2 Standards SS5H7 The student will discuss the origins and consequences of the Cold War. a. Explain the origin and meaning of the term Iron Curtain. b. Explain how the United States sought to stop the spread of communism through the Berlin airlift, the Korean War, and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. c. Identify Joseph McCarthy and Nikita Khrushchev.
3 In 1939, the Soviet Union signed an agreement with Germany-- no more fighting. In 1941, 3 million German soldiers attacked the Soviet Union; millions of Soviets died or were captured. o Harsh weather was on the Soviet s side In 1945, Soviet troops captured Berlin, the capital of Germany.
4 After WWII, Soviets did not leave the Eastern European countries that they freed. Instead, they tried to make the countries become communist. o Western Europe and America were alarmed by Soviet advances in Eastern Europe. Many Europeans and Americans believed that the communists were trying to take over the world! In March 1946, Winston Churchill warns of the Iron Curtain of Soviet totalitarianism.
6 The Soviets managed to set up communist governments throughout Eastern Europe. The government outlawed political parties or newspapers that opposed the communists. The Soviets jailed or killed some political opponents. The Soviets rigged elections to ensure the success of communists.
9 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill attacked the Soviet Union for creating an Iron Curtain. o The term reflected Churchill s belief that communism had created a sharp division in Europe. Soviet Dictator Joseph Stalin believed that the Iron Curtain was necessary to protect the Soviet Union from western attacks. o He also used this as an excuse to rebuild the military.
10 From Stettin in the Balkans, to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the Continent. Behind that line lies the ancient capitals of Central and Eastern Europe. ~Sir Winston Churchill, 1946
12 1945 was the beginning of a long period of distrust & misunderstanding between the Soviet Union and its former allies in the West (particularly the US). Soviet Union believed that a powerful central government should control the economy as well as the government. US believed that businesses should be privately owned.
13 There was a lot of tension between the U.S. and the Soviet Union. Many feared the rivalry between Democracy and Communism would lead to a nuclear war. They called this tension a Cold War because neither side ever fired a shot. However, the threat of nuclear war left many feeling nervous.
14 Each side thought the other was trying to rule the world. Neither side would give up, and people lived in fear that another world war would erupt. This time it could be a nuclear war, which could destroy the entire planet.
16 The US and USSR had the ability to influence world events and project worldwide power. As the Cold War continued, more countries allied with each side. They formed alliances to protect themselves.
18 In 1949, Western European countries, Canada, & US formed the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Each nation in NATO believed the Soviet Union would not attack western Europe if the U.S. would launch nuclear war in return.
21 At the end of WWII, the Allies divided Germany into 4 sections to keep it from regaining power. US, Great Britain, France, & Soviet Union each controlled a section. In 1948, the Western Allies wanted to reunite Germany, but the Soviets disagreed. The Soviet section became East Germany and the reunited sections became West Germany.
23 During the Cold war, there were many hot spots (areas of extreme tension). o The earliest hot spot was Berlin. The Soviets controlled the eastern part of Germany, the western countries controlled the western part of Germany. The capital, Berlin, deep within Soviet-controlled territory, was also divided into four occupation zones.
25 In June 1948, the Soviets blockaded all land and water traffic into western Berlin hoping to make Britain, France, and America leave the city. (Remember Berlin was in East Germany which the USSR occupied.) In response, the United States and Great Britain began an airlift
27 What s an airlift? o A system of carrying supplies into East Berlin by plane day and night. British and American pilots flew in tons of food, fuel, and raw materials. How long did it last? o 11 months
31 The airlift is over now what? Germany officially becomes two countries with two governments. Bonn becomes the capital of West Germany. East Berlin becomes the capital of East Germany. West Berlin remains a democratic stronghold, surrounded by communism.
32 After World War II, Japanese-occupied Korea was temporarily divided into northern and southern parts. The Soviet Union controlled Korea north of the 38 th parallel and established a communist government. The United States would be in charge of Korea south of the 38 th parallel and promoted a democratic system.
33 In 1950, Kim Il Sung, the leader of North Korea, sent his powerful army into South Korea. South Korea was where the United States had to take a stand against Communist aggression. US President Harry Truman ordered American naval and air forces to support Korean ground troops, and asked the United Nations to approve the use of force to stop the North Korean invasion.
34 The United Nations responded quickly, imposing military sanctions. The U.S. and 19 other nations committed troops to the area. Despite initial heavy losses, the combined UN forces finally began to win. The situation changed when US General Douglas MacArthur disobeyed orders to stay in South Korea.
35 Kim Il-Sung 2014 Brain Wrinkles Syngman Rhee
36 Going beyond the 38 th parallel into North Korea brought communist China s well-trained and well-equipped army into the war. When the fighting finally ended in 1953, no one was truly victorious. The 38th parallel dividing line remained intact.
39 South Korea remained free, so containment had worked. Korea was badly damaged, and many lives were lost. They are still two separate countries today. Reunification talks have begun, but progress is very, very slow.
40 Many Americans worried that communism would take over the United States and dominate the world. Senator Joseph McCarthy spearheaded a communist hunt fueled by these fears throughout the U.S. His television appearances infected the nation with an anticommunist hysteria that ruined numerous lives from politicians to actors and writers.
41 Nikita Khrushchev was born in 1894 to a miner in Ukraine. He served as the First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from Khrushchev initiated the space program that launched Sputnik I. He had the idea of placing nuclear missiles in Cuba to restore the balance of power during the Cold War (which led to the Cuban Missile Crisis).
42 Khrushchev's goals were to overtake the United States in productivity and to help spread Communism throughout the world. Khrushchev was overthrown in After seven years of house arrest, he died in Moscow in 1971.
43 Premier Nikita Khrushchev About the capitalist states, it doesn't depend on you whether we (Soviet Union) exist. If you don't like us, don't accept our invitations, and don't invite us to come to see you. Whether you like it our not, history is on our side. We will bury you
44 Berliners hated living under communism. Luckily, West Berlin and freedom were just across the street. About 3 million people fled to West Berlin looking for political freedom and better lives. The East German government wanted it to stop.
45 In August 1961, East Germany built a 103 mile wall between East and West Berlin. Guarded by Soviet troops, it became a symbol of the split between western and eastern Europe.
50 Khrushchev & JFK meet to discuss Berlin and nuclear weapons. Khrushchev thinks that JFK is young, inexperienced, and can be pushed over.. Paris, 1961
52 Unfortunately for the Soviet regime, the economy did not grow. The government spent too much money on heavy industry, which often caused food shortages. By the 1980s, most Soviet people had lost faith in the communist system. They had no personal freedoms.
53 Soviet Union was spending tons of money putting down revolts, protecting its borders, and keeping up with the US in the arms race. In 1985, the economy was so unstable that Mikhail Gorbachev, head of USSR, reduced government control of business and increased the freedoms for all citizens.
54 Demonstrations by people prompted the government to remove border-crossing restrictions. When the announcement was made, East and West Berliners climbed the wall and celebrated. Citizens immediately began tearing down the wall. Nov. 9 th 1989: the Berlin Wall, a symbol of communism, was destroyed.
57 Shortly after the Berlin Wall fell, Germans voted to make the countries of East Germany and West Germany was reunited as one country (October 3, 1990). Today, Germany is a free democracy with a great economy.
58 After Germany was reunified, the Soviet republics that had once been separate countries began seeking their independence also. In 1991, Soviet Union was no more and the Cold War finally ends. Many countries were created; Russia was the largest.
Origins of the Cold War A Difference In Opinion 1945 was the beginning of a long period of distrust & misunderstanding between the Soviet Union and its former allies in the West (particularly the US) Soviet
THE COLD WAR (1948-1989) ORIGINS of the Cold War: (1945-1948) Tension or rivalry but NO FIGHTING between the United States and the Soviet Union This rivalry divided the world into two teams (capitalism
THE Write 3 words you think of when you hear Cold War? COLD WAR (1948-1989) ORIGINS of the Cold War: (1945-1948) Tension or rivalry but NO FIGHTING between the United States and the Soviet Union This rivalry
Beginnings of the Cold War Chapter 15 Section 1 Problems of Peace At the end of World War II, Germany was in ruins and had no government. Much of Europe was also in ruins. Problems of Peace Occupied Germany
COLD WAR 1945-1991 1. The Soviet Union drove the Germans back across Eastern Europe. 2. They occupied several countries along it s western border and considered them a necessary buffer or wall of protection
Name: Chapter 15 Section 1 Notes: Beginnings of the Cold War Problems of Peace At the end of World War II, government Much of was also in ruins was in ruins and had no At the, the Allies (Great Britain,
Cold War Unit EQ: How did social, economic, and political events influence the US during the Cold War era? Yalta Conference The Yalta Conference was held towards the end of World War II. During this time
Cold War VS Communism Soviet Union government State (government) controls everything Opposite of democracy and capitalism (USA) United Nations (UN) Started with 50 member countries Created to promote peace
EOC Test Preparation: The Cold War Era Conflict in Europe Following WWII, tensions were running high between western Allies and USSR US and Great Britain: Allies should not occupy territories they conquered
Unit 8 5th Grade Social Studies Cold War Study Guide Additional study material and review games are available at www.jonathanfeicht.com. are available at www.jonathanfeicht.com. Copyright 2015. For single
Journal # 11 04/30/15 Objective: Students will utilize various resources to identify, compare/contrast, and evaluate the origins, development and effects of the Cold War. Agenda: Journal Cold War PPT Guided
Origins of the Cold War From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an "iron curtain" has descended across the continent. Behind that line lie all the capitals of the ancient states of Central
Ch 25-1 The Iron Curtain Falls on Europe The Main Idea WWIII??? At the end of World War II, tensions between the Soviet Union and the United States deepened, leading to an era known as the Cold War. Cold
WINNING the WAR / PLANNING the PEACE The Allies: US, England, USSR, and China Feb 1945 Yalta Conference: US-USSR-England GERMANY must agree to UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER Germany will be divided into 4 parts
Cold War Conflicts Chapter 26 Former Allies Clash After World War II the US and the Soviets had very different goals for the future. Under Soviet communism the state controlled all property and economic
AIM: Explain the conflict between the two superpowers that led to the Cold War. Expansion of Communism Stalin agreed to allow free elections in Soviet occupied European countries. He did not fulfill his
DURING WWII THE US AND THE SOVIET UNION HAD JOINED FORCES AGAINST THE GERMANS BUT AFTER THE WAR, THEIR COMPETING POLITICAL PHILOSOPHIES WOULD LEAD TO NEARLY A HALF-CENTURY OF CONFLICT CALLED THE COLD WAR.
Chapter 17 Lesson 1: Two Superpowers Face Off Essential Question: Why did tension between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R increase after WWII? Post WWII Big Three meet in Yalta Divide Germany into 4 zones (U.S.,
Europe and North America Section 1 Europe and North America Section 1 Click the icon to play Listen to History audio. Click the icon below to connect to the Interactive Maps. Europe and North America Section
Early Cold War 1945-1972 Capitalism vs. Communism Capitalism Communism Free-Market Economy Upper, Middle and Working Class North Atlantic Treaty Organization Government Controlled Economy Classless Society
U.S vs. U.S.S.R. ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR After being Allies during WWII, the U.S. and U.S.S.R. soon viewed each other with increasing suspicion Their political differences created a climate of icy tension
1. What was the goal of the Marshall Plan? A. to provide aid to European countries damaged by World War II B. to protect member nations against Soviet Union aggression C. to protect the United States economically
The Cold War The end of WWII caused major changes: 1. Europe is no longer the world s dominant power The USA and the USSR have become superpowers. 2. The world has entered...the nuclear age Tension was
The Cold War TOWARD A GLOBAL COMMUNITY (1900 PRESENT) Throughout WWII the U.S. and the Soviet Union began to view each other with increasing suspicion. He s a commie, and once made an alliance with Hitler...
The Cold War Origins - Korean War What is a Cold War? WW II left two nations of almost equal strength but differing goals Cold War A struggle over political differences carried on by means short of direct
The Americans (Survey) Chapter 26: TELESCOPING THE TIMES Cold War Conflicts CHAPTER OVERVIEW After World War II, tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union lead to a war without direct military
The Cold War Begins After WWII After WWII the US and the USSR emerged as the world s two. Although allies during WWII distrust between the communist USSR and the democratic US led to the. Cold War tension
What Challenges Did President Truman Face at Home in the Postwar Years? LESSON 2 SECTION 29.2 Text pp. 527 531 Read What Challenges Did President Truman Face at Home in the Postwar Years? (pp. 527-531).
Unit 7: The Cold War Standard 7-5 Goal: The student will demonstrate an understanding of international developments during the Cold War era. Vocabulary 7-5.1 OCCUPIED 7-5.2 UNITED NATIONS NORTH ATLANTIC
Chapter 18: Cold War Conflicts Section 1: Origins of the Cold War United Nations Satellite Nation Containment Iron Curtain Cold War Truman Doctrine Marshall Plan Berlin Airlift North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Russian History Lecture #1 Ancient History The Romanov s Outline Russia Lecture #1 Ancient Russia Settlement of Russia Yaroslav the Wise Mongol Invasion of Russia Retaking Russia Ivan the Great Ivan the
SS7H3e Standards SS7H3 The student will analyze continuity and change in Southern and Eastern Asia leading to the 21st century. e. Explain the reasons for foreign involvement in Korea and Vietnam in terms
4.2.2 Korea, Cuba, Vietnam Causes, Events and Results This section will illustrate the extent of the Cold War outside of Europe & its impact on international affairs Our focus will be to analyze the causes
SS6H7B The Holocaust As part of Hitler s plan to conquer the world, he began the systematic killing of every Jew-man, woman, or child under Nazi rule The Nazis imprisoned Jews in certain sections of cities,
COLD WAR ORIGINS U.S vs. U.S.S.R. Democ./Cap vs Comm. Section One: Objectives By the end, I will be able to: 1. Explain the breakdown in relations between the United States and the Soviet Union after World
Chapter 25 Cold War America, 1945-1963 APUSH Mr. Muller Aim: How does the U.S. and U.S.S.R. go from allies to rivals? Do Now: Communism holds that the world is so deeply divided into opposing classes that
Today we will identify and examine the legislation, policies and events that begin the rivalry known as the Cold War Thought for the day: Courage is what it takes to stand up and speak; courage is also
VS. THE COLD WAR BEGINS 1945-1960 GEORGIA STANDARDS SSUSH20 The student will analyze the domestic and international impact of the Cold War on the United States. a. Describe the creation of the Marshall
Chapter 17-1 Two Superpowers Face Off Former Allies Diverge The Soviet Union Corrals Eastern Europe United States Counters Soviet Expansion The Cold War and a Divided World Former Allies Diverge Before
Restructuring the Postwar World, 1945 Present Map Activity Define the following on a separate sheet of paper: Cold War, Brinkmanship, Détente, Containment, Communism, Capitalism, Democracy, Command Economy,
The Cold War Chap. 18, 19 Cold War 1945-1991 Political and economic conflict between U.S. and USSR Not fought on battlefield U.S. Vs. USSR Democracy- free elections private ownership Free market former
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 The Cold War 1945-1960 The war that wasn t really a war at all. The American Presidents Part 1- The Origins Review: The Yalta Conference February 1945 Players: FDR/Churchill/Stalin USSR pledges
D-Day Gives the Allies a Foothold in Europe On June 6, 1944, Allied forces under U.S. general Dwight D. Eisenhower landed on the Normandy beaches in history s greatest naval invasion: D-Day. Within three
THE COLD WAR Learning Goal 1: Describe the causes and effects of the Cold War and explain how the Korean War, Vietnam War and the arms race were associated with the Cold War. RESULTS OF WWII RESULTS VE
The Cold War Begins The United Nations Chartered in April 1945 Replaced the League of Nations as a mediator for international disputes 50 nations joined initially (today, UN has 192 members) In the General
One war ends, another begins Communism comes from the word common, meaning to belong equally to more than one individual. The related word, commune is a place where people live together and share property
World History Chapter 23 Page 601-632 Reading Outline The Cold War Era: Iron Curtain: a phrased coined by Winston Churchill at the end of World War I when her foresaw of the impending danger Russia would
1. The Americans become increasingly impatient with the Soviets. 2. The State Department asked the American Embassy in Moscow to explain Soviet behavior. 3. On February 22, 1946, George Kennan an American
Cold War Era Cold War A war of words between countries. There is no actual fighting. Iron Curtain The term Winston Churchill used to describe the communist countries in Europe Yalta Conference a conference
America after WWII The 1946 through the 1950 s The United Nations In 1944 President Roosevelt began to think about what the world would be like after WWII He especially wanted to be sure that there would
SET UP YOUR NEW (LAST!) TOC DIVIDE THE BERLIN AIRLIFT & UNITED NATIONS BOX IN HALF AS SHOWN BELOW Learning Goal 1: Describe the causes and effects of the Cold War and explain how the Korean War, Vietnam
Name Date Period Chapter 27 Results of World War II Crossword Workbook 107 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Across 1) country that became a superpower after World War II 3) these people were killed
unit 4: The Cold War Vocabulary & Important People 1. Cold War: the state of political hostility that existed between the Soviet bloc countries and the US-led Western powers from 1945 to 1990. 2. Harry
PPT: Post WWII Tensions WWII ends Cold War begins USSR collapses Cold War ends 1945 1991 The Cold War: The U.S. and USSR never directly declare war on each other, but fight by other means and through other
CHAPTER TWENTY-FOUR: A DIVIDED WORLD: THE EARLY COLD WAR, 1945 1963 READING AND STUDY GUIDE I. Origins of the Cold War A. Differing Goals in the Postwar World B. The American Vision Takes Shape: Kennan
Economics, Government, & the Cold War Why do states cooperate with each other? ECONOMIC TERMS ASSOCIATED WITH POLITICS a. CAPITALISM Economic system where citizens own property & private businesses control
End of WWI and Early Cold War Why So Scary, Communism? It posed a direct threat to democracy and capitalism Struggle between US and USSR was political but battle between good and evil Democracy A system
THE COLD WAR Part One Teachers Notes by Paul Latham Notes also available on DVD disc as either a Word document or PDF file. Also available on the website. 1 2 The Cold War (Part 1) Teachers Notes ORIGINS
Chapter 28, Section 1: The Cold War Begins Main Idea: After WWII, distrust between the US & USSR led to the Cold War. The Cold War [1945-1991]: An Ideological Struggle US & the Western Democracies GOAL
BACKGROUND: why did the USA and USSR start to mistrust each other? The 2 sides were enemies long before they were allies in WWII. Relations had been bad since 1917 as Russia had become communist and the
Guided Reading Activity 27-1 DIRECTIONS: Recalling the Facts Use the information in your textbook to answer the questions. Use another sheet of paper if necessary. 1. Who were the Big Three leaders? 2.
Name: Period: Date: Teacher: World History Unit 08a and 08b: Global Conflicts & Issues 2012-2013_Edited Test Date: April 25, 2013 Suggested Duration: 1 class period This test is the property of TESCCC/CSCOPE
Chapter 17-1 Two Superpowers Face Off I) Former Allies Diverge II) The Soviet Union Corrals Eastern Europe III) United States Counters Soviet Expansion IV) The Cold War and a Divided World I) Former Allies
Unit 11: The Cold War B A T T L E O F T H E S U P E R P O W E R S : 1 9 4 6-1 9 9 1 Textbook Help Remember your textbook has a lot of extra information that can really help you learn more about the Cold
Cold War: Superpowers Face Off ALLIES BECOME ENEMIES What caused the Cold War? The United States and the Soviet Union were allies during World War II. In February 1945, they agreed to divide Germany into
The Cold War 1945-1990 Part I (1945-1960) US vs. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Democracy vs. Communism Capitalism vs. Socialism Ideas/Questions What was the cold war? Are we still seeing its echoes
THE EARLY COLD WAR YEARS US HISTORY Chapter 15 Section 2 THE EARLY COLD WAR YEARS CONTAINING COMMUNISM MAIN IDEA The Truman Doctrine offered aid to any nation resisting communism; The Marshal Plan aided
The Hot Days of the Cold War Brian Frydenborg History 321, Soviet Russia 3/18/02 On my honor, I have neither given nor received any unacknowledged aid on this paper. The origins of the cold war up to 1953
Opening: Standard 7 Review Answer the multiple-choice questions on pages 186-188 and 201-204. Correct answers we be counted as extra credit on your quiz. Standard USHC-7: The student will demonstrate an
Cold War: Super Powers Face Off ALLIES BECOME ENEMIES What caused the Cold War? The United States and the Soviet Union were allies during World War II. In February 1945, they agreed to divide Germany into
The Cold War Begins A Quick Review In 1917, there was a REVOLUTION in Russia And the Russian Tsar was overthrown and executed by communist revolutionaries led by Vladimir Lenin And NEW NATION The Union
The Atomic Age: Truman & Eisenhower Post-war Confidence and Anxiety 1945-1960 The International Impact of the Cold War Origins of the Cold War US President Harry Truman and Soviet Union dictator Joseph
Grade 9 Social Studies Chapter 8 Canada in the World The Cold War The Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States was a half century of military build-up, political manoeuvring for international
CHAPTER GUIDED READING Origins of the Cold War A. As you read this section, complete the cause-and-effect diagram with the specific U.S. actions made in response to the Soviet actions listed. Use the following
1) If I built a wall where Hw. 290 is, how would it affect your life? - You cannot cross this wall or you will be shot or imprisoned. - This wall continues to the borders of the United States, and surrounds
World War II convinced U.S. leaders that the policies of isolationism and appeasement had been mistakes. To counter the growing Soviet threat, they sought new ways to keep the U.S. safe and protect its
Cold War Tensions (Chapter 30 Quiz) What were the military and political consequences of the Cold War in the Soviet Union, Europe, and the United States? After World War II ended, the United States and