1 America: Pathways to the Present Chapter 17 World War II: The Road to War ( ) Copyright 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey. All rights reserved.
2 America: Pathways to the Present Chapter 17: World War II: The Road to War Section 1: The Rise of Dictators Section 2: Europe Goes to War Section 3: Japan Builds an Empire Section 4: From Isolationism to War Copyright 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey. All rights reserved.
3 The Rise of Dictators Chapter 17, Section 1 How did Stalin change the government and the economy of the Soviet Union? What were the origins and goals of Italy s fascist government? How did Hitler rise to power in Germany and Europe in the 1930s? What were the causes and results of the Spanish Civil War?
4 Totalitarian Rulers in Europe Chapter 17, Section 1 During the 1930s, totalitarian governments gained power in Germany, Italy, and the Soviet Union. These governments exerted total control over a nation, using terror to suppress individual rights and silence all opposition. Adolf Hitler in Germany and Benito Mussolini in Italy ruled their totalitarian states with a philosophy called fascism. Fascism emphasizes the importance of the nation or an ethnic group and the supreme authority of a leader.
5 Stalin s Soviet Union Chapter 17, Section 1 Stalin s Economic Plans Stalin s state takeover of farmland resulted in a dramatic fall in agricultural production as well as mass starvation. Stalin poured money and labor into industrialization rather than basic necessities such as housing and clothing. Due to Stalin s policies, the Soviet Union soon became a modern industrial power, although one with a low standard of living. Stalin s Reign of Terror To eliminate opposition, Stalin began a series of purges, the removal of enemies and undesirable individuals from positions of power. Stalin s purges extended to all levels of society. Millions were either executed or sent to forced labor camps. Nearly all of those purged by Stalin were innocent. However, these purges successfully eliminated all threats to Stalin s power.
6 Fascism in Italy Chapter 17, Section 1 Benito Mussolini gained power in Italy both by advocating the popular idea of Italian conquest in East Africa and by terrorizing those who opposed him. Once appointed prime minister by the king, Mussolini, calling himself Il Duce, suspended elections, outlawed other political parties, and established a dictatorship. Mussolini s rule improved the ailing Italian economy. Under Mussolini, the Italian army successfully conquered the African nation of Ethiopia in May 1936.
7 Hitler s Rise to Power Chapter 17, Section 1 Hitler s Rise to Power Hitler s Background: Adolf Hitler, an Austrian painter, hated the way the Versailles Treaty humiliated Germany and stripped it of its wealth and land. The Nazi Party: Hitler joined and soon led the Nazi Party in Germany. Nazism, the philosophies and policies of this party, was a form of fascism shaped by Hitler s fanatical ideas about German nationalism and racial superiority. Mein Kampf: While imprisoned for trying to take over the government in November 1923, Hitler wrote Mein Kampf ( My Struggle ). In this book, he proposed that Germany defy the Versailles Treaty by rearming and reclaiming lost land. He also blamed minority groups, especially Jews, for Germany s weaknesses. Hitler Becomes Chancellor: Between 1930 and 1934, the Nazi Party gained a majority in the Reichstag, the lower house of the German parliament. Hitler became first chancellor and then president of Germany. He moved to suppress many German freedoms and gave himself the title Der Führer, or the leader.
8 Germany Rearms and Expands Chapter 17, Section 1 To boost the German economy and to prepare for territorial expansion, the Nazi Party began spending money on rearming Germany. On March 7, 1936, German troops entered the Rhineland, a region in western Germany that the Versailles Treaty explicitly banned them from occupying. However, neither Britain nor France took any action. Also in 1936, Hitler and Mussolini signed an agreement, beginning an alliance between the two nations. Germany, Italy, and later Japan, became known as the Axis Powers. In March 1938, Germany took over Austria. Several months later, Hitler demanded the Sudetenland, a region of Czechoslovakia. Following the policy of appeasement, or giving into a competitor s demands in order to keep the peace, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain agreed to allow Hitler to occupy the Sudetenland.
9 The Spanish Civil War Chapter 17, Section 1 In 1936, military rebels in Spain led by General Francisco Franco attempted to take over the Spanish government. These rebels became known as the Nationalists. The resulting struggle between the ruling Republicans and the rebelling Nationalists led Spain into a civil war. Germany and Italy supported the Nationalists, while the Soviet Union supported the Republicans. In March 1939, the Nationalist army took over the Spanish capital of Madrid and ended the civil war, making Franco the ruler of Spain.
10 The Rise of Dictators Assessment Chapter 17, Section 1 Which of the following describes one way in which the policies of Hitler and Mussolini were similar? (A) Both were allies of Britain and France. (B) Both believed in freedom of speech. (C) Both wanted to expand their nations territory. (D) Both thought the treaty of Versailles humiliated Germany. Which of these best describes appeasement? (A) Rebelling against a government (B) Industrializing a rural economy (C) Giving into a competitor s demands in order to avoid war (D) Rearming a nation in anticipation of expansion Want to link to the Pathways Internet activity for this chapter? Click here!
11 The Rise of Dictators Assessment Chapter 17, Section 1 Which of the following describes one way in which the policies of Hitler and Mussolini were similar? (A) Both were allies of Britain and France. (B) Both believed in freedom of speech. (C) Both wanted to expand their nations territory. (D) Both thought the treaty of Versailles humiliated Germany. Which of these best describes appeasement? (A) Rebelling against a government (B) Industrializing a rural economy (C) Giving into a competitor s demands in order to avoid war (D) Rearming a nation in anticipation of expansion Want to link to the Pathways Internet activity for this chapter? Click here!
12 Europe Goes to War Chapter 17, Section 2 How did the German invasion of Poland lead to war with Britain and France? What wartime victories and setbacks did Germany experience in western Europe? Why was the Battle of Britain an important victory for Britain?
13 Invasion of Poland Chapter 17, Section 2 After Hitler invaded other parts of Czechoslovakia, Britain and France ended their policy of appeasement. They warned Hitler that an invasion of Poland would mean war. Hitler, however, had stopped believing Britain and France. On September 1, 1939, Germany invaded Poland. Britain and France declared war on Germany two days later. Germany quickly overran Poland using a new military tactic called blitzkrieg, or lightening war. Blitzkrieg tactics involved a fast, concentrated attack that took the enemy by surprise. To avoid war on two fronts, Germany signed a nonaggression pact with the Soviet Union. In a secret addition to this pact, the two nations agreed to divide between them the independent states of Eastern Europe.
14 War in the West Chapter 17, Section 2 Early Stages of War in the West Phony War and the Maginot Line: After Poland fell, the war entered a quiet period. The American press called this lack of combat a phony war. France prepared a massive string of fortifications, known as the Maginot Line, along its border with Germany. Germany Attacks: In April and May 1940, Germany attacked and quickly conquered Denmark, Norway, the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg. Dunkirk: When Germany advanced on France, British and French forces retreated to the French coastal city of Dunkirk. From there, hundreds of thousands of soldiers were ferried to Great Britain in one of the greatest rescues in the history of warfare.
15 The Fall of France Chapter 17, Section 2 On June 22, 1940, France officially surrendered to Germany. In accordance with the surrender terms, Germany occupied most of France, while the French government controlled an area known as Vichy France in the south. Vichy France adopted a policy of collaboration, or close cooperation, with Germany. A French Resistance movement, supported by the Free French government in exile in Britain, sought to undermine German occupation. By the summer of 1940, Hitler had conquered most of Western Europe and seemed on the verge of conquering the Allies, the group of countries that opposed the Axis Powers. Britain alone stood against the Axis.
16 German Aggression Chapter 17, Section 2 Between 1939 and 1941, Germany invaded and conquered much of Europe.
17 The Battle of Britain Chapter 17, Section 2 Relentless Attack Before attempting to invade Great Britain, Germany wanted to establish superiority in the air. In August 1940, Germany launched an air assault on Britain, called the Battle of Britain, which continued well into September. At first, Germany only attacked British military sites. However, it later began bombing London and other cities to decrease British morale. Courageous Defense Although greatly outnumbered, Britain s Royal Air Force (RAF) worked to shoot down German bombers. Despite massive losses, the British people kept their will to fight. By February 1940, British scientists cracked the German secret communication code. This enabled Britain to get a general idea of Hitler s battle plans.
18 Europe Goes to War Assessment Chapter 17, Section 2 How did Britain and France react to Hitler s invasion of Poland? (A) They declared war on Germany. (B) They continued their policy of appeasement. (C) They signed a nonagression pact with the Soviet Union. (D) They surrendered to Germany. Why was the Battle of Britain considered a victory for Great Britain? (A) It gave Britain control of Denmark and Norway. (B) It resulted in very little damage to London. (C) It failed to decrease British morale. (D) It helped the French Resistance reconquer France. Want to link to the Pathways Internet activity for this chapter? Click here!
19 Europe Goes to War Assessment Chapter 17, Section 2 How did Britain and France react to Hitler s invasion of Poland? (A) They declared war on Germany. (B) They continued their policy of appeasement. (C) They signed a nonagression pact with the Soviet Union. (D) They surrendered to Germany. Why was the Battle of Britain considered a victory for Great Britain? (A) It gave Britain control of Denmark and Norway. (B) It resulted in very little damage to London. (C) It failed to decrease British morale. (D) It helped the French Resistance reconquer France. Want to link to the Pathways Internet activity for this chapter? Click here!
20 Japan Builds an Empire Chapter 17, Section 3 What were the causes and effects of Japan s growing military power? Why was the Manchurian Incident a turning point for Japan s civilian government? What was the initial outcome of Japan s war against China? Why did Japan look beyond China for future expansion?
21 Growing Military Power Chapter 17, Section 3 Democracy in Crisis After World War I, Japan had established a parliamentary government and granted many citizens the right to vote. When economic conditions worsened during the 1930s, many Japanese became dissatisfied with multiparty democratic government. Rise of Nationalism Several radical groups formed in response to the government s perceived weaknesses. Radicals demanded an end to Western-style institutions and a return to traditional ways. These radicals assassinated several business and political leaders, hoping to force the military to take over the government.
22 The Manchurian Incident Chapter 17, Section 3 By 1930, Japan lacked the land and raw materials to care for its growing population. Many Japanese saw the acquisition of neighboring Manchuria as a solution to these problems. In September 1931, a Japanese army stationed in Manchuria captured several cities. By February 1932, the army had seized all of Manchuria. This seizure came to be known as the Manchurian Incident. Japan set up Manchuria as a puppet state, or a supposedly independent country under the control of a powerful neighbor. After the Manchurian Incident, the military took a much stronger hand in governing Japan, especially in the area of foreign policy.
23 Looking Beyond China Chapter 17, Section 3 Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere In 1940, Japan announced a Greater East Asia Co- Prosperity Sphere, to be led by the Japanese, extending from Manchuria to the Dutch East Indies. Japan declared that this move would liberate Asia from European colonization. However, the real reason was Japan s additional need for natural resources. Alliances and Further Expansion In September 1940, Japan allied itself with Germany and Italy through the Tripartite Pact. Japan began to expand into French Indonesia and the oilrich Dutch East Indies. In April 1941, Japan signed a neutrality pact with the Soviet Union.
24 War Against China Chapter 17, Section 3 In July 1937, Japan resumed its invasion of China. Although China had more manpower than Japan, Japan s superior weapons allowed it to win control of major Chinese cities. The United States and other nations condemned Japan s actions. The United States remained neutral, but the Soviet Union sent war equipment and military advisors to China. Later, Britain sent supplies to the Chinese over the Burma Road, a highway linking Burma to China. Battling political groups in China put aside their differences to fight the Japanese. While Japanese troops controlled the cities, Chinese guerrillas dominated the countryside. The war had reached a stalemate by 1939.
25 Japanese Aggression Chapter 17, Section 3 Japan s gradual expansion in Asia led to war with China in 1937.
26 Japan Builds an Empire Assessment Chapter 17, Section 3 Why did the Japanese military take over Manchuria in 1931? (A) Because Germany and Italy requested that they do so (B) To gain land and raw materials for Japan (C) To expand the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere (D) Because Chinese manpower outnumbered the Japanese forces What was the American response to Japanese expansion? (A) America condemned Japan but remained neutral. (B) America sent supplies to Japan over the Burma Road. (C) America encouraged Japan to gain more territory. (D) America supported Japan s democratic government. Want to link to the Pathways Internet activity for this chapter? Click here!
27 Japan Builds an Empire Assessment Chapter 17, Section 3 Why did the Japanese military take over Manchuria in 1931? (A) Because Germany and Italy requested that they do so (B) To gain land and raw materials for Japan (C) To expand the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere (D) Because Chinese manpower outnumbered the Japanese forces What was the American response to Japanese expansion? (A) America condemned Japan but remained neutral. (B) America sent supplies to Japan over the Burma Road. (C) America encouraged Japan to gain more territory. (D) America supported Japan s democratic government. Want to link to the Pathways Internet activity for this chapter? Click here!
28 From Isolationism to War Chapter 17, Section 4 Why did the United States choose neutrality in the 1930s? How did American involvement in the European conflict grow from 1939 to 1941? Why did Japan s attack on Pearl Harbor lead the United States to declare war?
29 From Isolationism to War Chapter 17, Section 4 Rather than addressing foreign concerns, President Roosevelt focused on domestic issues surrounding the Great Depression during the 1930s. Congress further prevented international involvement by passing a series of Neutrality Acts. The first Neutrality Act prevented the United States from providing weapons to nations at war. The second act banned loans to nations at war. The third act permitted trade of nonmilitary goods with fighting nations, as long as those nations paid cash and transported the cargo themselves. This policy became known as cash and carry. The Neutrality Acts prevented the United States from selling arms even to those nations that were trying to defend themselves from aggression.
30 American Involvement Grows Chapter 17, Section 4 Debating the American Role After the German invasion of Poland, many Americans began to feel that the United States shared the Allies interests. Roosevelt asked Congress to revise the Neutrality Acts to make them more flexible. Isolationists formed the America First Committee to protest increasing American aid to Britain. The Lend-Lease Act In December 1940, Britain confessed its inability to pay cash for supplies. In response, Roosevelt announced a new plan to provide war supplies to Britain without any payment in return. Despite protest from the America First Committee, Congress passed the Lend-Lease Act in March This act authorized the President to aid any nation whose defense he believed was vital to American security.
31 Japan Attacks Pearl Harbor Chapter 17, Section 4 Final Months of Peace In July 1940, Roosevelt began limiting what Japan could buy from the United States. General Tojo Hideki, a militant army officer who supported war against the United States, became prime minister of Japan in October Because they had cracked a top-secret Japanese code, American military leaders knew by November 27 to expect a Japanese attack in the Pacific. However, they did not know where. The Attack On the morning of December 7, 1941, Japanese warplanes attacked the American naval base at Pearl Harbor on the Hawaiian island of Oahu. In less than two hours, thousands of Americans were killed and wounded, and hundreds of American ships and planes were destroyed.
32 United States Declares War Chapter 17, Section 4 The attack on Pearl Harbor stunned Americans. Roosevelt declared December 7, 1941 as a date which will live in infamy. On December 8, Congress passed a war resolution, and Roosevelt signed a declaration of war on Japan. On December 11, Germany and Italy declared war on the United States. America was once again involved in a world war.
33 From Isolationism to War Assessment Chapter 17, Section 4 Which of the following did the Lend-Lease Act provide? (A) Trade in nonmilitary goods to fighting nations (B) An end to loans to nations at war (C) Aid to nations deemed vital to American security (D) Sale of weapons to nations at war What did the America First Committee advocate? (A) More American aid to Britain (B) Less American aid to Britain (C) More American spending on the military (D) Less American spending on the military Want to link to the Pathways Internet activity for this chapter? Click here!
34 From Isolationism to War Assessment Chapter 17, Section 4 Which of the following did the Lend-Lease Act provide? (A) Trade in nonmilitary goods to fighting nations (B) An end to loans to nations at war (C) Aid to nations deemed vital to American security (D) Sale of weapons to nations at war What did the America First Committee advocate? (A) More American aid to Britain (B) Less American aid to Britain (C) More American spending on the military (D) Less American spending on the military Want to link to the Pathways Internet activity for this chapter? Click here!
Name: Class: _ Date: _ Chapter 17 WS - Dr. Larson - Summer School Matching IDENTIFYING KEY TERMS, PEOPLE, AND PLACES Match each name with his or her description below. You will not use all the names. a.
WORLD WAR II Chapters 24 & 25 In the 1930 s dictators rise; driven by Nationalism: desire for more territory and national pride. Totalitarianism: Governments who exert total control over their citizens.
Essential Question: What caused World War II? What were the major events during World War II from 1939 to 1942? CPWH Agenda for Unit 12.3: Clicker Review Questions World War II: 1939-1942 notes Today s
1 2 Begins to believe isolationism will not work for the U.S. FDR wanted to : 1) fix the depression at home 2) recognize the USSR (1933), trade possibilities and counter-weight to Germany in Europe and
15-3: Fascism Rises in Europe 15-4: Aggressors Invade Nations E S S E N T I A L Q U E S T I O N : W H Y D I D I T A L Y A N D G E R M A N Y T U R N T O T O T A L I T A R I A N D I C T A T O R S? Totalitarian
1939-1945 Fascism is a nationalistic political philosophy which is anti-democratic, anticommunist, and anti-liberal. It puts the importance of the nation above the rights of the individual. The word Fascism
WORLD HISTORY WORLD WAR II BOARD QUESTIONS 1) WHO WAS THE LEADER OF GERMANY IN THE 1930 S? 2) WHO WAS THE LEADER OF THE SOVIET UNION DURING WWII? 3) LIST THE FIRST THREE STEPS OF HITLER S PLAN TO DOMINATE
World War II Part 1 War Clouds Gather After World War I, many Americans believed that the nation should never again become involved in a war. In the 1930 s, however, war clouds began to gather. In Italy,
THE COMING OF WORLD WAR II 1935-1941 Georgia Standards SSUSH18 The student will describe Franklin Roosevelt s New Deal as a response to the depression and compare the ways governmental programs aided those
WW II The Rise of Dictators Benito Mussolini: founder of the Fascist Party in Italy. Fascism is an intense form of nationalism, the nation before the individual. Anti-communist Blackshirts, fascist militia
U.S. Led Into WWII 1920-1941 WWII What you ll need to show you know 1. The political and military events that led to U.S. into WWII, the turning points of WWII, results & legacy 2. The causes of the bombing
World War II: The Road to War Pages 566-591 Student Chapter Objectives Describe the Versailles Treaty s and its relationship to Germany in the 1930 s. Explain how Hitler, Mussolini, Stalin and Hirohito
Chapter 23: The Coming of War (1931-1942) Section 1: Dictators & Wars Objectives Explain how dictators and militarist regimes arose in several countries in the 1930s. Summarize the actions taken by aggressive
Rise of Totalitarianism Unit 6 - The Interwar Years I. The Rise of Totalitarianism A. Totalitarianism Defined 1. A gov t that takes total, centralized state control over every aspect of public and private
The Rise of Dictators Ch 23-1 The Main Idea The shattering effects of World War I helped set the stage for a new, aggressive type of leader in Europe and Asia. Content Statement/Learning Goal Analyze the
Section 1: Dictators and War Objectives: Explain how dictators and militarist regimes arose in several countries in the 1930s. Summarize the actions taken by aggressive regimes in Europe and Asia. Analyze
IT BEGINS! LIGHTNING ROUND! We re going to fly through this quickly to get caught up. If you didn t get the notes between classes, you still need to get them on your own time! ITALY One of the 1 st Dictatorships
Chapter Review Chapter Summary Section 1: Dictators and Wars Economic problems and nationalist pride led to the rise of aggressive totalitarian and militaristic regimes in the Soviet Union, Italy, Germany,
Here we go again. EQ: Why was there a WWII? In the 1930s, all the world was suffering from a depression not just the U.S.A. Europeans were still trying to rebuild their lives after WWI. Many of them could
Among the first totalitarian dictators was Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union Stalin s Five Year Plans & collective farms improved the Soviet Union s industrial & agricultural output Stalin was Communist
Causes Of World War II In the 1930 s, Italy, Germany, and Japan aggressively sought to build new empires. The League of Nations was weak. Western countries were recovering from the Great Depression and
World War II Outcome: The European Theater EQ: Elaborate on the Conditions of WWII in Europe, including major battles, events and the scope of the Holocaust. Content Standard 4: The student will analyze
Prelude to War The Causes of World War II The Treaty of Versailles Harsh, bitter treaty that ended WWI Germany must: Accept responsibility for WWI Pay war reparations to Allies Demilitarize the Rhineland
The Rise of Dictators Ch 23-1 The Main Idea The shattering effects of World War I helped set the stage for a new, aggressive type of leader in Europe and Asia. Content Statement/Learning Goal Analyze the
Rise of Dictators After WWI Around the World Emergence of A New Leader A certain type of leader emerged all over the world In between WWI and WWII: Totalitarian Leader AKA! DICTATOR Characteristics: Agreed
What caused World War II A variety of reasonable answers 1. World War I & The Treaty of Versailles 2. The Rise of Totalitarian Governments 3. Failure of the League of Nations 4. Nationalism and Aggression
1 Run Up To WWII 2 Legacies of WWI Isolationism: US isolated themselves from world affairs during 1920s & 1930s Disarmament: US tried to reduce size of militaries throughout world -- did NOT work Kellog-Brand
Standard 10.8.4 Describe the political, diplomatic, and military leaders during the war (e.g. Winston Churchill, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Emperor Hirohito, Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, Joseph Stalin,
8/5/05 Dictators Threaten World Peace Nationalism Grips Europe and Asia Failures of the World War I Peace Settlement Treaty of Versailles causes anger, resentment in Europe Germany resents blame for war,
The U.S. Enters WWII Yesterday, December 7, 1941 a date which will live in infamy the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan. -FDR
EOC Preparation: WWII and the Early Cold War Era WWII Begins Adolf Hitler and Nazi Party were elected to power and took over the German government Hitler held a strict rule over Germany and set his sights
World War II The Paths to War The German Path to War Rise of Adolf Hitler Born in Austria 1889 Rose in German politics as head of the National Socialist German Workers Party (a.k.a. Nazi) Became Germany
World War II 1939-1945 Key Figures Axis- Germany, Italy, Japan, and others Allies- Great Britain, Soviet Union, United States, France, and others Germany Adolf Hitler Totalitarian dictator Fascist (Nazism)
A World in Flames Chapter 24 1931-1941 America and the World Rise of Dictators Versailles Treaty Depression Mussolini-Italy Stalin-Soviet Union Hitler-Germany The Fuhrer Franco-Spain Military-Japan Axis
1 In this 1938 event, the Nazis attacked Jewish synagogues and businesses and beat up and arrested many Jews. 1 Kristallnacht ( Night of Broken Glass ) 2 This 1934 event resulted in Hitler s destruction
1 Dictators Threaten World Peace Nationalism Grips Europe and Asia Failures of the World War I Peace Settlement Treaty of Versailles causes anger, resentment in Europe Germany resents blame for war, loss
Name: Class: Introduction to World War II By USHistory.org 2017 World War II was the second global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The war involved a majority of the world s countries, and it is considered
Chapter 15: Years of Crisis, 1919 1939 Societies undergo political, economic, and social changes that lead to renewed aggression. Unemployed men in a Chicago soup kitchen during the Great Depression (1930).
BW What were the causes of WWI and what was the outcome of that war? WWII Why it s important A. It shaped the US into a world superpower, politically, economically, and militarily. Can we keep this status
Allied vs Axis Allies Great Britain France USSR US (1941) Axis Germany Japan Italy Who became dictator in Italy in the 1920s? Mussolini What does totalitarian mean? Governtment has control over private
SSWH18: EXAMINE THE MAJOR POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC FACTORS THAT SHAPED WORLD SOCIEITES BETWEEN WORLD WAR I AND WORLD WAR II Element D: Explain the aggression of conflict leading to WWII in Europe and Asia;
The Coming of War German Aggression Under Hitler Resentful of the punitive terms of the 1919 Treaty of Versailles, Hitler immediately withdrew Germany from the League of Nations. Ended the payment of all
World War II Causes of the war What is ideology? What is propaganda? 1 A dictator is? What is a totalitarian government? What is a totalitarian dictator? 2 Post-WW1 Problems Treaty of Versailles Rebuilding
Chapter 25: Isolationism and Internationalism CHAPTER 25 o We will examine American foreign policy in Europe and the doctrine of isolationism. o We will examine the attempts at appeasement of Germany and
The Rise of Totalitarian leaders as a Response to the Great Depression NEW POLITICAL PARTIES IN EUROPE BEFORE WWII!! COMMUNISM AND THE SOVIET UNION The problems that existed in Germany, Italy, Japan and
Unit 5 Canada and World War II There were 5 main causes of World War II Leadup to War 1. The Failure of the League of Nations The Failure of the League of Nations League was founded by the winners of WWI
World War II What was WWII Largest war in human history. Involved countries, colonies, and territories around the entire world. By the end, over 70 million were dead. It lasted from 1939 until 1945. Causes
Outline of Content: (Suggestions: Take notes with each assignment and use this out line. You will be reading different sources so it is best for your learning to take notes from the beginning of the unit
Name World War II Causes of World War II U.S. History: Cold War & World War II Treaty of Versailles Caused Germany to: Admit war guilt Give up overseas colonies Lose land to France (Alsace Loraine) Give
Earl WWII Events Activity 1. Underlying Causes of WWII 1. Totalitarianism- Japan = ruled by military Germany and Italy = fascist 2. Militarization in Axis nations (Japan, Italy, and Germany). All building
Standard 7-4: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the causes and effects of world conflicts in the first half of the twentieth century. 7-4.4: Compare the ideologies of socialism, communism,
World War II (1931-1945) Lesson 2 Americans Debate Involvement World War II (1931-1945) Lesson 2 Americans Debate Involvement Learning Objectives Understand the course of the early years of World War II
World History 3201 Unit 03 Multiple Choice from Old Public Exams 1. Which term refers to the union of Austria with Germany in March 1938? a) Anschluss b) Final Solution c) Lebensraum d) Pan-Germanism 2.
World War II Notes Name: Date: Humanities Teacher Name: Directions: You will be responsible for understanding how all the following events/people relate to World War II - its beginnings, its duration or
USSR United Soviet Socialist Republic United States Great Britain FDR Joseph Stalin Winston Churchill Truman Major Leaders of the War Franklin D. Roosevelt (Allied Power) U.S. President Elected in 1933
American Foreign Policy: 1920-1941 Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY Foreign Policy Tensions Interventionism Disarmament Collective security Wilsonianism Business interests Isolationism
ORIGINS OF WORLD WAR II Essential Question: Could World War II have been prevented??? The Great Depression in the United States led to a worldwide depression. This depression and the effects of World War
Treaty of Versailles Rise of Italian fascism Rise of Hitler and the Nazi Party Great Depression Japanese expansionism Anti-communism Appeasement Militarism Nationalism U.S. isolationism Maps Rise of Hitler
WORLD HISTORY TOTALITARIANISM WHAT IS HAPPENING IN THIS POLITICAL CARTOON? WHAT IS THE CARTOONIST SAYING ABOUT TRUMP? WHAT IS THE CARTOONIST SAYING ABOUT OBAMA? HOW DO YOU NOW? TEXT WHAT IS TOTALITARIANISM?
Between Wars World History The postwar period is one of loss and uncertainty but also one of invention, creativity, and new ideas. POSTWAR UNCERTAINTY Revolution in Science Einstein s Theory of Relativity
Chapter 16: World War Looms Dictators Threaten Peace Nationalism Joseph Stalin Takes Over Russia Russian Revolution (1917) Lenin Russia Renamed To control areas, the communists 1 2 3 Totalitarian Benito
The Rise Of Dictators In Europe WWI disillusioned many Americans about further international involvement. The U.S. was in a major depression throughout the 1930s and was mostly concerned with its own problems.
Making of the Modern World 15 Lecture #8: Fascism and the Blond Beast The Blond Beast Friedrich Nietzsche 1844-1900 German Philosopher Genealogy of Morals (1887) Good/Evil vs Good/Bad Slave morality Priestly
Nationalism Treaty of Versailles fascism in Italy Militarism Major Causes of World War II Economic depression Appeasement Hitler and Expansion Japanese expansionism Treaty of Versailles - 1919 Map! The
Chapter 34 - Origins of World War II Section 2 Dictators and Militarists Rise to Power Hitler s violation of the Treaty of Versailles boosted his popularity in Germany. Germans hated paying war reparations,
Commodore Perry, Treaty, 1853 End Japanese Isolation by demonstrating superior naval force introduced interchangeable weapon parts Japan begins rapid industrialization & modernization Root-Takahira Agreement,
At stake in War America enters the fray: 1941-45 A second World War Fascism on the rise in Europe and beyond in the 1920s and 30s: Italy, Germany, Spain In Japan, imperialism and ethnocentrism drives the
Unit 5 World War II There were 4 main causes of World War II Leadup to War 1. The Failure of the League of Nations The Failure of the League of Nations Was founded by the winners of WWI in 1919 to create
Name: US History 2 - Final Exam - 2013-2014 - Part 2 1) The Agricultural Adjustment Administration tried to help farmers by a) helping small farmers become more b) paying them not to grow crops efficient
Unit 6 Benchmark Study Guide Name Period # Date Directions: Use the textbook to answer the questions below. Many of these questions are directly correlated with the benchmark test that you must pass to
American Interwar Foreign Policy: 1920-1941 FQ: TO WHAT EXTENT DID THE GOALS OF AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY CHANGE IN THE INTERWAR YEARS (1920-1941)? PATH TO WORLD WAR II 5Pick up handout from stool 5Get a
Do Now: Early Warning Signs of Fascism This sign hangs in the National Holocaust Museum as a reminder to all of us the dangers brought to the world by fascism: 1) What is Fascism? And why warn people against
TOTALITARIANISM Friday, March 03, 2017 TOTALITARIANISM Totalitarianism total control over citizens Leadership by single person or party Rejection of democratic government and personal rights and freedoms
Objectives Understand the course of the early years of World War II in Europe. Describe Franklin Roosevelt s foreign policy in the mid-1930s and the great debate between interventionists and isolationists.
World War II (1939-1945) Causes for World War II UNDERLYING: Treaty of Versailles unrealistic expectations of the Germans Millions in War Reparations Rules required a completely ineffective German military
Name: Interwar Practice 1. Which political leader gained power as a result of the failing economy of the Weimar Republic? A) Adolf Hitler B) Francisco Franco C) Benito Mussolini D) Charles de Gaulle 2.