NAME DATE BLOCK. 6) According to the discussion in class, how are interest groups different from political parties? 10) 11)

Save this PDF as:

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "NAME DATE BLOCK. 6) According to the discussion in class, how are interest groups different from political parties? 10) 11)"

Transcription

1 NAME DATE BLOCK The American Citizen Study Guide Chapter 10: Political Parties Score: points out of possible Section 1: Political Parties Play Many Roles What are the main questions answered in this section? 1) 2) According to political scientist Clinton Rossiter, democratic government in American won t work without political parties groups of citizens who are organized to do three things 3) 4) 5) 6) According to the discussion in class, how are interest groups different from political parties? What are the most important functions of political parties? 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) Outside of government, political parties play other, equally important roles in our system 12) 13) 14)

2 Section 2: Two Parties Dominate American Politics What main questions will be answered in this section? 15) 16) 17) Most countries governments can be classified as having one-party, multi-party, or two-party systems. What are five main characteristics of one-party systems? 18) 19) 20) 21) 22) What are four common characteristics of multi-party political systems? 23) 24) 25) 26) The two-party political system is rare, has its roots in 27) politics, and are found almost entirely in 28) - speaking countries. America s first two political parties were founded in 1796 by supporters of John Adams and admirers of Thomas Jefferson. What were the names of the first two parties? 29) 30) 31) Since what year have Democrats and Republicans dominated Congress and the presidency? 2

3 The U.S. has such a stable two-party system because of a combination of four major factors that created the system and gave it the strength to last 32) 33) 34) 35) Despite their handicaps, minor parties play important roles 36) they serve as 37) they have often 38) major parties adopt 39) Third party or minor party sometimes compete successfully because of a candidate s personal popularity such was the case when (name) who ran for President as leader of the Bull Moose, or Progressive Party. Sometimes third parties compete successfully because of an issue that splits a major party; such was the case with these third parties 40) the Party in the late 1800s 41) Robert LaFollette s Party in the early 1900s 42) George Wallace s Party in the 1960s Some third parties have been spoilers they prevent one of the major party candidates from winning an election; such was the case with these elections 43) in 1912, Theodore Roosevelt s Bull Moose Party supporters prevented Republican (name) from winning re-election 44) in 1968, George Wallace s racist white southern supporters helped Republican (name) win the presidency 45) supporters helped elect Republican George W. Bush and defeat Democrat Al Gore in 2000 Some political parties based on issues have found some success in our political history including, before the Civil War, these two political parties founded around the issue of abolishing slavery 46) Party 47 Party 3

4 48) Before 1900, an anti-immigration, racist, nativist, anti-catholic political party, popularly called the Party, attracted some of the redneck vote. 49) True or False (circle one) The Prohibition Party is still active and running candidates for office, today. The Greenback Party in the late 1800s called for what three things, that were eventually adopted by the Democratic Party? 50) 51) 52) The Populist Party in the late 1800s called for what three things, that were eventually adopted by the Democratic Party? 53) 54) 55) The U.S. political system has also seen the rise of minor ideological parties, with far-left or far-right views on major issues and often, they advocate far-reaching changes in society. What do these two left-wing ideological parties advocate? 56) the Communist Party advocates 57) the Socialist Party advocates What do these two right-wing ideological parties advocate? 58) the Libertarian Party stresses 59) the American Nazi Party advocates 4

5 Some third parties form when disagreements within a major party become so serious that a group splits off, or splinters including these splinter parties 60) in 1948, racist segregationist Strom Thurmond s Party 61) also in 1948, Henry Wallace s Party Some minor parties successfully establish a base in a single state and may elect state officials and even members of Congress examples include these two 62) the Conservative and Liberal parties in 63) the Party in Minnesota Section 3: Politics Are Part of American History What main questions are answered in this section? 64) 65) 66) The Federalist Party was founded by (name) when he took on the job of creating a coalition among various factions to support President Washington s political agenda. 67) The Federalist Party grew out of the group of people who supported the ratification of the in The Federalist Party advocated three main things, at first 68) 69) 70) The Federalist Party was supported by what three main groups? 71) 72) 73) 74) Opponents of the Federalist Party s plans found a natural leader in (name), whose supporters eventually became the nation's second political party. 75) What was the name of the second U.S. political party? 5

6 What were the main groups in society that supported the second political party? 76) 78) 77) What did the second U.S. political party advocate, or favor, at its beginning? 79) 80 81) In the election of 1796, John Adams became the first and only Federalist Party President of the U.S. Who was his Vice President/ 82) The election of 1800 was an extremely important presidential election in our political history, partly because it was the first election finally settled by what elected group of officials? 83) The results of the Election of 1800 was a party re-alignment from this point on, which political party dominated national politics until the Civil War? 84) Because of the chaos of the presidential election in 1800, a constitutional amendment was passed, changing the manner in which presidents are elected by the Electoral College. Which amendment was this? (number) 85) The presidential election of 1824 was not settled by the Electoral College no one candidate got a majority of the votes, there although Democratic Party candidate Andrew Jackson had the most votes, who won the presidency? 86) Which political party finally emerged in the period before the Civil War to oppose the Democratic Party?. Which two Presidents were elected from this short-lived political party? 87) 88) 89) In the decade before the Civil War, a new coalition of anti-slavery groups created a new political party, and ran its first presidential candidate in 1856 what party was this? 90) Who was this new party s presidential candidate in 1856? 91) Who was this new party s presidential candidate in 1860? 92) After the Civil War, which political party became dominant in the northern states of America? 93) After the Civil War, which political party came to dominate the southern states? 6

7 94) What was this situation in the South called, for the next century? 95) Beginning in the 1880s, what nickname was applied to the Republican Party? 96) Between 1860 and 1932, there were only two Democratic Party presidents. Who were they? 97) How did the election of Franklin Roosevelt in 1932 change the balance between parties for several decades? 98) The election of Franklin Roosevelt in 1932, and his re-election three more times, were possible because of the New Deal Coalition of seven groups of voters; what groups were they? 99) In the presidential election of 1968, Republican Richard Nixon successfully used his Southern Strategy to get himself elected. What was his strategy all about? 100) Since 1968, there has been a population shift in the U.S. Describe it briefly, here. 101) Politically, what has been the result of the growth in population in the Sun Belt since the end of World War Two? (what ideological group has gained a lot more power?) Section 4: How Do Democrats and Republicans Differ? What main questions are answered in this section? 102) 103) The strength of America s two-party system comes from major qualities shared by both Republicans and Democrats 104) 105) 106) 7

8 107) Most American political parties are broker parties. What does this mean? 108) Some of America s parties are highly ideological devoted to a particular system of political attitudes they seek converts or followers more than votes. What is the term for such parties? America s two national political parties are made up of two parts. What are they? 109) 110) 111) One of the responsibilities of the national political parties is to develop the party s platform. What is this? 112) One of the differences between our two major political parties is that one party s coalition tends to be much more alike than the other party s. Which party s coalition tends to be very WASP? 113) When it comes to policy differences, the central issue between America s two parties is 114) Democrats tend to favor. 115) Republicans usually lean toward. 116) When it comes to trends in party politics, fewer voters are choosing to vote a "straight ticket" today. What does this mean? 117) Most voters are choosing to vote a "split ticket" today. What does this mean? 118) Polls indicate a shift among voters away from allegiance to a single party, increasing the number of "independents." What are independents? 119) There has been a significant decline in the number of government jobs awarded to persons because of their support of a candidate or political party that wins an election. What is this (very traditional) practice of awarding employment called? 120) Most government jobs are awarded, today, on the basis of "merit employment." What does this mean? (286) 8

Political Parties CHAPTER. Roles of Political Parties

Political Parties CHAPTER. Roles of Political Parties CHAPTER 9 Political Parties IIN THIS CHAPTERI Summary: Political parties are voluntary associations of people who seek to control the government through common principles based upon peaceful and legal

More information

What is a political party?

What is a political party? POLITICAL PARTIES What is a political party? A group of people who work to get candidates nominated to political offices. A political party can be thought of as an organized group that tries to control

More information

Chapter 5: Political Parties Ms. Nguyen American Government Bell Ringer: 1. What is this chapter s EQ? 2. Interpret the quote below: No America

Chapter 5: Political Parties Ms. Nguyen American Government Bell Ringer: 1. What is this chapter s EQ? 2. Interpret the quote below: No America Chapter 5: Political Parties Ms. Nguyen American Government Bell Ringer: 1. What is this chapter s EQ? 2. Interpret the quote below: No America without democracy, no democracy without politics, no politics

More information

Introduction What are political parties, and how do they function in our two-party system? Encourage good behavior among members

Introduction What are political parties, and how do they function in our two-party system? Encourage good behavior among members Chapter 5: Political Parties Section 1 Objectives Define a political party. Describe the major functions of political parties. Identify the reasons why the United States has a two-party system. Understand

More information

Chapter 5 Political Parties

Chapter 5 Political Parties Chapter 5 Political Parties Section 1 Parties and Objectives: What They Do Define a Political Party Describe the major functions of political parties Section 1 Parties and What They Do Why It Matters:

More information

Political Parties. Political Party Systems

Political Parties. Political Party Systems Demonstrate knowledge of local, state, and national elections. Describe the historical development, organization, role, and constituencies of political parties. A political party is a group of people with

More information

Chapter 9: Political Parties

Chapter 9: Political Parties Chapter 9: Political Parties What Is a Political Party? (pg.261) - A group of political activists who organize to win elections, to operate the government, and to determine public policy. What is an Interest

More information

Political Polit Parties Parti

Political Polit Parties Parti Political Parties Chapter 5 S E C T I O N 1 What Is a Party? A political party is a group of persons who seek to control government by winning elections and holding office. The two major parties in American

More information

Chapter 5: Political Parties Section 1

Chapter 5: Political Parties Section 1 Chapter 5: Political Parties Section 1 What is a Party? The party organization is the party professionals who run the party at all levels by contributing time, money, and skill. The party in government

More information

Chapter 5. Political Parties

Chapter 5. Political Parties Chapter 5 Political Parties Section 1: Parties and what they do Winning isn t everything; it s the only thing. Political Party What is a party? A group or persons who seek to control government through

More information

Political Parties. Carl Johnson Government Jenks High School

Political Parties. Carl Johnson Government Jenks High School Political Parties Carl Johnson Government Jenks High School Political Parties and What They Do Political Parties are one way in which people can participate in politics A political party is a group of

More information

Chapter 5 Political Parties. Section 1: Parties and what they do a. Winning isn t everything; it s the only thing. Vince Lombardi

Chapter 5 Political Parties. Section 1: Parties and what they do a. Winning isn t everything; it s the only thing. Vince Lombardi Chapter 5 Political Parties Section 1: Parties and what they do a. Winning isn t everything; it s the only thing. Vince Lombardi B. What is a party? a. Political Party i. ii. Generally joined together

More information

The Political Spectrum

The Political Spectrum The Political Spectrum 14-20 21-30 31-37 38-46 47-56 Liberal Moderately Moderate Moderately Conservative Liberal Conservative Communists Socialists Democrats Centrists Republicans Libertarians Fascists

More information

Historical Timeline of Important Political Parties in the United States

Historical Timeline of Important Political Parties in the United States Historical Timeline of Important Political Parties in the United States 1789 - Federalist Party The Federalist Party, referred to as the Pro-Administration party until the 3rd United States Congress, was

More information

AGENDA Thurs 10/22 & Fri 10/23

AGENDA Thurs 10/22 & Fri 10/23 AGENDA Thurs 10/22 & Fri 10/23 RAP #24: Blue v. Red History of Political Parties HW: Party Platform: Part 1 & 2 DUE: 10/26 EC #2 DUE: Tues 10/27 & Wed10/28 Midterm Exam & Essay Thurs 10/29 & Fri 10/30

More information

The Origins and Functions of Political Parties

The Origins and Functions of Political Parties Article The Origins and Functions of Political Parties An encyclopedic article from Grolier Online and The New Book of Knowledge A political party is a group of voters organized to support certain public

More information

Magruder s American Government

Magruder s American Government Presentation Pro Magruder s American Government C H A P T E R Political Parties 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. S E C T I O N 1 Parties and What They Do What is a political party? What are the major functions

More information

The Minor Parties . L NATURAL :*~** LAW PARTY. SacUOD Pravlaw. Minor Parties in the United States. * single-issue parties. * splinter parties

The Minor Parties . L NATURAL :*~** LAW PARTY. SacUOD Pravlaw. Minor Parties in the United States. * single-issue parties. * splinter parties The Minor Parties SacUOD Pravlaw OBJECTIVES WHY 1. Identify the types of minor parties that Many minor parties have been active in American politics. They provide alternatives to the positions of the major

More information

Chapter 07 Political Parties

Chapter 07 Political Parties 1. A(n) can be defined as a group of individuals who organize to win elections, operate the government, and determine policy. a. political party b. congressional committee c. parliament d. union e. electorate

More information

Official. Republican. Seal of Approval. Political Parties: Overview and Function. Save Our Jobs Vote. Republican. Informer-Stimulator.

Official. Republican. Seal of Approval. Political Parties: Overview and Function. Save Our Jobs Vote. Republican. Informer-Stimulator. Political Parties: Overview and Function A political party is a group of people who seek to control government by winning elections and holding public office. Usually the group joins together on the basis

More information

***POLITICAL PARTIES*** DEFINITION: A group of politicians, activists, and voters who seek to win elections and control government.

***POLITICAL PARTIES*** DEFINITION: A group of politicians, activists, and voters who seek to win elections and control government. ***POLITICAL PARTIES*** DEFINITION: A group of politicians, activists, and voters who seek to win elections and control government. Ex: Democrat, Republican, Whig, Libertarian KEY FUNCTIONS OF MODERN POLITICAL

More information

Ch. 7: Citizen Participation and Political Parties

Ch. 7: Citizen Participation and Political Parties Ch. 7: Citizen Participation and Political Parties I. What defines citizenship? p. 002 1. US Constitution did not originally say how citizenship was to be determined 2. Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857) the

More information

I. Chapter Overview. What Is a Political Party? Roots of the American Party System. A. Learning Objectives

I. Chapter Overview. What Is a Political Party? Roots of the American Party System. A. Learning Objectives I. Chapter Overview A. Learning Objectives 12.1 Trace the evolution of the two-party system in the United States 12.2 Outline the structure of American political parties at the national, state, and local

More information

Chapter 7 Political Parties: Essential to Democracy

Chapter 7 Political Parties: Essential to Democracy Key Chapter Questions Chapter 7 Political Parties: Essential to Democracy 1. What do political parties do for American democracy? 2. How has the nomination of candidates changed throughout history? Also,

More information

IDEOLOGY Your political ideology is determined by how much government control you think there should be over the economy and people s personal

IDEOLOGY Your political ideology is determined by how much government control you think there should be over the economy and people s personal IDEOLOGY Your political ideology is determined by how much government control you think there should be over the economy and people s personal choices (social issues). Socialists, Communists, National

More information

UNIT 4 INTEREST GROUPS, POLITICAL PARTIES, MASS MEDIA

UNIT 4 INTEREST GROUPS, POLITICAL PARTIES, MASS MEDIA UNIT 4 INTEREST GROUPS, POLITICAL PARTIES, MASS MEDIA INTEREST GROUPS Historical Background of Interest Groups Interest groups have often been viewed with suspicion. In Federalist #10, James Madison warned

More information

Name: Class: Date: ID: A

Name: Class: Date: ID: A Class: Date: Chapter 5 Test Matching IDENTIFYING KEY TERMS Match each item with the correct statement below. You will not use all the terms. Some terms may be used more than once. a. coalition b. political

More information

Terms of Congress is 2 years 1 st term March 1789, ended 1791

Terms of Congress is 2 years 1 st term March 1789, ended 1791 Chapter 10 Congress Section 1: National Legislature Bicameral congress 1. Historical Great Britain had one, most colonies as well 2. Practical compromise between big state and small state issue 3. Theoretical

More information

Political Parties. the evolution of the party system.

Political Parties. the evolution of the party system. Political Parties Objective: SWBAT describe the roles, functions and organizations of American political parties, how they differ from other democracies, and the evolution of the party system. Political

More information

First Two-Party System Federalists v. Republicans, 1780s Second Two-Party System Democrats v. Whigs,

First Two-Party System Federalists v. Republicans, 1780s Second Two-Party System Democrats v. Whigs, First Two-Party System Federalists v., 1780s - 1801 Federalists Favored strong central government. Emphasized states' rights. "Loose" interpretation of the Constitution. "Strict" interpretation of the

More information

First Two-Party System Federalists v. Republicans, 1780s [In practice, these generalizations were often blurred and sometimes contradicted.

First Two-Party System Federalists v. Republicans, 1780s [In practice, these generalizations were often blurred and sometimes contradicted. First Two-Party System Federalists v., 1780s - 1801 Federalists 1. Favored strong central government. 2. "Loose" interpretation of the Constitution. 3. Encouragement of commerce and manufacturing. 4. Strongest

More information

6 A primary in which voters do not have to affiliate with a party is called a(n) primary. a. transparent b. blanket c. open d. closed 7 In which case

6 A primary in which voters do not have to affiliate with a party is called a(n) primary. a. transparent b. blanket c. open d. closed 7 In which case 1 Which term describes the general patterns of voters' party identification and their behavior on election day? a. party in the electorate b. patronage c. party plurality d. frontloading 2 All of a party's

More information

SS7 CIVICS, CH. 8.1 THE GROWTH OF AMERICAN PARTIES FALL 2016 PP. PROJECT

SS7 CIVICS, CH. 8.1 THE GROWTH OF AMERICAN PARTIES FALL 2016 PP. PROJECT PROJECT SS7 CIVICS, CH. 8.1 THE GROWTH OF AMERICAN PARTIES DATE FALL 2016 CLIENT PP. 1. WHAT IS A POLITICAL PARTY? A POLITICAL PARTY IS AN ASSOCIATION OF VOTERS WITH COMMON INTERESTS WHO WANT TO INFLUENCE

More information

Chapter Nine. Political Parties

Chapter Nine. Political Parties Chapter Nine Political Parties Political Parties A party is a group that seeks to by supplying them with a label (party identification), by which they are known to the electorate United States parties

More information

Political Parties in the United States (HAA)

Political Parties in the United States (HAA) Political Parties in the United States (HAA) Political parties have played an important role in American politics since the early years of the Republic. Yet many of the nation s founders did not approve

More information

POLITICAL PARTIES. In this chapter we will cover

POLITICAL PARTIES. In this chapter we will cover POLITICAL PARTIES POLITICAL PARTIES In this chapter we will cover What is a Political Party? The Evolution of American Party Democracy The Roles of American Parties One-Partyism and Third-Partyism The

More information

Video: The Big Picture. IA_1/polisci/presidency/Edwards_Ch08_Political_Parties_S eg1_v2.

Video: The Big Picture.   IA_1/polisci/presidency/Edwards_Ch08_Political_Parties_S eg1_v2. Political Parties 8 Video: The Big Picture 8 http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss/ssa_shared_med IA_1/polisci/presidency/Edwards_Ch08_Political_Parties_S eg1_v2.html Learning Objectives 8 8.1 Identify the

More information

Political Parties. Shannon Stapleton/Reuters. Copyright 2016, 2014, 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Political Parties. Shannon Stapleton/Reuters. Copyright 2016, 2014, 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved Political Parties 8 Shannon Stapleton/Reuters Warm-Up Activity 1. What policy differences are found between Democrats and Republicans? 8.1 2. What social groups tend to identify more with the Democratic

More information

to. Iniflfln Voting Influences and Patterns Factors that Influence Voters Other Factors 5 5 % 60-I

to. Iniflfln Voting Influences and Patterns Factors that Influence Voters Other Factors 5 5 % 60-I Voting Influences and Patterns 5.17 Factors that Influence Voters Personal Characteristics. Many things influence how a person votes: gender, age, income and occupation, education, and religious and ethnic

More information

SS.7.C.2.8 Political Parties. Reading: Political Parties: What Do Parties Stand For? (Mark the text with a purpose!)

SS.7.C.2.8 Political Parties. Reading: Political Parties: What Do Parties Stand For? (Mark the text with a purpose!) SS.7.C.2.8 Political Parties Videos: ****At the end of this lesson, I will be able to do the following: compare current political parties ideas about government. evaluate the impact political parties have

More information

Parties and Elections. Selections from Chapters 11 & 12

Parties and Elections. Selections from Chapters 11 & 12 Parties and Elections Selections from Chapters 11 & 12 Party Eras in American History Party Eras Historical periods in which a majority of voters cling to the party in power Critical Election An electoral

More information

CHAPTER 12 POLITICAL PARTIES. President Bush and the implementations of his party s platform. Party Platforms: Moderate But Different (Table 12.

CHAPTER 12 POLITICAL PARTIES. President Bush and the implementations of his party s platform. Party Platforms: Moderate But Different (Table 12. CHAPTER 12 POLITICAL PARTIES President Bush and the implementations of his party s platform Party Platforms: Moderate But Different (Table 12.1) 2006 midterm election and the political parties What is

More information

POLITICAL PARTIES FUNCTIONS OF POLITICAL PARTIES

POLITICAL PARTIES FUNCTIONS OF POLITICAL PARTIES POLITICAL PARTIES Today many Americans take pride in their status as independent voters, partly because they see parties as lacking vision for the country. Since many people think that each of the major

More information

10/15/2015. Ch. 8. Political Parties. Shannon Stapleton/Reuters

10/15/2015. Ch. 8. Political Parties. Shannon Stapleton/Reuters Political Parties Ch. 8 Shannon Stapleton/Reuters 1 Learning Objectives 8.1 8.2 Identify the functions that political parties perform in American democracy. 8 Determine the significance of party identification

More information

Political party major parties Republican Democratic

Political party major parties Republican Democratic Political Parties American political parties are election-oriented. Political party - a group of persons who seek to control government by winning elections and holding office. The two major parties in

More information

[ 11.1 ] Political Parties and What They Do

[ 11.1 ] Political Parties and What They Do [ 11.1 ] Political Parties and What They Do [ 11.1 ] Political Parties and What They Do Learning Objectives Understand the origins of political parties in the United States and analyze their major functions.

More information

AP Civics Chapter 8 Notes Political Parties, Candidates, and Campaigns: Defining the Voters Choice. I. Introduction

AP Civics Chapter 8 Notes Political Parties, Candidates, and Campaigns: Defining the Voters Choice. I. Introduction AP Civics Chapter 8 Notes Political Parties, Candidates, and Campaigns: Defining the Voters Choice I. Introduction In 2000 Republican Party nominated George W. Bush for President (Dick Cheney V.P.) and

More information

CHAPTER 8 - POLITICAL PARTIES

CHAPTER 8 - POLITICAL PARTIES CHAPTER 8 - POLITICAL PARTIES LEARNING OBJECTIVES After studying Chapter 8, you should be able to: 1. Discuss the meaning and functions of a political party. 2. Discuss the nature of the party-in-the-electorate,

More information

American Politics 101. American Politics 101. American Politics 101

American Politics 101. American Politics 101. American Politics 101 political system? Our tradition of having two major political parties began with the fight for ratification of the US Constitution Federalist - Supported ratification of the new constitution Anti-Federalist

More information

Who Were The Candidates In The Election Of 1824 What Was The Platform Of Each

Who Were The Candidates In The Election Of 1824 What Was The Platform Of Each Who Were The Candidates In The Election Of 1824 What Was The Platform Of Each Who were the candidates for president in the 1824 election? They all came from the same political party, but each represented

More information

INTRODUCTION THE MEANING OF PARTY

INTRODUCTION THE MEANING OF PARTY C HAPTER OVERVIEW INTRODUCTION Although political parties may not be highly regarded by all, many observers of politics agree that political parties are central to representative government because they

More information

Political Parties Chapter Summary

Political Parties Chapter Summary Political Parties Chapter Summary I. Introduction (234-236) The founding fathers feared that political parties could be forums of corruption and national divisiveness. Today, most observers agree that

More information

Warm Up/Do Now: Defend or Attack the Following Quote 4 Minutes. By Mr. Cegielski

Warm Up/Do Now: Defend or Attack the Following Quote 4 Minutes. By Mr. Cegielski Essential Questions: What are the origins of political parties? Did the Founders intend for them to exist? What are the functions of political parties? Are political parties necessary? What are the party

More information

History of Our Parties

History of Our Parties History of Our Parties -the first parties -Federalist/Democratic- Republicans Hamilton did not trust people Jefferson give power to people -Democrats/Whigs Formed just before Civil War -Democrats / Republicans

More information

UNIT THREE POLITICAL PARTIES. Jessup 16

UNIT THREE POLITICAL PARTIES. Jessup 16 UNIT THREE ITEM ELECTIONS INTEREST GROUPS MASS MEDIA OF LINKAGE A group which tries to win elections so they can control the government. A process in which one person is selected for a governmental job.

More information

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Exam Name MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) One of the various ways in which parties contribute to democratic governance is by. A)

More information

Wednesday, March 7 th

Wednesday, March 7 th Parties and Politics 1 Wednesday, March 7 th Final version of Essay 1 version due in lab tomorrow or Friday Film #2: Glory on Wednesday, March 14 th and Thursday, March 15 th in 140 JSB at 5:00 and 7:30

More information

Monroe, Chapter 3 Federalism Monroe, Chapter 9 (part) Parties. Exam I Wednesday. Friday: Ellis & Nelson, Chpt 10.

Monroe, Chapter 3 Federalism Monroe, Chapter 9 (part) Parties. Exam I Wednesday. Friday: Ellis & Nelson, Chpt 10. Monroe, Chapter 3 Federalism Monroe, Chapter 9 (part) Parties Exam I Wednesday Friday: Ellis & Nelson, Chpt 10. Party nominations I. Political Parties Why Parties? What do Parties do? How do parties resolve

More information

Indicate the answer choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Indicate the answer choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Indicate the answer choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. The Electoral College Process 1. According to the diagram, what is Congress s role in the Electoral College process?

More information

American Political Parties in History

American Political Parties in History 1 American Political Parties in History Federalist Party The Federalist party, in U.S. history, is a name that was originally applied to the advocates of ratification of the Constitution of the United

More information

The First American Party System

The First American Party System The First American Party System FEDERALISTS 1. Leaders -John Adams -Alexander Hamilton 2. Views of the Constitution -loose interpretation -strong central government 3. Policies -pro-british -large peacetime

More information

Parties and What They Do 5

Parties and What They Do 5 Section 1: Guided Reading and Review Parties and What They Do As you read Section 1, write the correct answers in the blanks provided on the chart below. Functions of Political Parties Function Description

More information

Chapter 9 Political Parties 325

Chapter 9 Political Parties 325 Chapter 9 Political Parties 325 Chapter 9 Political Parties Figure 9.1 The families of the 2012 presidential candidates joined in the festivities at the Democratic National Convention in Charlotte, North

More information

The second step of my proposed plan involves breaking states up into multi-seat districts.

The second step of my proposed plan involves breaking states up into multi-seat districts. Multi-Seat Districts The second step of my proposed plan involves breaking states up into multi-seat districts. This will obviously be easy to do, and to understand, in a small, densely populated state

More information

Elections. How we choose the people who govern us

Elections. How we choose the people who govern us Elections How we choose the people who govern us Electing the President Questions 1. What is an example of popular sovereignty? 2. Who are you really voting for when you vote in a presidential election?

More information

AP U.S. Government & Politics Exam ch 8 PRACTICE 2014

AP U.S. Government & Politics Exam ch 8 PRACTICE 2014 AP U.S. Government & Politics Exam ch 8 PRACTICE 2014 1. Party machines dominate local party organizations today. 2. For all the talk about politicians' broken promises, there are many more times that

More information

Role of Political and Legal Systems. Unit 5

Role of Political and Legal Systems. Unit 5 Role of Political and Legal Systems Unit 5 Political Labels Liberal call for peaceful and gradual change of the nations political system, would like to see the government involved in the promotion of the

More information

Today: (1) Political Parties and Elections (continued) (2) The Founders Legacy. (3) Westward Expansion and Democracy

Today: (1) Political Parties and Elections (continued) (2) The Founders Legacy. (3) Westward Expansion and Democracy Today: (1) Political Parties and Elections (continued) (2) The Founders Legacy (3) Westward Expansion and Democracy Structure and party politics U.S. System Single representative districts Plurality winner

More information

CH.10: POLITICAL PARTIES

CH.10: POLITICAL PARTIES CH.10: POLITICAL PARTIES LEARNING GOAL Student will be able to understand the importance of an informed electorate in evaluating candidates and understand the evolution and impact of political and social

More information

REPUBLICANS For Voldemort. VOTE REPUBLICAN it s easier than thinking. VOTE DEMOCRAT it s easier than working. Thomas Nast.

REPUBLICANS For Voldemort. VOTE REPUBLICAN it s easier than thinking. VOTE DEMOCRAT it s easier than working. Thomas Nast. REPUBLICANS For Voldemort Ted Kennedy s car has killed more people than Dick Cheney s gun. VOTE REPUBLICAN it s easier than thinking VOTE DEMOCRAT it s easier than working Thomas Nast Democrat Donkey first

More information

Robert W. Smith. Author

Robert W. Smith. Author Editor Gisela Lee, M.A. Managing Editor Karen J. Goldfluss, M.S. Ed. Spotlight on America: Elections Editor-in-Chief Sharon Coan, M.S. Ed. Illustrator Kevin McCarthy Cover Artist Brenda DiAntonis Art Manager

More information

To understand the U.S. electoral college and, more generally, American democracy, it is critical to understand that when voters go to the polls on

To understand the U.S. electoral college and, more generally, American democracy, it is critical to understand that when voters go to the polls on To understand the U.S. electoral college and, more generally, American democracy, it is critical to understand that when voters go to the polls on Tuesday, November 8th, they are not voting together in

More information

I. The Role of Political Parties

I. The Role of Political Parties Political Parties I. The Role of Political Parties A. What is a Political Party? 1. A political party is an organization that tries to elect its members to office in order to promote its political goals.

More information

The American Electoral Process By Mike Kubic 2016

The American Electoral Process By Mike Kubic 2016 Name: Class: The American Electoral Process By Mike Kubic 2016 In this article, Mike Kubic, a former correspondent of Newsweek, explains the history and function of the United States Electoral College.

More information

Do Now. Who do you think has more power a representative/senator, the president, or a Supreme Court justice? Why?

Do Now. Who do you think has more power a representative/senator, the president, or a Supreme Court justice? Why? Do Now Who do you think has more power a representative/senator, the president, or a Supreme Court justice? Why? Political Parties Today, political parties are one of the most important aspects of American

More information

Popular Vote. Total: 77,734, %

Popular Vote. Total: 77,734, % PRESIDENTIAL 72: A CASE STUDY The 1972 election, in contrast to the extremely close contest of 1968, resulted in a sweeping reelection victory for President Nixon and one of the most massive presidential

More information

How do parties contribute to democratic politics?

How do parties contribute to democratic politics? Chapter Objectives Evaluate how political parties both contribute to and detract from democratic politics Trace the history of political parties in the U.S. and assess the contemporary system Compare and

More information

APGAP Reading Quiz 2A AMERICAN POLITICAL PARTIES

APGAP Reading Quiz 2A AMERICAN POLITICAL PARTIES 1. Which of the following is TRUE of political parties in the United States? a. Parties require dues. b. Parties issue membership cards to all members. c. Party members agree on all major issues or they

More information

How did third parties affect US Presidential Campaigns since 1900? By Tom Hyndman 9E

How did third parties affect US Presidential Campaigns since 1900? By Tom Hyndman 9E How did third parties affect US Presidential Campaigns since 1900? By Tom Hyndman 9E Independent Candidates in the United States since 1900 Introduction In the United States since 1900 a few candidates

More information

Reasons That Donald Trump Was Elected (and how that s connected to our class studies):

Reasons That Donald Trump Was Elected (and how that s connected to our class studies): Reasons That Donald Trump Was Elected (and how that s connected to our class studies): 1. MAIN REASON: The Electoral College worked in Trump s favor Even though Hillary Clinton got almost 3 million more

More information

CHAPTER 12 POLITICAL PARTIES. Narrative Lecture Outline

CHAPTER 12 POLITICAL PARTIES. Narrative Lecture Outline CHAPTER 12 POLITICAL PARTIES Narrative Lecture Outline What is a Political Party? At the most basic level, a political party is a group of office holders, candidates, activists, and voters who identify

More information

WHY TWO PARTIES? T H I R D PA RT I E S, M E D I A N V O T E RS, D U V E R G E R S L AW, A N D S T R U C T U R A L C O N C E R N S

WHY TWO PARTIES? T H I R D PA RT I E S, M E D I A N V O T E RS, D U V E R G E R S L AW, A N D S T R U C T U R A L C O N C E R N S WHY TWO PARTIES? T H I R D PA RT I E S, M E D I A N V O T E RS, D U V E R G E R S L AW, A N D S T R U C T U R A L C O N C E R N S DUVERGER S LAW Part societal cleavages Capital v. workers Wealthy vs. less

More information

HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY 1203 THE AMERICAN PARTY SYSTEM

HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY 1203 THE AMERICAN PARTY SYSTEM HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY 1203 THE AMERICAN PARTY SYSTEM CONTENTS I. POLITICAL PARTIES... 2 The American Party System... 2 Development of American Political Parties... 9 Republican and Third Parties... 14

More information

Unit 3 Take-Home Test (AP GaP)

Unit 3 Take-Home Test (AP GaP) Unit 3 Take-Home Test (AP GaP) Please complete these test items on the GradeCam form provided by your teacher. These are designed to be practice test items in preparation for the Midterm exam and for the

More information

POLITICAL PARTIES. Chapter 8

POLITICAL PARTIES. Chapter 8 POLITICAL PARTIES Chapter 8 The Meaning of Party ªPolitical Party: ªA team of men and women seeking to control government by gaining offices through elections ªParties can be thought of in three parts:

More information

What Is A Political Party?

What Is A Political Party? What Is A Political Party? A group of office holders, candidates, activists, and voters who identify with a group label and seek to elect to public office individuals who run under that label. Consist

More information

CHAPTER 9: Political Parties

CHAPTER 9: Political Parties CHAPTER 9: Political Parties Reading Questions 1. The Founders and George Washington in particular thought of political parties as a. the primary means of communication between voters and representatives.

More information

American Presidential Elections. The American presidential election system has produced some interesting quirks, such as...

American Presidential Elections. The American presidential election system has produced some interesting quirks, such as... American Presidential Elections The American presidential election system has produced some interesting quirks, such as..., when s Jefferson and Burr receive the same number of electoral votes, thus forcing

More information

We ve looked at presidents as individuals - Now,

We ve looked at presidents as individuals - Now, We ve looked at presidents as individuals - Now, How much can a president really control, no matter what his strengths and skills? How much can a leader or anyone - determine outcomes, and how much is

More information

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Public Opinion and Political Socialization Name MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) The founder of modern polling was A) Patrick Cadell.

More information

Election of May the Candidates Please Rise

Election of May the Candidates Please Rise Election of 1860 May the Candidates Please Rise The Election of 1860 During the election of 1860 four candies ran for office. Each candidate had different views. Slavery of course will be a major issue

More information

OUTCOME C: POLITICAL IDEOLOGY + ELECTIONS

OUTCOME C: POLITICAL IDEOLOGY + ELECTIONS OUTCOME C: POLITICAL IDEOLOGY + ELECTIONS ARE YOU A CONSERVATIVE OR LIBERAL? Read each of the following pairs of statements: Decide which statement you most agree with. A. GUNS KILL PEOPLE. B. PEOPLE KILL

More information

Read this in your textbook

Read this in your textbook Read Federalist 10 on Pknock.com James Madison Read Divided Government by David Mayhew on Pknock.com (may have to go to 2305 tab Unit 2) Read this in your textbook Political Parties Are Political Parties

More information

Chapter 6: Public Opinion and Political Action Topics Key Questions Key Terms. on American politics.

Chapter 6: Public Opinion and Political Action Topics Key Questions Key Terms. on American politics. Chapter 1: Introduction to Government Government Identify the key functions of government and explain why they matter. political participation Politics The Policymaking System Democracy in America Define

More information

AP U.S. History Essay Questions, 1994-present. Document-Based Questions

AP U.S. History Essay Questions, 1994-present. Document-Based Questions AP U.S. History Essay Questions, 1994-present Although the essay questions from 1994-2014 were taken from AP exams administered before the redesign of the curriculum, most can still be used to prepare

More information

What have been the main consequences of the graying of America?

What have been the main consequences of the graying of America? AP* US Government and Politics/Arnold Unit II Guided Reading Questions Chapter 6 Public Opinion and Political Action The American People: Pgs. 168-172 In what ways is the U.S. an immigrant society? What

More information

Chapter 8: Parties, Interest Groups, and Public Policy

Chapter 8: Parties, Interest Groups, and Public Policy Chapter 8: Parties, Interest Groups, and Public Policy 2. Political Parties in the United States Political parties have played an important role in American politics since the early years of the Republic.

More information

Government study guide chapter 8

Government study guide chapter 8 Government study guide chapter 8 Vocabulary Party Competition: The battle of the parities for control of public offices. Ups and downs of the two major parties are one of the most important elements in

More information

ELECTING CANDIDATES WITH FAIR REPRESENTATION VOTING: RANKED CHOICE VOTING AND OTHER METHODS

ELECTING CANDIDATES WITH FAIR REPRESENTATION VOTING: RANKED CHOICE VOTING AND OTHER METHODS November 2013 ELECTING CANDIDATES WITH FAIR REPRESENTATION VOTING: RANKED CHOICE VOTING AND OTHER METHODS A voting system translates peoples' votes into seats. Because the same votes in different systems

More information

How does the U.S. Constitution reflect both the founders distrust of government AND democracy?

How does the U.S. Constitution reflect both the founders distrust of government AND democracy? How does the U.S. Constitution reflect both the founders distrust of government AND democracy? Alexander Hamilton All communities divide themselves into the few and the many. The first are the rich and

More information