AMERICAN REVOLUTION. U.S. History Chapter 4

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1 AMERICAN REVOLUTION U.S. History Chapter 4

2 The primary cause of economic differences among the colonies in North America was geography. Longer growing season in the South led to an agriculture-based economy. 1. COLONIAL ECONOMIES

3 2. REPRESENTATIVE GOVERNMENT Both the Mayflower Compact and the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut laid the foundation for the growth of representative government in the colonies.

4 3. MERCANTILIST POLICIES The principle purpose of the 13 colonies was to provide Great Britain with raw materials and markets. Colonies served as market for British goods Colonies provided raw material for Britain Imports into colonies had to arrive on British ships Some colonial goods could be sold only to Britain

5 Colonists fought with British to gain land from France and Native Americans in the Ohio River Valley. 4. FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR

6 Proclamation of 1763: after war, Britain issued law to avoid conflicts between colonists and Native Americans. This proclamation angered colonists because it limited their freedom to move west. 5. FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR

7 After the French and Indian War, Britain passed the Stamp Act to help pay for the war. 6. STAMP ACT

8 Angry colonists participated in actions in opposition to the act and protested the tax with petitions and violent protests. 7. STAMP ACT

9 Colonists believed in the need for the consent of the governed, that they should be able to approve any taxes. 8. NO TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION

10 One protest, known as the Boston Tea Party, led to Britain passing the Intolerable Acts. 9. INTOLERABLE ACTS

11 The Intolerable Acts included: Quartering troops in private homes Contributed to the calling of the 1 st Continental Congress 10. INTOLERABLE ACTS

12 Sugar Act Stamp Act Townshend Acts Boston Massacre Boston Tea Party Intolerable Acts Led to outbreak of the American Revolution 11. EVENTS LEADING TO REVOLUTION

13 12. SHOT HEARD ROUND THE WORLD Minutemen from Concord and Lexington fired on British troops who were attempting to capture an arsenal of colonial weapons. 1 st shots of the Revolution were fired at Lexington.

14 Author of Common Sense, Paine advocated for declaring independence from England. 13. THOMAS PAINE

15 The most important accomplishment of the congress was the creation of the Declaration on Independence ND CONTINENTAL CONGRESS

16 15. DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness was used to identify unalienable rights.

17 16. DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE According to the Declaration of Independence, the main purpose of government is to protect rights of individuals.

18 17. DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE Author Thomas Jefferson was most influenced by Enlightenment thinker John Locke s social contract theory. Locke thought people had natural rights, such as equality and liberty.

19 The Battle of Saratoga was a turning point in the Revolution. Due to the Patriot victory over the British, France formed an open military alliance to help the patriots. 18. BATTLE OF SARATOGA

20 George Washington, Commander of the Continental Army John Paul Jones, naval commander who declared, I have not yet begun to fight! 19. HEROES OF THE REVOLUTION

21 Wentworth Cheswell, African American patriot and soldier Haym Solomon, Jewish merchant who helped finance the Revolution Bernardo de Galvez, governor of Spanish Louisiana Crispus Attucks, African American spy killed in the Boston Massacre 20. HEROES OF THE REVOLUTION

22 The Patriot victory at Battle of Yorktown ended the American Revolution. Cornwallis British troops surrendered to Washington s army. 21. BATTLE OF YORKTOWN

23 The Treaty of Paris in 1783 gave the newly formed United States recognition of its independence from Britain. 22. TREATY OF PARIS

24 Order of Events: 1639: Fundamental Orders of Connecticut 1759: French & Indian War 1773: Boston Tea Party 1776: Declaration of Independence 23. REVOLUTIONARY ERA

25 This Era in which various individuals sought to create an independent American republic is known as the Revolutionary Era. 24. REVOLUTIONARY ERA

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