Type 2 Prompt. Following the Revolution of 1911, what happened to China? Was it stable or unstable? Who was in control, if anyone? Write 3 lines.

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1 Type 2 Prompt Following the Revolution of 1911, what happened to China? Was it stable or unstable? Who was in control, if anyone? Write 3 lines. 1/3/12

2 The Revolution? of 1911 What happened to each of these men? Sun Yat-sen Chinese Nationalist Henry Puyi The Last Emperor of China General Yuan Shigai Chinese Dictator

3 TIMELINE OF BIG TROUBLE IN CHINA 1912 Sun Yat-Sen s Nationalists successfully end rule of Qing Dynasty Sun creates the Guomindang Nationalist Party 1916 Yuan Shigai dies China slips into chaos Warlords (local military leaders) divide the country amongst themselves 2 months later he is ousted by General Yuan Shigai (becomes a dictator)

4 So who stepped in? Who brought stability back to China?

5 The Main Event: Nationalists vs. Communists Chiang Kai-shek Nationalist Leader Mao Zedong Communist Leader

6 TIMELINE OF BIG TROUBLE IN CHINA 1923 With the aid of the USSR (Communist) & Chiang Kai-shek, the Guomindang (Nationalist) army grew in strength

7 TIMELINE OF BIG TROUBLE IN CHINA Chiang leads army to victory over warlords Guomindang (Nationalist Party) sets up a gov t in Nanjing in 1928 However, the Nationalists were not the only party in China

8 What about the Communists? Chiang Kai-shek Nationalist Leader Mao Zedong Communist Leader

9 What is Communism? Take out the Capitalism/Communism reading from before break. Finish reading the article. Talk to the text. List the pros and cons of each. You will eventually be asked to define capitalism and communism with a partner. Be prepared to share with the class.

10 Capitalist or Communist?

11 STRESSES THE NEEDS OF WHOLE GROUP OVER THE NEEDS OF THE INDIVIDUAL

12 IS MORE LIKELY TO HAVE LARGE GAPS BETWEEN THE RICH AND POOR

13 PEOPLE HAVE MORE FREEDOM TO MAKE DECISIONS FOR THEMSELVES

14 THE GOAL IS TO MAKE SURE EVERYBODY IS TAKEN CARE OF, SO THERE WILL BE BASICALLY ONE BIG CLASS, RATHER THAN SEVERAL CLASSES SUCH AS UPPER, LOWER, AND MIDDLE

15 SOME PEOPLE ARGUE THAT THIS SYSTEM TAKES AWAY OUR MOTIVATION TO WORK HARD

16 PROPERTY, BUSINESSES, RESOURCES TO MAKE GOODS..ARE PRIVATELY OWNED

17 THE GOVERNMENT IS MUCH LESS INVOLVED IN OUR LIVES IN THIS SYSTEM

18 CAPITALISM V. COMMUNISM Capitalism economic system in which private individuals and businesses carry on the production and exchange of goods and services Communism - a system of social organization in which all economic and social activity is shared equally by the community and all property is owned by the community, not individuals

19 CAPITALISM Property is privately owned by individuals Individuals/companies control production and exchange of goods and services Greater emphasis on individualism and self-interest; people are free to pursue their own self-interests and seek maximum gain/profit Much less government involvement/control of the economy Different classes COMMUNISM Property is owned/shared by the community (no private ownership) Community/government controls the production and exchange of goods and services (ex. Determines prices and salaries) De-emphasizes individualism and self-interest, greater emphasis on the community ( the greater good ) Great deal of government involvement/control of the economy One class

20 Mid-term Exams NO SCHOOL BLOCK DAY BLOCK DAY NO SCHOOL CHINA TEST REVIEW LANGUAGE MID-TERM HALF-DAY HALF-DAY MID-TERMS MID-TERMS 1/4/12

21 How to study for Mid-terms? Study a little every night. Unit 1: Geography Study all maps, worksheets, tests, etc. on geography Unit 2: South Asia Chapters 3.1, 3.2, 8.4, 15.3, 21.3, 25.2, 31.2 Unit 3: East Asia (China Only) Chapters 3.3, 3.4, 8.1, 8.2, 16.1, 16.2, 22.1, 22.2, 25.3, 31.1 Study all TESTS, GUIDED READINGS, green atlas sheets, essays, maps, photo essays

22 What to Expect questions Multiple Choice Map Questions True/False Essay

23 China Quiz Several people still have not taken the quiz on China from before break. As of you today, you will have a 0/70 in skyward if you have failed to make it up. It is your responsibility to schedule a time to make up the quiz.

24 Communism vs. Capitalism Working in groups of 2-3, come up with a final list of pros and cons. Put your list on the board.

25 Capitalism Pros Cons

26 Communism Pros Cons

27 Spread of Communism Green Atlas Use the Green Atlas to consider the spread of Communism in Asia during the 1900s. Answer the provided questions. Use Pages

28 Unit 3: East Asia Chapter 25.3: Revolutionary Chaos in China Chapter 31.1: Communist China As you enter, grab a textbook and open to Chapter 25.3 (p. 836). 1/5/12

29 Guided Reading: 25.3 Instead of being given questions to answer for this chapter, you will be creating the questions. You will work in groups of 2 or on your own. Read pages Create a guided reading based on the main ideas of the section. You must include the answers to each question. For each red or blue section, you should create 1-2 questions. We ll do the first section together. This will not be collected, but you will complete the next section on your own for a grade.

30 Take out your Guided Reading to be checked for completion. Also, please take out your notes! 1/6/12

31 Chinese Cooperation During 1920s, Nationalists and Communists worked together against common foes. Warlords Imperialists In 1927, Chiang Kai-shek (Nationalist) broke alliance with Communists. Shanghai Massacre: Nationalists brutally suppress Communists

32 Chiang Kai-shek s China New Life Movement Combine Modernization with Traditional Chinese Beliefs (Confucianism) New Middle Class loved this Peasants left out (will turn to Mao) Constant threats from: Communists Japan Great Depression Chiang Kai-shek Nationalist Leader

33 CHINESE CIVIL WAR (1930s-1940s) NATIONALISTS COMMUNISTS Led by Chiang Kai-shek Led by Mao Zedong Supported by the U.S. Capitalism Supported by the Soviet Union Communism

34 Nationalists vs. Communists Chiang Kai-shek Nationalist Leader Mao Zedong Communist Leader

35 THE LONG MARCH 1934 Red Army (Communist)was in danger of being crushed following Shanghai Massacre -went on a 6,000 mile march (16 miles/day) -100,000 started, only 8,000 survived -unified/strengthened the Red Army

36 COMMUNISTS & PEASANTS Communists gained support of peasants by overthrowing local landlords and giving land to peasants. Meanwhile, the Chinese people grew tired of Chiang s New Life Movement & repressive government.

37 PEOPLE S LIBERATON ARMY (PLA)

38 The Nationalists and Communists put their differences aside during WWII. They fought against Japanese invaders. After WWII, the Civil War erupted once again ( ). Civil War Time-Out: WWII ( )

39 CHINESE CIVIL WAR ENDS By 1949 Mao s forces defeated Chiang s Nationalist forces Created the People s Republic of China (Beijing) Nationalists fled to the island of Taiwan (Republic of China)

40

41

42 Chinese Civil War MOVIE POSTER or FIGHT NIGHT Title Catch phrase, quote. Picture(s) Informative and creative tells audience about it and makes them want to see it 1 TYPED PARAGRAPH (attached to back): Summary of your topic You should also list your sources Include name and class period use your notes and pp DUE MONDAY, JANUARY 9 th

43 Chinese Civil War MOVIE POSTER or FIGHT NIGHT You will be assigned one of the following: 1. Long March (1934) 2. Shanghai Massacre (1927) 3. Chiang Kai-shek 4. Mao Zedong 5. People s Liberation Army (PLA) 6. Communism vs. Capitalism 7. Chiang s New Life Movement 8. Chinese Civil War

44 For example...

45

46

47

48 Turn in your Movie Poster on the black cart. Staple or tape your summary to the back of your poster. Grab a text book. Open to page /9/12

49 Guided Reading: 31.1 Read pages Create a guided reading for 31.1 You will work on your own. Focus on the main ideas. For each red or blue section, you should create 1-3 questions. You must include the answers to each question. This must be typed and is due tomorrow, January 10 th.

50 Turn in your 31.1 Guided Reading on the front book shelf. There is a midterm study guide available on my website for anyone that would like to use it. Take out your notes. 1/10/12

51 CHINA UNDER MAO Mao set up a Communist society Mao had complete control of the gov t He began 2 programs to improve the country Great Leap Forward Cultural Revolution Communist Party tried to remake the country according to their ideas and any opposition was rejected

52 GREAT LEAP FORWARD Economic plan (created in 1958) Created communes gov t controlled units/communities - emphasized human labor over technology - people were assigned jobs - good of all was stressed over individual needs

53

54

55 Great Leap Forward FAILS It was a complete and total disaster Food shortages, mismanagement, peasant resistance At least 20 MILLION died of starvation

56 Arbitrary executions were common during the Great Leap Forward.

57 CULTURAL REVOLUTION Social Plan (launched in 1966 to reignite Mao s communist goals) Red Guards groups/gangs of young people who attacked anybody who opposed Mao and the Communist revolutionary ideas (teachers, writers, politicians, artists) Complete and total disaster Schools closed, factory production dropped Violence spread, people feared to express their own ideas/beliefs Tens of thousands died and millions thrown in jail before it was ended (1976)

58 Cultural Revolution Propaganda "Destroy the old world; Forge the new world. What is this Red Gang member destroying under his foot? Destroy the 4 Olds -Ideas -Culture -Customs -Habits

59

60 Meanwhile, the Nationalists...

61 Modern Taiwan Since 1949 both the Nationalists & Communists believe they rightfully control it Nationalist really in control Following 1949, ONLY Nationalists could take part in government 1988 moved towards democracy as political parties were allowed to challenge the Nationalists 1997 First presidential ELECTION held Future is uncertain

62 CHINA AFTER MAO Mao died in 1976 Deng Xiaoping - became the new leader

63 Deng s Drive for Modernization Deng pushes 4 Areas of Modernization AGRICULTURE INDUSTRY S C I E N C E DEFENSE

64 DENG S DILEMMA ECONOMIC FREEDOM Political Freedom While modernizing China during the 1970s/1980s, Chinese people were given more economic freedom. (Communism Capitalism?) However, Deng made sure to keep all political decisions under his complete control NO POLITICAL FREEDOM

65 WHAT IS GOIN ON? YOU ARE ABOUT TO SEE ONE OF THE MOST FAMOUS PICTURES OF THE 20 TH CENTURY. WRITE A BRIEF STORY (5-7 SENTENCES) EXPLAINING THE PICTURE. THE ONLY INFORMATION YOU HAVE IS THAT THE PHOTO WAS TAKEN IN JUNE OF USE YOUR IMAGINATION AND DO YOUR BEST TO EXPLAIN WHAT THE MAN IS DOING, WHAT THE TANKS ARE DOING, WHERE THEY ARE, WHAT HAPPENED TO THE MAN.

66

67 1/11/12 1/13/12 (BLOCK DAYS)

68 TIANANMEN SQUARE June of ,000 people in Beijing rallied for democratic reform Deng sends in troops/tanks sent in thousands killed Damaged Chinese image abroad

69 We will now watch a Frontline piece on the Tank Man Answer the provided questions while watching the movie.

70 Modern Chinese Government Some capitalism (private ownership) has been allowed in China since Mao s death. Economy has been booming ever since. WHY??

71 Shanghai, 1990

72 Shanghai, 2010

73 HU JINTAO PRESIDENT OF CHINA

74 ISSUES FACING MODERN CHINA Food Production Population Human Rights/Censorship Capitalism working in a Communist system How does that work exactly? However the government wants it to. Pollution from industrialization (think of India) The Two Chinas? Why do these issues exist?

75 China s Population

76

77 Video

78 Chinese Industrial Pollution

79

80

81 CNN The Two Chinas

82 Chinese Food Production

83 China increasingly relies in IMPORTED food to feed its population. WHY?

84 Chinese Human Rights/Censorship How far has China come since 1989? 2011/china

85 Capitalism in Communist China

86

87

88

89 Multiple Intelligence Activity: China Topics to choose from: Communist China Great Leap Forward/Cultural Revolution Capitalism in China Deng s 4 Modernizations Calls for Democracy Tiananmen Square/Tank Man Modern China Industrial/Economic Growth Clear your idea with Mr. Hess! Due Wednesday, January 18 th

90 China Test & Midterms China Review (Jeopardy?): 1/18 China Test: Thursday 1/19 Language Midterms: Friday 1/20 Math/English Midterms: Monday 1/23 Science/Social Studies Midterms: Tuesday 1/24 We ll complete Unit 3 by studying Japan after midterms.

91 China Test Take a test from the black cart and begin. Add Question 45 to your test: Create a chart that explains the main ideas of Capitalism and Communism. Explain 2 ideas for each (4 total). When you are done, give your test to Mr. Hess. 1/19/12

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