Name Period Cold War Germany Divided into zones of occupation; also

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1 Name Period Cold War Germany Divided into zones of occupation; also Japan by U.S. troops Industries re-built with modern Korea into zones of occupation (USSR and US) Boundary is parallel (38 North latitude) United Nations United Nations created by nations that met in 1945 in San Francisco The United Nations is a organization which pledged to save succeeding generations free from the scourge of war. Marshall Plan Marshall Plan gave money to rebuild European and industries ($13 billion) Marshall Plan also offered to the Soviet Union, Stalin for entire Soviet Bloc countries. Creation of Israel Israel created by as a homeland for the Jews Israel is created in Resulted in with the who lived there. Became independent in ; Attacked by neighboring countries THE!

2 The relationship between the Soviet Union and the United States We did not Trust the Stalin didn t trust We became concerned about the of Communism Stalin stated that should be spread to other nations Didn t allow occupied parts of Germany and Korea to hold free (they became East Germany and North Korea United States Establishes a Policy of Containment. U.S. forms a policy of containment measures to prevent the spread of communism The Doctrine, Marshall Plan and are the three pillars of containment. Countries of Eastern Europe became known as the Curtain countries Bloc Soviet satellite countries The Iron Curtain became a heavily fortified border through Europe The Iron Curtain took physical form in the shape of border defenses between the countries of the and blocs. Iron Curtain in Germany The actual borderline was marked by posts and signs and was overlooked by numerous set behind the barrier. In some places a "death strip" was constructed on the East German side of the barrier, in which unauthorized access would be met with.

3 Berlin Blockade USSR s attempted to stop France, Britain, and the U.S. from combining their zones in Germany into the country of West Germany. USSR cut off routes and of West Berlin. USSR halted all going into Berlin via ground transportation. Berlin Airlift U.S. and Britain all food and supplies into Berlin called the Berlin. Airlift continued for 321 days; 272,000 flights were flown into West Berlin. Lasted from June, 1948 to May 1949-Ended when Stalin realized the blockade was a. The world is divided into The Democratic World: Western Europe Japan Austrailia Communist World: Soviet Bloc China North Korea later Cuba

4 Policy of Containment Truman Doctrine The United States will provide and aid to stop the spread of communism to other nations. (Policy of Containment) North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) military alliance to all members from attack; included United States, Canada, and Western European nations. It was a to the Berlin Blockade. Warsaw Pact alliance of USSR and European satellite nations formed in to NATO Allowed troops to be stationed in each member country. The armies of the member countries were under control of the. Countries involved included Albania, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Germany, Hungary, Romania, Poland, and the Soviet Union Bottom Line. Democracy vs. (political) Communism vs. (economic) Superpower (US) vs. Superpower (USSR) Eastern Europe vs. Western Europe North Korea vs. South Korea Republic of China (Taiwan) vs. Peoples Republic of China (Mainland China) Cuba vs. United States North Vietnam vs. South Vietnam The Cold War. The hostility that grew out of this and between the United States and the Soviet Union.

5 began immediately after World War II ended and continued until the fall of the Soviet Union in the early Causes of Cold War. Mutual distrust between United States and USSR communists hoped for world-wide Stalin s refusal to allow self-government in Eastern Europe and North Korea Communists took over Mao Zedong 1940 Effects of Cold War Doctrine giving to nations to keep them from coming under communist control Policy of restricting communism to where it currently existed CIA In January, 1946, Truman established the Central Intelligence Agency. CIA gather information in foreign countries. During the Cold War the CIA began to carry out covert, or secret, operations to weaken or governments unfriendly to the United States.

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