1- England Became Great Britain in the early 1700s. 2- Economic relationships Great Britain imposed strict control over trade.

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1 1- England Became Great Britain in the early 1700s 2- Economic relationships Great Britain imposed strict control over trade. Great Britain taxed the colonies after the French and Indian War Colonies traded raw materials for goods Ex- Colonist give Great Britain Cotton and the Colonist get clothes back. 3- Political relationships Colonists had to obey British laws that were enforced by governors

2 Colonial governors were appointed by the king or the proprietor Colonial legislatures made laws for each colony and were monitored by colonial governors 4- Great Britain s Reasons for control Great Britain s desired to remain a world power In the American colonies, Great Britain s desire to remain a world power resulted in a conflict with the French know as the French and Indian War. Great Britain s imposed taxes, such as the Stamp Act, to raise necessary

3 revenue to pay the cost of the French and Indian War. 5- Great Britain s reason for taxation To help finance (pay) the French and Indian War To help with the maintaining of British troops in the colonies 6- Sources of colonial dissatisfaction Colonies had no representation in Parliament. What was the saying that colonist made up about this? No taxation without Representation Some colonists resented power of colonial governors.

4 Great Britain wanted strict control over colonial legislatures. The Proclamation of 1763 which followed the French and Indian War, restricted the western movement of settlers. 7- Name the British commander who surrendered to the colonist at Yorktown. Lord Cornwallis 8- John Adams was known for what during the American Revolution? Champion of Independence 9- George Washington was the general of the Continental Army. Lead forces across the Delaware river to surprise attack the British at the battle of Trenton

5 and also lead forces at the battle of Yorktown. 10- The major author of the Declaration of Independence was Thomas Jefferson. 11- Patrick Henry was a Outspoken member of Virginia s Burgess; famous for his speech which inspired colonial patriotism. He was famous for saying Give me Liberty or give me death!. 12- Phillis Wheatley was a former slave who wrote poems and plays supporting American independence. 13- Paul Revere was the patriot who made a daring ride to warn colonists of the British arrival.

6 14- Benjamin Franklin was a prominent member of Continental Congress ; helped to frame the Declaration of Independence; he also helped gain French Support for the American Revolution 15- King George III was the British King during the Revolutionary era; allowed unjust taxes to be placed on the colonist such as the Stamp Act, in order to pay for debts from the French & Indian War Enemy of the Americans 16- Boston Massacre- Colonists in Boston were shot after taunting British soldiers.

7 17- Boston Tea Party- Samuel Adams and Paul Revere led Patriots in throwing tea into Boston Harbor to protest tea taxes. 18- First Continental Congress- Delegates from all colonies except Georgia met to discuss problems with Great Britain and to promote independence. 19- Battle at Lexington and Concord- This was the site of the first armed conflict of the Revolutionary War. 20- Approval of the Declaration of Independence- Colonies declared independence from Great Britain ( July 4, 1776)

8 21- Battle of Saratoga- This American victory was the turning point in the war. 22- Surrender at Yorktown- This was the colonial victory over forces of Lord Cornwallis that marked the end of the Revolutionary War. 23- Signing of the Treaty of Paris- Great Britain recognized American independence in this treaty. Key Philosophies in the Declaration of Independence were based upon ideas first expressed by European philosophers. These ideas include- People have certain unalienable rights (rights that cannot be taken away) life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness

9 People establish government to protect those rights. The Government derives (gets) power from the people. People have a right and a duty to change a government that violates their rights. Thomas Jefferson took all these ideas and used them to justify the British colonist living in American separating from Great Britain and forming their own country. So all of these ideas are in the Declaration of Independence. Colonial advantages Some colonists defense of their own land, principles, and beliefs.

10 Additional Support from France Strong Leadership Ex. George Washington, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, etc

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