The Futile Search for Stability

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1 Chapter 17, Section 1 The Futile Search for Stability (Pages ) Setting a Purpose for Reading Think about these questions as you read: What was the significance of the Dawes Plan and the Treaty of Locarno? How was Germany affected by the Great Depression? As you read pages in your textbook, complete the chart below by comparing France s Popular Front with the New Deal in the United States. Popular Front New Deal As you read, write the correct date next to each event on the time line below. Treaty of Locarno Roosevelt wins presidential election Popular Front is formed in France U.S. stock market crashes WPA is established 290 Chapter 17, Section 1

2 Uneasy Peace, Uncertain Security (pages ) As you read this lesson, fill in the outline below. I. A Weak League of Nations II. French Demands III. Inflation in Germany IV. The Treaty of Locarno Circle the letter of the word or phrase that is closest in meaning to the underlined word. revise ratio 1. Many Germans were upset with the terms of the Treaty of Versailles and wanted to revise them. a. keep b. change c. learn 2. In 1923, the ratio of German marks to U.S. dollars was 4.2 trillion to 1. a. relationship in size b. total amount c. the lowest amount Use the following term, which you studied earlier, in a sentence that reflects the term s meaning in this lesson. nationalism (Chapter 11, Section 3) Chapter 17, Section 1 291

3 The Great Depression (page 536) Read the passage and write a brief summary of the effects of the Great Depression. Define or describe the following key term from this lesson. depression Write the definition of the following term that you studied earlier. individual Chapter 5, Section 1) Democratic States after the War (pages ) As you read the lesson, focus on the post war conditions of Germany, France, Great Britain, and the United States. Briefly describe them in the chart below. Country Germany Conditions France Great Britain United States 292 Chapter 17, Section 1

4 Define or describe the following key terms from this lesson. collective bargaining deficit spending Choose one of these three terms, which you studied earlier, to fill in each blank. minimum Chapter 12, Section 1) incomes (Chapter 13, Section 2) justified (Chapter 5, Section 3) 1. The New Deal programs provided for many people. 2. In France, workers received a guarantee for a wage. Now that you have read the section, answer these questions from Setting a Purpose for Reading at the beginning of the section. What was the significance of the Dawes Plan and the Treaty of Locarno? How was Germany affected by the Great Depression? Chapter 17, Section 1 293

5 Chapter 17, Section 2 The Rise of Dictatorial Regimes (Pages ) Setting a Purpose for Reading Think about these questions as you read: To what extent was Fascist Italy a totalitarian state? How did Joseph Stalin establish a totalitarian regime in the Soviet Union? As you read pages in your textbook, complete the graphic organizer below by listing the methods Mussolini used to create a Fascist state. Methods used by Mussolini As you read, number the following events in the order in which they occurred. Spanish Civil War begins Lenin dies Mussolini recognizes independence of Vatican City Spanish Civil War ends Stalin launches his first Five-Year Plan 294 Chapter 17, Section 2

6 The Rise of Dictators (pages ) After you have read the lesson, write a paragraph explaining how totalitarian states achieved their goal of controlling the political, economic, social, intellectual, and cultural lives of citizens. Define or describe the following key term from this lesson. totalitarian state Use each of the following terms, which you studied earlier, in a sentence that reflects the term s meaning. propaganda (Chapter 16, Section 2) subordinated (Chapter 1, Section 3) Fascism in Italy (pages ) After reading the lesson, write a paragraph summarizing the steps Mussolini took to gain power in Italy. Chapter 17, Section 2 295

7 Define or describe the following key term from this lesson. fascism Define the following academic vocabulary word from this lesson. media Write the definition of each of the following terms that you studied earlier. suspend (Chapter 7, Section 2) retained (Chapter 3, Section 3) A New Era in the Soviet Union (pages ) After you have read the lesson, write a paragraph evaluating Stalin s Five-Year Plan. Explain whether you think it helped or hurt the Russian people. 296 Chapter 17, Section 2

8 Define or describe each of the following key terms from this lesson. New Economic Policy Politburo collectivization Use the following academic vocabulary words from this lesson in a sentence. modified version overall (Chapter 2, Section 2) rejected (Chapter 3, Section 1) Write the definition of each of the following terms that you studied earlier. Chapter 17, Section 2 297

9 Authoritarian States in the West (pages ) As you read the lesson, write down two questions about the main ideas presented. After you have finished reading, write the answers to these questions. Use each of these terms, which you studied earlier, in a sentence. aspect (Chapter 11, Section 2) dictatorship (Chapter 13, Section 1) Now that you have read the section, answer these questions from Setting a Purpose for Reading at the beginning of the section. To what extent was Fascist Italy a totalitarian state? How did Joseph Stalin establish a totalitarian regime in the Soviet Union? 298 Chapter 17, Section 2

10 Chapter 17, Section 3 Hitler and Nazi Germany (Pages ) Setting a Purpose for Reading Think about these questions as you read: How did Adolf Hitler rise to power? What were the chief features of the Nazi totalitarian state? How did the rise of Nazism affect Germany? As you read pages in your textbook, complete the chart below by listing anti-semitic policies enforced by the Nazi Party. Anti-Semitic Policies As you read, place the following events on the time line below. Nazis enact Nuremberg laws The Kristallnacht occurs Hitler takes control of the National Socialist German Workers Party Enabling Act passes Chapter 17, Section 3 299

11 Hitler and His Views (pages ) After you have read the lesson, write a paragraph summarizing Hitler s views as expressed in Mein Kampf. Define the following academic vocabulary word from this lesson. uniforms Use each of the following terms, which you studied earlier, in a sentence. core (Chapter 11, Section 3) eventually (Chapter 3, Section 4) Rise of Nazism (pages ) Do you think Hitler gained power legally? Review the previous section in your textbook to see if Mussolini gained power legally in Italy. Are there any differences in the methods they used to obtain their office? 300 Chapter 17, Section 3

12 Define or describe the following key term from this lesson. Reichstag Use the following academic vocabulary word from this lesson in a sentence that shows you understand the word s meaning. attain Write the definition of each of the following terms that you studied earlier. impact (Chapter 3, Section 2) militarism (Chapter 1, Section 2) Victory of Nazism (page 550) Do you think the passage of the Enabling Act made it harder to protect the civil rights of Jews in Germany? Might this have happened anyway, given the level of anti-semitism in Germany? Write your opinion on the lines below. Chapter 17, Section 3 301

13 Define or describe the following key term from this lesson. concentration camps Write the definition of each of the following terms that you studied earlier. required (Chapter 4, Section 2) foundation (Chapter 2, Section 1) The Nazi State, (pages ) As you read this lesson, fill in the outline below. I. The State and Terror II. Economic Policies III. Spectacles and Organizations IV. Women and Nazism V. Anti-Semitic Policies 302 Chapter 17, Section 3

14 Use each of the following academic vocabulary words from this lesson in a sentence that reflects the term s meaning. identify projects Now that you have read the section, answer these questions from Setting a Purpose for Reading at the beginning of the section. How did Adolf Hitler rise to power? What were the chief features of the Nazi totalitarian state? How did the rise of Nazism affect Germany? Chapter 17, Section 3 303

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