U.S. History 2 - Final Exam Part 2

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1 Name: US History 2 - Final Exam Part 2 1) The Agricultural Adjustment Administration tried to help farmers by a) helping small farmers become more b) paying them not to grow crops efficient c) buying farm surpluses d) making land available for farming 2) Congress authorized the Farm Credit Administration to help farmers a) refinance their mortgages b) purchase new agricultural equipment c) sell land at a fair price d) increase production with new farming methods 3) Which of the following choices best completes the diagram about the historic political realignment triggered by the New Deal? a) white Southerners b) African Americans c) business leaders d) progressives 4) Senator Huey Long wanted the government to a) share the wealth of the rich b) balance the budget c) pay citizens over 60 a monthly pension d) stop interfering with business 5) Franklin Roosevelt's policies for ending the Depression became known as the a) fireside chats b) Glass-Steagall Act c) gold standard d) New Deal 6) Child labor was abolished by the a) Wagner Act b) Fair Labor Standards Act c) Social Security Act d) National Industrial Recovery Act

2 7) e Civil Works Administration 8) c Fair Labor Standards Act 9) f Social Security Act 10) d Securities Act 11) b Public Works Administration 12) a National Housing Act a) subsidized loans for builders willing to buy blocks of slums and build low-cost housing b) awarded contracts to construction companies to build highways, dams, schools, and other facilities c) established a 44-hour workweek for most workers d) required companies that sold stocks and bonds to provide complete and truthful information to investors e) hired workers directly, including thousands of women, to build or improve airports, roads, and playgrounds f) established for the elderly and unemployed workers 13) c Axis Powers 14) d Isolationism 15) b Mein Kampf 16) a Fascism 17) e Manchuria a) A type of aggressive nationalism b) Adolf Hitler's autobiography c) Germany, Italy, and Japan d) Idea that a country should focus on its own problems and avoid international commitments e) Resource-rich province of China invaded by the Japanese 18) Who was a fervent anti-communist and a great admirer of Benito Mussolini? a) Adolf Hitler b) Joseph Stalin c) Francisco Franco d) Vladimir Lenin 19) Many military officers in Japan believed Japan was destined to dominate a) North America b) South America c) East Asia d) Europe 20) In 1928 the Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin began a massive effort to a) overthrow communism b) industrialize his country c) educate the peasants d) increase trade

3 21) One of the new political parties to rise during the political and economic chaos in Germany after World War I was the Nationalist Socialist German Worker's Party, also known as the a) Socialist Party b) Nazi Party c) Fascist Party d) Bolshevik Party 22) Who was the leader of the 1936 rebellion in Spain that quickly became a civil war? a) Benito Mussolini b) Vladimir Lenin c) Francisco Franco d) Gerald M Nye 23) The Nazi-Soviet nonagression pact contained a secret deal between Germany and the Soviet Union to divide a) Czechoslovakia b) Belgium c) Austria d) Poland 24) The air battle between the German Luftwaffe and the British air force that began in June 1940 and lasted into the fall of 1940 became known as a) sitzkrieg b) the Battle of Britain c) the Munich Crisis d) the "Miracle at Dunkirk" 25) In 1938, Britain and France agreed to Hitler's demand for the Sudentenland, an area of a) Czechoslovakia b) Austria c) Poland d) Belgium 26) Before they could attack France, Hitler and his generals had to invade a) Austria and Czechoslovakia b) Japan and China c) Belgium and Luxembourg d) The Soviet Union and Britain 27) After being trapped in Belgium by the Germans, the only port remaining open for Britain and France to evacuate their surviving troops was at a) Antwerp b) Brussels c) Dunkirk d) Danzig 28) What event in 1938 marked a significant escalation in the Nazi policy of persecution against the Jews? a) Kristallnacht b) Nuremberg Laws c) Wannsee Conference d) Battle of Britain 29) Few Americans wanted to raise immigration quotas, even to accommodate European a) leaders b) trade c) peace d) refugees

4 30) What was the name of one of the first and largest concentration camps built near the town of Weimar in 1937? a) Wannsee b) Buchenwald c) Treblinka d) Kristallnacht 31) During World War II, American workers were more productive than German workers or Japanese workers 32) In World War II, the United States suffered more casualties in combat than any of its allies 33) World War II put an end to the Great Depression 34) Adolf Hitler committed suicide 35) g Dwight D Eisenhower 36) f Zoot Suits 37) a Operation D-Day 38) b Omaha 39) e Ration 40) c Scarp Drives 41) d E bonds a) beginning of Operation Overlord b) name for French beach stormed by American invasion forces c) efforts to collect spare rubber, tin, aluminum, and steel d) used to raise money for the war e) limit availability of consumer products f) clothing worn by teenagers and considered to be unpatriotic g) in overall command of the invasion of France 42) Blue points and red points were a system for a) rewarding American civilians b) rationing goods c) prioritizing targets for attack d) mapping opposing forces

5 43) Iwo Jima was an important objective for the American military because a) the Japanese were using it as a base to attack the US fleet b) the main Japanese naval force was stationed there c) US planes could bomb Japan from there d) the islands were an important link in the Japanese supply lines 44) The US caused massive fires in Tokyo by dropping bombs filled with a) amphtrac b) dynamite c) grease d) napalm 45) "The greatest advantage the United States enjoyed on the ground in the fighting was the jeep and the two-and-a-half ton truck These are the instruments that moved and supplied United States troops in battle, while the German army depended on animal transport The United States, profiting from the mass production achievements of its automotive industry had mobility that completely outclassed the enemy" General George Marshall What does this passage tell us about the way World War II was won? a) Having superior equipment intimidated the enemy b) Moving troops and supplies quickly was critical c) Ground troops had the most difficult job d) Without jeeps and trucks, soldiers had to walk 46) Nearly one-third of all military equipment made during the war was manufactured by the a) steel industry b) ship-building industry c) automobile industry d) aircraft industry 47) Migrant farm workers became an important part of the Southwest's agricultural system as a result of a) the planting of victory gardens b) Roosevelt s Executive Order 8802 c) the Bracero Program d) the Great Migration 48) "I never wanted to have to fight this war on two fronts We haven't got the Navy to fight in both the Atlantic and Pacific " President Franklin Roosevelt In the passage, which two fronts was Roosevelt referring to? a) Japan and Germany b) Japan and China c) Germany and Italy d) Germany and the Soviet Union

6 49) Attacks on American cargo ships by German submarines led to the development of the a) cost plus system b) liberty ship c) convoy system d) victory garden 50) The secret American program to build an atomic bomb was called a) the Manhattan Project b) Operation Overlord c) V-J Day d) the Enola Gay Project

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