Chapter 9: Political Parties

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Chapter 9: Political Parties"

Transcription

1 Chapter 9: Political Parties What Is a Political Party? (pg.261) - A group of political activists who organize to win elections, to operate the government, and to determine public policy. What is an Interest Group? - Interest groups want to influence a specific type of public policy, but are not interested in controlling the government What are factions? - smaller groups of individuals from within a political party who are acting together in pursuit of some special interest or position

2 Functions of Political Parties in the United States Keep in mind: Although political parties were not provided for in the Constitution, they are now crucial to the operation of the government of the United States. Essential functions of political parties: Recruiting candidates Organizing and running for elections Presenting alternative policies Operating government Organized opposition

3 Short History of Political Parties in the U.S. The two-party system our own political landscape originated among supporters of the Constitution (the Federalists) and those who though the state should be the locus of authority and advocated a Bill of Rights (the Anti- Federalists). We can divide the evolution of our nation s political parties into six periods: 1789 to 1812: The Creation of Parties 1816 to 1828: The era of one-party rule, or personal politics 1828 to 1860: The Period of Andrew Jackson s presidency to just prior to the Civil War 1864 to 1892: The Post- Civil War Period 1896 to 1928: The Progressive Period 1932 to the present: The Modern Period

4 The Formative Years Short History (cont.) Took place between 1790 and Federalist Party became the first party to gain control of the national government. By 1796 the next major party came into the political process called the Democratic-Republicans Leader: Thomas Jefferson Within a few years, the party dropped the Republicans and were known simply as the Democratic Party The current Democratic Party claims its origin as the party built by Jefferson

5 Short History (cont.) Era of Personal Politics When attention centered on the character of individual candidates rather than on party identification. The Federalist Party began to erode as a viable party and from 1817 to 1828 only the Democratic-Republicans had control of the government This period, sometimes called The Era of Good Feeling, represents one of the very few times when the United States did not have a twoparty system.

6 Short History (cont.) National Two-Party Rule: Democrats & Whigs (pg.265) Whigs a.k.a National Republicans : The next major party to form was the Whigs in 1828 Whigs as a major political force came the return to a two-party system, which would last until the beginning of the turmoil of the Civil War As the issues of slavery and state rights divided the nation, political parties were also divided over these issues The Whigs began to collapse as a party in the mid-1840s and the Democrats began to divide into various factions Democrats: The oldest continuing political party in the Western world.

7 Short History (cont.) Post-Civil War Period As the Civil War was about to begin the next major party was becoming a factor in the political process The Republican Party (not to be confused with the Democratic-Republicans of the 1790s) controlled the government for most of 1860 to 1928 Abraham Lincoln belonged to the Republican Party It took the label of Grand Old Party, or GOP From the election of Lincoln until the election of FDR in 1932, the Republicans won all but four presidential elections. During this period the Democrats were the opposition party and only gained control of part of the government for brief periods

8 Short History (cont.) The Progressive Movement Major schism occurs in 1912 Teddy Roosevelt campaigned for the presidency as a Progressive Two other significant contenders challenge Teddy Woodrow Wilson DEM. William Howard Taft REP. Because of the split in the Republican Party, it allowed Wilson to be elected. The Progressive party collapses in 1921

9 Short History (cont.) The Modern Era: FDR elected in 1932 and reelected in 1936, 1940, 1944 Roosevelt used his enormous personal appeal to unify democrats He established direct communication between the president and the public through his radio fireside chats. Further reading on pg

10 The Three Faces of a Party Three components: Party in Electorate: The party in the electorate is comprised of the people who identify with the party or who regularly vote for the candidates of the party in general elections. Without the party in the electorate it would not be possible for the party to have electoral success. Party Organization: to provide leadership and structure for the party that is not a part of the government. Party in the Gov t: This includes all elected and appointed officials who gained office on the label of the party. Once in office the leaders work to organize the efforts of the party in order to influence governmental policy that is favorable to the platform of the party NOTE: For a political party to be successful it must have all three subunits.

11 Party Organization In theory American political parties are structured like a pyramid, with the national party organization at the top and the local party organization serving as the base National Party Organization State Party Organization Local Party Organization

12 Party Organization (cont.) However, this theoretical structure is not realistic. Instead, American political parties tend to operate like a confederacy, where the state parties act autonomously and have loose connections to each other, and to the national committee.

13 Party Organization (cont.) National Party Organization: Receives the most publicity during the national convention Members of the party who have been selected to attend the convention: 1. Meet to nominate the presidential candidate, 2. Approve the party platform, and 3. Approve the presidential candidate s selection of a vicepresidential candidate

14 Party Organization (cont.) State Party Organization: There is a state chairperson who is responsible for making the party competitive in elections at the state level. Like the national party each state holds a state convention, which endorses candidates of the party. A state party platform is drafted which focuses on issues at the state level of government.

15 Party Organization (cont.) Local Party Organization: The local party organization is very different in different regions of the country. In some areas there is little evidence that the party has any local organization. In other areas there is a very strong local organization that controls the local governmental process. The national party has little control over the local organization.

16 Party in the Government The partisan outcome of an election is important for a number of reasons: including the ability of the majority party to dominate committees in legislatures, decide appointments in the executive branch set the political agenda. Gaining an electoral partisan majority does not mean absolute power.

17 Two Major U.S. Parties and Their Members Unlike European parties, many of which are divided along class and religious lines, parties in the United States are very broad based coalitions. Because of the structure of the two-party system, both major parties must appeal to a wide range of citizens. Still certain groups are more likely to affiliate with one party.

18 Two Major U.S. Parties and Their Members (cont.) The Democratic Party has had support from the following groups: ethnic minorities members of labor unions Jewish voters the working class (blue collar) women The Republican Party has had the support from the following groups: college graduates higher income families professionals (white collar) business people

19 Why Has the Two Party System Endured? In 2002 the United States Constitution is over 212 years old. During this time there have been 108 Congresses elected and 52 presidential elections During only 28 years under the Constitution has the U.S. not had a two-party system. Since 1856, or for the last 146 years, the U.S. has had nothing but a two-party system. There are at least five major reasons for the twoparty system in the United States.

20 Important Key Terms: Sectional Politics National Politics Class Politics Plurality Electoral College

21 5 Reasons for the Two-Party System: 1. The historical foundations of the system 2. Political socialization and party identification 3. The commonality of views among Americans 4. The winner-take-all electoral system 5. State and Federal laws favoring the two-party system

22 Role of Minor Parties in U.S. Political History The 1992 presidential election serves as an excellent example of the impact a candidate who is not affiliated with one of the two major parties can have on the electoral process. Ross Perot ran as an independent candidate and received 19 percent of the total popular vote. - Only two candidates, not affiliated with a major party, have received a higher percentage of the popular vote in this century (T. Roosevelt 1912; and LaFollette 1924). However Mr. Perot, like Mr. Roosevelt, and Mr. LaFollette did not win the election. In Mr. Perot s case he did not receive any electoral votes. Nonetheless, many would contend that he impacted the election by taking votes from either Mr. Bush or Mr. Clinton. This demonstrates that candidates who are not from the two major parties are not likely to win an election, because of the reasons listed above Furthermore, when a candidate from a third party runs for the office of president and is unsuccessful and then runs again four years later the percentage of vote the candidate receives is considerably less. - Mr. Perot only received 8.5 percent of the popular vote in But candidates from minor parties can still have an impact on the political process.

23 Key Terms Third Parties A political party other than the two major political parties (Republican and Democratic). Usually, third parties are composed of dissatisfied groups that have split from the major parties. They act as indicators of political trends and as safety valves for dissident groups. Splinter Parties A new party formed by a dissident faction within a major political party. Usually, splinter parties have emerged when a particular personality was at odds with the major party.

24 Notable Minor Parties in History The following represent some of the more important minor parties based on a particular philosophy or ideology: - Socialist Labor Party (began 1877) - Socialist Party (began in 1901) - Communist Party (split from the Socialist Party in 1919) - Socialist Worker s Party (began in 1938) - Libertarian Party (began in 1972) - Reform Party (began in 1996)

25 Minor Parties (cont.) Not all minor parties have been based on a different ideology from the major parties. A few minor parties are formed when members of one of the two major parties are dissatisfied with the leader of the major party, or the members are dissatisfied with the platform of the major party. These are usually referred to as spin-off parties. - For example, the Bull-Moose Progressives were a spin-off of the Republican party. The Bull-Moose Progressives were those reform-minded Republicans who supported the candidacy of Theodore Roosevelt over that of William Howard Taft.

Political Parties. Political Party Systems

Political Parties. Political Party Systems Demonstrate knowledge of local, state, and national elections. Describe the historical development, organization, role, and constituencies of political parties. A political party is a group of people with

More information

Political Parties CHAPTER. Roles of Political Parties

Political Parties CHAPTER. Roles of Political Parties CHAPTER 9 Political Parties IIN THIS CHAPTERI Summary: Political parties are voluntary associations of people who seek to control the government through common principles based upon peaceful and legal

More information

Chapter 5: Political Parties Section 1

Chapter 5: Political Parties Section 1 Chapter 5: Political Parties Section 1 What is a Party? The party organization is the party professionals who run the party at all levels by contributing time, money, and skill. The party in government

More information

Chapter 5 Political Parties

Chapter 5 Political Parties Chapter 5 Political Parties Section 1 Parties and Objectives: What They Do Define a Political Party Describe the major functions of political parties Section 1 Parties and What They Do Why It Matters:

More information

Introduction What are political parties, and how do they function in our two-party system? Encourage good behavior among members

Introduction What are political parties, and how do they function in our two-party system? Encourage good behavior among members Chapter 5: Political Parties Section 1 Objectives Define a political party. Describe the major functions of political parties. Identify the reasons why the United States has a two-party system. Understand

More information

What is a political party?

What is a political party? POLITICAL PARTIES What is a political party? A group of people who work to get candidates nominated to political offices. A political party can be thought of as an organized group that tries to control

More information

Chapter 5 Political Parties. Section 1: Parties and what they do a. Winning isn t everything; it s the only thing. Vince Lombardi

Chapter 5 Political Parties. Section 1: Parties and what they do a. Winning isn t everything; it s the only thing. Vince Lombardi Chapter 5 Political Parties Section 1: Parties and what they do a. Winning isn t everything; it s the only thing. Vince Lombardi B. What is a party? a. Political Party i. ii. Generally joined together

More information

Chapter 5: Political Parties Ms. Nguyen American Government Bell Ringer: 1. What is this chapter s EQ? 2. Interpret the quote below: No America

Chapter 5: Political Parties Ms. Nguyen American Government Bell Ringer: 1. What is this chapter s EQ? 2. Interpret the quote below: No America Chapter 5: Political Parties Ms. Nguyen American Government Bell Ringer: 1. What is this chapter s EQ? 2. Interpret the quote below: No America without democracy, no democracy without politics, no politics

More information

Chapter 5. Political Parties

Chapter 5. Political Parties Chapter 5 Political Parties Section 1: Parties and what they do Winning isn t everything; it s the only thing. Political Party What is a party? A group or persons who seek to control government through

More information

NAME DATE BLOCK. 6) According to the discussion in class, how are interest groups different from political parties? 10) 11)

NAME DATE BLOCK. 6) According to the discussion in class, how are interest groups different from political parties? 10) 11) NAME DATE BLOCK The American Citizen Study Guide Chapter 10: Political Parties Score: points out of possible Section 1: Political Parties Play Many Roles What are the main questions answered in this section?

More information

Political Parties. the evolution of the party system.

Political Parties. the evolution of the party system. Political Parties Objective: SWBAT describe the roles, functions and organizations of American political parties, how they differ from other democracies, and the evolution of the party system. Political

More information

Terms of Congress is 2 years 1 st term March 1789, ended 1791

Terms of Congress is 2 years 1 st term March 1789, ended 1791 Chapter 10 Congress Section 1: National Legislature Bicameral congress 1. Historical Great Britain had one, most colonies as well 2. Practical compromise between big state and small state issue 3. Theoretical

More information

CHAPTER 12 POLITICAL PARTIES. President Bush and the implementations of his party s platform. Party Platforms: Moderate But Different (Table 12.

CHAPTER 12 POLITICAL PARTIES. President Bush and the implementations of his party s platform. Party Platforms: Moderate But Different (Table 12. CHAPTER 12 POLITICAL PARTIES President Bush and the implementations of his party s platform Party Platforms: Moderate But Different (Table 12.1) 2006 midterm election and the political parties What is

More information

Do you think that political parties are good for American politics? Why or why not?

Do you think that political parties are good for American politics? Why or why not? The Constitution makes no mention of political parties, but the first ones formed during the early years of the republic. Today, the United States has several political parties, although two the Democrats

More information

Chapter Nine. Political Parties

Chapter Nine. Political Parties Chapter Nine Political Parties Political Parties A party is a group that seeks to by supplying them with a label (party identification), by which they are known to the electorate United States parties

More information

Official. Republican. Seal of Approval. Political Parties: Overview and Function. Save Our Jobs Vote. Republican. Informer-Stimulator.

Official. Republican. Seal of Approval. Political Parties: Overview and Function. Save Our Jobs Vote. Republican. Informer-Stimulator. Political Parties: Overview and Function A political party is a group of people who seek to control government by winning elections and holding public office. Usually the group joins together on the basis

More information

I. Chapter Overview. What Is a Political Party? Roots of the American Party System. A. Learning Objectives

I. Chapter Overview. What Is a Political Party? Roots of the American Party System. A. Learning Objectives I. Chapter Overview A. Learning Objectives 12.1 Trace the evolution of the two-party system in the United States 12.2 Outline the structure of American political parties at the national, state, and local

More information

AGENDA Thurs 10/22 & Fri 10/23

AGENDA Thurs 10/22 & Fri 10/23 AGENDA Thurs 10/22 & Fri 10/23 RAP #24: Blue v. Red History of Political Parties HW: Party Platform: Part 1 & 2 DUE: 10/26 EC #2 DUE: Tues 10/27 & Wed10/28 Midterm Exam & Essay Thurs 10/29 & Fri 10/30

More information

Magruder s American Government

Magruder s American Government Presentation Pro Magruder s American Government C H A P T E R Political Parties 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. S E C T I O N 1 Parties and What They Do What is a political party? What are the major functions

More information

UNIT THREE POLITICAL PARTIES. Jessup 16

UNIT THREE POLITICAL PARTIES. Jessup 16 UNIT THREE ITEM ELECTIONS INTEREST GROUPS MASS MEDIA OF LINKAGE A group which tries to win elections so they can control the government. A process in which one person is selected for a governmental job.

More information

History of Our Parties

History of Our Parties History of Our Parties -the first parties -Federalist/Democratic- Republicans Hamilton did not trust people Jefferson give power to people -Democrats/Whigs Formed just before Civil War -Democrats / Republicans

More information

POLITICAL PARTIES. In this chapter we will cover

POLITICAL PARTIES. In this chapter we will cover POLITICAL PARTIES POLITICAL PARTIES In this chapter we will cover What is a Political Party? The Evolution of American Party Democracy The Roles of American Parties One-Partyism and Third-Partyism The

More information

Historical Timeline of Important Political Parties in the United States

Historical Timeline of Important Political Parties in the United States Historical Timeline of Important Political Parties in the United States 1789 - Federalist Party The Federalist Party, referred to as the Pro-Administration party until the 3rd United States Congress, was

More information

connect the people to the government. These institutions include: elections, political parties, interest groups, and the media.

connect the people to the government. These institutions include: elections, political parties, interest groups, and the media. Overriding Questions 1. How has the decline of political parties influenced elections and campaigning? 2. How do political parties positively influence campaigns and elections and how do they negatively

More information

Chapter 07 Political Parties

Chapter 07 Political Parties 1. A(n) can be defined as a group of individuals who organize to win elections, operate the government, and determine policy. a. political party b. congressional committee c. parliament d. union e. electorate

More information

***POLITICAL PARTIES*** DEFINITION: A group of politicians, activists, and voters who seek to win elections and control government.

***POLITICAL PARTIES*** DEFINITION: A group of politicians, activists, and voters who seek to win elections and control government. ***POLITICAL PARTIES*** DEFINITION: A group of politicians, activists, and voters who seek to win elections and control government. Ex: Democrat, Republican, Whig, Libertarian KEY FUNCTIONS OF MODERN POLITICAL

More information

Political Polit Parties Parti

Political Polit Parties Parti Political Parties Chapter 5 S E C T I O N 1 What Is a Party? A political party is a group of persons who seek to control government by winning elections and holding office. The two major parties in American

More information

UNIT 4 INTEREST GROUPS, POLITICAL PARTIES, MASS MEDIA

UNIT 4 INTEREST GROUPS, POLITICAL PARTIES, MASS MEDIA UNIT 4 INTEREST GROUPS, POLITICAL PARTIES, MASS MEDIA INTEREST GROUPS Historical Background of Interest Groups Interest groups have often been viewed with suspicion. In Federalist #10, James Madison warned

More information

6 A primary in which voters do not have to affiliate with a party is called a(n) primary. a. transparent b. blanket c. open d. closed 7 In which case

6 A primary in which voters do not have to affiliate with a party is called a(n) primary. a. transparent b. blanket c. open d. closed 7 In which case 1 Which term describes the general patterns of voters' party identification and their behavior on election day? a. party in the electorate b. patronage c. party plurality d. frontloading 2 All of a party's

More information

IDEOLOGY Your political ideology is determined by how much government control you think there should be over the economy and people s personal

IDEOLOGY Your political ideology is determined by how much government control you think there should be over the economy and people s personal IDEOLOGY Your political ideology is determined by how much government control you think there should be over the economy and people s personal choices (social issues). Socialists, Communists, National

More information

REPUBLICANS For Voldemort. VOTE REPUBLICAN it s easier than thinking. VOTE DEMOCRAT it s easier than working. Thomas Nast.

REPUBLICANS For Voldemort. VOTE REPUBLICAN it s easier than thinking. VOTE DEMOCRAT it s easier than working. Thomas Nast. REPUBLICANS For Voldemort Ted Kennedy s car has killed more people than Dick Cheney s gun. VOTE REPUBLICAN it s easier than thinking VOTE DEMOCRAT it s easier than working Thomas Nast Democrat Donkey first

More information

10/15/2015. Ch. 8. Political Parties. Shannon Stapleton/Reuters

10/15/2015. Ch. 8. Political Parties. Shannon Stapleton/Reuters Political Parties Ch. 8 Shannon Stapleton/Reuters 1 Learning Objectives 8.1 8.2 Identify the functions that political parties perform in American democracy. 8 Determine the significance of party identification

More information

SS.7.C.2.8 Political Parties. Reading: Political Parties: What Do Parties Stand For? (Mark the text with a purpose!)

SS.7.C.2.8 Political Parties. Reading: Political Parties: What Do Parties Stand For? (Mark the text with a purpose!) SS.7.C.2.8 Political Parties Videos: ****At the end of this lesson, I will be able to do the following: compare current political parties ideas about government. evaluate the impact political parties have

More information

to. Iniflfln Voting Influences and Patterns Factors that Influence Voters Other Factors 5 5 % 60-I

to. Iniflfln Voting Influences and Patterns Factors that Influence Voters Other Factors 5 5 % 60-I Voting Influences and Patterns 5.17 Factors that Influence Voters Personal Characteristics. Many things influence how a person votes: gender, age, income and occupation, education, and religious and ethnic

More information

Video: The Big Picture. IA_1/polisci/presidency/Edwards_Ch08_Political_Parties_S eg1_v2.

Video: The Big Picture.   IA_1/polisci/presidency/Edwards_Ch08_Political_Parties_S eg1_v2. Political Parties 8 Video: The Big Picture 8 http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss/ssa_shared_med IA_1/polisci/presidency/Edwards_Ch08_Political_Parties_S eg1_v2.html Learning Objectives 8 8.1 Identify the

More information

Monroe, Chapter 3 Federalism Monroe, Chapter 9 (part) Parties. Exam I Wednesday. Friday: Ellis & Nelson, Chpt 10.

Monroe, Chapter 3 Federalism Monroe, Chapter 9 (part) Parties. Exam I Wednesday. Friday: Ellis & Nelson, Chpt 10. Monroe, Chapter 3 Federalism Monroe, Chapter 9 (part) Parties Exam I Wednesday Friday: Ellis & Nelson, Chpt 10. Party nominations I. Political Parties Why Parties? What do Parties do? How do parties resolve

More information

POLITICAL PARTIES FUNCTIONS OF POLITICAL PARTIES

POLITICAL PARTIES FUNCTIONS OF POLITICAL PARTIES POLITICAL PARTIES Today many Americans take pride in their status as independent voters, partly because they see parties as lacking vision for the country. Since many people think that each of the major

More information

The Political Spectrum

The Political Spectrum The Political Spectrum 14-20 21-30 31-37 38-46 47-56 Liberal Moderately Moderate Moderately Conservative Liberal Conservative Communists Socialists Democrats Centrists Republicans Libertarians Fascists

More information

SS7 CIVICS, CH. 8.1 THE GROWTH OF AMERICAN PARTIES FALL 2016 PP. PROJECT

SS7 CIVICS, CH. 8.1 THE GROWTH OF AMERICAN PARTIES FALL 2016 PP. PROJECT PROJECT SS7 CIVICS, CH. 8.1 THE GROWTH OF AMERICAN PARTIES DATE FALL 2016 CLIENT PP. 1. WHAT IS A POLITICAL PARTY? A POLITICAL PARTY IS AN ASSOCIATION OF VOTERS WITH COMMON INTERESTS WHO WANT TO INFLUENCE

More information

American Politics 101. American Politics 101. American Politics 101

American Politics 101. American Politics 101. American Politics 101 political system? Our tradition of having two major political parties began with the fight for ratification of the US Constitution Federalist - Supported ratification of the new constitution Anti-Federalist

More information

Today: (1) Political Parties and Elections (continued) (2) The Founders Legacy. (3) Westward Expansion and Democracy

Today: (1) Political Parties and Elections (continued) (2) The Founders Legacy. (3) Westward Expansion and Democracy Today: (1) Political Parties and Elections (continued) (2) The Founders Legacy (3) Westward Expansion and Democracy Structure and party politics U.S. System Single representative districts Plurality winner

More information

Chapter 7 Political Parties: Essential to Democracy

Chapter 7 Political Parties: Essential to Democracy Key Chapter Questions Chapter 7 Political Parties: Essential to Democracy 1. What do political parties do for American democracy? 2. How has the nomination of candidates changed throughout history? Also,

More information

CHAPTER 8 - POLITICAL PARTIES

CHAPTER 8 - POLITICAL PARTIES CHAPTER 8 - POLITICAL PARTIES LEARNING OBJECTIVES After studying Chapter 8, you should be able to: 1. Discuss the meaning and functions of a political party. 2. Discuss the nature of the party-in-the-electorate,

More information

Political party major parties Republican Democratic

Political party major parties Republican Democratic Political Parties American political parties are election-oriented. Political party - a group of persons who seek to control government by winning elections and holding office. The two major parties in

More information

Political Parties. Shannon Stapleton/Reuters. Copyright 2016, 2014, 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Political Parties. Shannon Stapleton/Reuters. Copyright 2016, 2014, 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved Political Parties 8 Shannon Stapleton/Reuters Warm-Up Activity 1. What policy differences are found between Democrats and Republicans? 8.1 2. What social groups tend to identify more with the Democratic

More information

Political Parties in the United States (HAA)

Political Parties in the United States (HAA) Political Parties in the United States (HAA) Political parties have played an important role in American politics since the early years of the Republic. Yet many of the nation s founders did not approve

More information

The Origins and Functions of Political Parties

The Origins and Functions of Political Parties Article The Origins and Functions of Political Parties An encyclopedic article from Grolier Online and The New Book of Knowledge A political party is a group of voters organized to support certain public

More information

INTRODUCTION THE MEANING OF PARTY

INTRODUCTION THE MEANING OF PARTY C HAPTER OVERVIEW INTRODUCTION Although political parties may not be highly regarded by all, many observers of politics agree that political parties are central to representative government because they

More information

AP US GOVERNMENT: CHAPER 7: POLITICAL PARTIES: ESSENTIAL TO DEMOCRACY

AP US GOVERNMENT: CHAPER 7: POLITICAL PARTIES: ESSENTIAL TO DEMOCRACY AP US GOVERNMENT: CHAPER 7: POLITICAL PARTIES: ESSENTIAL TO DEMOCRACY Before political parties, candidates were listed alphabetically, and those whose names began with the letters A to F did better than

More information

What Is A Political Party?

What Is A Political Party? What Is A Political Party? A group of office holders, candidates, activists, and voters who identify with a group label and seek to elect to public office individuals who run under that label. Consist

More information

Name: Class: Date: ID: A

Name: Class: Date: ID: A Class: Date: Chapter 5 Test Matching IDENTIFYING KEY TERMS Match each item with the correct statement below. You will not use all the terms. Some terms may be used more than once. a. coalition b. political

More information

AP Civics Chapter 8 Notes Political Parties, Candidates, and Campaigns: Defining the Voters Choice. I. Introduction

AP Civics Chapter 8 Notes Political Parties, Candidates, and Campaigns: Defining the Voters Choice. I. Introduction AP Civics Chapter 8 Notes Political Parties, Candidates, and Campaigns: Defining the Voters Choice I. Introduction In 2000 Republican Party nominated George W. Bush for President (Dick Cheney V.P.) and

More information

CHAPTER 12 POLITICAL PARTIES. Narrative Lecture Outline

CHAPTER 12 POLITICAL PARTIES. Narrative Lecture Outline CHAPTER 12 POLITICAL PARTIES Narrative Lecture Outline What is a Political Party? At the most basic level, a political party is a group of office holders, candidates, activists, and voters who identify

More information

Read this in your textbook

Read this in your textbook Read Federalist 10 on Pknock.com James Madison Read Divided Government by David Mayhew on Pknock.com (may have to go to 2305 tab Unit 2) Read this in your textbook Political Parties Are Political Parties

More information

Political Parties Chapter Summary

Political Parties Chapter Summary Political Parties Chapter Summary I. Introduction (234-236) The founding fathers feared that political parties could be forums of corruption and national divisiveness. Today, most observers agree that

More information

Warm Up/Do Now: Defend or Attack the Following Quote 4 Minutes. By Mr. Cegielski

Warm Up/Do Now: Defend or Attack the Following Quote 4 Minutes. By Mr. Cegielski Essential Questions: What are the origins of political parties? Did the Founders intend for them to exist? What are the functions of political parties? Are political parties necessary? What are the party

More information

APGAP Reading Quiz 2A AMERICAN POLITICAL PARTIES

APGAP Reading Quiz 2A AMERICAN POLITICAL PARTIES 1. Which of the following is TRUE of political parties in the United States? a. Parties require dues. b. Parties issue membership cards to all members. c. Party members agree on all major issues or they

More information

CHAPTER OUTLINE WITH KEYED-IN RESOURCES

CHAPTER OUTLINE WITH KEYED-IN RESOURCES OVERVIEW A political party exists in three arenas: among the voters who psychologically identify with it, as a grassroots organization staffed and led by activists, and as a group of elected officials

More information

WARM UP. 2 Match the presidential event with the president or presidents that it belongs with

WARM UP. 2 Match the presidential event with the president or presidents that it belongs with WARM UP 1 Complete the Progressive Presidential comparison activity 2 Match the presidential event with the president or presidents that it belongs with 3 Research the event if it was not discussed in

More information

CHAPTER 9: Political Parties

CHAPTER 9: Political Parties CHAPTER 9: Political Parties Reading Questions 1. The Founders and George Washington in particular thought of political parties as a. the primary means of communication between voters and representatives.

More information

Parties and What They Do 5

Parties and What They Do 5 Section 1: Guided Reading and Review Parties and What They Do As you read Section 1, write the correct answers in the blanks provided on the chart below. Functions of Political Parties Function Description

More information

Political Parties. Carl Johnson Government Jenks High School

Political Parties. Carl Johnson Government Jenks High School Political Parties Carl Johnson Government Jenks High School Political Parties and What They Do Political Parties are one way in which people can participate in politics A political party is a group of

More information

Wednesday, March 7 th

Wednesday, March 7 th Parties and Politics 1 Wednesday, March 7 th Final version of Essay 1 version due in lab tomorrow or Friday Film #2: Glory on Wednesday, March 14 th and Thursday, March 15 th in 140 JSB at 5:00 and 7:30

More information

First Two-Party System Federalists v. Republicans, 1780s Second Two-Party System Democrats v. Whigs,

First Two-Party System Federalists v. Republicans, 1780s Second Two-Party System Democrats v. Whigs, First Two-Party System Federalists v., 1780s - 1801 Federalists Favored strong central government. Emphasized states' rights. "Loose" interpretation of the Constitution. "Strict" interpretation of the

More information

First Two-Party System Federalists v. Republicans, 1780s [In practice, these generalizations were often blurred and sometimes contradicted.

First Two-Party System Federalists v. Republicans, 1780s [In practice, these generalizations were often blurred and sometimes contradicted. First Two-Party System Federalists v., 1780s - 1801 Federalists 1. Favored strong central government. 2. "Loose" interpretation of the Constitution. 3. Encouragement of commerce and manufacturing. 4. Strongest

More information

Ch. 7: Citizen Participation and Political Parties

Ch. 7: Citizen Participation and Political Parties Ch. 7: Citizen Participation and Political Parties I. What defines citizenship? p. 002 1. US Constitution did not originally say how citizenship was to be determined 2. Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857) the

More information

Unit 4 Political Behavior

Unit 4 Political Behavior Unit 4 Political Behavior Ch. 11 Political Parties Roots of the Two-Party System The Development of the Political Parties, 1800 1824 Jacksonian Democracy, 1824 1860 The Golden Age, 1860 1932 The Modern

More information

American Poli-cal Par-es

American Poli-cal Par-es American Poli-cal Par-es Overview Definition Functions Evolution of the American Party System The Two Party System Party Organization Campaign Finance Defini-on Political Parties A group of political activists

More information

Parties and Elections. Selections from Chapters 11 & 12

Parties and Elections. Selections from Chapters 11 & 12 Parties and Elections Selections from Chapters 11 & 12 Party Eras in American History Party Eras Historical periods in which a majority of voters cling to the party in power Critical Election An electoral

More information

Family at least 85% same as parents 40-60% Worldview [a.k.a. religion or philosophy] Class Region Experiences Gender Race Personal Historical

Family at least 85% same as parents 40-60% Worldview [a.k.a. religion or philosophy] Class Region Experiences Gender Race Personal Historical Frye Gov Family 18-21 at least 85% same as parents 40-60% Worldview [a.k.a. religion or philosophy] Class Region Experiences Gender Race Personal Historical Education [Teachers are #2 shapers] The Process

More information

CH. 9 ELECTIONS AND CAMPAIGNS

CH. 9 ELECTIONS AND CAMPAIGNS APGoPo - Unit 3 CH. 9 ELECTIONS AND CAMPAIGNS Elections form the foundation of a modern democracy, and more elections are scheduled every year in the United States than in any other country in the world.

More information

Government in America: People, Politics, and Policy Thirteenth Edition, and Texas Edition Edwards/Wattenberg/Lineberry. Chapter 8.

Government in America: People, Politics, and Policy Thirteenth Edition, and Texas Edition Edwards/Wattenberg/Lineberry. Chapter 8. Government in America: People, Politics, and Policy Thirteenth Edition, and Texas Edition Edwards/Wattenberg/Lineberry Chapter 8 Political Parties The Meaning of Party Political Party: A team of men [and

More information

Political Parties & Conventions

Political Parties & Conventions Political Parties & Conventions This presentation can be used alone or in conjunction with Carolina K-12 s lesson Political Parties & Conventions, available in the Database of K-12 Resources. To view this

More information

Chapter 8: Parties, Interest Groups, and Public Policy

Chapter 8: Parties, Interest Groups, and Public Policy Chapter 8: Parties, Interest Groups, and Public Policy 2. Political Parties in the United States Political parties have played an important role in American politics since the early years of the Republic.

More information

The Constitution of the United States of America

The Constitution of the United States of America The Constitution of the United States of America The Federal Government is made up of 3 Branches that have individual powers, duties, and responsibilities. Qualifications to be a: *Representative *Senator

More information

The Minor Parties . L NATURAL :*~** LAW PARTY. SacUOD Pravlaw. Minor Parties in the United States. * single-issue parties. * splinter parties

The Minor Parties . L NATURAL :*~** LAW PARTY. SacUOD Pravlaw. Minor Parties in the United States. * single-issue parties. * splinter parties The Minor Parties SacUOD Pravlaw OBJECTIVES WHY 1. Identify the types of minor parties that Many minor parties have been active in American politics. They provide alternatives to the positions of the major

More information

Unit 4 Active Citizenship

Unit 4 Active Citizenship Unit 4 Active Citizenship Objective 1 Explain the process of naturalization, as well as the rights and responsibilities of American citizens. Objective 2 Analyze the role of political parties, the media,

More information

How do parties contribute to democratic politics?

How do parties contribute to democratic politics? Chapter Objectives Evaluate how political parties both contribute to and detract from democratic politics Trace the history of political parties in the U.S. and assess the contemporary system Compare and

More information

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Exam Name MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) Democratic complaints during the 2004 elections included the Bush Administration╩╣s A)

More information

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Exam Name MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) One of the various ways in which parties contribute to democratic governance is by. A)

More information

A History of Political Parties in the US

A History of Political Parties in the US A History of Political Parties in the US What is a Political Party? A Political Party is a group of persons who seek to control government through the winning of elections and the holding of public office

More information

Chapter 9 Political Parties 325

Chapter 9 Political Parties 325 Chapter 9 Political Parties 325 Chapter 9 Political Parties Figure 9.1 The families of the 2012 presidential candidates joined in the festivities at the Democratic National Convention in Charlotte, North

More information

[ 11.1 ] Political Parties and What They Do

[ 11.1 ] Political Parties and What They Do [ 11.1 ] Political Parties and What They Do [ 11.1 ] Political Parties and What They Do Learning Objectives Understand the origins of political parties in the United States and analyze their major functions.

More information

CHAPTER 12 POLITICAL PARTIES. Narrative Lecture Outline

CHAPTER 12 POLITICAL PARTIES. Narrative Lecture Outline CHAPTER 12 POLITICAL PARTIES Narrative Lecture Outline What is a Political Party? At the most basic level, a political party is a group of office holders, candidates, activists, and voters who identify

More information

Government study guide chapter 8

Government study guide chapter 8 Government study guide chapter 8 Vocabulary Party Competition: The battle of the parities for control of public offices. Ups and downs of the two major parties are one of the most important elements in

More information

Chapter 5: Political Parties Section 1

Chapter 5: Political Parties Section 1 Chapter 5: Political Parties Section 1 Objectives 1. Define a political party. 2. Describe the major functions of political parties. 3. Identify the reasons why the United States has a two-party system.

More information

Why It Matters. Why do people join political parties? Why does America have a two-party system?

Why It Matters. Why do people join political parties? Why does America have a two-party system? Why It Matters Why do people join political parties? Why does America have a two-party system? Chapter Audio Political and economic institutions evolve to help individuals and groups accomplish their goals.

More information

MEMORANDUM. I wanted to review for your information how your efforts and your RNC were critical in making those historic gains possible.

MEMORANDUM. I wanted to review for your information how your efforts and your RNC were critical in making those historic gains possible. Republican National Committee MEMORANDUM Michael S. Steele Chairman TO: FROM: Members of the Republican National Committee Michael S. Steele, Chairman DATE: November 18, 2010 RE: RNC Fundraising and turnout

More information

A History of Political Parties in the US

A History of Political Parties in the US A History of Political Parties in the US What is a Political Party? A Political Party is a group of persons who seek to control government through the winning of elections and the holding of public office

More information

3/28/12. Progressivism Under Taft and Wilson

3/28/12. Progressivism Under Taft and Wilson Progressivism Under Taft and Wilson Taft won the 1908 Presidential election over William Jennings Bryan He promised to continue Roosevelt s progressive reforms, but appointed no progressives to his cabinet

More information

Chapter 13: The Presidency Section 4

Chapter 13: The Presidency Section 4 Chapter 13: The Presidency Section 4 Objectives 1. Describe the role of conventions in the presidential nominating process. 2. Evaluate the importance of presidential primaries. 3. Understand the caucus-convention

More information

Chapter 8. Political Parties

Chapter 8. Political Parties Chapter 8 Political Parties Factions Tyranny of the Majority Factions Cause corruption Create divisiveness The problem, in a democracy, comes when a faction is more than 50%, because then it can vote in

More information

Today: Rise of Political Parties

Today: Rise of Political Parties Today: Rise of Political Parties Refresher: Three levels of law Natural law (natural rights) Fundamental/constitutional law Regular legislation Judicial Review power of American courts to determine whether

More information

The American Electoral Process By Mike Kubic 2016

The American Electoral Process By Mike Kubic 2016 Name: Class: The American Electoral Process By Mike Kubic 2016 In this article, Mike Kubic, a former correspondent of Newsweek, explains the history and function of the United States Electoral College.

More information

Role of Political and Legal Systems. Unit 5

Role of Political and Legal Systems. Unit 5 Role of Political and Legal Systems Unit 5 Political Labels Liberal call for peaceful and gradual change of the nations political system, would like to see the government involved in the promotion of the

More information

AP U.S. Government & Politics Exam ch 8 PRACTICE 2014

AP U.S. Government & Politics Exam ch 8 PRACTICE 2014 AP U.S. Government & Politics Exam ch 8 PRACTICE 2014 1. Party machines dominate local party organizations today. 2. For all the talk about politicians' broken promises, there are many more times that

More information

To understand the U.S. electoral college and, more generally, American democracy, it is critical to understand that when voters go to the polls on

To understand the U.S. electoral college and, more generally, American democracy, it is critical to understand that when voters go to the polls on To understand the U.S. electoral college and, more generally, American democracy, it is critical to understand that when voters go to the polls on Tuesday, November 8th, they are not voting together in

More information

Indicate the answer choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Indicate the answer choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Indicate the answer choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. The Electoral College Process 1. According to the diagram, what is Congress s role in the Electoral College process?

More information

CH.10: POLITICAL PARTIES

CH.10: POLITICAL PARTIES CH.10: POLITICAL PARTIES LEARNING GOAL Student will be able to understand the importance of an informed electorate in evaluating candidates and understand the evolution and impact of political and social

More information

Bellwork. Explain the purpose of a political party.

Bellwork. Explain the purpose of a political party. Bellwork Explain the purpose of a political party. Unit 4: Linkage Institutions APGOPO Questions 1. What are the 4 linkage institutions? Political Parties 1. Linkage Institutions are groups / organizations

More information