Treaty of Versailles

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2 Nationalism Treaty of Versailles fascism in Italy Militarism Major Causes of World War II Economic depression Appeasement Hitler and Expansion Japanese expansionism

3 Treaty of Versailles Map! The Treaty of Versailles punished Germany and the people were angry! Germany was forced to accept all the blame for the war and pay millions in reparations to Britain and France.

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5 Nationalism Treaty of Versailles fascism in Italy Militarism Major Causes of World War II Economic depression Appeasement Hitler and Expansion Japanese expansionism

6 The Fascism in Italy Benito Mussolini came to power in 1922 and helped found the political ideology of fascism. He sided with the Axis powers in 1940.

7 Nationalism Treaty of Versailles fascism in Italy Militarism Major Causes of World War II Economic depression Appeasement Hitler and Expansion Japanese expansionism

8 Worldwide Economic Depression 1930 s German breadlines! After WWI many European economies were unstable.! As economies plummeted and unemployment rose, many people turned to powerful leaders and governments who promised success through military buildup and the conquest of territory. Japanese children eating radish roots during famine

9 In Germany, depression, unemployment and hard times led to a dramatic increase in votes for Hitler and the Nazi Party. People were looking for help in desperate times. In 1932 the people chose the Nazi Party and Hitler to help them. Election date Votes in millions Share May 20, % September 14, % July 31, % November 6, % March 5, % Voting for Hitler s party increased as unemployment rates rose

10 Nationalism Treaty of Versailles fascism in Italy Militarism Major Causes of World War II Economic depression Appeasement Hitler and Expansion Japanese expansionism

11 Japanese Expansionism! Japan was experience a major depression which lead to political discontent.! Military was also upset with the leadership.! Pockets of Nationalist grew and worked to end democracy and have a military government.! Eventually they get a military leader Tojo Hideki

12 Japanese Expansionism! In 1931 Japan invaded Manchuria for raw materials called???! The same year, Japan began to attack China - the Sino-Japanese War.! Wanted to expand their influence 1940 Greater East Asia Co- Prosperity Sphere.

13 Nationalism Treaty of Versailles fascism in Italy Militarism Major Causes of World War II Economic depression Appeasement Hitler and Expansion Japanese expansionism

14 German Expansion Hitler's ideas Hitler had 2 main ideas: 1. Anschluss (union) Unite all people of German nationality 2. Lebensraum (living space) Create a German empire Following these ideas he begins to expand Hitler demanded that Austria form a political alliance with Germany Leader refused and Hitler marches his troops in and took over Hitler demands the Sudetenland an industrial region of Czech. Which had a large German population At the Munich Pact the leaders of France and Britain agreed to Hitler s demands if he did not do anything else.1938 Hitler got the Sudetenland. After taking the rest of Czech Germany he worried about the Soviet Union and signed a Non Aggression Pact with the Soviet Union, in it they agreement to divide Poland in half One week later Hitler invades Poland and the war begins.1939

15 Nationalism Treaty of Versailles fascism in Italy Militarism Major Causes of World War II Economic depression Appeasement Hitler and Expansion Japanese expansionism

16 Nationalism and Militarism Bring pride back to nations like Germany and Italy. Hitler s Youth Groups Hitler, Mussolini, and Japan s Tojo each touted their nation s ability to dominate all others in the years leading up to WWII. They also rearmed or strengthened their Militaries to show how great they were.

17 Theaters of War: Where WWII Was Fought Europe North Africa Asia Pacific Atlantic Ocean

18 India Do not worry about countries outside of Europe and Asia Brazil

19 Label Your Map Place the items underlined in Red or with a Red Star on your map. Then color Axis and Allied countries the same color. Your book has map on pages 572 p. 567 p. 577 p. 593 that may be helpful.

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23 Timeline of Events Using your notes create a time line of events leading up to WWII. Use your notes as your only guide.

Treaty of Versailles Rise of Italian fascism Rise of Hitler and the Nazi Party Great Depression Japanese expansionism Anti-communism Appeasement

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