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1 SET UP YOUR NEW (LAST!) TOC

2 DIVIDE THE BERLIN AIRLIFT & UNITED NATIONS BOX IN HALF AS SHOWN BELOW

3 Learning Goal 1: Describe the causes and effects of the Cold War and explain how the Korean War, Vietnam War and the arms race were associated with the Cold War.

4 REMINDERS- RIGHT AFTER WWII JAPAN September 2, 1945 Japanese officially surrender US occupation Demilitarization Japan left with only a small police force, no military Creation of a new constitution Large land-holders were required to sell to small farmers (redistribution of wealth).

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6 RIGHT AFTER WWII EUROPE May 1945: End of WWII in Europe Rebuilding of cities and economies Relies heavily on American loans Many Jews emigrate Nuremberg Trials: Nazi Leaders are charged Crimes Against Humanity 12 sentenced to death by hanging Exposed the world to Nazi atrocities

7 RIGHT AFTER WWII USSR Stalin as harsh dictator Stalin imprisoning & executing enemies or suspected enemies Secret police everywhere Forced industrialization, collectivization, etc. Citizens unable to travel the West Forcing small ethnic groups to Siberia & exile Daily life difficult & dangerous for many Taking over parts of Eastern Europe & spreading communism

8 WHAT HAPPENED TO GERMANY?

9 THE DIVISION OF GERMANY Germany was occupied & divided into 4 Allied sectors Soviet British French American Later British, French, & Americans combined into West Germany City of Berlin (the capital city) in the Soviet sector was also divided among the 4 Allied winners

10 FILL IN YOUR MAP

11 WHICH COUNTRY DOES THE PINK TERRITORY BELONG TO?

12 THE BERLIN WALL Many people in East Germany wanted to escape to the democratic, capitalist West Soviets in East Germany built the Berlin Wall in 1961 to stop people from fleeing to West Berlin became a universal symbol of the Cold War Video link

13 BERLIN BY SATELLITE

14 THE BERLIN AIRLIFT Berlin Blockade: Soviets cut off land access to Berlin from the west Berlin Airlift: Western allies began flying in supplies to West Berlin around the clock for 11 months Kept West Berliners supplied, avoided another actual war Stalin lifted the blockade First major confrontation of the Cold War

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16 UNITED NATIONS June 1945 UN a replacement for the League of Nations Created to prevent large-scale war 1947: Creates Jewish state of Israel from Arab nation of Palestine 48 countries join Including the USA, USSR, France, China, Great Britain. Today how many?

17 USSR GOALS Encourage communism in other countries to lead a worldwide proletariat revolution Rebuild & control Eastern Europe Control (politically and economically) to keep the US from gaining too much power Wants a buffer zone as protection against aggression from the west (buffer = Germany) Defeat the US in an arms & space race Keep Germany divided to prevent another war.

18 USA GOALS Marshall Plan: US gave $$ billions to rebuild economies of Western European nations Build trade partnerships for US Gain access to raw materials available in eastern markets Encourage democracy in other countries to prevent the spread of communism Rebuild Europe create stability and new markets ($) Defeat the Soviet Union in an arms & space race

19 THE COLD WAR Communism (USSR) vs. Democracy (USA) Competing Ideologies A cause of Cold War! Political System Individual Rights Economic System Western Democracies Citizens elect leaders Citizens have the right to form political parties Basic civil rights Free speech Freedom of press Freedom of religion Economic freedom People & corporations can own land & businesses Goods & services provided for a profit Soviet Communism USSR dictatorship controlled by Communist Party The only political party allowed Citizens had few rights Censorship Secret police Religion discouraged No private property Govt. controls economy State-owned collective farms

20 THE IRON CURTAIN Imaginary division between democratic Western Europe, and the communist-controlled East. To the right of this line = Communism To the left = democracy Life behind the iron curtain: Very limited rights No free press Constant threat of arrest Paranoia (esp. during Stalin s reign until 1953) Gulag prison camps

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23 ARMS RACE USA & USSR each develop more destructive weapons, like ICBMs ICBMs =intercontinental ballistic missiles Nuclear proliferation spread of nuclear weapons (tech/info/materials) to nations not recognized as a weapon state Deterrents MAD: Mutually Assured Destruction Link: all nuclear explosions

24 Who will be the first to reach the moon? Sputnik USSR (1957) Apollo moon landing USA (1969) Video clip: Space Race Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty 1968 Objective: prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology Limits nuclear capabilities to China, Russia, US

25 NEXT UP: CONTAINMENT MINI-Q Tip: Read ALL the information provided for each Turn in when completed!

26 EXIT TICKET 1. What caused the Berlin Airlift? 2. Explain the policy of containment. 3. What are 2 effects of the Cold War that impact us today? 1. Think about what is happening in today s world, how we interact with countries that were involved in the Cold War, weapons, etc

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