The Cold War. 1. What do you think you know about this topic? 2. What questions or puzzles do you have? 3. How can you explore this topic?

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1 The Cold War 1. What do you think you know about this topic? 2. What questions or puzzles do you have? 3. How can you explore this topic?

2 Learning Targets I can explain the global political divisions that occurred during the Cold War. (NATO, Warsaw Pact, Iron Curtain) I can describe increasing tensions that developed between superpowers during the Cold War. (Atomic detonations, mutually assured destruction, arms/space race) I can explain the policy of containment (Truman Doctrine, Marshall Plan, etc)

3 Just For Today You guys can t cross this line for the rest of class for any reason. (Physically, Verbally, Telepathically, Paper airplane-ly)

4 What WAS the Cold War? Hostile, but nonviolent struggle for power between the U.S. and the Soviet Union.

5 Whose fault was the Cold War?

6 Truth Stoplight Doc. D Look for red lights and yellow lights statements where truth is questionable (red is more intense). Sweeping generalization One-sided arguments Bold claim, no argument Blatant self-interest Extreme conviction No obvious expertise Angry claims Feelings: seems implausible, uncertain, tentative Plainly an opinion Look for green lights statements that are true without doubt.

7 Truth Stoplight Doc. C Look for red lights and yellow lights statements where truth is questionable (red is more intense). Sweeping generalization One-sided arguments Bold claim, no argument Blatant self-interest Extreme conviction No obvious expertise Angry claims Feelings: seems implausible, uncertain, tentative Plainly an opinion Look for green lights statements that are true without doubt.

8 Why did the U.S. and the USSR not like each other? Philosophical Differences 1920s - Russia became Communist. USSR: communism, totalitarian dictatorship U.S: freeenterprise capitalism, republic World War II Conflicts Allies during the war, but not truly friends U.S. atomic bomb plans worried Soviet Union. Post War Conflicts The USSR refused to let Eastern Europe hold elections as promised at Yalta. The U.S. resisted Soviet expansion in Eastern Europe.

9 Iron Curtain Speech (1946) Churchill accused the USSR of creating a sharp division in Europe.

10 Pay CLOSE Attention Document A Questions 1-2

11 Truth Stoplight Doc. A Look for red lights and yellow lights statements where truth is questionable (red is more intense). Sweeping generalization One-sided arguments Bold claim, no argument Blatant self-interest Extreme conviction No obvious expertise Angry claims Feelings: seems implausible, uncertain, tentative Plainly an opinion Look for green lights statements that are true without doubt.

12 Berlin Blockade and Airlift (1948) Soviets blocked all routes into West Berlin (cut off food/coal; caused starvation and poverty) British and American planes began making deliveries to West Berlin. Why was it necessary for the U.S. to airlift supplies to the people of West Berlin??

13 Domino Theory China became Communist (1949) Fear grew that nearby nations would fall next.

14 Alliances NATO Treaty(1949). Warsaw Pact (1955)

15 How did the U.S. plan to deal with Communism? Containment: U.S. foreign policy to restrict the expansion of Soviet (communist) influence in the world

16 Truman Doctrine (1947) The U.S. should help countries that are resisting communism with economic or military support (Greece and Turkey).

17 Pay CLOSE Attention Document B Questions 3-5 Also finish answering #11-14

18 Truth Stoplight Doc. B Look for red lights and yellow lights statements where truth is questionable (red is more intense). Sweeping generalization One-sided arguments Bold claim, no argument Blatant self-interest Extreme conviction No obvious expertise Angry claims Feelings: seems implausible, uncertain, tentative Plainly an opinion Look for green lights statements that are true without doubt.

19 The Marshall Plan, 1947 (What do you think?) Aid given to help rebuild European countries destroyed in WW2 (to keep away any Communist interests). A map showing how the plan s $20B was distributed by country Photo shows a delivery of wheat from the U.S. being unloaded in Rotterdam, Netherlands

20 The Atomic Age Arms Mutually Race: Both the U.S. and Soviet Union were building up their weapons in large numbers Assured Destruction: strategy which involves two countries using weapons of mass destruction, assuring inevitable destruction for both sides and victory for none.

21 1945: 1945: 1945: 1945: 1946: 1947: 1947: 1948: 1948: 1949: 1949: 1949: 1949: 1955: Timeline of the Early Cold War February Yalta Conference August 6 - United States first used atomic bomb in war August 8 - Russia enters war against Japan August 14 - Japanese surrenders, ending World War II March - Winston Churchill delivers "Iron Curtain" speech March - Truman announces Truman Doctrine June - Marshall Plan is announced February - Communist takeover in Czechoslovakia June 24 - Berlin blockade begins July - NATO treaty ratified May 12 - Berlin Blockade ends September - Mao Zedong, a communist, takes control of China September - Soviets explode first atomic bomb May Warsaw Pact

22 Whose Fault Was the Cold War? 12. Make a claim about the topic - An explanation or interpretation of some aspect of the topic. 13. Identify support for your claim - Things you see, feel, and know that support your claim. 14. Ask a question related to your claim - What's left hanging? What isn't explained?

23 Dot Game Each person draws a card Do not tell anyone what color dot you ve drawn. Goal is to form largest group without any Red Dots Goal for Red Dots is to become a member of largest group possible If you suspect anyone of being a Red Dot, share that information with others. You are rewarded if You are a part of the largest group without any Red Dots You are a lone Red Dot to infiltrate a group.

24 How did you feel when you discovered you were not a red dot? Or were a red dot? For those who were red dots how did you convince others you were not a red dot? How did you feel if you were accused of being a red dot? What emotions fueled this activity? Can you think of a time in history when every day citizens may have felt the same way?

25 8 th Period: 3:00-3:15 Turn in your assignment (9.1) to Mr. Moreland Stay in your seat until exactly 3:14, THEN stack chairs. Do not crack the door before the bell rings. Watch this:

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