President James Monroe. Elected in 1816 (Democratic- Republican [Republican]) Two Terms: Era of Good Feelings Monroe Doctrine

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1 President James Monroe Elected in 1816 (Democratic- Republican [Republican]) Two Terms: Era of Good Feelings Monroe Doctrine

2 John Quincy Adams Monroe s Secretary of State Architect of the Monroe Doctrine Wide experience in international politics Brilliant thinker and politician Son of 2nd president, John Adams and future president ( )

3 Treaties w/ John Quincy Adams Rush-Bagot Agreement Limited naval armament on Great Lakes Established unfortified boundary with Canada British American Convention Established the US-Canadian border along the 49th parallel Signaled better relations with the British and British Canada Adams-Onis Treaty (Florida Land Purchase) Andrew Jackson attacked raiders from Florida Spain ceded Florida to the US Western boundary w/ Spain settled (New Spain) Spain nearly done as a colonial power Mexican Revolution of 1821 would oust Spanish rule and establish Mexican independence.

4 The West and Northwest,

5 JQ Adams - Treaties

6 U.S.-British Boundary Settlement, 1818

7 Rush-Bagot Treaty Naval Disarmament Treaty with Britain -- negotiated by JQ Adams US and Great Britain also agree to joint-occupation of the Oregon Territory for the next 10 years

8 The Southeast,

9 The Monroe Doctrine 1823 (Sec. Of State - John Quincy Adams) No more European colonization in Western Hemisphere US dominance of Western Hemisphere established

10 The Monroe Doctrine QuickTime and a Sorenson Video 3 decompressor are needed to see this picture.

11 Implications in the Western Hemisphere US dominance until the present US role in Latin American affairs European direct influence limited

12 Nationalism (Cultural and Political) and the Era of Good Feelings Star-Spangled Banner (1814 Francis Scott Key) Basically a one-party system (Democratic-Republicans) Solidified American expansion and borders Secured US as a respected nation Growth of a national economy Webster s school speller Various paintings of Revolutionary War heroes, etc.

13 Supreme Court Nationalism JOHN MARSHALL COURT continually supports the power of the federal government over the states Why? He is a FEDERALIST Marbury v. Madison established the principle of judicial review (constitutional vs. unconstitutional) [Judiciary Act of 1789]

14 Supreme Court Nationalism McCulloch v. Maryland - State of Maryland sued the Bank of the United States in Baltimore for taxes court ruled that states could not impose taxes on federal government Gibbons v. Ogden New York gave a monopoly on ferry service across the Hudson River court ruled that a state did not have that power only the federal government regulates INTERstate commerce.

15 Supreme Court Nationalism Martin v. Hunter s Lessee Supreme Court has authority over state courts in civil matters of federal law deals with land ownership (Denny Martin in VA was a Loyalist) Dartmouth v. Woodward Privacy of contracts are protected by the federal government

16 The Era of Good Feelings QuickTime and a Sorenson Video 3 decompressor are needed to see this picture.

17 Economic Nationalism Tariff of high tariff rates to protect US industry American System proposed by Henry Clay and John Calhoun Panic of nd Bank of US (BUS) - tighter money supply State banks closed = money deflated (lost value) Hardest hit was the WEST Changed politics Political changes as a result of economic changes: Changes in old Republican Party (Jefferson s Democratic- Republicans) Federalist party = Dead Splits emerge in (Jeffersonian) Republican party based on regional differences

18 Evolution of Major Parties

19 Panic of 1819 QuickTime and a Sorenson Video 3 decompressor are needed to see this picture.

20 The American System (Henry Clay) Henry Clay proposed an American System which called for: Protective tariffs National bank Internal (transportation and infrastructural improvements Not a formal document or plan Tariff and bank were in place. National leaders differed on the spending of federal money on road-building and other improvements

21 Missouri Statehood Missouri - applied for statehood in 1819 Balance of free and slave states in question Tallmadge Amendment - limited attempt ot eliminate slaver in MO - angered southern states Henry Clay (Kentucky) proposed a compromise: 1. MO Admitted as a slaveholding state 2. Maine Admitted as a free state Louisiana Territory - north of N - slavery prohibited Monroe signed in 1820

22 The Missouri Compromise and Slavery,

23 The Missouri Compromise,

24 Map 9.3 The Missouri Compromise, (p. 272)

25 The Missouri Compromise QuickTime and a Sorenson Video 3 decompressor are needed to see this picture.

26 Election of 1824 John Quincy Adams Henry Clay Andrew Jackson National Republican Whig Democrat

27 Corrupt Bargain Election Jackson 41% Electoral Vote Adams 31% Electoral Vote Clay 18% Electoral Vote NO ONE HAS A MAJORITY!!!! Election goes to House of Representatives Clay was Speaker of the House from Kentucky

28 Corrupt Bargain Election Clay threw his support as Speaker of the House behind John Quincy Adams Adams won in the House Clay was appointed to the office of Secretary of State Jacksonian Democrats cried foul play and corruption Clay wanted to be Secretary of State because that was the stepping stone office to the Presidency

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