catalogue three hundred fifty-three Young America: The United States from the Constitution to the Monroe Doctrine

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1 catalogue three hundred fifty-three Young America: The United States from the Constitution to the Monroe Doctrine William Reese Company 409 Temple Street New Haven, CT (203)

2 A Note This catalogue is devoted to the early national period of United States history, from the creation of the Federal Government through the Monroe administration, or the Era of Good Feeling, as it was known. The United States grew from a troubled and near-bankrupt confederation to a global power, ready to assert its control over the western hemisphere in the Monroe Doctrine of Offered herein are such landmarks of the period as a first edition of the Lewis and Clark narrative; important Thomas Jefferson manuscripts, publications, and books; important political works of the Federal and Jeffersonian eras; important pieces on the opening and settlement of the Trans-Allegheny frontier and Louisiana, and the rise of arts and crafts. In all, there is a broad range of books, pamphlets, prints, maps, songsters, literature, and political material. Available on request or via our website are our recent catalogues 346 Western Americana, 347 The Streeter Sale Revisited, Fifty Years Later, 348 The Best of the West, 350 Rare Americana, 351 Travels & Voyages, and 352 Recent Acquisitions in Americana; bulletins 48 American Scenes and Views, 49 Manuscripts, and 50 Picturing the 20th Century; e-lists (only available on our website) and many more topical lists. q A portion of our stock may be viewed at If you would like to receive notification when catalogues and lists are uploaded, please us at specifying whether you would like to receive the notifications in lieu of or in addition to paper catalogues. If you would prefer not to receive future catalogues and/or notifications, please let us know. Terms Material herein is offered subject to prior sale. All items are as described and are considered to be on approval. Notice of return must be given within ten days unless specific arrangements are made. Connecticut residents must be billed state sales tax. Postage and insurance charges are billed to all nonprepaid domestic orders. Overseas orders are sent by air unless otherwise requested, with full postage charges billed at our discretion. Payment by check, wire transfer, or bank draft is preferred, but may also be made by MasterCard or Visa. William Reese Company Phone: (203) Temple Street Fax: (203) New Haven, CT On the cover: 75. Hill, John: Hudson. No. 13 of The Hudson River Port Folio. New York

3 1. Adams, John: [XYZ Affair]: MESSAGE OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, TO BOTH HOUSES OF CONGRESS. JUNE 21st, [Philadelphia. 1798]. 8pp. Dbd. Small marginal tear to fore-edge of final leaf. Very good. Untrimmed. In a message regarding the XYZ Affair, with attached correspondence, President Adams states to Congress that he Will never send another Minister to France, without assurances, that he will be received, respected and honored, as the representative of a great, free, powerful, and Independent Nation. The letters related to the episode include correspondence from Secretary of State Timothy Pickering, with his instructions to the envoys to France ( John Marshall, Elbridge Gerry, and Thomas Pinckney), warning them: In no event is a treaty to be purchased with money, by loan or otherwise. There can be no safety in a treaty so obtained. A loan to the Republic would violate our neutrality: and a douceur to the men now in power might by their successors be urged as a reason for annulling the treaty, or as a precedent for further repeated demands. The message also contains letters between Gerry and Talleyrand. EVANS ESTC W $ Adams, John Quincy: AN ANSWER TO PAIN S [sic] RIGHTS OF MAN. By John Adams, Esq. Originally Printed in America. London: Reprinted for Owen Picadilly, [2],34pp. Original plain wrappers, stitched, as issued. Spine perishing, light wear at edges. Contemporary ownership inscription on front wrapper. Light tanning, occasional faint foxing. A very good copy, in original condition. Untrimmed. Second London printing of seven letters by John Quincy Adams, first published in Boston s Columbian Sentinel between 1791 and This is one of five editions published in London and Dublin in the same year; there was no separate American edition. The letters were first attributed to John Adams, but were written by his son at the age of twenty-six. Adams letters concern the French Revolution and the questions those events raised about the nature of good government. Like Thomas Paine, the younger Adams supports the downfall of the arbitrary system of Government in France, but is repelled by Paine s assertion of an infallible criterion of orthodoxy. In examining Rights of Man, he rejects the idea that England should destroy their present form of government, and asserts that the English have exercised their inalienable rights and have chosen their own form of government. He then goes on to recount

4 its perceived virtues, in opposition to Paine s glorification of the mob, which will eventually destroy individual liberty. A scarce printing of one of John Quincy Adams earliest published works. ESTC locates six copies in American institutions. ESTC N WISE & CRONIN 14. $3000. From One President to Another 3. Adams, John Quincy: [AUTOGRAPH LETTER, SIGNED, FROM JOHN QUINCY ADAMS TO JAMES MADISON, SENDING THE FORMER PRESIDENT WARM REGARDS AND ADAMS RE- CENTLY PUBLISHED PAMPHLET]. Washington. Oct. 11, p. Minor toning, old folds, two separations neatly mended, tipped to a larger sheet. Very good. A warm and conciliatory letter from a future president of the United States to a former president. During his time as Secretary of State under Monroe, Adams writes to Madison at Montpelier. The letter reads, in full: James Madison Esq Montpelier Virginia Washington 11 October 1822 Dear Sir, In requesting your acceptance of the copy herewith transmitted of a Collection of Documents recently published by me, I think it necessary to ask of your indulgence to overlook that part of it which is personally controversial. The transactions to which it relates having occurred during your Administration and the discussion involving in some degree principles and measures sanctioned by you, I have thought they would not be without interest to you, on that account, as well as because they are of no inconsiderable moment to the permanent welfare of the Union. I have much satisfaction also in being thus offered the occasion of tendering anew the grateful sense I entertain of that public confidence with which you honour d me at a time when, as now appears, there were not wanting efforts then unknown to me to shake it. I remain with great Respect, Dear Sir, your very faithful and humble Servt. John Quincy Adams.

5 The Collection of Documents to which Adams refers was The Duplicate Letters, the Fisheries and the Mississippi. Documents Relating to Transactions at the Negotiation of Ghent (Washington, 1822; Shoemaker 7740). This pamphlet was an answer to an attack on Adams by Jonathan Russell over proposals made during the Anglo- American negotiations at Ghent on the subject of the navigation of the Mississippi River. Adams s rebuke was so overwhelmingly successful that thereafter to destroy someone s reputation before the public was known as to jonathanrussell someone ( ). Madison would have been keenly interested in the work, which did indeed discuss many policies and decisions of his administration. The present letter was previously sold at Parke- Bernet on Nov. 13, 1968, lot 4. Mattern, et al, editors, The Papers of James Madison, Retirement Series 2: $11,000. Presentation from John Quincy Adams to His Youngest Brother 4. Adams, John Quincy: THE DUPLICATE LETTERS, THE FISH- ERIES AND THE MISSISSIPPI. DOCUMENTS RELATING TO TRANSACTIONS AT THE NEGOTIATION OF GHENT... Washington ,3pp. Original boards, paper label. Front board detached, rear hinge cracked, spine and label chipped, corners bumped, early manuscript title on front board. Contemporary gift inscription on first front free endpaper, contemporary ownership inscriptions on titlepage. Second front free endpaper partially torn away, some loss to a later interior leaf, slightly affecting text. Tanned, occasional light foxing. Good. Untrimmed. In a modern cloth clamshell case. A copy with a fascinating provenance, given from a future President of the United States to his youngest brother, Thomas Boylston Adams. A pen inscription on the front fly leaf of this volume in the hand of John Quincy Adams, reads: Thomas B. Adams from his brother John Quincy Adams. On the titlepage is the ownership signature of Thomas Adams and the slightly later signature of an A. Dunlop. Thomas Adams served as a representative in the state legislature for the Adams family s hometown of Quincy, Massachusetts, and later was a senior magistrate in the Massachusetts State Circuit Court. The text brings together the correspondence and reports of the negotiations conducted by John Quincy Adams with the British to resolve the War of As ever, Adams was very sensitive to criticism, and thus exhaustively defends his work. It appeared in 1822 when Adams was Secretary of State, in an attempt to

6 counter rumors that he had offered navigation rights on the Mississippi River to the British during the negotiations. SABIN 276. SHAW & SHOEMAKER $15,000. The Alien and Sedition Acts 5. [Alien and Sedition Acts]: ACTS PASSED AT THE FIRST SESSION OF THE FIFTH CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, BEGUN AND HELD AT THE CITY OF PHILADEL- PHIA, IN THE STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA, ON MONDAY THE FIFTEENTH OF MAY, IN THE YEAR M,DCC,XCVII. AND OF THE INDEPENDENCE OF THE UNITED STATES, THE TWEN- TY-FIRST. [bound with:] ACTS PASSED AT THE SECOND SES- SION OF THE FIFTH CONGRESS... [bound with:] ACTS PASSED AT THE THIRD SESSION OF THE FIFTH CONGRESS... Philadelphia: Richard Folwell, [1799]. 50,[3],[52]-240,vii,[4],[244]-561,[4],[4]-26, iv,[48]pp. Contemporary calf, blind ruled, neatly rebacked in matching style. Contemporary ownership inscriptions on front free endpaper and titlepage. Light foxing. Very good. The scarce official printing of the collected laws passed by the Fifth United States Congress, which include the notorious Alien and Sedition Acts, passed in There are three Alien acts, which grew directly out of the XYZ Affair and the failure of the embassy to France. Debate began in April 1798, as the story was reported to Congress. The first bill, the Naturalization Act, was signed into law on June 18, It increased the residency requirement for American citizenship from five to fourteen years and created other hurdles to citizenship (the majority of emigrants were supporters of the Jeffersonian Republicans). The second, the Alien Friends Act, was passed on June 25. It allowed the President to imprison or deport aliens considered dangerous to the peace and safety of the United States. On July 6 the Alien Enemies Act passed, authorizing the President to imprison or deport any male, whether an alien or American citizen, related to an enemy nation in times of war. The first two acts expired in March 1801, at the end of the Adams presidency, but the Alien Enemies Act is still in effect, and was the basis for the confinement of Japanese and German ethnic groups during World War II. Its use has been raised as a possibility in modern times. Far more important to domestic politics of the era was the Sedition Act, passed on July 14, This made it a crime if any person shall write, print, utter, or publish, or shall cause or procure to be written, printed, uttered, or published... any false, scandalous and malicious writing or writings against the government of the United States, or either house of Congress of the United States, or the President of the United States... to bring them, or either of them, into contempt or disrepute... A number of individuals were prosecuted under the Sedition Act, notably Representative Matthew Lyon, the aggressive Congressman from Vermont; the political

7 writer James Callender; and some ordinary citizens. The majority prosecuted were Republican newspaper editors such as Benjamin Franklin Bache. The Sedition Act provoked an angry reaction from many, and contributed to the Federalist collapse at the polls in the 1800 election. It expired at the end of 1800, and Jefferson pardoned those still imprisoned under it when he took office in March 1801 Reese. Several printers in different cities took up the publication of the laws of the Fifth Congress. Richard Folwell, one of the printers in Philadelphia, printed the acts of each session as it finished from 1797 to 1799, and then an omnibus edition in 1799, the present work. This edition is quite scarce, and is not in Evans or Bristol. The ESTC locating copies at only three institutions the Advocates Library in Great Britain, the American Antiquarian Society, and the Library Company of Philadelphia. Further copies are held by the Library of Congress, the U.S. Military Academy, Cincinnati, Case Western, and Brown. ESTC W EVANS 32952, 34688, (ref ). REESE, FEDERAL HUNDRED 70 (ref ). $3750. A Critical Moment in American Constitutional History: The Virginia Resolutions of 1800 Protesting the Alien and Sedition Acts and the Expansion of the Armed Forces 6. [Alien and Sedition Acts]: [Quasi-War with France]: [Virginia Resolutions of 1800]: INSTRUCTIONS FROM THE GENERAL ASSEM- BLY OF VIRGINIA TO STEPHEN THOMPSON MASON AND WILSON CARY NICHOLAS, SENATORS FROM THE STATE OF VIRGINIA IN THE CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES [caption title]. [Richmond: Augustine Davis, 1800]. Broadsheet, 19 x 11½ inches, printed in two columns on both sides. Old fold lines, with small separation at the center cross-fold. Light dampstaining at bottom edge, else very good. In a half morocco slipcase. A rare printing of the Virginia Assembly s instructions to the state s U.S. Senators, explaining their reasons for opposing the Adams administration s expansion of the American army and navy, the Alien and Sedition Acts, and the suspension of trade with France. This broadsheet includes the text of the Virginia Resolutions of 1800, authored by James Madison, which explicitly called on the Congress to repeal the Alien and Sedition Acts, and to curtail the increased size of the military. The so-called Quasi War with France was a major crisis for the Adams administration, and it had far-reaching policy ramifications. In order to defend against enemies both foreign and domestic, Adams called for an increase in the size of the navy, tightened naval laws against France, abrogated treaties with the French and suspended trade with France, called 80,000 militia to active duty, and appointed George Washington commander-in-chief of a revitalized army (with Alexander Hamilton as second-in-command). Most controversially, Adams enacted (with Congressional approval) the Alien and Sedition Acts, which sought to suppress

8 dissent against the President s policies and facilitated the deportation of foreigners whose presence was dangerous to the peace and safety of the United States. The most powerful protests against these measures came in the form of the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions of 1798 authored by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, respectively. These resolutions asserted the principle of States Rights over federal law, arguing for a narrow interpretation of the powers of the federal government and the right of states to supersede federal authority on Constitutional grounds. Despite their strongly worded opposition, neither the Kentucky nor the Virginia legislatures sought to nullify or obstruct the disputed laws. There was a harsh backlash against the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions, with several other states expressing their disapproval. In response, James Madison, then a member of the Virginia Assembly, composed the Report of In it Madison backed down slightly from his earlier position (which he claimed had been misunderstood), asserting the right of a state to declare a federal action unconstitutional, but stating this would be an expression of opinion not legally binding, simply a way of mobilizing public sentiment. The power to declare an act unconstitutional, Madison now said, resided with the courts. Nonetheless, he further argued that the ultimate power to decide constitutionality resided with the states, that they could override Congressional acts as well as those of the Supreme Court. The Report of 1800 included four resolutions, the full text of which are included in this broadsheet printing of instructions to senators Mason and Nicholas. The resolutions call for a reduction in the size of the army and navy, and the repeal of the Alien and Sedition Acts. Another of them opposes the proposition that the English Common Law should be seen as a basis for American constitutional law. The broadsheet also records the procedural votes in the Virginia Assembly on each of the four resolutions, noting the names of those who voted for or against each one. The rest of the broadsheet consists of passionate but reasoned arguments against several of the Adams administration s policies. In protesting the expansion of the army and navy, the Virginia Assembly notes that if the United States were to increase its military force in every case of European conflict, a perpetual standing

9 army would be the certain consequence of the recommendation. It goes on to make a long and cogent argument against the need for a military build-up, quoting several of George Washington s messages as President. The instructions also vigorously oppose the restriction of trade with France as injurious to the Virginia economy, especially with regard to the effect on the tobacco trade. The result of the sanctions, they argue, has been a deep decrease in the price of tobacco, and the monopolization of its trade by the British: France and the markets supplied, or that could be supplied, through her, consume a very great proportion, of all the tobacco made in the U. States. Great Britain is supposed to consume not more than 10 or 11 thousand hogsheads. The consequence of passing this prohibitory act putting off one part of the continental market in Europe whilst the English fleet under the pretext of blockade, had cut off another, has been to throw almost the whole, of this great, and valuable staple, into the ports of Great-Britain; from which as a belligerent country, re-exportation to other markets, must be made with great difficulty, risk and charges whilst the monopoly thus thrown into a single market, has had the natural effect, of reducing the price of the article far below the usual standard... Evans confusingly lists this broadsheet twice, once among his entries for 1798 (item 34939) and again for 1800 (item 38953). Since the text includes the four Resolutions of 1800 and notes the date of their passage ( Jan. 11 of that year), 1800 is where it properly belongs. Evans ascribes the printing of this broadside to Augustine Davis, the official printer for the Virginia Assembly, and he locates copies at the American Antiquarian Society and the Boston Public Library. While AAS describes theirs in their current online catalogue, Boston Public Library does not, nor does OCLC or ESTC list the Boston Public Library copy. OCLC records the American Antiquarian Society copy and locates only one other, at the University of Virginia, as does ESTC. A rare and important statement from the Virginia Assembly against the Alien and Sedition Acts, against the expansion of the army and navy, and protesting the deleterious effects of government sanctions against France on the Virginia economy. EVANS SWEM OCLC , ESTC W $15, [American Book Prospectus]: TRANSLATIONS OF THE ANCIENT CLASSICS. [Philadelphia. 1814]. 8pp. Dbd. Previously folded. Stray pen marks to titlepage. Light dampstaining and tanning. Good. An 1814 pamphlet advertisement for classical histories in English translation to be published by Edward Earle in Philadelphia, and Eastburn, Kirk, and Co. in New York. The text promotes a recently published set of Tacitus, a forthcoming edition of Herodotus, and a publishing plan that includes Thucydides, Polybius, and Sallust. The text touts the affordability and accessibility of these volumes relative to their English counterparts, noting their cost and scarcity during the War of 1812:

10 The expensiveness of English books is, at all times, a serious obstacle to their general diffusion; and to this is now added the impossibility of procuring them by the ordinary means of importation. These considerations, united to the promised elegance, correctness, and cheapness of the contemplated Edition, will, it is hoped, procure the publishers a prompt and liberal patronage. An interesting wartime promotional for first American editions of classical authors. Not in OCLC. $850. Early American Sex Manual 8. Aristotle: [pseudonym]: THE WORKS OF ARISTOTLE, THE FAMOUS PHILOSOPHER. IN FOUR PARTS. CONTAINING I. HIS COMPLETE MASTER-PIECE; DISPLAYING THE SE- CRETS OF NATURE IN THE GENERATION OF MAN...II. HIS EXPERIENCED MIDWIFE; ABSOLUTELY NECESSARY FOR SURGEONS, MIDWIVES, NURSES, AND CHILD BEARING WOMEN. III. HIS BOOK OF PROBLEMS, CONTAINING VARI- OUS QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS RELATIVE TO THE STATE OF MAN S BODY. IV. HIS LAST LEGACY; UNFOLDING THE SECRETS OF NATURE RESPECTING THE GENERATION OF MAN. New England: Printed for the proprietor, January pp. Contemporary calf, spine gilt. Extremities lightly worn. Minor toning. Very good. Styled as A new edition on the titlepage. A popular, albeit scandalous, treatise on the human body, with particular attention paid to sexual functions and practices. Appearing in Britain as early as 1700 under various titles, the present work seems to have enjoyed a tremendous amount of popularity which, considering its subject matter, is certainly not surprising. Of particular note in this edition are four woodcuts, each depicting a different type of pronounced human mutation, from Siamese twins to multiple limbs and organs. SHAW & SHOEMAKER AUSTIN 75. $ Armstrong, John: [AUTOGRAPH LETTER, SIGNED, FROM JOHN ARMSTRONG TO GEN. JOHN SMITH, OUTLINING THE POLITICAL MACHINATIONS FOR THE 1812 PRESIDEN- TIAL ELECTION]. Red Hook, N.Y. April 6, [2]pp. plus integral address leaf. Folio. Old folds. Small loss to address leaf from wax seal, not affecting text. Minor soiling. Very good plus. In a green half cloth clamshell case, gilt paper label. John Armstrong writes to Gen. John Smith, detailing a New York-based plan to disrupt President Madison s plans for the 1812 election and get DeWitt Clinton elected vice president. Armstrong was a Madison supporter, and his letter relates with some pleasure the details of this unsuccessful plot.

11 John Armstrong, Jr. ( ) served as aide-de-camp to Gen. Hugh Mercer and Gen. Horatio Gates during the American Revolution. Encouraged by other members of Gates staff, he anonymously penned the controversial Newburgh Addresses, calling for Congress to address the Army s grievances, particularly a lack of pay. This was widely interpreted as an affront to Gen. Washington s authority, and though Washington understood Armstrong s motives and forgave him, a stigma nonetheless haunted the rest of Armstrong s career, hampering his later efforts to run for office. He served as Minister to France from 1804 to 1810, again involving himself in controversial pamphleteering. Though he was snubbed by the Madison government upon his return to the U.S., he supported war with Britain and thus supported the government; as a reward for his support he was appointed Secretary of War in Although Armstrong succeeded in organizing and administrating, his tendency toward micromanagement put him into direct conflict with his commanders in the field. By 1814 relations were strained not only with military commanders, but with the President and Secretary of State as well. When Washington, D.C. was burned by the British, the city s inhabitants blamed Armstrong for lax defense and called for his replacement; instead, he resigned in disgust, which some took as a tacit admission of guilt. In this letter Armstrong relates news he received second-hand regarding the activities of Thomas Sammons, a U.S. Congressman from New York. Sammons was sent to Albany to conjure support for DeWitt Clinton s run for the presidency, but the legislature was dismissed before he arrived. The nomination, it seems, was intended to scare Madison into taking Clinton as his vice president (George Clinton, DeWitt Clinton s uncle, served as Madison s vice president during his first term, before dying in office in 1813). Madison was apparently not frightened enough, as he ran with Elbridge Gerry as his vice presidential nominee for his second term. Armstrong writes: It is probable that you are acquainted with the mission of [Thomas] Sammons from Washington to Albany; if you are not, you may be amused with the following anecdote. The plenipo has a brother who lives at Rhinebeck Flatts, with whom he stopped for the night. Soon after his arrival, the Albany stage arrived & brought the news of the prorogation of the legislature till May next. This intelligence threw the old man so entirely of[f ] his guard that he swore it was done not so much to repeal the bank, as to defeat the object of his mission, and then proceeded to details as follows. Viz: that he had been sent to Albany with a proposition from the mal-contents at Washington to the legislature of the state, the object of which was, to obtain for Mr. C. [i.e. DeWitt Clinton] a nomination as president; that they had hopes that Maryland & Pennsylvania would give him their support also that to secure the latter, Mr. Gregg must be named as V.P. & that the federalists would unite in this arrangement. When the brother ventured to raise some objections to this plan and the Col. had a little cooled, he went on to explain the secret which lay at the bottom of all this: We do not expect to carry him as President, but as V.P. Madison will be frightened at the competition & will engage his friends to do

12 it away by taking D.W. as successor to his uncle. We waited on the latter to know whether he would serve, and having got his answer, I set out to put the Albany people in motion according to previous agreement. These facts the brother has communicated to such as he thought he could safely confide them & from one of these I received them. By the bye, this plan exactly comports with that you suggest as going on at Washington. I have seen no one directly from Albany, but M. Rudd of Poughkeepsie who left that a week ago says, that had Sammons arrived before the prorogation, his mission would have failed & that the present legislature would not have made a counter-nomination. The prorogation will make another scism [sic] in our party here. You have seen the pro & the con on that subject. The mass of the party will I think be with the Governor [i.e. Daniel D. Tompkins]. Armstrong, who was pro-war, closes with a remark on the impending war with Britain: We have just heard that you are about to send another minister to England; if so, the clouds must be scattering and your war business will require no great effort to manage it. $ Ashe, Thomas: MEMOIRS OF MAMMOTH, AND VARIOUS OTHER EXTRAORDINARY AND STUPENDOUS BONES, OF INCOGNITA, OR NON-DESCRIPT ANIMALS, FOUND IN THE VICINITY OF THE OHIO, WABASH, ILLINOIS, MISSISSIPPI, MISSOURI, OSAGE, AND RED RIVERS... Liverpool: Printed by G.F. Harris, ,60pp. Half-title. 20th-century blue cloth, spine gilt. Light wear to cloth. Unobtrusive library stamps on endpapers, titlepage, and final leaf of text, occasional light foxing. Good plus. Ashe s description and interpretation of Cincinnati doctor William Goforth s paleontological collection from Big Bone Lick, Kentucky, which he famously swindled from Goforth, shipped to Great Britain and arranged for display and later sale to the Liverpool Museum. The story of Ashe and Goforth can be found in Stanley Hedeen s Big Bone Lick the Cradle of American Paleontology and other sources. This appears to be the only published description of Goforth s pioneering collection of Pleistocene fossils. Ashe also makes considerable reference to Peale s discovery Midland. Scarce in the marketplace. HOWES A351. MIDLAND NOTES 70:267. THOMSON 44. SABIN $1500. The British-American Boundary Dispute 11. Atcheson, Nathaniel: AMERICAN ENCROACHMENTS ON BRIT- ISH RIGHTS; OR, OBSERVATIONS ON THE IMPORTANCE OF THE BRITISH NORTH AMERICAN COLONIES. AND ON THE LATE TREATIES WITH THE UNITED STATES... London xiii,[1],cxiii,[1],250pp., plus two maps (one folding) and two tables (one folding). Slightly later three-quarter sheep and marbled boards, spine gilt, edges

13 sprinkled red. Front hinge starting, light edge and corner wear. 20th-century leather bookplate on front pastedown, and ownership inscription on front free endpaper. Light tanning and foxing. Very good. The author, one-time secretary of the Committee of British North American Merchants, was a strong advocate of British fur-trading interests in Canada. This work treats Canadian-American relations in depth, providing a discussion of the boundary dispute between the U.S. and Canada in the region of Passamaquoddy Bay and the St. Croix River (illustrated in the folding map), with much material concerning Nova Scotia, Canada and New Brunswick, the timber trade, shipping, ship-building and the fisheries. The appendix discusses cases relating to American claims to Passamaquoddy islands and memorials of Canadian citizens, as well as a lengthy report on commerce in the West Indies, and the Mississippi and the Indian fur trades. The volume also contains a map of the coastal border region between Maine and New Brunswick, with the Maine boundary delineated in red by hand in this copy. SABIN KRESS B4299. GOLDSMITH $1500. An Important Rarity of American Natural History 12. Barton, Benjamin Smith: FRAGMENTS OF THE NATURAL HIS- TORY OF PENNSYLVANIA. Philadelphia: Printed for the Author, by Way & Groff, xviii,24pp. Folio. 20th-century three-quarter morocco and marbled boards, spine gilt. Rubbed. Neatly ex-lib. with bookplate on front pastedown and blindstamp on titlepage. Titlepage and last leaf of text browned, stab holes in inner gutter. Else very good, untrimmed. An important early American natural history monograph, mostly on migratory birds, by the prominent Philadelphia doctor and naturalist. Barton s writings reflect the wide scope of his interests beyond the medical field to such topics as Indian languages, botany, birds, rattlesnakes, and a variety of other natural history subjects. This work deals predominantly with the migratory birds, arranged according to the dates throughout the year 1791 on which they were first seen in the neighborhood of Philadelphia...Barton also notices and describes the concurrent state of the vegetation MacPhail. Although noted as Part First on the titlepage, this is all that was published. Printed in a handsome large folio format. EVANS PRITZEL 436. MEISEL III:361. MacPHAIL, BENJAMIN SMITH BARTON AND WILLIAM PAUL CRILLON BARTON 2. $ Barton, Benjamin Smith: THE PHILADELPHIA MEDICAL AND PHYSICAL JOURNAL. COLLECTED AND ARRANGED BY BENJAMIN SMITH BARTON, M.D. Philadelphia Three parts bound in two volumes. x,184,[1]; vii,192,vii; 208pp. plus three plates (including frontispiece and folding table); [2],xi,[1],209,[1],[8]pp. plus one folding chart. Volume I: Original paper boards, paper label. Some chipping at toe and

14 edges of spine. Ink inscription on front free endpaper. Very good, unopened and untrimmed. Volume II: Contemporary marbled boards, skillfully rebacked. Very good. The first and second volumes of a journal founded and edited by Benjamin Smith Barton, the prominent American botanist and physician. The Philadelphia Medical and Physical Journal is a collection of articles on medicine and natural history, biographical sketches, reviews of recent publications, and various miscellaneous facts and observations. Most of the articles are by Barton himself, but there is a notice of John Bartram by his son, William. The second volume includes a peculiar appendix in French, concerning the discovery and extraction of a parasitic twin first thought to be a tumor. Early advertisement laid into the second volume. Not in Austin. A rare and important early journal. $ Bayley, Richard: AN ACCOUNT OF THE EPIDEMIC FEVER WHICH PREVAILED IN THE CITY OF NEW-YORK, DURING PART OF THE SUMMER AND FALL OF New-York: T. and J. Swords, [2],160pp. Half title. Original paper boards, spine manuscript title. Front hinge cracked, rear hinge starting. Spine extremities chipped, boards lightly dampstained. Institutional bookplate on front pastedown, ink stamps on front pastedown and half title. Very good, in original condition. Untrimmed and partially unopened. A fascinating first-hand account and analysis of the yellow fever epidemic that swept New York City in 1795, as reported by an important early American medical figure. Richard Bayley was a successful surgeon and teacher at Kings College in New York, but his work on the epidemiology and treatment of yellow fever resulted in him being appointed the first official health officer of the port and eventually involved him in the authorship of the federal 1799 Quarantine Act. This work traces the spread of yellow fever in late July, 1795, to a ship called the Zephyr, recently arrived from the West Indies. After spreading to nearby ships and then into the neighborhoods surrounding the port, the epidemic killed nearly eight hundred people, and lingered until mid-october, afflicting a large portion of the city. The work also analyzes the potential causes of the disease in general, and discusses the various treatments that Bayley used and witnessed being used around New York. Ultimately, as a result of works such as this one, the approach to handling potential infectious epidemics was reconsidered and markedly altered. A scarce and influential early American medical work. AUSTIN 159. ESTC W EVANS SABIN $1250. The Rare First Edition 15. Beltrami, J.C.: LA DÉCOUVERTE DES SOURCES DU MISSIS- SIPPI ET DE LA RIVIERE SANGLANTE DESCRIPTION DU COURS ENTIER DU MISSISSIPPI...OBSERVATIONS CRITI-

15 CO-PHILOSOPHIQUES, SUR LES MOEURS, LA RELIGION, LES SUPERSTITIONS, LES COSTUMES, LES ARMES, LES CHASSES, LA GUERRE, LA PAIX...DE PLUSIEURS NATIONS INDIENNES... New Orleans [8],327,[1]pp. plus errata slip. Later paper boards. Light toning and foxing. Very good. Untrimmed. The rare first edition, in French, of this Italian s adventures in America. [Beltrami] found his way to the upper reaches of the Mississippi River, where he joined an expedition led by Maj. Stephen Long. The latter wrote of him, an Italian whom we met at Fort St. Anthony, attached himself to the expedition and accompanied us to Pembina. Beltrami subsequently traveled down the Mississippi to New Orleans Wagner-Camp. He undertook a hazardous and lonely journey in his search for the sources of the Mississippi and other rivers, in which he claimed success Clark. An expanded English translation was printed in London in 1828, and included a folding map illustrating the routes travelled in America, detailing Beltrami s view of the geography of the headwaters of the Mississippi. The inclusion of the map in the later edition was in response to the criticism the author received for not providing a map in this, the first edition of the work. WAGNER-CAMP 26a:1. JUMONVILLE 417. FIELD 110. HOWES B338, aa. BUCK 181. LeCLERC 135. CLARK II:182. MONAGHAN 178A. PILLING, PROOF-SHEETS 340. SABIN ROSENBACH, AMERICAN JEWISH 255. REESE, BEST OF THE WEST 50 (note). $3250. First Architecture Book by a Native of America 16. Benjamin, Asher: THE COUNTRY BUILDER S ASSISTANT, FULLY EXPLAINING, THE BEST METHODS FOR STRIKING REGULAR AND QUIRKED MOULDINGS: FOR DRAWING AND WORKING THE TUSCAN, DORIC, IONIC AND CORIN- THIAN ORDERS...CORRECTLY ENGRAVED ON THIRTY- SEVEN COPPERPLATES WITH A PRINTED EXPLANATION TO EACH. Boston: Printed by Spotswood and Etheridge, [36]pp. plus thirty-seven plates (two folding). Small quarto. Contemporary calf, expertly rebacked with original gilt backstrip laid down and a modern leather label. Leaves professionally washed. Half of plate 33 supplied in expert facsimile. Minor paper repair in margin of plate 32, image unaffected. Else very good. Second edition, after the exceedingly rare and virtually unprocurable Greenfield first edition printed the previous year, of the first original American book of architecture. Earlier architectural works printed in the United States were simply compilations or reprintings of British material (e.g. John Norman s Town and Country Builder s Assistant of 1786). A classic and important American architectural treatise, by the man who was most responsible for disseminating late colonial details throughout New England, beautifully illustrated with engravings of colonial buildings, elevations

16 of churches and homes, ornaments, cornices, etc., reflecting the influences of the Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian orders. [T]here is scarcely a village which in moulding profiles, cornice details, church spire, or farm-house does not reflect his influence DAB. Benjamin was a prolific architectural writer, and later published The American Builder s Companion (1806), The Rudiments of Architecture (1814), and the very popular Practical House Carpenter (1830). The career of our first American architectural writer, Asher Benjamin ( ), covered several decades of the early nineteenth century. Both the books he wrote and the buildings he designed had an influence on building in New England that is still visible. He probably will be best remembered for his popularization of the federal style through his early books (and the Greek revival in his later ones) Thompson. The first obtainable edition of the earliest architectural book written by an American and printed in the United States. DAB II, pp RINK EVANS HITCHCOCK 112. Neville Thompson, Tools of Persuasion: The American Architectural Book of the Nineteenth Century in The American Illustrated Book in the Nineteenth Century (1987), p.142. REESE, FEDERAL HUNDRED 66 (ref ). $8500. The First Bible Published West of the Alleghenies 17. [Bible in German]: BIBLIA, DAS IST: DIE GANZE GÖTTLICHE HEI- LIGE SCHRIFFT, ALTEN UND NEUEN TESTAMENTS, NACH DER DEUTSCHEN UEBERSETZ- KUNG DR. MARTIN LUTHERS. Somerset [Pa.]: Friedrich Goeb, [4], 527,66,[2],169,[2]pp. Large, thick quarto. Contemporary calf with clasps. Minor wear to extremities. Contemporary notations in German on first two preliminary leaves. Some light scattered foxing and toning. A near fine copy. A lovely copy of this highly important German-American Bible, notable for being the first Bible printed west of the Allegheny

17 Mountains. Goeb emigrated from Germany in 1804, settling in western Pennsylvania and establishing himself as a printer, first in Chambersburg and later in Somerset, in far western Pennsylvania. Printed in two columns, this Bible includes the Old and New Testaments, as well as the Apocrypha. A handsome copy, in original condition. SHAW & SHOEMAKER BÖTTE & TANNHOF $2250. The Third Philadelphia Directory 18. Biddle, Clement: THE PHILADELPHIA DIRECTORY. Philadelphia: Printed by James & Johnson, xviii,[2],187,[1]pp. 19th-century threequarter morocco and marbled boards, spine gilt. Worn along joints and edges. Text lightly tanned. About very good. The third Philadelphia directory, complete with the brief account of Philadelphia and the errata, which are not present in all copies. While easier to obtain than the extraordinarily rare first directory of 1785, the Biddle directory is a good deal rarer than the Francis White directory of the same year. It is one of the earliest directories from any American city, and the first comprehensive one issued in Philadelphia during the Federal period, when it was the seat of government for the country. NAIP locates a total of only nine copies. Quite scarce, and a significant early Philadelphia directory. SPEAR p.273. EVANS ESTC W HOWES B425, aa. $7500. Scarce Early Work on American Architecture 19. Biddle, Owen: THE YOUNG CARPENTER S ASSISTANT; OR, A SYSTEM OF ARCHITECTURE, ADAPTED TO THE STYLE OF BUILDING IN THE UNITED STATES. Philadelphia: Published by Johnson and Warner, pp. plus forty-four plates (two folding). Quarto. Contemporary calf, rebacked with original gilt spine laid down. Light but persistent dampstain on outer edge. Folding plate repaired at folds, closed tears neatly mended on several plates. Overall good. Second edition, first published in This is the second book on architecture written and published in the United States, preceded only by Asher Benjamin s Country Builder s Assistant. A fairly scarce work,

18 with only two copies appearing at auction in the past thirty years; the first edition is almost impossible to find. SHAW & SHOEMAKER RINK HITCHCOCK 177. $ [Black Crime]: THE COMMISSIONERS OF THE ALMS-HOUSE, vs. ALEXANDER WHISTELO, A BLACK MAN; BEING A RE- MARKABLE CASE OF BASTARDY, TRIED AND ADJUDGED BY THE MAYOR, RECORDER, AND SEVERAL ALDERMEN, OF THE CITY OF NEW-YORK... New York pp. Dbd. Faint institutional ink stamp and embossed blindstamp to titlepage, minor toning, light foxing. Overall, very good. A curious and rare account of the trial of Alexander Whistelo, a black man accused of leaving Lucy Williams, a mulatto, with child. A controversy ensued as sundry doctors stated that the child was the offspring of white parents. In addition, a witness attested to a white man visiting Ms. Williams: The witness...confessed that such a person had been in bed with her: that he had turned the black man out with a pistol, and taken his place that they had a connexion; but she said she was sure they had made no one young one... In the end Whistelo was acquitted. SABIN SHAW & SHOEMAKER $1250. The First Impeachment 21. [Blount, William]: PROCEEDINGS ON THE IMPEACHMENT OF WILLIAM BLOUNT, A SENATOR OF THE UNITED STATES FROM TENNESSEE, FOR HIGH CRIMES AND MIS- DEMEANORS. Philadelphia pp. Half morocco and cloth boards, spine stamped in gilt. Titlepage mounted on tissue, with interior tear at lower left. Several leaves with small tears, one leaf with marginal section torn away, lower corner of outer leaf repaired, slightly affecting text. Good. Official proceedings of the trial of Tennessee senator William Blount, the first United States federal official against whom impeachment charges were brought. Blount was heavily involved in land speculation in the South and feared that France would gain control of the Mississippi River. He settled into a conspiracy in which England would seize Louisiana and Florida, and his investments would be protected. The Senate voted to expel Blount, and the House brought impeachment proceedings against him, which were dismissed for lack of jurisdiction. The Blount trial is an important record of one of the chief conspiracies seeking to carve an empire out of the Spanish border lands in the uncertain era at the end of the 18th century. It set the stage for other shady dealings, culminating in the Burr Conspiracy after the Louisiana Purchase Reese. HOWES B548, aa. SERVIES 732. COHEN EVANS SABIN REESE, FEDERAL HUNDRED 76. $1750.

19 22. Blunt, Edmund M.: THE AMERICAN COAST PILOT; CON- TAINING THE COURSES AND DISTANCES BETWEEN THE PRINCIPAL HARBOURS, CAPES, AND HEADLANDS, ON THE COAST OF NORTH AND SOUTH AMERICA; WITH DIREC- TIONS FOR SAILING INTO THE SAME...TO WHICH IS AN- NEXED, THE SHIPMASTER S ASSISTANT; CONTAINING DIS- BURSEMENTS AND OTHER SHIP ACCOUNTS, &c. New York: Edmund Blunt, xvi,497,114pp. plus eighteen plates (eleven folding), and 9pp. of advertisements. Contemporary calf, spine gilt, leather label. Corners bumped and lightly worn. Light wear to boards. Contemporary advertisement pasted to front pastedown. Manuscript note regarding a lighthouse tipped in at p.128. Moderate foxing, though plates are generally bright and fresh. Very good, in unsophisticated condition. The self-styled tenth edition, being the second issue with the highly important annexed Shipmaster s Assistant. A new chart, the Isles of Shoals, was added since the previous edition. Originally published in 1796 under the name of the author, Lawrence Furlong. Includes sailing directions to many of the east coast harbors and ports, with a number of them depicted in maps, listing courses and distances from Cape Cod and Cape Ann to George s Bank, and a tide table. It is believed that very few copies of the second issue were printed because a decision was made to bring out the Shipmaster s Assistant as a separate publication Campbell (p.109). Edmund Blunt published the first independent edition of his son Joseph s The Merchant s and Shipmaster s Assistant in the same year, This copy has a full-page advertisement for Henry Whipple s Salem bookshop on the front pastedown. This issue is scarce on the market. HOWES F421. SABIN RINK SHOEMAKER $2000. Wrongful Conviction and Missing Persons 23. [Boorn, Stephen]: [Boorn, Jesse]: MYSTERY DEVELOPED; OR, RUSSELL COLVIN, (SUPPOSED TO BE MURDERED,) IN FULL LIFE: AND STEPHEN AND JESSE BOORN, (HIS CONVICT- ED MURDERERS,) RESCUED FROM IGNOMINIOUS DEATH BY WONDERFUL DISCOVERIES... [bound with:] THE TRIAL, CONFESSIONS AND CONVICTION OF JESSE AND STEPHEN BOORN FOR THE MURDER OF RUSSELL COLVIN, AND THE RETURN OF THE MAN SUPPOSED TO HAVE BEEN MUR- DERED. Hartford; Manchester, Vt. 1820; ; 48pp. Early 20th-century buckram, gilt leather spine labels. Front hinge detached, cloth slightly dust soiled, labels chipped. First imprint with three separate titlepages, the first detached, with institutional blind and ink stamps; institutional blind stamp and later pencil ownership inscription on first leaf; marginal loss to final leaf, a few small closed tears to initial leaves; toning and light foxing. Second imprint

20 with original printed wrappers bound in; light tanning, otherwise internally clean. Overall good. Two startling accounts of wrongful conviction in early 19-century New England. This is one of the most famous cases of American criminal law and a constant reminder that innocent persons can be convicted...russell Colvin, the alleged victim, had married a sister of the Boorns and had several children by her. He was mentally deficient and disappeared in Local gossip credited the Boorns with having disposed of him, presumably because he was a burden on the family. In the spring of the Boorns were arrested and, either from fear or mental weakness, they told stories involving each other in the death of Colvin Stephen s amounting to a confession of murder. They were tried and sentenced to be hanged; the state legislature, however, commuted Jesse s sentence to life imprisonment. As a last resort a notice was placed in the papers requesting information about Colvin. A farmer in Monmouth County, New Jersey, believed he recognized a hired man in the vicinity from the description. This man, who was mentally deranged, was enticed to Manchester, arriving on December 22, 1819, six weeks before the day set for Stephen s execution. It was definitively established that he was the missing Colvin; he had apparently wandered off of his own volition McDade. The first work present here is the second edition of the pamphlet, containing a summary of events and a sermon preached upon the whole affair by Lemuel Haynes, as well as an account of the trial itself. The second work comprises a much later account of the trial and subsequent events by one of the lawyers defending the Boorns. Though published fifty-four years after the event, the pamphlet was prepared by one of the defense counsellors and contains important information on the discovery and return of Colvin McDade. McDADE 111, 113. $1000. The First English Language Edition 24. Botta, Charles: HISTORY OF THE WAR OF THE INDEPEN- DENCE OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. Translated from the Italian, by George Alexander Otis. Philadelphia: Printed for the translator, Three volumes. 448; v,[1],567; xii,503pp. Modern half morocco and cloth boards. Tanned, with foxing. A good set. First English-language edition of this important early history of the American Revolution, first published in Italian in This work grew out of a conversation held in 1806 in which those present were asked which modern event would make the best subject. Botta interpreted the American cause as a struggle for liberty. At every opportunity he excited the nationalistic aspirations of the Italians, and suggested analogies with Italy s past and contemporary history. Botta looked upon the creation of the United States as an example and inspiration for the formation of an Italy unified and free of foreign rule Hough. Jefferson owned a copy of the Italian first edition. In a letter to John Adams, Jefferson wrote that Botta

21 (despite his habit of putting unattributed words into the mouths of his speakers), produced a history of the Revolution with more detail, precision and candor than any writer I have yet met with. Most valuable history of the Revolution up to its date Howes. HOWES B636. SABIN SAMUEL HOUGH, THE ITALIANS AND THE CRE- ATION OF AMERICA 97. LARNED AMERICAN IMPRINTS 551. SOWERBY, JEFFERSON S LIBRARY 509 (note). REESE, REVOLUTIONARY HUNDRED 96. $4000. Very Rare Narrative of a Man and His Family Abandoned in the Wilds of Maine 25. Bradman, Arthur: A NARRATIVE OF THE EXTRAORDINARY SUFFERINGS OF MR. ROBERT FORBES, HIS WIFE AND FIVE CHILDREN. DURING AN UNFORTUNATE JOURNEY THROUGH THE WILDERNESS, FROM CANADA TO KENNE- BECK RIVER, IN THE YEAR Portland Printed, Reprinted at Exeter: Henry Ranlet, ,[1]pp. Half title. Contemporary paper wrappers, restitched. Expert restoration with facsimile to half title and terminal leaf. Very good. In a red morocco box. Robert Forbes, an American residing with his family in Canada on the Chaudière River, departed overland in mid-march 1784 with three Dutch guides, intending to relocate his family to a settlement on the Kennebec. Ten days into the journey, Forbes, his wife and five children were tricked, robbed and abandoned by their guides. Struggling on alone, they were assisted by a local Native American, who supplied them with moose meat and directions. But by April 12th, with supplies dwindling and terrain too difficult for his wife and all but his oldest child, Forbes made camp and left his wife to seek help. Travelling by raft and foot and surviving on a couple of ounces of moose meat and their leather shoes, Forbes and his eldest son were found by hunters on April 22. A rescue party for his wife and children was immediately raised, but the camp could not be reached until June 2, fifty days since being left at camp with little to no supplies. Emaciated and weak, remarkably, Forbes s wife and one child survived. Forbes tale evidently struck a chord with the locals, and his narrative was set to paper by Arthur Bradman. The work was first published in Portland in 1791, followed by the present Exeter printing the following year. Editions

22 in Windsor (1792), Norwich (1793), Worcester (1793) and Philadelphia (1794) followed. All editions prior to the Philadelphia edition are very rare; only three institutional examples of this Exeter printing located in OCLC. BRISTOL B7942. SHIPTON & MOONEY $12, Brown, Samuel R.: AN AUTHENTIC HISTORY OF THE SEC- OND WAR FOR INDEPENDENCE: COMPRISING DETAILS OF THE MILITARY AND NAVAL OPERATIONS, FROM THE COMMENCEMENT TO THE CLOSE OF THE RECENT WAR... Auburn: Published by J.G. Hathaway, Two volumes. 228,94,[2]; 264,129,[3]pp. Contemporary calf, spines gilt, leather labels. Some wear to boards; spine on second volume worn, label lacking. Light scattered foxing. Still, a very good set in unsophisticated original condition. In a green half morocco and cloth slipcase, spine gilt. Howes calls this the best edition of Brown s history of the War of 1812, originally published in 1814 in Troy, New York as Views on Lake Erie, but expanded greatly into this two-volume edition. This edition also contains appendices reprinting pertinent correspondence, the Treaty of Ghent, treaties with Indian tribes, and more. Brown s history is a basic one for both the successes and failures of the American army in the Old Northwest during the war of He describes the campaigns of Hull and Harrison, military affairs in the Northwest, and the naval battles on Lake Erie. This scarce edition was published in the Syracuse suburb of Auburn, New York, but printed in the quaint village of Manlius. HOWES B866, aa. SABIN SHAW & SHOEMAKER $1500. With the Rare Fourth Volume, Aided by Jefferson 27. Burk, John: THE HISTORY OF VIRGINIA, FROM ITS FIRST SETTLEMENT TO THE COMMENCEMENT OF THE REVO- LUTION. Petersburg, Va. 1822, Four volumes. Folding table in third volume. Late 19th-century three-quarter morocco and marbled boards; rebacked in calf, spines gilt. Some light wear to extremities. Light scattered foxing and soiling, even toning. Very good. Untrimmed. The scarce second issue of Burk s important history of Virginia, comprised of the original sheets issued with new titlepages, here present with the very rare fourth volume. The latter volume, issued years after the rest of the set, was largely destroyed by fire and only a few copies have survived. The author, well known as a dramatist, was an Irish emigrant and enthusiastic Jeffersonian. After his death in a duel in 1808, the fourth volume was written by Skelton Jones and Louis Girardin, supposedly with the aid of Thomas Jefferson, to whom it is dedicated. That volume covers 1775 to Jefferson also assisted Burk in the research for the second and third volumes by lending him manuscripts, newspapers, and other materials, and Burk quotes Jefferson s Notes on the State of Virginia... throughout his History...

23 (see Sowerby for details). The lengthy appendices are of the highest historical importance Eberstadt. This second issue is not noted by Howes or Sabin, and fewer than twenty copies are located in OCLC. SHOEMAKER HAYNES PRELIMINARY CHECKLIST FOR PETERS- BURG 137. HOWES B971 (1st ed). SABIN 9273 (1st ed). $4000. Soon to Be Hamilton s Enemy 28. [Callender, James T.]: A SHORT HISTORY OF THE NATURE AND CONSEQUENCES OF EXCISE LAWS; INCLUDING SOME ACCOUNT OF THE RECENT INTERRUPTION TO THE MANUFACTORIES OF SNUFF AND REFINED SUGAR. Philadelphia: Printed for the Booksellers, pp. Modern half morocco and cloth boards, spine gilt lettered. Remnant of contemporary marbled wrapper affixed to gutter of titlepage. Toning and foxing. Good. An early Callender pamphlet on taxation. The author is famous for his scandal mongering, two of his favorite targets being Hamilton and Jefferson. Callender s unscrupulous behavior was halted one day when, in a drunken stupor, he drowned in three feet of water in the James River. In this volume he opposes recently passed Congressional taxes on sugar and snuff as ruinous to manufacture, and of consequence, unproductive to the revenue. He reviews the history of British and American excise laws, and sees only harm to American manufacturers, large and small: The nation that, for eight years, bled in every vein to buy its freedom, will gaze on with criminal apathy while the brewer, the tanner, the tallow chandler, the soapboiler, the paper maker, the nailer, the hatter, and the newsprinter ascend in succession the scaffold of excise...a standing army will soon become requisite for supporting a system universally detested. A powerful anti-tax statement, rather scarce in the market. SABIN EVANS ESTC W KRESS B2899. $2250. Scandalmonger: The Tool of Jefferson Assaults the Federalists, Leading to the Foremost Trial under the Sedition Laws 29. [Callender, James Thomson]: THE PROSPECT BEFORE US. Volume I. Richmond: Printed for the Author, and Sold by M. Jones, S. Pleasants, Jun. and J. Lyon, pp. Modern calf, gilt leather label. Light tanning. Very good. The passionate and extraordinarily rare anti-federalist screed from the scandalmonger himself, James T. Callender, suppressed by the Federalists who convicted him for sedition for writing it. Callender was a notorious journalist and political pamphleteer during the Federal period, issuing savage attacks on George Washington, John Adams, Alexander Hamilton, and others. The present work was partially

24 financed by Vice President Thomas Jefferson who was, along with James Madison, actively working against the president and his Federalist cohorts. Jefferson had been particularly impressed with Callender s attack on Hamilton, and wanted a similar work scrutinizing the Adams administration, especially as he was running against the incumbent president at the time. The pamphlet is an attack on the political corruption within the Federalist Party and inside the Adams administration, with Callender focusing his ire on the president himself. He labels the president a hoary headed incendiary, a man who has deserted and reversed all principles, and describes the Adams administration as one continued tempest of malignant passions. As President, he has never opened his lips, or lifted his pen without threatening and scolding; the grand object of his administration has been to exasperate the rage of contending parties to calumniate and destroy every man who differs from his opinions... As a result of this pamphlet, Adams and Hamilton s Federalist party used the new Sedition Act to prosecute Callender at the height of the 1800 election campaign, citing twenty passages from The Prospect Before Us in the indictment (though never naming the book itself ). After a frustrating and politically-charged trial stacked clearly against the defendant, presided over by Federalist judge Samuel Chase, who frequently interrupted the defense lawyers, and consisting of an all-federalist jury, Callender was found guilty. He was fined $200 and sentenced to nine months in prison. Callender was the last and most famous target of the Sedition Act, and the only defendant prosecuted under the law in a southern state. After Jefferson s election the new President pardoned Callender, but refused the writer s request to receive a lucrative postmaster s appointment. Callender then switched sides, revenging himself by spilling the details of Jefferson and his mulatto mistress Sally Hemings. In 1803, while drunk, he drowned in a shallow sidewater of the James River. The shadowy circumstances of his death, combined with the many powerful enemies he had made, led to numerous Vince Foster-like conspiracy theories. The first part of The Prospect Before Us was popular and welcome in Virginia at the time of publication, but roundly criticized and suppressed in Philadelphia and elsewhere. As a result, the work is extremely rare, and hardly ever encountered outside institutions. James Morton Smith, Sedition in the Old Dominion: James T. Callender and The Prospect Before Us in The Journal of Southern History, Vol. 20, No. 2 (May 1954), pp HOWES C72. EVANS SHAW & SHOEMAKER 271. BRINLEY William Safire s novel, Scandalmonger (2000), is a lively fictional treatment of Callender s career and a mustread for any enthusiast of the Federal era. REESE, FEDERAL HUNDRED 80. $13,500.

25 Important Early American Atlas 30. Carey, Mathew: CAREY S GENERAL ATLAS, IMPROVED AND ENLARGED: BEING A COLLECTION OF MAPS OF THE WORLD... Philadelphia: Published by M. Carey, preliminary leaves and 58 sheets of maps (50 double-page). Maps outlined in color. Tall folio. Antique style half calf and marbled boards. Titlepage with significant repaired damage, about 20% in upper fore-edge corner supplied in facsimile. Two preliminary text leaves also with paper repairs. The maps all pristine, with original outline color, and very fine. Except for the text leaves, a beautiful copy of this important early American atlas. This is one of the earliest American atlases published in the United States. The first American atlas was issued in 1795, and was also published by Carey. That atlas contained only 21 maps, so the present 1814 atlas, with 58 maps, is much improved and expanded from the original effort. Most of the atlas is devoted to the United States and its territories, and incorporates the latest geographical knowledge available, by what was then one of the premier mapping firms in the United States. There are maps of virtually every state, including the North-Western, Michigan, Illinois and Indiana Territories. The western maps are particularly detailed, incorporating geographic information from recent explorations. The map of the whole North American continent and the excellent large detailed map of the United States and territories can lay claim to being the best available to that time. The other maps are of the West Indies, South America, Mexico, Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia, and one of Captain Cook s Discoveries showing a large part of the North Pacific and as far south as the Hawaiian Islands.

26 Wheat points out that the map of Missouri Territory was influenced by the recent explorations of Lewis and Clark: Lewis and Clark influence is apparent on the Upper Missouri and also along the Columbia. Missouri Territory extends west to the Pacific Coast, its probable northern and southern boundaries being shown by colored dotted lines. The northern line runs easterly from Mt. Ranier and includes most of the Columbia watershed, thence north of the Missouri drainage and including that of the Assiniboin (with its large lake), thence east to Lake of the Woods and south to the head of the Mississippi, which then forms the eastern boundary. The southern line leaves the coast just north of F.S. Francisco (whose Bay is not shown), thence easterly and slightly north of the headwaters of the Rio Grande, following south along the ridge east of that stream, southeast to the head of the Colorado (of Texas) and down that stream to the Gulf of Mexico at St. Bernardo B. The State of Louisiana (admitted 1812) appears near the mouth of the Mississippi. PHILLIPS, ATLASES 722. STREETER SALE 82. WHEAT TRANSMISSISSIPPI WEST 315. $9500. Rare Work on Southern Military Campaigns 31. Claiborne, Nathaniel Herbert: NOTES ON THE WAR IN THE SOUTH; WITH BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF THE LIVES OF MONTGOMERY, JACKSON, SEVIER, THE LATE GOV. CLAIBORNE, AND OTHERS. Richmond pp. 20th-century speckled calf, paneled in gilt, spine gilt. Hinges lightly rubbed, small chip at head of spine. Very good. Commentary on the War of 1812, most of the text having been written while the war was in progress. Includes, besides the biographical sketches noted in the title, material on the Creek Indians and their relations with the government. This book is particularly interesting in connection with Jackson s 1814 campaign against the Creeks. William C.C. Claiborne, brother of the author and at one time governor of Louisiana, receives the most biographical attention. Not in Sabin. Scarce. HOWES C421, aa. DE RENNE, p.365. SHAW & SHOEMAKER SWEM FIELD 320. $ [Clinton, George]: AN ADDRESS TO THE PEOPLE OF THE AMERICAN STATES WHO CHOOSE ELECTORS...OF PRESI- DENT AND VICE-PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. TO WHICH IS ADDED, A SHORT SKETCH OF THE BIOGRAPHY OF GEN. GEORGE CLINTON, AND SEVERAL ESSAYS... Washington pp. Dbd. Near fine.

27 An interesting pamphlet supporting the candidacy of George Clinton for president in the 1808 election. Clinton, the popular former governor of New York and vice president during Thomas Jefferson s second term, was part of a group of northeastern Democratic-Republicans of New York opposed to the policies and presidential candidacy of James Madison. Sympathetic Federalists considered creating a coalition ticket with Clinton but ultimately nominated Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, who became Madison s main challenger. In the election, six New York Democratic- Republican electors who had been pledged to vote for Madison cast their votes instead for Clinton, giving him a third-place finish. Clinton returned to the office of vice president under Madison, whom he continued to oppose and toward whom, in 1809, the DAB notes, he was openly hostile. The present work, which historian Samuel E. Morison called the most formidable electioneering pamphlet for Clinton, contains a pro-clinton address signed, Nestor, a biographical sketch by Epaminondas, several articles from the Washington Expositor, and excerpts of various additional articles and letters relating to the 1808 caucus and election. SABIN 430. SHAW & SHOEMAKER DAB IV, pp Samuel E. Morison, The First National Nominating Convention, 1808 in The American Historical Review, Vol. 17, No. 4 ( July 1912), p.746. $ Coghlan, Margaret: MEMOIRS OF MRS. COGHLAN, (DAUGH- TER OF THE LATE MAJOR MONCRIEFFE,) WRITTEN BY HERSELF...INTERSPERSED WITH ANECDOTES OF THE LATE AMERICAN AND PRESENT FRENCH WAR; WITH RE- MARKS, MORAL AND POLITICAL. New York pp. 12mo. Contemporary mottled calf, rebacked in plain tan calf, modern gilt leather label. Minor wear to extremities. Scattered mild foxing, first two blanks with small marginal repairs but textblock unsophisticated, contemporary ink signature on titlepage. Overall very good. The first American edition, with the preface which was suppressed in many copies. The author was noted for her affair with Aaron Burr during the American Revolution, and thereafter spent a good deal of time in New York and Europe. Some of her travels are described in this narrative. HOWES C543. KAPLAN SABIN EVANS $1500. The Finest Map of the Ohio River of the Time 34. [Collot, Georges Henri Victor]: A GENERAL MAP OF OHIO, FROM ITS SOURCE TO ITS MOUTH: CONTAINING THE NAMES OF THE TOWNS VILLAGES AND FARMS ESTAB- LISHED AT PRESENT ON ITS BANKS TOGETHER WITH ITS SOUNDINGS AND COURSES [caption title]. [Paris (but issued in 1826)]. Four engraved plates of varying lengths, all 11½ inches in height. Previously folded, backed on linen. Two plates edged with cloth tape.

28 Linen backing slightly frayed in places, a few corners worn. Pencil annotations and small numbering labels. Light dust soiling and dampstaining. Somewhat tanned. Good plus. A large and highly detailed map of the entire Ohio River from Pittsburgh to present day Cairo, Illinois from Collot s famous and incredibly rare Voyage dans l Amérique Septentrionale... Collot was sent by the French government to survey the Ohio and Mississippi valleys in 1796, to gauge the military situation on the frontier on the Spanish and American sides of the river, and to determine possible secessionist sentiment among American frontiersmen. Despite numerous difficulties in operating as a secret agent, under suspicion by both American and Spanish officials, Collot gathered a wealth of cartographical material, as well as sounding political waters. Returning to France, he prepared his work for publication and had it printed in Unfortunately, Napoleon had just sold Louisiana and, not wishing to draw attention to the area of which he had disposed, suppressed the publication. Collot died in 1805, and the sheets of the book and atlas sat in a warehouse for the next two decades. They were then purchased by Arthus Bertrand, the leading French

29 publisher of voyages at the time. According to Bertrand s own testimony, he retained the original maps and plans, issued new titlepages with his imprint, and destroyed a number of sets to make it more scarce. This map of the Ohio is a landmark in American cartography of the early republic, and is beautifully engraved on heavy paper, as were all of the maps in the atlas. It is probably the finest and most detailed map of the Ohio printed up to this point. $22,500. The First Picture of a Log Cabin 35. [Collot, Georges Henri Victor]: AN AMERICAN LOG-HOUSE [caption title]. [Paris (i.e. 1804)]. Line engraving, approximately 10¼ x 14 inches. Matted. A few small chips and very short closed tears at edges. Numbered twice in pencil at upper left corner. Light dust soiling and dampstaining. About very good. From the atlas of Collot s famous Voyage dans l Amérique Septentrionale..., plate sixteen, depicting a log cabin in a forest clearing. This is considered to be the first real depiction of a classic American log cabin. Collot was sent by the French government to survey the Ohio and Mississippi valleys in 1796, to gauge the military situation on the frontier on the Spanish and American sides of the river, and to determine possible secessionist sentiment among American frontiersmen. Despite numerous difficulties in operating as a secret agent, under suspicion by both American and Spanish officials, Collot gathered a wealth of cartographical material, as well as sounding political waters. Returning to France, he prepared his work for publication and had it printed in Unfortunately, Napoleon had just sold Louisiana and, not wishing to draw attention to the area of which he had disposed, suppressed the publication. Collot died in 1805, and the sheets of the book and atlas sat in a warehouse for the next two decades. They were then purchased by Arthus Bertrand, the leading French publisher of voyages at the time. According to Bertrand s own

30 testimony, he retained the original maps and plans, issued new titlepages with his imprint, and destroyed a number of sets to make it more scarce. $ Cooper, Thomas: [Sedition Act]: AN ACCOUNT OF THE TRI- AL OF THOMAS COOPER, OF NORTHUMBERLAND; ON A CHARGE OF LIBEL AGAINST THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES... Philadelphia: John Bioren, pp. Modern half morocco and cloth. Institutional ink and blind stamps on titlepage, blind stamps to initial leaves. Light foxing and tanning. Good plus. A scarce pamphlet that gives an account of libel proceedings against Thomas Cooper, compiled and introduced by the defendant himself, who was brought to trial in 1800 under the Sedition Act for his published attacks on John Adams. Cooper was one of a number of men heavily involved in the publication of Republican newspapers targeted for libel trials by Federalists under the controversial law. The charges stemmed principally from articles critical of the Adams administration published in the Northumberland Gazette and the Philadelphia Aurora, as well as his Political Essays. On account of his publishing practices, by the time of the election of 1800 Cooper was considered a serious, and, for the Federalists, a dangerous political figure. He was eventually convicted. Because the work was orchestrated by Cooper, the pamphlet is not simply an account of the trial, but also a further attack against his enemies and a statement against the suppression of political dissent. The Account is fascinating not only because it exposed the manner in which a Federalist judiciary enforced the sedition laws against its Republican opponents, but also because it revealed Thomas Cooper s willingness to exploit his own arrest for political gain. In all likelihood, Cooper published the annotated account of his trial not to salvage his own reputation, but rather to imbue his persecution with political significance...cooper skillfully framed the upcoming election as a referendum on the Sedition Act and on American citizens right to engage in political debate rather than as a contest between two political parties and their ideologies Lehman. A vital work, both for its account of an important trial stemming from the Sedition Act, and for its reflection of the American political atmosphere at the outset of the 19th century. Rare on the market, with no copies appearing in auction records. EVANS SABIN Forrest K. Lehman, Seditious Libel on Trial, Political Dissent on the Record in The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. CXXXII, No. 2 (April 2008), pp $ Cooper, Thomas: SOME INFORMATION CONCERNING GAS LIGHTS. Philadelphia ,[1]pp. Contemporary half sheep and drab boards, spine gilt. Heavy scuffs and wear to boards, lower half of spine worn but solid. Lightly toned. About very good.

31 First edition of the first American book on the subject of gas lighting. Cooper was an associate of Joseph Priestley and James Watt, and one of the foremost scientific investigators in the United States. During his life, Cooper practiced law, taught chemistry and natural philosophy, was friendly with Thomas Jefferson and other leading men of the day, and authored numerous pamphlets. Cooper was described by Thomas Jefferson as one of the ablest men in America and by John Adams as a learned ingenious scientific and talented madcap. Dumas Malone stated that modern scientific progress would have been impossible without the freedom of the mind which he championed throughout life ANB. SHAW & SHOEMAKER RINK ANB (online). $750. The Speech of Cornplanter 38. [Cornplanter]: SOME TRANSACTIONS BETWEEN THE INDI- ANS AND FRIENDS IN PENNSYLVANIA IN 1791 & London: Printed by James Phillips..., [4],14,[2]pp. Modern half calf and marbled boards. Internally clean. Very good. This pamphlet prints the appeal of Chief Cornplanter of the Senecas and the Friends response, as well as the Friends communications with the Cherokees, Creeks, Chickasaws, and Choctaws. Cornplanter s address is of special interest in that it relates to his wish that two Seneca boys, along with the son of his translator, be taken in by the Friends and educated. This pamphlet also contains a speech by Philadelphia Quakers to deputies from the Southern Nations of Cherokees, Creeks, Chickasaws, and Choctaws. A significant speech by a famous Indian leader. SABIN $ [Coxe, Tench]: THE FEDERALIST: CONTAINING SOME STRIC- TURES UPON A PAMPHLET, ENTITLED, THE PRETENSIONS OF THOMAS JEFFERSON TO THE PRESIDENCY, EXAMINED, AND THE CHARGES AGAINST JOHN ADAMS, REFUTED. WHICH PAMPHLET WAS FIRST PUBLISHED IN THE GA- ZETTE OF THE UNITED STATES, IN A SERIES OF ESSAYS, UNDER THE SIGNATURE OF PHOCION. Philadelphia: Re-published from the Gazette of the United Sates, by Mathew Carey, pp. Modern half morocco. Early ownership signature of Mary Haranden on the titlepage, with another early ownership signature crossed out. A few fox marks, a bit of tanning. Very good. This vigorous defense of Jefferson in reply to William L. Smith s pamphlet was probably written by Coxe (Howes); Evans and Gaines concur. This first part contains Letters I-VIII; the second part of this work was issued separately (Evans 30294) and contains Letters IX-XII. The anonymously written work is one of the first American presidential campaign pamphlets, supporting the qualifications

32 of Jefferson and warning that John Adams favors an hereditary president and an hereditary senate. Jefferson is held up as standing amongst the friends of representative government. Letter II is a rebuttal of the accusation that Jefferson believes negroes are inferior to the white race, claiming that he has often shown solicitude for the black race. As an example, in the Declaration of Independence he sought to censur[e] the kings of Great Britain for annulling the American laws to prohibit the slave trade. Similar examples abound. Coxe was among the first proponents of a strong American commercial system, and became assistant secretary of the Treasury under Hamilton in HOWES F69. EVANS GAINES ESTC W $1350. Coxe Defends His Actions 40. Coxe, Tench: TO THE PUBLIC. IT WAS HOPED, THAT THE FULL REPLIES IN THE LAST WINTER, TO SEVERAL AT- TACKS OF THE AURORA UPON THE PURVEYOR OF PUBLIC SUPPLIES, WOULD HAVE TERMINATED THE ACCUSATIONS IN THAT NEWSPAPER. BUT IT SEEMS THEY HAVE BEEN RE-COMMENCED WITH A VIEW TO DESTROY THE PUR- VEYOR S OFFICE...[caption title]. Washington Broadsheet, 12½ x 7¼ inches. Stitch holes in left margin. Very good. An extremely rare ephemeral broadsheet by Tench Coxe, defending himself against charges in the newspaper, The Aurora, that he failed in his duties as Purveyor of Public Supplies. Signed by Coxe in print at the end of the text, the author responds to various attacks on his actions by William Duane, editor of the newspaper, between Dec. 5, 1811 and Jan. 4, 1812, the date when Coxe issued this defense. The majority of the charges are concerned with military procurement, including issues of using foreign firms rather than domestic manufacturers and suppliers. In conclusion, Coxe writes: It will be candidly remembered, that I have not opened this discussion, and it will be believed, I trust, that I feel great pain in the duty of explanation. I am obliged to limit this explanation to a ground restricted by the public interest. This circumstance, and my present separation from my office, limits my defence. Coxe held the position of Purveyor of Public Supplies for the federal government from 1803 to Prior to that, he also served as revenue commissioner, Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, and as a member of the Continental Congress in He was a prolific author on political and economic subjects. Extremely rare. Not in Shaw & Shoemaker. OCLC records the AAS copy. OCLC $ [Craig, John H.]: THE CONFESSION OF JOHN H. CRAIG, AS STATED BY HIM, AFTER TRIAL, WHO WAS EXECUTED ON SATURDAY 6th JUNE, AT CHESTER, NEAR PHILADEL- PHIA, FOR THE MURDER OF EDWARD HUNTER, ESQUIRE.

33 New York: Printed for the Flying Booksellers, pp. Dbd. Evenly toned, a few minor stains, top corner of last leaf torn diagonally, costing one or more words in the first ten lines. Good. The rare New York imprint of this Philadelphia murder confession. Craig felt that Hunter had influenced his father-in-law to leave him out of his will. He shot Hunter from ambush with a rifle. He was hanged about a mile from Chester, and at his request he was permitted to walk to the scene from town McDade. The titlepage is decorated with a coffin woodcut. Exceedingly rare, with no copies listed in OCLC, which records only one copy of the Philadelphia imprint of this title at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. McDade locates a single copy of the New York imprint, this copy, formerly belonging to the New York Bar Association. Not in Shaw & Shoemaker. McDADE 222 (this copy). SHAW & SHOEMAKER (Philadelphia ed). $2000. With Lewis and Clark Material 42. [Cramer, Zadok, publisher]: THE NAVIGATOR: CONTAINING DIRECTIONS FOR NAVIGATING THE MONONGAHELA, ALLEGHANY [sic], OHIO, AND MISSISSIPPI RIVERS...TO WHICH IS ADDED AN APPENDIX, CONTAINING AN AC- COUNT OF LOUISIANA, AND OF THE MISSOURI AND CO- LUMBIA RIVERS, AS DISCOVERED BY THE VOYAGE UNDER CAPTAINS LEWIS AND CLARK. Pittsburgh [2],156pp. including twenty-eight full-page maps. 12mo. Contemporary half calf and paper boards. Lower outer corner of rear board creased, boards worn at extremities. Bookplates on front pastedown and front free endpaper, early ownership inscriptions on front fly leaves. Occasional light fox marks, some light tanning. A closed tear in pp , with no loss. Neat repairs along fore-edge of a few leaves. Overall, about very good. In a half morocco and green cloth folding box, spine gilt. Styled the Sixth edition improved and enlarged on the titlepage, but actually only the fourth known edition, after those of 1802, 1804, and The first two editions have been found in a few copies only. Cramer s work is the first navigational guide for the Ohio and Mississippi rivers, which were vitally important commercial arteries at the time. The present edition is the first to contain material regarding the Lewis and Clark expedition, found on the final ten pages of text. The Lewis and Clark material is taken from Patrick Gass journal, which was also printed by

34 Zadok Cramer in Pittsburgh the previous year. Also included are twenty-eight woodcut maps of various sections of the rivers described. A vitally important work in helping to develop the commerce of the early United States, with a very early account of Lewis and Clark s discoveries. HOWES C855, aa. SABIN LITERATURE OF THE LEWIS AND CLARK EXPEDITION, pp STREETER SALE 992. REESE, BEST OF THE WEST 24 (ref ). $17,500. A Play about Voodoo in Haiti, London, [Cross, John Cartwright]: MISS SCOTT EVANS...BEGS LEAVE RESPECTFULLY TO INFORM HER FRIENDS AND THE PUB- LIC, THAT HER BENEFIT, AT THE NEW ROYAL CIRCUS, ST. GEORGE S FIELDS, IS FIXED FOR SATURDAY, THE 3d OF OCTOBER, 1801, WHEN THE NEW GRAND SPECTACLE OF KING CÆSAR, OR, THE NEGRO SLAVES...WILL BE PER- FORMED. [London]: Printed at the Philanthropic J. Richardson, [1801]. Broadside, 13¼ x 8¼ inches. Contemporary ink correction to one word, old folds, light edge wear, minor creasing and wrinkling. Very good. Untrimmed. This playbill records a performance of King Cæsar, or, the Negro Slaves... by John Cartwright Cross at the New Royal Circus, London, Oct. 3, The production was inspired by the activities of the rebel slave leader and Voodoo priest François Mackandal in the French colony of Saint-Domingue in the Caribbean. A onearmed escaped slave, Mackandal organized Maroon bands in the 1750s, staging raids on the French until his eventual capture in First performed on Wednesday, Sept. 16, 1801, the grand spectacle was produced at the time of great public interest in the ongoing slave revolt on Saint-Domingue ( ) that led to the founding of Haiti. Not in OCLC. $1850. The First Reports of the Supreme Court 44. Dallas, Alexander James: REPORTS OF CASES RULED AND AD- JUDGED IN THE COURTS OF PENNSYLVANIA, BEFORE AND SINCE THE REVOLUTION. Philadelphia. 1790/1798/1799/1807. Four volumes. x,[2],494,xxiv,[1]; [2],iv,480,xix; [8],519,[1],xiii; [6],472,xxxiv,[14]pp.

35 Half morocco and cloth. Old institutional ink stamps on titlepages. Contemporary ownership inscriptions on titlepages of volumes one and three. Minor repairs to a few leaves. Leaves of volume four interleaved with acid free paper. Light tanning and an occasional fox mark in first three volumes, volume four more heavily browned and foxed. A very good set overall. The first published reports of the United States Supreme Court, covering the cases which appeared before the Court from its inception in 1790 through 1800, and covering the chief justiceships of John Jay and Oliver Ellsworth. The first volume is made up entirely of cases in Pennsylvania before the establishment of the Supreme Court, while the other three volumes contain the Supreme Court cases, of which all are first editions. The period for which cases are covered ends with the seat of government s move to Washington and John Marshall s assuming the chief justiceship (the succeeding series of reports, by William Cranch, takes up where Dallas leaves off ). Alexander Dallas was born in Jamaica and came to the U.S. as a young lawyer in He quickly rose to prominence as an attorney, writer, Secretary of Pennsylvania, district attorney under Jefferson, and Secretary of the Treasury under Madison. As one of the chief lawyers arguing before the Supreme Court, he decided to collect and report its cases as well as those of Pennsylvania courts. The first volume, originally published in 1790 (here in the second edition of 1806), collects important cases from before the Federal period. The second volume, issued in 1798, includes the very first Supreme Court cases on pages Much of this is concerned with the first great constitutional case, Chisholm v. Georgia, which contested the right of a citizen of one state to sue a citizen of another, and which greatly expanded the federal power over states by determining that such a right existed. The third volume, published in 1799, is almost entirely (the first 466 pages) devoted to the Supreme Court from 1794 to Herein is a series of landmark constitutional cases, including Georgia v. Brailsford (1794); Glass v. Sloop Betsy, which tested the constitutionality of the Neutrality (1794); Penhallow v. Doane s Administrators (1795); and perhaps most importantly, Hylton v. U.S., the first case in which the Court exercised its constitutional right of passing on the constitutionality of a law made by Congress. The fourth volume contains only a short segment (pages 12-46) covering cases in By the time this was published, Dallas was too absorbed in his work as district attorney and no longer in the city where the Court sat, and he had surrendered the role of being its reporter to William Cranch, who published the first of his series of reports on Marshall s court in A landmark series of reports, the first of the United States, tracing the first decade of the Supreme Court and containing decisions of the greatest importance. DAB V, pp EVANS 33598, 35374, SHAW & SHOEMAKER ESTC W REESE, FEDERAL HUNDRED 27. $4500.

36 45. Dallas, Alexander James: Ingersoll, Jared: [AUTOGRAPH LETTER SIGNED BY ALEXANDER J. DALLAS CONCERNING A LAND DEAL; ALSO SIGNED BY JARED INGERSOLL]. Philadelphia. Oct. 29, [1]p., docketed on verso. Quarto. Old folds. Slight wear and minor loss at folds. Small loss at top edge, not affecting text. Lightly dampstained. Quite legible, with signatures clean and fresh. Good. In a folio-sized red cloth folder, gilt leather label. Letter written by Alexander J. Dallas and Jared Ingersoll to a gentleman named M Nair regarding a land transaction that has yet to be satisfactorily consummated. Alexander J. Dallas was a lawyer and politician, best remembered as the compiler of the first Supreme Court reports. He succeeded Albert Gallatin as Secretary of the Treasury in 1814, a position which he held until his death two years later. He served as Secretary of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania from Jared Ingersoll, Jr., also a lawyer and politician, was a Signer of the U.S. Constitution. Likewise involved in Pennsylvania politics, at the time this letter was written he was serving as solicitor for the city of Philadelphia. Though the two men held opposite political views, Ingersoll was a Federalist and Dallas an Antifederalist, they seem to have come together by friendship or common interest to speculate jointly on land. The letter reads: Sir, We have repeatedly written to you on the subject of our lands, without being favored with an answer, though we have assumed the payment of your draft in favor of [illegible]. Our application to the land office for patents is suspended, for want of regular proofs of settlement and improvement, which you promised to furnish. We beg, sir, that you business may be no longer delayed; and we expect all the necessary documents will be ready, when you come to join the Legislature. If it is not too much to hope, we should presume on receiving an acknowledgment of the receipt of this letter, accompanied by a statement of your agency, the sales, or leases, that have been made, the contracts formed, and the monies received, &c. Mr. M Nair presumably had some business with the state legislature, either in political office or otherwise, which brought him into contact with these two important men. Many prominent political figures in the late 18th and early 19th centuries dabbled in some form of land speculation. $ [Dean, Cyrus B.]: THE TRIAL OF CYRUS B. DEAN, FOR THE MURDER OF JONATHAN ORMSBY AND ASA MARSH, BE- FORE THE SUPREME COURT OF JUDICATURE OF THE STATE OF VERMONT... Burlington, Vt pp. Dbd. One internal leaf chipped at lower margin, not affecting text, closed tear to another leaf repaired with tape. Moderate toning and foxing. About very good. The trial account of a case of murder resultant from international smuggling in northern Vermont during the first decade of the 19th century. The victims were

37 two revenue agents who tried to intercept smugglers taking potash into Canada. They were shot with a gun nine feet, four inches long. Dean was sentenced to hang McDade. McDADE 246. SHAW & SHOEMAKER $ Denson, Jesse: THE CHRONICLES OF ANDREW; CONTAINING AN ACCURATE AND BRIEF ACCOUNT OF GENERAL JACK- SON S VICTORIES IN THE SOUTH, OVER THE CREEKS AND HIS VICTORIES OVER THE BRITISH AT NEW-ORLEANS. WITH A BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF HIS LIFE. [Removed from:] Hillard, Isaac: A WONDERFUL AND HORRIBLE THING IS COMMITTED IN THE LAND... [Hamilton, Oh. 1822]. pp.[87] Contemporary half leather and paper boards. Boards quite edgeworn and soiled. Contemporary ownership signatures of members of the Van Cleve family on front free endpapers, bookplate on rear pastedown. Toned, scattered foxing. Good. An interesting creation in which an early owner has removed Jesse Denson s The Chronicles of Andrew from the 1822 Hamilton, Ohio edition of Isaac Hillard s A Wonderful and Horrible Thing Is Committed in the Land... and bound it as a separate, discreet title. Denson s highly approving assessment of Andrew Jackson s conduct in the War of 1812 and against the Creek Indians was first published in Lexington, Kentucky and Milledgeville, Georgia in In that sense it is the third edition of the text. It was then included as the concluding section of the 1822 edition of Hillard s book, which was first published (without the Denson portion) in Poughkeepsie in Denson s text is a mixture of prose and poetry, written in a highly religious style, thereby lending Andrew Jackson godlike qualities. A strange copy of a strange title edition of Hillard: HOWES H491. SABIN STREETER SALE AMERICAN IMPRINTS $ [Destutt de Tracy, Antoine L.C.]: A COMMENTARY AND REVIEW OF MONTESQUIEU S SPIRIT OF LAWS. PREPARED FOR PRESS FROM THE ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT, IN THE HANDS OF THE PUBLISHER... Philadelphia: Printed by William Duane, viii,292pp. Contemporary calf, rebacked with original spine laid down. Copley Library bookplate. Contemporary ownership inscription on titlepage. Light tanning and foxing. Very good. In an elaborate green half morocco slipcase.

38 This is the first edition, and an edition in French did not appear until In his preface the author states that he wrote this work, in which he extols the superiority of the republican constitution of America over that of England, during his residence in America and, more important, that he wrote it for Americans, albeit in his native language for lack of sufficient skill in English. It also contains considerable discussion of economic policy. Thomas Jefferson revised the translation of the work from the French, and forwarded it on to the printer, William Duane. COHEN SABIN SHAW & SHOEMAKER SOWERBY, JEF- FERSON S LIBRARY $750. The Copy Presented to Thomas Jefferson 49. Drake, Daniel: [ Jefferson, Thomas]: NATURAL AND STATISTI- CAL VIEW, OR PICTURE OF CINCINNATI AND THE MIAMI COUNTRY, ILLUSTRATED BY MAPS. WITH AN APPENDIX, CONTAINING OBSERVATIONS ON THE LATE EARTH- QUAKES, THE AURORA BOREALIS, AND SOUTH-WEST WIND. Cincinnati ,[4]pp. plus two folding maps. Contemporary tree calf, spine elaborately gilt, black leather label. A presentation binding, as this book was issued either in boards or in a plain sheep edition binding. Scattered foxing, else a fine copy. With a presentation inscription, as given below. In a half morocco and cloth box. One of the most notable and important early Ohio books, by one of Cincinnati s most famous residents, in a remarkable copy inscribed on the front fly leaf: For the honorable Thomas Jefferson with the respects of his very obedt. servt. Dan. Drake. The book, modeled on Jefferson s own Notes on the State of Virginia, covers the geography, antiquities, topography, medical conditions, and government of southern Ohio. The work is almost entirely original, and has been drawn upon largely by all subsequent writers on the subject Thomson. The maps are a plan of Cincinnati and a map of Miami county. The author, Dr. Daniel Drake, was one of the first great physicians in the West. He was involved in the founding of numerous Ohio and Kentucky institutions and wrote a number of important works, especially medical, on the area. This book, issued when he was thirty, was the first to achieve national notice. Despite the imprint date of 1815, a delay in obtaining the maps, which were engraved in Philadelphia while the book was printed in Cincinnati, delayed issue until Feb. 16, 1816.

39 One of Drake s good friends was Josiah Meigs, the commissioner of the General Land Office and an acquaintance of Jefferson. Drake asked Meigs to send Jefferson this presentation copy, and on March 1, 1816, Meigs wrote to Jefferson: My friend Dr. Daniel Drake of Cincinnati, Ohio, has requested me to transmit to you a Copy of his work, entitled Picture of Cincinnati. I presume it will gratify you as an elegant and valuable work. Meigs also described Drake as a sincere and faithful friend of our free Institutions, signaling that Drake was a good Republican. On April 7, 1816, Jefferson wrote to Meigs: I have referred [sic] asking the favor of you to return my thanks to Dr. Drake for the copy of his account of the state of Ohio which he has been so kind as to send me until I could have time to peruse it. I have done this with great pleasure and may now express my gratification on this able addition to the knowledge we possess of our different states; and I may say with truth that were all of them as well delineated as that which is the subject of this volume, we should be more accurately and scientifically known to the rest of the world. With my thanks for this mark of attention be pleased to accept the assurance of my great esteem & respect. Th: Jefferson. This volume would have come into Jefferson s hands after the sale of his main collection to the Library of Congress in 1815, and so became part of his third and final library. Hence it does not figure in Sowerby s catalogue of Jefferson s library, and was one of the group of books widely dispersed after Jefferson s death a decade later. It does not have Jefferson s usual marks of ownership of his initials next to the signature letters; he may have assumed the presentation was identification enough. A wonderful association copy of a significant book. HOWES D465, aa. SABIN STREETER SALE THOMSON 346. Emmet F. Horine, Daniel Drake, Pioneer Physician of the Midwest (Philadelphia, 1961), pp (citing Meigs and Jefferson letters). $75,000. Celebrating the Founding of the Ohio Company 50. Drowne, Solomon: AN ORATION, DELIVERED AT MARIETTA, APRIL 7, 1789, IN COMMEMORATION OF THE COMMENCE- MENT OF THE SETTLEMENT FORMED BY THE OHIO COMPANY. Worcester, Ma.: Isaiah Thomas, [2],17pp. Half title. Quarto. Stitched, as issued. A few small chips at edges. Author s ownership inscription on half title. Moderate tanning and foxing. Good plus. Solomon Drowne was an early American physician who served as a surgeon during the Revolutionary War. In 1788 he settled in Ohio with other veterans of the Revolution, and this speech marked the foundation of their new town, Marietta. This was the author s copy, with his ownership inscription on the half title. ESTC locates copies in just six institutions. ESTC W EVANS SABIN $1500.

40 Harsh Attack on Washington 51. [Duane, William]: [Washington, George]: A LETTER TO GEORGE WASHINGTON, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: CON- TAINING STRICTURES ON HIS ADDRESS ON THE SEVEN- TEENTH OF SEPTEMBER, 1796, NOTIFYING THE RELIN- QUISHMENT OF THE PRESIDENTIAL OFFICE. By Jasper Dwight, of Vermont. Philadelphia pp. Antique-style half calf and marbled boards. Minor toning and soiling, bottom corner of titlepage chipped. Very good. A vicious attack of George Washington by the ill-tempered Philadelphia printer and publisher, hiding under a pseudonym. A harsh critique of Washington s services during the Revolution, printed soon after his famous Farewell Address of September One of the most violent invectives against Washington... Sabin. Transcends in bitterness even Paine s invective Howes. Evans lists this work under Friedrich Treziulney, Duane s bookkeeper, describing the intense hatred edited in, to the opening and closing pages, could only be that of a man who was without citizenship in any country, or political principle which was not opposed to the public opinion of every country wherever he had lived. A rare work, and a classic case of the Federalist-Republican split in the mid-1790s. HOWES D515. EVANS SABIN $2750. Early American Painting Exhibition 52. Dunlap, William: DESCRIPTION OF DUNLAP S PAINTING OF THE CHRIST REJECTED [caption title]. [N.p. n.d., but probably ca. 1822]. Broadside, 11½ x 9 inches. Lightly and evenly toned. Some light soiling, minor foxing; small hole in top corner, not affecting text. Manuscript notation on verso. Good plus. Broadside describing William Dunlap s painting, Christ Rejected (1822), with a line noting that admission is 25 cents, though a ticket admitting the bearer at all times during the Exhibition is 50 cents. Dunlap ( ) was a dramatist, historian, and painter, authoring numerous stage plays and managing a theatre company. Born in New Jersey, the son of a merchant, Dunlap had little formal schooling but trained as a painter, eventually studying with Benjamin West. While in London, however, he primarily reveled in the theatre scene, writing and producing his first play in 1787 upon his return to New York. He became a managing partner in the American Company in 1796, an organization which eventually went bankrupt. Though he returned officially to his painting career, he flirted with the theatre on and off for financial reasons until 1811, though he continued to write plays. As his principal biographer, Oral Sumner Coad, has noted, Dunlap was a man of moderate innate talent but of seemingly unlimited versatility, energy, and

41 enthusiasm, who participated in practically all of the significant cultural activities of his day ANB. He is considered to be one of the fathers of American drama. He also wrote several histories on the American theatre and the first book on the history of the fine arts in the United States, History of the Arts of Design. During the 1820s, Dunlap produced a series of large-scale exhibition paintings based on the life of Christ, among which is the painting described in the present broadside. The picture represents the events which took place when Pilate brought forth Jesus from the Judgment Hall to the Pavement crowned with thorns, and in the gorgeous robe with which he had been arrayed by Herod. The broadside goes on to describe the various groups of people assembled and their place amongst the throng on the canvas. All of Dunlap s large exhibition paintings have perished and are known only through descriptions such as this, excepting Christ Rejected, which is also known in one small-scale study located at the Princeton Art Museum. ANB (online). $2250. Full Publication of the Debates on the Constitution 53. Elliot, Jonathan: THE DEBATES IN THE SEVERAL STATE CON- VENTIONS, ON THE ADOPTION OF THE FEDERAL CON- STITUTION, AS RECOMMENDED BY THE GENERAL CON- VENTION AT PHILADELPHIA, IN TOGETHER WITH THE JOURNAL OF THE FEDERAL CONVENTION...Second Edition, with considerable alterations... Washington. 1854; Five volumes. Uniform 20th-century buckram, gilt leather labels. Corners bumped, labels chipped, cloth lightly soiled. Shelf labels on spines and institutional stamps on titlepages. Contemporary ownership inscriptions on front free endpapers. Light tanning at edges, otherwise internally clean. Good plus. Second printing of the second and best edition of the first four volumes, first edition of the fifth volume. Contains full publication of the state ratification debates on the Constitution, of great importance in American constitutional history. This second edition adds greatly to the material which appears in the first edition of , most notably the addition of James Madison s notes, which were acquired by the Library of Congress in the mid-1830s. The supplementary fifth volume, here in the only edition, published in 1845, contains the journal and debates regarding the Federal convention with the constitution of the United States, illustrated by the opinions of twenty successive congresses, and a digest of decisions in the courts of the Union, involving constitutional principles. These additional records were intended to show the rise, progress, present condition, and practice of the constitution, in the national legislature and legal tribunals of the republic. HOWES E98. $2500.

42 Remarkable Description of a Utopian Community in the American West in Ellis, G.A.: NEW BRITAIN. A NARRATIVE OF A JOURNEY...TO A COUNTRY SO CALLED BY ITS INHABITANTS, DISCOV- ERED IN THE VAST PLAIN OF THE MISSOURI, IN NORTH AMERICA, AND INHABITED BY THE PEOPLE OF BRITISH ORIGIN, WHO LIVE UNDER AN EQUITABLE SYSTEM OF SO- CIETY, PRODUCTIVE OF PECULIAR INDEPENDENCE AND HAPPINESS. London: W. Simpkin and R. Marshall, viii,336pp. Later three-quarter dark brown morocco and cloth by Riviere & Son, spine gilt with raised bands, marbled endpapers, t.e.g. Very good. Uncut on two sides. An interesting Utopian narrative, probably written under a pseudonym, describing an imaginary ideal state in the American West. The author tells how he heard from an Englishman named Hebertson about a settlement of people of Scottish origin in the plains near the Missouri River. He determined to visit, and commenced his journey from New York on April 7, 1818, travelling through Illinois, across the Mississippi and southwest until he reached New Britain. There he remained for nine months before returning to write his narrative. Most of the text describes the imaginary utopian civilization of New Britain, said to be founded by refugees from the era of Henry VIII seeking religious freedom. After a difficult beginning, the colony had renounced its previous laws and founded a government based on reason. The democratic socialist society evolved into a land of villages populated by artisans and agricultural works, a sort of Jeffersonian ideal. New ideas and technology were obtained by sending spies into the outside world. The society existed without money or trade, and with universal education, controlled population growth, and minimal government. Religion was limited to communal worship of a supreme spirit. The author, deeply impressed, returned to England to spread the good news. An interesting and rare American utopia, praised by Howgego as pleasantly readable and has much of originality to commend it. Included in both the standard Americana and Utopian references, it is quite scarce in the market. HOWES E118. SABIN FIELD 498. MAGGS, BIBLIOTHECA AMERICANA EBERSTADT 103:97. HOWGEGO, IMAGINARY VOYAGES AND INVENTED WORLDS E3. BLEILER, SCIENCE FICTION 657. BLEILER (1978), p.68. NEGLEY 313. PENN STATE UTOPIA CATALOGUE, p.57. SARGENT, p.18. $3500. A Beautiful Set of the First American Encyclopedia, the Most Extensively Illustrated Work Printed in America Before [Encyclopædia Britannica]: ENCYCLOPÆDIA; OR, A DICTION- ARY OF ARTS, SCIENCES, AND MISCELLANEOUS LITERA- TURE... Philadelphia: Thomas Dobson, Eighteen volumes. With 542

43 copperplate engravings, some folding. Large quarto. Contemporary speckled tree calf, spines gilt, red morocco labels. Some edge wear and scuffing to the boards. Some hinges starting, mostly minor toning, occasional light foxing. Overall very good. An excellent set of the greatly improved first edition of the first encyclopedia printed in America. Dobson s Encyclopædia was profusely illustrated with over 500 copperplate engravings, constituting the finest group of American engravings of the century signifying the coming of age of American book illustration, according to Wroth. The massive work is illustrated with 542 copperplates engraved by noted artists such as Robert Scott, James Thackara, E. Trenchard, the Smithers, John Vallance, James Akin, William Barker, Joseph Bowles, Francis Shallus, Henry W. Weston, Joseph Seymour, and others. The text comes from the third edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica, with some revisions, namely the section on America, which was written by Jedidiah Morse. Interestingly, the entirety of the work is printed on paper manufactured in Pennsylvania. While the text largely follows the third edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica, there is considerable added material mainly related to the Americas and the United States. Subscribers included Thomas Jefferson, George Washington, Aaron Burr, and Alexander Hamilton. A landmark publication, not just the largest printing project undertaken in America at the time, but one that marked the end of printing in America as a household craft and the beginning of its factory stage of development Wroth. Richard D. Arner has written an excellent and thorough description of the history and production of the work. EVANS WROTH, COLONIAL PRINTER, pp Silver, American Printer, pp LEHMANN-HAUPT 95. RINK 116. SABIN Richard D. Arner, Dobson s Encyclopædia: the Publisher, Text, and Publication... (Philadelphia, 1991). $11,000. Attacking President Jefferson 56. [Evans, Thomas]: A SERIES OF LETTERS, ADDRESSED TO THOMAS JEFFERSON, ESQ. PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, CONCERNING HIS OFFICIAL CONDUCT AND PRINCIPLES: WITH AN APPENDIX OF IMPORTANT DOC- UMENTS AND ILLUSTRATIONS. By Tacitus. Philadelphia

44 127,[48]pp. Dbd. Slight chips to lower edge of titlepage. Contemporary ownership inscription at head of titlepage. Some dust soiling, light tanning, scattered foxing. Good plus. A virulent Federalist tract against Jefferson, attributed to Thomas Evans. The appendix includes extracts from the General Assembly of Virginia, the text of letters and speeches by Jefferson, and extracts from diplomatic correspondence involving Jefferson. HOWES E229. SHAW & SHOEMAKER SABIN $2250. The Seventh Issue of One of the Most Important Early Maps of the United States 57. Faden, William: THE UNITED STATES OF NORTH AMERICA: WITH THE BRITISH TERRITORIES, AND THOSE OF SPAIN. [London]: Wm. Faden, Copper-engraved map, with full original color. Sheet size: 22 x 27½ inches. In excellent condition. Faden s sequence of maps of the United States represents one of the most important cartographic depictions of the newly independent republic. The present map is the seventh issue of the fourteen total appellations (including the parent plan and thirteen subsequent issues). The Faden sequence comprises a fascinating series of

45 historical documents regarding the political development of the United States, each issue capturing a distinct stage in America s transformative change. The map does not acknowledge the recent admission of the State of Ohio (1803), though the process of territorial development is noted in The Seven Ranges and Army Land in the southeast corner of the state, where Thomas Hutchins established the wisdom of using right angles and grids to establish governmental and proprietorial entities, the system that would overlay most of America s future territory. Various private and public plans are underway throughout the southern halves of Ohio and the future Indiana and Illinois. For example, an enterprise that was headed by Colonel Simmes [sic], in western Ohio. John Cleves Symmes ( ), was an eccentric New Jersey magistrate, who had contributed to the Continental Army, and who later wrote a book which theorized that the interior of the earth was both hollow and inhabitable, and could be entered through the poles. The map is helpfully colored to designate, as his previous maps had, the rulership of the various parts. Now the list consists of Great Britain, Spain, France (really just cod fishing rights of the western coast of Newfoundland), and the United States, whose responsibilities now include Louisiana Territory. Faden also designated purple regions that represent, The Aborigines or Indians, and Boundaries of the Lands they have Granted. The purple regions tellingly assert the rapid spread of the white settlers including all the Great Lakes and cutting through New York, Pennsylvania, and south through Georgia. Clearly, the British supposition and hope that the Americans would be confined to the Atlantic seaboard was false. Faden elected to present the extreme British conception of the border in northern Maine, (whose northern boundary disputes would continue well into the 19th century) and in the northwest, the border was supposed to run west to the source of the Mississippi, when in reality the source was located well to the south. The map also features The Twenty Leagues Line located off of the east coast that marked the exclusive maritime jurisdiction of the United States. The composition is completed by an especially finely engraved title cartouche which depicts scenes of commerce in the prosperous new nation. Not in Phillips. Stevens & Tree, Comparative Cartography 80(g) in Tooley, THE MAPPING OF AMERICA. $10,000. Opposing Robert Fulton s Steamboat Patents 58. [Fairfax, Ferdinando]: MEMORIAL OF FERDINANDO FAIRFAX, AGAINST THE EXTENSION OF THE PATENTS GRANTED TO ROBERT FULTON, FOR IMPROVEMENTS IN PROPELLING VESSELS BY STEAM. Washington pp. Dbd. Moderate foxing and dampstaining. Good. A quite scarce imprint publishing the objections of Ferdinando Fairfax to the extension of Robert Fulton s patents related to steam power and steamboats, written as a memorial to the United States Senate. Fulton had died the previous year, and the

46 continuance of his patents would have benefited his widow and children. Fairfax was a constant opponent of Fulton in his steamboat enterprises, with a serious financial interest in the steam power business of John Fitch, the other potential holder of the steamboat patents. In this work, Fairfax argues that Fulton was not the proper holder of the patent to begin with, and further that the granting of the patents and Fulton s agreements with several states for the exclusive operation of steamboats constituted a harmful monopoly. Ultimately, Fairfax was unable to break Fulton s monopoly, and was ruined by this and several other poor investments. OCLC locates copies at only three institutions. Shaw & Shoemaker add four others. SABIN SHAW & SHOEMAKER $2500. Signer of the Constitution 59. Fitzsimmons, Thomas: [AUTOGRAPH NOTE, SIGNED BY THOMAS FITZSIMMONS, TO JOHN NICHOLSON, REGARD- ING A CONTRACT FOR GEORGIA LAND]. [N.p., but likely Philadelphia]. April 14, [1]p. with six lines of text. Quarto. Old fold lines. Minor soiling. Later printed biography blurb on Fitzsimmons pasted to bottom left corner. Very good. In a blue half morocco and cloth clamshell case, spine gilt. Brief autograph letter written by Signer of the Constitution Thomas Fitzsimmons to fellow land speculator and financier John Nicholson, regarding the sale of some land in Georgia. Thomas Fitzsimmons was a Philadelphia merchant and politician. During the American Revolution, he held several state offices and supported the troops with his own funds during the harsh winter at Morristown. To further support the finances of the country, he helped fund the Bank of North America the first bank in the United States and served on its board of directors until He served in the Continental Congress and at the Constitutional Convention, where he supported strong central government. Throughout his career, he was closely allied with the Federalist Party and supported Alexander Hamilton s economic policies. Fitzsimmons supported the land speculation schemes of Robert Morris, and as a result went bankrupt in This letter was written to Robert Morris s partner, John Nicholson, discussing some land speculation in Georgia. The brief letter reads: Sir, I could wish to compleat our contract for the Georgia lands, as soon [here?] as your [?] will permit you to attend it. $750. A Guide for Youth from Ben 60. Franklin, Benjamin: MÉMOIRES DE LA VIE PRIVÉE DE BEN- JAMIN FRANKLIN, ÊCRITS PAR LUI-MÊME, ET ADRESSÉS A SON FILS... Paris: Chez Buisson, [2],vi,156,[207]pp. (pp.204-

47 207 misnumbered ). Contemporary mottled calf, neatly rebacked with original boards and original label laid down. Minor abrasions to boards. Mild occasional toning. Very good. First edition, preceding any English-language printing, of Franklin s autobiography. This is certainly Franklin s best known book, and a classic Americanum in which he tells the story of his climb, through thrift and frugality, from poverty to success and influence. It is also one of the best pictures of life in Philadelphia during his youth and middle age. Franklin is remarkably candid throughout the work about people with whom he was involved and his own motives for his actions. The first British edition appeared in 1793, followed by the first American printing in HOWES F323, b. STREETER SALE FORD 383. GROLIER AMERICAN 100, 21. SABIN $3500. Tax Revolt or Treason? 61. [Fries, John]: THE TWO TRIALS OF JOHN FRIES, ON AN INDICTMENT OF TREASON; TOGETHER WITH A BRIEF REPORT OF THE TRIALS OF SEVERAL OTHER PERSONS, FOR TREASON AND INSURRECTION, IN THE COUNTIES OF BUCKS, NORTHAMPTON AND MONTGOMERY, IN THE CIR- CUIT COURT OF THE UNITED STATES... Philadelphia: William D. Woodward, ,226,51pp. Modern quarter calf and marbled boards, gilt leather label. Institutional ink stamp on titlepage. Moderate tanning, occasional faint foxing. Very good. The scarce account of the two trials of John Fries, leader of the Fries Rebellion in northeastern Pennsylvania in 1798 and 1799, the last of three American tax revolts of the late 18th century (preceded by Shays and the Whiskey Rebellions). The resistance developed in response to first direct tax on land, housing, and slaves levied by the federal government after the XYZ Affair and in anticipation of war with France. Fries and his supporters contended that these taxes did not constitute legitimate action by a republican government, and in February 1799 seized a number of prisoners without firing a shot from a U.S. Marshal who had been making arrests in the area. In the months that ensued, the Federalist president John Adams s administration sent federal troops into the region under the command of Gen. William

48 MacPherson to apprehend Fries and thirty others. They were taken to Philadelphia and charged with crimes ranging from obstruction of process to treason. Fries and two of his neighbors, William Getman and Frederick Heaney, were charged with treason, tried, and convicted with considerable public attention in April and May The convictions were thrown out with the revelation of a biased juror. A yellow fever epidemic delayed their subsequent trials for treason for another year, but once again they were convicted and sentenced to hang by Judge Samuel Chase, who was later a Supreme Court justice. President Adams had used the preceding year to inquire into the matter for himself and was convinced that, while illegal, Fries s actions did not amount to treason. On 21 May 1800, forty-eight hours before the scheduled execution, Adams pardoned the three condemned men. The Federalist party was already disintegrating, but the president s leniency so outraged the followers of Hamilton that the pardon completed the split just months prior to Adams s bid for reelection ANB. An important account of one of the significant events of the tumultuous end to the 1700s in America, and rare on the market, with only one copy having appeared at auction in the past century. COHEN ESTC W EVANS SABIN ANB (online). $2500. The Famous Submarine Warfare Book 62. Fulton, Robert: TORPEDO WAR, AND SUBMARINE EXPLO- SIONS. New York: Printed by William Elliot, ,[3]pp. plus five plates. Oblong quarto. Original printed wrappers, bound by a pebbled cloth

49 backstrip. Wrappers torn and stained, fore-edge of front wrapper mended. Most leaves with some edge wear, final ten leaves with a small semi-circular tear in lower edge, not affecting text. Old vertical crease, light tanning, occasional offsetting. Overall, still a very good copy, in original condition. In a cloth chemise and slipcase, spine gilt. The rare first edition of Fulton s famous treatise on torpedo warfare, probably the most important early work devoted to this novel naval technology. Herein Fulton describes his system of submarine explosives which he had demonstrated to Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and other leaders from the House and Senate, at the home of his friend, Joel Barlow. The plates depict the brig, Dorothea, as she was blown up on the 15th of Oct. 1805, a submerged torpedo mine, and other illustrations showing how the torpedo is carried aboard a vessel, how a harpoon is used in torpedo explosives, etc. One of the chapters is about the Imaginary Inhumanity of Torpedo War. Fulton was a skilled artist, inventor, and civil engineer. A native of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, he spent twenty years abroad in England developing his talents and inventions. His chief work was in the design of canal systems, so important to commercial activity in 19th-century America, and in the development of steamboats. An important work of American military technology. RINK HOWES F417, b. SABIN SHAW & SHOEMAKER DAB VII, pp PRINTING AND THE MIND OF MAN 264. REESE, FEDERAL HUN- DRED 59 (ref ). $12,500. Fulton Argues for His Monopoly: The Background of a Major Constitutional Case 63. [Fulton, Robert, and Robert Livingston]: THE RIGHT OF A STATE TO GRANT EXCLUSIVE PRIVILEGES, IN ROADS, BRIDGES, CANALS, NAVIGABLE WATERS, &c. VINDICATED; BY A CAN- DID EXAMINATION OF THE GRANT FROM THE STATE OF NEW-YORK TO, AND CONTRACT WITH ROBERT R. LIV- INGSTON AND ROBERT FULTON, FOR THE EXCLUSIVE NAVIGATION OF VESSELS, BY STEAM OR FIRE, FOR A LIM- ITED TIME, ON THE WATERS OF SAID STATE... New-York ,9pp. Dbd. A bit of light foxing. Very good. This legal argument was written on behalf of steamboat inventor, Robert Fulton, and his business partner, Robert Livingston, in support of their claim for a continued monopoly on navigation on the rivers of New York State. Fulton and Livingston first partnered in the 1790s, and in 1798 secured a monopoly for the navigation of New York rivers. The monopoly was renewed in 1803 and extended again in Rival steamboat entrepreneurs decried the monopoly, and Fulton and Livingston were challenged in 1811 over their exclusive right. This pamphlet argues in favor

50 of the State of New York s right to grant Fulton and Livingston a monopoly. Their monopoly was indeed continued until 1824, when the case of Gibbons v. Ogden asserted that the federal government had greater power over interstate commerce than the individual states, and such state-granted monopolies were broken. SABIN COHEN SHAW & SHOEMAKER $ [Fulton, Robert]: THE SECOND CRISIS OF AMERICA, OR A CURSORY VIEW OF THE PEACE LATELY CONCLUDED BE- TWEEN GREAT BRITAIN AND THE UNITED STATES, EXAM- INING THE MANNER THIS EVENT WILL OPERATE ON THE COMMERCE OF AMERICA... New York: John H. Sherman, pp. Original printed wrappers. Wrappers heavily chipped at extremities, front wrapper detached. Text clean, and overall, this is a very good copy. Anonymously authored pamphlet, believed to be by Robert Fulton. This is a presentation copy, inscribed on the titlepage to Secretary of State Richard Rush: Richard Rush Esquire with the high Respect of the Author. The discussion as to the benefits of canals lends support to its authorship, as does the imprint, Fulton having died in New York in SABIN $1000. The Earliest Obtainable Map to Name Illinois 65. Gardiner, John: MAP OF THE BOUNTY LANDS IN ILLINOIS TERRITORY. [Washington: General Land Office, 1817]. Engraved map, 20¾ x 16¾ inches. Old folds. Two period manuscript additions near the lower neat line, identifying the locations of St. Louis and the Missouri River. Very good. An early and important map of Illinois Territory. This is the earlier of two issues of the map, without the printed township grid found in the later issue. In May 1812, Congress passed a law which set aside lands in what is now Arkansas, Michigan, and Illinois as payment for service in the War of 1812 (they had similarly given out lands in the Northwest Territory to Revolutionary War veterans). Offering western lands was a means of doing well by doing good: the free lands would attract settlers and push the frontiers of American civilization westward. One hundred sixty acres in bounty lands in Illinois Territory were offered to each prospective settler for free. Some war veterans actually did move westward, while others sold the rights to their lands to those more eager to go to the frontier. Ultimately, thousands went west to Illinois in the decade, and the territory became a state in John Gardiner was the chief clerk of the General Land Office and composed a handful of maps of available western lands during the 1810s. This map shows a wide swath of territory available in Illinois between the Illinois and Mississippi rivers. The lands are neatly divided into squares, with Ranges East and Ranges

51 West on either side of a north-south Principal Meridian line, and with an eastwest dividing Base Line passing through the center of the territory. Lake Peoria is called Lake Peoire and the creek flowing into the Illinois River at the lower end of the lake is called Kickaboo or Red Bud Cr. The attractive map was drawn by C. Schwarz of Washington, D.C., though the identity of the firm that actually engraved the map is unknown. The map can be dated to 1817 based on a letter from Gardiner to James Madison dated Oct. 29, 1817, sending him a copy of the map which I have engraved for the use of soldiers of the late Army. This appears to be the first issue of the map, without the printed townships maps often found in the lower left corner. This map is also often found with a few words or lines of manuscript text describing particular areas, and bearing the signature of John Gardiner. The present example does not bear Gardiner s signature, nor any additional lines of text, but it does bear a faint outline of the continued southward courses of the Mississippi and Missouri rivers, with a manuscript note showing the location of St. Louis and a small grouping of nine squares showing the town, and another ink manuscript note reading: Missouri R. This is the first map that Phillips lists under Illinois, and it is perhaps the first map showing a considerable part of Illinois with Illinois in the title Streeter.

52 An early and important map of Illinois, and of American efforts to push westward into unsettled territories. PHILLIPS, MAPS, p.326. STREETER SALE KARROW, CHECKLIST OF PRINTED MAPS OF THE MIDDLE WEST TO 1900 (ILLINOIS), p.290. AMERICAN IMPRINTS (1812) GRAFF $9500. Land Sales in Georgia 66. [Georgia]: STATE OF FACTS. SHEWING THE RIGHT OF CER- TAIN COMPANIES TO THE LANDS LATELY PURCHASED BY THEM FROM THE STATE OF GEORGIA. [Hartford] pp. Gathered signatures, stitched as issued. Lightly tanned, some staining to the titlepage and the upper outer corner of the final four leaves. Two small holes in final leaf, not affecting text. Very good. Untrimmed and unopened. One of the pamphlets relating to the Yazoo Claims problem. The controversy was a result of the granting of lands by the state of Georgia in the area of present-day Alabama and Mississippi, touching on the course of the Yazoo River. This pamphlet was issued by the Georgia Mississippi Company to defend their rights to the lands they were offering for sale in Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi. The lands were granted to the Company by the Georgia legislature after extensive bribes changed hands, and the case quickly became a major scandal. Georgia rescinded the grant the following year, although the case dragged on in court until According to Everitt Wilkie, this was printed in Hartford, not Philadelphia as stated in Evans. HOWES G126, aa. EVANS STREETER SALE DE RENNE I, p.270. VAIL COHEN SABIN DAH V, p.503. REESE, FEDERAL HUN- DRED 51. $750. Pioneering Assessment of Black Literature 67. Grégoire, Henri: AN ENQUIRY CONCERNING THE INTEL- LECTUAL AND MORAL FACULTIES, AND LITERATURE OF NEGROES; FOLLOWED WITH AN ACCOUNT OF THE LIFE AND WORKS OF FIFTEEN NEGROES & MULATTOES, DIS- TINGUISHED IN SCIENCE, LITERATURE AND THE ARTS. Brooklyn: Printed by Thomas Kirk, [2],253,[2]pp. Modern half calf and marbled boards, leather label. Minor toning, faint ink stamp and small paper flaw on titlepage, a few 19th-century library stamps. Very good. An important and very scarce early history of African-American literature and arts. First printed in Paris in 1808, this is the first and apparently only English translation. Abbé Henri Grégoire ( ), a former bishop of Blois in France, was a prominent abolitionist, humanist and teacher of Alexander Dumas. The present work, which established Grégoire s reputation, strikes at the hypocrisy of contemporaries such as Thomas Jefferson in their assessments of the talents of

53 African-Americans. The author cites examples of gifted black writers and artists, including Benjamin Banneker, Phillis Wheatley, and Francis Williams. Chapters are devoted to the high moral qualities of African-Americans, and talents in the trades and arts, especially literature. This now scarce volume set the standards by which most biographical and historical works on gifted blacks were written during the following decades. Grégoire s book was an important and authoritative contribution to Afro-American historicity Blockson. SHAW & SHOEMAKER BLOCKSON 18. $2250. Pioneering American Lithographs 68. Guillet, Peter: TIMBER MERCHANT S GUIDE. ALSO, A TA- BLE, WHEREBY, AT ONE VIEW, MAY BE SEEN SOLID AND SUPERFICIAL MEASURE OF ANY SQUARE OR UNEQUAL HEWED LOGS OF PLANK...ALSO, PLATES REPRESENTING THE FIGURES OF THE PRINCIPAL PIECES OF TIMBER, USED IN BUILDING A SEVENTY-FOUR GUN SHIP OF THE LINE, IN STANDING TREES. Baltimore: Published by James Lovegrove..., pp. of text plus [45] leaves containing tables, and thirty color lithographic plates. Contemporary tree calf, rebacked in matching style, spine gilt, gilt morocco label. Old ownership inscription excised from top of titlepage, not affecting text. Occasional foxing, mostly in margins of early text leaves. Slight offsetting from plates. Very good. A remarkable and important book, illustrated with thirty handcolored lithographic plates, each of which illustrates the method of extracting various portions of lumber for use in building a ship. This is the third book printed in America to be illustrated with lithographs, preceded only by J.E. Smith s Grammar of Botany and a children s book. The plates were produced by Henry Stone, one of the earliest and most elusive of all the lithographers (Peters) and the first lithographer to practice in Baltimore. The author begins the book with an impassioned plea for conserving forest resources. PETERS, AMERICA ON STONE, p.376. RINK AMERICAN IMPRINTS $4000.

54 The First French Edition of The Federalist 69. Hamilton, Alexander; James Madison; and John Jay: LE FÉDÉRAL- ISTE, OU COLLECTION DE QUELQUES ÉCRITS EN FAVEUR DE LA CONSTITUTION PROPOSÉE AUX ÉTATS-UNIS DE L AMÉRIQUE, PAR LA CONVENTION CONVOQUÉE EN Paris: Chez Buisson, Two volumes. [5],xxii-lii,366; [4],511pp. Half titles. Contemporary French half calf, modestly gilt, salmon-colored boards with vellum corners. A lovely, uncut copy. First French edition, variant issue, of this classic of American political theory. This is also the first edition to identify the otherwise anonymous authors, Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay. Another French edition, with a long introduction by M. Trudaine de la Sablière, the French translator, was also published by Buisson in 1792, and its omission explains the pagination in the present item. The present variant retains the original titlepage, with John Jay s name misspelled as Gay, and uses the same sheets from the other 1792 printing. This French translation was the first to appear after the original first printing of 1788, in accord with the definite sympathies which existed between the two countries. HOWES H114, aa. SABIN FORD 18. GROLIER AMERICAN 100, 19. PRINTING AND THE MIND OF MAN 234. $ Hamilton, Alexander: LETTER FROM ALEXANDER HAMIL- TON, CONCERNING THE PUBLIC CONDUCT AND CHAR- ACTER OF JOHN ADAMS, ESQ. PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. Philadelphia: Re-printed pro bono publico, pp. Modern quarter calf and boards, gilt leather label. Minor toning. Very good plus. Untrimmed and unopened. Philadelphia edition, printed for the public good, following the first edition of the same year printed in New York. The great betrayal, which may have cost Adams the election of Hamilton originally issued this work with the hope of giving Charles Cotesworth Pinckney a majority over Adams. Hamilton writes of Adams:...He does not possess the talents adapted to the administration of this Government, and that there are great and intrinsic defects in his character which unfit him for the office of Chief Magistrate. This and Adams reply are probably the plainest talk ever indulged in, in print, between two great statesmen. It received many answers, from both Republicans and Federalists

55 Ford. This edition was printed by William Duane, publisher of the pro-republican newspaper, the Aurora. Very popular in its time, Hamilton s work was reprinted four times during the 1800 election. EVANS ESTC W HOWES H116. FORD 73. SABIN REESE, FEDERAL HUNDRED 81. $3000. The Magna Carta of industrial America Howes 71. [Hamilton, Alexander]: REPORT OF THE SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY, ON THE SUBJECT OF MANUFACTURES, MADE THE FIFTH OF DECEMBER, Washington: R.C. Weightman, pp. Modern red leather, tooled in gilt. Light toning and foxing. Very good. The second American edition of Hamilton s famed report on manufactures, one of his most important State Papers. Howes calls it the Magna Carta of industrial America. In this report Hamilton first set down in a formal way the economic principles by which he expected to see the new nation expand its manufacturing base. As the successive reports of the Secretary were studied, the scale of his ideas gradually became evident. He was not merely planning a fiscal system, but doing it in such a way as to strengthen the central government and develop the resources of the country, to stimulate trade and capitalistic enterprises, and to bring about a more symmetrical balance between agriculture and industry DAB. Hamilton s report can now be seen as the genesis of American manufacturing might. Rare. This edition is not in Goldsmiths or Kress. The first edition of 1790 is a legendary rarity in the marketplace, and the last copy to appear for sale realized more than $250,000. A foundational piece of Americana. SHAW & SHOEMAKER FORD 204. HOWES H123. REESE, FEDERAL HUNDRED 38 (ref ). $12,500. The Federalist Corrected by Madison 72. Hamilton, Alexander, Madison, James, Jay, John: THE FEDERAL- IST, ON THE NEW CONSTITUTION, WRITTEN IN THE YEAR 1788, BY ALEXANDER HAMILTON, JAMES MADISON AND JOHN JAY, WITH AN APPENDIX...A NEW EDITION, WITH

56 A TABLE OF CONTENTS, AND A COPIOUS ALPHABETICAL INDEX... Washington: Thompson & Homans, vii,[1],[3]-420pp. 12mo. Modern blue cloth, spine gilt. Unobtrusive personal blindstamp on front flyleaf; contemporary signature on titlepage. Heavy foxing. Good. Untrimmed, partially unopened. An important later edition of this most famous and influential American political work, notable for its textual alterations made by Madison in the numbers written by him, and incorporating earlier alterations made by Hamilton and Jay. This is the first collected edition of The Federalist to contain an index, prepared by U.S. District Attorney Philip R. Fendall II. HOWES H114. SABIN FORD, BIBLIOTECA HAMILTONIANA 29. REESE, FEDERAL HUNDRED 19 (ref ). $850. The Hartford Convention: The North Threatens Secession 73. [Hartford Convention]: CONNECTICUT COURANT, EXTRA. JANUARY 6, THE PROCEEDINGS OF A CONVENTION OF DELEGATES FROM THE STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS, CONNECTICUT, AND RHODE-ISLAND; THE COUNTIES OF CHESHIRE AND GRAFTON IN THE STATE OF NEW-HAMP- SHIRE; AND THE COUNTY OF WINDHAM, IN THE STATE OF VERMONT [caption title]. Hartford. Jan. 6, [3]pp. Folio. Previously folded. Some wear and minor loss along old folds, with a few tissue repairs, slightly affecting text. Four-inch tear from upper fore-edge of second leaf. Light dust soiling and foxing. Good. Untrimmed. A rare report of the proceedings and resolutions of the Hartford Convention, together with a number of tables containing relevant statistical evidence, printed by a local Hartford newspaper, the Connecticut Courant. The Convention comprised a series of secret meetings held by New England Federalists in December 1814 to discuss their common grievances against the federal government, to demand several constitutional amendments to redress

57 what they considered to be an imbalance of power among regions, and for some delegates to call for secession. As the convention formally ended on Jan. 5, 1815, this supplement to the Courant, published the following day on Jan. 6, is undoubtedly the earliest printed account of the completed proceedings. Only one copy located by OCLC, at the Connecticut History Society. $2250. The Rarest of His Works 74. [Haywood, John]: THE CHRISTIAN ADVOCATE. By a Tennesseean. Nashville: Printed and sold by Thomas G. Bradford, ,[339]- 357pp. plus folding table. Lacks half of folding table. Contemporary drab boards with calf spine. Boards worn. First few leaves heavily marked by early owners. Light to moderate foxing and soiling. Good. Untrimmed and in original, unsophisticated condition. In a half morocco box. The author, not shown on the title page, was Judge John Haywood. The Christian Advocate is the rarest of Haywood s three well-known historical works. This book, title notwithstanding, is often called the first edition of his Natural and Aboriginal History of Tennessee. Much of the material which appears in the later work was contained in the earlier Christian Advocate, and must be considered therefore as the earliest work printed within the state relative to the aboriginal history of the area. Copies of the Christian Advocate are virtually never offered for sale, and when they infrequently appear the price is justifiably considerable for this Tennessee Rarity, which has to date never been reprinted Allen, Tennessee Rarities....Devoted largely to a study of Indian antiquities, attempts to prove that American Indians were of Caucasian descent...the rarest of Haywood s books Siebert Sale. The Siebert copy, which is the last copy to appear in auction records, sold for $9200 at his sale in ALLEN 393. HOWES H357, aa. HORN, TWENTY TENNESSEE BOOKS 3. ALLEN, TENNESSEANS 471. ALLEN, TENNESSEE RARITIES 23. McMURTRIE (TENNESSEE) 166. SIEBERT SALE 364. $15,000. From The Hudson River Portfolio 75. Hill, John [engraver], and William Guy Wall: HUDSON. No. 13 OF The Hudson River Port Folio. New York: Henry J. Megarey, [1822]. Aquatint, colored by hand, by John Hill, after W.G. Wall. Sheet size: 18¼ x 24½ inches. Very good. See the front cover of this catalogue for a larger illustration. A superb example of one of the greatest and earliest works devoted to the American landscape. Rare first state of a lovely image from The Hudson River Portfolio. At the time William Wall made his watercolor drawing of Hudson, it was a port on the great conduit bringing goods and produce from the Midwest via the Erie Canal and Hudson River to New York City. The view, which is from across

58 the river at Athens, shows fishermen in the foreground pulling in their nets, and several boats on the river. The city of Hudson is seen rising diagonally to the right, a handsome town whose prosperity derives from the life on the river. The Hudson River Portfolio, a series of twenty views...celebrates the beauty of the Hudson and its surroundings. It is amongst the finest collections of New York State views ever published...the aquatints show us the region of the Hudson s headwaters, the rapids it creates on its journey downstream, the bridges it makes imperative overhead, the trade that its navigability spawns, and, most of all, the ennobling topographic settings through which it passes. In the final view, New York from Governor s Island, we see the Hudson at the end of its journey, where it joins the East River in New York Bay...William Guy Wall...was a native of Dublin who came to America in Beginning in 1826, he exhibited frequently at the National Academy of Design...[He was skilful with atmospheric perspective in his landscapes, and he created almost spiritual effects with light, at a time when viewers were used to literal depictions. Between 1828 and 1835 he remained in America, but then returned to Dublin for twenty years. He came back to America for four years between 1856 and 1860, before again returning to Ireland where he lived for the remaining four years of his life] Wall frequently worked in tandem with John Hill, whose emigration from England predated that of Wall by two years...according to Koke, the artistic achievement for which Hill is best known...was the Hudson River Portfolio, a landscape series closely akin to the Picturesque Views of American Scenery recently finished for the Careys (John Hill Master of Aquatint, p.86)...hill, an aquatintist virtually without peer in America, was called in to fill

59 the place vacated by John Rubens Smith, who dissociated himself from the Portfolio before he finished engraving the four plates of the first number...hill belonged to a small group of English-trained engravers who raised the level of American print-making to an extraordinary degree Deák (pp ). This is the first state of the print, without the addition of the Carvill imprint. DEÁK, PICTURING AMERICA 320. KOKE, CHECKLIST OF THE AMERICAN ENGRAVINGS OF JOHN HILL 91. $ [Hitchcock, Alpheus]: THE TRIAL OF ALPHEUS HITCHCOCK, BEFORE THE HON. WILLIAM W. VAN NESS, ESQ., FOR THE MURDER OF HIS WIFE, BY POISON... Utica, N.Y ,[1]pp. Early 20th-century buckram, gilt leather label. Cloth somewhat dust soiled, label slightly chipped. Paper shelf label on spine, institutional blind and ink stamps and ownership inscription on titlepage. A scarce trial account of an early 19th-century case of spousal murder by poison in upstate New York. Hitchcock put his motive quite succinctly when he said: I thought I could live more agreeably with some other woman than my wife. Poor Belinda got the arsenic and Alpheus was condemned McDade. Only six copies recorded by OCLC. A quite early upper New York State imprint. McDADE 477. SHAW & SHOEMAKER $850. Hanging a Slave Owner and Murderer 77. [Hodge, Arthur]: A REPORT OF THE TRIAL OF ARTHUR HODGE, ESQUIRE, (LATE ONE OF THE MEMBERS OF HIS MAJESTY S COUNCIL FOR THE VIRGIN-ISLANDS) AT THE ISLAND OF TORTOLA, ON THE 25th APRIL, 1811, AND AD- JOURNED TO THE 29th OF THE SAME MONTH; FOR THE MURDER OF HIS NEGRO MAN SLAVE NAMED PROSPER. Middletown [Ct.]: Printed by Tertius Dunning, [2],186pp. 12mo. 20thcentury red buckram, black titles. Faint institutional ink stamp on titlepage, embossed blindstamp to first three leaves, minor foxing and toning. Good plus. First American edition of the report of the groundbreaking trial of West Indian plantation owner Arthur Hodge for the murder of one of his slaves, after the London edition of Hodge, a prominent planter on Tortola in the British Virgin Islands, was notorious on the island for the extreme brutality with which he treated his slaves. Between 1803 and 1811, the number of blacks on his estate diminished from 140 to thirty-five, a fact that neighbors reasonably attributed to Hodge s cruelties, which were known to include savage floggings, the forcing of boiling water down women s throats, and the dipping and resultant flaying alive of a child in a cauldron of scalding water. In 1811 the colonial court finally intervened, arresting Hodge for the 1807 murder of his slave, Prosper, whose punishment for allegedly stealing a mango from one of Hodge s trees consisted of a two-day cart-whipping

60 that left no black skin upon him remaining from his hips to his hands (p.10) and finally resulted in his death. The prosecution s key witnesses included Stephen M Keough, a former overseer of the plantation, and, most notably, Pereen Georges, a free black woman who had lived intermittently on Hodge s estate. The defense s main strategy of discrediting the witnesses easily failed, and Hodge was found guilty, sentenced to death, and hanged on May 8, The report, certified and submitted by Richard Hetherington, the president of the Virgin Islands and president of the Court for the trial, consists primarily of the transcription of the depositions and the trial as taken by A.M. Belisario, a member of the grand jury on Hodge s indictment. An important record of unusual jurisprudence in the waning days of slavery in the British Empire. Shaw & Shoemaker and OCLC together locate just ten copies. Scarce. SABIN 4425, SHAW & SHOEMAKER FINKELMAN 290. DNB IX, p.952. $1350. Harvest Home : The First Edition of The Long Lost Friend 78. Hohman, Johann Georg: DER LANGE VERBORGENE FREUND, ODER: GETREUER UND CHRISTLICHER UNTERRICHT FÜR JEDERMANN, ENTHALTENDL WUNDERBARE UND KÜN- STE, SOWOHL FÜR DIE MENSCHEN ALS DAS VIEH... Reading, Pa.: Gedruckt für den Verfasser, pp. Contemporary half calf and patterned boards. Boards and corners worn; spine rubbed, ends lightly chipped. Moderately foxed, some light staining. Very good. A legendary work of Pennsylvania German folk magic and remedies, in its exceedingly rare first edition. This publication (probably based on earlier works of folk magic in the European tradition such as the various works attributed to Albertus Magnus), was reprinted many times and became closely associated with the Pennsylvania Dutch magic tradition known as Braucherei. Often referred to as the pow-wow book in translation (indeed, still in print today), it is a work of broad appeal, as so many of the spells, recipes, and remedies are universally applicable to rural concerns, especially those pertaining to both human and animal health.

61 The supposedly occult powers of the book figure in works of fiction as well. Not surprisingly, this first edition appears rarely, for all editions saw heavy use. Three copies located in OCLC; of these, only one copy is in North America, at the American Antiquarian Society. This is the first copy we have ever handled of this book, although we have hoped to have one since we first learned of it forty years ago. AUSTIN 922. SHOEMAKER BÖTTE & TANNHOF $6000. A Charleston Lawyer Argues for Slavery 79. [Holland, Edwin Clifford]: A REFUTATION OF THE CALUM- NIES CIRCULATED AGAINST THE SOUTHERN & WESTERN STATES, RESPECTING THE INSTITUTION AND EXISTENCE OF SLAVERY AMONG THEM. TO WHICH IS ADDED, A MIN- UTE AND PARTICULAR ACCOUNT OF THE ACTUAL STATE AND CONDITION OF THEIR NEGRO POPULATION. Charleston: Printed by A.E. Miller, ,[2, errata]pp. 20th-century half morocco and cloth, gilt, by Sangorski & Sutcliffe. Modern bookplate on rear pastedown, text tanned and a bit foxed, with a few instances of marginal bracketing in pencil. Overall, a very good copy. Edwin Clifford Holland ( ) was a lawyer, poet, essayist, and noted editor of the Charleston Times. He gained some measure of fame for his collection, Odes, Naval Songs, and Other Occasional Poems... which contains his patriotic poem, The Pillar of Glory. In the present work Holland argues for the continuation of slavery in the American South, writing that if taken away, it will become the solemn and imperious duty of the slaveholding states, to resist. The Union to the latter, is not worth preserving, if they are to fall victims to such a policy... HOWES H588, aa. SABIN ROSENBACH 8:1145. $6500. Early American Humor Collection 80. [Humor]: THE CABINET OF MOMUS; A CHOICE SELECTION OF HUMOROUS POEMS... Philadelphia: Published by Mathew Carey, viii,136pp. plus six engraved plates. 12mo. Original plain paper boards.

62 Boards rubbed and edgeworn, spine rubbed and chipped. Tanned, some foxing. Two early plates and three early text leaves stained. Good. Prints humorous works by Pindar, Freneau, Ladd, Swift, Dibdin, Pitt, and others. One of the earliest printed collections of American humor, and scarce. SHAW & SHOEMAKER $ [Hymnal]: THE COLLECTION OF PSALM AND HYMN TUNES SUNG AT THE CHAPEL OF THE LOCK HOSPITAL. Boston. [1809]. 198,[2]pp. Oblong folio. Contemporary three-quarter calf and paper boards. Extremities and boards worn. Lightly foxed. A good, solid copy. First American edition of this important collection, comprised primarily of music, with 127 compositions. This work, customarily called the Lock Hospital Collection, was first published in London in 1769, signed by Martin Madan as compiler. The enlarged London edition of 1792 is the model for this American edition Sacred Music. Madan was trained as a lawyer, and was a cousin of the poet William Cowper. He attended a sermon of John Wesley for the purpose of doing a caricature of the famous preacher, but was converted instead, and became the chaplain of Lock Hospital, an institution for the restoration of unhappy females. This collection became the basis for many hymn collections of the late 18th and early 19th centuries. A nice early American musical work. SHAW & SHOEMAKER SACRED MUSIC 156. $ The first original non-scholarly American book. 82. [Irving, Washington]: A HISTORY OF NEW YORK, FROM THE BEGINNING OF THE WORLD TO THE END OF THE DUTCH DYNASTY...By Diedrich Knickerbocker. New York [&c.]: Published by Inskeep & Bradford [et al], Two volumes. xxiii,268; [2],258pp., plus folding engraved frontis. Contemporary tree calf, gilt morocco labels, with modern red cloth wrappers. Neatly rebacked, with original spines laid down. Bookplates on front pastedowns, contemporary ownership inscriptions on front

63 pastedown of volume one and titlepage of volume two. Moderate foxing and tanning. Good plus. In a red cloth slipcase. First edition of Irving s first independent literary work, published in an edition reported to have consisted of only 2000 copies. Irving initially undertook to write this work as a satire of Mitchell s pretentious A Picture of New York, but upon completion, he had accomplished nothing less than the first original non-scholarly American book (Grolier American Hundred), far more a comic history than any semblance of a literal history. The frontispiece is a folding panorama of New Amsterdam (Now New-York). GROLIER AMERICAN 100, 28. BAL LANGFELD & BLACKBURN, pp $5500. Not Quite The Federalist, but Still Favors the Constitution 83. [ Jackson, Jonathan]: THOUGHTS UPON THE POLITICAL SITU- ATION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, IN WHICH THAT OF MASSACHUSETTS IS MORE PARTICULARLY CON- SIDERED. WITH SOME OBSERVATIONS ON THE CONSTI- TUTION FOR A FEDERAL GOVERNMENT. ADDRESSED TO THE PEOPLE OF THE UNION. By a Native of Boston. Worcester: Isaiah Thomas, pp. Antique-style half calf and marbled boards, leather label. Some foxing, most severe on titlepage. Very good. An important argument in favor of adopting the Constitution. Jackson arrives in a most leisurely manner at his conclusion that the Constitution should be ratified...he condemns opulence and drunkenness as unbecoming to a republic, and warns the country to be on guard against European influence in either politics or fashion Streeter. Jackson ( ) was a Harvard graduate, member of Congress, state senator, and in 1789 was made a United States marshal. His arguments are a classic example of a New England Federalist. Goodspeed s paid $80 for the Streeter copy in HOWES J23. EVANS ESTC W COHEN SABIN STREET- ER SALE REESE, FEDERAL HUNDRED 18, note. $4000. The First Pictures of the Great Plains 84. James, Edwin: ACCOUNT OF AN EXPEDITION FROM PITTS- BURGH TO THE ROCKY MOUNTAINS, PERFORMED IN THE YEARS 1819, AND 20 UNDER THE COMMAND OF MAJOR STEPHEN H. LONG. Philadelphia: H.C. Carey & Lea, Two octavo text volumes plus quarto atlas volume. Half titles. Atlas: eleven engraved plates and maps (two double-page maps after S.H. Long by Young & Delleker; double-page plate of geological cross-sections; eight plates [one

64 handcolored] after S. Seymour [6], T.R. Peale [1], and one unassigned; engraved by C.G. Childs [2], Lawson [1], F. Kearney [2], W. Hay [1], Young & Delleker [1]). Text: Expertly bound to style in full tree calf, gilt, spines gilt, marbled endpapers. Atlas: Expertly bound to style in half tree calf and period marbled boards, spine uniform to that of the text. Very good. Edwin James was the botanist, geologist, and surgeon for this important government expedition, initially named the Yellowstone Expedition. Led by Maj. Stephen Long, the expedition added significantly to the earlier discoveries of Lewis and Clark and Zebulon Pike. In addition to his duties on the expedition, James subsequently served as the editor and compiler of this text, relying upon his own records, the brief geological notes of Major Long, and the early journals of Thomas Say [who served as the expedition s naturalist] (Wagner-Camp). Appendices to the text comprise astronomical and meteorological tables and Indian vocabularies. In addition to Long, James, and Say, the expedition included Titian Peale as draughtsman and assistant naturalist, and Samuel Seymour as landscape artist. The published plates depict Oto Indians, views of the Plains, and buffalo. Major Long was the principal proponent of government-sponsored exploration of the West following the War of He travelled farther than Pike or Lewis and Clark, and blazed trails that were subsequently followed by Fremont, Powell, and others. The expedition travelled up the Missouri and then followed the River Platte to its source in the Rocky Mountains before moving south to Upper Arkansas. From there the plan was to find the source of the Red River, but when this was not found, the Canadian River was explored instead. Cartographically the atlas contains the first maps to provide detail of the Central Plains. Upon returning to Washington from the expedition, Long drafted a

65 large manuscript map of the West (now in the National Archives), and the printed maps in James Account closely followed. The Western Section map is particularly interesting, as it is here that the myth of the Great American Desert was founded, a myth which endured for decades. The designation Great American Desert appears east of the single range of the Rocky Mountains, together with a two-line note: The Great American Desert is frequented by roving bands of Indians who have no fixed places of residence but roam from place to place in quest of game. Long s map, along with that of Lewis and Clark, were the progenitors of an entire class of maps of the American Transmississippi West (Wheat). BRADFORD GRAFF HOWES J41, b. PILLING, PROOF-SHEETS SABIN STREETER SALE WAGNER-CAMP 25:1. WHEAT TRANS- MISSISSIPPI 353; II, p.80. AMERICAN IMPRINTS REESE, BEST OF THE WEST 49. $20, Janson, Charles William: THE STRANGER IN AMERICA. London ,499,[7]pp. plus engraved title, nine tinted plates, and a plan of Philadelphia. Quarto. 20th-century three-quarter morocco and marbled boards, gilt, t.e.g. Corners bumped, extremities rubbed. A few leaves with some light, even toning, some offsetting from plates. Internally clean. Very good. Janson lived in America from 1793 to 1805 and did not like what he saw, or at least felt that the rise of Jeffersonian democracy was guided by the devil. Clark sums up the book well: Janson draws a picture of unrelieved black, but one worthy of attention because of the length of his stay and the breadth of his interests. He covers an astonishing variety of subjects in a loose topical arrangement... A petulant view of U.S. life Howes. In fact, the man s ill temper is quite amusing. He lived for some time in Rhode Island, where he failed in business, and travelled in the South, equally hating Virginia, South Carolina, and Georgia, where he was defrauded in the Yazoo land scheme. The handsomely produced book contains nine tinted plates

66 depicting six scenes in Philadelphia, one of Mount Vernon, and one each in Boston and New York. The view on the engraved titlepage is the earliest known published image of the White House. Little known is the fact that the appendix to the book contains, on pages , what appears to be the first British printing of Thomas Jefferson s December 1806 message announcing the completion of the Lewis and Clark expedition, as well as other western explorations. This should seem to qualify it for inclusion in Wagner-Camp, though it is not listed in that bibliography. HOWES J59. CLARK II:99. SABIN REESE, FEDERAL HUNDRED 100. $1500. Diplomatic Correspondence Between Britain and America 86. Jefferson, Thomas: Hammond, George: AUTHENTIC COPIES OF THE CORRESPONDENCE OF THOMAS JEFFERSON, ESQ. SECRETARY OF STATE TO THE UNITED STATES OF AMER- ICA, AND GEORGE HAMMOND, ESQ. MINISTER PLENIPO- TENTIARY OF GREAT-BRITAIN, ON THE NON-EXECUTION OF EXISTING TREATIES, THE DELIVERING THE FRONTIER POSTS, AND ON THE PROPRIETY OF A COMMERCIAL IN- TERCOURSE BETWEEN GREAT-BRITAIN AND THE UNITED STATES. Part II. London [2],89,[4],[2],11,59pp. Contemporary three-quarter calf and marbled paper boards, gilt morocco label. Extremities worn. Bookplate removed from front pastedown, small ink stamp on titlepage, minor toning and old faint stain on titlepage. Overall very good. A rare and important collection of political correspondence between Thomas Jefferson and British Ambassador George Hammond. The first part includes transcriptions of letters back and forth between Jefferson and Hammond, and some other correspondence, including a few letters from Guy Carleton and others to George Washington. Of particular interest are two letters, the first from Hammond to Jefferson, covering over sixteen pages of printed text, and the second from Jefferson, totaling an astounding fifty pages of printed text, in which Hammond enumerates the treaty infractions of the American government, with Jefferson providing a categorical refutation of each of Hammond s grievances. Jefferson makes the extra effort of summarizing in the final six pages of his letter the assertions he made in the previous forty-four pages. Part II is largely composed of correspondence from a large array of notable early American figures to British figures, including Benjamin Franklin, Alexander Hamilton, George Clinton, Samuel Huntington, Friedrich von Steuben, and more. During the time this work was printed, Hamilton and Jay were busy negotiating a treaty with Great Britain, which they would consummate in November This treaty would become known as the Jay Treaty, named after the chief negotiator of the document. Jefferson was very unhappy with this particular agreement, as he felt it greatly favored Great Britain s interests over those of France. Despite Jef-

67 ferson s misgivings about the Jay Treaty, the agreement helped maintain the peace through the last decade of the 18th century and into the next century at a hostile time in European politics. Sabin quotes the Monthly Review s appraisal of the present work: These papers comprehend everything necessary to afford complete information with respect to the grounds of the disputes which arose between Great Britain and the United States. SABIN ESTC T $4000. Only American Edition to Contain a Map 87. Jefferson, Thomas: NOTES ON THE STATE OF VIRGINIA. Philadelphia: Printed for Mathew Carey, [4],336pp. plus folding table and folding map. Modern three-quarter calf and marbled boards, spine gilt, leather label. 19th-century ownership inscription on front pastedown. Folding map tipped on new stub, repaired at gutter margin with tape. 19th-century ownership inscription on titlepage, minor toning and foxing. Very good. The rare thick paper issue of the second American edition of Jefferson s famous work, and the first American edition to contain a map. This is the only booklength work by Jefferson to be published in his lifetime, and has been called one of America s first permanent literary and intellectual landmarks. It was largely written in 1781 and first published in Paris, in French, in 1785, then published in English in London in Written in the form of answers to questions about Virginia, the book supplies a description of the geography, with an abundance of supporting material and unusual information. As J.M. Edelstein notes: Jefferson wrote about things which interested him deeply and about which he knew a great deal; the Notes, therefore, throws a fascinating light on his tastes, curiosities, and political and social opinions. The map which accompanies this edition was executed by Samuel Lewis and depicts Virginia in considerable detail. The story of the creation of this book and its publishing history is an interesting one. It is told fully by Millicent Sowerby in her catalogue of Jefferson s library, where it occupies some thirty pages in small type. This edition includes appendices containing Charles Thomson s notes on Jefferson s original text, his Draught of a Fundamental Constitution for the Commonwealth of Virginia and An Act for Establishing Religious Freedom. The table describes Indian tribes of Virginia. HOWES J78. SABIN CLARK I:262. SOWERBY, JEFFERSON S LIBRARY ADAMS, THE EYE OF THOMAS JEFFERSON 57. EVANS REESE, FEDERAL HUNDRED 6 (ref ). $8500. A New Song, Jefferson and Liberty, Published by the First Antiquarian Bookseller in the U.S. 88. [ Jefferson, Thomas]: [Early American Sheet Music]: [A BOUND COLLECTION OF TWENTY EARLY 19th-CENTURY AMERI- CAN MUSIC SHEETS]. [Mainly New York, Philadelphia, & Boston. ca.

68 ]. [38]pp. Folio. Modern backstrip over contemporary marbled boards, label and endpapers renewed. Corners worn, boards rubbed. Minor foxing and toning, some dampstaining. The second page of The Moment is Sad is lacking, otherwise complete. Good. A wonderful collection of early American sheet music, mostly American imprints, most printed on two pages. The printers of these early sheets include some of the most notable names of the period, such as Hewitt, Graupner, Blake, and Paff. Dichter & Shapiro, in the Introduction to their Early American Sheet Music, include these four publishers in a list of names they deem eminently worth while. The highlights of the songs within the book are as follows: 1) Fortune, Michael: Jefferson & Liberty. A New Song. To the Air of Jefferson s March. Philadelphia First edition. The most notable music sheet in this collection. Fortune, an Irish immigrant, wrote the song to commemorate Jefferson s election and sent Jefferson a copy of the song. The music was published by the first American antiquarian bookseller, N.G. Dufief, who at the time he published this was trying to sell Jefferson Benjamin Franklin s library for the Library of Congress. For whatever reasons (jealousy? self-interest?) Jefferson turned him down, and Dufief auctioned it in Perhaps Dufief hoped to advance his sale by sponsoring this publication. Very rare, with only one copy listed in OCLC, at Oxford University. WOLFE SHAW & SHOEMAKER ) The Downfall of Paris. Boston. [1806]. First state, with no page number. One printed page of music, with no lyrics. WOLFE ) The Battle of the Nile: A Favorite Patriotic Song. Philadelphia. [ca. 1804]. First printing by this publisher. A paean to Nelson s victory over Napoleon in Egypt. WOLFE ) Mozart: Away with Melancholy. New York. [ca. 1795]. An early printing of this song, an excerpt from The Magic Flute. SONNECK & UPTON, p.35. 5) Briggs, Edward Smith: A Hindustani Girls Song. Tis thy will and I must leave thee. New York. [ca. 1800]. Soon a british fair will charm thee, thou, alas! Her smiles must woo / but tho she to rapture warm thee, don t forget thy poor Hin-doo. SONNECK & UPTON, p ) [Gaveaux, Pierre]: La Pipe de Tabac. A Favorite French Song. New York. [ca. 1800]. Not in Wolfe. SONNECK & UPTON, p.332.

69 7) [Gaveaux, Pierre]: The Dish of Tea or Ladies Answer to the Pipe Tabac. [New York. 1802]. WOLFE SONNECK & UPTON, p.110. $4000. A Superb Jefferson Letter about the Murder of Logan 89. Jefferson, Thomas: [AUTOGRAPH LETTER, SIGNED, FROM THOMAS JEFFERSON TO HARRY INNES, REGARDING CAP- TAIN JOHN LOGAN AND THE YELLOW CREEK MASSACRE]. Monticello. June 20, [2]pp. Quarto sheet, with integral address leaf detached. Old fold lines, lightly soiled. Address leaf with some minor loss from wax seal, backed with linen paper. Very good. Jefferson writes as Vice President to Judge Harry Innes of Kentucky to gather information about the Mingo Indian leader Captain John Logan and the murder of his family by whites at the Yellow Creek Massacre: I am very desirous to collect all the information I can relative to the murder of Logan s family, who were the perpetrators, & how far Cresap had counselled or ordered it... At issue is Jefferson s portrayal of the massacre of Logan s family and Logan s eloquent response in the first edition of Jefferson s Notes on the State of Virginia. In 1797, Jefferson s account was questioned by Maryland Attorney General Luther Martin, Michael Cresap s son-in-law, who thought Jefferson incorrectly blamed Cresap for the murders and furthermore fabricated Logan s speech. Jefferson thought the attack politically motivated Martin was a Federalist but went about gathering evidence to bolster his account of events for a revised edition of the Notes:...I mean to prepare a correct statement of the facts respecting the murder of Logan s family, to be inserted

70 by way of amendment into the text of the Notes on Virginia. This I hope to be able to publish next winter when in Philadelphia... Harry Innes ( ), the first federal judge in Kentucky, was in possession of a note that Jefferson believed authenticated his account of events. Of the authenticity of Logan s speech I have the evidence of General Gibson who received it from Logan s hand, delivered it to Lord Dunmore & translated it. The speech proves that Logan considered Colo. Cresap as the murderer; and nothing can prove more authentically than the copy of the note you have been so kind as to send me... Innes letter of March 2, 1799, provided further first-hand details of the events surrounding the massacre, which Innes had compiled over time, corroborating Jefferson s account. The 1800 edition of Notes on the State of Virginia did correct some small matters of fact, though the general narrative of the Yellow Creek Massacre and the assignment of blame to Cresap remained, as did the text of Logan s speech, printed in the Appendix. An exact duplicate of the present letter is held by the Library of Congress, this copy being the actual transmittal copy sent to Innes, together with the original address leaf. The letter comes from the collection of Thomas F. Bayard, Jr. ( ), who was given the letter, along with a handwritten receipt by Patrick Henry, by Capt. Chapman C. Todd, Sr. ( ), then the Commander of the U.S.S. Wilmington, at Bayard s home in Wilmington, Delaware. A handwritten note in Bayard s hand, describing the gift and dated Nov. 25, 1897, is included. Captain Todd s great-grandfather Thomas Todd ( ) was appointed by Thomas Jefferson as Supreme Court Justice after Todd served in the Revolutionary War. The Todds hailed from Kentucky, where they would have known Innes. This provocative Jefferson letter is ripe with intrigue and controversy: the author s uncertainty about historical events, the integrity of the second edition of the Notes, bloodshed and murder, colonial relations with Native Americans, and presidential politics all play a part. Jefferson s trepidation may have been influenced by a letter from General George Rogers Clark, discovered in Jefferson s papers after his death, that cast doubt on Cresap s role. A powerful and revealing historical document. $67,500. Jefferson s First Inaugural: We are all republicans, we are all federalists. 90. Jefferson, Thomas: THE INAUGURAL SPEECH OF THOMAS JEFFERSON [caption title]. [Boston]: From the Chronicle Press, by Adams & Rhoades, [1801]. Silk broadside, approximately 21 x 15¼ inches, printed in two columns. Previously folded, with separations and some loss of text along old fold lines. Expertly restored and backed on linen. Matted and framed. Good plus. An extremely scarce silk broadside printing of Thomas Jefferson s First Inaugural Address. The remarks of the incoming president were a vital factor in the restora-

71 tion of political peace between the Republican and Federalist parties after the brutal election of 1800, which featured outlandish rhetoric and vicious attacks from both sides, and whose outcome had to be decided by the House of Representatives after a tie in the Electoral College between Jefferson and Aaron Burr. Jefferson s tone of conciliation did much to calm the fears of a fractured government and electorate: Let us then, fellow citizens, unite with one heart and one mind; let us restore to social intercourse that harmony and affection, without which liberty, and even life itself, are but dreary things. And let us reflect, that having banished from our land that religious intolerance under which mankind so long bled and suffered, we have yet gained little, if we countenance a political intolerance, as despotic, as wicked, and capable of as bitter and bloody persecutions... Every difference of opinion is not a difference of principle. We have called by different names brethren of the same principle. We are all republicans: we are all federalists. An advertisement in the pages of the March 19, 1801 issue of Boston s Independent Chronicle notes that the newspaper would be publishing a broadside edition of the speech, with most copies printed on paper, but also that a few copies will be struck on white satin, of which the present copy is an example. OCLC locates only four copies of this silk edition, at the Huntington Library, the University of Virginia, the Massachusetts Historical Society, and the American Antiquarian Society. A very rare printing of one of the great speeches in early American history. SHAW & SHOEMAKER 718. REESE, FEDERAL HUNDRED 87. $8750. Jefferson s Message Urging the Purchase of Louisiana 91. Jefferson, Thomas: THE PRESIDENT S MESSAGE. SALEM REG- ISTER OFFICE...WASHINGTON, OCT. 17. THIS DAY AT 3 O CLOCK, THE FOLLOWING MESSAGE WAS DELIVERED IN THE TWO HOUSES OF CONGRESS BY MR. HARVIE, SEC- RETARY TO THE PRESIDENT... Salem, Ma.: Salem Register, Oct. 26, Broadside, 19 x 12 inches, printed in three columns. Old folds. Four small separations at folds, affecting a total of seven words of text (but not the overall legibility). In very good condition, edges untrimmed. In a half morocco box. A very rare printing of Thomas Jefferson s address to Congress presenting the Louisiana Purchase Treaty and urging its speedy ratification by the Senate and appropriation of funds for the purchase by the House. We are able to locate only one other copy of this Salem printing of Jefferson s message, the importance of which was recognized throughout the United States. This printing is also notable for having been done in Federalist New England, where there were many were highly critical of Jefferson s maneuvers.

72 In late April 1803 representatives of the United States and France agreed upon a treaty by which the United States would buy Louisiana Territory, some 828,000 square miles of land, for a total of fifteen million dollars (about three cents per acre). By July the official documents, which had been signed in France and had received Napoleon s approval, had arrived in Washington. All that was needed to finalize the purchase was American ratification. The Constitution, however, was silent regarding whether or not the President could make such outright purchases. From the start Jefferson had concerns about the legality of the agreement, and he initially considered asking Congress for a constitutional amendment to authorize the purchase. However, the treaty required the exchange of ratifications by Oct. 30 (six months after the signing), and Congress was not scheduled to convene until November. This fact, coupled with the fear that the French were starting to regret the agreement, led Jefferson to call a special session of Congress, beginning Oct. 17. On that day Jefferson sent this message to Congress, in which he announced the purchase of Louisiana Territory. Propositions had...been authorized for obtaining, on fair conditions, the sovereignty of New-Orleans, and of other possessions in the quarter interesting to our quiet...the enlightened government of France saw, with just discernment, the importance to both nations of such liberal arrangements as might permanently promote the peace, friendship, and interests of both: and the property and sovereignty of all Louisiana, which had been restored to them, has, on certain conditions, been transferred to the United States...Whilst the property and sovereignty of the Mississippi and its waters secure an independent outlet for the produce of the western states, and an uncontrolled navigation through their whole course, free from collision with other powers, and the dangers to our peace from that source, the fertility of the country, its climate and extent, promise, in due season, important aids to our treasury, an ample provision for our posterity, and a wide spread for the blessings of freedom and equal laws. Jefferson goes on to urge the treaty s ratification by the Senate, and the appropriation of funds for the purchase of Louisiana Territory by the House. He also an-

73 nounces the purchase of lands from the Kaskaskia Indians, updates the Congress on American naval operations in the Mediterranean, discusses the national debt, and reflects on the growing conflict between France and England. The Senate ratified the Louisiana Purchase Treaty a few days later, on Oct. 20, by a vote of twenty-four to seven. Jefferson s message transmitting the Louisiana Purchase Treaty to the Senate for ratification was printed as a government document of ten pages, published in There were also two additional newspaper extra printings of the message, one issued by the National Intelligencer in Washington on Oct. 17 (copies located at Yale and the Huntington Library) and in a supplement to the True American newspaper of Trenton, New Jersey (a single copy is located at Yale). We are able to locate only one other copy of this Salem Register printing of Jefferson s important address, at the American Antiquarian Society. Not in Shaw & Shoemaker. A rare printing of an American state paper of the greatest importance. OCLC $15,000. President Thomas Jefferson Swears on my sacred honor Jefferson, Thomas: [AUTOGRAPH LETTER, SIGNED, FROM THOMAS JEFFERSON TO SECRETARY OF WAR HENRY DEARBORN]. Washington. June 3, [1]p. plus integral address leaf. Quarto, on a folded folio sheet. Old fold lines. Minor wear and soiling. Strip of later paper on left edge verso, where the letter had been tipped into an album. Very good. In a red half morocco clamshell box, spine gilt. A remarkable letter written by President Thomas Jefferson to Secretary of War Henry Dearborn in which Jefferson swears on my sacred honour that he gives no credence to slanderous gossip circulating about Dearborn. Dearborn ( ), a soldier and politician, was appointed by Jefferson to the post of Secretary of War in 1801, a position he held throughout Jefferson s terms in office. He was moderately successful in most of his life s endeavors, excepting his command during the War of 1812, in which he lost Detroit to the British. Jefferson acknowledges receipt of Dearborn s recent letter regarding the slanders being spread about him by Seth Hunt, who was seeking a government appointment. The President admits that he had learned of the defamation from Gideon Granger, his Postmaster General, but his response makes clear that his support of Dearborn is unwavering: with respect to the slanders in which the two Mr. Hunts were implicated, I assure you on my sacred honour that I never heard one word uttered but from Mr. Granger and one other person who does not reside in this part of the country, nor is any way connected with the government; and the sole object of his communicating with me was to engage me to endeavor to prevent the matter being carried into the public papers. From neither of these gentlemen did I learn, or ever from any other quarter, that you even knew of the slanders in circulation.

74 Your letter is the first intimation of your having had any conusance [sic] of them. Be assured therefore that not a suggestion on the subject has ever been made to me to your prejudice, nor would any such make an impression on me. Where I have knoledge [sic] of a character myself, I place more confidence in that knoledge than in any suggestions which can be made, and am more apt to look for their source in the character & circumstances of the suggestor. The degree of confidence in you which led me to ask your aid in the administration, has never been diminished; on the contrary it is strengthened by opportunities of knowing myself what I had before taken from the information of others: and by that affection which naturally grows out of a social intercourse with worthy persons. As to what I mentioned that Mr. Seth Hunt was stated to me to have rendered himself so obnoxious to some persons as that his appointment would scarcely be confirmed by the Senate, it was mentioned, and not a single particular was added or asked. This frank declaration is made in order to establish that mutual satisfaction of reciprocal confidence which I know to exist on my part, and I entertain no doubt of on yours. A striking letter from Jefferson as president. His use of the phrase on my sacred honour has particular meaning, underscoring his unwavering support for Dearborn. It was with their sacred honour together with their lives and fortunes that Jefferson and the other fifty-five Signers pledged to support the Declaration of Independence. $60,000.

75 Jefferson s 1805 State of the Union Message 93. Jefferson, Thomas: PRESIDENT S MESSAGE...TO THE SEN- ATE AND HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. AT A MOMENT WHEN THE NATIONS OF EUROPE ARE IN COMMOTION AND ARMING AGAINST EACH OTHER...[caption title and beginning of text]. New London: Gazette Office, Dec. 9, [1805]. Broadside, 19 x 11½ inches, printed in three columns. Expertly backed with archival paper. Some small holes, tiny areas of loss along the folds, affecting a small amount of text; some foxing and toning; some faint contemporary ink and pencil notations on verso, with mild bleedthrough of the ink. Good plus, untrimmed, with wide margins. A very rare printing of the first State of the Union Address of President Jefferson s second term. It was printed by the Gazette Office in New London, Connecticut. Interestingly, the date at the end of the message was printed incorrectly, as December 3, 1806, when the actual date of Jefferson s address was a year earlier. In this State of the Union Address the President relates the difficulties in settling differences with Spain, especially the Louisiana boundary issues: Propositions for adjusting amicably the boundaries of Louisiana have not been acceded to. While, however, the right is unsettled, we have avoided changing the state of things by taking new posts or strengthening ourselves in the disputed territories, in the hope that the other power would not by a contrary conduct oblige us to meet their example and endanger conflicts of authority the issue of which may not be easily controlled. But in this hope we have now reason to lessen our confidence. Inroads have been recently made into the Territories of Orleans and the Mississippi, our citizens have been seized and their property plundered in the very parts of the former which had been actually delivered up by Spain, and this by the regular officers and soldiers of that Government. I have therefore found it necessary at length to give orders to our troops on that frontier to be in readiness to protect our citizens, and to repel by arms any similar aggressions in future. Jefferson devotes a considerable portion of this message to relating recent land purchases from Native Americans. He praises the Indians for their pursuit of agriculture, then enumerates recent land acquisitions, including:...the lands between the Connecticut Reserve and the former Indian boundary and those on the Ohio from the same boundary to the rapids and for a considerable depth inland. The Chickasaws and Cherokees have sold us the country between and adjacent to the two districts of Tennessee, and the Creeks the residue of their lands in the fork of the Ocmulgee up to the Ulcofauhatche. The three former purchases are important, in as much as they consolidate disjoined parts of our settled country and render their intercourse secure; and the second particularly so, as, with the small point on the river which we expect is by this

76 time ceded by the Piankeshaws, it completes our possession of the whole of both banks of the Ohio from its source to near its mouth, and the navigation of that river is thereby rendered forever safe to our citizens settled and settling on its extensive waters. The purchase from the Creeks, too, has been for some time particularly interesting to the State of Georgia. The President mentions the possibility of new relations and the potential for commercial intercourse with various Indians living on the Missouri River and other parts beyond the Mississippi. Jefferson is expecting communications from explorers in this area, which we have reason shortly to expect. The explorers are Lewis and Clark, this address coming in the midst of the Corps of Discovery s epic western expedition. Jefferson discusses a variety of other issues, foreign and domestic, in this State of the Union address. He speaks at length about recent outbreaks of the fatal fever which have afflicted various American cities; he calls for further fortification of seaports, and a general build-up of the armed forces, including more gunboats and material for the construction of ships of war of 74 guns. He also suggests a prohibition of exports of firearms and ammunition, praises Congress for handling prisoner-of-war transfers from Tripoli after the recently concluded Barbary War, and recommends guidelines for the number of naval frigates to be used in peace time. He ends the speech with an accounting of Treasury finances. Two other broadside printings of this State of the Union are located in Shaw & Shoemaker s American Imprints, in Newport and Salem. This New London broadside printing of Jefferson s Message is not listed in Shaw & Shoemaker, nor is it located on OCLC or in the Library of Congress. Important, and quite possibly unique. $5000. Inaugural Speeches of Jefferson and Madison 94. [ Jefferson, Thomas]: [Madison, James]: THE INAUGURAL SPEECHES AND MESSAGES OF THOMAS JEFFERSON, ESQ. LATE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. TOGETHER WITH THE INAUGURAL SPEECH OF JAMES MADISON, ESQ. HIS SUCCESSOR IN OFFICE. Boston pp. Original blue paper covers with no spine, likely as issued. Light dampstaining and soiling. Still, very good. In a slipcase. Inaugural addresses of Jefferson and James Madison, issued on the occasion of Madison s election to the presidency, together with several other messages to Congress. SHAW & SHOEMAKER REESE, FEDERAL HUNDRED 87 (ref ). $ [ Jeffreys, George Washington]: A SERIES OF ESSAYS ON AGRI- CULTURE & RURAL AFFAIRS; IN FORTY-SEVEN NUMBERS. Raleigh pp. plus index leaf. 12mo. Contemporary mottled calf, gilt

77 leather label. Minor wear, short split to rear joint. Moderate to heavy foxing throughout. Good plus. The title states this work to be By Agricola, A North Carolina Farmer, the pseudonym of George Washington Jeffreys. A very early southern agricultural publication and an unusual imprint, containing essays on land law, manuring, enclosure, grasses, tillage, a variety of crops, fruit trees, and livestock. THORNTON SHAW & SHOEMAKER RINK $ Jordan, G.W.: AN EXAMINATION OF THE PRINCIPLES OF THE SLAVE REGISTRY BILL, AND OF THE MEANS OF EMANCIPATION, PROPOSED BY THE AUTHORS OF THE BILL. London: Printed for T. Cadell and W. Davis, [4],147,[2]pp. 20th-century plain wrappers. Minor toning. Very good. A scarce work pertaining to the British slave trade in the West Indies. The author, George William Jordan, was a British colonial agent serving in Barbados. Here, he argues against the abolition of the Atlantic slave trade, at least as it pertains to the West Indian colonies. Jordan writes that abolition of slavery in the West Indies would violate political rights [of British subjects], endanger personal safety, extinguish the agricultural system of the colonies, with the commerce dependent thereon, and overwhelm in general ruin the expensive establishments and valuable plantations of the islands. A wholehearted argument on the wrong side of history. KRESS B6721. GOLDSMITH SABIN HEARTMAN 120:976. $750. The First Challenge of Constitutionality: The Law That Led to the First Case of Judicial Review 97. [ Judicial Review]: THIRD CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES: AT THE FIRST SESSION,...AN ACT LAYING DUTIES UPON CARRIAGES FOR THE CONVEYANCE OF PERSONS [caption title]. [Philadelphia: Printed by Francis Childs and John Swaine, 1794]. [3] pp. Folio. Disbound from a sammelband volume, with three small stab holes. Some foxing. Else very good. This is the very rare printing of a crucially important early American law. This law, laying a tax upon operators of carriages that convey people, was the first law whose constitutionality was ever challenged in court, resulting in the first case of what has become known as judicial review. That case, Hylton v. United States, was heard in 1796, a full seven years before the celebrated case of Marbury v. Madison, in which Chief Justice John Marshall famously asserted the Supreme Court s right to review the constitutionality of legislation. Goebel calls Hylton v. U.S. the first clear-cut challenge of the constitutionality of an Act of Congress to come before the Court. This carriage duty act is also important in the development of thinking over the revenue-raising powers of the federal government.

78 This act levies an annual tax of from one dollar (for a two-wheel carriage) to ten dollars (for a coach) on any person who employs a carriage for the conveyance of passengers (those used for conveying animals, goods, or commodities are specifically exempted). The law goes on to describe the ways in which the tax would be computed, reported, paid, and accounted for. Shortly after this law was passed the government sued Daniel Hylton in the Federal Circuit Court of Virginia for nonpayment of the duty he owed $1,000 for tax on 125 coaches and attendant penalties. Hylton, represented by the eminent John Taylor of Caroline, argued that the tax was a direct tax, and unconstitutional under Article I, section 8 of the United States Constitution. Hylton appealed his case to the Supreme Court in late February 1796, and Alexander Hamilton wrote briefs on behalf of the government. The case was heard by justices Samuel Chase, William Paterson, and James Iredell, who unanimously agreed (in individually written opinions) that the carriage tax was an indirect tax and therefore constitutional. The court s views on the tax issue remained in force for a century. More important to legal history was the fact that, for the first time in the young nation s history, the Supreme Court had implicitly asserted its right to review the constitutionality of acts of Congress. This assumed power would be explicitly stated a few years later in Marshall s famous opinion in Marbury v. Madison. NAIP locates only four copies of this law, at the American Antiquarian Society, John Carter Brown Library, Rhode Island Historical Society, and the Library of Congress. Rare and important in the evolution of the lawmaking powers of the Congress, concepts of taxation, and the development of judicial review. EVANS ESTC W Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States, p.419. Goebel, History of the Supreme Court of the United States, Vol. 1, pp $28,500. Early Kentucky Imprint: The Second Known Copy 98. [Kentucky]: TO THE PUBLIC. FELLOW CITIZENS, I NOTICE IN THE PALLADIUM OF JULY 14th INST. A PUBLICATION SIGNED SAMUEL TAYLOR; TO WHICH HE HAS SUBJOINED A CIRCULAR FROM PITTSBURG [sic]...[first few lines of text]. [Frankfort, Ky.?: Printed at the Palladium?], Broadside, 9 x 7½ inches. Light soiling and wear. Paper flaws affecting a few letters but with no loss. Very good. A campaign endorsement for Gen. Charles Scott in his first, successful run for the office of Governor of Kentucky. Scott ( ), a native of Virginia and a veteran of both the French and Indian War and the American Revolution, served for a time as George Washington s chief of intelligence. He moved to Woodford County, Kentucky in 1787, participated in the border conflicts against the Indians, including the 1790 Harmar expedition and the Fallen Timbers campaign of 1794, before entering politics and serving as Kentucky s fourth governor from 1808 to

79 1812. This broadside urges support of the effort to approve funding for the pensions of Revolutionary War veterans, and Scott s run for the governorship succeeded the following month. It is signed in type at the end by A Friend of the Military, July 16th, Rare and early for the area. Not in Hummel or Shaw & Shoemaker. OCLC locates only one copy, at the Society of the Cincinnati. $3500. Shifting the Basis of Longitude to Washington from Greenwich? 99. Lambert, William: ABSTRACTS OF CALCULATIONS, TO AS- CERTAIN THE LONGITUDE OF THE CAPITOL, IN THE CITY OF WASHINGTON, FROM GREENWICH OBSERVATORY, IN ENGLAND. Washington City pp. Quarto. Original plain blue wrappers, stitched as issued. Some creasing and dampstaining to wrappers, edges chipped. Some tanning to titlepage. Contemporary inscription on titlepage reads: Presented by Hon. John Adams. Worn at extremities, else very clean internally. Very good. The present pamphlet contains various calculations, using coordinates from both England and the United States, to ascertain the longitude of the Capitol. Employing foundational work by the noted French astronomer, M. de La Lande, Lambert

80 concludes his study, pronouncing: It is...believed, that the foregoing strictly correct...[and] a near approximation to the truth. At this point, the U.S. was considering starting a new system of longitude with Washington as the baseline. This copy inscribed on the titlepage, in an unknown hand, Presented by Hon. John Adams. Presumably, this refers to John Quincy Adams, who was, at that time, Secretary of State. An interesting 19th-century pamphlet detailing the research concerning the geographical plotting of America s capitol. SABIN SHAW & SHOEMAKER $750. Classic of the New Orleans Campaign of Latour, Arsene Lacarriere: HISTORICAL MEMOIR OF THE WAR IN WEST FLORIDA AND LOUISIANA IN Philadelphia Text volume plus atlas. Text: xx,264,cxc pp. plus frontispiece portrait of Andrew Jackson tipped-in after the prelims. Atlas: Title-leaf plus eight colored maps and plans (seven folding). Text volume in half antiquestyle calf and marbled boards. Atlas in original boards, laid in a half calf case matching binding on the text volume. Minor occasional foxing, Jackson portrait a bit damp-stained. Titlepage of atlas a bit toned. A very good plus set. Untrimmed.

81 One of the most important books on the War of 1812 in the South and West, describing the campaign around the battle of New Orleans. Major Latour s account of the military events is minute and interesting, and the appendix contains an invaluable collection of state papers Sabin. Chief authority, well-documented, on these operations Howes. The eight maps (Sabin states that there are only seven) consist of battle plans and A General Map of the Seat of War in Louisiana and West Florida, executed by Major Latour in his capacity as engineer. Streeter describes the maps and plans (which are sometimes found bound in a separate atlas, as here) as invaluable, and Clark calls the Historical Memoir... a detailed and precise narrative of the campaign from the first arrival of British forces on the Louisiana coast until their complete evacuation. Sessler purchased the Streeter copy for $425 in It is now in the Dietrich American Foundation. SABIN CLARK II:158. STREETER SALE HOWES L124, aa. SHAW & SHOEMAKER 38034, SERVIES 878. $6750. Against Slavery, But in Favor of Spreading It 101. Learned, Joseph D.: A VIEW OF THE POLICY OF PERMITTING SLAVES IN THE STATES WEST OF THE MISSISSIPPI: BEING A LETTER TO A MEMBER OF CONGRESS. Baltimore: Printed by Joseph Robinson, pp. Gathered signatures, string-tied, as issued. Uniform, light tanning. Vertical crease. Very good. Untrimmed. A scarce pamphlet arguing that the federal government has no right to interfere in the extension or prohibition of slavery into newly-admitted states of the Union. Rather, Learned maintains that the issue should be decided by the states themselves. Learned s tract, written at the height of the controversy over the admission of Missouri into the Union, which culminated in the Missouri Compromise, is in response to Daniel Raymond s The Missouri Question, published in Learned allows that slavery is a moral evil, but argues that the condition of the slave is better in a free Government, for his protection by the laws is more sure. He goes on to contend that spreading slavery into the new states is beneficial to the slaves, lessening the evil of slavery in the old states, and improving their condition in the new states. A scarce argument for states rights, this is the first copy we have ever owned. HOWES L166a. SABIN AMERICAN IMPRINTS WORK, p.331. DU- MOND, p.73. $2750. The Foundation Stone of Western Americana 102. Lewis, Meriwether, and William Clark: HISTORY OF THE EXPE- DITION UNDER THE COMMAND OF CAPTAINS LEWIS AND CLARK, TO THE SOURCES OF THE MISSOURI, THENCE ACROSS THE ROCKY MOUNTAINS AND DOWN THE RIVER

82 COLUMBIA TO THE PACIFIC OCEAN. PERFORMED DUR- ING THE YEARS Philadelphia: Published by Bradford and Inskeep, Two volumes. xxviii,470; ix,522pp., plus six maps and charts including the large folding map. Late 19th-century black morocco and marbled boards, spines gilt. Bookplate on front pastedowns. Contemporary ownership inscription on each titlepage. Light toning and foxing throughout, but generally a very nice, tall set. Very good. The most famous of all western travel narratives, and the cornerstone of any collection of Western Americana. Described by Wagner-Camp as the definitive account of the most important exploration of the North American continent, the book describes the expedition to explore the newly acquired Louisiana Purchase, undertaken from 1804 to 1806 by ascending the Missouri River to its source, crossing the Rocky Mountains, and reaching the Pacific Ocean. In total, the expedition covered some eight thousand miles in slightly more than twenty-eight months. They brought back the first reliable information about much of the area they traversed, made contact with the Indian inhabitants as a prelude to the expansion of the fur trade, and advanced by a quantum leap the geographical knowledge of the continent. This official account of the expedition is as much a landmark in Americana as the trip itself. The narrative has been reprinted many times and remains a perennial American bestseller. The large folding map of the West, present herein, was not issued with all copies. The observations in the text make it an essential work of American natural history, ethnography, and science. It is the first great U.S. government expedition, the first book on the Rocky Mountain West, and a host of other smaller firsts. It is among the most famous American books. WAGNER-CAMP 13:1. PRINTING AND THE MIND OF MAN 272. GROLIER AMERICAN 100, 30. HOWES L317. TWENEY 89, 44. GRAFF SABIN CHURCH FIELD 928. STREETER SALE STREETER, AMERICANA BEGINNINGS 52. SHAW & SHOEMAKER HILL REESE, BEST OF THE WEST 37. $130,000.

83 A Collection of Pamphlets in the Fight over the New Orleans Batture, from the Library of a Leading Republican Congressman and Enemy of One of the Authors 103. [Livingston, Edward]: [Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen]: [Poydras, Julien de Lalande]: ADDRESS TO THE PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES, ON THE MEASURES PURSUED BY THE EXECUTIVE WITH RESPECT TO THE BATTURE AT NEW-ORLEANS: TO WHICH ARE ANNEXED...A NUMBER OF OTHER DOCU- MENTS NECESSARY TO A FULL UNDERSTANDING OF THIS INTERESTING CASE. [bound with:] A REVIEW OF THE CAUSE OF THE NEW ORLEANS BATTURE... [bound with:] ADRESSE AU CONSEIL LEGISLATIF DU TERRITOIRE D ORLEANS. New Orleans; Philadelphia: Bradford & Anderson; Jane Aitken, Various paginations. With two loose autographed engraved portraits. Original marbled boards, expertly rebacked and recornered in antique-style calf, spine gilt ruled, original leather label. Contemporary ownership inscriptions on front pastedown and titlepages and slightly later ownership marks on front free endpaper. Contemporary manuscript table of contents on blank verso facing titlepage. Light dampstaining to initial leaves, light tanning throughout, heavier at rear. Very good. The New Orleans batture case was one of the bitter controversies of Jefferson s presidency and beyond. Edward Livingston, a prominent New Orleans attorney, claimed ownership of a strip of beach (the batture) at New Orleans which had long been used as a common boat landing. Jefferson took up the case of the city of New Orleans, asserting government ownership up to the high water mark, and had a federal marshal forcibly dispossess Livingston. This resulted in a celebrated case of the use of federal power which continued to be bitterly argued, so much so that Jefferson felt constrained, four years after leaving the presidency, to compose his legal reasoning in a pamphlet, one of only three full-scale works published under his name in his lifetime. It also brought about one of the few civil suits ever allowed against a sitting President. The case set an important precedent in the interaction of federal and state power, as well as having important local ramifications. The first imprint in this sammelband draws together six documents that represent an overview of the case from the point of view of Livingston, and his lawyer in the matter, Peter Du Ponceau. These consist of Livingston s presentation of his argument, correspondence between Livingston and other interested parties, a copy of the complaint by the previous owner, Jean Gravier, which began the controversy, and several opinions and reports on the case, including that of Du Ponceau. It also contains a review of the case written by Du Ponceau and printed in Philadelphia by Jane Aitken in 1809, as well as the first of five publications concerning the issue by Julien Poydras in favor of public use of the land.

84 This volume was owned and inscribed by longtime Virginia statesman and conservative Democratic-Republican, John Randolph, who served several terms in both houses of the U.S. Congress during the first three decades of the 19th century. Randolph was a member of the famed Virginia family, and an important figure in American politics at the time of the controversy. He was often allied with Jefferson, to whom he had both political and family ties, and was a bitter opponent of Livingston, of whom he said, He is a man of splendid abilities but utterly corrupt. He shines and stinks, like rotten mackerel by moonlight. A fascinating collection of imprints regarding an important legal dispute in Louisiana Territory with far-reaching consequences. JUMONVILLE 159, 175. McMURTRIE (NEW ORLEANS) 120. SHAW & SHOE- MAKER 15442, 15990, $6750. Livingston s Reply to Jefferson on the New Orleans Batture Seizure: The Streeter Copy 104. Livingston, Edward: AN ANSWER TO MR. JEFFERSON S JUS- TIFICATION OF HIS CONDUCT IN THE CASE OF THE NEW ORLEANS BATTURE. Philadelphia: William Fry, xi,187pp. plus two folding maps. Half title. 20th-century red three-quarter morocco and marbled boards, spine gilt. Bookplate of Thomas W. Streeter on front pastedown. Light scattered foxing, primarily to first and last few leaves. Very good. Livingston s bitter reply to Jefferson s justification for confiscating the former s waterfront property in New Orleans. The New Orleans batture case was one of the bitter controversies of Jefferson s presidency. Livingston, a prominent New Orleans attorney, claimed ownership of a strip of beach (the batture) at New Orleans which had long been used as a common boat landing. Jefferson asserted government ownership up to the high water mark and had a federal marshal forcibly dispossess Livingston. This resulted in a celebrated case of the use of federal power which

85 continued to be bitterly argued, so much so that Jefferson felt constrained, four years after leaving the presidency, to compose his legal reasoning in a pamphlet, one of only three full-scale works published under his name in his lifetime. Livingston herein replies to the former president. This copy is unusual in that it contains the two folding maps relating to the controversy, which are almost always lacking. The second of these shows in detail the eastern suburb of New Orleans, one of the first such maps of the area. The Streeter copy sold for $1300 when it appeared at auction in BOUND TO PLEASE 14, p.20. HOWES L396. STREETER SALE 1593 (this copy). SABIN COHEN 2827 (note). $ Longworth, David: LONGWORTH S AMERICAN ALMANAC, NEW-YORK REGISTER, AND CITY DIRECTORY... New York: David Longworth, ,[4]pp. 12mo. Original half calf and paper boards. Chipped at head of spine, binding heavily rubbed and edgeworn. Text tanned, some foxing. A good copy, in original condition. A nicely preserved copy of Longworth s New York directory for 1810, with an interesting provenance. This copy bears the ownership signature on the titlepage and front free endpaper of Samuel Marvin, who has identified himself as Assistant Justice of the Seventh Ward Court in New York City. His office was located at 52 Lombardy Street (just a few doors away from his residence, according to his listing in the directory), and he has dated his inscription July 5, David Longworth published his popular almanac and directory from 1796 to 1817, after which point the publication was assumed by Thomas Longworth and continued into the 1840s. In the present volume, the almanac by Andrew Beers is embellished with an anatomical map of the zodiac and an excerpt from The Village Pastor, by D. Longworth himself. The register that follows contains extensive lists of duties and other commercial concerns; and a detailed listing of major New York institutions, including government bodies, fraternal lodges, insurance companies, banks, and hospitals. The City Directory lists 14,600 New York residents with their addresses and means of livelihood, providing a fascinating cross-section of New York in the late Federal period. An unnumbered page at the end contains an ad for printer Edmund Blunt. Despite their popularity, few of the Longworth almanacs survive, particularly those published before Not in Shaw & Shoemaker. Spear locates five copies of this scarce New York directory. SPEAR, p.239. SABIN (note). $1000. The First American Laws in the West 106. [Louisiana]: ACTS PASSED AT THE FIRST SESSION OF THE LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL OF THE TERRITORY OF ORLEANS, BEGUN AND HELD AT THE PRINCIPAL, IN THE CITY OF NEW-ORLEANS... New Orleans: Printed by James M. Bradford, 1805.

86 xxxiv,461pp. Text in English and French on facing pages. Contemporary sheep, expertly rebacked to style, retaining original labels. Very good. A rare and important work, the first American laws printed west of the Mississippi. The first session laws for the Louisiana territory under American rule, with the text printed in English and French on facing pages. In March, 1804, the Louisiana Purchase was divided into the Territories of Orleans (south of the present border of Arkansas and Missouri) and Louisiana (everything to the north and west, governed until 1807 by Indiana Territory). The influence of French and Spanish laws in North America is evident in these early territorial laws, as it took Congress more than two decades to determine their intent with regard to existing Spanish and French law. At the first session of the Legislative Council 51 Acts and one joint resolution were approved, the latest on May 1, 1805 Streeter. Early Louisiana laws are especially rare; this is only the second time we ve ever seen this imprint. JUMONVILLE 121. McMURTRIE (NEW ORLEANS) 77. SHAW & SHOEMAKER STREETER (refs) $7500. Early Pennsylvania Murder 107. [M Manus, Charles]: A CORRECT ACCOUNT OF THE TRIALS OF CHARLES M MANUS, JOHN HAUER, ELIZABETH HAU- ER, PATRICK DONAGHAN, FRANCIS COX, AND OTHERS; AT HARRISBURGH JUNE OYER AND TERMINER FOR THE MURDER OF FRANCIS SHITZ, ON THE NIGHT OF THE 28th DECEMBER, 1797, AT HEIDELBERG TOWNSHIP, DAU- PHIN COUNTY... Harrisburg: John Wyeth, pp. Contemporary sheep, neatly rebacked, gilt leather label. Modern bookplate on front pastedown, typed description tipped onto front free endpaper. A few short closed tears at fore-edges, one larger internal tear repaired with tape. Tanned. Very good. A rare account of the first murder trial in Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, for a crime that took place just outside of Harrisburg in December The will of Peter Shitz left most of his estate to his sons Francis and Peter, but if they died without children, part went to his daughter Elizabeth. Hauer was the husband of Elizabeth, and he hired four Irishmen, newly arrived in the country, to kill his brothers-in-law. Two masked men raided the house one night and killed Francis with an ax, but Peter escaped. M Manus and Hauer were hanged McDade. ESTC W EVANS McDADE 663. SABIN $1750. A Major Shaker Rarity and Early Cincinnati Imprint 108. M Nemar, Richard: THE KENTUCKY REVIVAL, OR, A SHORT HISTORY OF THE LATE EXTRAORDINARY OUT-POURING OF THE SPIRIT OF GOD, IN THE WESTERN STATES OF

87 AMERICA...WITH A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF THE ENTRANCE AND PROGRESS OF WHAT THE WORLD CALL SHAKERISM, AMONG THE SUBJECTS OF THE LATE REVIVAL IN OHIO AND KENTUCKY... Cincinnati: From the press of John W. Browne, ,[1]pp. [bound with:] OBSERVATIONS ON CHURCH GOV- ERNMENT...TO WHICH IS ADDED, THE LAST WILL AND TESTAMENT OF THAT REVEREND BODY... Cincinnati: From the press of John W. Browne, pp. 12mo. Original floral-patterned paper over a calf backstrip. Most of the spine paper perished, boards stained and worn. Titlepage stained, carrying through in lesser fashion to the following eight leaves. Bottom inch of titlepage torn away, not affecting the imprint or any text. Small paper flaw in the leaf containing pp.87-88, costing a few letters but not affecting the sense of the text. Uniform tanning, a few signatures loosening. On the whole, still an attractive copy, in original condition. In a brown half morocco and cloth clamshell box, spine gilt. A major rarity of American religious texts, this is the first edition of the first full-length book published by the Shakers. It is of extreme importance as an eyewitness account of the rise of the Shaker movement in the West, as well as a source of Shaker doctrine. MacLean calls McNemar the father of Shaker literature, and Bestor calls this work the basic source on Shaker expansion to the West. McNemar was originally a Presbyterian, but later converted to Shakerism and worked hard to establish that faith on the American frontier. This is a first-hand account by a leader of the Kentucky Revival, one of the first western Shaker converts, which has been quoted extensively by later authors. McNemar describes frontier revivals, the Presbyterian schism, beginnings of Shakerism in the West, and early Shaker relations with the Indians Richmond. McNemar is also the author of the second tract included here, Observations on Church Government..., but is only identified on the titlepage as the Presbyter of Springfield. Springfield was a small community located eleven miles north of Cincinnati. It is a separate work from The Kentucky Revival..., with its own titlepage, and separate pagination and signatures. The text explains the tenets of the Shaker faith. Thomson calls The Kentucky Revival very scarce. This was one of the earliest books printed in Cincinnati. It is very rare on the market indeed. Streeter was only able to acquire an 1808 Pittsfield reprint, and no copies of this first edition

88 are located in auction records over the past thirty years. Rare and important. AII (OHIO) 64, 70. THOMSON 767. MACLEAN 65. RICHMOND 929, RUSK II: WILKIE 90, 97. BESTOR, BACKWOODS UTOPIAS, p.256. COLEMAN 992. HOWES M177, aa. SABIN 43605, SHAW & SHOEMAKER 12969, $13, Marshall, John: [Washington, George]: THE LIFE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON, COMMANDER IN CHIEF OF THE AMERI- CAN FORCES, DURING THE WAR WHICH ESTABLISHED THE INDEPENDENCE OF HIS COUNTRY, AND FIRST PRESI- DENT OF THE UNITED STATES...TO WHICH IS PREFIXED, AN INTRODUCTION, CONTAINING A COMPENDIOUS VIEW OF THE COLONIES... [with:] THE LIFE OF GEORGE WASH- INGTON. MAPS AND SUBSCRIBERS NAMES. Philadelphia Five text volumes, plus atlas volume of 22pp. of subscribers names and ten maps (most double-page). Text volumes: Modern half calf and marbled boards, spines gilt. Early ownership signature on each titlepage (except for volume one), and early owner s ink stamp on titlepages and some leaves. Moderate

89 foxing and toning. Quarto atlas: Matching marbled boards. Scattered foxing, persistent staining. A very good set, in attractive bindings in period style. The classic biography of Washington, here in the first issue. After the able, accurate and comprehensive work of Chief Justice Marshall, it would be presumptuous to attempt a historical biography of Washington Jared Sparks. Later American editions omitted the history of the colonies, which is the subject of the first volume. The ten maps relate to the Revolution. HOWES M317, aa. SABIN LARNED REESE, REVOLUTIONARY HUNDRED 92. $6500. Early Southern Songster 110. [Masonry]: [South Carolina and Georgia]: THE FREE-MASON S VOCAL ASSISTANT, AND REGISTER OF THE LODGES OF MASONS IN SOUTH-CAROLINA AND GEORGIA. Charleston: Brother F.F. Negrin, [8],[13]-121, ,[1]pp. (errors in pagination as issued). Lacks engraved music (as usual, likely not issued with all copies). Contemporary sheep, spine gilt, red morocco label. Very good. Provenance: Benjamin Donaldson (early signature on titlepage and ink cross-outs of previous owner s inscriptions). This scarce Charleston imprint contains ninety-one Masonic songs in English and forty-eight Masonic songs in French, all of which are substantially indexed. In some cases melodies are provided. Following the numerous loyalty songs and odes is a complete list of the rules and regulations for the associated lodges of South Carolina. Of all known copies, only one, at the Massachusetts Grand Lodge in Boston, retains the usually missing sheet music. Similar Masonic tracts are quite scarce, even more so when relating to southern lodges. SABIN DE RENNE I, p.379. LOWEN 336. SHAW & SHOEMAKER WOLFE, SECULAR MUSIC WALGREN, FREEMASONRY 959. TURNBULL I:434. $3000. Massachusetts Calls a New State Convention 111. [Massachusetts]: COMMONWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTS. BY HIS EXCELLENCY GOVERNOR JOHN BROOKS, GOVER- NOR OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTS. A PROCLAMATION. WHEREAS BY AN ACT OF THE LEGISLA- TURE OF THIS COMMONWEALTH, PASSED ON THE SIX- TEENTH DAY OF JUNE LAST, ENTITLED AN ACT RELAT- ING TO THE CALLING OF A CONVENTION...[caption title]. Boston. Sept. 12, Broadside, 15 x 9½ inches. Old folds. Short closed tear in left margin along one fold, not affecting text. Docketed on verso in contemporary manuscript; contemporary autograph inscription in lower margin:

90 Copy attest Alden Bradford Sec[retary] of the Common[wealth]. Very good. Broadside proclamation announcing the results of a statewide vote to decide whether or not to call for delegates to change the state constitution. This was the second state constitutional convention, after the first of 1780, which resulted in nine amendments to the foundational document. Maine had been granted statehood in March 1820, a few months prior, separating it from Massachusetts. Having voted in town meetings across the state, the people of Massachusetts voted 11,756 to 6,593 in favor of amending the constitution. The governor therefore called upon all qualified citizens to assemble on the third Monday of October next...[to] elect one or more meet Delegates from other Towns, in Convention at the State House, in Boston, on the third Wednesday of November next, to take into consideration the propriety and expediency of making any (and if any what) alterations or amendments in the present Constitution of Government of the Commonwealth... $ [Mazzei, Filippo]: RECHERCHES HISTORIQUES ET POLI- TIQUES SUR LES ETATS-UNIS DE L AMÉRIQUE...PAR UN CITOYEN DE VIRGINIE... Paris Four volumes bound in two. Contemporary vellum-backed boards, contemporary manuscript labels. Very good. Uncut. The author emigrated to America from Italy in 1773 to introduce the cultivation of grapes and olives to the United States. He became a neighbor of Thomas Jefferson in Virginia, settling near Monticello at Jefferson s request, and this association led to their long friendship and the author s acquaintance with Franklin and Adams. A staunch Republican, he took an active role in the Independence movement. In this work Mazzei outlines the history of the American colonies, the causes of the Revolution, and the economy and government of the United States. Also discussed are Indians, slavery, emigration, and the Society of the Cincinnati. An important work which Dumas Malone characterizes as probably the most reliable of all the works of the period on the United States. Jefferson aided Mazzei in the compilation of the work while acting as American minister in Paris. HOWES M456. SABIN MALONE, THOMAS JEFFERSON II, pp REESE, REVOLUTIONARY HUNDRED 87. $1000.

91 113. [McAfee, Robert B.]: HISTORY OF THE LATE WAR IN THE WESTERN COUNTRY. Lexington pp. plus errata leaf. Modern morocco by Riviere, spine gilt, raised bands, a.e.g. Hinges carefully repaired, lightly tanned, bookplate. Very good. [This] is the original authority from which later writers borrowed freely...all the incidents of the War of 1812 in Ohio and the Northwest Territory are given with great minutiae of detail Thomson. According to American Imprints Inventory, the book was written by McAfee and revised by James Buchanan. The author of this now scarce work, sought and obtained a large amount of information, regarding the Indian wars of the western frontier, from the actors engaged in them Field. One of the most extensive products of the Kentucky press to that time, and one of the longest prose works, outside of laws, of that early period. A most important historical source. HOWES M9, aa. GRAFF JONES 781. STREETER SALE THOMSON 738. FIELD 964. SABIN AII (KENTUCKY) 612. RADER SERVIES 879. $1500. The First Large-Scale Map of the United States and a Cornerstone Map of the American West 114. Melish, John: MAP OF THE UNITED STATES WITH THE CON- TIGUOUS BRITISH AND SPANISH POSSESSIONS COMPILED FROM THE LATEST AND BEST AUTHORITIES. [Philadelphia.

92 1816]. Engraved map, engraved by J. Vallance & H. S. Tanner, period handcoloring in outline, dissected into 40 sections and linen-backed, as issued. Sheet size: 34 x 56¾ inches. Very good. In a blue morocco box. First edition, fourth state, of a map of inestimable importance one which synthesized the best data available at the crucial moment of the opening of American West, and one which, in a sense, envisioned and enabled the Manifest Destiny of the United States. The cartographic publication that best publicized for the American people the data derived from the Lewis and Clark Expedition and Zebulon Pike s exploration of the southwest in 1806 and 1807 was John Melish s 1816 Map of the United States Ristow, p.446. Also, much like the Mitchell map of the previous century, the Melish map became the map of record in many important treaties between the United States and Spain, Mexico, and both the Republic and State of Texas. Specifically, the United States-Mexico boundary was laid out on a copy of the map according to the Adams-Onìs Treaty signed in Feb. 22, Martin & Martin write: Recognizing that the demand for geographical information on the American west was limitless in the foreseeable future, Melish undertook to accumulate a vast amount of descriptions, statistics and maps and in 1816 produced in six sheets his famous map...for the Texas area, Melish relied heavily on the surveys conducted by William Darby, who had personally surveyed much of the Sabine River area...melish s map significantly improved the descriptions and depictions of the Texas interior, but perhaps its most lasting value to history was its official association with the Adams-Onìs Treaty, because Melish s 90th meridian, today the eastern boundary of the Texas Panhandle, was off by approximately ninety miles, controversy and court litigation concerning the correct boundary lasted well beyond Texas s annexation...of lasting value, too, was the widespread dissemination of new information concerning Texas geography only five years before Stephen F. Austin decided to honor his father s contract with the Mexican government to bring Anglo-American settlers to inhabit this rich new land. The map also played a key role in the development of American mapmaking. An exquisite map, it distinguished Melish as the leading American map publisher of the second decade and placed American maps on equal footing with those produced by the prestigious firms in London and Paris Schwartz. In fact, Melish founded the first company in the United States to deal specifically in maps and geographical works. The map was engraved by arguably the two finest map engravers in the United States at the time, John Vallance and Henry S. Tanner. It set a new standard for clarity and precision in map production. The present copy is the fourth state of the first edition of 1816, as identified by Ristow in Á la Carte (pp , the most complete account of the map): a rare early issue of the first edition, prior to Mississippi Territory being divided into the State of Mississippi and Alabama Territory. There are two primary reasons for

93 the great rarity of this map: firstly, Melish only printed 100 copies of each issue to allow him to constantly update the map with the latest geographical information, the second reason is its large size which has ensured a high attrition rate over the past two centuries. It would not be exaggerating to say that Melish s map, the first on a large scale to show the area of the present United States from coast to coast, provided most Americans with their first clear-sighted view of the continental landmass of which the United States was a part. Although the term Manifest Destiny, referring to the inevitability of the growth of the United States across the entire continent, was not current until the 1840s, there can be little doubt that this powerful cartographic image was suggestive of the concept. Such can be gleaned from Thomas Jefferson, who said of the map that it provides a luminous view of the comparative possessions of different powers in our America. RISTOW, AMERICAN MAPS AND MAPMAKERS, p.446. RISTOW, Á LA CARTE, pp SCHWARTZ & EHRENBERG, pp , pl WHEAT TRANSMIS- SISSIPPI WEST II:322, pp MARTIN & MARTIN, p.115 (plate 26). $85, Melish, John: THE TRAVELLER S DIRECTORY THROUGH THE UNITED STATES... Philadelphia: Published by the Author, xix,183,[1]pp. plus two folding maps (one handcolored). Original wallet-style calf binding. Binding somewhat rubbed, spine chipped at foot, short tear at foot of wallet flap. Contemporary manuscript spine title. Frontispiece map detached, but otherwise excellent. Light tanning. Overall quite good, in original condition. A revised edition of this popular traveller s directory, first published in 1814, and the second edition of A Statistical View... The colored map shows the U.S., including Texas and Santa Fe; the other map illustrates compass bearings between points of travel. The text lists routes of travel and distances throughout the country. Individual states and major roads are discussed. A handsome pocket atlas with important early American maps. Indexed. HOWES M494. BUCK 88. $ [Michigan]: MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENT TRANSMIT- TING A REPORT FROM THE GOVERNOR, AND PRESIDING JUDGE OF THE TERRITORY OF MICHIGAN RELATIVE TO THE STATE OF THAT TERRITORY. Washington: A. & G. Way, pp. Dbd. Near fine. The appeal of Michigan Territory governor William Hull and territorial judge August Woodward to Congress, requesting action from them on the deplorable conditions of the proposed capital in Detroit and the status of several peoples found to be inhabiting the territory. The official government of Michigan was set to begin on June 30, 1805, but when the Governor arrived, he found Detroit nearly entirely destroyed by fire and numerous people both squatting on the ruins and dispersed

94 throughout the nearby area, including into the British territory. Hull and Woodward claim that the various treaties signed with the British do not clarify who has proper claim to the land, and they add that the continuance of an indulgence for the Wiandot Indians to stay in Maguaga and Brown s town remains in question. They tentatively propose that Congress might make citizens of the Wiandot to settle the matter permanently. An excellent and concise history of the situation in Michigan at the time. Quite rare, with OCLC and Shaw & Shoemaker together locating only five copies. STREETER MICHIGAN SABIN SHAW & SHOEMAKER OCLC $900. It would take more time than I have so far been able to give to guess whether or not it is fiction Streeter 117. Milfort, Louis: MÉMOIRE OU COU-D OEIL RAPIDE SUR MES DIFÉRENS VOYAGES ET MON SÉJOUR DANS LA NATION CRËCK. Paris: de l Imprimerie de Giguet et Michaud, [4],331,[1]pp. Half title. Contemporary half calf and marbled boards, gilt. Spine ends and corners worn. Edges and portions of the marbled boards chewed or abraded. 19th-century bookplate on front pastedown, modern bookplate on rear pastedown. Small burn hole on titlepage, minor foxing, some marginal dampstaining. Good. A remarkable account of a Frenchman s travels and adventures among the Creek Indians in the Mississippi Valley in the late 1770s and early 1780s. Some of the details in this narrative are sufficiently extraordinary that various commentators have questioned Milfort s veracity. There are, however, corroborative circumstances which confirm his statements, and induce us to give a fair degree of credence to his narrative. At the time of his arrival among the Creeks, a half-breed named McGillivray, had obtained so great an influence over them by his talent for organization, that he had actually acquired the rank of head chief. Milfort was received with great cordiality; married his Indian sister, and in a short time was made commander of the warriors of the nation. He led them against both the Spaniards and the Americans, and by his aid the Indians defeated the forces of each in several skirmishes Field. The truth is that Milfort was a hopeless liar; and as a result his book is one of the most interesting and curious books of French travel in America in the eighteenth century...his book is often hostile to the colonists. Certain descriptions of life among the Indians and frontiersmen are interesting. But what confidence can be placed in a man who was capable of describing how he, in command of six thousand Indians, had defeated George Rogers Clark and an army of ten thousand regulars! Monaghan. It would take more time than I have so far been able to give to guess whether or not it is fiction Streeter. This book is dedicated to Napoleon; Milfort signs himself in print on the titlepage: Tasman ou grand Chef de guerre de la nation Crëck. The Siebert copy in 1999 was the first to have appeared at auction since the Streeter sale in 1967.

95 HOWES M599, b. SABIN FIELD SERVIES 761. ECHEVERRIA & WILKIE 802/37. GRAFF STREETER SALE SIEBERT SALE 606. MONAGHAN $ Mills, Robert: INLAND NAVIGATION. PLAN FOR A GREAT CANAL BETWEEN CHARLESTON AND COLUMBIA, AND FOR CONNECTING OUR WATERS WITH THOSE OF THE WESTERN COUNTRY. Columbia, S.C pp. plus errata page. Contemporary plain wrappers. Contemporary ownership inscription on wrapper, worn and chipped. Titlepage, preface leaf, and final blank wormed. Heavily tanned. Good. In a half morocco box. A significant contribution to the rush for internal improvements of the era, all hoping to facilitate commerce and transportation westward. Mills, the Commissioner of Public Works in South Carolina, published a similar but more general treatise in Baltimore the previous year. Here he focuses on South Carolina waterways, and advocates that a developed system of inland navigation will tie the manufacturing North with the raw material producing South, all working to supply the burgeoning West. Scarce. SABIN AMERICAN IMPRINTS $1500. First Newspaper Printing of the Monroe Doctrine 119. [Monroe, James]: NATIONAL INTELLIGENCER. PRESIDENT S MESSAGE... Washington. Dec. 4, pp. in National Intelligencer Vol. 24, No Folio. Dbd. Old folds and some light wrinkling. Very good. The second printing and first newspaper appearance of one of the most important foreign policy statements of the United States government. In this message to Congress, Monroe asserts that the Americas cannot be the subject of colonization by European powers, and that any European intervention in the Americas will be considered a manifestation of an unfriendly disposition towards the United States. Monroe delivered the Doctrine in his State of the Union message on Dec. 2, 1823, and it was first printed as a National Intelligencer Extra the same day. We are aware of only four copies of that printing, the Streeter copy (his sale, lot 1734, $3500 in 1967), now in the Scheide Library; a copy in the Gilder-Lehrman Collection; and two other copies, whereabouts unknown. This is the second printing, in a regular issue of the National Intelligencer for December 4. This printing seems to be from the same setting of type, with a slight rearrangement of the columns. It appears on page 4 of the issue and is suitable for broadside display. STREETER SALE 1734 (ref ). GROLIER AMERICAN 100, 33. $ Morse, Jedidiah: THE AMERICAN GAZETTEER, EXHIBIT- ING, IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER, A MUCH MORE FULL AND ACCURATE ACCOUNT, THAN HAS BEEN GIVEN, OF

96 THE STATES...INDIAN TRIBES, & NEW DISCOVERIES, ON THE AMERICAN CONTINENT, ALSO OF THE WEST-INDIA ISLANDS...AND THOSE NEWLY DISCOVERED IN THE PA- CIFIC OCEAN... Boston viii,[619]pp. printed in double columns, plus seven maps (six folding) and errata. Contemporary calf. Rubbed and scuffed, front board and front free endpaper detached, portion of spine perished. Moderate browning, one map with two-inch closed tear. Contemporary bookplate on front pastedown. Fair. First edition of Morse s ambitious work. The maps depict the southern U.S., the northern U.S., South America, North America, the Georgia Western Territory, the West Indies, and the New Discoveries East of New Holland and New Guinea. A marvelous geographical compendium. HOWES M839. SABIN EVANS FORBES 276. BEINECKE, LESSER ANTILLES COLLECTION 491. $750. New Hampshire Appoints Electors for the First Presidential Election 121. [New Hampshire]: [Election of 1788]: STATE OF NEW-HAMP- SHIRE. IN THE YEAR OF OUR LORD, ONE THOUSAND SEVEN HUNDRED AND EIGHTY-EIGHT. AN ACT, FOR CAR- RYING INTO EFFECT AN ORDINANCE OF CONGRESS OF

97 THE THIRTEENTH OF SEPTEMBER LAST, RELATIVE TO THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES [caption title]. Portsmouth, N.H. Nov. 12, Broadsheet, approximately 14¼ x 11¾ inches. Previously folded, with one small hole at lower central fold line. Slight curling at edges, very light tanning and foxing. Very good. A rare broadsheet calling for New Hampshire representatives to be appointed to the Electoral College for the first presidential election under the Constitution in On Sept. 13, 1788, Congress passed a resolution that electors should be appointed, and in response this November 12 act of the New Hampshire legislature declared December 15 as the date to elect the state s representatives to both houses of Congress and to determine its electors for the Electoral College. New Hampshire was the first of the ten states that had ratified the Constitution at this point to hold its federal elections. We locate only two other copies, at the American Antiquarian Society and Dartmouth. BRISTOL B6753. WHITTEMORE, NEW HAMPSHIRE 458. $7500. The 1792 Amendments to the New Hampshire Constitution 122. [New Hampshire]: ARTICLES IN ADDITION TO AND AMEND- MENT OF THE CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF NEW- HAMPSHIRE, AGREED TO BY THE CONVENTION OF SAID STATE, AND SUBMITTED TO THE PEOPLE THEREOF FOR THEIR APPROBATION. Exeter, N.H.: Henry Ranlet, ,1pp. Modern half morocco and marbled boards. Woodcut vignette on titlepage, two-column border at outer margin of text for the recording of town votes on each article. Ink library stamps on titlepage, minor chipping, light toning and foxing. This copy is accomplished throughout in manuscript, recording votes on the articles for the town of Raymond, Rockingham County, New Hampshire, with the final printed page also accomplished by Jonathan Swain, Raymond s town clerk. Untrimmed. Very good. The proposed amendments to the New Hampshire constitution from the state s constitutional convention of , one of two editions printed in In February of that year it was ordered that the state constitution and, separately, the articles of amendments be also printed and sent to the several towns and incorporated places, as soon as may be, to be laid before each town and unincorporated place, at a meeting of the inhabitants duly warned for that be separately voted upon by the qualified voters present. And the Clerk of such town or place shall seal up the articles of amendments, with the number of votes written down for or against each particular article, and cause return thereof to be made to the convention. This copy of the Articles, accomplished in manuscript throughout by Jonathan Swain, the town clerk of Raymond, New Hampshire records the results of that town s votes on each of the articles. EVANS SABIN ESTC W OCLC $900.

98 123. Nickolls, Robert Boucher: A LETTER TO THE TREASURER OF THE SOCIETY INSTITUTED FOR THE PURPOSE OF EF- FECTING THE ABOLITION OF THE SLAVE TRADE. London: Printed by James Phillips, pp. Contemporary marbled wrappers. Spine chipped, wraps faded and somewhat worn. Light soiling to titlepage, otherwise internally clean. Very good. A letter printed for distribution arguing in favor of the abolition of the transatlantic slave trade by England. Nickolls, describing himself as, a native of the West Indies, though established in this country, asserts that the prohibition of slave importation to the Caribbean, with the specific example of Barbados, would increase the value of slaves and reduce the debts of the planters. He also urges better treatment and diet for those currently enslaved in order to increase individual longevity and overall population, and as such clearly does not envision an end to the practice locally. Nickolls says he has also resided in the northern provinces of North America, where he argues the slaves age quickly because they are used to warm climates. ESTC T4828. SABIN $1500. The Superlatively Rare Carolina Constitutional Convention Proceedings, Failing to Ratify the Constitution 124. [North Carolina]: [United States Constitution]: PROCEEDINGS AND DEBATES OF THE CONVENTION OF NORTH-CARO- LINA, CONVENED AT HILLSBOROUGH, ON MONDAY THE 21st DAY OF JULY, 1788, FOR THE PURPOSE OF DELIBER- ATING AND DETERMINING ON THE CONSTITUTION AT PHILADELPHIA, THE 17th DAY OF SEPTEMBER, Edenton, N.C.: Hodge & Willis, pp. 19th-century three-quarter brown morocco and marbled boards, spine gilt, marbled edges. Head of spine renewed, corners lightly worn. Some minor foxing and light even toning. Very good. One of the rarest of works relating to the debates over the Federal Constitution, the journal of the debates held by North Carolina regarding its ratification. It publishes the proceedings of North Carolina s inconclusive first ratification convention, which took place in Hillsborough from July 21 to Aug. 2, The U.S. Constitution was published on Sept. 17, 1787 and passed along to the states for ratification. The Constitutional Convention had ruled

99 that, despite the wish for ratification to be unanimous, only nine of the thirteen states were required in order to pass the new constitution into law. North Carolina dragged its heels over the matter from the beginning and was the last of the states to call for a ratifying convention, on Dec. 6, By the time the state convention met the next July, eleven states had already ratified the federal document (New Hampshire on June 21, Virginia on June 25, and New York on July 26). Nonetheless, many considered ratification a necessary step before the state could join the Union. North Carolina was split between the pro-federalists, mainly low country planters and merchants, and anti-federalists, mostly poorer farmers from the Piedmont. Despite the eloquent arguments of James Iredell of Edenton, leader of the Federalist group, the convention foundered over concern for the protection of individual rights. On August 2 they agreed neither to ratify nor reject the Constitution proposed for the government of the United States. They did pass a Declaration of Rights, listing twenty basic liberties, and a proposed list of twenty-six amendments to the Federal Constitution. Most of these concerns ended up being addressed by the Bill of Rights. North Carolina was thus left in a strange limbo, generally treated as a state, but not seating delegates to the first session of the first federal Congress in the spring of When a new convention was scheduled for Nov. 17, 1789 in Fayetteville, Iredell and other Federalists paid to have the proceedings of the previous convention published and distributed, believing it supported their cause. This volume appeared on June 18, The second convention, no doubt buoyed by the passage of the Bill of Rights by the U.S. Congress, swiftly ratified the Constitution on November 21, becoming the twelfth state to do so. It then underscored the importance of the Bill of Rights in its decision by becoming the third state to ratify it, on Dec. 22. This work is one of the rarest of the state constitutional debates. We have handled only one other complete copy in the past. EVANS ESTC W McMURTRIE (NORTH CAROLINA) 144. SABIN $22,500. An Interesting North Carolina Periodical 125. [North Carolina]: [Slavery]: Henderson, Thomas, editor: THE STAR, A WEEKLY JOURNAL OF NEWS, POLITICKS, LITERATURE, AND THE USEFUL ARTS, FOR THE YEAR Volume IV. Raleigh [4],208pp. Folio. Original half calf and paper boards. Boards heavily worn, some chipping, joints partially split. A few short tears in text, long closed tear in one leaf, first few and last few leaves with heavy creasing, moderate foxing and tanning. A complete copy in good condition. A rare collection of this important southern periodical, with all fifty-two weekly issues, four pages each, from The Star was a unique enterprise, a North Carolina newspaper that set out to print solid news instead of focusing on rumors or stud horse advertisements. One of the editors main intentions was to provide

100 a platform for the advancement of agricultural interests in the state. The man who would be responsible for the success of the newspaper over its first fifteen years was Thomas Henderson, Jr., a North Carolina native who had printed newspapers since at least After he moved to Raleigh in 1807, Henderson formed a partnership with Dr. Calvin Jones to publish The Star. Their goal, stated in an announcement in the rival newspaper, the Raleigh Register, was to pursue a firm yet liberal line of conduct, often giving facts, more seldom opinions, and those ever so candid and dispassionate; solicitous always to stifle the baneful spirit of faction, and looking with a single eye to the happiness and honour of United America. To the modern sensibility, the highminded motives and intentions of the editors of The Star pale in comparison to the printed record of the business of slavery that survives in the newspaper s pages. Each issue contains multiple advertisements for slave auctions, rewards for the capture of runaway slaves, and notices of slaves caught and held in jails awaiting retrieval from their masters. Most of the runaway slave notices feature a small engraved image of a fleeing African-American beside the text. Rewards for runaway slaves vary from $10 to $100, depending on the slave s skill set and the rancor of the master. Many advertisements run for weeks at a time, sometimes using stronger language with each subsequent week. The July 10, 1812 issue lists a $100 reward for a runaway slave that encapsulates the tone of most of the slavery notices in The Star: Ranaway from the subscriber on the 6th of March last, a mulatto man by the name of Jack, well built, about five feet five or six inches high, 28 eight years of age, a tolerable shoe maker, and has been much in the habit of driving a wagon He has a scar on his forehead and a part of one of his upper foreteeth is broken off, one of his wrists broke and crooked, and his right leg pretty much shot with small shot which will shew very plainly. The advertisement continues for almost two column inches, providing details of Jack s suspected whereabouts and stating that he has been passing as a free man by the name of John Revill. Levi Whitted, the original subscriber who placed the advertisement lives in Knoxville, and he is requesting the advertisement run for six more weeks.

101 In addition to a wealth of information on the institution of slavery, this run of The Star also contains a voluminous number of reports on naval battles between the United States and the British and other news at the outset of the War of Several issues towards the end of the year contain a column devoted to the conflict called The War, with various reports and letters from combatants. An important southern newspaper with rich content on slavery, the War of 1812, contemporary politics and literature, and the southern way of life in the early 19th century. William S. Powell, Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, pp $ [Ohio Western Reserve]: REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE TO WHOM WAS REFERRED, ON THE 26th ULTIMO, THE CON- SIDERATION OF THE EXPEDIENCY OF ACCEPTING FROM THE STATE OF CONNECTICUT, A CESSION OF JURISDIC- TION OF THE TERRITORY WEST OF PENNSYLVANIA, COM- MONLY CALLED THE WESTERN RESERVE OF CONNECTI- CU T. [Philadelphia. 1800]. 31pp. Dbd. Fine. An important report summarizing the dispute between the charters of Pennsylvania and Connecticut over lands west of Pennsylvania which were claimed by both. A bill was introduced in Congress in 1799 authorizing the acceptance of cession by Connecticut of jurisdiction of the lands to the federal government, and the matter was referred to a committee, which decided the lands should be accepted and incorporated into the Northwest Territory, and that all land titles previously granted by Connecticut should be recognized. When Congress later passed the act, the Western Reserve came under federal jurisdiction, which elevated the population of the region to such a number that within a short period the eastern portion of the Northwestern Territory was able to apply for statehood under the terms of the Northwest Ordinance. The text includes a good amount of information on improvements that had been made by settlers and businessmen in what is present-day Ohio. EVANS ESTC W THOMSON 974. $850. One of the Most Influential Architectural Pattern Books in the United States 127. Pain, William: THE PRACTICAL HOUSE CARPENTER; OR, YOUTH S INSTRUCTOR: CONTAINING A GREAT VARIETY OF USEFUL DESIGNS IN CARPENTRY AND ARCHITEC- TURE...The Sixth Edition, with Additions. Philadelphia: Thomas Dobson, [36]pp. text (3 preliminary leaves numbered with roman numerals, followed by 15 leaves signed A-P), plus 148 engraved plates (numbered 1-146, plus 3 and 65 bis; 5 double-page, 2 folding). Quarto. Contemporary

102 calf, repairs to joints. Very good. In a red morocco backed box. Early architectural drawings and annotations throughout. Provenance: John Harbaugh (early signature). Although stated on the title as the sixth edition, this printing by Thomas Dobson in Philadelphia is just the second American edition, preceded only by a Boston edition the year prior. Pain s work was one of the most influential architecture books of the late 18th and early 19th centuries, and one of the earliest to be published in America. Pain was a British architect, joiner, and carpenter, and wrote several important works on these subjects. Pain s works were practical treatises, chiefly illustrated with floor plans and diagrams. This title eventually became the foundational text for Asher Benjamin s Country Builder s Assistant (1797), the first American book on architecture. The text contains floor plans and diagrams illustrating several buildings, including manor houses, a farm house, and a church, as well as designs for cornices, chimneys, doors, and staircases. All 18th-century American editions are rare, and few are found complete as the present. This copy with early provenance to John Harbaugh, who has identified himself below his signature as a Joyner. EVANS HITCHCOCK 898. RINK ESTC W $4000. New York Editions of Paine 128. Paine, Thomas: RIGHTS OF MAN: PART THE FIRST. BEING AN ANSWER TO MR. BURKE S ATTACK ON THE FRENCH REVO- LUTION. [bound with:] RIGHTS OF MAN; PART THE SECOND. COMBINING PRINCIPLE AND PRACTICE. [bound with:] LET-

103 TER ADDRESSED TO THE ADDRESSERS, ON THE PROCLA- MATION. [bound with:] DISSERTATION ON FIRST-PRINCIPLES OF GOVERNMENT. New York; London; New York; Paris ; [1795]. 76; 91,[3]; 38; 40pp. Contemporary calf; rebacked to style, preserving original leather label. Corners lightly worn. Light tanning, heavier to final leaves, moderate foxing. Very good. A sammelband of four works by Thomas Paine, which includes the two parts of Rights of Man (notably the first New York edition of part I), the Letter Addressed to the Addressers..., which is considered the third part of Rights of Man (also in the first New York edition), and his Dissertation on First-Principles... After Burke s expression of horror at violent revolution in his Reflection on the Revolution in France (1790), Paine responded with Rights of Man, wherein he took the argument to a higher level. With a force and clarity unequalled even by Burke, Paine laid down those principles of human rights where they must stand no matter what excesses are committed to obtain them PMM. In his Dissertation..., he attempted to influence the formation of the French constitution after the Revolution. ESTC W36944, T5879, W13296, T5825. GIMBEL 59, 66, 76, 95 (ref ). HOWES P19, P31, P32. EVANS 24650, $ Paine, Thomas: LETTER FROM THOMAS PAINE TO GEORGE WASHINGTON, DATED PARIS, JULY TO WHICH IS ADDED, THOMAS PAINE S LETTER, DATED FEDERAL CITY, NOV ALSO, HIS SPEECH IN THE NATIONAL CONVEN- TION ON THE TRIAL OF LOUIS XVI. Baltimore: G. Douglas, pp. Dbd. Contemporary ownership inscriptions on titlepage. Scattered foxing and soiling, two leaves dampstained. Good. A reprinting of Paine s letter to President Washington, first printed in 1797, in which Paine declares himself opposed to certain provisions of the Constitution and opposed to Washington s administration, for I know it to have been deceitful, if not even perfidious, as I shall shew in the course of this letter. SHAW & SHOEMAKER $850. The Pennsylvania Constitutional Convention of [Pennsylvania]: MINUTES OF THE CONVENTION OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA WHICH COM- MENCED AT PHILADELPHIA, ON TUESDAY THE TWEN- TY-FOURTH DAY OF NOVEMBER...FOR THE PURPOSE OF REVIEWING, AND IF THEY SEE OCCASION, ALTERING AND AMENDING, THE CONSTITUTION OF THIS STATE. [issued with:] MINUTES OF THE SECOND SESSION OF THE CON- VENTION OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA...

104 [bound with:] MINUTES OF THE GRAND COMMITTEE OF THE WHOLE CON- VENTION OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA... Philadelphia: Printed by Zachariah Poulson..., [1790]. 222,101pp. Contemporary calf, gilt, neatly rebacked with original label laid down, new rear endpaper. A few small leather fills on front cover, corners worn. Minor dampstain on titlepage and a handful of other leaves, light foxing, stab holes near gutter from previous stitching. Overall very good. The complete minutes of the 1789 convention to revise the 1776 Pennsylvania constitution. The new constitution was ratified in Often considered a conservative reaction against the excesses of democracy incorporated into the earlier 1776 constitution, the revised document created a bi-cameral legislature and vested strong executive power in the governor. With this constitution Pennsylvania went from the most egalitarian state government to the most reactionary. The proceedings of the convention were printed in three parts in folio, and Evans provides each with a separate entry, though the first two are paginated continuously. EVANS 22764, 22765, ESTC W36272, W SABIN $ [Pennsylvania]: Dallas, Alexander James: LAWS OF THE COM- MONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA... Philadelphia & Lancaster: Printed by Hall and Sellers (vols. 1-3) and Francis Bailey (vol. 4), Four volumes. Thick folio. Handsomely bound in antique-style three-quarter calf and marbled boards, leather label. Clean internally. Very good. An important compendium of Pennsylvania laws, covering legislation from 1700 through 1801, thereby including laws of the colonial, Revolutionary, and Federal eras. Alexander Dallas, who was Secretary of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, supervised the publication and would go on to serve as James Madison s Treasury Secretary. The third and fourth volumes are the session laws as originally issued bound up with a general title page and indices Tower. NAIP asserts that the first volume was actually published in 1795, though Governor Thomas Mifflin s authorization on the verso of the titlepage is dated The fourth volume in this set contains the ownership signatures of James Allison Jr. ( ), a lawyer who served in the United States House as a Jacksonian from Pennsylvania from 1823 to ESTC W6936. EVANS 29291, 32655, SHAW & SHOEMAKER TOWER 801. $1750.

105 132. [Pennsylvania]: [Charles, William]: DEMOCRACY AGAINST THE UNNATURAL UNION. TRIAL OCTR. 14th 1817 [caption title]. [Philadelphia?: William Charles, 1817]. Etching, 16 x 11½ inches. Small chip in lower right corner, small bit of wear in upper right corner. Near fine. Matted. A rare print satirizing the Pennsylvania gubernatorial election of 1817, and the fight for the nomination of the Democratic-Republican Party between William Findlay and Charles Hiester. William Murrell attributes the print to William Charles, who clearly favors Findlay and charges Hiester with various forms of corruption. There is no imprint in the etching, only the words, designed and executed by one who has neither place nor pension. The 1817 election marked Pennsylvania s first open political convention, and this print exposes the supposed purity and impurity of the two sides. Findlay is shown ascending on clouds toward the governor s chair, as his supporters (gathered around a platform or a ballot box) cheer him on as the voice of the people, and the candidate of true democracy who was free of bribery or corruption. Hiester is shown on the right side of the print, standing on a shaky foundation of Federalism and Old Schoolism, which is further supported by stacks of the United States Gazette and Aurora newspapers. Hiester s supporters appear downtrodden and reconciled to defeat, saying we must have recourse to all kinds of stratagem or we cannot succeed, and I would vote for Old Nick provided I could get a good office. Findlay won the Democratic-Republican nomination for governor over Hiester by a vote of 113 delegates to 39, and won the election of 1817, but he was defeated by Hiester in his bid for re-election in This is one of two states of the print, with the addition of roulette (or rocker work ) to reinforce the shading. OCLC locates only one copy of this print, at the American Antiquarian Society. Reilly notes that the Library of Congress has copies of the print in both states: one with and one without the roulette shading. Rare, and a very effective satire on an obscure but important political contest. MURRELL, p.95. WEITENKAMPF, p.20. REILLY, AMERICAN POLITICAL PRINTS, OCLC $2000.

106 With Art Work by Birch 133. [Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts]: FIFTH ANNUAL EXHIBI- TION OF THE PENNSYLVANIA ACADEMY OF THE FINE ARTS. MAY, Philadelphia pp. Dbd. Minor foxing. Very good. A catalogue for the 1815 exhibition of the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. The pamphlet lists the exhibits, including the Antique Saloon and Gallery, together accounting for over 160 individual drawings, engravings, prints, sculptures, and paintings. Among the paintings hanging in the gallery are several by Thomas Birch, including one titled, View of Market Street Bridge. Birch, along with his father, was responsible for the first American color plate book, The City of Philadelphia, fifteen years earlier. Birch also curated this exhibition, according to the list of officers printed at the beginning of the text. There was also a statue of Washington carved in wood by William Rush, and portraits by Sully and Stuart. A rare work, with only digital copies listed in OCLC over six records, and a useful source for provenance research into early Pennsylvania artworks. SHAW & SHOEMAKER $1500. In a Contemporary Leather Dust Jacket 134. Perry, William. THE ROYAL STANDARD ENGLISH DICTION- ARY...The Fourth American Worcester Edition. Worcester, Ma. Isaiah Thomas, [4],596pp. Contemporary leather binding, covered by a contemporary buckskin leather book cover, stitched on. Corners of cover rubbed, covers a bit stained. Foot of spine chipped. Contemporary ownership inscription on titlepage; bookplate affixed to verso of titlepage. Some minor foxing, but overall, fairly clean internally. Very good. An interesting example of an improvised leather dust jacket on an 18th century American book. The fourth Worcester edition of this standard dictionary. Beyond the standard pronunciation guides, the work also includes, The Scripture proper names in the Old and New Testaments. Names of the principal cities, rivers, mountains, &c. in the known world. Also, the Ancient and Modern Poets, Philosophers, and Statesmen, &c. With their proper Pronunciation pointed out. Thomas printed several editions of this work, including the first American edition in EVANS $750. Improvements on the Franklin Stove 135. [Pettibone, Daniel]: PETTIBONE S ECONOMY OF FUEL; OR, DESCRIPTION OF HIS IMPROVEMENTS OF THE RAR- EFYING AIR-STOVES...OR COMMON FIRE PLACES...FOR WARMING AND VENTILATING HOSPITALS, CHURCHES...

107 &c. WITH OR WITHOUT THE APPLICATION OF STEAM... ALSO, AN EXTRACT FROM JAMES SHARP S LONDON EDI- TION OF HIS IMPROVEMENTS ON THAT OF DR. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN. Philadelphia ,[4]pp. Dbd. Some foxing, mild staining to first few leaves. Very good. The second edition, and thus a more detailed account of Daniel Pettibone s research into the improvement of artificial heat, including the application of steam. Pettibone was a skilled metal worker, sword and gunsmith, and amateur inventor who called himself a mechanician. He invented the warm-air furnace, which he called a rarefying air-stove, the first successful central heating system in the United States. A self-aggrandizing selection of research, with a fair bit on how his inventions improve upon those of Franklin, and including commendatory quotations from a variety of notable sources. Also includes one small woodcut illustration on page 45 depicting a minor Pettibone invention. This work is rare in the market, and rather scarce in institutions, as well, with only fourteen copies listed in OCLC under several records. RINK SHAW & SHOEMAKER $2500. The First Bound Book Issued in Upstate New York 136. Pickering, Timothy: POLITICAL ESSAYS. A SERIES OF LET- TERS ADDRESSED TO THE PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES. Canandaigua: Printed and sold by J.D. Bemis, pp. Contemporary calf, spine gilt, leather label. Corners and edges lightly worn. Contemporary ownership ink stamp on top edge. Light toning to text. Very good. The first American edition, following the London edition of the previous year. This book is notable as the first bound book printed in western New York. This copy is especially remarkable for being in its original binding. In this collection of essays Pickering vents his strong anti-jefferson and anti- Madison opinions, including his views on the Embargo, the circumstances of his dismissal from office by John Adams, and the approaching war with England. After Alexander Hamilton s death, Pickering, who had been the third Secretary of State (under Washington and Adams), and who also represented Massachusetts in the United States House and Senate, became a prominent Federalist spokesman. He was a leader in the movement to have New England secede from the Union (via the Essex Junto and the Hartford Convention) in the years leading up to the War of The fact that this volume was printed in Canandaigua, in far western New York, in the year of the outbreak of the war, is interesting evidence of the Federalists attempt to spread their philosophy to the American frontier. McMURTRIE (CANANDAIGUA) 16. HOWES P339. SABIN SHAW & SHOEMAKER $1250.

108 Rare Spanish Printing of Pinckney s Treaty 137. [Pinckney s Treaty]: REAL CEDULA DE S.M. Y SEÑORES DEL CONSEJO EN QUE SE MANDA OBSERVAR, Y GUARDAR EL TRATADO DE AMISTAD, LIMITES Y NAVEGACION CON- CLUIDO Y RATIFICADO ENTRE SU REAL PERSONA Y LOS ESTADOS UNIDOS DE AMÈRICA. Huesca: Por la Viuda de Miguel de Larumbe, [2],21pp. on folded sheets. Folio. Old stain on final leaf, affecting a few lines of text; light marginal stain on two leaves. Else near fine. In a half morocco box. A rare regional printing of this far-reaching treaty, comprising twenty-three articles and signed on Sept. 4, Senator Thomas Pinckney represented the United States in the difficult negotiations. Various clauses of the treaty define the boundaries of Florida, establish the Mississippi as the definite boundary between Spanish Louisiana and the settlements of the United States and, most significantly, secure common navigation of the Mississippi for Americans and Spaniards. After 1783, Spain had asserted her absolute right to the navigation of the Mississippi. To the western settler the Alleghenies and the bad roads were enough to cut off any route to market other than down the river, and it was not easy to restrain acts of forcible defiance of the Spanish claim. The northern states were willing to allow the Spanish claim in return for a commercial treaty, but the southern states protested angrily, and the question threatened the stability of the United States. The specter was not laid to rest until this treaty was negotiated and ratified, which had wide-reaching ramifications for American expansion. This printing is not in Palau, Medina, or Servies, nor on OCLC. Rare. PALAU (Madrid ed). MEDINA, BHA 5765 (Madrid ed). SERVIES 715 (Alaca ed). REESE, FEDERAL HUNDRED 62 (Madrid ed). $3750. A Critical Moment in the Abolition of the Slave Trade 138. Pitt, William: THE SPEECH OF THE RIGHT HONOURABLE WILLIAM PITT, ON A MOTION FOR THE ABOLITION OF THE SLAVE TRADE, IN THE HOUSE OF COMMONS ON MONDAY THE SECOND OF APRIL... London: Printed by James Phillips, pp. Dbd. Titlepage nearly detached and lightly foxed, else very good.

109 The debate of this date was one of the most important in the history of the antislavery struggle. It resulted in a victory for the colonial party, the latter securing a pledge from the House to support gradual rather than immediate abolition, as Wilberforce had desired. Pitt delivered his speech in support of Wilberforce at 4 a.m. Ragatz. Although immediate abolition did not result, Pitt throwing his support behind Wilberforce resulted in a compromise that set Great Britain irrevocably on the path to abolition. RAGATZ, p.539. $1000. Edgar Allan Poe s Copy 139. [Poe, Edgar Allan]: Caldwell, Charles: MEMOIRS OF THE LIFE AND CAMPAIGNS OF THE HON. NATHANIEL [sic] GREENE... Philadelphia xxiii,[1],452pp. plus portrait frontispiece and two folding facsimiles. Original green paper-covered boards, manuscript spine title. Spine chipped, extremities worn. Foxed, some leaves with faint dampstaining, 19th-century pencil inscriptions from George W. Ford Baltimore Maryland on front free endpaper, contemporary ink signature reading E.A. Poe on front pastedown. A good copy in original condition. Untrimmed. In a half morocco box. Edgar Allan Poe s copy of this engaging biography of Gen. Nathanael Greene, with descriptions of many of the major battles of the Revolution, in which Greene played a significant role. Poe has signed the front pastedown, E.A. Poe in dark ink. During his professional life, as an editor and literary critic, Poe read widely. He reviewed literature and poetry, but also a wide range of historical nonfiction such as Incidents of Travel in Central America, The Life of Petrarch, Memoirs of Lucien Bonaparte, A Life of Washington, and Notices of the War of 1812, among many others. Caldwell s history of Nathanael Greene would have fit nicely into Poe s voracious reading habits. The contemporary pencil notations from another Baltimore owner on the front free endpaper lends credence to Poe s ownership of the book. An excellent copy of Caldwell s work on Greene, with a fascinating American literary association. SABIN HOWES C21. SHAW & SHOEMAKER $14, Ramsay, David: HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES, FROM THEIR FIRST SETTLEMENT AS ENGLISH COLONIES, IN 1607, TO THE YEAR 1808, OR THE THIRTY-THIRD OF THEIR SOVEREIGNTY AND INDEPENDENCE. Philadelphia: M. Carey, Three volumes. xxvii,418; [8],445,[3]; [12],xliv,368,lxxxvi,[2]pp. Later half roan and cloth boards, spines gilt. Cloth lightly dampstained, spines

110 rubbed and slightly chipped, hinges cracking but solid. Contemporary ownership inscription on titlepages, slightly trimmed. Toning and foxing. Good. First edition of this classic account of the initial years of the United States, by one of the first major historians of the American Revolution. The author, David Ramsay, was a fairly prolific writer, also publishing a history of the Revolution itself, a history of South Carolina, his home state, and a biography of George Washington, as well as several other works. He wrote with great first-hand knowledge of events, having served in the South Carolina state legislature during the Revolution. He also volunteered as a field surgeon for the southern American forces, but was captured in 1780, and spent a year at St. Augustine before he was exchanged. This grander history of the first thirty-three years of the Republic was published posthumously a year after his death. HOWES R37. SHAW & SHOEMAKER SABIN $1250.

111 Rhode Island Fashions Its Own Bill of Rights While Trying to Ratify the Constitution 141. [Rhode Island]: THE BILL OF RIGHTS, AND AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES, AS AGREED TO BY THE CONVENTION OF THE STATE OF RHODE-ISLAND AND PROVIDENCE-PLANTATION AT SOUTH-KINGSTOWN, IN THE COUNTY OF WASHINGTON, ON THE FIRST MONDAY OF MARCH, A.D [caption title]. [Providence: John Carter, March 6, 1790]. Broadside, 16½ x 13¾ inches. Archivally matted to 30 x 26 inches. Text printed in three columns. Old fold lines. Wear and minor loss at some folds, affecting a few words of text. Reinforced at folds on verso. Minor soiling. Very good. A very rare broadside printing of Rhode Island s proposed alterations and additions to the already ratified Federal Constitution and Bill of Rights, issued at the time of the ratifying convention of that state. The broadside illustrates the struggle between federal control and individual liberties which made the passage of the Constitution a very closely contested issue. When the Constitution was submitted to the states for ratification, many perceived that the new compact lacked guarantees of fundamental rights. In certain states, ratification was made contingent upon the addition of corrective amendments. Massachusetts, Virginia, South Carolina, New Hampshire, New York, and Rhode Island all submitted drafts of protections to be incorporated in the Constitution. These competing texts were, in many cases, radically different from each other, and it was the thorny task of a Committee of the House of Representatives to reconcile them into seventeen amendments constituting the initial Bill of Rights. This was soon pared to twelve by the Senate, only ten of which were ultimately ratified by the states. The Federal Bill of Rights was sent to the states on Sept. 26, At this point eleven states had ratified the Constitution, leaving only North Carolina and Rhode Island outside. North Carolina ratified both the Constitution and the Bill of Rights in the fall of 1789, and a total of seven states ratified the Bill of Rights by the beginning of March On March 1, 1790, Rhode Island finally convened a state ratifying convention, which immediately went to work on the present document, which it passed on March 6. This version of the Bill of Rights, called a Declaration of Rights, lists eighteen items, as does the section of proposed amendments. Among the rights claimed by the citizens of Rhode Island are the right to life, liberty, and happiness; the right to elect officials; the right to fair trial by jury, freedom from unlawful imprisonment, and freedom from cruel and unusual punishment or fines; freedom of speech and the press; the right to bear arms (as well as the right to employ someone to bear arms in one s stead); and freedom of religion. The amendments proposed guarantee various states rights and freedom from the interference of the federal government, and several place requirements on Congress for a majority vote before declaring

112 war, overturning laws, or borrowing money. Perhaps most interestingly, amendment seventeen concerns slavery: As a traffic tending to establish or continue the slavery of any part of the human species, is disgraceful to the cause of liberty and humanity that Congress shall, as soon as may be, promote and establish such laws and regulations as may effectually prevent the importation of slaves of every description into the United States. Not quite three months later, on May 29, 1790, Rhode Island attached a nearly identical set of these recommendations to Rhode Island s tardy ratification to the Constitution, with the request that they somehow be incorporated. This final vote only barely succeeded, by thirty-two to thirty. Many of the amendments, in their final form, parallel the Bill of Rights. A week later, on June 7, the convention decided to accept the federal version and became the ninth state to do so. The Bill of Rights became the law of the land with Virginia s ratification on Dec. 15, NAIP locates only six copies, at the Huntington, Library of Congress, Rhode Island Historical Society, Rhode Island State Library, Westerly Public Library, and the American Antiquarian Society. A rare and important document central to the ratification of the Constitution by the last of the original thirteen states to do so. EVANS ALDEN $37, Ricardo, David: ON THE PRINCIPLES OF POLITICAL ECONO- MY, AND TAXATION. Georgetown, D.C.: Published by Joseph Milligan, viii,448,[8]pp. Antique-style half calf and marbled boards. Moderate tanning and foxing. Very good. First American edition, after the first London edition of Ricardo ( ) made a fortune in the London Stock Exchange before he reached the age of twentyfive, was elected to Parliament, and is considered the first scientific economist. The fundamental ground-work of the Principles is based on the theory that, given free competition in trade, the exchange value of commodities will be determined by the amount of labour expended in production: not a wholly original thesis, nor one capable of absolute expression, but one which was given new force by the theory of distribution with which Ricardo reinforced it PMM. PRINTING AND THE MIND OF MAN 277 (London ed). SHAW & SHOEMAKER $2250. An American Cartographic Cornerstone 143. Scott, Joseph: THE UNITED STATES GAZETTEER: CONTAIN- ING AN AUTHENTIC DESCRIPTION OF THE SEVERAL STATES. THEIR SITUATION, EXTENT, BOUNDARIES, SOIL, PRODUCE, CLIMATE, POPULATION, TRADE AND MANU- FACTURES. TOGETHER WITH THE EXTENT, BOUNDAR- IES AND POPULATION OF THEIR RESPECTIVE COUNTIES.

113 ALSO, AN EXACT ACCOUNT OF THE CITIES, TOWNS, HAR- BOURS, RIVERS, BAYS, LAKES, MOUNTAINS, &c. Philadelphia: F. and R. Bailey, Engraved title, [iii]-vi, errata leaf, blank leaf, [292]pp. Nineteen engraved folding maps (four with hand-coloring), including the large folding frontispiece map. 12mo. Contemporary tree sheep, expertly rebacked to style, red morocco label. Upper blank corner of title trimmed, tissue repairs to separations to the folding map, else very good. The first gazetteer of the United States, with an important series of engraved American maps. These, with the maps in Carey s American Atlas that were issued the same year, represent a major step forward in American cartography. Scott s maps cover the United States in general, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, New Jersey, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Vermont, Virginia, the Northwest Territory, and the Southwest Territory. An important early work of U.S. cartography and among the earliest mappings of each state. HOWES S237. SABIN EVANS CLARK III:123. WHEAT & BRUN 125. REESE, FEDERAL HUNDRED 54. $7500. Early American Novel Set in China 144. Sherburne, Henry: THE ORIENTAL PHILANTHROPIST, OR TRUE REPUBLICAN. Portsmouth, N.H.: Wm. Treadwell & Co., ,[1]pp. Contemporary sheep, gilt leather label. Boards quite scuffed, half

114 of spine label chipped away and much of spine leather as well. Age-toned, with foxing. Still, a good copy. An early American novel set in China, and an early work of fiction printed in New Hampshire. In his preface Sherburne informs the reader that he seeks to offer instruction and examples to Americans by using the method of allegory, or fable, and as a result he has chosen to set his tale in China, where the most stupendous fabulous legends originated. In that vein, there are also several references to Persia and genies. This is one of two states of the first edition, with a prospectus for another work printed on the verso of the final page. EVANS ESTC W WRIGHT I:2382. SABIN BRINLEY SALE $1250. Rare Southern Indian Captivity 145. Smith, Mary: AN AFFECTING NARRATIVE OF THE CAPTIVI- TY & SUFFERINGS OF MRS. MARY SMITH, WHO, WITH HER HUSBAND AND THREE DAUGHTERS WERE TAKEN PRIS- ONERS BY THE INDIANS IN AUGUST LAST (1814) AND...WAS FORTUNATELY RESCUED FROM THE MERCILESS HANDS OF SAVAGES BY A DETACHED PARTY OF THE ARMY OF THE BRAVE GENERAL JACKSON, LATE COMMANDING AT NEW-ORLEANS. Providence: Printed for L. Scott, [1816?] 24pp. Lacks folding frontispiece (provided in photostatic facsimile). Modern three-quarter brown morocco and cloth, spine gilt. Bookplate of Frank Cutter Deering on front pastedown. Text tanned and lightly foxed. Good plus. Mrs. Smith and her family were taken captive by the Chickasaws near the Yazoo in Her husband was used for tomahawk throwing practice and her three daughters were burned in front of her. She was saved from a similar fate by the raid of a company of Tennessee troops. This captivity tale was first published in Providence in The narrative was apparently a bestseller for its day, as at least seven editions appeared by 1818, all of which are rare today. The printer, Scott, produced several twenty-four-page and thirty-two-page editions with a new woodcut frontispiece and variant titlepages; some include the text about the murder of thirty people after Mrs. Smith escaped. The present edition was printed after Jackson s defeat of the British at the Battle of New Orleans on Jan. 8, 1815, as reflected in the title. Rare. Not in Ayer. HOWES S638, b. SABIN $5000.

115 Presentation Copy 146. Spalding, Lyman: AN INAUGURAL DISSERTATION ON THE PRODUCTION OF ANIMAL HEAT: READ AND DEFENDED AT A PUBLIC EXAMINATION, HELD BY THE MEDICAL PROFESSORS...AND THE GOVERNORS OF HARVARD COL- LEGE... Walpole, N.H pp. [bound with:] A NEW NOMEN- CLATURE OF CHEMISTRY... Hanover, N.H. [1799]. [6] leaves. Small quarto, folded to fit with the smaller 1797 pamphlet. 19th-century marbled wrappers. Minor rubbing and edge wear. Tiny, unobtrusive pinhole throughout. Imprint date of second work trimmed away, to fit it with the first work. Very good. An inscribed pair of early works by Lyman Spalding, with an unusual early New Hampshire imprint. The first is an early American medical imprint on the production of animal heat, given as a dissertation for the degree of Bachelor of Medicine at Harvard in The second work, dedicated to the chemistry students at Dartmouth College, is basically a glossary of chemistry terms laid out in tables, listing the current names and ancient names of hundreds of chemicals. An especially desirable copy of the two works, inscribed by the author on the front blank: To the Editors of the Medical & Chirurgical Review. Gentlemen, Please to accept the first (tho not the [?]) offerings of a youth, whose crude ideas want maturation. From the Author. Portsmouth, N.H. 10 June, Rare, with fewer than ten copies of the first work listed in OCLC over several records, none of which appear to be inscribed. OCLC lists only digital copies of the second work. Inaugural: EVANS AUSTIN SABIN ESTC W New Nomenclature: EVANS SABIN COLE, CHEMICAL LITERATURE BOLTON I:77. BLAKE, p.426. ESTC W $ Sullivan, James: OBSERVATIONS UPON THE GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. Boston: Printed and sold by Samuel Hall, pp. Lacks half title. Late 19th-century three-quarter red morocco and marbled boards, spine gilt. Spine ends chipped, hinges and corners worn. Light foxing and toning, heavier to outer leaves. Good plus. Untrimmed. This anti-federalist tract discusses the question of whether the separate states, as states, were liable to any tribunal by civil process, or whether they were an assemblage of republics, held together as a nation by the United States, or one republic made

116 up of corporations. A successful country lawyer of Irish extraction, James Sullivan rose to become a prominent jurist, representative, historian, and noted patriot. He was a key figure in the American Revolution, and ended his career as governor of Massachusetts. An important early constitutional discussion. HOWES S1123. EVANS ESTC W $ [Sweeting, Whiting]: THE NARRATIVE OF WHITING SWEET- ING, WHO WAS EXECUTED AT ALBANY, THE 26th OF AU- GUST, 1792 [sic]. CONTAINING AN ACCOUNT OF HIS TRIAL BEFORE THE SUPREME COURT OF JUDICATURE OF THE STATE OF NEW-YORK, AT THE JULY TERM, 1791, FOR THE MURDER OF DARIUS QUIMBY... Providence: Bennett Wheeler, pp. Dbd. Tanned, scattered foxing, a couple short closed marginal tears, first and last leaves repaired. Good. A scarce near-contemporary reprint edition of this extremely popular late 18thcentury convict s narrative. McDade describes this work as probably the most frequently reprinted murder pamphlet in American criminal history. He records three 1791 editions, four 1792 edition (including one published in Providence), and seven additional printings which appeared between 1793 and 1797, including the present example. Whiting Sweeting was charged with the murder of Darius Quimby, who was killed in the course of Sweeting s arrest on a separate charge. The Narrative... begins with an account of the trial, including testimony against Sweeting, the prisoner s defense to the jury, and the concluding remarks and the guilty verdict of the chief justice. The majority of the text, however, is dedicated to Sweeting s own account. This includes an Address to the Public and Application, concerned with the disastrous consequences of a sinful life and the need to always live a proper religious life; and separate addresses to his parents, his brothers and sisters, his wife, and extended family members. Several portions of the prisoner s narrative are presented as verse. The text concludes with a short account of the life, conversation, parting advice, and execution of Whiting Sweeting, by William Carter. A rare edition of a popular criminal narrative. OCLC records just four total copies, at the Harvard Law School Library, Brown University, and two at the Library of Congress; McDade adds one at Boston University. McDADE 960(k). EVANS OCLC , $1000. The Beginning of the Topographical Engineers 149. [Tatham, William]: STATEMENT EXPLANATORY OF THE PUB- LIC INTEREST IN WILLIAM TATHAM S TOPOGRAPHICAL AND OTHER EMPLOYMENTS, IN AID OF THE DEPART- MENT OF WAR... Washington, D.C pp. Dbd. Some foxing and dampstaining. Good plus.

117 A rare pamphlet in support of Tatham s goal of the establishment of a topographical depot on public account. Among other proposals, Tatham suggests that the federal government might, through liberal compensation, acquire his private library of topographic surveys and military plans as the basis for a national repository. Tatham was a persistent pursuer of Federal appointments. After serving in the Continental Army during the Revolution, he was active as a surveyor. When Jefferson, who he had evidently known for some time, became Secretary of State, Tatham badgered him for jobs, and secured a position laying out post roads. Later, when Jefferson was President, he became a commissioner of surveys of the Carolina coast. Tatham sought similar employment under Madison. Between 1790 and 1809 he must have amassed a body of material, including plans for defending the Chesapeake during a war, as well as a number of other military plans, some of them obviously impractical. He does not seem to have succeeded in selling any of this to the government. Rare, with only one copy in OCLC, at the American Antiquarian Society. Not in Shaw & Shoemaker. OCLC $750. A Highly Influential Statement of States Rights 150. Taylor, John, of Caroline: CONSTRUCTION CONSTRUED, AND CONSTITUTIONS VINDICATED. Richmond [2],iv,344pp. Contemporary mottled calf, spine gilt, leather label. Light chipping and wear to spine. Contemporary ownership markings on fly leaves. Minor insect damage to outer margin of first few leaves. Moderate foxing throughout, as is typical. Very good. An important work by America s great proponent of agrarian liberalism. Taylor was an important Constitutional theorist and states rights advocate. He believed the greatest danger to American democracy lay in consolidation and in the creation of an aristocracy of paper and patronage. This work is one of several in which Taylor sets forth his theory of the U.S. Constitution and related federal government policies (e.g. taxation, banking, and tariffs). It is also one of his rarest works, far harder to find than his New Views of the Constitution, Tyranny Unmasked, or others. HOWES T59, aa. SABIN HAYNES DAB XVIII, pp $1750. The Father of American Libertarianism 151. Taylor, John, of Caroline: NEW VIEWS ON THE CONSTITU- TION OF THE UNITED STATES. Washington City: Printed for the Author, [4],316pp. Contemporary sheep, leather label. Head of spine chipped, corners bumped. Hinges cracked. Contemporary bookplate of Richard D. Spaight, Jr. on front pastedown, ownership inscription on titlepage. Pencil notations on fly leaf. Moderate to heavy foxing throughout. Good.

118 The fourth and last of Taylor s full-scale books on the Constitution, in which he fully expounds his philosophy of government. Taylor was one of the major political theorists of the early United States, as well as the most articulate and persuasive exponent of the states rights, agrarian school. This copy bears the bookplate of Richard D. Spaight, Jr., a senator and governor of North Carolina in the mid-19th century. HOWES T64. SABIN COHEN $2750. Arguing for the Rights of Inventors 152. [Technology]: REMARKS ON THE RIGHTS OF INVENTORS, AND THE INFLUENCE OF THEIR STUDIES IN PROMOTING THE ENJOYMENTS OF LIFE, AND PUBLIC PROSPERITY. Boston: Printed by E. Lincoln, pp. Dbd. Titlepage and final leaf loose and tanned, but present. Good. A scarce and early treatise on the rights and importance of inventors, delivered as an address at a meeting of patentees and proprietors of patents convened in Boston on Dec. 22, The anonymous author argues the importance of promoting useful arts, the need to protect the intellectual property of inventors in order to nurture and encourage their pursuits, and the necessity of strong and lengthy patent laws. Not in Rink. A noteworthy work on the importance of promoting American inventions. SABIN COHEN AMERICAN IMPRINTS $1000. The 1803 Roulstone Laws of Tennessee 153. [Tennessee Laws]: LAWS OF THE STATE OF TENNESSEE. [bound with:] ACTS PASSED AT THE FIRST SESSION OF THE FIFTH GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE STATE OF TENNESSEE... Knoxville: Printed and published by George Roulstone, viii,320,[16]; 143,xi pp. Contemporary reverse calf. Spine slightly chipped, boards rubbed, corners lightly worn. Remnants of shelf label and manuscript date on spine. Later ownership inscription on front pastedown and annotation on titlepage. Initial leaves dampstained. Browning and scattered foxing. Final leaf of second work detached and in facsimile (contains only a dozen lines of index). Very good in original condition, untrimmed. In a half morocco box. The first collected laws of the state of Tennessee, and a work of considerable rarity. Allen notes that this was not an official publication of the state, but issued by Roulstone, Tennessee s first printer, as a speculative venture. Because all previous issues of the Tennessee press were either pamphlets, broadsides, or legislative journals, this has been called the first book printed in Tennessee. Allen asserts, however, that Roulstone may have previously bound together some early Legislative Acts printed

119 in Knoxville before Possibly it is the first bound book printed in the state. The fact that it was issued bound (increasing the possibility of survival) and the knowledge that Roulstone printed the book as a personal venture should render this book somewhat more likely to be found. Nonetheless, it is virtually never offered for sale today Allen. This copy bears the ownership inscription of Edward T. Sanford, a prominent Knoxville lawyer, who served as Assistant Attorney General from 1905 to 1907 and as a Supreme Court Justice from 1923 to It is also bound with a copy of the acts passed in the first session of the state legislature in the same year, very scarce in and of itself. A primary work of much importance and rarity, with an interesting Tennessee provenance. ALLEN RARITIES 13. ALLEN TENNESSEE IMPRINTS 79, 72. AII (TENNESSEE) 22, 46. McMURTRIE (TENNESSEE) 38, 42. $12, [Tennessee Newspaper]: THE CLARION, & TENNESSEE STATE GAZETTE. Vol. VI. NASHVILLE (TEN.), TUESDAY, SEPTEM- BER, Nashville. Sept. 13, Broadsheet, approximately 17¼ x 12¼ inches, printed in five columns. Previously folded. A few small separations and chips along old folds, lower right corner chipped, slightly affecting text. Tanning and dust soiling. Good. A significant and very scarce copy of an early Tennessee newspaper, announcing the death of Tennessee founding father James Robertson. He has been variously described as the Father of Tennessee, the Father of Middle Tennessee, and the Founder of Nashville...By 1771 [his] family had crossed the Blue Ridge Mountains. They settled in the vicinity of Sycamore Shoals on the Watauga River, not far from present-day Johnson City, and Robertson immediately became active in the development of the first major settlement in what later became the state of Tennessee...After nearly a decade on the Watauga, Robertson migrated 200 miles westward to establish a settlement on the Cumberland River. He had explored the area as early as 1778, and in the spring of 1779 he returned to plant a crop of corn and establish the nucleus of Fort Nashborough ANB. The paper, printed with black mourning borders, laments the loss of the Tennessee pioneer, and devotes four of the five columns on the recto to an account of his accomplishments. The important & long faithful services of the deceased; the sacrifices he made of time and health, to promote our prosperity, require that we should not omit a tribute of respect to his memory at this distressing moment. The remaining space is devoted to news of developments in the War of 1812 and bulletins from abroad, and includes several advertisements and want notices. Chronicling America locates only one copy of this issue, at the Library of Congress. $1750.

120 Rare Anti-Slavery Tract by the First Architect of the Capitol 155. [Thornton, William]: POLITICAL ECONOMY: FOUNDED IN JUSTICE AND HUMANITY. IN A LETTER TO A FRIEND. By W.T. Washington: Printed by Samuel Harrison Smith, pp. Expertly bound to style in period tree sheep and marbled boards. Very good. A powerful anti-slavery tract by William Thornton, the great Federal-era polymath and designer of the United States Capitol. Thornton was born in 1759 in the British Virgin Islands, scion of a Tortola-based Quaker family and heir to a slave-worked sugar plantation. Sent to England at the age of five, Thornton did not return to Tortola until 1786, whereupon he began to sense the incommensurability of his Quaker values and the source of his income. Later that year, he emigrated to the U.S. and by 1788 was actively involved in the movement to free slaves through African colonization. In the present pamphlet, Thornton advocates abolition, asking how, [a]fter the Americans, in the conscious pride of nature, declared to the whole world, in their great charter of independence, that every man is equally entitled to the protection of life, liberty and prosperity...the negroes are still in slavery (p.[3]). SABIN SHAW & SHOEMAKER DAB XVIII, pp $ [Thornton, William]: TO THE MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES OF THE UNITED STATES. GENTLE- MEN, I CONSIDER IT AS A DUTY...TO CORRECT SOME UNFOUNDED STATEMENTS MADE BY MR. BENJAMIN H. LATROBE...[caption title]. [Washington. 1805]. 12pp. Dbd. Contemporary inscription, Honor.ble Mr. Bradley Senator of the United States, in upper margin of first page. Marginal tears, between 1 and 2 inches, in lower gutter of terminal two leaves, affecting a few characters of text. Else very good. Letter to the House of Representatives by William Thornton, designer of the United States Capitol building, responding to criticisms of his plans by Superintendent of Construction Benjamin Latrobe. Thornton, a brilliant polymath and self-taught architect, was a late entry in a contest to design the federal legislature announced in Praised by both President Washington and Thomas Jefferson, Thornton s design won the competition and was gradually realized over the next three decades. The plans and the construction were fraught with problems, however, owing to structural and practical flaws in the amateur Thornton s design, faulty building in the first phases of construction, and struggles among the project s various actors. The first Superintendent of Construction, Eugene Hallet, a professional architect who had lost to Thornton in the contest, was accused of attempting to replace Thornton s designs with his own during the revision process and was replaced with George Hadfield, who resigned in 1798 out of frustration with the design and the quality of construction. In 1803, Benjamin Latrobe was finally hired as Superintendent, a position he would hold until the War of 1812, when construction in the capital was put to a halt. The debates between Thornton and the executors of the construc-

121 tion renewed when Latrobe submitted a report to Congress in 1804 criticizing the design. The present letter, signed by Thornton on Jan. 1, 1805, initiated a pamphlet controversy with Latrobe, who received Jefferson s somewhat qualified support and emerged embittered but victorious (DAB XVII, p.505). In 1815, following heavy destruction of the building by the British, Latrobe returned to the project as the new architect of the capitol, rebuilding with significantly greater freedom for the use of his own discretion in revising the designs. A rare document, with Sabin, Shaw and Shoemaker, and OCLC together locating four copies, at the Boston Athenaeum, University of Michigan, Yale, and the Library of Congress. The present copy bears the contemporary ink ownership inscription (presumably in a clerical hand) of Stephen Row Bradley, U.S. Senator from Vermont from 1791 to 1795 and from 1801 to SABIN SHAW & SHOEMAKER 9477, DAB XI, pp.20-25; XVIII, pp $ Tytler, James: PAINE S SECOND PART OF THE AGE OF REA- SON ANSWERED. Salem: Thomas C. Cushing, pp. Modern plain paper wrappers. First and last leaf backed with tissue; closed tear repaired on titlepage, some loss to top edge of final leaf, not affecting text. Minor soiling and wear otherwise. About very good. In a cloth clamshell case, leather label. Pamphlet attacking Thomas Paine s Age of Reason, written by Scottish radical James Tytler. Tytler ( ) was the second editor of the Encyclopædia Britannica, the first Briton to make a manned hot air balloon flight, and a perpetual debtor. Increasingly in favor of democratic sentiment, including support for the French Revolution, he emigrated to Salem in 1795 where he eked out a living doing hack journalism and publishing political pamphlets. He wrote several pamphlets, such as this one, attacking Paine s philosophy of deism. EVANS ESTC W $850. Before the Caning of Charles Sumner, There Was the Caning of Matthew Lyon 158. [United States Congress]: [Political Cartoon]: CONGRESSIONAL PUGILISTS [caption title]. Philadelphia Etching, 8¼ x 10 inches. Margins slightly trimmed, some spotting, two short closed marginal tears, contemporary ink chronology of the events leading to the fight. Overall very good. Mounted and framed. A famous cartoon depicting one of the most violent political episodes in the early history of the United States the fight between Congressmen Matthew Lyon and Roger Griswold on the floor of the House of Representatives. The episode points out the roiling enmity between Jeffersonian Republicans and Federalists in the era of the Alien and Sedition Acts. The immediate cause of the brawl was a personal

122 insult. Shortly after taking a vote on the impeachment of Senator William Blount, Matthew Lyon, a Republican Representative from Vermont, called into question the honor of Connecticut Federalists. Roger Griswold, a Connecticut Federalist, replied by recalling an incident in which Lyon had supposedly been forced to wear a wooden sword as a mark of cowardice while in the Continental Army. Lyon s response was to spit in Griswold s face, after which the Connecticut Federalist left the House chamber. Two weeks later, on Feb. 15, 1798, Griswold attacked Lyon with a hickory walking stick, at which point Lyon grabbed a pair of tongs from the fireplace in Congress Hall and defended himself. It is this scene that is depicted in the print, with Griswold swinging his walking stick and kicking at Lyon, and Lyon swinging back with the tongs while a throng in the chamber looks on excitedly. Three of the onlookers, House Speaker Jonathan Dayton and the Clerk and Chaplain of the House, are all identified by name in the edge of the print. Fowble notes that two different cartoons of the brawl between Lyon and Griswold were produced, the other entitled Cudgeling as By Late Act in Congress. The anonymous artist who created Congressional Pugilists so exaggerated the features of the onlookers that they needed to be identified at the edge of the image. Reilly, in his catalogue of American political prints in the Library of Congress, describes three different states of Congressional Pugilists. This copy conforms to the third state, with the address S.E. Cor. 6th & Chesnut St. in the lower right corner and with the number 17 in the upper right. Of additional interest are the contemporary ink notations at bottom, being a timeline and related notes regarding Lyon and Griswold. The notes begin, Jan Matthew Lyon spat in Roger Griswold s face Feb. 15 Griswold assaults Lyon as above...

123 A great American political cartoon of the Federalist Era, showing the deep enmity involved in the nation s politics, even at an early date. WEITENKAMPF, p.12. FOWBLE 329. MURRELL, pp.43, 45. REILLY SNY- DER, pp EVANS REESE, FEDERAL HUNDRED 70. $ [United States First Congress]: JOURNAL OF THE SECOND SESSION OF THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, BEGUN AND HELD AT THE CITY OF NEW-YORK, JANUARY 4th, New York: John Fenno, pp. (pp misnumbered ). Expertly bound to style in half tan calf and period marbled boards, spine gilt with raised bands, original red morocco label. Very good. First issue of the Senate journal of the second session of the first Congress. Many important issues were settled in the discussions recorded herein, and many significant moments in the nation s history are treated in depth. Included are the first State of the Union Message, discussions of state surrender of western lands, notices of ratification of the Bill of Rights, and discussions concerning the seat of government and Hamilton s fiscal proposals. A highly important journal describing some of the founding legislation of the United States. EVANS ESTC W $ [United States First Congress]: JOURNAL OF THE THIRD SES- SION OF THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMER- ICA, BEGUN AND HELD AT THE CITY OF PHILADELPHIA, DECEMBER 6th, Philadelphia: John Fenno, pp. Folio. Contemporary sheep, expertly rebacked to style, spine with raised bands, red morocco label. Very good. The journal of the Senate recorded during the third session of the first Congress and including its response to a State of the Union address by Washington detailing issues with public credit and the northwest frontier; sundry acts authorizing the President to discharge foreign debts; and An Act Declaring the Consent of Congress, that a New State be Formed within the Jurisdiction of the Commonwealth of Virginia, and Admitted into this Union by the name of the State of Kentucky. In all, many important issues were settled in the discussions recorded here, and many significant events in the nation s history are treated in depth. ESTC W EVANS $ [United States Laws]: ACTS PASSED AT THE SECOND SESSION OF THE CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, BEGUN AND HELD AT THE CITY OF NEW-YORK, ON MON- DAY THE FOURTH OF JANUARY, IN THE YEAR M,DCC,XC; AND OF THE INDEPENDENCE OF THE UNITED STATES,

124 THE FOURTEENTH. PUBLISHED BY AUTHORITY. New York: Printed by Francis Childs and John Swaine, Printers to the Congress of the United States, [1790]. 226,[2]pp., with p.[228] numbered ccxxviii. Titlepage in facsimile. Folio. Gathered signatures, stitched. Final leaves foxed and tanned, with the last leaf chipped around the edges. A decent copy, lacking the titlepage. Untrimmed. This copy bears the contemporary ownership inscription of Reuben Attwater on the first page of text. This is likely the same Reuben Attwater who went on to play a role in the early government of Michigan Territory. The official record of the acts of Congress passed during the second session of the first Congress, which contains the Treaties and Conventions ratified with the several countries of Europe, and with the Indian tribes. As during the first session of the first Congress, many more fundamental acts of legislation were passed in this term, including the Census, naturalization law, the copyright bill, the settling of the District of Columbia as the seat of the new government, and various tariff and fiscal laws. An important volume in the early history of the United States, recording the official Acts passed in the earliest days of the federal government, here in gathered signatures, stitched as issued, with a contemporary inscription on the titlepage. EVANS ESTC W $8500. With Printings of Important American Treaties 162. [United States Laws]: ACTS PASSED AT THE SECOND SESSION OF THE SEVENTH CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES, BEGUN AND HELD AT THE CITY OF WASHINGTON, IN THE TERRITORY OF COLUMBIA, ON MONDAY, THE SIXTH OF DECEMBER, ONE THOUSAND EIGHT HUNDRED AND TWO. Richmond: Printed by Meriwether Jones, ,lxii,[2]pp. Folio. Expertly bound to style in period half tree calf and marbled boards, spine gilt, red morocco label. Very good. A very rare Virginia printing of the laws of the second session of the seventh United States Congress, with additional material on European and Indian treaties. The Seventh Congress was the first during which Thomas Jefferson was President. Printed here are the acts admitting the state of Ohio, with alterations of laws governing the Northwest and Southwest Territories, as well as other session laws. Importantly, this volume contains a series of important treaties. The Convention Between the French Republic and the United States of America (pp. i-xxiii) with both French and English texts, ratified in 1801, settled all the commercial and military disputes that had brought the two countries to the brink of war in the 1790s, and paved the way for the Louisiana Purchase. Next appears the newly ratified version of part of the Jay Treaty, also settling claims over commercial issues. Finally, there are printings of treaties made by President Jefferson with the

125 Chickasaw, Creek, Choctaw, and Seneca Indian tribes. OCLC records only four institutional copies, all in Virginia. Not in Shaw & Shoemaker. OCLC $5000. Running the Government 163. [United States Laws First Congress]: CONGRESS OF THE UNIT- ED STATES: AT THE SECOND SESSION, BEGUN AND HELD AT THE CITY OF NEW-YORK, ON MONDAY THE FOURTH OF JANUARY, ONE THOUSAND SEVEN HUNDRED AND NINETY. AN ACT MAKING APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE SUPPORT OF GOVERNMENT, FOR THE YEAR OF ONE THOUSAND SEVEN HUNDRED AND NINETY [caption title]. [New York]: Printed by Francis Childs and John Swaine, [1790]. [2]pp. on one leaf. Small folio. Dbd. Small contemporary numerical inscriptions. Three small tears, between ¼ and ½ inch in length, at edges, else near fine. Approved, March 26th, Congressional printing of an act passed by the second session of the First Congress, the last session to be held in New York. The law allocates monies collected from duties on imports and tonnage for various federal expenses, including officials pay, pensions for invalids, the building of a lighthouse at Cape Henry, Virginia, and compensation to Jehoiakim McToksin for his services as a guide and interpreter on the Sullivan Expedition. Signed in print by Speaker of the House Frederick Augustus Muhlenberg, John Adams, and George Washington. NAIP and OCLC together locate four copies, at the American Antiquarian Society, Indiana University, the University of Michigan, and Yale. Rare. BRISTOL B7570. SHIPTON & MOONEY ESTC W $900. Signed by the Secretary of State 164. [United States Post Office]: [Randolph, Edmund]: THIRD CON- GRESS OF THE UNITED STATES, AT THE SECOND SES- SION...AN ACT TO AMEND THE ACT, ENTITLED, AN ACT TO ESTABLISH THE POST-OFFICE AND POST-ROADS WITHIN THE UNITED STATES [caption title]. [Philadelphia: Francis Childs, 1795]. Broadsheet, 13½ x 8¼ inches. Old fold lines, with one small separation. Minor foxing. Very good. Untrimmed. An act passed by the Third Congress creating many new official post roads, and the alteration of several others. These new roads were to run through most of the country, but were concentrated in New England, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Virginia, with several also connecting the Carolinas. Of note is the establishment of a frontier post road to run from Bardstown, Kentucky to Nashville in the Southwest Territory, incorporated into the Union in 1796 as Tennessee.

126 Approved, February the twenty fifth, 1795, and signed in print by Speaker of the House Augustus Muhlenberg, President of the Senate Pro Tempore Henry Tazewell, and President George Washington. Two states of this imprint are noted. One, Evans 29701, includes a statement of deposition, Deposited among the rolls in the Office of the Secretary of State. Secretary of State, and is signed by Secretary of State Edmund Randolph. The other, Bristol B9377, is without this statement. This is the former, signed by Secretary of State Edmund Randolph. ESTC notes copies at only four American institutions, and Evans adds another at Library of Congress. Scarce in either format, and particularly rare with the signature of the Secretary of State. Edmund Randolph became the second Secretary of State on Jan. 2, 1794, succeeding Thomas Jefferson, who resigned at the end of He continued the practice begun in the First Congress of the Secretary of State signing a small number of official copies of Congressional acts for distribution to the States and important government officials. After the Third Congress, official acts were no longer signed in manuscript by the Secretary of State. EVANS ESTC W $ [United States Senate]: JOURNAL OF THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, BEING THE FIRST SESSION OF THE SECOND CONGRESS, BEGUN AND HELD AT THE CITY OF PHILADELPHIA, OCTOBER 24th, 1791; AND IN THE SIXTEENTH YEAR OF THE SOVEREIGNTY OF THE SAID UNITED STATES. Philadelphia: John Fenno, pp. Folio. Contemporary sheep, gilt leather label. Noticeable edge wear, front joint partially split. Early 20th-century bookplate on front pastedown, small ink stamp on rear pastedown. Small embossed blindstamp on titlepage and one internal leaf. Otherwise, clean internally. Very good. An important early Congressional document, describing the actions of the Senate in late 1791 and early 1792, at the height of the Federalist Anti-Federalist struggle. George Washington s address to Congress, printed here, contains an interesting note about the tax on distilled spirits. Protests to this tax would result in the Whiskey

127 Rebellion of Also contains important early legislation on frontier defenses, Ohio, fisheries, lighthouses, the Mint, and militias. Indexed. First edition, first issue of the rare journal containing numerous messages from Pres. Washington... official ratification[s] of the Bill of Rights, the Presidential Succession Act debate and passage, the establishment of the U.S. mint and coinage, the first militia act, and foundation Northwest Territory Acts Jenkins. EVANS ESTC W JENKINS 505. $2500. Rules for the Jeffersonian Senate 166. [United States Senate]: RULES FOR CONDUCTING BUSINESS IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES [caption title]. [Washington. 1801?] 13pp. Contemporary blue paper wrappers. Light toning and scattered foxing. A near fine copy. The scarce 1801 edition of the rules for conducting Senate business, following earlier printings in 1790 and Signed in print at the end by Secretary Samuel A. Otis and dated Dec. 7, 1801, the text details forty rules for Senate business and concludes with three pages of joint rules acted on between the two houses. Scarce. Shaw & Shoemaker list copies at LC and NYPL; OCLC adds copies at the University of Connecticut, Yale, and the Houghton Library. SHAW & SHOEMAKER SABIN OCLC $ [United States State Papers]: STATE PAPERS AND PUBLICK DOCUMENTS OF THE UNITED STATES FROM THE ACCES- SION OF GEORGE WASHINGTON TO THE PRESIDENCY, EXHIBITING A COMPLETE VIEW OF OUR FOREIGN RE- LATIONS SINCE THAT TIME [ ]. Boston: Printed and Published by T.B. Wait & Sons, Five volumes. Numerous folding tables. Contemporary blue boards with paper spines and labels; one volume rebound with later boards, one volume rebacked with modern paper. Spines chipped. Bookplate on front pastedowns, contemporary ownership inscriptions. Overall, about very good. Untrimmed. In half morocco slipcases. An important collection of United States state papers and foreign relations documents during the important period from 1789 through 1815, including Washington s first speech to Congress, his message on the situation with Algiers, Pickering s letter to Pinckney (while the latter was plenipotentiary of the United States in Paris), and many others of equal importance. The volumes also contain documents relating to French depredations on American vessels; messages relative to affairs with Spain on the Mississippi; intercourse with Indians; the XYZ Affair; commerce with St. Domingo; Jefferson s inaugural addresses of March 4, 1801 and March 4, 1805; documents concerning the Barbary Powers; notices of treaty negotiations from Messrs. Monroe and Pinckney; reports and lists of captured American vessels; and

128 extensive official correspondence regarding U.S. relations with the European powers. This is the first edition of Wait s State Papers compilation, which is listed under two separate entries in Sabin, of three and five volumes, respectively, for a total of eight volumes in a complete set (the second volume of the three-volume set is lacking here). A second edition in ten volumes appeared in See Sabin for an extensive note on this useful collection. Prior to the beginning of the standard U.S. documents Serial Set in 1817, and to Peter Force s compilations in the 1830s, this was the first standard compilation of American State Papers. SABIN COHEN $ [Van Ness, William P.]: AN EXAMINATION OF THE VARI- OUS CHARGES EXHIBITED AGAINST AARON BURR, ESQ. VICE-PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES; AND A DEVELOPMENT OF THE CHARACTERS AND VIEWS OF HIS POLITICAL OPPONENTS by Aristedes. New York ,[1]pp. Half title. Bound to style in antique half calf and marbled boards. Minor soiling. Untrimmed and unopened. Very good. Van Ness pseudonymous reply to James Cheetham s published attack on Burr for his activities in state politics and in the 1801 Presidential election; Burr was so ably defended that newspapers rang with the unknown author s story of confused truth and fiction (DAB). Van Ness served as second to Burr in the duel with Hamilton later that year, and was indicted as an accessory in Hamilton s murder. HOWES V37. DAB XIX, pp SABIN SHAW & SHOEMAKER TOMPKINS 103. $ Varnum, James M.: THE CASE, TREVETT AGAINST WEEDEN: ON INFORMATION AND COMPLAINT, FOR REFUSING PA- PER BILLS IN PAYMENT FOR BUTCHER S MEAT, IN MAR- KET, AT PAR WITH SPECIE. TRIED BEFORE THE HONOUR- ABLE SUPERIOR COURT, IN THE COUNTY OF NEWPORT, SEPTEMBER TERM, Providence: John Carter, iv,60pp. Original blue wrappers. Spine chipped, wrappers lightly dampstained. Very faint dampstaining to lower corner of outer leaves of text. Otherwise quite clean internally. Very good. In a half morocco box.

129 First edition of this landmark in the establishment of the doctrine of judicial review, written by the presiding justice. A clear, concise argument for the judiciary s right to reject legislation that violated the provisions of the new Constitution, and for the power of the judiciary in the realm of political authority. The plaintiff offered paper money, issued by an act of the General Assembly of Rhode Island, for the purchase of meat from the defendant, a butcher. The money was refused and the butcher lodged a complaint. The court ruled in favor of the defendant. The present case is considered the most important of the number of colonial cases regarding judicial review, due to its publication as a separate work and the high degree of advertisement and publicity it received at the time of the Convention. Varnum s influence on John Marshall s statement in Marbury v. Madison, seventeen years later, is apparent. Madison noted it in the debates, and Warren supported the ruling. Varnum later became the justice for the new Northwest Territory and participated in drafting its laws. ALDEN EVANS SABIN KRESS B1355. JCB (3)I:3167. REESE, FEDERAL HUNDRED 15. $ [Virginia Laws]: ACTS PASSED AT A GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF VIRGINIA, BEGUN AND HELD AT THE PUBLIC BUILDINGS IN THE CITY OF RICHMOND, ON MONDAY THE FIFTEENTH DAY OF OCTOBER, IN THE YEAR OF OUR LORD, ONE THOUSAND SEVEN HUNDRED AND EIGHTY-SEVEN. Richmond. [1788]. 47,[1],[2]pp. Folio. Half calf and marbled boards in antique style, leather label. Faint dampstain throughout, minor foxing, top portion of last (index) leaf lacking, costing about a fourth of the text. Still, a good copy. The rare session laws for the Virginia state legislature in Acts include an amendment of the public revenue laws to allow for support of the civil government and to alleviate debt, an amendment to an act regarding the militia, and acts concerning tobacco, courts, slavery, and numerous local issues. Most notable among the acts is An Act concerning the Convention to be held in June next. This act lays out the provisions for payment of delegates to the Virginia Ratifying Convention in June 1788, where the new federal constitution would pass by a narrow vote of 89 to 79, making Virginia the tenth state to ratify the Constitution. A rare Virginia imprint, with only three copies in OCLC. EVANS SWEM SABIN OCLC , ESTC W $2250.

130 The First Official Printing of the Virginia Resolutions, Written by James Madison, the Foundation of the States Rights Movement 171. [Virginia Resolutions]: [Madison, James]: [ Jefferson, Thomas]: ACTS PASSED AT A GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE COM- MONWEALTH OF VIRGINIA: BEGUN AND HELD AT THE CAPITOL, IN THE CITY OF RICHMOND, ON MONDAY, THE THIRD DAY OF DECEMBER, ONE THOUSAND SEVEN HUN- DRED AND NINETY-EIGHT. Richmond: Meriwether Jones and John Dixon, pp. Folio. Expertly bound to style in half calf and period marbled boards, spine gilt, red morocco label. Very good. In a dark blue morocco box. Provenance: James Anderson (contemporary signature). The extraordinarily rare and important session laws of Virginia for 1798, containing the first official printing of the Virginia Resolutions. Introduced and championed by the great libertarian, John Taylor of Caroline, the Virginia Resolutions were actually written by James Madison in collaboration with Thomas Jefferson. Together with similar resolutions introduced into the Kentucky legislature the following year, they stand as one of the foremost documents in the history of the States Rights argument and American libertarianism. The stage for the Virginia Resolutions was set by the bitter Federalist-Republican arguments of the 1790s, culminating in the so-called Alien and Sedition Laws passed in 1798, ratified by the Federalist majority in Congress. These restrictive measures on free speech raised serious questions about the ultimate scope of federal powers and were viewed by the Republicans as unconstitutional attacks on civil liberties and the prerogatives of the states. Thomas Jefferson (then vice president) and Congressman James Madison, as the Republican leaders, determined to protest the laws through the medium of resolutions in the Virginia and Kentucky legislatures, effectively concealing their authorship at the time. Madison drafted the Virginia resolutions and Jefferson the Kentucky ones, although they are similar in content and ultimately the result of the close collaboration between the two men. In these documents they argue that the states should determine the scope of federal powers, and that potentially any state could reject any federal law (the principle of Nullification as it was labeled in the Kentucky Resolutions). In Madison s words:

131 That this Assembly doth explicitly and peremptorily declare, that it views the power of the federal government, as resulting from a compact, to which the states are parties; as limited by the plain sense and intention in that compact... the states who are parties thereof, have the right, and are in duty bound, to interpose for arresting the progress of the evil, and for maintaining within their respective limits, the authorities, rights, and liberties appertaining to them. In short, that each state had the right to reject federal laws it felt were not within the plain sense and intention of the Constitution. The Virginia Resolutions were introduced into the Virginia House of Delegates by John Taylor of Caroline on Dec. 13, A number of important Virginia political figures, including John Mercer, William Branch Giles, Henry Lee, George Nicholas, and others, took part in the spirited debates over the next two weeks. The Resolutions (printed on page 33) were finally passed by the House on the 21st of December and the State Senate on the 24th. The immediate effect of the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions was not great. The Federalist states greeted them coolly, although they provoked considerable debate, and the Jeffersonian revolution of 1800 swept away the laws they targeted, but they remained an active political document which gained force over time. They were widely invoked from the South Carolina Nullification Crisis of 1832 to secession before the Civil War, and are still cited as primary doctrines in States Rights theory and American libertarianism. Written by two of the United States greatest political minds, they also contained the seeds of the destruction of the Union. The first official printing of the Virginia Resolutions establishes this volume as an incredibly important American State Paper, of the greatest rarity. EVANS TOWER 937. SWEM $75, Walsh, Robert: AN APPEAL FROM THE JUDGMENTS OF GREAT BRITAIN RESPECTING THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. PART FIRST, CONTAINING AN HISTORICAL OUTLINE OF THEIR MERITS AND WRONGS AS COLONIES; AND STRICTURES UPON THE CALUMNIES OF BRITISH WRITERS. London: John Miller, lvi,505pp. plus [2]pp. of advertisements. Original paper covered boards. Boards quite worn, soiled, and scuffed; front board nearly detached. Very clean and fresh internally. Untrimmed and unopened. In a cloth chemise and half morocco and cloth slipcase, spine gilt. First British edition, published the same year as the Philadelphia first edition. The Philadelphia edition is a rather common book this London edition is far scarcer, likely because of its overwhelmingly negative reception when published there. The work covers a wide variety of topics, including early colonial history, relations with Indians, and slavery. Great Britain is often held to be responsible for most of the ills incurred. Walsh was a journalist and the last editor of the American Register. The

132 present work brought congratulatory notes from Jefferson, John Adams, and John Quincy Adams...but occasioned denunciatory notices in British publications DAB. HOWES W67. SABIN DAB XIX, pp $ [War of 1812]: [Songster]: THE EAGLE AND HARP; A COLLEC- TION OF PATRIOTIC AND HUMOROUS SONGS AND ODES. Baltimore: Published by J. and T. Vance, pp. Original calf-backed paper boards. Hinges cracked, spine ends chipped, some wear and soiling to boards. Later ownership inscription and pencil annotations on front endpapers and titlepage. Moderate tanning and foxing. Good. A scarce collection of patriotic songs published for the War of Titles include: Union and Liberty, Old Commodore, American Star, An Ode to the Volunteers of 1812, John Bull Get the Grapes, Ode for the Fourth of July, 1812, among many others. In 1863 this volume was owned by George Eitemiller of McConnellsburg, Pennsylvania, who was then attending telegraph school in nearby Chambersburg. Four months after the Confederates swept through his region and were defeated at Gettysburg, and just five days after Lincoln s Gettysburg Address, young Eitemiller was overcome by patriotism and inscribed the volume four times in pencil, writing on the titlepage: Hurrah for Liberty & Union. Shaw & Shoemaker locate only seven copies; OCLC adds three more. SABIN SHAW & SHOEMAKER $ [War of 1812]: [Croker, John Wilson]: A KEY TO THE ORDERS IN COUNCIL. London [2],19pp. Dbd. Title-leaf detached, else a clean, very good copy. A rare War of 1812 pamphlet written by British Secretary to the Admiralty and Member of Parliament John Wilson Croker. Here, Croker argues the British side of the story in the impending conflict, and urges the United States to see France as the real enemy. Anderson Galleries called this work extremely rare in their 1918 catalog for the H.R. Lawrence Collection. SABIN GOLDSMITH-KRESS $900. Fraud, Lotteries, Booksellers, Judaica 175. Warner, H.W.: REPORT OF THE TRIAL OF CHARLES N. BALDWIN, FOR A LIBEL, IN PUBLISHING, IN THE REPUB- LICAN CHRONICLE, CERTAIN CHARGES OF FRAUD AND SWINDLING, IN THE MANAGEMENT OF LOTTERIES IN THE STATE OF NEW-YORK... New York: C.N. Baldwin, pp. Dbd. Lightly and evenly tanned. Very good. Baldwin had published an article implying a conspiracy between a lottery submanager, John Sickels, and Napthali Judah, a well-known bookseller, publisher, and

133 founder of Congregation Shearith Israel. Much evidence was produced at the trial of Sickels chicanery and self-dealing in several lotteries. Judah initially claimed that he had bought insurance on a certain number in the Medical Sciences lottery as a result of a dream. The insurer refused to pay when it was shown that Sickels had been Careless in his handling of the tickets. Thereupon Judah produced an anonymous letter he had received stating the same number would be drawn. This was not the first time Judah had been implicated in lottery tampering in 1811 he was the subject of a state report regarding tickets purchased for the Union College Lottery. In the present case, the jury took fifteen minutes to return a verdict in Baldwin s favor. A classic first amendment case. Not in Singerman or Rosenbach. McCOY B32. COHEN MARKE SHAW & SHOEMAKER SABIN $750. Early American Poetry 176. Warren, Mercy: POEMS, DRAMATIC AND MISCELLANEOUS. Boston: I. Thomas and E.T. Andrews, pp. 12mo. Modern half calf and marbled boards, leather label. Early unobtrusive perforation stamp on titlepage. Light tanning and foxing. Very good. First edition of this significant collection of early American verse, dedicated to George Washington. The author was an intimate of John and Abigail Adams, and moved in high circles in Massachusetts; she was born into the prominent Otis family, and later married the brother of Dr. Joseph Warren. This is the earliest work published under her name, although she wrote a number of plays earlier. Included herein are two verse plays, The Sack of Rome and Ladies of Castile, as well as a large selection of miscellaneous poems. She is best remembered for her writings on the United States Constitution and her three volume history of the American Revolution. Rare. EVANS WEGELIN (POETRY) 417. WEGE- LIN (PLAYS), p.78. $3000. Murders over Impressment on the Verge of War 177. [Whitby, Henry]: TRIAL OF CAPT. HENRY WHITBY, FOR THE MURDER OF JOHN PIERCE, WITH HIS DYING DECLARA- TION. ALSO THE TRIAL OF CAPT. JOHN CRIMP, FOR PI- RACY AND MANSTEALING. New-York: Gould, Banks, and Gould, ,[1]pp. Early 20th-century buckram, gilt labels. Cloth somewhat dust soiled, labels slightly chipped, paper shelf label on spine. Titlepage previously

134 detached and repaired. Institutional ink and blind stamps on titlepage. Light tanning and foxing. Good plus. Accounts of two trials related to the inflammatory English practice during this period of impressing American sailors into the Royal Navy. The murder arose out of an attempted impressment of seamen on April 25, 1806; the charge is against the captain of the British vessel Leander. The prisoners may have been reprieved and held as hostages. President Jefferson issued a proclamation in connection with this case. A sailor named Pierce was killed by a cannon shot near the entrance to New York Harbor McDade. McDADE SHAW & SHOEMAKER $850. A Presentation Copy 178. Wilberforce, William: AN APPEAL TO THE RELIGION, JUS- TICE, AND HUMANITY OF THE INHABITANTS OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE, IN BEHALF OF THE NEGRO SLAVES IN THE WEST INDIES. London: J. Hatchard & Son, [4],77,[3]pp., including a leaf of publisher s advertisements in the rear. Half title. Stitched as issued. Corners slightly rumpled. Author s presentation inscription on half title. Some dust soiling to outer leaves, but internally clean. Very good. A presentation copy, inscribed From the Author on the half title. Wilberforce s Appeal argues for total emancipation and resulted in the formation of the Anti- Slavery Society in the same year of publication. Wilberforce dedicated much of his career in Parliament to the campaign for the abolishment of the slave trade in the British Empire; this tract was published ten years before the final passage of the Slavery Abolition Act in SABIN $ Williams, Eleazer: GOOD NEWS TO THE IROQUOIS NATION. A TRACT, ON MAN S PRIMITIVE RECTITUDE, HIS FALL, AND HIS RECOVERY THROUGH JESUS CHRIST. Burlington, Vt.: Samuel Mills, January pp. Dbd. Minor foxing and toning. Very good. Grandson of Indian captive Eunice Williams who married an Indian chief of Caughnawaga, Eleazar Williams (d. 1858) served as an American scout in northern New York during the War of Desiring afterwards to work as a missionary, he published in 1813 this gospel for the Iroquois Nation. Although a devout spiritual leader for many years, Williams later fell into the delusional fantasy that he was the Dauphin of France Siebert. The Siebert copy was in quite poor condition. SHAW & SHOEMAKER SIEBERT SALE 487. PILLING, IROQUOIAN, p.167. AYER, INDIAN LINGUISTICS (IROQUOIAN) 15. FIELD $2500.

135 180. [Williamson, Charles]: A DESCRIPTION OF THE GENESEE COUNTRY, IN THE STATE OF NEW-YORK: IN WHICH THE SITUATION, DIMENSIONS, CIVIL DIVISIONS, SOIL, MINER- ALS, PRODUCE, LAKES AND RIVERS...ARE IMPARTIALLY DESCRIBED. TO WHICH IS ADDED, AN APPENDIX, CON- TAINING A DESCRIPTION OF THE MILITARY LANDS. By Robert Munro [pseudonym]. New York: Printed for the Author, pp. plus map. Dbd. Tanned and foxed, dampstain to upper corner. Good. An interesting and very scarce promotional for the Pulteney Estate in western New York, issued by the promoters of the region, the English Associates. The first edition, which is quite rare, appeared in 1798, with a subsequent printing appearing in Howes records three printings in 1804, of which this is the only printing containing a map. Vail, in his article, A Western New York Land Prospectus in Bookman s Holiday, analyzes the various printings and calls this the fourth, suggesting that it is much more uncommon than the third because of a decline in the company s activities. As well, these guidebooks were utilized by the prospective settlers, and often discarded after they arrived at their new homes. HOWES W493, aa. VAIL 1221 (note). REESE, FEDERAL HUNDRED 74 (ref ). $750. Standard Ornithology before Audubon 181. Wilson, Alexander: AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGY; OR THE NAT- URAL HISTORY OF THE BIRDS OF THE UNITED STATES. ILLUSTRATED WITH PLATES ENGRAVED AND COLOURED FROM ORIGINAL DRAWINGS TAKEN FROM NATURE. New York & Philadelphia: Collins & Co. and Harrison Hall, Three quarto text volumes plus folio atlas volume. Text: cxcix,[1],230,[1]; 456 [without a leaf number vii-viii, as usual]; vi,396pp., 4pp. subscribers list at rear of third volume. Atlas: Seventy-six handcolored engraved plates, some heightened with gum arabic, by A. Lawson (52), J.G. Warnicke (21), G. Murray (2), and B. Tanner (1), all after Wilson. Expertly bound to style in half red straightgrained morocco and period near-uniform marbled boards, spines gilt. Very good. The second full edition of Wilson s work, with plates in their most desirable form. This is the most important work on American ornithology before Audubon. Science would lose little if every scrap of pre-wilsonian writing about United States birds could be annihilated Coues. The first edition of Wilson s life-work was published in nine volumes between 1808 and The present edition was prepared by Wilson s friend and colleague, George Ord, who improved the work textually by re-arranging the work in a systematic order by species and by contributing an important Sketch of the Author s Life (pp.vii-cxcix in the first text volume) as well as numerous additional

136 textual notes. He also notes in his preface to the first text volume that he arranged for the plates to be carefully examined and retouched by Alexander Lawson (the original engraver of most of the plates). Reading between the lines of Ord s preface, it is clear that he believed the plates in the present edition to be better than the first, and this is the current general view: it is noted in Fine Bird Books that the plates [are] coloured better, and Wood writes: The hand-colored drawings in the atlas are from the original copper plates, colored anew by pigments which seem to have been better quality than those used by Wilson. In the copy under notice, the colors are very fresh: those of the original are faded and in some cases quite disintegrated. In addition to the coloring, better quality paper was used in this edition, thus avoiding the foxing which almost inevitably mars the first. Thus, this edition is more desirable than the first. WOOD, p.630. SABIN BM (NATURAL HISTORY), p NISSEN IVB 992. FINE BIRD BOOKS 114. $25,000.

137 A farrago of incredible miracles. - Howes 182. [Winterfield, Captain]: THE VOYAGES, DISTRESSES AND AD- VENTURES OF CAPT. WINTERFIELD. Written by Himself. London pp. plus frontispiece. 12mo. Dbd. Frontis detaching. Some tanning, occasional foxing. Good plus. Later edition of this narrative of the wild adventures of the fictional Captain Winterfield, which includes several scenarios related to the American Revolution and a number of tangles with American Indians. The frontispiece shows the Captain struggling with an Indian armed with a tomahawk, evidently in New York state. A farrago of incredible miracles Howes. Howes calls for a first edition published in 1788, no copies of which are located by the ESTC. The first edition currently traceable was published in 1798, with several others following in quick succession. All are quite scarce, with OCLC locating only four copies of the present edition. HOWES W582. $ Woods, John: TWO YEARS RESIDENCE IN THE SETTLE- MENT ON THE ENGLISH PRAIRIE, IN THE ILLINOIS COUN- TRY, UNITED STATES... London pp. plus three maps (two folding). Later half sheep and marbled boards. Boards and extremities rubbed. Bookplate on front pastedown. Minor scattered foxing. Very good. In a blue half morocco and cloth slipcase, spine gilt. This important work was written by a prosperous British farmer who travelled with his family from the Isle of Wight in After landing in Baltimore and trekking across the South, he settled in one of the British colonies in southeastern Illinois, of which he gives an excellent account. Included herein are extracts from his journal of the trip to his new home. Copies with all maps, as in the present copy, are uncommon. The maps show the settlement of English Prairie, the Illinois country, and the range of townships in southeastern Illinois. STREETER SALE CLARK II:71. SABIN HOWES W654, aa. BUCK 153. RUSK II:129. $1250. Early American Astrophysics 184. Woodward, Augustus B.: CONSIDERATIONS ON THE SUB- STANCE OF THE SUN. Washington, Metropolis of the United States of America: Printed by Way and Groff, Sept ,[1]pp. plus interleaved blanks. Contemporary calf. Calf somewhat chipped and worn, front board nearly detached. Apart from some minimal foxing and light transparent stains on prelims and terminal leaves, a very good, crisp copy. With an early presentation inscription on the title-leaf: William B. Randolph from T.D. Stone. The first edition of the first substantial work by the multi-faceted jurist, future codifier of the laws of Michigan Territory, and intellectual father of the University

138 of Michigan. While Woodward s accomplishment in this work consists largely of a review of classical and contemporary hypotheses of the sun s constitution rather than any particularly original notions, the book is nonetheless an interesting and early contribution to the topic by an American. Four years after its publication, Woodward was appointed by his friend, Thomas Jefferson, to one of the three judicial seats for the Territory of Michigan where, in addition to compiling The Woodward Code, he was active in the design of the city of Detroit. In 1816 he published A System of Universal Science, wherein was laid out the basis for the act of 1817 creating the Catholepistemiad, or University, of Michigania. The interleaving of this copy is clearly original or very nearly contemporary with publication, since some notes appear on one of the interleaved sheets. SHAW & SHOEMAKER 1684 (2 copies). $ Woodward, Augustus B.: A REPRESENTATION OF THE CASE OF OLIVER POLLOCK. [bound with:] SUPPLEMENT TO THE REPRESENTATION... Washington: Printed by Samuel Harrison Smith, Feb. 12, 1803; and Washington: Printed by William Duane & Son, December [2],69; [71]-121pp. Antique-style three-quarter calf and marbled boards. Head of several leaves trimmed close, with slight loss to text, scattered foxing. Else very good. The first edition of attorney Augustus B. Woodward s representation of Oliver Pollock s Revolutionary War claims, bound and continuously paginated with the supplement to the representation published nine months later. A Representation... and Supplement... were published and reprinted together in Oliver Pollock (ca ), an Irish-born merchant and planter who amassed a sizable fortune in Cuba and Spanish Louisiana, was perhaps the most generous private financier to the American cause during the Revolution, advancing the United States and Virginia some $300,000 for the patriotic effort along the northwest frontier. After the war both Virginia and Congress refused to repay their loans to Pollock, claiming they had been improperly authorized, and Pollock was bankrupted as a result. In 1781, Pollock began a long campaign of petitioning the governments for reimbursement, which was not met to his satisfaction until the 1810s. In 1803 young lawyer Augustus Woodward took up Pollock s case in Washington, publishing his argument in the present pamphlets. Pollack s assistance to this army had been credited with winning the Northwest; and during the course of working on his case, Woodward developed a keen interest in the region, a fact he presumably made known to Thomas Jefferson, who appointed him as one of the three judges of the new Territory of Michigan in Woodward would have a distinguished public career in Michigan, contributing significantly to the rebuilding of Detroit after its devastating 1805 fire, compiling Michigan s early laws in an 1806 work that soon became known as The Woodward Code, and writing the famously detailed charter of the University of Michigan in 1817.

139 An important work for the history of the Revolution in the West, the Mississippi Valley, and the Northwest. SABIN , SHAW & SHOEMAKER 5613, DAB XV, pp.50-51; XX, pp $1500. The First Published Practice Manual for an American Court, with Massive Annotations Compiled over Two Decades 186. Wyche, William: A TREATISE ON THE PRACTICE OF THE SUPREME COURT OF JUDICATURE OF THE STATE OF NEW-YORK IN CIVIL ACTIONS. New York: T. and J. Swords, xvi,355,[1]p. Lacks the half title and prospectuses (pp.[ ]). Thick octavo. Antique-style half calf and marbled boards, stamped in gilt, leather label. Interleaved throughout, with extensive manuscript annotations in a contemporary hand. Contemporary ownership inscription on titlepage, trimmed a bit at top edge. Light scattered soiling. Very good. The first American practice manual for the legal profession, based in part on manuscript works by Alexander Hamilton. The present copy, interleaved throughout, contains massive annotations compiled by an attorney who was evidently in active practice before the New York Supreme Court at least until This is the selfstyled second edition, published the same year as the first. It may have been the intention of the annotator to publish a new edition, but no such work ever appeared.

140 Not much is known about William Wyche, a British émigré to America. On the titlepage of his treatise he styles himself as being Of the honorable law society of Grey s Inn, London; and citizen of the United States of America. Wyche entered Grey s Inn at the end of 1788, but did not stay long enough to be registered as a proper barrister (a term of five years), and citizenship took two years residence, meaning he must have emigrated around or before His Treatise... quite practically translates, in a well-organized fashion, the practices of the New York court system in civil cases. This would have been eminently helpful for lawyers just starting out and learning to navigate the state s legal system. In the preface Wyche discusses the sources he consulted in the compilation of his work, noting: Some practical sketches in manuscript, one passing under the name of a personage of high respectability, have been consulted; and whatever appeared of importance has been incorporated. The manuscript work referred to is undoubtedly one prepared by Alexander Hamilton in the 1780s. His treatise on practice circulated in manuscript copies (only one of which survives today) but was never published in the Federal period. It has been published in modern times by both the Hamilton Papers project and the New York Bar Association as Practical Proceedings in the Supreme Court of the State of New York. A comparison of the texts reveals that Wyche did indeed draw heavily on Hamilton s pioneering work. Wyche himself was only briefly part of the New York legal scene. He was not admitted to practice before the New York Supreme Court until May of Prior to this he published several books and married in He appeared in the 1795 and 1796 New York directories, and last appeared in a legal action in January After that he disappears. The present copy is of extraordinary interest for the extensive contemporary annotations throughout the text. The volume is interleaved, doubling its size, and bears significant and detailed notes throughout by an unidentified contemporary author. The annotator was clearly an active practitioner before the Court. The earliest date we note is 1796, shortly after publication, and the latest is 1813, providing a detailed picture of the evolution of the Court in its early years. A fertile basis for future research, the notes are quite evocative of the training of American lawyers in the Federal period. A highly important book and manuscript, providing a key to the basis of legal practice in New York. ESTC W2533. EVANS COHEN Robert Emery, Law Library Journal 93:3, pp $11, [XYZ Affair]: MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, ACCOMPANYING A COMMUNICATION, No. 8. FROM THE ENVOYS EXTRAORDINARY TO THE FRENCH REPUBLIC... Philadelphia pp. Modern half calf and marbled boards. Very good.

141 The dispatch, signed by Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, John Marshall and Elbridge Gerry, transmits a letter from French minister Talleyrand to the envoys, and their reply. It was published on June 18, 1798, two months after the first news of the incident broke. The incident known as the XYZ Affair had its origins in a French attempt to coerce a bribe from American envoys in order to engage in negotiations to improve relations between the two countries. The incident only served to sour Franco-American relations, leading to the so-called Quasi War. This led directly to the Alien Acts, the first of which was published at the same time as this documents. EVANS $ [XYZ Affair]: MESSAGE OF THE PRESIDENT...TO BOTH HOUSES OF CONGRESS. APRIL 3d, Philadelphia pp. Dbd. Titlepage wrinkled, with two small, marginal closed tears. Outer leaves with dust soiling and foxing, scattered light foxing internally. Good plus. Adams report to Congress on the infamous XYZ Affair, in which the negotiators for the French government attempted to extort bribes from the American envoys in return for treaty concessions. Largely made up of the reports of the American envoys, including Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, John Marshall, and Elbridge Gerry. Along with the Genêt Affair, this event was the important Franco-American diplomatic crisis of the 1790s, and served to harden the differences between the two emergent American political parties, the pro-french Democratic Republicans, and the pro-british Federalists. EVANS $1500.

142 New Publications by William Reese THE BEST OF THE WEST: 250 CLASSIC WORKS OF WESTERN AMERICANA. New Haven: William Reese Company, vii,321pp. Illustrated. Leatherette spine with rust-colored cloth, gilt. New. This work describes 250 classic works of Western Americana. Based on nearly fifty years of experience, it spans the whole of early literature of the American West, from Cabeza de Vaca to J. Frank Dobie, and everything in between. It is arranged chronologically and indexed by author and title. An essential reference guide for any collector or student of Western Americana. $125. THE REVOLUTIONARY HUN- DRED. New Haven: William Reese Company, viii,236pp. 100 color illustrations. Cloth, stamped in gilt. New. A guide to the most significant printed works on the era of the American Revolution, discussing publications from the first Peace of Paris at the end of the French and Indian War, to the second Peace of Paris and the end of the wars of the American Revolution, in The one hundred entries were selected on the basis of their historical importance, their impact at the time of publication, their representative nature in the spectrum of writings about the Revolution, and their interest to collectors. $125.

143 THE FEDERAL HUNDRED. New Haven: William Reese Company, vii,255pp. 100 color illustrations. Cloth, stamped in gilt. New. A guide to the most significant printed works on the Federal Era, discussing events from the end of the American Revolution in 1783 to the opening of the Louisiana Purchase in The one hundred entries were selected on the basis of their historical importance, their impact at the time of publication, their representative nature in the spectrum of writings about the period, and their interest to collectors. $125. COLLECTORS, BOOKSELL- ERS, AND LIBRARIES: ESSAYS ON AMERICANISTS AND THE RARE BOOK MARKET. New Haven: Overland Press, viii,[2],231, [1]pp. Cloth-backed patterned boards. In dust jacket. New. A collection of essays addressing two distinct themes: notable figures in the world of printed and manuscript Americana, including collectors, booksellers, bibliographers, and librarians; and the contemporary rare book market from World War II to the present day. Essential reading for Americanists, bibliophiles, book dealers, librarians, and anyone else interested in the modern book trade. $45.

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