American Revolution Study Guide

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1 Events that Led to War French and Indian War Stamp Act Boston Massacre Sugar Act Townshend Acts Boston Tea Party Quartering Act Intolerable Acts boycott on British tea Important People Sons of Liberty George Washington Nathaniel Greene Committee of Correspondence Lord Charles Cornwallis Thomas Gage delegates King George III Benjamin Franklin patriots Samuel Adams John Jay loyalists Paul Revere Thomas Paine militia and minutemen John Adams Nathan Hale Continental Army Thomas Jefferson Patrick Henry Famous Battles Concord and Lexington Battle of Bunker Hill Saratoga Guilford Courthouse Yorktown Winter at Valley Forge Making a New Nation Declaration of Independence Continental Congress Second Continental Congress Treaty of Paris (1783) United States Constitution

2 Cloze Activity: Fill in the blanks with vocabulary words. 1. On September 17, 1787, delegates came together in Philadelphia to sign the, which created the laws and rights of citizens of the United States. 2. is also known as the Father of our Country. He served as the commanding general of the Continental Army and the first president of the United States. 3. This group of radical patriots called themselves the, and fought for freedom from England in Boston. 4. Colonists who were in favor of independence called themselves. 5. The was established under the command of Gen. Washington once the war began. 6. Although he is best known as author of the Declaration of Independence, was also the third U.S. President. 7. The Sugar Act was created as a method of replacing the money Great Britain spent in the. 8. will always be remembered as a martyr of the Revolution whose famous last words were: I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country. 9. The very first battle of the war took place at on April 18, 1775, when U.S. militia tried to stop the British from advancing to destroy colonists ammunition. 10. was the British military governor of Massachusetts and a general in the war. 11. On October 19 th, 1781, Gen. Cornwallis and his troops surrendered to Gen. Washington after the final battle of the American Revolution, the Battle of. 12. The officially ended the war. It was signed by 3 American negotiators on Sept. 3, 1781 and recognized the United States of America as an independent nation. 13. The was created after the Stamp Act. It imposed taxes on glass, paint, oil, lead, paper, and tea in the 13 Colonies. 14. The cousin of John Adams,, was well-known in Boston as a patriotic Son of Liberty, delegate to the Continental Congress and signer of the Declaration of Independence. 15. Leading men of the 13 colonies were selected to become part of the, an organization formed to coordinate action against Great Britain. 16. On March 5, 1770, a riot broke out between a patriot mob and British soldiers in front of the Customs House in Boston. The Sons of Liberty later dubbed this event the.

3 17. Sam Adam s friend,, is legendary for his very important journey from Boston to Concord to warn the minutemen that the Regulars were coming to destroy their artillery house. 18. The convened in May 1775 after the Battle of Concord and Lexington. This time the congress formed the Continental Army and wrote the Olive Branch Petition. 19. The was one of the first outrageous acts imposed on the colonists. It taxed items, such as molasses and sugar, imported into the colonies. This act had the greatest impact on colonial merchants. 20. Although Gen. Cornwallis defeated Gen. Greene at the Battle of, the battle severely weakened his forces which led to an ultimate loss at Yorktown, Virginia. 21. The acts that followed the Boston Tea Party, which were created to punish the colonies for their rebellious behavior, were known as the. 22. was the commanding officer of the British Army during the war and surrendered to Gen. Washington at the Battle of Yorktown. 23. George Washington gave the responsibility of leading the Continental Army of the South. He fought British troops at the Battles of Guilford Courthouse and Eutaw Springs. 24. are people designated to represent colonies or regions; they serve as members of the Congress. 25. In September of 1774, delegates from 12 of 13 colonies came together in Philadelphia and formed the. The congress drafted a declaration of colonial rights, which were ignored by Great Britain. 26. Colonists who remained true to Great Britain were called. 27. was Governor of Virginia; made famous for his patriotic cry, Give me Liberty, or give me Death! 28. The took place on December 16, 1773, when a group of radical patriots seized 342 chests of tea in a midnight raid on three tea ships and threw them into the harbor. 29. The was one of the first battles of the war. Although the British technically won this battle, American troops felt successful because of the unexpected large number of British casualties. 30. The ruler of Great Britain during the American Revolution was. 31. served as Washington s vice president and became the second President of the United States.

4 32. The Battle of was the turning point of the war. American and French troops came together to confidently defeat British troops. 33. Colonists were required to house British soldiers due to the. 34. wrote and published a pamphlet during the Revolution called Common Sense, which attacked Great Britain. 35. The Townshend Act and Tea Act resulted in the colonists. 36. was a brilliant printer, publisher, scientist and statesman. He assisted in the writing of the Declaration of Independence, and negotiated the Treaty of Paris (1783). 37. After a string of lost battles, General Washington and his ailing army had an extremely tough time during the as they waited for warm weather to regain their health and spirits. 38. were trained civilians ready to fight at a minute s notice. 39. The imposed taxes on all paper products. 40. The document, written by Thomas Jefferson, which severed ties with Mother England, is called the. It was approved by the colonies on July 4, was a on the Committee of Correspondence, a member of the First Continental Congress, and signed the Treaty of Paris (1783) with Benjamin Franklin and John Adams.

5 CLOZE ACTIVITY ANSWER KEY: 1. United States Constitution 2. George Washington 3. Sons of Liberty 4. patriots 5. Continental Army 6. Thomas Jefferson 7. French and Indian War 8. Nathan Hale 9. Concord and Lexington 10. Thomas Gage 11. Yorktown 12. Treaty of Paris (1783) 13. Townshend Acts 14. Samuel Adams 15. Committee of Correspondence 16. Boston Massacre 17. Paul Revere 18. Second Continental Congress 19. Sugar Act 20. Guilford Courthouse 21. Intolerable Acts 22. Lord Charles Cornwallis 23. Nathaniel Greene 24. delegates 25. Continental Congress 26. loyalists 27. Patrick Henry 28. Boston Tea Party 29. Battle of Bunker Hill 30. King George III 31. John Adams 32. Saratoga 33. Quartering Act 34. Thomas Paine 35. boycott on British tea 36. Benjamin Franklin 37. Winter at Valley Forge 38. militia and minutemen 39. Stamp Act 40. Declaration of Independence 41. John Jay

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