1 The Other Cold War The Origins of the Cold War in East Asia
2 Themes and Purpose of the Course Cold War as long peace? Cold War and Decolonization
3 John Lewis Gaddis
5 Themes and Purpose of the Course Cold War as long peace? Cold War and Decolonization. Superpower rivalry in developing world (perspective of the South ) Ideology, ethnicity, Cold War politics. Civil wars, state against society. Social history of violence. Understand the modern world!
6 Expectations Clarity (content, sound, sight). Don t be afraid to participate or ask questions!!
7 The Chinese Civil War and Revolution
8 Part One: The Rise of Chinese Nationalism Two revolutionary possibilities
9 Things to think about Internal/external dynamics in revolution. Sino-centric analysis. State identity and state building. Culture of the cold war. Shadow cast by China. Regional civil war.
10 Themes China s Century of Humiliation ( ). Shaping society and increased resentment. Qing collapse and creation of modern state. Social revolution. State and society. Peasants.
11 Collapse of the Qing Empire
12 Chinese Revolution ( )
13 Yuan Shikai
14 Sun Yat-sen ( )
15 Yuan s Rule ( ) Attempt to establish new empire. Semi-colonial status with foreign powers. KMT marginalized, while Sun temporarily retires. Failed attempt to subdue southern provinces. Sets stage for the warlord period.
16 Treaty Port System
17 Yuan s Rule ( ) Attempt to establish new empire. KMT marginalized, while Sun temporarily retires. Failed attempt to subdue southern provinces. Sets stage for the warlord period.
18 Warlord Period,( ) Weak central government in Beijing (Beiyang Government). Semi colonial relationship with foreign powers. Provinces dominated by groups of warlords.
19 Structure of Warlord System
20 Social and Political Change in the Warlord Years Rise of mass education. KMT declares independence from Beijing (Canton). Arrival of communism. Growing anti-foreign sentiment and resistence.
21 Rise of the KMT Sun s 1925 death leads to power struggle in which Chiang emerges as victorious.
22 Chiang Kai-shek ( )
23 Rise of the KMT Sun s 1925 death leads to power struggle in which Chiang emerges as victorious , leads Northern Expedition. Purge and white terror against the CCP. 2/3 are wiped out.
24 The Norther Expedition
25 Rise of the KMT Sun s 1925 death leads to power struggle in which Chiang emerges as victorious , leads Northern Expedition. Purge and white terror against the CCP. 2/3 are wiped out.
26 Why do the Communists survive? Japanese aggression. Weakens Nationalists, militarizes government. KMT is ideologically fragmented (conservative, fascist, liberal). Remaining warlords. Communists capitalize on conditions to launch a social revolution.
27 Mao Zedong ( )
28 Mao s Early Thought and Activities Influence of anarchism. Mutual aid for peasants. Active since 1918, gradual reformism until collapse of United Front. Class question must revolve around the peasantry. Party should immerse itself with the peasants and form programs based on needs. Jainxi Soviet ( ). Crushed by encirclement campaign.
29 Jiangxi Soviet
30 The Long March ( )
31 Japanese Aggression and Second United Front 1936, Chiang is kidnapped by Manchurian general and forced to form an alliance with the communists.
33 Japanese Aggression and Second United Front 1936, Chiang is kidnapped by Manchurian general and forced to form an alliance with the communists. Story of two failures: Japanese Empire and Nationalists. Nationalists cut off from support base and networks.
34 Japan s conquest of China and the United Front.
35 Japanese Aggression and Second United Front 1936, Chiang is kidnapped by Manchurian general and forced to form an alliance with the communists. Story of two failures: Japanese Empire and Nationalists. Nationalists cut off from support base and networks. Chiang unable to capitalize on Nationalism from masses. Alienates Peasants.
36 Mao s Strategy State building, war strategy, social revolution. Avoid fights that they can t win, few major offensives. Dramatically weakened in Ichigo Offensive.
37 Ichigo Offensive
38 Resumption of Civil War 1944, CCP is preparing for Civil War (who started it?). 1945, US strives to negotiate a power sharing arrangement. Fails. Communists move into Manchuria, nationalists encourage Japanese troops to resist. Nationalists control major capitals, American arms, twice the size of forces.
39 Why do the communists win? Nationalists failures: economic problems, corruption, encourage Japanese troops to fight the communists. Nationalists focus on capture of major cities and railways. Communists rely on guerrilla tactics, force Nationalists to overextend themselves.
40 China 1946
41 Why do the communists win? Nationalists failures: economic problems, corruption, encourage Japanese troops to fight the communists. Nationalists focus on capture of major cities and railways. Communists rely on guerrilla tactics, force Nationalists to overextend. Russian clandestine support of CCP, US support for Nationalists. Implement tactics of peasant mobilization. Oct , PRC declared in Beijing. Dec 1949, Taipei declared Capital of ROC.
42 Part Two: China and the Socialist Challenge ( ) Cold War China
43 Mao as Mass Murderer?
44 Treaty Port System
45 1949 China
46 Land Reform Manchurian model Polarization along class model (five classes) Problem of landlords Theory vs practice Violence (top down and bottom up)
47 1949 China
48 Land Reform Manchurian model Polarization along class model (five classes) Problem of landlords Theory vs practice million killed
49 Maoism State Consolidation and Identity
50 Ideological Characteristics of Maoism Personality Cult. Mass indoctrination. Mass mobilization campaigns. Tensions over bureaucratization/corruption/factionalism. Violence (decentralized/state violence)
51 Personality Cult of Mao
54 Ideological Characteristics of Maoism Personality Cult. Mass indoctrination. Mass mobilization campaigns. Tensions over Bureaucratization/corruption/factionalism. Violence (decentralized/state violence)
55 State Consolidation and Identity Maoism Resistance? October 1950-Spring 1951 Great terror (anti-rightist campaign). Cadre System and Peasants. Education and the Question of the Intellectuals.
56 Mass Education and Role of Intellectuals Traditional position of the Chinese intellectual Problem of bureaucratization and technocratic elite Problem of class in the education system (cultural capital) Class system becomes part of daily life
57 Hundred Flowers Campaign 1956, Intellectuals encouraged to criticize cadres. 1957, Rectification Campaign. Mao loses face. 1957, Mass purge of intellectuals. Long term consequence: anti-intellectualism becomes part of state ideology.
58 The Great Leap Forward
59 The Great Leap Forward Rapid industrialization for steel production. Sino/Soviet split. Proletarianize the population. Collectivized farms.
62 The Great Leap Forward ( ) Rapid industrialization for steel production. Collectivized farms. Violence and Famine: million killed.
63 The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution ( )
64 What was the Cultural Revolution? 10 year power struggle instigated by Mao, then waged by Lin Biao and the gang of four. Bottom up theory which focuses on the Red Guard. Organic revolution then descends into anarchy, violence and terror. Consequence of mass-mobilization campaigns. Eg, hundred flowers campaign, Anti-rightist campaign, Great Leap Forward.
65 Causes of CR Ideology: Banish China of the four olds : Old thoughts, old culture, old customs, old habits. Never explicitly formulized and the nature of the enemy is constantly changing. Political tensions between Mao s faction and CCP bureaucracy. Left and right split. In 1966, Mao sets up Central Cultural Revolution Group. Radical students urged to rise up against rightists at universities.
66 Public Shaming
67 Phases of revolution Mao forms the Red Guards. Learn revolution by making revolution. 1967, Red Guard is urged to smash the bureaucracy. Moves from intellectuals and well off to party elite. Totalitarianism? Red Guards ordered to be disbanded by PLA. Civil war breaks out. Left wing. PLA assumes control. Red Guards sent down to villages as way of purification (12million-120 million) : Power struggle, Mao is ailing, Gang of Four.
68 Legacy of Cultural Revolution Denounced by Deng. Problem of memory persists. Nostalgia. CR and state capitalism?
www.xtremepapers.com Timeline Cambridge Pre-U Mandarin Chinese (9778 and 1341) Timeline of Chinese history since 1839 Date 1644 1912 Qing Dynasty 1839 1842 First Opium War with Britain 1850 1864 Taiping
A WANING KINGDOM World History 2017 Mr. Giglio Qing Dynasty began to weaken During the 18 th & 19 th centuries. Opium Wars Taiping Rebellion Sino-Japanese War Spheres of Influence Open-Door Policy REFORM
Making Modern China Pre-Revolutionary China China had been ruled by a series of dynasties for over 2000 years Sometime foreign dynasties Immediately preceding the Revolution Ruled by Emperor P u Yi Only
Communism in the Far East China Terms and Players KMT PLA PRC CCP Sun Yat-Sen Mikhail Borodin Chiang Kai-shek Mao Zedong Shaky Start In 1913 the newly formed Chinese government was faced with the assassination
Notes for Chinese Cultural Revolution Introduction: Can talk about yourself, why you got into history. Past experience with Retirement Course. Let s begin by looking at the broad structural causes that
www.xtremepapers.com Course outline Cambridge Pre-U Mandarin Chinese (9778 and 1341) Overview The Founding of the People s Republic of China Learners need to have a basic understanding of the following
Chinese Nationalist Party, Chinese Civil War Background Guide Wheeler Model United Nations Conference (WMUNC) General Assembly- Social and Humanitarian (SOCHUM) October 2016 Introduction The Chinese Civil
Chapter 30 Revolution and Nationalism 30-1 Russia Czarist Autocratic Rule Alexander III 1881-1894 Ruthless secret police Oppressed nationalist minorities Jewish pogroms Nicholas II 1894-1918 Industrializes
The History and Political Economy of the Peoples Republic of China (1949-2014) Lecturer, Douglas Lee, PhD, JD Osher Lifelong Learning Institute Dominican University of California Spring, 2018 Flag of The
Update your TOC Revolution(s) in China Learning Goal 2: Describe the factors that led to the spread of communism in China and describe how communism in China differed from communism in the USSR. (TEKS/SE
C S I A M U N X CHAIR REPORT Historical Security Council Agenda (1) The Chinese Civil War (KMT CPC) Committee: Historical Security Council (Crisis) Agenda: The Chinese Civil War (KMT-CPC) Chair: IHyeon
NATIONALIST CHINA 1911=CHINESE REVOLUTION; LED BY SUN YAT SEN; OVERTHROW THE EMPEROR CREATE A REPUBLIC (E.G. THE REPUBLIC OF CHINA) CHINESE NATIONALISTS WERE ALSO REFERRED TO AS THE KUOMINTANG (KMT) CHIANG
Name Global II Date Cold War II 31. The Four Modernizations of Deng Xiaoping in the 1970s and 1980s resulted in 1) a return to Maoist revolutionary principles 2) an emphasis on the Five Relationships 3)
Practices of the Chinese Civil War FIRST STAGE TODAY HTTP://WWW.BIOGRAPHY.COM/PEOPLE/MAO-TSE-TUNG-9398142/VIDEOS/MAO-TSE-TUNG- LEADER-KILLER-ICON-2080070030 Review Following the Northern Expedition Chiang
Chapter 34 " Rebirth and Revolution: Nation-building in East Asia and the Pacific Rim East Asia in the Postwar Settlements Korea was divided between a Russian zone of occupation in the north and an American
Welcome, WHAP Comrades! Monday, April 2, 2018 Have paper and something to write with out for notes and be ready to begin! This Week s WHAP Agenda MONDAY 4/3: Russian and Chinese Revolutions TUESDAY 4/4:
China s Cultural Revolution Begins: May 1966 Global Events, 2014 From World History in Context Key Facts Global Context Africa Botswana and Lesotho each gain their independence from Great Britain in 1966.
Changes in Russia, Asia, & the Middle East TOWARD A GLOBAL COMMUNITY (1900 PRESENT) RUSSIA Toward the end of WWI Russia entered a civil war between Lenin s Bolsheviks (the Communist Red Army) and armies
CHINA History, Government, and Political Culture Under the Emperors Feudal System, war lords Centralized government bureaucracy 1800 s Dominance by other countries Spheres of influence Opium War Treaty
Teacher Overview Objectives: Chinese Civil War and Communist Revolution NYS Social Studies Framework Alignment: Key Idea Conceptual Understanding Content Specification Objectives 10.7 DECOLONIZATION AND
Communist Revolution The End of Emperors In 1911, after thousands of years of being ruled by emperors, the last of China s royal dynasty s was overthrown Over the next 15-20 years, China was in chaos as
Revolutionary Movements in India, China & Ghana SSWH19 Map of India 1856- Sepoy Mutiny Sepoy Mutiny India was an important trading post to British East India Company employed British army officers with
The History and Political Economy of the Peoples Republic of China (1949-2012) Lecturer, Douglas Lee, PhD, JD Osher Lifelong Learning Institute Dominican University of California Spring, 2018 Lecture 3:
Politics 211 Notes Politics 211 Lecture 1 How should we begin to think about Chinese politics? What is theory and why does it matter? Theory can be descriptive Theory here about how and why things happened?
The 2nd Sino-Japanese War March 10, 2015 Review Who was Sun Yatsen? Did he have a typical Qingera education? What were the Three People s Principles? Who was Yuan Shikai? What was the GMD (KMT)? What is
Dr. Masayo Goto 1. Some Basic Features of China 2. Mao Zedong (1893-1976) and Establishment of the Communist China 3. Chiang Kai-shek (1887-1975) and Taiwan 4. Maoism/Mao Zedong Thought/Marxism-Leninism-Maoism
Imperial China Collapses Close Read Standards Alignment Text with Close Read instructions for students Intended to be the initial read in which students annotate the text as they read. Students may want
asdf Yan An Red Base (MAO) Chair: Dan Taub Director: Contents Introduction:........... 3 Topic Background.......... 5 2 Introduction Committee Rules and Introduction The Yan An Red Base will operate under
Chapter 29: The Collapse of the Old Order, 1929-1949 Leading up to WWI, what did the world order rely on? What did President Warren Harding consider Normalcy? How did the Great Depression affect global
The Chinese Civil War Background guide for Communist delegates Chairs: Alex Homer, Andrew Lee Wheeler Model United Nations Conference (WMUNC) October 2016 Committee - Chinese Communist Party Introduction
HIST 3534-Revolutionary China, page 1 of 6 History 3534: Revolutionary China Brooklyn College, The City University of New York Study Abroad in China Program Instructor: Prof. Andrew Meyer, Ph.D (or, to
T H E I M PA C T O F C O M M U N I S M I N C H I N A #27 M A O Z E D O N G, T H E G R E A T L E A P F O R WA R D, T H E C U LT U R A L R E V O L U T I O N & T I A N A N M E N S Q U A R E Standards SS7H3
Economic Systems Guided Notes An Introduc+on to Command & Free Market Economics WELCOME TO Johnrovia- The Land of Smiles and Happiness As part of the greatest kingdom in the history of the world, you will
Mao Zedong - Great Leap Forward - Cultural Revolution Great Leap Forward The Great Leap Forward(GLF) was part of two policy initiatives; the other was called the Hundred Flowers campaign. The idea that
Modern World History Curriculum Source: This image from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/file:pedestal_table_in_the_studio.jpg is in the public domain in the United States because it was published prior to
World history Factories double from 1863-1900 Trans-Siberian Railway finally finished in 1916 More and more people work in factories o Terrible conditions, child labor, very low pay o Unions were illegal
Unit 3 & 4 History of Revolutions Russian and Chinese Revolutions Introductory lessons 2012 Introduction Revolutions are the great disjuncture of modern times and mark deliberate attempts at new directions.
Slide 2 Slide 3 Nationalist Party (Pro-Democracy) led by Chiang Kai-Shek & supported by U.S. VS. Communist Party led by Mao Zedong supported by Soviet Union. 1949: Communists took control through violent
CHINA Pu Yi: The last emperor of China s last imperial dynasty, the Qing Dynasty. Was forced to abdicate as a result of the Xinhai revolution Manchu Dynasty: A synonym for Qing dynasty. The Qing dynasty
The Cold War What was the Cold War? Period of tension (1945-1991) involving primarily the two superpowers (United States and Soviet Union) following W.W.II No Direct Conflict between the U.S. and U.S.S.R.
Title: A Recent History of Nationalism and the Military in China Author: Ahmed Khan Date: November 2015 Institution name/journal where submitted: McGill University The use of this database indicates agreement
Created 1-11 Modern World History - Honors Course Study Guide Unit I Absolutism 1. What was absolutism? How did the absolute monarchs of Europe in the 16 th and 17 th centuries justify their right to rule?
IB Grade IA = 20% Paper 1 = 20% Paper 2 = 25% Paper 3 = 35% Grade 11 Major Topic Canadian History Canada to 1867 (founding peoples, confederation and nature of BNA) History of Manitoba and the Northwest
MVZ-207 Chinese Foreign Policy since 1949 Yitzchak Shichor - "Missing Missiles: China's Threat to Taiwan in Israeli and Historical Perspective and Its Implications." Mgr. Jan Polišenský Spring 2011 Week
The Cold War Chapter 30 Two Side Face Off in Europe Each superpower formed its own military alliance NATO USA and western Europe Warsaw Pact USSR and eastern Europe Berlin Wall 1961 Anti-Soviet revolts
Mao Zedong Communist China The Great Leap Forward The Cultural Revolution Tiananmen Square was a Chinese military and political leader who led the Communist Party of China to victory against the Kuomintang
China D. Emphasis on - The Mao Years 1949 Maoism 1976 1. Observe how Mao gained the love and support of the Peasants during his Long March 2. Examine the ideology and indoctrination of the Chinese people
How To Review for 185B Go through your lecture notes I will put overviews of lectures at my history department s website Study guide will be sent out at the end of this week Go through your textbook Go
Dec. 2015 Monthly Curriculum Library Update for Secondary Schools Contents History Legal Studies The Communist Revolution in China Background to China s Communist Revolution 3 Events of China s Communist
th 20 Century Decolonization and Nationalism Modified from the work of Susan Graham and Deborah Smith Johnston @ Lexington High School Global Events influential in Decolonization Imperialism Growing Nationalism
Exam Success: How to prepare students to write History Essays Chinese Culture: The Founding of the Peoples Republic of China 1. Knowledge Key Skill: Explaining evidence in relation to the question PRC:
1 I. Global Communism A. Marxism s path to the future: Interpretations of the work of nineteenth-century philosopher Karl Marx predicted a path to an egalitarian future utopia. Societies would industrialize
World Leaders: Mao Zedong By Biography.com Editors and A+E Networks, adapted by Newsela staff on 07.28.16 Word Count 893 Mao Zedong Public Domain. Courtesy encyclopedia.com Synopsis: Mao Zedong was born
Comparative Civilizations Review Volume 67 Number 67 Fall 2012 Article 11 10-1-2012 Classicide in Communist China Harry Wu Follow this and additional works at: https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/ccr Recommended
UNIT 6 THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION I; LONG-TERM CAUSES A. AUTOCRACY OF THE CZAR 1. Censorship 2. Religious and ethnic intolerance 3. Political oppression I; LONG-TERM CAUSES B. ECONOMIC PROBLEMS 1. Russia began
EDEXCEL IGCSE History Revision Checklist: Paper 2, Section B: China 1911-1989 Use this revision checklist to help you keep track of all the topics you need to revise for your exam. You need to have a confident
Lecture 6: Case Study China September 15, 2016 Prof. Wyatt Brooks 1 Why all the talk about China? Fast growth experience Not unique (e.g., South Korea) China is ENORMOUS Largest population by far Second
Objectives 1. Explain how Communists came to power in China and how the United States reacted. 2. Summarize the events of the Korean War. 3. Explain the conflict between President Truman and General MacArthur.
CHINESE REVOLUTION STUDY AND EXAM GUIDE This PDF contains a selection of from HTAV's Chinese Revolution Study and Exam Guide Ian Lyell CHINESE REVOLUTION STUDY AND EXAM GUIDE 1 First published 2017 by:
The consolidation of the Communist State, 1949 55 The People s Republic of China (1949 005) Introduction The Civil War between the nationalist Guomindang (GMD) and the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) had
The Korean Civil War NATIONAL DIVISION, CIVIL WAR, AND THE COLD WAR IN ASIA The Korean War (1950-1953) or (???-???) Korean proverb 고래싸움에새우등터진다 When whales fight, the shrimp s back is broken North Korea
Imperial China Collapses MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW TERMS & NAMES REVOLUTION After the fall of the Qing dynasty, nationalist and Communist movements struggled for power. The seeds of China s late-20thcentury
Bell Work Describe Truman s plan for dealing with post-wwii Europe. How will his plan help prevent the spread of communism? Objectives Explain how Mao Zedong and the communists gained power in China. Describe
Lecture 3 THE CHINESE ECONOMY The Socialist Era www.youtube.com/watch?v=3xiyb1nmzaq 1 How China was lost? (to communism) Down with colonialism, feudalism, imperialism, capitalism,,,, The Big Push Industrialization
BETWEEN WORLD WAR I AND WORLD WAR II, 1919-1939 SSWH17 The student will be able to identify the major political and economic factors that shaped world societies between World War I and World War II. a.
Chapter 17 Lesson 1: Two Superpowers Face Off Essential Question: Why did tension between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R increase after WWII? Post WWII Big Three meet in Yalta Divide Germany into 4 zones (U.S.,
Reflections on War and Peace in the 20th Century: A Chinese Perspective Yuan Ming Institute of International Relations Beijing University The topic of war and peace is a classic one in international politics.
Teacher Overview Objectives: Deng Xiaoping, The Four Modernizations and Tiananmen Square Protests NYS Social Studies Framework Alignment: Key Idea Conceptual Understanding Content Specification Objectives
Document 12.2: Excerpt from Manifesto of the Chinese People s Liberation Army by Mao Zedong, 1947 The Chinese People s Liberation Army, having smashed Chiang Kai-shek s offensive, has now launched a large-scale
75 CHAPTER 4 OUTLINE OF CHINESE FOREIGN POLICY DURING MAO ERA 76 4 Outline of Chinese Foreign Policy During Mao Era 4.1 Background China has risen as a great power in the 21 st century. To understand the
North Korea, 1945- Present Myths, Realities, Uncertainties North Korea as Rorschach Ink Blot Three layers of propaganda. Kiringul Cave (Unicorn cave). Jang Seok T aek. The Babel of Labels Theatre State,
AFP Worldwide Nationalists and Communists The Nationalists and Communists cooperated to drive the imperialists from China, but fought one another fiercely for the right to rule China. Reading Connection
US Japan China-Burma-India Rep. of China The forgotten front of World War 2 Great Britain India Burma Introduction CBI had two separate but related wars: o The Second Sino-Japanese War (1937 1945) o The
Week Week 29 April 6-10 Standards WH.5.3 WH.5.4 WH.5.5 WH.5.6 WH.7.3 Unit 10: The Age of Revolution Examine the key causes, events, and consequences of the French Revolution as well as the rise and fall
Unit 13 Between the World Wars Section 1: Russia Russian Revolution March 1917= Czar Nicholas II abdicates his throne; a Provisional Government takes control of Russia November 1917= Provisional Government
I. Introduction A. In April 1930, Mohandas Gandhi led a group of Indians to a seashore on India s west coast. 1. picking up handfuls of natural sea salt 2. this simple and defiant act, they intentionally
The Cold War An overview 1945-1960 I m takin you down, Freedom!! You and all your Western Friends! Neeeiiigggghhhh!! We re going to stamp you out, you and all your Commie cronies! What is the Cold War?
Name Class Date Score APWH CHAPTER 29 Western Society and Eastern Europe in the Decades of the Cold War WK 29 Directions: Write a comprehensive, summarizing paragraph for each of the following major concepts.
Deng Xiaoping Cold War Reference Library Ed. Richard C. Hanes, Sharon M. Hanes, and Lawrence W. Baker. Vol. 3: Biographies Volume 1. Detroit: UXL, 2004. p116 123. COPYRIGHT 2004 U*X*L, COPYRIGHT 2006 Gale
Date CHAPTER 14 CHAPTER TEST Revolution and Nationalism Form C Part 1: Main Ideas Write the letter of the best answer. (4 points each) 1. How did the reigns of Alexander III and Nicholas II help pave the