World War II Leaders Battles Maps

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1 World War II Leaders Battles Maps

2 Reign of the Dictator Italy Germany Soviet Union Japan

3 Joseph Stalin Born in Gori, Georgia in Last name means steel in Russian. Seized power in USSR after Lenin s death in Ruled with an iron fist. o Millions of Russians were purged Rapidly industrialized the Soviet Union during the 30 s. What was the cost of this? USSR became a police state and people lost rights. Communism begins to spread.

4 Benito Mussolini Born in Italy in 1883 Established the Fascist Party in Italy in Known as Il Duce or the Leader Why was Mussolini able to seize absolute power? o Economic problems in Italy o Fear of communism o Promise of national glory o Begins the Fascist party in Italy.

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6 Adolf Hitler Hitler followed a path similar to Mussolini. His NAZI party had total power in Germany. Known as Der Fuehrer Used poor economic conditions to establish the 3rd Reich and the Nazi party. o How long was it supposed to last? 1000 years

7 Rome-Berlin Axis Alliance between Hitler (Germany) and Mussolini (Italy) in These fascist dictators believed that the world would revolve around the Rome-Berlin Axis.

8 Imperial Japan Japanese military leaders had increased control in post WW I Japan. They began conquering Asian nations; including, Korea and parts of China (Manchuria). Emperor Hirohito General Hideki Tojo was Prime Minister. Admiral Yamamoto planned the attack on Pearl Harbor.

9 Causes of American Involvement Japanese Aggression Stalin s Secrecy Hitler s Aggression Axis Powers Formation Allies Begin Preparing Pearl Harbor

10 Imperial Japan Japanese Aggression Activity

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14 Stalin s Secrecy

15 Non-aggression pact Germany and Soviet Union sign in Agree not to attack one another. This shocked the world: o WHY? Fascists and communists work together. Secret provision was the dividing of Poland. However, Hitler knew he would eventually invade Soviet Union.

16 Hitler s Aggression

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18 Hitler Invades Austria

19 Hitler Invades the Rhineland

20 September 1, 1939 Germany Invades Poland

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22 Axis Powers Formation

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24 America Begins Preparing

25 Selective Training and Service Act Passed by Congress on September 14, 1940 becoming the first peacetime draft in US history. This Selective Service Act required that men between the ages of 21 and 35 register with local draft boards. o Later, when the U.S. entered World War II, all men aged 18 to 45 were made liable for military service

26 Election of 1940 Roosevelt = 54.7% (449) Willkie = 44.7% (82)

27 August 1941 This meeting between Winston Churchill and FDR set the basis for the United Nations.

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29 Pearl Harbor

30 Pearl Harbor Activity

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32 Events and Causes America Involvement Lend-Lease Act Allied Powers D-Day Georgia s Contributions Bell Aircraft Liberty Ships and the shipyards Military Bases Carl Vinson Richard Russell Results of WWII The Atomic Bomb Japanese Surrender The Holocaust

33 U.S. Involvement Lend-Lease American policy, at the beginning of WWII, to lend or lease (rent) weapons to Great Britain and the Soviet Union. Pearl Harbor December 7, Japan surprise attacks the American Pacific fleet at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. The USA declared war on Japan Allied Powers: USA, Great Britain, Soviet Union Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan The United States continued to send materials and troops throughout the rest of WWII ( ).

34 Georgia During WWII 320,000 Georgians joined the armed forces over 7,000 killed Military bases were built in the state which improved the economy Farmers grew needed crops income tripled for the average farmer Limits were put on the consumption of goods such as gasoline, meat, butter, and sugar (rationing) Students were encouraged to buy war bonds and defense stamps to pay for the war Victory Garden: small family gardens to make sure soldiers would have enough food POW (prisoner of war) camps in Georgia at some military bases

35 Georgia During WWII Bell Aircraft Began assembling B-29 bombers for the U.S. Army. Over 28,000 employees helped to finish 668 planes. Savannah and Brunswick shipyards Both cities housed shipyards which were used to create cargo ships (nicknamed Liberty Ships by FDR). Richard Russell U.S. Senator. Worked to bring wartime opportunities (jobs) to GA. Helped to bring over a dozen military bases to GA. Carl Vinson U.S. Representative. Helped to expand the U.S. Navy. Two-ocean navy. Much of this expansion (building of ships) took place at GA s shipyards.

36 The Holocaust The Holocaust - Name given to the Nazi plan to kill all Jewish people. When people in the United States learned about the Holocaust Jewish communities began fundraising efforts. These efforts continued throughout WWII. The Holocaust ended in 1945 when the Allied powers won the war and freed the people held captive in the German camps.

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38 War in Europe Atlas Activity

39 War in the Pacific Atlas Activity

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41 Hiroshima August 6, B-29 Superfortres the Enola Gay drops 1st atomic bomb in history. Codenamed Little Boy. Col. Paul Tibbets Destroyed about 70% of the city.

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43 August 9, 1945 B-29 Superfortress Bockscar, flown by Major Charles W. Sweeney, carried the bomb code-named "Fat Man. Original target was Kokura, switched because of cloud cover. Nagasaki

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45 Japanese Surrender September 2, 1945 Tokyo Bay, Japan. Aboard the USS Missouri The Japanese delegation surrendered to Gen Douglas MacArthur.

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