TOTALITARIANISM. Friday, March 03, 2017

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1 TOTALITARIANISM Friday, March 03, 2017

2 TOTALITARIANISM Totalitarianism total control over citizens Leadership by single person or party Rejection of democratic government and personal rights and freedoms Use of propaganda to control citizens Censorship of ideas against the government Control of education and media Use of terror and secret police to enforce government orders

3 COMMUNISM Empower proletariat, working class, and take away power from capitalists Ends all class differences and private property Collectivization: society will own property together Society controls industry, production and business Social Changes No need for religion Communal education Overthrow democratic and capitalist societies

4 SOCIALISM Same principles as communism but not the ideas of a violent revolution Create and economic system where working classes share in wealth Society would collectively own businesses and control production

5 RUSSIA STALINISM Stalinism: a brutal form of communism Joseph Stalin became the leader of the Communist Party in 1928 He exiled his biggest rival, Leon Trotsky, and created a totalitarian state He made the country into an industrial power

6

7 RUSSIA STALINISM Great Purge: terrorized members of the Communist party who he saw a threat Five Year Plans: change economy from agricultural to industrial economy Collectivization: confiscated small farms and merged with big farms and forced peasants to work

8 TOTALITARIANISM Friday, March 03, 2017

9 FASCISM Fascism: extreme form of nationalism and power to the state State is above the individual All-powerful leader backed by the military Denied people of individual rights and freedoms Upholds private property and claimed that some people were stronger than others Created unity and spirit special salutes, rallies and military parades, elite military groups, terror tactics

10 ITALY Benito Mussolini Il Duce Founded Fascist Party in 1919 Black Shirts: supporters who attacked communists or socialists Won support of industrialists and large land owners

11 ITALY 1922 Fascist Party marched on Rome King Emmanuel made Mussolini leader of the government Used secret police and censorship to maintain power Increased size of the military and invaded Ethiopia in 1935 and 1937

12 GERMANY Adolf Hitler Fuhrer Helped found the National Social German Workers Party Nazi Party Brown Shirts: special troops who used the swastika as their symbol He tried to overthrow the Weimar Republic in 1923 but was imprisoned

13 GERMANY Mein Kampf believed Germans were master race Aryans 1933 named chancellor and began creating a totalitarian state Gestapo: secret police to enforce control Controlled economy, built factories and infrastructure, built up the military

14 JAPAN MILITARISM Militarism military control of the government Modern industries outpaced Great Britain and Germany Military leaders blamed government for depression Said Japan needed more land and natural resources expansionism

15 JAPAN MILITARISM 1931 Military leaders invaded Manchuria and killed the Prime Minister when he tried to stop them 1937 leaders invaded China which united the Chinese people to fight the foreigner

16 JOT THOUGHT WHAT ARE THE CHARACTERISTICS OF A COMMUNIST GOV. & ECONOMY ONE POLITICAL PARTY IS IN CONTROL OF THE GOV. DIRECT CONTROL OF THE ECONOMY: BY THE GOV OWNING BOTH THE RESOURCES AND MEANS OF OPERATION (FARMS) (COMPANIES) (BUSINESSES) (FACTORIES) & WHAT THEY PRODUCE TO EQUALLY GIVE TO ITS POPULATION WHAT ARE THE CHARACTERISTICS OF A FASCIST GOV. & ECONOMY A DICTATOR IS IN CONTROL OF THE GOV. DIRECT CONTROL OF THE ECONOMY: BY REQUIRING PRIVATE LAND OWNERS, FARMERS, PRIVATE COMPANIES, & PRIVATE BUSINESSES & TO PRODUCE FOR GERMAN INTERESTS

17 JOT THOUGHT WHAT ARE THE CHARACTERISTICS OF A COMMUNIST GOV. & ECONOMY MONEY NOT NEEDED NO BUYING OR SELLING ABOLISHES SOCIAL CLASSES MILITARY USED TO ENFORCE THE SYSTEM WHAT ARE THE CHARACTERISTICS OF A FASCIST GOV. & ECONOMY MAINTAIN A CURENCY FOR BUYING ANS SELLING MAINTAINS A SOCIAL CLASS MILITARY USED TO ENFORCE THE SYSTEM

18 TOTALITARIANISM---ISM FASCISM COMMUNISM SOCIALISM NAZISM TOTALITARIANISM STALINISM

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