Wartime Conferences T H E E A R L Y C O L D W A R

Save this PDF as:

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Wartime Conferences T H E E A R L Y C O L D W A R"

Transcription

1 Wartime Conferences T H E E A R L Y C O L D W A R

2 Wartime Conferences Allies anxious to avoid mistakes of Versailles Treaty Did not want peace settlement s of WWII to cause another war Allied leaders had met throughout the war to plan strategy and discuss postwar policy The most important meeting involved the Big Three: Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Joseph Stalin See Page 110 in Textbook

3 Atlantic Charter August, 1941 Churchill and Roosevelt meet aboard a British Warship of the coast off Newfoundland A document was issued known as the Atlantic Charter. It: Supported the right of all people to choose the form of government under which they would live Urged economic cooperation and a permanent system of general security that would protect nations from aggression outside their frontiers

4 Teheran Conference November/December, 1943, Teheran, Iran Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin Main topic was invasion of France Also discussed: Setting up of United nations Russian help against Japan Tentative plans for dealing with Poland and Germany after war

5 Yalta Conference February, 1945, Yalta, Southern Russia Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin War nearing end in Europe and decisions had to be made about the future of Europe Many decisions were made at this conference which led to many fronts of the Cold War, most notably, Germany

6 The goal of the conference was to discuss many aspects crucial to world peace and what Europe (especially Eastern Europe) would look like after the war. The main issues were: The division of Germany The formation of the United Nations German war reparations Entry of USSR into war against Japan And the most difficult, the state of Eastern Europe, specifically Poland Yalta Conference

7 Division of Germany There was dissention among the allies but they did tentatively agree that Germany would be defeated and then disarmed Split into 4 zones of occupation American, British, Soviet, and French This would prove to be a major flashpoint of the Cold War

8 Division of Berlin Berlin, deep within the Soviet zone, would also be divided into 4 zones

9 Formation of United Nations A United Nations Organization was to be set up Was to serve as an international peacekeeping organization Roosevelt wanted a Security Council with 4 permanent members: The United States, Great Britain, China, and the Soviet Union. Each member would have a veto Stalin wanted all soviet republics occupied at end of war to have a seat, but finally settled on the two main ones, Ukraine and Belorussia

10 German War Reparations Stalin wanted Germany to pay $20 billion, half to Soviet Union Britain did not want any reparations Topic eventually abandoned and sent to a reparations commissions

11 Entry of USSR Into War Against Japan To avoid a long and costly war in Pacific, Britain and USA wanted Russia s help in fight against Japan Talks almost exclusively between Roosevelt and Stalin Roosevelt did not want more involvement of Britain for fear they would demand more colonies Needed Russia because Atomic Bomb had not been tested Stalin agreed to enter war on side of allies within three months of defeat of Germany In return, he was promised certain strategic lands In end, Stalin entered EXACTLY 3 months after fall of Germany, two days after first atomic bomb was dropped He waited so as to gain the most with least amount of expenditure

12 Eastern Europe Future of Eastern Europe became a crucial issue Axis nations of Bulgaria, Hungary, and Romania had surrendered to Soviets as Nazis moved out (Moscow Agreement, 1944) Poland and Czechoslovakia were also under Soviet control (see map) Stalin promised free elections, but wanted pro-soviet governments in the region Long standing tradition of establishing a buffer Zone along its borders Stalin viewed that countries recaptured from Germany should remain under their control

13

14 Poland Twice within 30 years, Russia had been attacked through Poland Once Poland had been liberated, Stalin established pro-soviet government Roosevelt and Churchill did not want this; they had gone to war to guarantee Poland s independence Poland would be a test case American and British recognition of a Soviet Poland would signal Stalin s right to establish a sphere of influence in Eastern Europe

15 Poland Roosevelt wanted spheres of influence established globally with China, Soviet Union, USA and Britain acting as international enforcers within their sphere Soviets interpreted this to mean that they would police Eastern Europe Stalin agrees to hold free elections in Eastern European states ASAP However, as left conference believed that soviet domination in Eastern Europe would not be challenged

16 Moscow Conference October, 1944 Churchill, Stalin Agreement on division of Balkans Soviet Union would control 90% of Rumania and 75% of Bulgaria Britain would control 90% of Greece Yugoslavia and Hungary would be divided Agreement unknown to Roosevelt

17 Things had changed since Yalta NEW LEADERS Harry S. Truman (VP) replaced Roosevelt (after his sudden death) as President of USA Truman, a relative unknown internationally takes a hard line stance on USSR. Much more anti-communist and very suspicious of Stalin Clement Attlee replaced Churchill during the conference after winning election in Britain Clement Attlee, Harry Truman and Joseph Stalin Potsdam Conference July 16 August 2, 1945

18 Potsdam Conference At Yalta, agreed that USSR would join war against Japan, but on July 16, 1945, atomic bomb tested successfully in New Mexico July 21, Churchill and Truman agree that weapon should be used but do not tell Stalin until July 25 July 26, Potsdam Declaration issued threatening total destruction unless Japan surrendered unconditionally With Germany defeated and USA holding bomb, Russian help no longer needed But his armies now occupied most of Eastern Europe

19 Potsdam Conference Germany Denazification and demilitarization all Nazi institutions would be dismantled and Nazi war criminals would be tried and punished (Nuremburg Trials) Reparations would be pain in machinery and equipment with Soviets taking what they wanted from the eastern zone of Germany and 35% from western zones USA, Britain and France helped rebuild the economy of their zones feeling that a stronger Germany would lead to a democratic one and act as a buffer against Soviet expansion The division of Germany was meant to be temporary 1949 western powers combined their zones into one nation German Federal Republic or West Germany (Bonn Capital) Soviet Zone became the German Democratic Republic or East Germany with Berlin divided between East and West

What was the significance of the WW2 conferences?

What was the significance of the WW2 conferences? What was the significance of the WW2 conferences? Look at the this photograph carefully and analyse the following: Body Language Facial expressions Mood of the conference A New World Order: Following WW2,

More information

End of WWI and Early Cold War

End of WWI and Early Cold War End of WWI and Early Cold War Why So Scary, Communism? It posed a direct threat to democracy and capitalism Struggle between US and USSR was political but battle between good and evil Democracy A system

More information

DURING WWII THE US AND THE SOVIET UNION HAD JOINED

DURING WWII THE US AND THE SOVIET UNION HAD JOINED DURING WWII THE US AND THE SOVIET UNION HAD JOINED FORCES AGAINST THE GERMANS BUT AFTER THE WAR, THEIR COMPETING POLITICAL PHILOSOPHIES WOULD LEAD TO NEARLY A HALF-CENTURY OF CONFLICT CALLED THE COLD WAR.

More information

The Cold War. Origins - Korean War

The Cold War. Origins - Korean War The Cold War Origins - Korean War What is a Cold War? WW II left two nations of almost equal strength but differing goals Cold War A struggle over political differences carried on by means short of direct

More information

TRUMAN BECOMES PRESIDENT Hopes for world peace were high at the end of the war

TRUMAN BECOMES PRESIDENT Hopes for world peace were high at the end of the war Name: Origins of the Cold War Period: FORMER ALLIES CLASH The US and Soviet Union had very different ambitions for the future Soviet Communism v. American Capitalism Joseph Stalin totalitarian, leader

More information

ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR THE BERLIN BLOCKADE THE RED SCARE & MCCARTHYISM THE KOREAN WAR THE 1950S THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISES

ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR THE BERLIN BLOCKADE THE RED SCARE & MCCARTHYISM THE KOREAN WAR THE 1950S THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISES ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR THE BERLIN BLOCKADE THE RED SCARE & MCCARTHYISM THE KOREAN WAR THE 1950S THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISES DIFFERENT SYSTEMS: Government Economy Personal Freedom vs The Role of the State

More information

PPT: Post WWII Tensions

PPT: Post WWII Tensions PPT: Post WWII Tensions WWII ends Cold War begins USSR collapses Cold War ends 1945 1991 The Cold War: The U.S. and USSR never directly declare war on each other, but fight by other means and through other

More information

Europe and North America Section 1

Europe and North America Section 1 Europe and North America Section 1 Europe and North America Section 1 Click the icon to play Listen to History audio. Click the icon below to connect to the Interactive Maps. Europe and North America Section

More information

Beginnings of the Cold War

Beginnings of the Cold War Beginnings of the Cold War Chapter 15 Section 1 Problems of Peace At the end of World War II, Germany was in ruins and had no government. Much of Europe was also in ruins. Problems of Peace Occupied Germany

More information

THE COLD WAR Learning Goal 1:

THE COLD WAR Learning Goal 1: THE COLD WAR Learning Goal 1: Describe the causes and effects of the Cold War and explain how the Korean War, Vietnam War and the arms race were associated with the Cold War. RESULTS OF WWII RESULTS VE

More information

Postwar politics and the beginnings of the Cold War By: Julio Avila!

Postwar politics and the beginnings of the Cold War By: Julio Avila! Postwar politics and the beginnings of the Cold War By: Julio Avila! Ending WWII World War II The Allied powers consisted of : the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union, the United States, China, and France.!

More information

Former Allies Diverge

Former Allies Diverge Chapter 17-1 Two Superpowers Face Off Former Allies Diverge The Soviet Union Corrals Eastern Europe United States Counters Soviet Expansion The Cold War and a Divided World Former Allies Diverge Before

More information

BACKGROUND: why did the USA and USSR start to mistrust each other? What was the Soviet View? What was the Western view? What is a Cold War?

BACKGROUND: why did the USA and USSR start to mistrust each other? What was the Soviet View? What was the Western view? What is a Cold War? BACKGROUND: why did the USA and USSR start to mistrust each other? The 2 sides were enemies long before they were allies in WWII. Relations had been bad since 1917 as Russia had become communist and the

More information

Cold War. Unit EQ: How did social, economic, and political events influence the US during the Cold War era?

Cold War. Unit EQ: How did social, economic, and political events influence the US during the Cold War era? Cold War Unit EQ: How did social, economic, and political events influence the US during the Cold War era? Yalta Conference The Yalta Conference was held towards the end of World War II. During this time

More information

World War II Ends Ch 24-5

World War II Ends Ch 24-5 World War II Ends Ch 24-5 The Main Idea While the Allies completed the defeat of the Axis Powers on the battlefield, Allied leaders were making plans for the postwar world. Content Statement Summarize

More information

Ch 25-1 The Iron Curtain Falls on Europe

Ch 25-1 The Iron Curtain Falls on Europe Ch 25-1 The Iron Curtain Falls on Europe The Main Idea WWIII??? At the end of World War II, tensions between the Soviet Union and the United States deepened, leading to an era known as the Cold War. Cold

More information

The Cold War Part I ( ) US vs. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Democracy vs. Communism Capitalism vs.

The Cold War Part I ( ) US vs. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Democracy vs. Communism Capitalism vs. The Cold War 1945-1990 Part I (1945-1960) US vs. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Democracy vs. Communism Capitalism vs. Socialism Ideas/Questions What was the cold war? Are we still seeing its echoes

More information

Name Date MOD. [Slide 3] Universal Declaration of Human Rights UN document affirming

Name Date MOD. [Slide 3] Universal Declaration of Human Rights UN document affirming Name Date MOD United States History Section 15:5 [Slide 1] Objectives Evaluate the goals that Allied leaders set for the postwar world. Describe the steps that the United States and other nations took

More information

Origins of the Cold War

Origins of the Cold War CHAPTER GUIDED READING Origins of the Cold War A. As you read this section, complete the cause-and-effect diagram with the specific U.S. actions made in response to the Soviet actions listed. Use the following

More information

Harry S. Truman Library & Museum Teacher Lessons

Harry S. Truman Library & Museum Teacher Lessons Title: Lesson Plans for Conference at Yalta Activity Author: Derek Frieling Course: American History Time Frame: Part of one class period for introduction and one full class period for the debate. Subjects:

More information

D-Day Gives the Allies a Foothold in Europe

D-Day Gives the Allies a Foothold in Europe D-Day Gives the Allies a Foothold in Europe On June 6, 1944, Allied forces under U.S. general Dwight D. Eisenhower landed on the Normandy beaches in history s greatest naval invasion: D-Day. Within three

More information

America after WWII. The 1946 through the 1950 s

America after WWII. The 1946 through the 1950 s America after WWII The 1946 through the 1950 s The United Nations In 1944 President Roosevelt began to think about what the world would be like after WWII He especially wanted to be sure that there would

More information

Unit 7.4: World War II

Unit 7.4: World War II Unit 7.4: World War II 1942-1945 Germany used blitzkrieg tactics to dominate Eastern & Western Europe England was wounded from German attacks in the Battle of Britain Hitler broke the Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression

More information

The Origins of the Cold War

The Origins of the Cold War The Origins of the Cold War 1945-49 Ideological Divisions The origins of the Cold War can largely be found in the culmination of World War Two, but there were profound ideological differences between the

More information

1. Which of the following leaders transformed the Soviet Union from a rural nation into an industrial power? A. Stalin B. Hitler C. Lenin D.

1. Which of the following leaders transformed the Soviet Union from a rural nation into an industrial power? A. Stalin B. Hitler C. Lenin D. Name: Date: Choose the letter of the best answer. 1. Which of the following leaders transformed the Soviet Union from a rural nation into an industrial power? A. Stalin B. Hitler C. Lenin D. Mussolini

More information

WARM UP: Today s Topics What were the major turning points. in WW2? How did the Allies compromise with one another?

WARM UP: Today s Topics What were the major turning points. in WW2? How did the Allies compromise with one another? WARM UP: Today s Topics What were the major turning points in WW2? How did the Allies compromise with one another? From 1939 to 1942, the Axis Powers dominated Europe, North Africa, & Asia Germany used

More information

WORLD HISTORY WORLD WAR II

WORLD HISTORY WORLD WAR II WORLD HISTORY WORLD WAR II BOARD QUESTIONS 1) WHO WAS THE LEADER OF GERMANY IN THE 1930 S? 2) WHO WAS THE LEADER OF THE SOVIET UNION DURING WWII? 3) LIST THE FIRST THREE STEPS OF HITLER S PLAN TO DOMINATE

More information

Trace the reasons that the wartime alliance between the United States and the Soviet Union unraveled.

Trace the reasons that the wartime alliance between the United States and the Soviet Union unraveled. Objectives Trace the reasons that the wartime alliance between the United States and the Soviet Union unraveled. Explain how President Truman responded to Soviet domination of Eastern Europe. Describe

More information

1. Base your answer to the following question on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies.

1. Base your answer to the following question on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies. 1. Base your answer to the following question on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies. 3. Base your answer on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies. In the cartoon,

More information

The Cold War Abroad and at Home, Chapter AP US History

The Cold War Abroad and at Home, Chapter AP US History + The Cold War Abroad and at Home, 1945-1960 Chapter 37-38 AP US History + Goal Statement After studying this chapter students should be able to: Explain how the policies of both the United States and

More information

The Nazi Retreat from the East

The Nazi Retreat from the East The Cold War Begins A Quick Review In 1917, there was a REVOLUTION in Russia And the Russian Tsar was overthrown and executed by communist revolutionaries led by Vladimir Lenin And NEW NATION The Union

More information

Chapter 28, Section 1: The Cold War Begins. Main Idea: After WWII, distrust between the US & USSR led to the Cold War.

Chapter 28, Section 1: The Cold War Begins. Main Idea: After WWII, distrust between the US & USSR led to the Cold War. Chapter 28, Section 1: The Cold War Begins Main Idea: After WWII, distrust between the US & USSR led to the Cold War. The Cold War [1945-1991]: An Ideological Struggle US & the Western Democracies GOAL

More information

Hey there I m (name) and today I want to show you how things were going just after World War Two.

Hey there I m (name) and today I want to show you how things were going just after World War Two. The Postwar World HS725 Activity Introduction Hey there I m (name) and today I want to show you how things were going just after World War Two. I ve always found it interesting how a tragic event like

More information

THE IRON CURTAIN. From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the continent. - Winston Churchill

THE IRON CURTAIN. From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the continent. - Winston Churchill COLD WAR 1945-1991 1. The Soviet Union drove the Germans back across Eastern Europe. 2. They occupied several countries along it s western border and considered them a necessary buffer or wall of protection

More information

$100 People. WWII and Cold War. The man who made demands at Yalta who led to the dropping of the "iron curtain" around the eastern European countries.

$100 People. WWII and Cold War. The man who made demands at Yalta who led to the dropping of the iron curtain around the eastern European countries. People WWII and Cold War Jeopardy Between the Geography Treaties and Battles of Wars WWII Hot Spots of the Cold War $100 People WWII and Cold War $100 People WWII and Cold War Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100

More information

COLD WAR ORIGINS. U.S vs. U.S.S.R. Democ./Cap vs Comm.

COLD WAR ORIGINS. U.S vs. U.S.S.R. Democ./Cap vs Comm. COLD WAR ORIGINS U.S vs. U.S.S.R. Democ./Cap vs Comm. Section One: Objectives By the end, I will be able to: 1. Explain the breakdown in relations between the United States and the Soviet Union after World

More information

Chapter Two Superpowers Face Off

Chapter Two Superpowers Face Off Chapter 17-1 Two Superpowers Face Off I) Former Allies Diverge II) The Soviet Union Corrals Eastern Europe III) United States Counters Soviet Expansion IV) The Cold War and a Divided World I) Former Allies

More information

Origins of the Cold War

Origins of the Cold War Origins of the Cold War A Difference In Opinion 1945 was the beginning of a long period of distrust & misunderstanding between the Soviet Union and its former allies in the West (particularly the US) Soviet

More information

World War II Causes of World War II

World War II Causes of World War II Name World War II Causes of World War II U.S. History: Cold War & World War II Treaty of Versailles Caused Germany to: Admit war guilt Give up overseas colonies Lose land to France (Alsace Loraine) Give

More information

5. Base your answer on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.

5. Base your answer on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies. Name: 1. To help pay for World War II, the United States government relied heavily on the 1) money borrowed from foreign governments 2) sale of war bonds 3) sale of United States manufactured goods to

More information

The Differences Between the 2 Sides Under Soviet communism, the state controlled all property & economic activity In capitalistic America, private

The Differences Between the 2 Sides Under Soviet communism, the state controlled all property & economic activity In capitalistic America, private Although the US and Soviet Union had been allies in WWII, they emerged as rival superpowers They had very different ambitions for the future These differences created an icy tension that plunged the 2

More information

LESSON 1: YALTA, 1945 Student Handout 1: Problems

LESSON 1: YALTA, 1945 Student Handout 1: Problems i: ; i,.,... Ị....,., LESSON 1: YALTA, 1945 Student Handout 1: Problems - 1940 1~5 1950 1~5 1~0 Yalta Conference t is February 1945, and you are President Franklin D. Roosevelt. You have come to the Russian

More information

Georgia High School Graduation Test Tutorial. World History from World War I to World War II

Georgia High School Graduation Test Tutorial. World History from World War I to World War II Georgia High School Graduation Test Tutorial World History from World War I to World War II Causes of World War I 1. Balkan Nationalism Causes of World War I 2. Entangled Alliances Causes of World War

More information

Restructuring the Postwar World, 1945 Present

Restructuring the Postwar World, 1945 Present Restructuring the Postwar World, 1945 Present Map Activity Define the following on a separate sheet of paper: Cold War, Brinkmanship, Détente, Containment, Communism, Capitalism, Democracy, Command Economy,

More information

VUS.13a. Postwar outcomes. Wars have political, economic, and social consequences.

VUS.13a. Postwar outcomes. Wars have political, economic, and social consequences. VUS.13a Postwar outcomes Wars have political, economic, and social consequences. Boundary Issues Map courtesy of: 1998 Cable News Network, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Divisions of Europe As the Soviets pushed

More information

USSR United Soviet Socialist Republic

USSR United Soviet Socialist Republic USSR United Soviet Socialist Republic United States Great Britain FDR Joseph Stalin Winston Churchill Truman Major Leaders of the War Franklin D. Roosevelt (Allied Power) U.S. President Elected in 1933

More information

Origins of the Cold War

Origins of the Cold War Origins of the Cold War Origins of the Cold War Ideological Differences Different philosophies/ideologies: Democratic Capitalism Marxist-Leninist Communism: Let the ruling class tremble Marx. Economic-Political

More information

Origins of the Cold War. A Chilly Power Point Presentation Brought to You by Ms. Shen

Origins of the Cold War. A Chilly Power Point Presentation Brought to You by Ms. Shen Origins of the Cold War A Chilly Power Point Presentation Brought to You by Ms. Shen What was the Cold War? The Cold War was a 40+ year long conflict between the U.S. and the Soviet Union that started

More information

Standard Standard

Standard Standard Standard 10.8.4 Describe the political, diplomatic, and military leaders during the war (e.g. Winston Churchill, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Emperor Hirohito, Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, Joseph Stalin,

More information

2. The State Department asked the American Embassy in Moscow to explain Soviet behavior.

2. The State Department asked the American Embassy in Moscow to explain Soviet behavior. 1. The Americans become increasingly impatient with the Soviets. 2. The State Department asked the American Embassy in Moscow to explain Soviet behavior. 3. On February 22, 1946, George Kennan an American

More information

Today we will identify and examine the legislation, policies and events that begin the rivalry known as the Cold War

Today we will identify and examine the legislation, policies and events that begin the rivalry known as the Cold War Today we will identify and examine the legislation, policies and events that begin the rivalry known as the Cold War Thought for the day: Courage is what it takes to stand up and speak; courage is also

More information

The Legacies of WWII

The Legacies of WWII The Cold War The Legacies of WWII WWI might have been the war to end all wars but it was WWII that shifted the psyche of humanity. The costs of total war were simply too high 55 million dead worldwide

More information

The Cold War US vs. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Democracy vs. Communism Capitalism vs. Socialism

The Cold War US vs. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Democracy vs. Communism Capitalism vs. Socialism The Cold War 1945-1991 US vs. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Democracy vs. Communism Capitalism vs. Socialism US/USSR Relationship during WWII 1939: Stalin (USSR) makes a deal with Hitler (Germany).

More information

Introduction to the Cold War

Introduction to the Cold War Introduction to the Cold War What is the Cold War? The Cold War is the conflict that existed between the United States and Soviet Union from 1945 to 1991. It is called cold because the two sides never

More information

Early Cold War

Early Cold War Early Cold War 1945-1972 Capitalism vs. Communism Capitalism Communism Free-Market Economy Upper, Middle and Working Class North Atlantic Treaty Organization Government Controlled Economy Classless Society

More information

The Cold War Begins. After WWII

The Cold War Begins. After WWII The Cold War Begins After WWII After WWII the US and the USSR emerged as the world s two. Although allies during WWII distrust between the communist USSR and the democratic US led to the. Cold War tension

More information

Allied vs Axis. Allies Great Britain France USSR US (1941) Axis Germany Japan Italy

Allied vs Axis. Allies Great Britain France USSR US (1941) Axis Germany Japan Italy Allied vs Axis Allies Great Britain France USSR US (1941) Axis Germany Japan Italy Who became dictator in Italy in the 1920s? Mussolini What does totalitarian mean? Governtment has control over private

More information

Origins of the Cold War & The 8 Steps to the division of Europe I. Breakdown of the Grand Alliance A. With the Nazi attack of the USSR in June 41,

Origins of the Cold War & The 8 Steps to the division of Europe I. Breakdown of the Grand Alliance A. With the Nazi attack of the USSR in June 41, Origins of the Cold War & The 8 Steps to the division of Europe I. Breakdown of the Grand Alliance A. With the Nazi attack of the USSR in June 41, both the Brits and Americans sent aid to Russia creating

More information

Divided into 4 zones of occupation; Berlin also divided

Divided into 4 zones of occupation; Berlin also divided Cold War 1945-1989 Germany Divided into 4 zones of occupation; Berlin also divided Japan Occupied by U.S. troops Demilitarized Industries re-built with modern machinery Divided into 2 zones of occupation

More information

In this 1938 event, the Nazis attacked Jewish synagogues and businesses and beat up and arrested many Jews.

In this 1938 event, the Nazis attacked Jewish synagogues and businesses and beat up and arrested many Jews. 1 In this 1938 event, the Nazis attacked Jewish synagogues and businesses and beat up and arrested many Jews. 1 Kristallnacht ( Night of Broken Glass ) 2 This 1934 event resulted in Hitler s destruction

More information

Results of World War II Crossword

Results of World War II Crossword Name Date Period Chapter 27 Results of World War II Crossword Workbook 107 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Across 1) country that became a superpower after World War II 3) these people were killed

More information

Chapter 37: The Cold War Begins As you read, take notes using this guide. The most significant names/terms are highlighted.

Chapter 37: The Cold War Begins As you read, take notes using this guide. The most significant names/terms are highlighted. Chapter 37: The Cold War Begins 1945-1952 As you read, take notes using this guide. The most significant names/terms are highlighted. Unit Introduction (pp. 856 857) The authors here summarize the formative

More information

World War II. Benito Mussolini Adolf Hitler Fascism Nazi. Joseph Stalin Axis Powers Appeasement Blitzkrieg

World War II. Benito Mussolini Adolf Hitler Fascism Nazi. Joseph Stalin Axis Powers Appeasement Blitzkrieg Mr. Martin U.S. History Name: Date: Block: World War II The effects of World War I and the Great Depression touched almost every corner of the world. In some countries, these upheavals led to the rise

More information

World War II: The Home Front. America Responds to War

World War II: The Home Front. America Responds to War World War II: The Home Front America Responds to War Essential Questions In what ways and to what extent was World War II responsible for ending the Great Depression in America? To what extent did the

More information

Jeopardy Chapter 26. Sec. 3 Sec. 3 Sec. 3 Sec. 3 Sec. 3 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200

Jeopardy Chapter 26. Sec. 3 Sec. 3 Sec. 3 Sec. 3 Sec. 3 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Jeopardy Chapter 26 Sec. 3 Sec. 3 Sec. 3 Sec. 3 Sec. 3 Q $100 Q $200 Q $300 Q $400 Q $500 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Q $300 Q $300 Q $300 Q $300 Q $400 Q $400 Q $400 Q $400

More information

LESSON 1: YALTA, 1945 Student Handout 2: Soviet View

LESSON 1: YALTA, 1945 Student Handout 2: Soviet View LESSON 1: YALTA, 1945 Student Handout 2: Soviet View 1940 1950 1'5 Yalta Conference 1955 1960 - ~ - -- :? - -. You are Joseph Stalin, leader of the Soviet Union. t is February 1945, and you are meeting

More information

Post War Politics and the beginning of the Cold War and the East-West split. Morgan Fleming Mr. Beck IB History of the Americas February 15, 2017

Post War Politics and the beginning of the Cold War and the East-West split. Morgan Fleming Mr. Beck IB History of the Americas February 15, 2017 VIDEO STALIN POLICY Post War Politics and the beginning of the Cold War and the East-West split Morgan Fleming Mr. Beck IB History of the Americas February 15, 2017 Ending of WWII - WWII September 1, 1939-

More information

the Cold War The Cold War would dominate global affairs from 1945 until the breakup of the USSR in 1991

the Cold War The Cold War would dominate global affairs from 1945 until the breakup of the USSR in 1991 U.S vs. U.S.S.R. ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR After being Allies during WWII, the U.S. and U.S.S.R. soon viewed each other with increasing suspicion Their political differences created a climate of icy tension

More information

D. Why did the end of the Second World War have an effect on starting a different kind of world conflict the Cold War?

D. Why did the end of the Second World War have an effect on starting a different kind of world conflict the Cold War? . Why did the end of the Second World War have an effect on starting a different kind of world conflict the Cold War? When World War II ended, the USA and the USSR were clearly the superpowers of the world,

More information

Origins of the Cold War. A Chilly Power Point Presentation Brought to You by Ms. Shen

Origins of the Cold War. A Chilly Power Point Presentation Brought to You by Ms. Shen Origins of the Cold War A Chilly Power Point Presentation Brought to You by Ms. Shen What was the Cold War? The Cold War was a 40+ year long conflict between the U.S. and the Soviet Union that started

More information

EOC Preparation: WWII and the Early Cold War Era

EOC Preparation: WWII and the Early Cold War Era EOC Preparation: WWII and the Early Cold War Era WWII Begins Adolf Hitler and Nazi Party were elected to power and took over the German government Hitler held a strict rule over Germany and set his sights

More information

Origins of the Cold War

Origins of the Cold War Origins of the Cold War From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an "iron curtain" has descended across the continent. Behind that line lie all the capitals of the ancient states of Central

More information

LESSON OBJECTIVE. 1.) ANALYZE the effectiveness & morality of the British Royal Air Force bombing of German civilians

LESSON OBJECTIVE. 1.) ANALYZE the effectiveness & morality of the British Royal Air Force bombing of German civilians NAME: BLOCK: - CENTRAL HISTORICAL QUESTION - THE ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR: WHO IS PRIMARILY RESPONSIBLE FOR STARTING THE COLD WAR: THE U.S. OR S.U.? Pictured: Then-former British Prime Minster Winston Churchill

More information

The Cold War

The Cold War The Cold War 1945-1989 What is the Cold War It was an intense rivalry between the United States and Russia between West and East and between capitalism and communism that dominated the years following

More information

From D-Day to Doomsday Part A - Foreign

From D-Day to Doomsday Part A - Foreign UNIT 4 : 1930-1960 From D-Day to Doomsday Part A - Foreign World War I Unresolved Treaty of Versailles increases German nationalism Hitler violates treaty to re-militarize League of Nations has no way

More information

World War II ( ) Lesson 2 Americans Debate Involvement

World War II ( ) Lesson 2 Americans Debate Involvement World War II (1931-1945) Lesson 2 Americans Debate Involvement World War II (1931-1945) Lesson 2 Americans Debate Involvement Learning Objectives Understand the course of the early years of World War II

More information

Cold War Conflicts Chapter 26

Cold War Conflicts Chapter 26 Cold War Conflicts Chapter 26 Former Allies Clash After World War II the US and the Soviets had very different goals for the future. Under Soviet communism the state controlled all property and economic

More information

Unit 6 Benchmark Study Guide

Unit 6 Benchmark Study Guide Unit 6 Benchmark Study Guide Name Period # Date Directions: Use the textbook to answer the questions below. Many of these questions are directly correlated with the benchmark test that you must pass to

More information

HEATING UP, COOLING DOWN... 9 VIETNAM... 17

HEATING UP, COOLING DOWN... 9 VIETNAM... 17 HISTORY & GEOGRAPHY 809 COLD WAR AMERICA 1945 1990 CONTENTS I. HOT OR COLD?......................... 3 ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR........................... 4 HEATING UP, COOLING DOWN.........................

More information

Write 3 words you think of when you hear Cold War? THE COLD WAR ( )

Write 3 words you think of when you hear Cold War? THE COLD WAR ( ) THE Write 3 words you think of when you hear Cold War? COLD WAR (1948-1989) ORIGINS of the Cold War: (1945-1948) Tension or rivalry but NO FIGHTING between the United States and the Soviet Union This rivalry

More information

Joint Communique On Crimea Conference

Joint Communique On Crimea Conference Joint Communique On Crimea Conference Winston Churchill, Franklin Roosevelt, Joseph Stalin United Nations Review February 12, 1945 The following statement is made by the Prime Minister of Great Britain,

More information

THE COLD WAR ( )

THE COLD WAR ( ) THE COLD WAR (1948-1989) ORIGINS of the Cold War: (1945-1948) Tension or rivalry but NO FIGHTING between the United States and the Soviet Union This rivalry divided the world into two teams (capitalism

More information

W.W.II Part 2. Chapter 25

W.W.II Part 2. Chapter 25 W.W.II Part 2 Chapter 25 Warm-Up 4/12/2018 What battles were the turning points of W.W.II? In Europe? In the Pacific? I. Europe first (U.S. strategy) A. U.S. and G. Britain attacked Germans in North Africa

More information

Example Student Essays for: Assess the reasons for the Breakdown of the Grand Alliance

Example Student Essays for: Assess the reasons for the Breakdown of the Grand Alliance Example Student Essays for: Assess the reasons for the Breakdown of the Grand Alliance Table of Contents 1. Student Essay 1.2 2. Student Essay 2.5 3. Student Essay 3.8 Rubric 1 History Essay Access the

More information

Origins of the Cold War,

Origins of the Cold War, Origins of the Cold War, 1945-1949 Why did the USA and USSR, allies who defeated and solved the problem of Germany, become the bitter enemies of the Cold War era and what did it mean for their respective

More information

4/8/2014. Other Clashes Loss of Trust: The Fate of Eastern European Nations

4/8/2014. Other Clashes Loss of Trust: The Fate of Eastern European Nations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 The Cold War 1945-1960 The war that wasn t really a war at all. The American Presidents Part 1- The Origins Review: The Yalta Conference February 1945 Players: FDR/Churchill/Stalin USSR pledges

More information

Post-War Germany under Allied Occupation

Post-War Germany under Allied Occupation 46 02200 Sieger und Besiegte im Nachkriegsdeutschland Seite 1/5 Post-War Germany under Allied Occupation 1945-1949 This war is not like it was in the past. Whoever occupies a territory also imposes his

More information

Unit 11: The Cold War B A T T L E O F T H E S U P E R P O W E R S :

Unit 11: The Cold War B A T T L E O F T H E S U P E R P O W E R S : Unit 11: The Cold War B A T T L E O F T H E S U P E R P O W E R S : 1 9 4 6-1 9 9 1 Textbook Help Remember your textbook has a lot of extra information that can really help you learn more about the Cold

More information

Cold War ( conflict, with no fighting, between USA/Democracy and Soviet Union/Russia/ Communism

Cold War ( conflict, with no fighting, between USA/Democracy and Soviet Union/Russia/ Communism Cold War (1945-1991- conflict, with no fighting, between USA/Democracy and Soviet Union/Russia/ Communism 1) Define the Cold War and identify one reasons why the two nations mistrusted each other. 2) Analyze

More information

Unit 7: The Cold War

Unit 7: The Cold War Unit 7: The Cold War Standard 7-5 Goal: The student will demonstrate an understanding of international developments during the Cold War era. Vocabulary 7-5.1 OCCUPIED 7-5.2 UNITED NATIONS NORTH ATLANTIC

More information

Introducing Foundation Edexcel GCSE (9 1) History

Introducing Foundation Edexcel GCSE (9 1) History SAMPLE CHAPTER Introducing Foundation Edexcel GCSE (9 1) History Why have you made foundation books when there is no foundation exam? The original textbooks we made in 2016 to cover the new Edexcel GCSE

More information

Analyze the political cartoon by writing:

Analyze the political cartoon by writing: Bellringer Analyze the political cartoon by writing: 1. Title (make one up of there isn t one): 2. Important Words: 3. Symbols: 4. Action: 5. Message: The Cold War Day 1 Ms. Luco IB Hist Americas Yr 1

More information

SET UP YOUR NEW (LAST!) TOC

SET UP YOUR NEW (LAST!) TOC SET UP YOUR NEW (LAST!) TOC DIVIDE THE BERLIN AIRLIFT & UNITED NATIONS BOX IN HALF AS SHOWN BELOW Learning Goal 1: Describe the causes and effects of the Cold War and explain how the Korean War, Vietnam

More information

5/24/18. Moscow & Leningrad

5/24/18. Moscow & Leningrad The asoviets defeated Meanwhile, The Soviet the victory Soviet at Stalingrad army was turning pointthe in at thetowards Battle of stopped World War theiigerman becauseattack the Russians at German beganarmy

More information

Russian History. Lecture #1 Ancient History The Romanov s

Russian History. Lecture #1 Ancient History The Romanov s Russian History Lecture #1 Ancient History The Romanov s Outline Russia Lecture #1 Ancient Russia Settlement of Russia Yaroslav the Wise Mongol Invasion of Russia Retaking Russia Ivan the Great Ivan the

More information

THE COLD WAR Part One Teachers Notes by Paul Latham

THE COLD WAR Part One Teachers Notes by Paul Latham THE COLD WAR Part One Teachers Notes by Paul Latham Notes also available on DVD disc as either a Word document or PDF file. Also available on the website. 1 2 The Cold War (Part 1) Teachers Notes ORIGINS

More information

What Challenges Did President Truman Face at Home in the Postwar Years?

What Challenges Did President Truman Face at Home in the Postwar Years? What Challenges Did President Truman Face at Home in the Postwar Years? LESSON 2 SECTION 29.2 Text pp. 527 531 Read What Challenges Did President Truman Face at Home in the Postwar Years? (pp. 527-531).

More information

Name Period Cold War Germany Divided into zones of occupation; also

Name Period Cold War Germany Divided into zones of occupation; also Name Period Cold War 1945-1989 Germany Divided into zones of occupation; also Japan by U.S. troops Industries re-built with modern Korea into zones of occupation (USSR and US) Boundary is parallel (38

More information

Alan Brinkley, AMERICAN HISTORY 13/e. Chapter Twenty-seven: The Cold War

Alan Brinkley, AMERICAN HISTORY 13/e. Chapter Twenty-seven: The Cold War Alan Brinkley, AMERICAN HISTORY 13/e Origins of the Cold War Sources of Soviet-American Tension America s Postwar Vision Spheres of Influence Satellite Nations Eastern Europe 2 Origins of the Cold War

More information