGICALLY ORDERED

More information

What Challenges Did President Truman Face at Home in the Postwar Years?

What Challenges Did President Truman Face at Home in the Postwar Years? What Challenges Did President Truman Face at Home in the Postwar Years? LESSON 2 SECTION 29.2 Text pp. 527 531 Read What Challenges Did President Truman Face at Home in the Postwar Years? (pp. 527-531).

More information

D-Day Gives the Allies a Foothold in Europe

D-Day Gives the Allies a Foothold in Europe D-Day Gives the Allies a Foothold in Europe On June 6, 1944, Allied forces under U.S. general Dwight D. Eisenhower landed on the Normandy beaches in history s greatest naval invasion: D-Day. Within three

More information

The Hot Days of the Cold War

The Hot Days of the Cold War The Hot Days of the Cold War Brian Frydenborg History 321, Soviet Russia 3/18/02 On my honor, I have neither given nor received any unacknowledged aid on this paper. The origins of the cold war up to 1953

More information

THE COLD WAR Part One Teachers Notes by Paul Latham

THE COLD WAR Part One Teachers Notes by Paul Latham THE COLD WAR Part One Teachers Notes by Paul Latham Notes also available on DVD disc as either a Word document or PDF file. Also available on the website. 1 2 The Cold War (Part 1) Teachers Notes ORIGINS

More information

The Cold War Begins. After WWII

The Cold War Begins. After WWII The Cold War Begins After WWII After WWII the US and the USSR emerged as the world s two. Although allies during WWII distrust between the communist USSR and the democratic US led to the. Cold War tension

More information

Section 4: How did the Cold War develop?

Section 4: How did the Cold War develop? Section 4: How did the Cold War develop? 1943-56 4 (a) Describe one reason why the Allies met at Yalta in February 1945. 1 1 Simple statement(s) e.g. To discuss what to do with Germany. 2 2 Developed statements

More information

APUSH REVIEWED! THE COLD WAR BEGINS POST WW2, TRUMAN ADMINISTRATION

APUSH REVIEWED! THE COLD WAR BEGINS POST WW2, TRUMAN ADMINISTRATION APUSH 1945-1952 POST WW2, TRUMAN ADMINISTRATION THE COLD WAR BEGINS REVIEWED! American Pageant (Kennedy) Chapter 36 American History (Brinkley) Chapter 27 America s History (Henretta) Chapter 25-26 Fear

More information

Origins of the Cold War. A Chilly Power Point Presentation Brought to You by Mr. Raffel

Origins of the Cold War. A Chilly Power Point Presentation Brought to You by Mr. Raffel Origins of the Cold War A Chilly Power Point Presentation Brought to You by Mr. Raffel What was the Cold War? The Cold War was the bitter state of indirect conflict that existed between the U.S. and the

More information

Origins of the Cold War. A Chilly Power Point Presentation Brought to You by Ms. Shen

Origins of the Cold War. A Chilly Power Point Presentation Brought to You by Ms. Shen Origins of the Cold War A Chilly Power Point Presentation Brought to You by Ms. Shen What was the Cold War? The Cold War was a 40+ year long conflict between the U.S. and the Soviet Union that started

More information

World War II Causes of World War II

World War II Causes of World War II Name World War II Causes of World War II U.S. History: Cold War & World War II Treaty of Versailles Caused Germany to: Admit war guilt Give up overseas colonies Lose land to France (Alsace Loraine) Give

More information

Chapter 25 Cold War America, APUSH Mr. Muller

Chapter 25 Cold War America, APUSH Mr. Muller Chapter 25 Cold War America, 1945-1963 APUSH Mr. Muller Aim: How does the U.S. and U.S.S.R. go from allies to rivals? Do Now: Communism holds that the world is so deeply divided into opposing classes that

More information

1918?? US fails to recognize Bolshevik regime and the USSR April 12, 1945?? FDR dies Stalin had immense respect for FDR which did not carry through

1918?? US fails to recognize Bolshevik regime and the USSR April 12, 1945?? FDR dies Stalin had immense respect for FDR which did not carry through 1918?? US fails to recognize Bolshevik regime and the USSR April 12, 1945?? FDR dies Stalin had immense respect for FDR which did not carry through to Truman 1946?? Kennan Telegram urging the US gov t

More information

Origins of the Cold War

Origins of the Cold War CHAPTER GUIDED READING Origins of the Cold War A. As you read this section, complete the cause-and-effect diagram with the specific U.S. actions made in response to the Soviet actions listed. Use the following

More information

THE EARLY COLD WAR YEARS. US HISTORY Chapter 15 Section 2

THE EARLY COLD WAR YEARS. US HISTORY Chapter 15 Section 2 THE EARLY COLD WAR YEARS US HISTORY Chapter 15 Section 2 THE EARLY COLD WAR YEARS CONTAINING COMMUNISM MAIN IDEA The Truman Doctrine offered aid to any nation resisting communism; The Marshal Plan aided

More information

The Dawn of the Cold War, The Dawn of the Cold War,

The Dawn of the Cold War, The Dawn of the Cold War, The Dawn of the Cold War, 1945-1954 Topics of Consideration 1. Roots of the Cold War 2. Containment and the Truman Doctrine 3. The Marshall Plan 4. The Berlin Blockade and NATO 5. Tools of Containment

More information

Aftermath of WWII: The Iron Curtain/Cold War

Aftermath of WWII: The Iron Curtain/Cold War Aftermath of WWII: The Iron Curtain/Cold War Essential Question How did WWII change Europe? After the death of Vladimir Lenin, the Soviet Union s new communist leader was Joseph Stalin. Stalin and the

More information

The Early Cold War: Written by Ms. Susan M. Pojer and modified by J. Christie

The Early Cold War: Written by Ms. Susan M. Pojer and modified by J. Christie The Early Cold War: 1947-1970 Written by Ms. Susan M. Pojer and modified by J. Christie California Standards Compare the economic and military power shifts caused by the war, including the Yalta Pact,

More information

Economics, Government, & the Cold War. Why do states cooperate with each other?

Economics, Government, & the Cold War. Why do states cooperate with each other? Economics, Government, & the Cold War Why do states cooperate with each other? ECONOMIC TERMS ASSOCIATED WITH POLITICS a. CAPITALISM Economic system where citizens own property & private businesses control

More information

Domestic policy WWI. Foreign Policy. Balance of Power

Domestic policy WWI. Foreign Policy. Balance of Power Domestic policy WWI The decisions made by a government regarding issues that occur within the country. Healthcare, education, Social Security are examples of domestic policy issues. Foreign Policy Caused

More information

The Origins of the Cold War

The Origins of the Cold War The Origins of the Cold War 1945-49 Ideological Divisions The origins of the Cold War can largely be found in the culmination of World War Two, but there were profound ideological differences between the

More information

Unit 7: The Cold War

Unit 7: The Cold War Unit 7: The Cold War Standard 7-5 Goal: The student will demonstrate an understanding of international developments during the Cold War era. Vocabulary 7-5.1 OCCUPIED 7-5.2 UNITED NATIONS NORTH ATLANTIC

More information

Unit 1: La Belle Époque and World War I ( )

Unit 1: La Belle Époque and World War I ( ) Unit 1: La Belle Époque and World War I (1900-1919) Application Question 1.2.3a Explain how trench warfare contributed to a stalemate on the Western Front. 1.1.4a Analyze the origins of World War I with

More information

Option 26/27 scheme of work

Option 26/27 scheme of work Option 26/27 scheme of work Superpower relations and the Cold War, 1941 91 GCSE (9-1) History Pearson Edexcel Level 1/Level 2 GCSE (9-1) in History (1HI0) Introduction This document provides a sample

More information

The Cold War TOWARD A GLOBAL COMMUNITY (1900 PRESENT)

The Cold War TOWARD A GLOBAL COMMUNITY (1900 PRESENT) The Cold War TOWARD A GLOBAL COMMUNITY (1900 PRESENT) Throughout WWII the U.S. and the Soviet Union began to view each other with increasing suspicion. He s a commie, and once made an alliance with Hitler...

More information

The Roots of the Cold War

The Roots of the Cold War The Roots of the Cold War Communism No real wealthy people State/country controls everything business related No free enterprise system 1 ruler that can easily turn into a dictatorship Roots of the Cold

More information

Post War Politics and the beginning of the Cold War and the East-West split. Morgan Fleming Mr. Beck IB History of the Americas February 15, 2017

Post War Politics and the beginning of the Cold War and the East-West split. Morgan Fleming Mr. Beck IB History of the Americas February 15, 2017 VIDEO STALIN POLICY Post War Politics and the beginning of the Cold War and the East-West split Morgan Fleming Mr. Beck IB History of the Americas February 15, 2017 Ending of WWII - WWII September 1, 1939-

More information

Standard 7 Review. Opening: Answer the multiple-choice questions on pages and

Standard 7 Review. Opening: Answer the multiple-choice questions on pages and Opening: Standard 7 Review Answer the multiple-choice questions on pages 186-188 and 201-204. Correct answers we be counted as extra credit on your quiz. Standard USHC-7: The student will demonstrate an

More information

The Roots of the Cold War

The Roots of the Cold War STAAR Review 10 The Cold War Although the U.S.A. and the Soviet Union were allies during World War II, these two Superpowers soon became rivals during the Cold War. It was called a Cold War because they

More information

World History Unit 08a and 08b: Global Conflicts & Issues _Edited

World History Unit 08a and 08b: Global Conflicts & Issues _Edited Name: Period: Date: Teacher: World History Unit 08a and 08b: Global Conflicts & Issues 2012-2013_Edited Test Date: April 25, 2013 Suggested Duration: 1 class period This test is the property of TESCCC/CSCOPE

More information

In this 1938 event, the Nazis attacked Jewish synagogues and businesses and beat up and arrested many Jews.

In this 1938 event, the Nazis attacked Jewish synagogues and businesses and beat up and arrested many Jews. 1 In this 1938 event, the Nazis attacked Jewish synagogues and businesses and beat up and arrested many Jews. 1 Kristallnacht ( Night of Broken Glass ) 2 This 1934 event resulted in Hitler s destruction

More information

Red Scare and Cold War Policies SSUSH 20 a-b

Red Scare and Cold War Policies SSUSH 20 a-b Red Scare and Cold War Policies SSUSH 20 a-b Bellringer Today s Essential Question: What post World War Two international trend motivated American leaders to develop a policy of containment? The Cold

More information

The Cold War Begins: CHAPTER 39

The Cold War Begins: CHAPTER 39 The Cold War Begins: 1946-1953 CHAPTER 39 OBJECTIVES Describe the economic transformation of the immediate post-wwii era. Explain the changes in the American population structure brought about the baby

More information

WORLD HISTORY WORLD WAR II

WORLD HISTORY WORLD WAR II WORLD HISTORY WORLD WAR II BOARD QUESTIONS 1) WHO WAS THE LEADER OF GERMANY IN THE 1930 S? 2) WHO WAS THE LEADER OF THE SOVIET UNION DURING WWII? 3) LIST THE FIRST THREE STEPS OF HITLER S PLAN TO DOMINATE

More information

The Cold War. 1. What do you think you know about this topic? 2. What questions or puzzles do you have? 3. How can you explore this topic?

The Cold War. 1. What do you think you know about this topic? 2. What questions or puzzles do you have? 3. How can you explore this topic? The Cold War 1. What do you think you know about this topic? 2. What questions or puzzles do you have? 3. How can you explore this topic? Learning Targets I can explain the global political divisions that

More information