Name: Interwar Practice

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1 Name: Interwar Practice 1. Which political leader gained power as a result of the failing economy of the Weimar Republic? A) Adolf Hitler B) Francisco Franco C) Benito Mussolini D) Charles de Gaulle 2. Hungry Workers in Petrograd Demand Food 'Peace, Land, and Bread' Promised to All World War I Soldiers Join the People s Rebellion Which event is associated with these headlines? A) Tiananmen Square protests B) Soweto uprisings C) Russian Revolution D) Cuban Revolution 3. Which leader is most closely associated with the rise of fascism in Italy prior to World War II? A) Ho Chi Minh B) Winston Churchill C) Mao Zedong D) Benito Mussolini 4. One similarity between Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini is that both A) led fascist states B) supported communism C) rejected militarism D) remained in power after World War II 5. Base your answer to the following question on Base your answer to the following question on the chart below abd on your knowledge of social studies. Based on the information in this chart, which situation gave rise to Nazi power in Germany? A) global prosperity and trade B) success of the Weimar Republic C) political and economic instability D) expansion of Germany s colonial empire 6. Mussolini Attacks Ethiopia (1935) Germany Takes the Rhineland Back (1936) Germany and Russia Divide Poland (1939) These headlines might be used to illustrate the weakness of the A) United Nations B) Congress of Vienna C) Warsaw Pact D) League of Nations 7. The term appeasement is best defined as A) an attempt to avoid conflict by meeting the demands of an aggressor B) a period of peace and prosperity, resulting in cultural achievement C) a declaration of war between two or more nations D) an agreement removing economic barriers between nations

2 8. Which statement about both the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia and the rise of fascism in Germany and Italy is accurate? A) Economic conditions led to political change. B) Industrialization hindered national development. C) Goals were achieved by peaceful means. D) Communist ideals fueled both movements. 9. What was one reason that totalitarian dictatorships gained power in Europe between World War I and World War II? A) Famine and AIDS spread throughout Europe. B) Trade was banned between western and eastern Europe. C) Governments failed to meet the needs of the people. D) Monarchies were reinstated in many nations. 10. Base your answer to the following question on... The key-stone of the Fascist doctrine is its conception of the State, of its essence, its functions, and its aims. For Fascism the State is absolute, individuals and groups relative. Individuals and groups are admissible in so far as they come within the State. Instead of directing the game and guiding the material and moral progress of the community, the liberal State restricts its activities to recording results. The Fascist State is wide awake and has a will of its own. For this reason it can be described as ethical.... Benito Mussolini, Fascism: Doctrine and Institutions, Howard Fertig, 1932 Which statement expresses the main idea of the passage? A) The people have a right to overthrow ineffective governments. B) The state is more important than the individuals within it. C) The state gets its authority from the power of individuals. D) The establishment of an empire will cause division and chaos. 11. Which situation is an example of totalitarianism in Germany in the 1930s? A) frequent meetings of the German Reichstag B) decline of the German economy C) strict government control of the press D) negotiation of a nonaggression pact with the Soviet Union 12. During the 1930s, a joint act of appeasement by the British and French was A) signing a treaty with Germany to outlaw nuclear weapons B) giving Czechoslovakia's Sudetenland to Germany C) entering into defensive alliance with the United States D) supporting independence for German colonies in Africa 13. Base your answer to the following question on the time line below and on your knowledge of social studies. The rise of aggressive fascist governments in Europe occurred during the period represented by letter A) A B) B C) C D) D

3 Base your answers to questions 14 and 15 on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies. 14. What happened during the 1930s after the "baby" finished the "bottle"? A) He went to sleep peacefully. B) He asked to have different "nursemaids." C) He made more demands. D) He played nicely with other "children." 15. Which policy did the "nursemaids" use to keep the "baby" quiet? A) militarism B) isolationism C) imperialism D) appeasement 16. The Treaty of Versailles punished Germany for its role in World War I by A) forcing Germany to accept blame for the war and to pay reparations B) dividing Germany into four occupied zones C) supporting economic sanctions by the United Nations D) taking away German territory in the Balkans and Spain 17. Which was a major justification used by Japan for empire building in the 1930's and 1940's? A) revenging attacks by aggressive neighbors B) promoting immigration of foreigners C) spreading the Buddhist religion D) obtaining food and raw materials 18. What was a major reason for Japan s invasion of Manchuria in 1931? A) The province of Manchuria was originally a Japanese territory. B) The government of Japan admired Manchurian technical progress. C) The people of Manchuria favored Japanese control. D) Japan needed the natural resources available in Manchuria. 19. The Nuremberg laws are best described as A) efforts of the Roman Catholic Church to punish heresy B) major articles in the Declaration of the Rights of Man C) specific laws contained in Justinian s Code D) anti-semitic laws of 20th-century Germany

4 20. Which sequence of events is in the correct chronological order? A) rise of Nazism Treaty of Versailles German invasion of the Soviet Union B) Treaty of Versailles rise of Nazism German invasion of the Soviet Union C) German invasion of the Soviet Union rise of Nazism Treaty of Versailles D) Treaty of Versailles German invasion of the Soviet Union rise of Nazis 21. Base your answer to this question on the graphic organizer below and on your knowledge of social studies. Which ideology best completes this graphic organizer? A) socialism B) democracy C) capitalism D) fascism

5 22. Base your answer to the question below on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies. Which British foreign policy regarding Germany does this cartoon suggest? A) appeasement B) imperialism C) nationalism D) containment

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