Guided Reading Activity 5-1

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1 Guided Reading Activity 5-1 DIRECTIONS: Recalling the Facts Use the information in your textbook to answer the questions. Use another sheet of paper if necessary. 1. In 1763 how did Great Britain try to end troubles with the Native Americans? 2. Why did these actions alarm the colonists? 3. Why did George Grenville allow customs officers to obtain general writs of assistance? 4. What was the purpose of the Sugar Act? 5. How did the smuggling courts created by the Sugar Act differ from regular courts? 6. In what new way were taxes used under the Sugar Act? 7. What was taxed under the Stamp Act? 8. On what two points did opposition to the Stamp Act focus? 9. What did Patrick Henry do to oppose the Stamp Act? SECTION What did Samuel Adams do to oppose the Stamp Act? 11. What did merchants, artisans, and farmers do to oppose the Stamp Act? 12. What did the Stamp Act Congress do? 13. After Parliament repealed the Stamp Act, how did the colonists feel about the king? 14. What rights did the Declaratory Act give Great Britain over the colonies? 15. What were some of the items taxed under the Townshend Acts? 16. How did women protest the Townshend Acts? 33

2 Guided Reading Activity 5-2 DIRECTIONS: Outlining Locate the heading in your textbook. Then use the information under the heading to help you write each answer. Use another sheet of paper if necessary. I. Trouble in Boston A. Introduction Why were Bostonians angry with British troops in their town? B. The Boston Massacre 1. When did the Boston Massacre take place? 2. What did the crowd do as the British soldiers approached them? 3. Who was Crispus Attucks? SECTION 5-2 C. The Word Spreads 1. How did colonial leaders use the Boston Massacre as propaganda? 2. How did the Boston Massacre help the colonists cause? 3. How did the committee of correspondence help the colonists cause? 4. What British tax remained after the Townshend Acts were repealed? 34 II. A Crisis Over Tea A. Introduction What did the Tea Act of 1773 do? B. Colonial Demands What happened to the British ships with tea in all the colonial ports except Boston? C. The Boston Tea Party 1. When did the Boston Tea Party take place? 2. What happened at the Boston Tea Party? D. The Intolerable Acts 1. Why did Parliament pass the Coercive Acts? 2. What did the Coercive Acts close? 3. What did the Coercive Acts ban? 4. What was the colonists name for the Coercive Acts?

3 Guided Reading Activity 5-3 DIRECTIONS: Filling in the Blanks Use your textbook to fill in the blanks using the words in the box. Use another sheet of paper if necessary. Green Mountain Boys American John Hancock militias correspondence April 18, 1775 minutemen Loyalists Major John Pitcairn Boston 70 minutemen Patriots Breed s Hill Concord gunpowder Paul Revere Ethan Allen Georgia The Continental Congress Delegates from every colony except (1) attended the Continental Congress in September At the gathering, Patrick Henry stated, I am not a Virginian, but an (2). The most important decision delegates made concerned armed opposition to Great Britain. A resolution was passed to form (3). The First Battles Well-prepared militia companies in Massachusetts were known as (4). General Thomas Gage ordered (5) and his troops to go to (6) to destroy all the artillery and ammunition. When Dr. Joseph Warren saw British troops SECTION 5-3 march out of Boston on the night of (7), he rushed to alert (8) and William Dawes. Revere and Dawes then rode to Lexington to warn Samuel Adams and (9). In Lexington the redcoats came across a group of about (10), and the fight for independence began. Along the road from Concord to (11), colonists fired at the British, wounding 200 and killing 73. More Military Action On May 10, 1775, a small group of New Englanders, known as the (12), led by (13) captured the British Fort Ticonderoga at Lake Champlain. Committees of (14) sent out calls for volunteers to join the militias. In June 1775 redcoats charged militia members on (15). The colonists ran out of (16) and withdrew, but the British suffered heavy losses. The (17) did not consider unfair taxes and regulations sufficient cause for rebellion. The (18), however, were determined to fight for independence. 35

4 Guided Reading Activity 5-4 DIRECTIONS: Recalling the Facts Use the information in your textbook to answer the questions. Use another sheet of paper if necessary. 1. When did the Second Continental Congress assemble? 2. Who were four political leaders who attended the Second Continental Congress? 3. What four actions did the Congress take as it began to govern the colonies? 4. Who did the Congress choose to lead the Continental Army? 5. What was the Olive Branch Petition? 6. Why were George Washington s troops jubilant on March 17, 1776? SECTION What did Patriots do when they learned that British troops intended to invade New York? 8. Who led the failed American attack on Quebec? 9. How did Thomas Paine capture the attention of thousands of Americans in 1776? 10. What was the central issue debated by the delegates at the Second Continental Congress? 11. Who was selected to write the Declaration of Independence? 12. When did the Congress vote on Richard Henry Lee s resolution for independence? 13. How many major sections does the Declaration have? 14. How does the Declaration end? 36

5 Reteaching Activity 5-1 DIRECTIONS: Sequencing Events Number the events in the order in which they occurred. Write the same number for the three events that occurred at the same time. A. Parliament passes the Townshend Acts. B. Samuel Adams helps start the Sons of Liberty. C. Parliament passes the Sugar Act. D. Parliament passes the Declaratory Act. E. George Grenville takes action against colonial smuggling. F. Thousands of merchants, artisans, and farmers sign nonimportation agreements. G. Parliament passes the Stamp Act. H. Patrick Henry persuades the Virginia assembly to pass a resolution declaring the state has the exclusive right to tax its citizens. I. Britain passes a proclamation that limits westward expansion. J. Women organize groups called the Daughters of Liberty. SECTION 5-1 K. Delegates from nine colonies meet at the Stamp Act Congress. DIRECTIONS: Essay Answer the following questions. 1. Why did Great Britain enact the Sugar Act, the Stamp Act, the Declaratory Act, and the Townshend Acts, and why did the colonists oppose these? 2. How did the colonists force the British government to repeal the various taxation acts enacted between 1764 and 1767? 37

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