The Rise of Dictators

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1 Name: World War II

2 The Rise of Dictators Country: Leader: Legacy Good: (In what ways did this country benefit from this leader?) Country: Leader: Legacy Good: (In what ways did this country benefit from this leader?) Bad: (In what ways did this country suffer because of this leader?) Bad: (In what ways did this country suffer because of this leader?) Movie Questions: 1. When was Josef Stalin born? 2. What revolution in Russia did Stalin support? 3. What did Stalin mean? 4. What was the name of the Bolshevik newspaper Stalin was on the board of? Movie Questions: 1. When was Benito Mussolini born? 2. Mussolini believed in what political philosophy? 3. How was Mussolini killed? 1

3 The Rise of Dictators Country: Leader: Legacy: Good: (In what ways did this country benefit from this leader?) Country: Leaders: Legacy: Good: (In what ways did this country benefit from this leader?) Bad: (In what ways did this country suffer because of this leader?) Bad: (In what ways did this country suffer because of this leader?) Movie Questions: 1. When was Hitler born? 2. How many deaths was Hitler responsible for? 3. What was the name of Hitler s book he wrote while in prison detailing his beliefs? Movie Questions: 1. When was Hideki Tojo born? 2. What type of family was Tojo descendent from? 3. What was Hideki Tojo found guilty of and executed for? 2

4 Axis Aggression Power Point Questions 1. Why did Japan feel a need to expand? 2. What natural resource rich area in China did Japan conquer in 1931? 3. What independent African nation did Italy conquer in 1936? 4. What area in Germany did Hitler remilitarize in 1936? 5. What country did Hitler takeover in 1938? 6. How did the two people react? 7. What did Italy and Germany become known as after the Rome-Berlin Axis alliance was formed? Appeasement at Munich 1. At what city did Allied leaders meet with Hitler prior to World War II in attempt to avoid war? 2. The policy of giving in to Hitler s demand is called what? 3

5 War Begins in Europe Please read War Begins in Europe on pg. 806 and answer the questions that follow. 1. In August 1939 Germany signs a non-aggression pact with what country? In World War II Germany used a new style of warfare that involved the simultaneous use of planes, tanks and other mechanized vehicles. This extremely quick style of fighting was called Blitzkrieg or lightning warfare. 2. In September 1939 Germany starts World War II by invading what country? In April 1940 Hitler conquered what two countries? Soon after these three countries fall In June 1940 Germany conquers what country? 9. What do you think allowed Germany to so quickly conquer it s enemies? 4

6 The Axis Powers at Their Peak of Control in Europe, 1942 A. Use the maps on textbook page 805 to locate the following countries and bodies of water. Then label them on the outline map on the back of this page and use shading and the map s key to show which countries were part of the Allies, which were part of the Axis Powers or under the control of the Axis Powers, and which remained neutral. N - Portugal A - Great Britain XC - Norway N - Ireland XC - Czechoslovakia XC - Luxembourg XC - Poland X - Germany XC - Greece XC - Bulgaria N - Sweden XC - Lithuania XC - Belgium X - Italy XC - Latvia Countries XC - Yugoslavia A - Soviet Union XC - Netherlands XC - Austria XC - Estonia XC - Hungary N - Switzerland N - Spain XC - France XC - Romania N - Turkey XC - Finland XC - Albania XC - Denmark Key A - Allies X - Axis Powers XC - Axis Controlled N- Neutral Bodies of Water Black Sea North Sea Mediterranean Sea Atlantic Ocean Baltic Sea B. After labeling your map, use it to answer the following questions. 1. Which European countries shown on the map were part of the Allies? 2. What body of water separates Europe from Africa? 3. Which European nations remained neutral during World War II? 4. What body of water divides Great Britain from France? 5. What Axis-controlled country was separated from Germany by the North Sea? 6. Between what lines of longitude did most of the land controlled by the Axis Powers lie? 7. Which non-neutral country on the European continent was the only one to be free of Axis control at this time? 8. Who do you think was winning the war in 1942? Explain your answer. 5

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8 Germany attacks the Soviet Union PowerPoint Questions 1. What year did Germany invade the Soviet Union? 2. Why did Germany initially sweep through Russia? 3. What slowed the German advance down? 4. Through what act did the U.S. support the Allies? 5. What did President Roosevelt declare the U.S. would be? Japan Attacks Pearl Harbor To protest Japanese expansion in the Pacific, President Roosevelt banned exports of iron, steel and oil to Japan. Japan knew that they would need to expand further to acquire these resources from another source and they feared future military conflict with the United States. With this in mind, Japan prepared a surprise attack on the American Naval Fleet stationed at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. 1. Why did the Japanese need to expand? 2. Who did they believe they would eventually have to attack? Please read Pearl Harbor on pg. 811 to answer remaining questions. 3. On what day was Pearl Harbor attacked? 4. Who said a date which will live in infamy? 5. What does infamy mean? 7

9 FDR Pearl Harbor Speech 1. How does FDR describe the attack on Pearl Harbor? 2. When he ends his speech how does FDR sound about America s chances in the upcoming war with Japan? 1. What do you think might have been some of the thoughts of Americans when they read these newspaper headlines? 8

10 Mobilizing for War Questions 1. Under what law were men drafted into the military during WWII? 2. What agency controlled wartime production? 3. What percentage of Allied ammunition did the U.S. produce in WWII? 4. By how much did the GNP increase from ? 5. Men who made cars before World War II had to learn to make what during the war? 6. During World War II what percentage of the workforce did woman make up? 7. What female figure became an icon for working women during WWII? 8. How many African Americans worked in the defense industry during WWII? 9. How many Native Americans worked in war industries during WWII? 10. When the government places a limit on the number of certain items someone can purchase it is called what? Name two items that were rationed during World War II

11 (2 pts. eac Image 1 Images of the Home Front 1. What is being produced in this factory? 2. What does this photograph suggest about the strength of American war production? Image 2 1. What nation lost the fewest aircraft? 2. Why was the United States hurt less by its losses than Germany or Japan? Image 3 1. Who is iconic figure in this picture? 2. Who was the intended audience of this poster? 3. What features of the picture would attract women during the war? Image 4 1. In this poster, what materials are Americans being asked to donate for the war effort? 2. What will this material be used for? 10

12 Japanese Internment Read Internment on pgs to answer the questions below. 1. Another word for temporarily imprison is what? 2. How many Japanese Americans were placed in internment camps during World War II? 3. What could Japanese Americans who were being placed in internment camps take with them? 4. In what Supreme Court case did the court rule that military necessity justified internment? 5. What document is SUPPOSED to protect citizens from government actions like the interment of Japanese Americans? 6. In what year did the U.S. government make a formal apology to Japanese Americans and give surviving internees $20,000? Japanese Interment Video Questions 1. What event triggered anti-japanese feelings in the United States? 2. Why did the government tell the Japanese people that they were being relocated? 3. Who were the lights and guns in the internment camps pointed at? 11

13 The Tuskegee Airmen The Tuskegee Airmen were dedicated, determined young men who enlisted to become America's first black military airmen, at a time when there were many people who thought that black men lacked intelligence, skill, courage and patriotism. The first black aviation class began training in July, 1941 in Tuskegee, Alabama. The men who graduated served in the 99 th fighter squadron flying missions in Africa, Italy and Germany. Their mission was to safely escort bombers and they were incredibly successful. They never lost a bomber to enemy fire for the duration of the war. 1. Where did the Tuskegee Airmen train? 2. When did the first class begin training? 3. What incredible accomplishment did the Tuskegee Airmen have in World War II? The Pacific Theater Power Point Questions 1. What American controlled island did the Japanese capture in 1941? 2. At what battle did the Allies stop Japanese expansion in the Pacific? 3. At this battle what naval first happened? 4. What battle was the turning point of the war in the Pacific? 5. How many Japanese aircraft carriers were sunk at this battle? 6. How many Japanese planes were lost at this battle? 12

14 Geography Application The North African Campaign, In 1942, the Allies launched Operation Torch, the campaign to win North Africa. It was the first Allied counter-attack against the Axis powers. The British had been fighting the Germans in eastern North Africa since Finally, in October 1942, Rommel s eastern advance toward the Suez Canal was stopped. The British began driving the Germans back. Soon thereafter Operation Torch landed Allies in northern Africa to pinch in the Germans from the west. Actually, the Allies attacked North Africa for two reasons. First, the Allies eventually needed to invade Europe from the north. Their control of the Mediterranean region prior to that invasion would make things a lot easier. The Allies felt that invading Europe first through Italy would weaken Axis strength and help the northern invasion. The stepping stone to Italy was North Africa. The map below shows the major movements and dates of Operation Torch. Second, the Allies wanted to help out the Soviet Union, a fellow ally. The Soviet Union was worn out by its heroic resistance against the German army. Because the Axis powers had no other challenges the region, Germany had concentrated its forces on conquering Russia. So, Russia pleaded with the other Allies to form a second front, or second line of combat, against the Axis powers. This would cause the Axis to spread out its forces and consider something other than the Soviet Union. But the United States and Britain were reluctant to assault the European mainland at that time. Instead, the second front was set up by Operation Torch. By February 1943, German troops in the Soviet Union were being driven back. 13

15 Interpreting Maps and Text 1. Which African nations were invaded by the Allies in Operation Torch? 2. In what direction did the invading Allies move after that? 3. What important waterway was Rommel seeking as he advanced east? 4. In what country was Rommel stopped? Which direction did the British push the Germans after that? 5. In what country did the British and the rest of the Allies unite their forces? What was the result? 6. What Allied country was Operation Torch intended to help immediately? 14

16 The Allies Advance Power Point Questions 1. From where did Allied forces invade Italy? 2. When did Allied forces defeat Italy? 3. The plan to invade France and open a second front in Europe was called what? 4. When was D-Day? 5. Where did the Allies land on D-Day? 6. How many troops were killed on D-Day? 7. When did the Allies liberate France? 8. The last major German counter attack was at what battle? In January, 1945 soldiers from what two countries entered Germany? What was the fate of Hitler? 12. On what date did Germany surrender? 13. What was this day called? 15

17 The Legacy of the War Power Point Questions 1. Which Allied power came out of World War II with a stronger economy? 2. Under what plan did the U.S. give money to help rebuild Europe? 3. In what event were Nazi leaders tried for their role in the Holocaust? 4. What important idea came out of this event? 5. What organization was created in June, 1945 in an effort to preserve world peace? 1. What country lost the most soldiers in World War II? 2. How did the U.S. compare to the rest of the Allied nations in terms of soldiers lost and money spent? 3. Why did the U.S. spend more money than any of the other countries involved in World War II? 16

18 Would You Drop the Bomb? On April 12, 1945, after being elected to a record fourth term in office, FDR died of a stroke. Harry S. Truman took over as president. He would oversee the American victory in the Pacific. Island hopping was an effective strategy but many Americans soldiers were still being lost. See the casualties for the battles below: Battle of the Philippines = 14, 000 Iwo Jima = 6,000 Okinawa = 12,000 Imagine that you are President Harry Truman. The year is 1945 and victory over Japan is close. However, despite the odds Japan refuses to surrender. Your top military advisors tell you that you have two choices. To invade the Japanese home islands or to try and use this new weapon, the atomic bomb. Invasion: If you invade Japan you will spare the world from the horrors of nuclear war but experts predict it will cost at least a million lives to pull off this invasion. Atomic Bomb: This method will save the lives of countless American soldiers and can possibly win you the war without ever setting foot in Japan. However, the world will be exposed to nuclear war for the first time and hundreds of thousands of innocent civilians will perish. Make Your Decision (Explain why): 17

19 The Holocaust Please read The Holocaust on pgs and answer the questions below. 1. What was Hitler s Final Solution? 2. How many Jews were killed by the Nazi s during World War II? 3. The deliberate attempt to wipe out an entire nation or group of people is called what? List two outcomes of Jews when they were transported to Nazi concentration camps?

20 Victims of the Holocaust Profile Profile Name: DOB: Gender: POB: Profession: Family: Name: DOB: Gender: POB: Profession: Family: Survived or Killed Survived or Killed Immigrated: Immigrated: 19

21 Vocabulary Knowledge Rating (VKR) VKR Scale: (1) Never heard of term (2) I ve seen or heard it (3) I think I know the term (4) I know and can explain the term Term VKR Check 1 VKR Check 2 VKR Check 3 Evidence of Understanding: Meaning Use in a sentence (proper context required) Example Atomic Bomb Appeasement Blitzkrieg D-Day The Holocaust Interment Camps Island Hopping Lend-Lease Act Nuremburg Trials 20

22 Vocabulary Knowledge Rating (VKR) VKR Scale: (1) Never heard of term (2) I ve seen or heard it (3) I think I know the term (4) I know and can explain the term Term VKR Check 1 VKR Check 2 VKR Check 3 Evidence of Understanding: Meaning Use in a sentence (proper context required) Example (2 pts. each) Pearl Harbor Rationing Victory Gardens War Bonds 21