ii. Nazi strategy e. Battle of the Bulge, December 16, 1944 f. V-E day, May 8, 1945 V. Hitler s forced labor plan a. People from German occupied

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1 Outline of Content: (Suggestions: Take notes with each assignment and use this out line. You will be reading different sources so it is best for your learning to take notes from the beginning of the unit to the end.) I. Introduction: Making Connections: From World War I to World War II a. Concept Formation: Totalitarianism b. Impact of Great Depression on European and Asian nations II. Totalitarianism and Dictators a. Adolf Hitler, Fuhrer and Chancellor of Germany b. Joseph Stalin, General Secretary of Communist Party and Premier of the Soviet Union c. Benito Mussolini, Italian fascist Prime Minister, Il Duce d. Hideki Tojo, Japanese Prime Minister e. Francisco Franco, Fascist dictator of Spain III. War in Europe a. Appeasement attempts by Great Britain and France i. Treaty of Versailles and the end of the League of Nations ii. Munich Conference b. Adolf Hitler s foreign policy and world war plans i. Building the Third Reich Conquering Central and Eastern European nations ii. Germany for Germans Only the Final Solution iii. Treaty of Non-Aggression between Germany and the USSR c. Hitler declares war: German Blitzkrieg invasion of Poland, September 1, 1939 d. Hitler turns west i. Denmark, Norway, Belgium, Luxembourg, and France ii. Evacuation at Dunkirk, May to June 1940 e. Mussolini and Italian forces invade France and declares war on France and the U.K., June 10, 1940 f. Soviet Union forcibly annexes Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania (Baltic States), June 1940 i. Annexes disputed Romanian region of Bessarabia ii. Begins war against Finland g. Battle of Britain, June 1940 to May 1941 h. Axis strategy i. Tripartite Pact Japan, Germany, and Italy, September 1940 ii. Japan: Co-Prosperity Sphere Pacific Empire iii. Germany: Invasion of North Africa coast: Access to oil in Middle East iv. Italy: Roman Empire in the Mediterranean i. Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union, Operation Barbarossa, June 22, 1941 IV. War in Europe a. Battle of Stalingrad, August 23, 1942 February 2, 1943 i. Axis strategy ii. Stalin s strategy b. North African Theater, February November 1942 c. Battle of the Atlantic, d. Normandy (D-Day), June 6, 1944 i. Allied strategy 1

2 ii. Nazi strategy e. Battle of the Bulge, December 16, 1944 f. V-E day, May 8, 1945 V. Hitler s forced labor plan a. People from German occupied lands and nations b. Forced to live in concentration work camps c. Eastern Europeans, Scandinavians, Russians, Soviets, and Poles VI. The Holocaust a. Pre-war strategy i. Nuremberg Laws ii. Jewish pogroms and ghettos b. War policy of extermination camps: industrial-scale mass executions of Jewish ghetto and concentration camps c. Final Solution: exterminate all Jews in the Third Reich d. Vichy France compliance e. Resistance and resisters f. Liberation of the camps: 11 million people VII. America between a. America s neutrality and FDR s preparation for war strategy i. Defensive strategy: Protection of Western Hemisphere ii. Arsenal of Democracy : Defense industry and production of war material b. Neutrality Acts i. Lend Lease Act ii. Destroyers for Bases deal with Great Britain c. Pacific Strategy i. Build-up of U.S. naval fleet in the Pacific ii. Embargo on export of oil and steel to Japan d. Pearl Harbor i. December 7, 1941 ii. Decimation of America s Pacific Fleet iii. Loss of life and prestige e. Roosevelt s Response i. a date that will live in infamy ii. What war to fight? VIII. Life on the Home front a. Government propaganda: purpose and outcome b. Public propaganda: pro-war and anti-war IX. Life in American home front a. Minority participation in the war i. Tuskegee Airmen ii. Nisei Regiments iii. Navajo Codes iv. Mexican Americans b. Internment of Japanese Americans 2

3 c. The Double V campaign d. U.S. economy: rationing and prosperity X. War in the Pacific a. Doolittle Raid (Tokyo Raid), April 18, 1942 b. Japanese and American island hopping strategy c. Battle of Midway, June 1942 d. Guadalcanal, August November 1942 e. Iwo Jima, February March 1945 e. Okinawa, May 1945 XI. The Atomic Bomb a. Manhattan Project: Manhattan, Chicago, and Los Alamos, New Mexico b. Hiroshima, August 6, 1945 c. Nagasaki, August 9, 1945 d. V-J day, August 14, 1945 XII. The End of WWII a. Controversy surrounding the use of the atomic bomb b. Geneva Convention: Genocide and Human Rights Declaration Unit 5: WWII Terms and such Neutrality Acts, 1937 and 1939 Lend-Lease Act (1941) Atlantic Charter Adolph Hitler Benito Mussolini General Hideki Tojo Emperor Hirohito Winston Churchill Franklin Delano Roosevelt Francisco Franco Joseph Stalin Fascism Munich Pact (1938) and appeasement policy Germany invades Poland, September 1, 1939 WWII begins Fall of France (1940) Vichy France General Charles de Gaulle French Marshall Henri-Philippe Petain German Luftwaffe RAF (British Royal Air Force) Battle of Britain ( ) Soviets Great Patriotic War Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere 3

4 Bombing of Pearl Harbor, December 7, 1941 U.S. enters war Grand Alliance Allied Powers members Axis Powers members Blitzkrieg Kamikaze Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union The Final Solution The Holocaust Ghettos Concentration camps Auschwitz North Atlantic Theater of war German U-Boats Doolittle Raid (1942) Battle of Stalingrad ( ) North African Theater of war Operation Torch Afrika Korps Significance of the Suez Canal to both Allied and Axis Powers Battle of El Alamein ( ) D-Day, June 6, 1944 (Operation Overlord) Battle of the Bulge (1944) Red Army V-E Day, May 8, 1945 Casablanca Conference (1943) Tehran Conference 91943) Yalta Conference (1945) Potsdam Conference (1945) FDR and the development of the atomic bomb Enrico Fermi and Albert Einstein Manhattan Project Alamogordo, New Mexico and Los Alamos, New Mexico First bomb: Hiroshima, Japan, August 6, 1945 Second bomb: Nagasaki, Japan, August 9, 1945 Japanese surrender Truman s decision to use atomic weapons on Japan Battle of Coral Sea (May 1942) Battle of Midway (1942) 4

5 Island hopping FDR dies April 12, 1945 Harry S Truman V-J Day, September 2, 1945 American Home Front War propaganda Selective Service WAC s and WAVES and WAF s Tuskegee Airmen Double V program Government regulatory boards OWM War Production Board OPA (1942) Rosie the Riveter Women in the workforce Rationing and Victory Gardens Financing the war war bonds 1942 Revenue Act 1943 Direct income tax OSRD A. Philip Randolph and the threat of a March on Washington, 1941 Executive Order 8802 Executive Order 9066 Detroit Race Riot (June 1943) Bracero Program Zoot Suit Riots (1943) Japanese-American internment Korematsu v. U.S. (1944) Nisei POWs 5

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