JEFFERSONIAN DEMOCRACY ( ) ELECTION OF 1800 ELECTION OF 1800 JEFFERSON S PHILOSOPHY EXAMPLE POLICIES A NATION OF FARMERS

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1 JEFFERSONIAN DEMOCRACY ( ) ELECTION OF 1800 Revolution of 1800 Adams v. Jefferson (again) Major Issues: - Expansion of Military - Foreign Affairs - Alien & Sedition Acts 1 2 ELECTION OF 1800 DR President DR Congress Federalist Supreme Court JEFFERSON S PHILOSOPHY Small govt. Majority rule Strict Constructionism Agrarian Democracy 3 4 A NATION OF FARMERS Govt. support farming Cities; factories corrupt people End land speculation Limit power of upper class EXAMPLE POLICIES Westward expansion Free/cheap farm land Small Army/Navy Cut taxes and govt. spending 5 6

2 LOUISIANA PURCHASE (1803) French Revolution ends FRENCH EMPIRE Napoleon becomes Emperor Spain cedes Louisiana to France 7 8 LOUISIANA PURCHASE (1803) Napoleonic Wars ($$) Loses Haiti (last colony) Sells Louisiana to US US doubles in size Americans begin to push west 9 10 WIKI POST- JEFFERSONIAN?? Jefferson, and the Republicans, believed in a strict interpretation of the Constitution More importantly, they believed in using only the enumerated powers of govt. (i.e. no use of the Elastic Clause). In your opinion, was the Louisiana Purchase an example of his Republican beliefs? Or did Jefferson act more like a Federalist, using a loose interpretation in this acquisition? Please explain your answer

3 LEWIS & CLARK ( ) MORE PROBLEMS W/ BRITAIN & FRANCE Napoleonic Wars ( ) Problems w/ neutrality Hurts US trade Blockades Impressment - Created land route to Pacific Ocean 13 - Discovered 300 new species - Richness of West documented; fuels expansion 14 BLOCKADE EMBARGO ACT (1807) Jefferson wants neutrality Stop abuses by Britain & France Embargo Act: Goal: Respect US neutrality Underestimates France & Britain US REACTIONS TO EMBARGO ACT POLITICAL CARTOON c Hurts US more than Europe Public Outrage! US Exports in 1806: $108 Million US Exports in 1808: $22 Million Recession 17 18

4 BARBARY PIRATES, ARRR! - Mediterranean Sea - Capture ships; ransom - Demand tribute - No Navy; need warships? - Barbary Wars (1802) - to the shores of Tripoli WAR OF 1812 ( ) WAR OF 1812 MAJOR BATTLES War w/ Britain 3 years Mr. Madison s War MA refuses to fight Star Spangled Banner Unexpected Result: Increases Local Manufacturing Invasion of Canada Battle of Washington, DC Battle of Baltimore Battle of New Orleans MAJOR BATTLES USS CONSTITUTION ( C. 1812) Old Ironsides Still in Boston Harbor today!! 23 24

5 IMPACTS OF WAR Increase in factories (N.) US borders remain same Increased sectionalism (N. v. S.) Andrew Jackson --> military hero HARTFORD CONVENTION (1814) Federalist response to war Mr. Madison s War Worried about status of New England Refused to send militias to fight in war Secession? Treason? 25 Convention marks the end of the Federalist Party in US politics! 26 HARTFORD CONVENTION (1814) ERA OF GOOD FEELINGS ( ) HENRY CLAY'S AMERICAN SYSTEM EFFECTS OF AMERICAN SYSTEM Boost economy; industrial growth 1.) Protective Tariffs 2.) Internal Improvements 3.) Creation of 2 nd US Bank Road/Bridge construction Transportation networks for interstate trade Expand Army/Navy US Bank stabilizes currency; dollar becomes more valuable 29 Promote nationalism 30

6 ERIE CANAL (1817) CUMBERLAND ROAD (1811) TRANSPORTATION NETWORKS c ERA OF GOOD FEELINGS Easy passage of DR laws Govt. gets along Virginia Dynasty Jefferson Madison Monroe JACKSON TAKES FLORIDA (1819) - Spain controls FL BORDER NEGOTIATIONS ( ) - Rush-Bagot Treaty (1817) - Border problems (Indian attacks) - Convention of 1818 (duh!) - Monroe to Jackson: Stop border raids - Jackson invades FL; Spain surrenders - Adams-Onis Treaty (1819) - Annexation of Florida (1819) - Annexes FL 35 36

7 US BOUNDARIES C MISSOURI COMPROMISE (1820) MO: Slave or Free? Applies as slave-state Blocked by North MISSOURI COMPROMISE (1820) LET'S MAKE A DEAL!!!!! Clay to make compromise Terms: 1.) MO is slave state 2.) ME is free state ) Slavery illegal NORTH of MO MONROE DOCTRINE (1820) SECTIONALISM INCREASES... Monroe post-war President ( ) No major accomplishments Goal: end European colonization in Americas Create national identity 41 MO Compromise = Slavery a big issue Country begins to divide: North & South; Free & Slave Meanwhile, Americans continue to push west What to do about... Arkansas? Oregon? Kansas? Nebraska? 42

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