Vocabulary Match-Up. Name Date Period Workbook Activity

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1 Name Date Period Workbook Activity Vocabulary Match-Up Chapter 2, Lesson 1 7 Part A Directions Match the vocabulary word in Column 1 with its definition in Column 2. Write the correct letter on each line. Column 1 1. delegate 2. financial 3. justice 4. revise 5. treaty Column 2 A having to do with money B a person chosen to speak or act for a group C fair and equal treatment under the law D an agreement between two or more states or nations E to make changes that bring something up to date Part B Directions Identify each of the following and explain its importance in creating the American government. Use complete sentences. 6. Second Continental Congress 7. Articles of Confederation 8. Constitutional Convention _ 9. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania _

2 Name Date Period Activity What s Missing? Chapter 2, Lesson 1 7 Directions Choose the word or words from the Word Bank that best complete each sentence. Word Bank Articles of Confederation Constitutional Convention delegates farmers justice Philadelphia president Revolutionary War Second Continental Congress states treaties 1. At the in 1777, a committee wrote a plan for a national government. 2. from all 13 states attended the Congress. 3. The were quickly approved by all the states. 4. Congress was given the power to make with other nations. 5. The Articles of Confederation did not provide for a or a system of. 6. Although the United States won the, it cost them a great deal of money. 7. Congress could not raise money for war debts because the refused to pay. 8. Both businesses and throughout the United States were out of money after the war. 9. The purpose of the was to redesign the government. 10. The Constitutional Convention was held in.

3 Name Date Period Workbook Activity The Constitutional Convention Chapter 2, Lesson 2 8 Directions Write the answers to the following questions. Use complete sentences. 1. What was the purpose of the Constitutional Convention? 2. Describe the group of delegates who attended the Convention. 3. Why did the delegates want the Convention to be held in private, behind guarded doors? 4. Why were the delegates not in favor of a unitary system of government? 5. Name two characteristics that all delegates agreed the new government must have. 6. What rights and powers do states in a federal government have? 7. What was the Virginia Plan of government? 8. What was the New Jersey Plan of government? 9. What two things did the Virginia and New Jersey Plans have in common? 10. What plan did the delegates decide to use?

4 Name Date Period Activity Guiding Principles Chapter 2, Lesson 2 8 Directions Delegates to the Constitutional Convention agreed on five guiding principles for the new American government. The paragraph below describes those powers. Choose the word from the Word Bank that best completes each sentence. Word Bank army citizens representatives tax central power separated trade The delegates agreed that the United States would need a strong 1. government. They believed that the 2. of the government must remain with the 3.. The people would elect 4. to run the government. The delegates felt that the powers of government had to be 5.. The most important tasks of the new government would be to 6., to raise a(n) 7., and to regulate 8..

5 Name Date Period Workbook Activity Making Compromises Chapter 2, Lesson 3 9 Directions Write the answers to the following questions. Use complete sentences. 1. What happens when a compromise is made? 2. Under the Connecticut Compromise, how would the states be represented in the federal government? 3. What was the Three-Fifths Compromise? 4. Who would control interstate trade? 5. Who would control trade between the United States and foreign nations? 6. Why was September 17, 1787, an important day?

6 Name Date Period Activity Compromises Chapter 2, Lesson 3 9 Directions Complete the paragraph with the correct word or words from the Word Bank. Word Bank Connecticut Compromise Constitutional Convention debated exports foreign imports interstate legislature Three-Fifths Compromise tobacco The delegates to the 1. in Philadelphia did not agree right away on a plan of government. They 2. some questions for a long time before reaching a compromise. The delegates could not agree how the states should be represented in the 3.. In the end, they agreed on the 4., which said that states would be represented fairly. The delegates also could not agree how to count slaves for tax purposes. They came up with the 5.. It stated that five slaves would count the same as three free men. The delegates agreed that Congress would control both 6. and 7. trade. However, they only gave Congress the power to tax 8. from other countries. Southern delegates did not want to allow Congress to tax 9. such as rice and 10.. With these compromises in place, the Constitution was signed on September 17, 1787.

7 Name Date Period Workbook Activity Limits of the Branches of Government Chapter 2, Lesson 4 10 Directions Use the information from the chart and Chapter 2 to complete these statements. Presidential Limits 1. Congress can remove the president by impeachment. 2. Congress can pass a bill even if the president vetoes it. 3. Congress must approve how money is spent. 4. Only Congress can declare war. Limits of the Branches of Government Congressional Limits 1. The president can veto (disapprove) bills of Congress. 2. The Supreme Court can say a law is unfair. Judicial Limits 1. The president appoints federal judges. 2. Congress must approve the president s appointments of judges. 3. Congress can remove a judge. 1. One of the limits can place on the president concerns how is spent. 2. Congress can remove the president by. 3. The three branches of government are the branch, the branch, and the branch. 4. Only can remove a judge from office. 5. The Supreme Court can decide if a law is. 6. The president can (disapprove) the bills of Congress. 7. Only can declare war. 8. If the president vetoes a bill, it can still be by Congress. 9. The appoints federal judges, and Congress must them. 10. The placed on the branches of government never allow one branch to become too powerful.

8 Name Date Period Activity Principles Chapter 2, Lesson 4 10 Directions Write a brief description of each of the Constitutional principles listed below. Use complete sentences. 1. Principle of popular sovereignty 2. Principle of limited government 3. Principle of separation of powers 4. Principle of checks and balances 5. Principle of federalism

9 Name Date Period Workbook Activity Finish That Thought Chapter 2, Lesson 5 11 Directions Choose the word or words from the Word Bank that best complete each sentence. Word Bank amendments the Bill of Rights checks and balances Federalists governments judicial branch New York Patrick Henry Publius rule of law 1. The supported the Constitution because it provided for a strong central government. 2., the author of the Federalist Papers, was really three people: Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay. 3. The Federalist, No. 10 explained how worked. 4. The Federalist, No. 51 discussed the principle of. 5. The Federalist, No. 78 explained the importance of. 6. The is a principle stating that all government leaders must act according to the Constitution. 7. was a famous Anti-Federalist who did not want the central government to be too powerful. 8. The Federalists agreed to add to the Constitution, because it did not yet protect people s basic rights. 9. This addition to the Constitution is called. 10. became the first capital of the United States in 1790.

10 Name Date Period Activity Understanding Word Meanings Chapter 2, Lesson 5 11 Directions Match each word in Column 1 with its correct description or definition in Column 2. Write the correct letter on each line. Column 1 1. Anti-Federalist Column 2 A to urge someone to do or believe something 2. authority B one who supported a strong central government 3. civilian C the power to command or decide 4. enumerated powers D an agreement to protect something 5. essay E a short piece of writing on a special subject 6. Federalist F to approve or agree to 7. guarantee 8. persuade G someone who is not serving in the armed forces H one who did not support the Constitution 9. Publius 10. ratify I J the rights of Congress, numbered 1 to 18 in the Constitution the name used by the authors of the Federalist Papers

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