Chapter Test. The Interwar Years. Form A

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1 Chapter Test Form A MULTIPLE CHOICE For each of the following, write the letter of the best choice in the space provided. 1. Which of the following helped convince many Indians to rid themselves of their British rulers? a. the Long March b. the Amritsar Massacre c. the Balfour Declaration d. the Pan-African Congress 2. What did Kemal Atatürk and Reza Shah Pahlavi have in common? a. Both fought against British colonial rule. b. Both honored the requests of the Allied Powers after World War I. c. Both wanted to make their nations modern and independent. d. Both sought to create religious nations. 3. How did President Franklin Delano Roosevelt propose to fight the Great Depression? a. with a government program known as the New Deal b. by increasing production of military weapons and equipment c. by buying up stocks at pre- October 1929 prices d. by heavily taxing exported goods 4. Which event caused many Japanese people to question their government s foreign policy with the West? a. The United States barred Japanese immigration. b. Japan lost territory as a result of the Treaty of Versailles. c. The Japanese military demanded final approval of all government decisions. d. China won several small skirmishes on the border with Korea. 5. The Nuremberg Laws differed from earlier anti-semitism because they a. allowed Jewish people to reclaim their citizenship if they renounced their faith. b. deported all Jews from Germany for the first time. c. defined a person as Jewish based on ancestry of grandparents, not religious beliefs. d. aimed at excluding Jews from mainstream life in Germany. Full Survey Chapter Progress Assessment

2 Chapter Test Form A PRACTICING SOCIAL STUDIES SKILLS Study the map below and answer the questions that follow. 6. What boundary served as the northern limit of Japanese military aggression? a. the Chinese boundary with Mongolia b. the Manchurian boundary with the Soviet Union c. the Taiwanese boundary with China d. the Korean boundary with China 7. How does the map help to explain Japan s lack of success in China? a. China was too far away for Japan to govern. b. Countries to the east of Japan were easier to conquer. c. China was too large for Japan to conquer. d. Japan did not need the land or resources of China. Full Survey Chapter Progress Assessment

3 Chapter Test Form A MATCHING In the space provided, write the letter of the term, person, or place that matches each description. Some answers will not be used. 8. Gave jobs to the unemployed, provided money for relief programs, and regulated the stock market and banking system 9. Anti-Jewish riots staged across Germany and Austria in November An agreement between Germany and Japan to oppose the spread of communism and defend one another in case of attack 11. Boomed during much of the 1920s 12. Argued that governments could limit or prevent economic downturns by spending money 13. System of labor camps used to punish those opposed to the Soviet policy of taking land from peasants 14. Carried out by the Japanese military in defiance of the government 15. Led the nationalist Guomindang party in China a. John Maynard Keynes b. Jiang Jieshi c. credit d. Gulag e. Mao Zedong f. Balfour Declaration g. Kristallnacht h. Benito Mussolini i. stock market j. Adolf Hitler k. New Deal l. Manchurian Incident m. Anti-Comintern Pact 16. Led the Chinese Communists 17. Founded the National Fascist Party in Italy FILL IN THE BLANK For each of the following statements, fill in the blank with the appropriate word, phrase, or name. 18. was known as Father of the Turks because he led in the creation of the Republic of Turkey. 19. Although many Africans fought for independence from European domination, only won independence during the interwar years. 20. Gandhi believed in two important concepts ahimsa, or non-violence, and. Full Survey Chapter Progress Assessment

4 Chapter Test Form A 21. On a day known as, investors in the U.S. stock market sold off 16 million shares. 22. The Japanese invaded and set up a new state in China called, in order to gain its rich natural resources. 23. Japanese troops killed as many as 300,000 Chinese men, women, and children in the. 24. An authoritarian form of government that places the good of the nation above all else is called. 25. A government attempts to control all aspects of political, social, and economic life. Full Survey Chapter Progress Assessment

5 Section Quiz Section 1 MATCHING In the space provided, write the letter of the term, person, or place that matches each description. Some answers will not be used. 1. Event that convinced many Indians that they must rid themselves of their British rulers 2. Nonviolence toward living things 3. Man who led 100,000 Communist supporters on a 6,000 mile trek 4. Nationalist party that joined with the Communists in opposing China s warlords 5. Ruler who wanted to make Iran a modern, independent nation 6. British proclamation of 1917 declaring support for a Jewish homeland in Palestine 7. Strikes and protests that swept China in 1919, demanding widespread change 8. Leader who came to be known as Father of the Turks 9. Indian lawyer who organized nonviolent protests against British policies a. May Fourth Movement b. Guomindang c. Jiang Jieshi d. Mao Zedong e. Amritsar Massacre f. Rowlatt Acts g. Mohandas Gandhi h. ahimsa i. Kemal Atatürk j. Husayn bin Ali k. Reza Shah Pahlavi l. Balfour Declaration m. Pan-African Congresses 10. Man who led Arab nationalists in seeking the creation of an independent Arab state Full Survey Chapter Progress Assessment

6 Section Quiz Section 2 TRUE/FALSE Mark each statement T if it is true or F if it is false. If false explain why. 1. In the United States during the 1920s, stock market prices were pushed higher as people borrowed money in order to buy the stocks. 2. President Hoover believed that the federal government should do more, not less, to regulate business affairs, as his policy decisions showed. 3. Under President Roosevelt s New Deal policies, the federal government s role in the lives of Americans greatly decreased. 4. British economist John Maynard Keynes believed that governments could limit or prevent economic downturns by spending money. 5. The Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act was designed to stimulate trade by encouraging Americans to buy imported goods. Full Survey Chapter Progress Assessment

7 Section Quiz Section 3 MULTIPLE CHOICE For each of the following, write the letter of the best choice in the space provided. 1. Which best describes Japanese industry in the years following World War I? a. Many industries experienced a slowdown. b. Japan s vast natural resources enabled the country to remain selfsufficient. c. The number of strikes and labor disputes decreased after the war. d. Japan s exports enabled the country to survive economically. 2. Which best describes the foreign policy of the Japanese civilian government after World War I? a. refusal to honor the requests of other nations b. tried to get other nations to turn against one another c. willing to cooperate with other nations d. only willing to compromise in dealing with other Asian nations 3. The nationalistic spirit in Japan after World War I can best be described as a. belief in a society devoted to the interests of the West. b. dedication to protecting the rights of individuals rather than the government. c. belief in a strong military and the glory of the nation. d. pride in the civilian government. 4. The Manchurian Incident occurred as a result of a. Japan s desire to gain natural resources and compete with large industrial nations. b. China s desire to get the United States involved in the conflict between China and Japan. c. Japan s desire to stop the Manchurian army from invading. d. Japan s attempt to solve the problem of widespread unemployment. 5. The Anti-Comintern Pact was an agreement between the nations of a. China and Japan. b. China and Germany. c. China and the United States. d. Japan and Germany. Full Survey Chapter Progress Assessment

8 Section Quiz Section 4 FILL IN THE BLANK For each of the following statements, fill in the blank with the appropriate word, phrase, or name. 1. In 1919, Benito Mussolini founded a political party based on, an authoritarian system that places the good of the nation above all else. 2. A government that practices attempts to control all aspects of life. 3. Mussolini s forces successfully invaded in Joseph Stalin s plans to modernize the economy reflected the Soviet system of, in which the government makes major decisions about the production of goods. 5. In the 1930s, Stalin began a campaign known as the, designed to get rid people or things considered undesirable, such as opponents of his rule. 6. Many starved to death after Stalin punished the republic for opposing collectivism. 7. Peasants who resisted Stalin s taking land from them were executed or sent to the in Siberia. 8. In 1933 Hitler was appointed to the position of, the most powerful post in the German government. 9. In 1935, the created a separate legal status for German Jews. 10. Anti-Jewish riots across Germany and Austria on the nights of November 9 and 10, 1938, came to be known as. Full Survey Chapter Progress Assessment

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