Democratic Republican Era

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Democratic Republican Era"

Transcription

1 Democratic Republican Era Thomas Jefferson s Administration James Madison s Administration James Monroe s Administration Jefferson Madison Monroe Following the election of 1800, the Democratic Republicans took power for the next 25 years Also known as the Virginia Dynasty

2 The Era of Good Feelings? ( ) Political differences seemed to disappear, which caused a Boston newspaper to coin this time in American history as The Era of Good Feelings. The period following the War of 1812 was marked by an absence of political parties in the United States. This helped forge a sense of national unity. Upon President Monroe s visit to Boston, there seems to be a sense of an Era of Good Feelings. Benjamin Russell, Columbian Centinel

3 The Election of 1816 [The Demise of the Federalist Party!] In the election of 1816, James Monroe faced almost no opposition. The Democratic- Republicans nominated James Monroe of Virginia. The Federalists nominated Rufus King. Monroe won the election by an overwhelming majority. I m related to David Crosby

4 James Monroe [ ] Monroe s Programs a high tariff to protect American industries a national bank internal improvements -roads and canals-in the United States

5 Monroe s s Cabinet Quincy Adams perhaps the best? Secretary of State John Quincy Adams A bulldog among spaniels Secretary of Treasury William Crawford Secretary of War John C. Calhoun Crawford Calhoun

6 The Convention of 1818 In the years following the War of 1812, Secretary of State John Quincy Adams and President James Monroe moved to resolve long-standing disputes with Great Britain. In the Convention of 1818, the United States and Great Britain set the official boundary between the United States and Canada at the 49th parallel.

7 The West & the NW: Adams also gained the right to settle in the Oregon Country.

8 The Fight for Florida Spain claimed that she owned East and West Florida. The United States, however, contented that West Florida was part of the Louisiana Purchase. In 1810 to 1812, Americans added West Florida to the states of Louisiana.

9 President s Orders President Monroe instructed Jackson to lead a campaign in Georgia against the Seminole Indian raids. Jackson believed the only way to secure Georgia was to take Florida. "Let it be signified to me through any channel... that the possession of the Floridas would be desirable to the United States, and in sixty days it will be accomplished. Mr. Jackson I will give you orders that were purposely ambiguous, sufficient for international denials so I don t take the blame. "Let it be signified to me through any channel... that the possession of the Floridas would be desirable to the United States, and in sixty days it will be accomplished.

10 Court Martial General Jackson? In April 1818, General Andrew Jackson invaded East Florida and captured two Spanish forts. He had been instructed to stop Seminole raids on American territory from Florida. In capturing the forts, however, Jackson went beyond his instructions and hanged two British officers. (this is in Spanish territory, an act of defiance in their land) WAR! Luis de Onis, the Spanish minister to the United States, demanded the punishment of Jackson and his officers. Secretary of War John Calhoun and most of President Monroe s cabinet suggested that Jackson be court-martialed. John Quincy Adams disagreed.

11 Quincy Adams Response "Spain must immediately [decide] either to place a force in Florida adequate at once to the protection of her territory... or cede to the United States a province, of which she retains nothing but the nominal possession, but which is, in fact... a post of annoyance to them." Quincy Adams used Jackson's conquest, and Spain's own weakness, to get Spain to cede Florida to the United States by the Adams-Onis Treaty. Jackson was subsequently named military governor and served from March 10, 1821, to December 31, 1821! (Instead of being hanged)!

12 Adams-Onis Treaty, 1819 [ The Transcontinental Treaty ] Spain was having troubles in South America, and Adams figured that the Spanish give up its claim in Florida. Adams was right. In 1819, the United States and Great Britain signed the Adams- Onis treaty. The United States purchased all of Florida for five million dollars. The two countries also agreed between the United States and Spanish possessions in the West. The border extended northwest from the Gulf of Mexico to the 42nd parallel and then west to the Pacific, giving the United States a large piece of territory in the Pacific Northwest.

13

14 The American System Henry Clay, The Great Compromiser Tariff of 1816 Chartering of the Second Bank of the United States [BUS]. Internal improvements at federal expense. - National Road In an 1824 speech, Henry Clay proposed the American System to benefit all sections of the United States. The American System included a protective tariff to stimulate the growth of the nation s industries; a program of internal improvements, especially the building of roads and canals, to stimulate trade; and a national bank to promote one currency throughout the nation and to lend money to build developing industries.

15 A New Form of Federalism Support for a high tariff to protect American industries and generate revenue for the federal government Maintenance of high public land prices to generate federal revenue Preservation of the Bank of the United States to stabilize the currency and rein in risky state and local banks Development of a system of internal improvements (such as roads and canals) which would knit the nation together and be financed by the tariff and land sales revenues

16 This 1831 cartoon ridiculing Clay's American System depicts monkeys, labeled as being different parts of a nation's economy, stealing each other's resources (food) with commentators describing it as either great or a humbug.

17 Critics of the American System WEST got roads, canals, and federal aide. EAST got the backing of protective tariffs from the West SOUTH?? Not everyone, however, saw Clay s program in such a positive way. Former president Thomas Jefferson and many people in the South believed the American System favored the wealthy manufacturing classes in New England.

18 The Tariff of 1816 Daniel Webster of Massachusetts, who served in both houses of Congress, opposed a high tariff, which would protect American industries from foreign competition. Daniel Webster gained fame as one of the best orators, or public speakers, of his time. Higher taxes at the expense of free trade At this time it was Great Britain flooding our markets, not CHINA! The tariff's "great object was to raise revenue, not to foster manufacture," and that it was against "the true spirit of the Constitution" to give "excessive bounties or encouragements to one [industry] over another." Daniel Webster

19 A Second Bank of the United States A Second Bank of the United States to provide sound currency and free the government from having to borrow from many different banks Not chartered in 1811 because of the War of 1812; re-chartered in 1816 for another 20 years. Ironically, many of the Congressmen who voted against the First National Bank, voted for the Second National Bank!

20 Organization of the Bank Not really a national bank, because it was independent from the federal government (privately held banking corporation) It helped the federal government maintain its finances It also helped lend money to citizens for speculation of land Created a money bubble in the economy from post War of 1812 to 1833

21 National [Cumberland] Road The different regions disagreed on the need for tariffs, a national bank, and internal improvements. Internal improvements were federal, state, and privately funded projects, such as canals and roads, to develop the nation s transportation system.

22

23 John Loudon McAdam, 1823

24 The Erie Canal E Despite the lack of federal support, in 1817, New York began one of the most ambitious transportation projects of the era finished in E 363 miles Albany to Buffalo. The Hudson River to the Albany River E Much farther than any other American or European canal.

25

26 The Industrial Revolution A shift to machine production and manufacturing, which began in Great Britain in the mid-1700 s with the invention of new spinning machines (tried to keep their new technology secret) Mass production manufacturing large quantities of goods Samuel Slater came to the United States and financed the construction of the first spinning mill Eli Whitney interchangeable parts in the manufacturing of firearms and the Cotton Gin

27 The Panic of 1819 CAUSES??? Late in 1818, the Second Bank of the United States ordered state banks to demand repayment of all loans. Also required state banks to exchange notes with gold and silver Few banks could do this and resulted in the Panic of 1819, a chain reaction of bank failures, falling land prices,, and foreclosures Economic depression for next several years

28 Sectionalism and States Rights The United States Supreme Court also became involved in sectional and states rights issues at this time. The state of Maryland imposed a tax on the Baltimore branch of the Second Bank of the United States-a federal institution. The Bank of the United States refused to pay the state tax, and the case, McCullough v. Maryland, reached the Supreme Court in 1819.

29 McCullough v. Maryland Chief Justice John Marshall ruled that Maryland had no right to tax the Bank because it was a federal institution. He argued that the Constitution and the federal government received their authority directly from the people, and not state governments. Necessary and Proper. The states had no right to interfere with the Bank. "If any one proposition could command the universal assent of mankind, we might expect it would be this that the government of the Union, though limited in its power, is supreme within its sphere of action."

30 James Monroe won reelection in 1820, winning all but one of the electoral votes. However, the Era of Good Feeling did not last very long. By the time Monroe s administration came to an end, regional differences surfaced, ending the period of national harmony. As a result, most Americans felt a strong allegiance to the region where they lived. This sectionalism, or loyalty to a region, became more intense as differences arose over national policies. The Election of 1820

31 The Compromise of 1820: A Fire bell in the Night! Sectional tensions increased over the issue of admitting new states into the Union. The problem revolved around the question of slavery. The South wanted Missouri, a part of the Louisiana Territory, admitted as a slave state. Northerners wanted Missouri to be a free state.

32 Missouri Compromise Eventually, after much debate, Henry Clay of Kentucky worked out a agreement called the Missouri Compromise. In March 1820, the Missouri Compromise provided for the admission of Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state. This agreement banned slavery in the remainder of the Louisiana Territory north of the 36 degrees 30 parallel....but this momentous question, like a fire bell in the night, awakened and filled me with terror. I considered it at once as the knell of the Union. it is hushed indeed for the moment. but this is a reprieve only, not a final sentence. a geographical line, coinciding with a marked principle, moral and political, once conceived and held up to the angry passions of men, will never be obliterated; and every new irritation will mark it deeper and deeper. Thomas Jefferson

33 The Tallmadge Amendment All slaves born in Missouri after the territory became a state would be free at the age of 25. Passed by the House, not in the Senate. The North controlled the House, and the South had enough power to block it in the Senate.

34 The Monroe Doctrine, 1823 Referred to as America s Self-Defense Doctrine 1. What foreign policy principles are established? Monroe Doctrine 2. What warning is given to the European countries? 3. What would the US do if the warning was not headed?

35 A President s Message On December 2, 1823, President James Monroe proclaimed the Monroe Doctrine in his Seventh Annual Message to Congress, to put an end to further European intervention in South America. This pronouncement had a dual origin and a dual purpose. First, it resulted from Russia s attempt to increase her control along the northwest coast of America. Second, the doctrine was provoked by the fear of European interference in South America to assist Spain in the recovery of her Latin American colonies, and gave warning against any such intervention.

36 A Joint Declaration? Matters relating to Spanish America were first discussed in a conference between the American minister to London, Richard Rush, and the British Foreign Secretary, George Canning. The British secretary suggested the issuance of a joint declaration by any foreign power in South America. President Monroe, after reviewing Canning s proposals, called upon his cabinet for consideration of the British overtures. After much debate, President James Monroe issued a unilateral statement to curtail the European menace offered in the Western Hemisphere. Everyone in Monroe s cabinet supported a joint declaration, everyone but one person, Secretary of State John Quincy Adams.

37 An Unilateral Declaration The occasion has been judged proper for asserting, as a principle in which the rights and interests of the United States are involved, that the American continents, by the free and independent condition which they have assumed and maintain, are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers.... James Monroe, Address to Congress, December 2, 1823 (with the help of JQA)

38

Division of Labor: giving each worker one or two simple jobs.

Division of Labor: giving each worker one or two simple jobs. Chapter 12 The Nation Grows (1815-1830) Section 1 Industries take Root Industrial Revolution: the growth of industry eventually produced changes so great that this time in history is called the Industrial

More information

netw rks Reading Essentials and Study Guide Growth and Division, Lesson 1 American Nationalism ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS Reading HELPDESK

netw rks Reading Essentials and Study Guide Growth and Division, Lesson 1 American Nationalism ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS Reading HELPDESK and Study Guide Lesson 1 American Nationalism ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS How did the nation s economy help shape its politics? How did the economic differences between the North and the South cause tension? Reading

More information

Chapter 8:THE ERA OF GOOD FEELINGS:

Chapter 8:THE ERA OF GOOD FEELINGS: Chapter 8:THE ERA OF GOOD FEELINGS: Objectives: We will the study the effects of postwar expansion and continued economic growth in shaping the nation during the "era of good feelings" We will study the

More information

Question: Based on the picture above, what assumptions can we make about the period of time following the War of 1812?

Question: Based on the picture above, what assumptions can we make about the period of time following the War of 1812? Hook Answer the following question on the top of pg. 65 (Notebook). Cue Column 2 ½ in. Study Questions/Main Ideas Fourth of July Celebration in Centre Square, Philadelphia (1819) by John Lewis Krimmel

More information

Chapter 9 A New National Identity The Big Idea The United States peacefully settled disputes with foreign powers. Holt McDougal,

Chapter 9 A New National Identity The Big Idea The United States peacefully settled disputes with foreign powers. Holt McDougal, Chapter 9 A New National Identity The Big Idea The United States peacefully settled disputes with foreign powers. MAIN IDEA 1: THE UNITED STATES AND GREAT BRITAIN SETTLED THEIR DISPUTES OVER BOUNDARIES

More information

Madison & Monroe. Presidencies

Madison & Monroe. Presidencies James James Madison & Monroe Presidencies Where we are March 1797: President John Adams takes office. 1796-1800: XYZ Affair, Quasi-War with France, Alien & Sedition Acts, VA & KY Resolutions 1801-1804:

More information

The Presidency of James Monroe

The Presidency of James Monroe The Presidency of James Monroe James Monroe 1758 1831 Democratic-Republican 5 th President (1817-25) Last President to have participated in the Revolution Former Governor of Virginia, Secretary of State,

More information

The term Era of Good Feelings refers to the period of American history when there seemed to be political harmony during the Monroe administration.

The term Era of Good Feelings refers to the period of American history when there seemed to be political harmony during the Monroe administration. The term Era of Good Feelings refers to the period of American history when there seemed to be political harmony during the Monroe administration. 1 2 In 1816, James Monroe became president, inaugurating

More information

Balancing Nationalism and Sectionalism

Balancing Nationalism and Sectionalism 7 QUIT Balancing Nationalism and Sectionalism CHAPTER OBJECTIVE INTERACT WITH HISTORY TIME LINE GRAPH SECTION 1 Regional Economics Create Differences SECTION 2 Nationalism at Center Stage MAP SECTION 3

More information

1. How did the colonists protest British taxes? Pg They boycotted, petitioned the English government, and signed nonimportation

1. How did the colonists protest British taxes? Pg They boycotted, petitioned the English government, and signed nonimportation Topic 3 1. How did the colonists protest British taxes? Pg 88-89 They boycotted, petitioned the English government, and signed nonimportation agreements 2. How did the British respond to the Boston Tea

More information

The Americans (Survey)

The Americans (Survey) The Americans (Survey) Chapter 7: TELESCOPING THE TIMES Balancing Nationalism and Sectionalism CHAPTER OVERVIEW American leaders devise a farsighted policy of improvements as North, South, and West develop

More information

Name Date Class KEY TERMS AND NAMES

Name Date Class KEY TERMS AND NAMES Chapter 7, Section 1 For use with textbook pages 240 244 AMERICAN NATIONALISM KEY TERMS AND NAMES Era of Good Feelings phrase used to describe James Monroe s presidency because of the harmony in national

More information

Chapter 10, Section 1 (Pages ) Economic Growth

Chapter 10, Section 1 (Pages ) Economic Growth Chapter 10, Section 1 (Pages 304 309) Economic Growth Essential Question What effects did the Industrial Revolution have on the U. S. economy? Directions: As you read, complete a graphic organizer like

More information

DRAWING FROM EXPERIENCEII

DRAWING FROM EXPERIENCEII Chapter 10, Section 1 For use with textbook pages 306 311 ECONOMIC GROWTH KEY TERMS Industrial Revolution A new way of working and producing goods (page 307) capital Money invested to start new businesses

More information

HIST 1301 Part Three. 9: Nation Building and Nationalism

HIST 1301 Part Three. 9: Nation Building and Nationalism HIST 1301 Part Three 9: Nation Building and Nationalism Territorial Expansion Between 1792 and 1821 several new states joined the Union. Kentucky, 1792 Tennessee, 1796 Ohio, 1803 Louisiana, 1812 Indiana,

More information

Economic Growth. Guided Reading Activity. Growth and Expansion. Answering Questions DIRECTIONS: As you read the section, answer the questions below.

Economic Growth. Guided Reading Activity. Growth and Expansion. Answering Questions DIRECTIONS: As you read the section, answer the questions below. Guided Reading Activity Growth and Expansion Section Economic Growth Give yourself enough time to read and understand the text. Don t rush through it. Take your time and pause to reread sections or to

More information

The Missouri Compromise and The Monroe Doctrine

The Missouri Compromise and The Monroe Doctrine The Missouri Compromise and The Monroe Doctrine President James Monroe Monroe ran for President in 1816 as a Democratic-Republican and won easily against the last Federalist presidential candidate Rufus

More information

Balancing Nationalism and Sectionalism

Balancing Nationalism and Sectionalism Balancing Nationalism and Sectionalism Regional Economies Create Differences Samuel Slater brought the Water Frame to Rhode Island from Great Britain in 1789. It was used to spin raw cotton into cotton

More information

President James Monroe. Elected in 1816 (Democratic- Republican [Republican]) Two Terms: Era of Good Feelings Monroe Doctrine

President James Monroe. Elected in 1816 (Democratic- Republican [Republican]) Two Terms: Era of Good Feelings Monroe Doctrine President James Monroe Elected in 1816 (Democratic- Republican [Republican]) Two Terms: 1816-1824 Era of Good Feelings Monroe Doctrine John Quincy Adams Monroe s Secretary of State Architect of the Monroe

More information

The Antebellum Era ( ): The Rise of Jacksonian Democracy Part 1

The Antebellum Era ( ): The Rise of Jacksonian Democracy Part 1 The Antebellum Era (1781-1860): The Rise of Jacksonian Democracy Part 1 B. Building a Nation (Colonization-ca. 1877) 1. Colonization and Forging a Nation K. Identify and evaluate the political and territorial

More information

An ERA OF GOOD & BAD FEELINGS. Nationalism & Sectionalism after the War of 1812 A07EW

An ERA OF GOOD & BAD FEELINGS. Nationalism & Sectionalism after the War of 1812 A07EW An ERA OF GOOD & BAD FEELINGS Nationalism & Sectionalism after the War of 1812 A07EW 10.1015 Results of the War of 1812 Draw militarily Small war and insignificant in military terms. Important consequences

More information

Era of Good Feelings:

Era of Good Feelings: Era of Good Feelings: 1815-1825 After the War of 1812 Americans finally have international respect The Republicans are the only political party James Monroe, the third member of the Virginia Dynasty, is

More information

JEFFERSONIAN DEMOCRACY ( ) ELECTION OF 1800 ELECTION OF 1800 JEFFERSON S PHILOSOPHY EXAMPLE POLICIES A NATION OF FARMERS

JEFFERSONIAN DEMOCRACY ( ) ELECTION OF 1800 ELECTION OF 1800 JEFFERSON S PHILOSOPHY EXAMPLE POLICIES A NATION OF FARMERS JEFFERSONIAN DEMOCRACY (1800 1828) ELECTION OF 1800 Revolution of 1800 Adams v. Jefferson (again) Major Issues: - Expansion of Military - Foreign Affairs - Alien & Sedition Acts 1 2 ELECTION OF 1800 DR

More information

Varieties of American Nationalism. Chapter 8: History 103

Varieties of American Nationalism. Chapter 8: History 103 Varieties of American Nationalism Chapter 8: History 103 Boom to Bust post war boom leads to Panic of 1819 Why did the Panic of 1819 occur? Banking and Currency 1811: First Bank of the United States expired

More information

Chapter 7 Balancing Nationalism and Sectionalism

Chapter 7 Balancing Nationalism and Sectionalism Chapter 7 Balancing Nationalism and Sectionalism Changes in manufacturing launch an Industrial Revolution. Slavery and other issues divide the North and South. Andrew Jackson has popular appeal but uproots

More information

Monroe, the Era of Good Feelings, and the Election of 1824

Monroe, the Era of Good Feelings, and the Election of 1824 Monroe, the Era of Good Feelings, and the Election of 1824 A Boston newspaper coined the years of the Monroe Administration as the Era of Good Feelings After the War of 1812, Americans felt a sense of

More information

Level 2 THE ERA OF GOOD FEELINGS

Level 2 THE ERA OF GOOD FEELINGS Level 2 THE ERA OF GOOD FEELINGS Vocabulary Sectionalism: loyalty to a section of a country instead of the nation itself Inflation: Protective Tariff: tax on imported goods Internal Expansion: continued

More information

Chapter 8: Varieties of American Nationalism

Chapter 8: Varieties of American Nationalism Chapter 8: Varieties of American Nationalism "...but this momentous question, like a fire bell in the night, awakened and filled me with terror. I considered it at once as the death knell of the Union.

More information

James Monroe and The Era of Good Feelings. The Role of Politics in Sectionalism

James Monroe and The Era of Good Feelings. The Role of Politics in Sectionalism James Monroe and The Era of Good Feelings The Role of Politics in Sectionalism James Monroe 1758 1831 Dem.-Republican 5 th President (1817-25) Last President to have participated in the Revolution Former

More information

Jeopardy Monroe Harrison

Jeopardy Monroe Harrison Jeopardy Monroe Harrison 1817-1841 Good Vibrations Eccentric Elections Jackson: Good or Bad? Monroe -Tyler Jeopardy Court Conundrums Get this Party started! $100 $100 $100 $100 $100 $200 $200 $200 $200

More information

An Early Republic. George Washington. Dept./Office Head Function

An Early Republic. George Washington. Dept./Office Head Function Name An Early Republic George Washington What does the Executive Branch look like? Dept./Office Head Function State Department Thomas Jefferson Dept. of Treasury Alexander Hamilton Dept. of War Henry Knox

More information

CH. 8: GROWTH OF A NATIONAL ECONOMY

CH. 8: GROWTH OF A NATIONAL ECONOMY 1 2 3 4 CH. 8: GROWTH OF A NATIONAL ECONOMY 1790-1850 Mr. Anderson, M.Ed., J.D. Review Who was John Marshall? Which president appointed him? What is he best remembered for? The Industrial Revolution Section

More information

Nationalism at Center Stage

Nationalism at Center Stage Nationalism at Center Stage 1807-Robert Fulton installed a steam engine on a boat, & cruised up the Hudson River from New York City to Albany- 150 miles in 32 hours The boat-the Clermont-luxurious, with

More information

Jefferson to Jackson Study Guide

Jefferson to Jackson Study Guide 1. What is the significance of 36 30? a. It would grant each state north of this line the right to slavery and make slavery to the south illegal. b. It would grant each state south of this line the right

More information

The Role of Politics in Sectionalism

The Role of Politics in Sectionalism The Role of Politics in Sectionalism James Monroe 1758 1831 Dem.-Republican 5 th President (1817-25) Last President to have participated in the Revolution Former Gov. of VA, Secretary of State, and Secretary

More information

Chapter 8 Exam. Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Multiple Choice

Chapter 8 Exam. Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Multiple Choice Multiple Choice Chapter 8 Exam Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Which statement about the election of 1824 is true? a. Most people did not think a military

More information

Using the arguments you and your classmates analyzed from the primary sources of the time, should the United States go to war with Britain?

Using the arguments you and your classmates analyzed from the primary sources of the time, should the United States go to war with Britain? FROM LAST CLASS Using the arguments you and your classmates analyzed from the primary sources of the time, should the United States go to war with Britain? Write a clear thesis statement to answer the

More information

R E A D T H I S F I R S T!

R E A D T H I S F I R S T! R E A D T H I S F I R S T! Period 4 (1800 1848) Review Sheet Chapters 9 12 the America s History Textbook Welcome to Period 4! This period accounts for roughly 10% of the exam. In past exams, this period

More information

US History Module 1 (A) Lesson 3. A New Nation

US History Module 1 (A) Lesson 3. A New Nation US History Module 1 (A) Lesson 3 A New Nation Forming a New Government Fears and concerns about the form of government affects planning of new government Experimenting with Confederation 1781 Congress

More information

History 1301 U.S. to Unit 2 - Lecture 4 ~

History 1301 U.S. to Unit 2 - Lecture 4 ~ History 1301 U.S. to 1877 Unit 2 - Lecture 4 ~ The Era of Good Feeling Post-war Economics: Post-war boom led to bust in 1819 National weaknesses shown by War experience Second National Bank chartered in

More information

The Early Republic

The Early Republic The Early Republic 1789-1828 Essential Questions What challenges faced the new nation under the Constitution? How did the first American political parties emerge? How did the Supreme Court establish its

More information

The Triumph of Democracy

The Triumph of Democracy Name: Give Me Liberty!, Chapter 10 Video Guide Big Idea Questions Who wrote The Liberator? What is the cult of domesticity? Guided Notes The Triumph of Democracy Jackson s inauguration Seen as the Man

More information

Warm Up. 1 Why is Monroe s presidency referred to as The Era of Good Feeling :

Warm Up. 1 Why is Monroe s presidency referred to as The Era of Good Feeling : Warm Up 1 Why is Monroe s presidency referred to as The Era of Good Feeling : 2 What factors led to the end of the Federalist Party during the elec@on of 1816? 3 List and explain two causes of division

More information

The Treaty of Ghent War of 1812 is considered a stalemate Dec. 1814

The Treaty of Ghent War of 1812 is considered a stalemate Dec. 1814 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Map war1812 The Battle of Thames River, Oct. 5, 1813 US military victory led by General William H. Harrison Tecumseh was killed during this battle Naval Battles The Battle of Lake Erie

More information

Consequences of the War of 1812

Consequences of the War of 1812 Consequences of the War of 1812 Collapse of Federalist Party Era of Good Feelings Monroe Presidency 18161824 Bring factions togethersimilar to Washington Last of Revolutionary Founding Fathers Appointed

More information

378. Purchase of Florida Under the Adams-Onis Treaty, Spain sold Florida to the U.S., and the U.S. gave up its claims to Texas.

378. Purchase of Florida Under the Adams-Onis Treaty, Spain sold Florida to the U.S., and the U.S. gave up its claims to Texas. Note Cards 351. Embargo of 1807, opposition This act issued by Jefferson forbade American trading ships from leaving the U.S. It was meant to force Britain and France to change their policies towards neutral

More information

4.1 NATIONALISM & SECTIONALISM AMERICAN HISTORY I UNIT 4 ERA OF GROWTH AND DISUNION DAY 1 NATIONALISM & SECTIONALISM

4.1 NATIONALISM & SECTIONALISM AMERICAN HISTORY I UNIT 4 ERA OF GROWTH AND DISUNION DAY 1 NATIONALISM & SECTIONALISM 4.1 NATIONALISM & SECTIONALISM AMERICAN HISTORY I UNIT 4 ERA OF GROWTH AND DISUNION DAY 1 NATIONALISM & SECTIONALISM NATIONALISM: AN ERA OF GOOD FEELINGS What is NATIONALISM? First, let s define NATION.

More information

Washington, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, Jackson, and Polk Presidencies

Washington, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, Jackson, and Polk Presidencies Washington, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, Jackson, and Polk Presidencies 1. George Washington (1789-1797) - Created a cabinet of advisors 1. Secretary of War - Henry Knox 2. Secretary of the Treasury - Alexander

More information

The Big Idea The expansion of voting rights and the election of Andrew Jackson signaled the growing power of the American people.

The Big Idea The expansion of voting rights and the election of Andrew Jackson signaled the growing power of the American people. Jacksonian Democracy The Big Idea The expansion of voting rights and the election of Andrew Jackson signaled the growing power of the American people. Main Ideas Democracy expanded in the 1820s as more

More information

Expansion, Nationalism,& Sectionalism ( )

Expansion, Nationalism,& Sectionalism ( ) Expansion, Nationalism,& Sectionalism (1800-1865) President Adams John Adams was Washington s VP Adams ran for election in 1796 and won He faced 2 difficult tasks: war from abroad & growing political party

More information

A. True or False Where the statement is true, mark T. Where it is false, mark F, and correct it in the space immediately below.

A. True or False Where the statement is true, mark T. Where it is false, mark F, and correct it in the space immediately below. AP U.S. History Name Chapter 12 The Second War for Independence and the Upsurge of Nationalism, 1812-1824 A. True or False Where the statement is true, mark T. Where it is false, mark F, and correct it

More information

Section 1: The era begins with the end of the War of 1812 (1815) & the election of James Monroe (1816)

Section 1: The era begins with the end of the War of 1812 (1815) & the election of James Monroe (1816) Name: Class Period: Due Date: / / Reading Assignment: Ch. 8 AMSCO or other resources for Period 4 content. Directions: Pre-Read: Read the prompts/questions within this guide before you read the chapter.

More information

CHAPTER 2, SECTION 2. The Growth of the Nation

CHAPTER 2, SECTION 2. The Growth of the Nation CHAPTER 2, SECTION 2 The Growth of the Nation Big Ideas: After the War of 1812, more Americans began to see themselves as members of a nation rather than only identifying themselves by a region or state.

More information

Unit 4: { Politics Economics Society

Unit 4: { Politics Economics Society Unit 4: 1800-1848 { Politics Economics Society Established Cabinet of close advisers French Revolution Neutrality Proclamation Organized troops against Whiskey Rebellion BIG PICTURE IMPACT: Promoted unity;

More information

1/4/2010. Monroe Presidency in 6 Parts THE ERA OF GOOD FEELING. The American System. Cumberland Road: East to West (Westward Movement and Expansion)

1/4/2010. Monroe Presidency in 6 Parts THE ERA OF GOOD FEELING. The American System. Cumberland Road: East to West (Westward Movement and Expansion) Monroe Presidency in 6 Parts 1815-1824 THE ERA OF GOOD FEELING The American System Panic of 1819 Missouri Compromise Monroe Doctrine Adams-Onis Treaty Convention of 1818 The American System Begun under

More information

Market revolution and political democracy expanded the public sphere and drastically increased printing Application of steam power led to the cost of

Market revolution and political democracy expanded the public sphere and drastically increased printing Application of steam power led to the cost of 1 2 3 4 Market revolution and political democracy expanded the public sphere and drastically increased printing Application of steam power led to the cost of printing being reduced, "alternative" newspapers

More information

1. It disappeared after President James Monroe s landslide election victory in 1816.

1. It disappeared after President James Monroe s landslide election victory in 1816. Chapter 10: A Changing Nation 1815-1840 Section 1: Building National Identity 1. It disappeared after President James Monroe s landslide election victory in 1816. 2. You were to put an X on the chart next

More information

High School Lesson Plan: James Monroe Museum. The Era of Good Feelings

High School Lesson Plan: James Monroe Museum. The Era of Good Feelings High School Lesson Plan: James Monroe Museum The Era of Good Feelings Table of Contents Standards of Learning and Objectives 3 Pre-Visit Plan 4 On-Site Activity 5 Post-Visit 7 Directions 8 2 Standards

More information

ERA OF GOOD FEELINGS

ERA OF GOOD FEELINGS ERA OF GOOD FEELINGS Big Idea As the US expanded, there was more debate over slavery and new attempts at compromise New western states continued to enter the Union -New states: IN, IL, MS, AL President

More information

The Making of a Nation: James Monroe, Part 1

The Making of a Nation: James Monroe, Part 1 The Making of a Nation: James Monroe, Part 1 President James Madison retired after eight years in office. His Republican Party chose another Virginian, James Monroe, as its next presidential candidate.

More information

2) Use your notes, information collected from my classroom website or other internet resources

2) Use your notes, information collected from my classroom website or other internet resources 1) Create an episode map on the Presidency of James Madison 2) Use your notes, information collected from my classroom website or other internet resources 1817-1825 I. In the election of 1816 James Monroe

More information

THE FIRST 350-ISH YEARS:

THE FIRST 350-ISH YEARS: REVIEW AMERICAN HISTORY TUBBS THE FIRST 350-ISH YEARS: from the AGE OF COLUMBUS thru the SECTIONALISM CRISIS OF THE 1850s DIRECTIONS. Indicate the single best response, according to information provided

More information

Age of Jackson. 7 pages

Age of Jackson. 7 pages Age of Jackson 7 pages James Monroe 1817-1825 He is still president U.S. Territory The United States in 1819 (the light orange and light green areas were not then U.S. territory). The Missouri Compromise

More information

Period 4: ( ) Chapter 12: 2 nd War of Independence/Upsurge in Nationalism ( )

Period 4: ( ) Chapter 12: 2 nd War of Independence/Upsurge in Nationalism ( ) Period 4: (1800-1848) Chapter 12: 2 nd War of Independence/Upsurge in Nationalism (1812-1824) EQ: What economic, political and social challenges did the new nation face in its infancy in the early 19 th

More information

Eighth Grade Social Studies United States History Course Outline

Eighth Grade Social Studies United States History Course Outline Crossings Christian School Academic Guide Middle School Division Grades 5-8 Eighth Grade Social Studies Chapter : Early Exploration of the Americas How do new ideas change the way people live? Why do people

More information

The Young Republic: The Early Years. The Young Republic Test Packet due & test day:

The Young Republic: The Early Years. The Young Republic Test Packet due & test day: The Young Republic: The Early Years The Young Republic Test Packet due & test day: The Early Nation Vocabulary Name: Define each of the following words in regards to the early development of the nation:

More information

s Era of Good Feelings s Why was it called this?

s Era of Good Feelings s Why was it called this? s Era of Good Feelings s Why was it called this? s For such an era to exist, what would have to be NOT present in other words what stressful issues would have to be reslved in order to have an Era of Good

More information

Advanced Placement United States History Test: Jeffersonian Democracy

Advanced Placement United States History Test: Jeffersonian Democracy Advanced Placement United States History Test: Jeffersonian Democracy Bradberry 1. Which of the following statements about the American System is correct? a) it was set up by the Treaty of Ghent at the

More information

Balancing Nationalism and Sectionalism CHAPTER 7

Balancing Nationalism and Sectionalism CHAPTER 7 Balancing Nationalism and Sectionalism CHAPTER 7 Section 1 Regional Economies Create Differences Do Now: An industrial revolution is a change in economic and social conditions marked by a significant increase

More information

STUDENT NAME DATE ID TAKS-M BENCHMARK. Grade 8 Social Studies

STUDENT NAME DATE ID TAKS-M BENCHMARK. Grade 8 Social Studies STUDENT NAME DATE ID TEACHER NAME CLASSROOM PERIOD TAKS-M BENCHMARK Grade 8 Social Studies Students, This test will measure your progress in the material you have covered in your class and readiness for

More information

What four men ran for president and what parts of the country did they represent?

What four men ran for president and what parts of the country did they represent? Chapter 12 The Age of Jackson pg. 366 389 12 1 Politics of the People The Election of 1824 What four men ran for president and what parts of the country did they represent? Why was the election of 1824

More information

MARKING PERIOD 1. Shamokin Area 7 th Grade American History I Common Core I. UNIT 1: THREE WORLDS MEET. Assessments Formative/Performan ce

MARKING PERIOD 1. Shamokin Area 7 th Grade American History I Common Core I. UNIT 1: THREE WORLDS MEET. Assessments Formative/Performan ce Shamokin Area 7 th Grade American History I Common Core Marking Period Content Targets Common Core Standards Objectives Assessments Formative/Performan ce MARKING PERIOD 1 I. UNIT 1: THREE WORLDS MEET

More information

APUSH Chapter Lecture Notes

APUSH Chapter Lecture Notes APUSH Chapter 11+12 Lecture Notes Chapter 11: The Triumphs and Travails of the Jeffersonian Republic, 1800 1812 I. The Triumphs and Travails of the Jeffersonian Republic A. The Election of 1800: Adams

More information

The Making of a Nation Program No. 42

The Making of a Nation Program No. 42 The Making of a Nation Program No. 42 James Monroe, Part 3: The Election of 1824 From VOA Learning English, welcome to the Making of a Nation, our weekly program of American history for people learning

More information

Guided Reading & Analysis: Nationalism and Economic Development, Chapter 8- Nationalism and Economic Development, pp

Guided Reading & Analysis: Nationalism and Economic Development, Chapter 8- Nationalism and Economic Development, pp THIS IS A TRADITIONAL & OPTIONAL ASSIGNMENT IT MUST BE PRINTED AND COMPLETED IN INK! Name: Class Period: Due Date: / / Guided Reading & Analysis: Nationalism and Economic Development, 1816-1848 Chapter

More information

Unit 3- Hammering Out a Federal Republic

Unit 3- Hammering Out a Federal Republic Name: Class Period: Unit 3- Hammering Out a Federal Republic Key Concepts FOR PERIOD 3: Key Concept 3.2: The American Revolution s democratic and republican ideals inspired new experiments with different

More information

Name: 8 th Grade U.S. History. STAAR Review. Early Republic

Name: 8 th Grade U.S. History. STAAR Review. Early Republic 8 th Grade U.S. History STAAR Review Early Republic FORT BURROWS 2018 VOCABULARY Rebellion- an effort by many people to change the government or leader of a country by the use of protest or violence Excise

More information

Unit 3 Test Review (Study Guide) 1) Who were some of the important figures in George Washington's administration?

Unit 3 Test Review (Study Guide) 1) Who were some of the important figures in George Washington's administration? Name: Unit 3 Test Review (Study Guide) 1) Who were some of the important figures in George Washington's administration? 2) What were the primary beliefs of the Democratic Republican Party? Who was the

More information

Nationalism, Economic Revolution, and Social Change

Nationalism, Economic Revolution, and Social Change Nationalism, Economic Revolution, and Social Change 1800-1860 Nationalism and Economic Growth By 1815, following the end of The War of 1812, America had shown: That it could defend its sovereignty against

More information

Key Concept 4.3, I: The US needed a foreign policy and an expansion policy

Key Concept 4.3, I: The US needed a foreign policy and an expansion policy Key Concept 4.3, I: The US needed a foreign policy and an expansion policy Key Concept 4.3: U.S. interest in increasing foreign trade, expanding its national borders, and isolating itself from European

More information

APUSH TERMS Federalist control of courts and judges, midnight judges 317. Justice Samuel Chase 318. Tripolitan War ( )

APUSH TERMS Federalist control of courts and judges, midnight judges 317. Justice Samuel Chase 318. Tripolitan War ( ) APUSH TERMS 316-350 316. Federalist control of courts and judges, midnight judges On his last day in office, President Adams appointed a large number of Federalist judges to the federal courts in an effort

More information

Going to War? Learning Target 1: I can discuss the causes and effects of the War of Learning Target 2: I can discuss the impact of James Madison

Going to War? Learning Target 1: I can discuss the causes and effects of the War of Learning Target 2: I can discuss the impact of James Madison Going to War? Learning Target 1: I can discuss the causes and effects of the War of 1812 Learning Target 2: I can discuss the impact of James Madison A-James Madison was elected President in 1808 and 1812

More information

In the early Antebellum era ( ), the U.S. economy grew rapidly The South, North, and West each developed specialized regional economies that

In the early Antebellum era ( ), the U.S. economy grew rapidly The South, North, and West each developed specialized regional economies that In the early Antebellum era (1800-1840), the U.S. economy grew rapidly The South, North, and West each developed specialized regional economies that became connected into a national market economy The

More information

The Jacksonian Era & the Rise of Sectionalism. (c. 1820s c. 1840s)

The Jacksonian Era & the Rise of Sectionalism. (c. 1820s c. 1840s) The Jacksonian Era & the Rise of Sectionalism (c. 1820s c. 1840s) SSUSH7 Students will explain the process of economic growth, its regional and national impact in the first half of the 19th century, and

More information

The United States, Mid-1850

The United States, Mid-1850 G E O G R A P H Y C H A L L E N G E The United States, Mid-1850 130 W 50 N 70 W 30 N ATLANTIC OCEAN 120 W Gulf of Mexico PACIFIC OCEAN 20 N N W E S 0 110 W 400 800 miles 80 W 0 400 800 kilometers Lambert

More information

THE SECOND WAR FOR INDEPENDENCE AND THE UPSURGE OF NATIONALISM ( )

THE SECOND WAR FOR INDEPENDENCE AND THE UPSURGE OF NATIONALISM ( ) THE SECOND WAR FOR INDEPENDENCE AND THE UPSURGE OF NATIONALISM (1812-1824) Period 4 (1800-1848) Key Concept 4.1 The United States began to develop a modern democracy and celebrated a new national culture,

More information

UNIT 4: EXPANSION & REFORM LESSON 4.1: EFFECTS OF MANIFEST DESTINY & INDUSTRIALIZATION

UNIT 4: EXPANSION & REFORM LESSON 4.1: EFFECTS OF MANIFEST DESTINY & INDUSTRIALIZATION UNIT 4: EXPANSION & REFORM LESSON 4.1: EFFECTS OF MANIFEST DESTINY & INDUSTRIALIZATION ESSENTIAL QUESTION How does expansion and industrialization contribute to growing sectionalism within the United States

More information

NAME DATE CLASS John Quincy Adams becomes president

NAME DATE CLASS John Quincy Adams becomes president Lesson 1 Jacksonian Democracy ESSENTIAL QUESTION What are the characteristics of a leader? GUIDING QUESTIONS 1. What new ways of campaigning appeared during the elections of 1824 and 1828? 2. How did Andrew

More information

1. Chapter Eight 2. Columbus discovered America in Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence in Washington became President

1. Chapter Eight 2. Columbus discovered America in Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence in Washington became President 1. Chapter Eight 2. Columbus discovered America in 1492. 3. Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence in 1776. 4. Washington became President and our US Constitution went into effect in 1789. 5.

More information

Unit Module 2: Transportation, Market, and Industrial Revolution

Unit Module 2: Transportation, Market, and Industrial Revolution Unit 4 1800-1848 Module 2: Transportation, Market, and Industrial Revolution Antebellum America: The Market and Transportation In the early Antebellum era (1800-1840), the U.S. economy grew rapidly The

More information

Essential Question: How did President Jefferson change U.S. government, territory, & foreign policy?

Essential Question: How did President Jefferson change U.S. government, territory, & foreign policy? Essential Question: How did President Jefferson change U.S. government, territory, & foreign policy? CPUSH Agenda for Unit 4.1: Clicker Preview Questions President Jefferson notes & Marbury v Madison activity

More information

The Monroe Doctrine. President James Monroe. Adams-Onis Treaty, Spain gives up control of Florida

The Monroe Doctrine. President James Monroe. Adams-Onis Treaty, Spain gives up control of Florida President James Monroe Foreign Policy: The policy of how we interact with other countries 5 th th President- 1816-1824 1824 Democratic Republican Significant Positions Secretary of State Adams-Onis Treaty,

More information

Name: Class: Date: ID: A

Name: Class: Date: ID: A Name: Class: _ Date: _ Unit 4 Practice Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. This question refers to the following quotation. This momentous question

More information

EXPANSION AND CONFLICT

EXPANSION AND CONFLICT EXPANSION AND CONFLICT JEFFERSON AS PRES Wins election of 1800, Burr is his VP Tried to integrate DR ideas into existing Federalist policies Began paying off debt, cut government spending, canned Whiskey

More information

United States Flag 4 July July States

United States Flag 4 July July States United States Flag 4 July 1818 3 July 1819 20 States New States 1816 1840 MO IL MI IN ME Indiana 1816 Mississippi 1817 Illinois 1818 Alabama 1819 Maine 1820 Missouri 1821 Arkansas 1836 Michigan 1837 AR

More information

CHAPTER 10 A GROWING NATION:

CHAPTER 10 A GROWING NATION: Section 1: Building a National Identity 1. I. The Era of Good Feeling CHAPTER 10 A GROWING NATION: 1815 1840 With the end of the War of 1812, the Republicans took firm control of the government. The presidential

More information

Grade 8 Plainwell Social Studies Curriculum Map

Grade 8 Plainwell Social Studies Curriculum Map First Trimester Unit 1 Colonial Review: Causes of the American Revolution 1-3 3 weeks 4 5-6 Toward Independence - Before 1763 - French and Indian War - Proclamation of 1763 - Parliamentary Acts o Stamp

More information

George Washington. Information to be included:

George Washington. Information to be included: George Washington Information to be included: 2 Facts (ONLY) BEFORE Washington was President, including place of Election facts events of and surrounding his nomination and election to the office of President,

More information