CHAPTER FOUR IMPERIAL WARS AND COLONIAL PROTEST

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1 UNIT TWO

2 CHAPTER FOUR IMPERIAL WARS AND COLONIAL PROTEST

3 Series of worldwide wars between Spain, France, and Great Britain Queen Anne s War ( ) British gains* King George s War ( ) Empires at War ( ) Louisburg/New England reaction* Role of Native Americans*

4 The Seven Years War ( ) Started in colonies, spread to Europe Conflict between French and British in Ohio River Valley Beginning of the War Fort Duquesne George Washington Role of Indians

5 Albany Plan of Union* Ben Franklin Why did it fail? What was its significance? British Victory Quebec and Montreal Territorial gains* Immediate effects of the War* How did the British and American colonists view the conflict? The Seven Years War

6 Reorganization of the British Empire Describe the reasons for the shift away from the policy of salutary neglect. Pontiac s Rebellion* Proclamation of 1763*

7 British Actions and Colonial Reactions Sugar Act (1764) Quartering Act (1765) Stamp Act (1765) Colonial Reaction Stamp Act Congress Sons and Daughters of Liberty Boycotts (were they effective?) Declaratory Act (1766) Patrick Henry in the Virginia legislature following passage of Stamp Act

8 Second Phase of the Crisis, The Townshend Acts Initial colonial reaction Letters from a Pennsylvania Farmer Taxation without representation Repeal of Townshend Act Boston Massacre Committees of Correspondence The Gaspee Boston Tea Party

9 Intolerable Acts Series of punitive acts Coercive Acts (1774) Quebec Acts (1774) Why was the Quebec Act resented by the colonists? Philosophical Foundations The Enlightenment Locke and Rousseau Make sure you read Historical Perspectives: Why did the colonies rebel?

10 CHAPTER FIVE THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION AND CONFEDERATION

11 The First Continental Congress September, 1774 Delegates From radical to conservative Actions of the Congress Suffolk Resolves Declaration and Resolves British response Lexington and Concord Bunker Hill

12 The Second Continental Congress May, 1775 Independence? Military Actions George Washington Peace Efforts Olive Branch Petition British reaction

13 The Declaration of Independence Thomas Paine s Common Sense January, 1776 Richard Henry Lee Resolution for Independence Thomas Jefferson Committee to support resolution

14 New national identity Patriots Describe the role African- Americans played in the conflict. Loyalists/Tories Emigration at end of war Role of American Indians Initial American losses and hardship The Revolutionary War

15 Victory Alliance with France Saratoga Significance of alliance Yorktown Treaty of Paris, 1783 Know all four parts mentioned

16 Organization of New Governments State Governments Liberals v. Conservatives List of Rights Separation of Powers Voting and Office-Holding

17 Articles of Confederation, 1781 Problems with ratification Structure of government Powers Accomplishments* Problems* Financial Foreign Domestic (Shays)

18 Abolition of aristocratic titles primogeniture Separation of church and state Regional differences Women Roles during war Slavery Regional difference Historical Perspectives: How radical was the revolution? Social Change

19 CHAPTER SIX THE CONSTITUTION AND NEW REPUBLIC

20 Review problems and weaknesses of Articles The Annapolis Convention Drafting the Constitution in Philadelphia Describe the delegates Big names that were missing? Key issues Representation, Slavery, Trade Drafting the Constitution The Presidency Describe the compromises that helped lead to the ratification of the Constitution. How might these compromises lead to future conflict?

21 Federalist v. Antifederalists Chart on p. 107 is GOLD The Federalist Papers Outcome Battle for Ratification Virginia important promise made* New York The Bill of Rights

22 Executive Departments Cabinet Federal Court System Supreme Court Judiciary Act of 1789 Washington s Presidency Alexander Hamilton s Financial Program Three main actions Opposition Debt National Bank Necessary and proper clause Bank of the United States

23 The French Revolution American argument over support Proclamation of Neutrality, 1793 Citizen Genêt The Jay Treaty (1794) Why did it anger French supporters? The Pinckney Treaty (1795) Significance Foreign Affairs

24 Domestic Concerns American Indians Whiskey Rebellion (1794)* Western Lands Political Parties**** Chart on p. 116 Regional support Washington s Farewell Address

25 The XYZ Affair* Alien and Sedition Acts* John Adams Presidency Kentucky and Virginia* Resolutions Federal v. state government nullification Election of 1800 Why is it called a peaceful revolution? Historical perspectives: What does the Constitution mean?

26 CHAPTER SEVEN THE AGE OF JEFFERSON

27 Jefferson s Presidency We are all Republicans, We are all Federalists. How did Jefferson attempt to win over former Federalist foes while also rewarding his loyal supporters?

28 The Louisiana Purchase, 1803 Why did Napoleon lose interest in America? Importance of the Mississippi River Spain and the right of deposit About that Constitution How did Jefferson, the strict constructionist, justify the purchase of Louisiana? Consequences* Lewis and Clark Expedition benefits

29 John Marshall and the Supreme Court How did the Marbury v. Madison (1803) case and the doctrine of judicial review create a longterm victory for the Federalists? Jefferson and the Alien and Sedition Acts Judicial Impeachments Successful or not?

30 Jefferson s Reelection Easy-peasy victory in 1804 Aaron Burr is BATS Secession conspiracy Duel with Hamilton (significance of Hamilton s death) Treason?

31 Jefferson s Foreign Policy Discuss the cause and effect of U.S. involvement in fighting with Barbary Pirates ( ) Who was considered the chief offender regarding U.S. neutrality in the conflict between France and Britain? Why? Chesapeake-Leopard Affair Embargo Act (1807) What was it? Impact on British? Impact on United States? Which region was most impacted?

32 The Presidency of James Madison Compare Madison s temperament and political skill to Jefferson What effect did the Embargo Act have on Congressional seats? Discuss Madison s attempts to deal with the Napoleonic Wars. Diplomacy Nonintercourse Act (1809) Maicon s Bill No.2 and Napoleon s deceit

33 The War of 1812 Describe the causes of the war. Free seas and trade; impressment of American sailors Frontier conflicts with British and American Indians; Tecumseh s role War Hawks (note the geographical support for war) Tecumseh

34 A Divided Nation Geographical division of support and opposition and its effect on election of 1812 Mr. Madison s War New England opposition Federalists and Quids

35 War of 1812 Failed invasion of Canada* Naval Battle Causes of American naval success Death of Tecumseh Southern Campaign Andrew Jackson and the Battle of New Orleans*

36 End of the War The Treaty of Ghent What were the results of the treaty? Who won? The Hartford Convention* Proposals Effect on Federalists

37 Canada Federalists Nullification and secession Effect on American Indians Nationalism Andrew Jackson The War s Legacy

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