Dictators and Publics

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Dictators and Publics"

Transcription

1 History 104 Europe from Napoleon to the PRESENT 17 March 2008 Dictators and Publics Olympic Stadium Berlin (1936)

2 Introduction Historians of Europe often refer to the 1930s as a period of democracy in crisis. international crowd saluting Hitler during 1936 Berlin Olympics How useful is that description for understanding the popularity of the Italian Fascists and the German National Socialists (Nazis)? How helpful is it to treat Soviet Russia, Fascist Italy, and Nazi Germany as three equal instances of totalitarianism? If there had been no march on Rome, there would be no march on Moscow (Fascist poster: Italian blackshirt attacks the Russian bear) How do the dictatorships of the interwar period differ from absolutist monarchy? Introduction: Dictators and Publics

3 Key features of fascism Fascism is not a church. It is more like a training ground Mussolini, 1922 emphasis on the community, rather than the individual or the class national regeneration as answer to global degeneration central role for the state in all aspects of life importance of strength defined in masculine and militaristic terms emphasis on law and order, rather than rights external threats or crisis used to silence opposition fasces = bundle ; in ancient Rome, a bundle of sticks tied together with an axe and symbolic of the authority of the dictator (an elected office) statue in Cincinnati of the Roman dictator Cincinnatus giving back the fasces, he returns to his plow Introduction: Background and Definitions (Dictators and Publics)

4 Key episodes in Italian Fascism 1919 Fascist League of Combat formed in Milan (anti-communist paramilitary organization) Fascist League violently breaks strikes and asassinates socialist leaders Oct March on Rome 1926 strikes and unions outlawed; Law for the Defense of the State -other political parties banned invasion of Ethiopia 1936 treaty with Germany 1938 Manifesto of Racist Scientists July 1943 American-British-Canadian invasion of Sicily; Mussolini resigns Key episodes in early history of Nazism Introduction: Key Examples (Dictators and Publics) Two Peoples and One Struggle German stamp, Mussolini & Hitler Oct Hitler attempts coup ( Beer Hall Putsch ); jailed for over a year Sep Reichstag (parliament) elections: many Communists and Nazis Aug Hitler announces he will only stay in govt as chancellor Jan Nazi takeover of government (coalition with conservatives) Feb Reichstag fire provides pretense for repression of opposition Mar Enabling Act cabinet ministers can pass laws without Reichstag Sep Nuremberg Laws deprive Jewish Germans of citizenship Mar Anschluss: Germany invades and annexes Austria Nov Kristallnacht: Nazis beat Jews; destroy property; burn synagogues Sep Germany invades Poland; World War Two starts

5 How can we explain the success of such movements? Consequences of World War One and Treaty of Versailles special case of Germany general problem of veterans, militarism, displaced persons Economic factors Mass culture (as distinct from popular or elite culture) How popular were these movements? Who was actively involved? Who resisted? What comparisons can we draw with other political, social, or cultural developments? High modernism [Art Deco] Communism in the Soviet Union Imperialism Lecture Structure: Dictators and Publics

6 Paris Peace Conference, 1919 and Treaty of Versailles Key terms of Treaty of Versailles (between Allied Powers and Germany) Germany solely responsible for the war Germany lost over 10% of European territory and all overseas colonies German military very limited; no weapons manufacture allowed With the armistice begins Germany s humiliation. If the Republic had said, Germans,stand together! Resist the foe! The Fatherland, the Republic expects you to fight to the last then millions today would be fanatical republicans. But now they are foes of the Republic that so discredited the new flag It was no Treaty of Peace that was signed, but a betrayal. Our movement has three demands: 1. set aside the Peace Treaty; 2. unify all Germans; 3. land and soil to feed our nation. It desires to make the German once more National, that his Fatherland shall stand for him above everything else. Hitler, speech in Munich (April 17, 1923) German poster masked figure in red stabs German soldier in the back Explaining Fascism and Nazism: World War One and Treaty of Versailles

7 Veterans of the Great War wounded other vets Germany 4,247,000 5,000,000 Italy 953,000 4,600,000 France 4,266,000 3,000,000 British Empire 2,090,000 5,900,000 Austria-Hungary 3,620,000 3,300,000 Grosz, The Hero (1935) members of Croix de Feu march in Paris, May 1935 Explaining Fascism and Nazism: World War One and Treaty of Versailles

8 Hyperinflation, the Great Depression, and the Nazis Key episodes in early history of Nazism Oct Hitler attempts coup ( Beer Hall Putsch ); jailed for over a year How many German Marks make one dollar? July July Jan July ,412. Jan Sept ,860,000. Nov ,200,000,000,000. Oct Wall Street Crash; American firms call in loans to Germany 1930 German industrial production falls 20% from previous year Sep Reichstag (parliament) elections: many Communists and Nazis late German industrial production approx. half of pre-depression Aug Hitler announces he will only stay in govt as chancellor Jan Nazi takeover of government (coalition with conservatives) June 1933 Reinhard Plan expands state spending; builds highways (autobahn) Mar Hitler begins open re-armament Explaining Fascism and Nazism: Economic Factors

9 Nazi Propaganda March 1933 Ministry of Popular Enlightenment (Volksaufklärung) and Propaganda formed; headed by Joseph Goebbels On September 5, 1934, years after the outbreak of the World War years after the beginning of our suffering months after the beginning of the German renaissance... Adolf Hitler flew to Nuremberg to review the columns of his faithful followers (opening of Triumph of the Will) poster for Leni Riefenstahl s Triumph of the Will (1935) Explaining Fascism and Nazism: Mass Culture and Psychological Warfare

10 Elected Dictatorship? Percentage of votes won by NSDAP in Reichstag (parliamentary) elections May % May Sept Nov, March Party membership , ,500, ,000,000 Workers Awaken! Vote Nazi! 1932 election poster How popular were Fascism and Nazism? Who was involved?

11 Fascism, Nazism, Soviet Communism three names, one thing? strong central state represses opposition parties and groups enemies identified and repressed state control of media Points to consider: Are class enemies defined in the same way as national enemies? How central was scientific racism to all three? Fascism specifically rejected the idea of having a doctrine; it was a politics of action. Fascism and Nazism emerged in opposition to Communism Comparisons: Communism in the Soviet Union

12 Origins of Totalitarianism? Two new devices for political organization and rule over foreign peoples were discovered during the first decades of imperialism. One was race as a principle of the body politic, and the other was bureaucracy as a principle of foreign domination. The strong emphasis of totalitarian propaganda on the "scientific" nature of its assertions can be compared to certain advertising techniques which also address themselves to masses. It is true that the advertising columns of every newspaper show this "scientificality," by which a manufacturer proves with facts and figures and the help of a "research" department that his is the "best soap in the world." there is a certain element of violence in the imaginative exaggerations of publicity men behind the assertion that girls who do not use this particular brand of soap may go through life with pimples and without a husband, lies the wild dream of monopoly, the dream that one day the manufacturer of the only soap that prevents pimples may have the power to deprive of husbands all girls who don't use his soap. Hannah Arendt, Origins of Totalitarianism (1951) Italy finally has her empire! fascist poster Comparisons: Imperialism

Dictators and their Publics

Dictators and their Publics History 104 Europe from Napoleon to the PRESENT 23 March 2009 Dictators and their Publics Olympic Stadium Berlin (1936) Introduction Historians of Europe often refer to the 1930s as a period of democracy

More information

The Rise of Fascism. AP World History Chapter 21 The Collapse and Recovery of Europe ( s)

The Rise of Fascism. AP World History Chapter 21 The Collapse and Recovery of Europe ( s) The Rise of Fascism AP World History Chapter 21 The Collapse and Recovery of Europe (1914-1970s) New Forms of Government After WWI: Germany, Italy, and Russia turned to a new form of dictatorship = totalitarianism

More information

Iwo Jima War Memorial in Arlington, Virginia. American soldiers arriving on the beach of Omaha: D-Day, June 6, 1944

Iwo Jima War Memorial in Arlington, Virginia. American soldiers arriving on the beach of Omaha: D-Day, June 6, 1944 o September 1939 September 1945 o Most geographically widespread military conflict o Approximately 55 million people died, 40 million MORE than WWI!!! o Most countries involved in the war were against

More information

& 5. = CAUSES OF WW2

& 5. = CAUSES OF WW2 POST WW1 Overview: 1.Treaty of Versailles: punished Germany 2. Continued Nationalism 3. Worldwide Economic Depression 4. Rise of Fascism in Germany, Italy & Spain 5. Rise of Japan = CAUSES OF WW2 I. Treaty

More information

History 104. Europe from Napoleon to the PRESENT

History 104. Europe from Napoleon to the PRESENT History 104 Europe from Napoleon to the PRESENT The second MIDTERM EXAM is a week from today, April the first it is worth at least 20% of your grade if you do better on this exam than on the first midterm,

More information

Chapter 15. Years of Crisis

Chapter 15. Years of Crisis Chapter 15 Years of Crisis Section 2 A Worldwide Depression Setting the Stage European nations were rebuilding U.S. gave loans to help Unstable New Democracies A large number of political parties made

More information

The Rise of Totalitarian leaders as a Response to the Great Depression NEW POLITICAL PARTIES IN EUROPE BEFORE WWII!!

The Rise of Totalitarian leaders as a Response to the Great Depression NEW POLITICAL PARTIES IN EUROPE BEFORE WWII!! The Rise of Totalitarian leaders as a Response to the Great Depression NEW POLITICAL PARTIES IN EUROPE BEFORE WWII!! COMMUNISM AND THE SOVIET UNION The problems that existed in Germany, Italy, Japan and

More information

Between the Wars Timeline

Between the Wars Timeline Between the Wars Timeline 1914 1918 I. Aggression and Appeasement 1939 1945 WWI 10 million casualties Versailles Treaty: Germany blamed, reparations, took colonies, occupied Germany A. Europe was destroyed

More information

Clicker Review Questions

Clicker Review Questions Essential Question: Who were the major totalitarian leaders in the 1920s & 1930s? What were the basic ideologies of Fascists, Nazis, and Communists? CPWH Agenda for Unit 12.2: Clicker Review Questions

More information

Essential Question: Who were the major totalitarian leaders in the 1920s & 1930s? What were the basic ideologies of Fascists, Nazis, and Communists?

Essential Question: Who were the major totalitarian leaders in the 1920s & 1930s? What were the basic ideologies of Fascists, Nazis, and Communists? Essential Question: Who were the major totalitarian leaders in the 1920s & 1930s? What were the basic ideologies of Fascists, Nazis, and Communists? CPWH Agenda for Unit 12.2: Clicker Review Questions

More information

AMERICA AND THE WORLD. Chapter 13 Section 1 US History

AMERICA AND THE WORLD. Chapter 13 Section 1 US History AMERICA AND THE WORLD Chapter 13 Section 1 US History AMERICA AND THE WORLD THE RISE OF DICTATORS MAIN IDEA Dictators took control of the governments of Italy, the Soviet Union, Germany, and Japan End

More information

DO NOW: How did the results of World War I plant the seed of World War II? You have 3 minutes to write down your thoughts (BE SPECIFIC!!!

DO NOW: How did the results of World War I plant the seed of World War II? You have 3 minutes to write down your thoughts (BE SPECIFIC!!! DO NOW: How did the results of World War I plant the seed of World War II? You have 3 minutes to write down your thoughts (BE SPECIFIC!!!) Objectives Identify and define key terms/figures on the Road to

More information

Ch 13-4 Learning Goal/Content Statement

Ch 13-4 Learning Goal/Content Statement Ch 13-4 Learning Goal/Content Statement Explain how the consequences of World War I and the worldwide depression set the stage for the rise of totalitarianism, aggressive Axis expansion and the policy

More information

Explain how dictators and militarist regimes arose in several countries in the 1930s.

Explain how dictators and militarist regimes arose in several countries in the 1930s. Objectives Explain how dictators and militarist regimes arose in several countries in the 1930s. Summarize the actions taken by aggressive regimes in Europe and Asia. Analyze the responses of Britain,

More information

5/23/17. Among the first totalitarian dictators was Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union

5/23/17. Among the first totalitarian dictators was Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union Among the first totalitarian dictators was Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union Stalin s Five Year Plans & collective farms improved the Soviet Union s industrial & agricultural output Stalin was Communist

More information

I. The Rise of Totalitarianism. A. Totalitarianism Defined

I. The Rise of Totalitarianism. A. Totalitarianism Defined Rise of Totalitarianism Unit 6 - The Interwar Years I. The Rise of Totalitarianism A. Totalitarianism Defined 1. A gov t that takes total, centralized state control over every aspect of public and private

More information

- CENTRAL HISTORICAL QUESTION(S) - IN WHAT CONTEXT WOULD PEOPLE GIVE UP THEIR RIGHT TO HAVE A DEMOCRATIC GOV.T?

- CENTRAL HISTORICAL QUESTION(S) - IN WHAT CONTEXT WOULD PEOPLE GIVE UP THEIR RIGHT TO HAVE A DEMOCRATIC GOV.T? NAME: - WORLD HISTORY II UNIT SEVEN: THE RISE OF TOTALITARIANISM & WORLD WAR II LESSON 5 CW & HW BLOCK: - CENTRAL HISTORICAL QUESTION(S) - IN WHAT CONTEXT WOULD PEOPLE GIVE UP THEIR RIGHT TO HAVE A DEMOCRATIC

More information

Ascent of the Dictators. Mussolini s Rise to Power

Ascent of the Dictators. Mussolini s Rise to Power Ascent of the Dictators Mussolini s Rise to Power Benito Mussolini was born in Italy in 1883. During his early life he worked as a schoolteacher, bricklayer, and chocolate factory worker. In December 1914,

More information

15-3: Fascism Rises in Europe 15-4: Aggressors Invade Nations

15-3: Fascism Rises in Europe 15-4: Aggressors Invade Nations 15-3: Fascism Rises in Europe 15-4: Aggressors Invade Nations E S S E N T I A L Q U E S T I O N : W H Y D I D I T A L Y A N D G E R M A N Y T U R N T O T O T A L I T A R I A N D I C T A T O R S? Totalitarian

More information

The Collapse of the Old Order. Soviet Union - Nazi Germany - Fascist Italy

The Collapse of the Old Order. Soviet Union - Nazi Germany - Fascist Italy Communists Nationalist Socialists Fascists The Collapse of the Old Order Soviet Union - Nazi Germany - Fascist Italy Notecard: List Name 8 different types of governments: Notecard: List Name 8 different

More information

15-3 Fascism Rises in Europe. Fascism political movement that is extremely nationalistic, gives power to a dictator, and takes away individual rights

15-3 Fascism Rises in Europe. Fascism political movement that is extremely nationalistic, gives power to a dictator, and takes away individual rights 15-3 Fascism Rises in Europe Fascism political movement that is extremely nationalistic, gives power to a dictator, and takes away individual rights The economic crisis of the Great Depression led to the

More information

The Futile Search for Stability

The Futile Search for Stability Chapter 17, Section 1 The Futile Search for Stability (Pages 533 538) Setting a Purpose for Reading Think about these questions as you read: What was the significance of the Dawes Plan and the Treaty of

More information

1 Run Up To WWII 2 Legacies of WWI Isolationism: US isolated themselves from world affairs during 1920s & 1930s Disarmament: US tried to reduce size

1 Run Up To WWII 2 Legacies of WWI Isolationism: US isolated themselves from world affairs during 1920s & 1930s Disarmament: US tried to reduce size 1 Run Up To WWII 2 Legacies of WWI Isolationism: US isolated themselves from world affairs during 1920s & 1930s Disarmament: US tried to reduce size of militaries throughout world -- did NOT work Kellog-Brand

More information

The Rise of Dictators Ch 23-1

The Rise of Dictators Ch 23-1 The Rise of Dictators Ch 23-1 The Main Idea The shattering effects of World War I helped set the stage for a new, aggressive type of leader in Europe and Asia. Content Statement/Learning Goal Analyze the

More information

The Last Czar: Nicholas II and Alexandra 6.1

The Last Czar: Nicholas II and Alexandra 6.1 The Last Czar: Nicholas II and Alexandra 6.1 totalitarian: dictatorship: petition: civil liberties: universal: emancipation: hemophilia: List reasons why Russia's Czar Nicholas II became increasingly unpopular

More information

WORLD WAR II. Chapters 24 & 25

WORLD WAR II. Chapters 24 & 25 WORLD WAR II Chapters 24 & 25 In the 1930 s dictators rise; driven by Nationalism: desire for more territory and national pride. Totalitarianism: Governments who exert total control over their citizens.

More information

Standard 7-4: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the causes and effects of world conflicts in the first half of the twentieth century.

Standard 7-4: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the causes and effects of world conflicts in the first half of the twentieth century. Standard 7-4: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the causes and effects of world conflicts in the first half of the twentieth century. 7-4.4: Compare the ideologies of socialism, communism,

More information

III. Features of Modern Totalitarianism Absolute Domination over every area of life The worship and cultivation of violence --War is noble --The need

III. Features of Modern Totalitarianism Absolute Domination over every area of life The worship and cultivation of violence --War is noble --The need Political Crisis and Dictatorship -Key Concepts- I. The Spread of Dictatorship By 1938, only 10 out of 27 European countries remained democratic For the most part, these were dictatorships in the traditional

More information

5/11/18. A global depression in the 1930s led to high unemployment & a sense of desperation in Europe

5/11/18. A global depression in the 1930s led to high unemployment & a sense of desperation in Europe After WWI, many nations were struggling to rebuild The Treaty of Versailles created bitterness among many nations A global depression in the 1930s led to high unemployment & a sense of desperation in Europe

More information

Specific Curriculum Outcomes

Specific Curriculum Outcomes Specific Curriculum Outcomes 1.1 The student will be expected to draw upon primary and/or secondary sources to demonstrate an understanding of the causes of World War I. 1.1.1 Define: imperialism, nationalism,

More information

4/1/2019. World War II. Causes of the war. What is ideology? What is propaganda?

4/1/2019. World War II. Causes of the war. What is ideology? What is propaganda? World War II Causes of the war What is ideology? What is propaganda? 1 A dictator is? What is a totalitarian government? What is a totalitarian dictator? 2 Post-WW1 Problems Treaty of Versailles Rebuilding

More information

New Leaders and New Ideas in Europe during the 1930s

New Leaders and New Ideas in Europe during the 1930s New Leaders and New Ideas in Europe during the 1930s Nazism Totalitarianism Communism Fascism These theories are completely different theories that are completed opposed to one another; however they demonstrate

More information

Name: Interwar Practice

Name: Interwar Practice Name: Interwar Practice 1. Which political leader gained power as a result of the failing economy of the Weimar Republic? A) Adolf Hitler B) Francisco Franco C) Benito Mussolini D) Charles de Gaulle 2.

More information

Chapters 30 and 31: The Interwar Period ( )

Chapters 30 and 31: The Interwar Period ( ) Chapters 30 and 31: The Interwar Period (1919-1938) Postwar Germany Unstable democracies Weimar Republic in Germany Democratic government formed after WWI Was blamed for signing Treaty of Versailles Cost

More information

Unit 3 Italy Lesson 1 Mussolini's Rise to Power NOTES

Unit 3 Italy Lesson 1 Mussolini's Rise to Power NOTES Unit 3 Italy Lesson 1 Mussolini's Rise to Power NOTES 1. Mussolini's political Career and the Rise of Fascism Fascism, a feature of the inter-war years, began in Italy and was developed by Mussolini. It

More information

The Rise of Dictators Ch 23-1

The Rise of Dictators Ch 23-1 The Rise of Dictators Ch 23-1 The Main Idea The shattering effects of World War I helped set the stage for a new, aggressive type of leader in Europe and Asia. Content Statement/Learning Goal Analyze the

More information

What is Totalitarianism?

What is Totalitarianism? What is Totalitarianism? A form of government in which all social, political, economic, intellectual, cultural, and spiritual activities are controlled by the rulers. The ruler is an absolute dictator.

More information

Making of the Modern World 15. Lecture #8: Fascism and the Blond Beast

Making of the Modern World 15. Lecture #8: Fascism and the Blond Beast Making of the Modern World 15 Lecture #8: Fascism and the Blond Beast The Blond Beast Friedrich Nietzsche 1844-1900 German Philosopher Genealogy of Morals (1887) Good/Evil vs Good/Bad Slave morality Priestly

More information

WORLD HISTORY TOTALITARIANISM

WORLD HISTORY TOTALITARIANISM WORLD HISTORY TOTALITARIANISM WHAT IS HAPPENING IN THIS POLITICAL CARTOON? WHAT IS THE CARTOONIST SAYING ABOUT TRUMP? WHAT IS THE CARTOONIST SAYING ABOUT OBAMA? HOW DO YOU NOW? TEXT WHAT IS TOTALITARIANISM?

More information

The Rise of Fascism....and the death of liberalism. Saturday, April 2, 16

The Rise of Fascism....and the death of liberalism. Saturday, April 2, 16 The Rise of Fascism...and the death of liberalism RECAP What is classical liberalism? What is modern liberalism? Our Fascist Unit Goals Identify at least FOUR ways that both Stalin s USSR and Hitler s

More information

Ch 13-4 Learning Goal/Content Statement Section 4

Ch 13-4 Learning Goal/Content Statement Section 4 Ch 13-4 Learning Goal/Content Statement The Interwar Years Explain how the consequences of World War I and the worldwide depression set the stage for the rise of totalitarianism, aggressive Axis expansion

More information

The Rise of Dictators

The Rise of Dictators The Rise of Dictators DICTATORS THREATEN WORLD PEACE For many European countries the end of World War I was the beginning of revolutions at home, economic depression and the rise of powerful dictators

More information

Fascism is a nationalistic political philosophy which is anti-democratic, anticommunist, and anti-liberal. It puts the importance of the nation above

Fascism is a nationalistic political philosophy which is anti-democratic, anticommunist, and anti-liberal. It puts the importance of the nation above 1939-1945 Fascism is a nationalistic political philosophy which is anti-democratic, anticommunist, and anti-liberal. It puts the importance of the nation above the rights of the individual. The word Fascism

More information

Prelude to War. The Causes of World War II

Prelude to War. The Causes of World War II Prelude to War The Causes of World War II The Treaty of Versailles Harsh, bitter treaty that ended WWI Germany must: Accept responsibility for WWI Pay war reparations to Allies Demilitarize the Rhineland

More information

UNIT 5 INTER-WAR CRISIS

UNIT 5 INTER-WAR CRISIS UNIT 5 INTER-WAR CRISIS During the 1920s, Europe and the United States enjoyed a period of economic prosperity. However, this changed after 1929, when a severe economic crisis known as the Great Depression

More information

In this 1938 event, the Nazis attacked Jewish synagogues and businesses and beat up and arrested many Jews.

In this 1938 event, the Nazis attacked Jewish synagogues and businesses and beat up and arrested many Jews. 1 In this 1938 event, the Nazis attacked Jewish synagogues and businesses and beat up and arrested many Jews. 1 Kristallnacht ( Night of Broken Glass ) 2 This 1934 event resulted in Hitler s destruction

More information

Fascism April 28, 2011

Fascism April 28, 2011 Fascism on the rise Benito Mussolini Born became a left-wing revolutionary journalist during the Great War. During the war he took a nationalist turn He was outraged at how Italy was treated at Versailles

More information

LG 5: Describe the characteristics of totalitarianism and fascism and explain how Mussolini and Hitler came to power.

LG 5: Describe the characteristics of totalitarianism and fascism and explain how Mussolini and Hitler came to power. LG 5: Describe the characteristics of totalitarianism and fascism and explain how Mussolini and Hitler came to power. Background Reading (if time) Class Discussion: Based off the reading, how did the global

More information

The Rise of Dictatorships. Mussolini s Italy

The Rise of Dictatorships. Mussolini s Italy FACISM - Italy The Rise of Dictatorships Mussolini s Italy 1919-1943 FASCISM WT*? Very difficult to define: 1. Italian regime 1922-1943. 2. German regime 1933-1945. 3. Spanish regime 1939-1975. Self-defined

More information

1920s: Rise of Dictators

1920s: Rise of Dictators 1920s: Rise of Dictators I. Totalitarian States A. New form of dictatorship B. Governments controlled all parts of citizens lives 1. Used propaganda to control what people thought C. single political party

More information

Rise of Dictators. After WWI Around the World

Rise of Dictators. After WWI Around the World Rise of Dictators After WWI Around the World Emergence of A New Leader A certain type of leader emerged all over the world In between WWI and WWII: Totalitarian Leader AKA! DICTATOR Characteristics: Agreed

More information

AWC II 1718 Assignment 18 Storm Clouds Gather April (due)

AWC II 1718 Assignment 18 Storm Clouds Gather April (due) AWC II 1718 Assignment 18 Storm Clouds Gather April 17-24 (due) FRYE Read Quest Chapter 18 and Sources [see below] Terms to take note of (may appear on a pop quiz of some kind ) The Great Depression Weimar

More information

Unit 5. Canada and World War II

Unit 5. Canada and World War II Unit 5 Canada and World War II There were 5 main causes of World War II Leadup to War 1. The Failure of the League of Nations The Failure of the League of Nations League was founded by the winners of WWI

More information

The Rise of Totalitarian Governments

The Rise of Totalitarian Governments The Rise of Totalitarian Governments Enduring Understanding: The influence of both world wars and the worldwide Great Depression are still evident. To understand the effects these events had on the modern

More information

AP European History Chapter 29: Dictatorships and the Second World War

AP European History Chapter 29: Dictatorships and the Second World War AP European History Chapter 29: Dictatorships and the Second World War Name: Period: Complete the graphic organizer as you read Chapter 29. DO NOT simply hunt for the answers; doing so will leave holes

More information

Section 1: Dictators & Wars

Section 1: Dictators & Wars Chapter 23: The Coming of War (1931-1942) Section 1: Dictators & Wars Objectives Explain how dictators and militarist regimes arose in several countries in the 1930s. Summarize the actions taken by aggressive

More information

AGGRESSORS INVADE NATIONS SECTION 4, CH 15

AGGRESSORS INVADE NATIONS SECTION 4, CH 15 AGGRESSORS INVADE NATIONS SECTION 4, CH 15 VOCAB TO KNOW... APPEASEMENT GIVING IN TO AN AGGRESSOR TO KEEP PEACE PUPPET GOVERNMENT - A STATE THAT IS SUPPOSEDLY INDEPENDENT BUT IS IN FACT DEPENDENT UPON

More information

Hollow Times. 1. Olivia Gregory. 2. Lexi Reese. 3. Heavenly Naluz. 4. Isabel Lomeli. 5. Gurneet Randhawa. 6. G.A.P period 6 7.

Hollow Times. 1. Olivia Gregory. 2. Lexi Reese. 3. Heavenly Naluz. 4. Isabel Lomeli. 5. Gurneet Randhawa. 6. G.A.P period 6 7. Hollow Times World War II was tough but there is no 1. Olivia Gregory 2. Lexi Reese 3. Heavenly Naluz 4. Isabel Lomeli 5. Gurneet Randhawa 6. G.A.P period 6 7. 11/18 Rise of Dictators: Eurasia (Heavenly

More information

Rise of Totalitarianism

Rise of Totalitarianism Rise of Totalitarianism Totalitarian Governments Because of the Depression many people were unhappy with their governments. During the Depression era, many new leaders began making promises to solve the

More information

Section 1: Dictators and War

Section 1: Dictators and War Section 1: Dictators and War Objectives: Explain how dictators and militarist regimes arose in several countries in the 1930s. Summarize the actions taken by aggressive regimes in Europe and Asia. Analyze

More information

UNIT 6 - day 1 THE RISE OF DICTATORS

UNIT 6 - day 1 THE RISE OF DICTATORS WHO? WHAT? WHY? WHO? WHAT? WHY? UNIT 6 WORLD WAR II UNIT 6 - day 1 THE RISE OF DICTATORS weaknesses of versailles The POST-WWI era was much different for THE REST OF THE WORLD than it was for the US!

More information

The Rise of Dictatorships in Europe. Chapter 21 Section 1

The Rise of Dictatorships in Europe. Chapter 21 Section 1 The Rise of Dictatorships in Europe Chapter 21 Section 1 I. Introduction A. European nations had tough time recovering from WWI 1. Caused some to turn to dictatorships B. During 30 s, dictators gained

More information

No clearly defined political program (follow the leader) were nationalists who wore uniforms, glorified war, and were racist. Fascist?

No clearly defined political program (follow the leader) were nationalists who wore uniforms, glorified war, and were racist. Fascist? Fascism Description: a nationalistic movement anti-democratic and anti-communist a strong central government with a single dictator to run the state that glorified the state above the individual No clearly

More information

Chapter 7: Rejecting Liberalism. Understandings of Communism

Chapter 7: Rejecting Liberalism. Understandings of Communism Chapter 7: Rejecting Liberalism Understandings of Communism * in communist ideology, the collective is more important than the individual. Communists also believe that the well-being of individuals is

More information

III. The Rise of Fascism in Italy

III. The Rise of Fascism in Italy III. The Rise of Fascism in Italy Main Idea: Angered by political and economic problems, many Italians turned to Benito Mussolini and fascism for solutions. The Spanish Civil War 1936-39 Mussolini What

More information

From D-Day to Doomsday Part A - Foreign

From D-Day to Doomsday Part A - Foreign UNIT 4 : 1930-1960 From D-Day to Doomsday Part A - Foreign World War I Unresolved Treaty of Versailles increases German nationalism Hitler violates treaty to re-militarize League of Nations has no way

More information

Canada & World War Two ( )

Canada & World War Two ( ) Canada & World War Two (1939-1945) Introduction: Our country's great efforts in the Second World War involved more than one million Canadians and Newfoundlanders serving in the military more than 45,000

More information

Chapter 21: The Collapse and Recovery of Europe s

Chapter 21: The Collapse and Recovery of Europe s Name : Chapter 21: The Collapse and Recovery of Europe 1914-1970s 1. What is another name for WWI? 2. What other events were set in motion because of WWI? I. THE FIRST WORLD WAR: EUROPEAN CIVILIZATION

More information

Unit 5 Canada in the Second World War. 5.1 Causes of war: Treaty of Versailles, Rise of Fascism, Failure of League of Nations, and appeasement

Unit 5 Canada in the Second World War. 5.1 Causes of war: Treaty of Versailles, Rise of Fascism, Failure of League of Nations, and appeasement Unit 5 Canada in the Second World War 5.1 Causes of war: Treaty of Versailles, Rise of Fascism, Failure of League of Nations, and appeasement Invasion of Poland The most immediate cause to the war as the

More information

Who Would You Vote For?

Who Would You Vote For? Who Would You Vote For? Contestant #1 I have had numerous affairs, have selfinterested policies and suffer from ailing health. Contestant #2 I have a drinking habit and a defiant tongue or attitude Contestant

More information

CA1: Germany

CA1: Germany Edexcel GCSE History A and B Controlled Assessment CA1: Germany 1918 39 What are the changes to content from 2013? The content is now structured into the following three bullet points. The green text indicates

More information

World History since Wayne E. Sirmon HI 104 World History

World History since Wayne E. Sirmon HI 104 World History World History since 1500 Wayne E. Sirmon HI 104 World History History 104 World History since 1500 April 12 Online Quiz Chapter 25-Europe April 16 April 17 April 23 Article Four Approval Online Quiz Chapter

More information

Lesson Central Question: What is Fascism and how might it have contributed to the outbreak of WWII?

Lesson Central Question: What is Fascism and how might it have contributed to the outbreak of WWII? Lesson Central Question: What is Fascism and how might it have contributed to the outbreak of WWII? Objectives: Students will be able to explain the political ideology of Fascism. Students will be able

More information

World War II. Part 1 War Clouds Gather

World War II. Part 1 War Clouds Gather World War II Part 1 War Clouds Gather After World War I, many Americans believed that the nation should never again become involved in a war. In the 1930 s, however, war clouds began to gather. In Italy,

More information

Treaty of Versailles Rise of Italian fascism Rise of Hitler and the Nazi Party Great Depression Japanese expansionism Anti-communism Appeasement

Treaty of Versailles Rise of Italian fascism Rise of Hitler and the Nazi Party Great Depression Japanese expansionism Anti-communism Appeasement Treaty of Versailles Rise of Italian fascism Rise of Hitler and the Nazi Party Great Depression Japanese expansionism Anti-communism Appeasement Militarism Nationalism U.S. isolationism Maps Rise of Hitler

More information

Write the letter of the description that does NOT match the name or term.

Write the letter of the description that does NOT match the name or term. Page 1 Write the letter of the description that does NOT match the name or term. 1. Joseph Stalin a. totalitarian b. Communist c. launched a massive drive to collectivize agriculture d. entered into a

More information

BETWEEN WORLD WAR I AND WORLD WAR II,

BETWEEN WORLD WAR I AND WORLD WAR II, BETWEEN WORLD WAR I AND WORLD WAR II, 1919-1939 SSWH17 The student will be able to identify the major political and economic factors that shaped world societies between World War I and World War II. a.

More information

Begins to believe isolationism will not work for the U.S. FDR wanted to : 1) fix the depression at home 2) recognize the USSR (1933), trade

Begins to believe isolationism will not work for the U.S. FDR wanted to : 1) fix the depression at home 2) recognize the USSR (1933), trade 1 2 Begins to believe isolationism will not work for the U.S. FDR wanted to : 1) fix the depression at home 2) recognize the USSR (1933), trade possibilities and counter-weight to Germany in Europe and

More information

TOTALITARIANISM. Friday, March 03, 2017

TOTALITARIANISM. Friday, March 03, 2017 TOTALITARIANISM Friday, March 03, 2017 TOTALITARIANISM Totalitarianism total control over citizens Leadership by single person or party Rejection of democratic government and personal rights and freedoms

More information

THE COMING OF WORLD WAR II

THE COMING OF WORLD WAR II THE COMING OF WORLD WAR II 1935-1941 Georgia Standards SSUSH18 The student will describe Franklin Roosevelt s New Deal as a response to the depression and compare the ways governmental programs aided those

More information

WW II. The Rise of Dictators. Stalin in USSR 2/9/2016

WW II. The Rise of Dictators. Stalin in USSR 2/9/2016 WW II The Rise of Dictators Benito Mussolini: founder of the Fascist Party in Italy. Fascism is an intense form of nationalism, the nation before the individual. Anti-communist Blackshirts, fascist militia

More information

Unit 5. World War II

Unit 5. World War II Unit 5 World War II There were 4 main causes of World War II Leadup to War 1. The Failure of the League of Nations The Failure of the League of Nations Was founded by the winners of WWI in 1919 to create

More information

Fascism Rises in Europe Close Read

Fascism Rises in Europe Close Read Fascism Rises in Europe Close Read Standards Alignment Text with Close Read instructions for students Intended to be the initial read in which students annotate the text as they read. Students may want

More information

The Causes of The Second World War. This resource supports the Free Causes PowerPoint

The Causes of The Second World War. This resource supports the Free Causes PowerPoint The Causes of The Second World War This resource supports the Free Causes PowerPoint The Causes of the Second World War Starter : use the images to help determine six major factors that helped cause the

More information

World War II Exam One &

World War II Exam One & World War II Exam One 2.11.09 & 2.12.09 Standards Assessed: SS5H6 The student will explain the reasons for America s involvement in World War II. a. Describe Germany s aggression in Europe and Japanese

More information

The Rise Of Dictators In Europe

The Rise Of Dictators In Europe The Rise Of Dictators In Europe WWI disillusioned many Americans about further international involvement. The U.S. was in a major depression throughout the 1930s and was mostly concerned with its own problems.

More information

Jeopardy. Luck of the Draw. People Places Dates Events Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200

Jeopardy. Luck of the Draw. People Places Dates Events Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Jeopardy People Places Dates Events Luck of the Draw Q $100 Q $200 Q $300 Q $400 Q $500 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Q $300 Q $300 Q $300 Q $300 Q $400 Q $400 Q $400 Q $400 Q

More information

Unit 5: Crisis and Change

Unit 5: Crisis and Change Modern World History Curriculum Source: This image from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/file:pedestal_table_in_the_studio.jpg is in the public domain in the United States because it was published prior to

More information

German Foreign Policy

German Foreign Policy German Foreign Policy 1933-1939 Presentation by Mr Young Europe after World War I Your Task You are an expert in foreign policy It is your job to advise the new leaders of Germany You will be told about

More information

On your own paper create the following layout LEADER PROBLEMS MAJOR REFORMS

On your own paper create the following layout LEADER PROBLEMS MAJOR REFORMS On your own paper create the following layout LEADER PROBLEMS MAJOR REFORMS EXAMPLES OF TOTALITARIAN RULE Joseph Stalin Benito Mussolini Adolph Hitler Hideki Tojo Francisco Franco Rise of Totalitarianism

More information

The Interwar Years

The Interwar Years The Interwar Years 1919-1939 Essential Understanding: A period of uneven prosperity in the decade following World War I (the 1920s = the Roaring 20s ) was followed by worldwide depression in the 1930s.

More information

Article 51 Article 80: Article 81: Article 87: Article 119: Article 160 Article 231 Rise of Fascism Leading Causes Leading Causes

Article 51 Article 80: Article 81: Article 87: Article 119: Article 160 Article 231 Rise of Fascism Leading Causes Leading Causes THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES Georges Clemenceau: France David Lloyd George: G.B. Woodrow Wilson: USA Wilson s 14 points 1. No secret alliances (A) 2. No body of water claimed by one country 3. Remove economic

More information

Rise of the Totalitarian Rulers

Rise of the Totalitarian Rulers Changes in Governments take over Europe!!! (When leaders control every aspect of your life ). Use,, and to control the citizens. a form of government that is nationalistic to the extreme. is glorified.

More information

Chapter 17 WS - Dr. Larson - Summer School

Chapter 17 WS - Dr. Larson - Summer School Name: Class: _ Date: _ Chapter 17 WS - Dr. Larson - Summer School Matching IDENTIFYING KEY TERMS, PEOPLE, AND PLACES Match each name with his or her description below. You will not use all the names. a.

More information

WORLD WAR II APUSH ROAD TO REVIEWED! 1930 s-1941

WORLD WAR II APUSH ROAD TO REVIEWED! 1930 s-1941 APUSH 1930 s-1941 ROAD TO WORLD WAR II REVIEWED! American Pageant (Kennedy) Chapter 34 American History (Brinkley) Chapter 25-26 America s History (Henretta) Chapter 24 FDR s FOREIGN POLICY U.S. opens

More information

Lead up to World War II

Lead up to World War II Lead up to World War II Overview 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 1910 s 1930 s Event Recap Political Spectrum Rise of Dictators Failure of the League of Nations Preview: Appeasement Compare and Contrast Causes of World

More information

2/26/2013 WWII

2/26/2013 WWII U.S. Led Into WWII 1920-1941 WWII What you ll need to show you know 1. The political and military events that led to U.S. into WWII, the turning points of WWII, results & legacy 2. The causes of the bombing

More information

The Falange Espanola: Spanish Fascism

The Falange Espanola: Spanish Fascism Spanish Civil War The Falange Espanola: Spanish Fascism Fascism reared its ugly head. Similar to Nazi party and Italian Fascist party. Anti-parliamentary and sought one-party rule. Not racist but attached

More information

The United States in a Menacing World CHAPTER 35 LECTURE 1 AP US HISTORY

The United States in a Menacing World CHAPTER 35 LECTURE 1 AP US HISTORY The United States in a Menacing World CHAPTER 35 LECTURE 1 AP US HISTORY FOCUS QUESTIONS: How did the American people and government respond to the international crises of the 1930s? How did war mobilization

More information

World War II. Unit 7: The Great Depression and World War II. Part 5: Dictatorship and Aggression

World War II. Unit 7: The Great Depression and World War II. Part 5: Dictatorship and Aggression World War II Unit 7: The Great Depression and World War II Part 5: Dictatorship and Aggression ObjecQves: 1. Describe how dictators take away people s freedoms. (7.4.4.21.4) 2. Explain how dictators threatened

More information