This opposition created a global atmosphere of tension which never developed into direct. There was a warlike relationship between the two nations.

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1 AIM: Explain the conflict between the two superpowers that led to the Cold War.

2

3 Expansion of Communism Stalin agreed to allow free elections in Soviet occupied European countries. He did not fulfill his agreement. Europe splits into two camps, the Soviet- controlled Communist governments in eastern Europe and the democratic western Europe. America feared the spread of communism since the Russian Revolution in 1917.

4 Communism Vs. Democracy Communism All land and property p are owned by the nation and business is controlled by government. Soviet Union Rejected Religion Private property Free elections Citizens who protested were imprisoned or killed Totalitarian Government all power is in the hands of the ruling groups. Democracy The power is in the hands of the people who elect their leaders. Capitalist Economy United States

5 The United States in the Cold War This opposition created a global atmosphere of tension which never developed into direct military confrontation. There was a warlike relationship between p the two nations.

6 Cold War

7

8 Expansion of Communism After World War II, the nations of Eastern Europe fell under Soviet rule. The iron curtain fell across Europe separating democratic nations and communist nations. Iron Curtain Imaginary line that t divided id d Europe into two separate areas from the end of WWII until the end of the Cold War.

9 Iron Curtain

10 Containment Containment -Stoping the spread of communism. (Joseph Stalin (Soviet Union)

11 Marshall Plan Thousand of refugees were starving and had no homes. Poor hungry people may support communist revolution. The Marshall Plan Offered 13 billion in aid to Western and Southern Europe. It helped the nations of Europe to re-build. Eastern Europe refused aid because Stalin felt that it was a plot to weaken the Soviet Union.

12 Truman Doctrine President Truman addressed the situation ti with what became known as the Truman Doctrine. Truman promoted democracy in Greece and Turkey by giving them economic assistance. $400 million was given to Turkey and Greece for economic assistance to put down communist revolts. This was a policy to contain communism.

13 Germany is Divided into 4 Zones Soviet Union Great Britain France America Western powers agreed to merge and form Western Germany.

14 Berlin Blockade On June 24, 1948, the Soviet Union blocked access to the three Western- held sectors of Berlin. Soviet zone of Germany. Cut off all rail, road routes, and river routes going through Soviet- controlled territory in Germany.

15 Berlin Airlift Planes left every 3 minutes Berlin airlift was conducted in order to not let Western Berlin fall into Soviet hands. Stalin feared that a united Germany would threaten the Soviet Union. U.S. drops in food, fuel and equipment to Berlin residents. May 1949 Stalin lifted the blockade.

16

17 The Berlin Candy Bomber Colonel Halvorsen is known as the "Candy Bomber" for dropping candy from his aircraft to German children during the airlift.

18 Communism Expands In 1949, the Republic of China led by Mao Zedong becomes Communist China.

19 Nikita Khrushchev Leader of the Soviet Union from Following Stalin s death.

20 Building of the Berlin Wall Over the next 12 years, 3 million Eastern Germans fled to Western Berlin and into Western Germany. This embarrassed East Germany and the Soviet Union.

21

22 Symbol of the Cold War Berlin Wall The wall was constructed of concrete and barbed wire. The wall sealed off Eastern Berlin from Western Berlin. Eastern Berliners whop tried to escape were shot by border guards.

23 Berlin Wall

24 Berlin Wall

25

26 Warsaw Pact 1955 In 1955, the Warsaw Pact linked the Soviet Union with seven Eastern European countries.

27 NATO v. Warsaw NATO (1949) North Atlantic Treaty Organization United States Canada Western European Nations Warsaw Pact (1955) Soviet Union Eastern European Nations

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