World History II Final Exam Study Guide. Mr. Rarrick. Name:

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1 Mr. Rarrick Name:

2 I. World War I 1. What effort did Alfred Nobel make toward peace? 2. Who had the largest standing army in 1914? 3. Where did the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand take place? 4. Most historians blame whom for World War I? 5. Who made up the Allies 6. What new technology helped create a stalemate on the Western Front? 7. What did the women do during the war? 8. Wilson s Fourteen Points called for self-determination of 9. Roughly, how many people died in the World War I? 10. What was a leading cause of international tension in the early 1900s? 11. What was one result of militarism? 12. What was the main intention of the alliances formed among European nations? 13. World War I was the first 14. The Allies used their colonies for 15. Why did governments censor the press during the war? 2

3 16. Why did women give up their jobs at the end of the war? 17. What promise did Vladimir Lenin make and keep when he came to power in Russia? 18. What helped to persuade the Americans to enter the war? 19. How were American soldiers the most help to the Allied effort? 20. What helped start World War I? 21. How did the Germans first respond to the assassination of the archduke? 22. How did Germany respond when Russia began to mobilize for war? 23. Why did the British declare war on Germany? 24. What goal for the postwar peace was shared by the British and French leaders? 25. What was imposed on Germany by the Treaty of Versailles? 26. What country gained its independence following World War I? II. Inter War Years 27. What two radical political ideas did some see as an answer to economic problems? 28. What was a main weakness in the American and world economy in the 1920 s? 3

4 29. What is one way that the Great Depression affected the world economy? 30. A disagreement over what country caused tensions between Britain and France? 31. During the 1920 s, the United States congress passed laws that did what? 32. Scientific advances in the 1920s included Einstein s theory of and the discovery of. 33. pioneered psychoanalysis, the study and treatment of the mind. 34. Literature in the postwar period-reflected writers; loss of faith in. 35. art revolted against civilization and defied logic. 36. was a type of music that combined western harmonies with African rhythms. 37. Gains in women s rights during the 1920s were. 38. Problems in postwar Italy included 39. Men, women, and children in Italy were bombarded with slogans glorifying 40. Under fascism, youth in Italy were taught 4

5 41. Fascists pursued 42. One element that fascism and communism had in common was 43. Part of the reason that fascism appealed to Italians was that it promised 44. For what did many Germans blame the Weimer Republic? 45. What did Hitler promise to do for Germany? 46. What changes in Germany obscured people s judgment about Hitler? 47. Under the Nazis, what was considered to be women s true profession? 48. What was Hitler s Final Solution? III. World War II 49. What position did the United States take as conflict-engulfed Europe? 50. What was one reason Hitler signed a nonaggression pact with Stalin? 51. What German action finally caused Britain and France to declare war? 52. New invention called detected aircraft 53. To try to demoralize the British, Hitler launched. 54. By early 1942, the Japanese had conquered lands from to the western Pacific 55. As men went off to war, who took their place in factories and offices? 5

6 56. The 1944 invasion called D-Day was aimed at German forces in what area? 57. What was the campaign to recapture Japanese-held islands in the Pacific called? 58. What happened at the Elbe River in April 1945? 59. How did the Allies end the war with Japan? 60. The state of tension between nations without armed conflict between the main rivals was known as the IV. Cold War 61. List 3 consequences of the Cuban missile crisis 62. The goal of the Soviet Union policy known as De-Stalinization was to 63. The Cuban missile crisis pitted Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev against President 64. In the summer of 1968, forces from Warsaw Pact nations invaded 65. The policy of détente was mainly intended to 66. Why did the United States and the USSR distrust each other after World War II? 67. In the 1940s and 1950s, what did the region described as being behind the iron curtain include? 68. What was the purpose of the Truman Doctrine? 6

7 69. What was the name of the alliance established by European Communist nations in response to NATO? 70. What European countries could receive aid through the Marshall Plan? 71. What led the Soviets to blockade West Berlin? 72. What leader won China s civil war, and what name did he give to the country? 73. What circumstances contributed to the breakdown of the alliance between the United States and the Soviet Union? 74. What was the Marshall Plan intended to do? 75. The imaginary line of secrecy and mistrust that separated the USSR and Eastern Europe from the West was known as 7

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