In this 1938 event, the Nazis attacked Jewish synagogues and businesses and beat up and arrested many Jews.

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2 1 In this 1938 event, the Nazis attacked Jewish synagogues and businesses and beat up and arrested many Jews.

3 1 Kristallnacht ( Night of Broken Glass )

4 2 This 1934 event resulted in Hitler s destruction of the S.A. (at the request of the German military).

5 2 Night of Long Knives

6 3 This idea from Mein Kampf called for Germany to conquer lands in eastern Europe to expand Germany s empire.

7 3 lebensraum ( living space )

8 4 These laws gave Hitler dictatorial power in Germany beginning in 1934.

9 4 Enabling Acts

10 5 These laws, beginning in 1935, stripped Jews of their citizenship and severely discriminated against all Jewish people.

11 5 Nuremburg Laws

12 6 Lenin oppressed his opponents through the use of this secret police organization.

13 6 Cheka

14 7 This leader of the Red Army had more philosophically in common with Lenin than did Stalin.

15 7 Leon Trotsky

16 8 In order to catch up to the West industrially, Stalin instituted the first of these in 1928.

17 8 Five-Year Plans

18 9 This was Stalin s program to communize the countryside and increase agricultural productivity.

19 9 collectivization

20 10 Millions of Soviet citizens died in these Soviet camps.

21 10 gulags

22 11 This battle was the turning point of the war in Eastern Europe.

23 11 Stalingrad

24 12 This June, 1944 battle was the turning point of the war in western Europe.

25 12 D-Day (Allied invasion of Normandy)

26 13 This 1945 war-time conference stated that Germany would be divided into four zones and that a United Nations would be created.

27 13 Yalta Conference

28 14 This August, 1939 agreement opened the way for Germany s invasion of Poland and the division of that country with the USSR.

29 14 German-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact

30 15 This 1938 conference represented the height of appeasement and gave part of Czechoslovakia to Germany.

31 15 Munich Conference

32 16 This economic catastrophe of the late 20s and early 30s became a major cause for the rise of fascism in Germany and Japan.

33 16 Great Depression

34 17 This international organization failed in its mission of collective security to prevent another World War.

35 17 League of Nations

36 18 Germany reoccupied this German region in 1936 in direct violation of the Versailles Treaty.

37 18 Rhineland

38 19 This German term refers to Germany s annexation of Austria in 1938.

39 19 Anschluss

40 20 This Nazi death camp in Poland is the most notorious as nearly one million Jews died there.

41 20 Auschwitz

42 21 Prior to the construction of death camps, Jews were herded into these sealed districts in Polish cities.

43 21 What are ghettos?

44 22 This 1941 meeting resulted in the Final Solution to the Jewish question.

45 22 Wannsee Conference

46 23 In 1935, Mussolini ordered the invasion of this African nation as payback for a pre-wwi defeat.

47 23 Ethiopia

48 24 In this 1929 deal, Mussolini gave the Vatican sovereignty while the pope agreed to stay largely out of Italy s political matters.

49 24 Lateran Pact

50 25 This 1933 event in Germany gave Hitler an excuse to destroy the communist party and arrest its leaders.

51 25 Reichstag fire

52 26 This member of Hitler s inner circle was the Nazi propaganda minister who was determined to make the Führer look like a god.

53 26 Joseph Goebbels

54 27 This member of Hitler s inner circle eventually became the leader of the German Luftwaffe (air force).

55 27 Hermann Göring

56 28 These relatively wealthy peasants became targets of Stalin s wrath as they resisted collectivization.

57 28 Kulaks

58 29 This city became the new capital of Russia after the Russian Revolution.

59 29 Moscow

60 30 Stalin conquered these three Baltic states shortly after the beginning of World War II.

61 30 Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania

62 31 This technological innovation enabled the Royal Air Force s victory over the Luftwaffe during the Battle of Britain.

63 31 radar

64 32 This new type of German warfare in WWII allowed it to defeat its enemies quickly.

65 32 blitzkrieg

66 33 The Allies founded this international organization in 1945 in the hopes of promoting peace after World War II.

67 33 United Nations

68 34 Marshal Henri-Philippe Pétain headed this new puppet state in the German empire beginning in 1940.

69 34 Vichy France

70 35 This 1941 document proclaimed the Allies would not fight for territorial conquest but rather to promote peace through a new international organization.

71 35 Atlantic Charter

72 36 The United States entered World War II when Japan attacked this target.

73 36 Pearl Harbor, Hawaii

74 37 On August 6, 1945, the United States dropped the first atomic bomb on this Japanese city.

75 37 Hiroshima

76 38 This 1942 battle was the turning point of the war in the Pacific.

77 38 Midway

78 39 This American strategy in the Pacific war saw U.S. forces conquer strategic islands northwards toward Japan.

79 39 Island Hopping

80 40 This July 1945 wartime conference of the Big Three established that Germany would be de-nazified while it demanded unconditional surrender from Japan.

81 40 Potsdam Conference

82 41 This fascist rebel took control of Spain in the mid-1930s with the military aid of Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy.

83 41 Francisco Franco

84 42 This general became the leader of the Free French after France was defeated in June, 1940.

85 42 Charles de Gaulle

86 43 This 1928 peace agreement proclaimed war is illegal, thus giving Europeans a false sense of security.

87 43 Kellogg-Briand Pact

88 44 This 1940 pact created a military alliance between Germany, Italy, and Japan: they became known as the Axis Powers

89 44 Tripartite Pact

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