Allied vs Axis. Allies Great Britain France USSR US (1941) Axis Germany Japan Italy

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1 Allied vs Axis Allies Great Britain France USSR US (1941) Axis Germany Japan Italy

2 Who became dictator in Italy in the 1920s? Mussolini

3 What does totalitarian mean? Governtment has control over private and public lives

4 What was the U.S. plan to economically relieve Germany? Loan 200 million to Germany

5 What document blamed Germany for WWI? Treaty of Versailles

6 Three aggressors of WWII Germany Japan Italy

7 Japan invaded what area in 1931? Manchuria For natural resources

8 Mussolini wanted to create this. Colonial empire

9 China was invaded by who in 1937? Japan

10 What were the various economic problems facing Germany during the interwar years? Food shortage Inflation Unemployment Lack of factories

11 Ways in which the Treaty of Versailles limited Germany: Limited military War reparations Took colonies

12 Name of the government in Germany after WWI: Weimar Republic

13 Name of Mussolini s political party: Fascist

14 Major problem with the Weimar Republic: Too many political parties

15 Germany owed $33 billion in: war reparations

16 Name of Hitler s political party: Nazi

17 Name of Stalin s political party: Communist

18 Stalin, Hitler, Mussolini--who had similar political parties? Hitler and Mussolini

19 What did Hitler and Stalin agree to do in 1938? Not attack each other and invade Poland

20 What did the Munich Agreement state? Chamberlain (Britain) and DeGaulle (France) gave Hitler the Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia if he promised not to invade any other countries. This is appeasement and an effort to maintain peace.

21 What was Chamberlain s policy of dealing with Hitler? appeasement

22 France s Prime Minister pre and during WWII? degaulle

23 Prime Minister of Great Britain during inter-war years (before WWII): Chamberlain

24 Ways in which Germany broke the Treaty of Versailles: Didn t pay reparations Built an army and navy Invaded Czech and the Rhineland (between france and germany

25 Define inflation: Drop in the value of money and rise in prices

26 Define appeasement: Giving into a country s demands to avoid war (ex. Munich Conference

27 What Hitler did after gaining the Sudetenland: Invaded czech and Poland

28 What is lebensraum? Living space for Germans. Ideas lead to aggressive foreign policy

29 How did Hitler control information and propaganda? Censorship

30 This process aided Hitler in dropping the unemployment rate: Used militarism to build the army and provide jobs

31 Stalin and Hitler made one of these: Non-aggression Pact

32 September 1, 1939: Invasion of Poland

33 What does blitzkrieg mean? Lightning war: bombing followed by tanks and infantry Poland, France

34 This fell to the Germans in June, 1940: After war begins, France falls

35 What country was Hitler s first blitzkrieg against? Poland

36 Who invaded Poland from the East? USSR

37 Who did Hitler invade in May, 1940? France

38 Country that helped the French at Dunkirk: Great Britain

39 Where did the French gov t in exile flee to? London

40 The French resistance was called this because they were sneaky, not because the dug tunnels. The Underground

41 Why does the Russo-German Non-aggression Pact end in June, 1941? Germany invaded the USSR

42 Why were German losses so high in the USSR? The cold climate and lack of supplies as the Soviets used a scorched-earth strategy

43 What do the Russians do to evade the German invasion? The Soviets used scorched-earth strategy

44 What city s siege led to the death of over a million people? Leningrad

45 Type of war Hitler is forced to fight: Two-front war

46 Allied Leaders DURING war Country Britain France USSR US (1941) US (1945) Leader Churchhill degaulle Stalin Roosevelt Truman

47 Axis Leaders DURING war Country Germany Japan Italy Leader Hitler Tojo (Prime Minister), but Hirohito is the emperor Mussolni

48 U.S. foreign policy during the interwar years: Isolationism

49 1935 and 1937 Congressional Acts that supported isolationism Neutrality Acts

50 Define cash and carry : Allowed Allies to buy arms/ supplies, but had to transport

51 What date is a day that will live in infamy? The attack on Pearl Harbor (1941)

52 What happened December 8, 1941? U.S. declared war on Japan

53 Name the U.S. holdings in the South Pacific: Guam and Phillippines. Japan attacked Pearl Harbor to get them

54 MacArthur s strategy to defeat the Japanese: Island Hopping Conquering less defending islands, because the Japanese were wellentrenched. This is to save lives.

55 City destroyed by incendiary bombs: Tokyo most destructive act

56 Cities bombed with Atomic bombs: Hiroshima and Nagasaki by President Truman

57 Leader of Japan during WWII Tojo: military commander Hirohito: emperor (little power

58 Commander of the U.S. Pacific forces? General Douglas MacArthur

59 Who s policy was appeasement? Chamberlain (PM of England)

60 MacArthur s strategy to defeat the Japanese? Island Hopping

61 City destroyed by incendiary bombs? Tokyo most destructive act of the war

62 What policy did the Munich Conference uphold? appeasement

63 Americans and Filipino soldiers were forced on this? Bataan Death March

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