The Last Czar: Nicholas II and Alexandra 6.1

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1 The Last Czar: Nicholas II and Alexandra 6.1 totalitarian: dictatorship: petition: civil liberties: universal: emancipation: hemophilia: List reasons why Russia's Czar Nicholas II became increasingly unpopular during his reign?

2 The March Revolution of decree: provisional: Russian Socialist Party Why were the Mensheviks, not the Bolsheviks, able to establish a government in the aftermath of Russia's March Revolution of 1917?

3 The October "Bolshevik" Revolution of What was Lenin's simple message to the people of Petrograd? ",, and." The Russian Civil War The October Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 Why did Kerensky's Social Democratic government fall in the Bolshevik Revolution of October, 1917?

4 Leninism and the U.S.S.R. 6.4 incentive: peasantry: soviet: + = U.S.S.R. = CPSU = of the Identify the three ways by which LENINISM differed from MARXISM? MARXISM LENINISM

5 Stalinism 6.5 collectivization: famine: gulag: purge: intelligensia: STALINISM LEFT-WING RIGHT-WING (General Secretary of the CPSU) Leaders NEP Agriculture Industrialization Revolution (General Secretary of the CPSU) Describe the effects of each of the following aspects of Joseph Stalin s rule on the Soviet Union? Collectivization of Agriculture: The Five-Year Plans: Comintern: The Great Purge: How did Stalin's "Twenty-One Conditions" for joining Comintern contribute to the rise of Fascism in Europe?

6 LENINISM Leninism and the U.S.S.R. MARXISM 1848 COMMUNISM STALINISM

7 Benito Mussolini and the Rise of Italian Fascism 6.6 fascism: anti-semitic: unemployment: paramilitary: List the factors that allowed the fascist Benito Mussolini to establish his dictatorial rule over Italy by 1926: What was the meaning of Mussolini's nickname, "Il Duce"?

8 Revolution and Instability in Post-War Germany 6.7 hyperinflation: German Federal Election, 1920! Distribution of seats in the Reichstag! In the 1920 German Federal Election for the Reichstag,! what was the total percentage of voters who voted for:! Left: "communist" and "social democratic" parties? % Right: "people's" parties? % What percentage of German voters would be considered to be "in the middle"? What is the message of the German propaganda poster at left?! Translate the phrase at the bottom:! The! Dawes! Plan! Belgium! Britain! France! Why did Germany experience hyperinflation during the 1920s? How was the hyperinflation crisis resolved?

9 Adolf Hitler and the Rise of German National Socialism ( ) 6.8 platform: Fuehrer: treason: manifesto: N S D A P!! Why did the Nazis believe Germany lost the Great War?!!!!!!! Summarize the political philosophy and goals for Germany expressed by Hitler in his manifesto, Mein Kampf, or.!!! -!!! -!!! -!!! -!!! -!!! -!!! -! Why, ultimately, did Hitler seek power through the democratic process?

10 Adolf Hitler and the Rise of German National Socialism ( ) 6.9 Left! Radicals! Liberals! Conservatives! Right! revolutionary Δ! moderate Δ (reform)! little to no Δ (tradition)! Communism!!! Fascism! BQ1: How did many Germans react, politically, as How did many Germans react, politically, as Germany's economic situation improved in the late 1920s? Social Democratic (29.8%) Nationalist (14.2%) Catholic Center (12.1%) Communist (10.6%) People's (8.7%) Democratic (4.9%) Economic (4.5%) Bavarian People's (3.0%) National Socialist (2.6%) Landvolk (1.8%) others (7.5%) Why, in the election of 1928, were German voters largely unreceptive to the message of Hitler and the Nazi Party?!

11 The Great Depression 6.10 decadent: depression: THE NEW YORK STOCK EXCHANGE! Highlight the following three phrases using your three highlighters:! - the Roaring 20s! - the Crash of the NYSE! - the Great Depression! Highlight the corresponding phases of the! Great Depression on the graph at left.! PREDICT: How might the economic devastation of the Great Depression impact support for the Nazi Party in Germany? Why? (Use the political spectrum to explain your answer).

12 Adolf Hitler and the Rise of German National Socialism ( ) 6.11 incumbent: Reichstag Election Results Election Year Communists Social Catholic NSDAP Democrats Centre Party 1920 May % 20.5% 13.4% 6.5% Dec % 26.0% 13.6% 3.0% May 1928 Sep % Jul % Nov % 20.4% 11.9% Mar % 18.3% 11.7% 43.9% Nov % 0.0% 0.0% 92.1% Why did the Nazi share of the national vote drop in the election of November, 1932? Why, despite this drop, did President Hindenburg appoint Hitler as Chancellor just two months later?

13 Reichstag Election Results ( )! 39%! 33%! 27%! 21%! 15%! 9%! 3%! 1920! May! 1924! Dec! 1924! May! 1928! Sep! 1930! Jul! 1932! Nov! 1932! Mar! 1933! A! B! C! D! Nov! 1933! --- Communist Party of Germany! --- Social Democratic Party! --- Catholic Centre Party! --- National Socialist German Workers Party! A.! B.! C.! D.! Why did the Nazi's share of the vote increase so dramatically after events C and D?

14 Adolf Hitler and the Rise of German National Socialism ( ) 6.12 What three factors allowed Hitler to turn democratic power into absolute, dictatorial power?

15 The Nazification of Germany 6.13 concentration camp: ideology: denounce: Images from the propaganda film "." Why did the Nazis commission the production of the propaganda film shown above?

16 Jews in the Third Reich 6.14 boycott: pogrom: synagogue: "Germans! Protect Yourselves! Don't buy from Jews!" "Don't buy from Jews. Buy in German shops!" How did the Nuremberg Laws of 1935 define the position of Germany's Jews within the Third Reich?

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