Chapter 5: Political Parties Ms. Nguyen American Government Bell Ringer: 1. What is this chapter s EQ? 2. Interpret the quote below: No America

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Chapter 5: Political Parties Ms. Nguyen American Government Bell Ringer: 1. What is this chapter s EQ? 2. Interpret the quote below: No America"

Transcription

1 Chapter 5: Political Parties Ms. Nguyen American Government Bell Ringer: 1. What is this chapter s EQ? 2. Interpret the quote below: No America without democracy, no democracy without politics, no politics without parties, no parties without compromise and moderation. -Clinton Rossiter

2 I. What are political parties, and how do they function in our two-party system? A. A party is a group of people who try to control government by winning elections and holding public office. B. Political Parties Purpose: 1. Nominate candidates 2. Inform and inspire supporters 3. Encourage good behavior among members 4. Govern once in office 5. Perform oversight on government actions 6. Express the well of the people in government

3 C. Elements of a party: 1.The party organization is the party professionals who run the party at all levels by contributing time, money, and skill. 2.The party in government includes the candidates and officeholders who serve at all levels of government. 3.The party in the electorate are the millions of voters who identify strongly with a particular party and support its policies.

4 D. Roles of Parties: 1. Parties act as a bonding agent to encourage accountability among their candidates and office holders. 2. Parties play a key roles in governing at all levels. Legislatures are organized along party lines and parties shape the electoral process. Partisanship guides many legislative votes and appointments to public office. Parties provide channels of communication between the branches of government.

5 II. The Two-Party System A. The Republican and Democratic parties dominate American politics. -Only the candidates from the two major parties have a chance to win most elections. B. Why is this the case? The Framers opposed political parties. They saw parties as factions that caused disunity and conflict. George Washington warned against the dangers of parties. -Tradition

6 C. Both major parties try to be moderate and build consensus. 1. Both parties tend to have a few major areas of policy differences while being rather similar in other areas. 2. The similarities between parties arises because both parties are after a majority of voters in any given election. 3. Both parties must compete for the many voters in the middle of the political spectrum.

7 D. Political Spectrum Radical Liberal Moderate Conservative Reactionary Favors extreme change to create an altered or entirely new social system. Believes that government must take action to change economic, political, and ideological policies thought to be unfair. Holds beliefs that fall between liberal and conservative views, usually including some of each. Seeks to keep in place the economic, political, and social structures of society. Favors extreme change to restore society to an earlier, more conservative state.

8 III. Multiparty Systems A. Multiparty systems are used by many democracies. 1. They have several major and many smaller parties. 2. Each party is based on a particular interest. -These interests can include economic class, religion, or political ideology. B. Multiparty systems tend to represent a more diverse group of citizens. 1. Supporters admire this feature, arguing that it gives voters many more choices among candidates and policies. 2. However, this diversity often makes multiparty systems less stable. The power to govern must usually be shared by several parties who join in a coalition.

9

10 IV. One-Party Systems A. Only one political party exists, offering no real choice. B. Some U.S. states and districts are modified one-party systems. 1. In these places, one party repeatedly wins most of the elections and dominates government.

11 V. The Nation s First Parties A. The battle over ratification of the Constitution led to the rise of the first major parties. 1. The Federalist Party was formed by supporters of the Constitution. They wanted a stronger national government and policies that helped financial, commercial, and manufacturing interests. Alexander Hamilton and John Adams were key representatives.

12 B. Opposing the Federalists was the Democratic- Republican Party. They wanted a more limited national government, with policies aimed at helping farmers, planters, labor, and small business. Key leaders such as Thomas Jefferson and James Madison favored a strict interpretation of the Constitution.

13 C. The election of 1796 was the first time two parties fought for the presidency. The Federalists won, but faded from power after losing the 1800 election. The Democratic-Republicans later split apart and gave rise to the Democratic Party.

14 D. The Era of the Democrats 1. The Democratic Party won 13 of 15 presidential elections from 1800 to In the 1830s, President Andrew Jackson began a period of so-called Jacksonian democracy, marked by three major political changes: Voting rights were expanded to include all white males, not just those with property. A huge increase in the number of elected offices around the country. The spread of the spoils system.

15 E. Democrats v. Whigs 1. The Democrats drew much of their support from small farmers, pioneers, and slaveholders in the South and West. 2. Their greatest rivals were the Whigs, who were supported by wealthier merchant and industrial interests in the East. 3. The debate over slavery split the Whigs and the Democrats apart in the 1850s. The Democrats were split between northern and southern factions. Many Whigs and antislavery Democrats joined the new Republican Party in 1854.

16 F. Era of the Republicans 1. The Republican Party won 14 of 18 presidential elections from 1860 to The Civil War crippled the Democrats. All their powers was concentrated in the South, which they controlled for roughly 100 years after Reconstruction ended. 3. The Republican dominated nationally. They had the support of farmers, laborers, business and financial interests, and freed African Americans. The Republicans benefited from years of economic prosperity.

17 4. An economic downturn made the election of 1896 critical. Labor unions joined small farmers and small business owners to back the Democrats. The Republicans won by appealing to a wider range of voters, but the Democrats gained new support outside the South.

18 5. The Republicans lost the presidency in 1912 largely due to a third party candidate. Former Republican Theodore Roosevelt ran as a member of the new Progressive Party and split the Republican vote, helping Democrat Woodrow Wilson win.

19 Party Identity: Past and Present Cartoonist Thomas Nast has been credited with creating the party symbols in is 1874 cartoon for the magazine Harper s Weekly.

20 VI. Return of the Democrats A. The Democrats won 7 out of 9 presidential elections from 1932 to B. The Great Depression sparked the comeback of the Democrats. 1. With the economy in ruins, the Democrats gained the support of southerners, small farmers, big-city political organizations, labor unions, and minority groups.

21 VII. Era of Divided Government A. The Republicans won 7 out of 10 presidential elections from 1968 to B. The Democrats controlled Congress for most of this period. Republicans controlled Congress from 1995 to 2000 while Democrat Bill Clinton was President. C. This division of power meant that neither party could easily control the agenda of the government without making compromises.

22 D. The Republicans made major changes to U.S. foreign trade and domestic policies during the 1980s. Republican candidates Ronald Reagan and George H.W. Bush won three landslide victories during this period.

23 VII. Political Parties Today A. In recent years, control of Congress, particularly the Senate, has shifted back and forth between the major parties. Typically newly elected Presidents has a coattail effect that brings other candidates from their party to Congress. In recent years, this has not been the case.

24 VII. Types of Political Parties A. Ideological parties: are based on a particular set of beliefs that usually involve society, politics, and the economy. 1. Most of these parties have involved Marxist ideas, such as Socialist, Socialist Labor, Socialist Worker, and Communist parties. 2. The Libertarian Party promotes the opposite view, calling for the elimination of most government functions and programs. 3. Ideological parties rarely win many votes, but can last for many years.

25 B. Single issue parties emphasize one public policy issue. 1. For example, the Free Soil Party opposed the spread of slavery to the West. 2. Most single issue parties fade away when their issue is resolved or no longer attracts public interest.

26 C. Economic protest parties: arise in periods of economic trouble. 1. They call for economic reforms. The Populist Party of the 1890s arose from the Greenbacks. They demanded public ownership of railroads, telephone, and telegraph companies along with political reforms. 2. These parties disappear when the hard economic times end.

27 Splinter Parties D. Splinter parties split away from one of the major parties. 1. They are often centered on a particular candidate who fails to win his or her major party nomination, or arise from a strong disagreement within a major party. Ie.: The Dixiecrat and American Independent parties split from the Democratic Party over states rights and civil rights issues. George C. Wallace, governor of Alabama campaigned for President in 1968 as a member of the American Independent Party.

28 Ie. The Progressive parties of Theodore Roosevelt and Robert La Follette split from the Republican Party. Roosevelt s party was nicknamed the Bull Moose Party. **Splinter parties tend to break up when their leaders step aside.

29 VIII. Minor Party Influence A. Minor parties can also play a spoiler role. 1. By winning electoral votes or even enough popular votes to affect the outcome in a key state, a minor party can affect the outcome of an election.

30 B. Affecting Presidential Elections 1. It is not common for a minor party candidacy to shift the outcome of a presidential election. 2. Theodore Roosevelt s candidacy as a Progressive Party member most likely cost Republican William Taft the presidential election of Ralph Nader s Green Party may have cost Democrat Al Gore the very close presidential election of 2000 by gaining votes in swing states such as Florida.

31 C. Raising Public Awareness A. The most important role of minor parties is to raise public awareness of controversial issues. 1. Women s suffrage, income tax, and regulation of banking and railroads were all first championed by minor parties. 2. Minor parties challenge the major parties to take action on issues, often accusing them of being part of the problem. 3. The more successful minor parties efforts are to raise awareness of an issue, the more likely it is that major parties will put the idea into their own campaign platforms.

32 D. Minor Party Candidates 1. In 2008 there were seventeen minor party presidential candidates appearing on the ballot of at least one state. 2. More than 1,000 minor party candidates also sought seats in Congress or offices in various state and local elections.

33 VIV. A Decentralized Structure A. Neither party has an unbroken chain of command running through all levels of government. 1. The President is the nominal leader of his or her party. This means that the party of the President is typically better organized than its rival party. The President s media exposure and power to make appointments is valuable, but does not give him or her complete authority over all party activities.

34 B. The Nominating Process 1. The nominating process can lead to competition within the parties. 2. Nominations are made within the party and can divide party members if there is a dispute over nominees.

35 C. The National Convention 1. The national convention is held every presidential election year. 2. The convention names the party s presidential and vice-presidential candidates, adopts the party s rules, and writes the official party platform. 3. The convention does not name candidates for other offices and has no control over the actual policies supported by candidates.

36 D. The national committee handles party issues in between conventions. 1. Each party s national committee includes a committee member from each state. 2. The Republican National Committee (RNC) now seats the party chairperson for each state as well as representatives from various Republican groups and the U.S. territories.

37 3. The Democratic National Committee (DNC) is even larger. It includes the party chair and vice chairperson from each state, additional party members from the larger states, and up to 75 at large members chosen by the DNC.

38 E. The national chairperson leads the national committee. 1. The chairperson is chosen after the national convention by the presidential nominee. 2. Howard Dean (right) served as the Democratic Party s national chairperson in the 2008 election.

39 3.The national chairperson directs the work of the party headquarters and professional staff in Washington, D.C. 4. In presidential election years, the national chairperson s work involves the presidential campaign. 5. In other years, the chairperson concentrates on building party unity, raising money, and recruiting new voters for the next election.

40 F. Campaign Committees 1. Each party also has a campaign committee for each house of Congress. 2. These committees work to get party members elected or reelected to Congress.

41 G. Raising Funds 1. Both parties spend a great deal of effort to make sure the party s officeholders stay in power. What does the chart show about spending over the last several years? Why might well-known party members be invited to speak at dinners?

42 H. State Party Organization 1. State law largely determines party organization at the state level. 2. Most states have a central party committee headed by a chairperson. The committee members choose the chairperson, who often has a great deal of independence in conducting party affairs. Committee members are chosen by a variety of methods: primaries, caucuses, or state conventions. These officials try to promote party unity, find candidates, and raise funds.

43 I. Local Party Organization 1. Local party structure varies a great deal. 2. In some places local party organizations are active year-round, but usually they focus their efforts on the few months before an election. What kind of party jobs do you think exist at each level of organization?

44 Review Now that you have learned how political parties are organized at the federal, State, and local levels, go back and answer the Chapter Essential Question. Does the two-party system help or harm democracy?

Chapter 5: Political Parties Section 1

Chapter 5: Political Parties Section 1 Chapter 5: Political Parties Section 1 What is a Party? The party organization is the party professionals who run the party at all levels by contributing time, money, and skill. The party in government

More information

Chapter 5: Political Parties Section 1

Chapter 5: Political Parties Section 1 Chapter 5: Political Parties Section 1 Objectives 1. Define a political party. 2. Describe the major functions of political parties. 3. Identify the reasons why the United States has a two-party system.

More information

Political Polit Parties Parti

Political Polit Parties Parti Political Parties Chapter 5 S E C T I O N 1 What Is a Party? A political party is a group of persons who seek to control government by winning elections and holding office. The two major parties in American

More information

Political Parties. Carl Johnson Government Jenks High School

Political Parties. Carl Johnson Government Jenks High School Political Parties Carl Johnson Government Jenks High School Political Parties and What They Do Political Parties are one way in which people can participate in politics A political party is a group of

More information

Magruder s American Government

Magruder s American Government Presentation Pro Magruder s American Government C H A P T E R Political Parties 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. S E C T I O N 1 Parties and What They Do What is a political party? What are the major functions

More information

The Minor Parties . L NATURAL :*~** LAW PARTY. SacUOD Pravlaw. Minor Parties in the United States. * single-issue parties. * splinter parties

The Minor Parties . L NATURAL :*~** LAW PARTY. SacUOD Pravlaw. Minor Parties in the United States. * single-issue parties. * splinter parties The Minor Parties SacUOD Pravlaw OBJECTIVES WHY 1. Identify the types of minor parties that Many minor parties have been active in American politics. They provide alternatives to the positions of the major

More information

Terms of Congress is 2 years 1 st term March 1789, ended 1791

Terms of Congress is 2 years 1 st term March 1789, ended 1791 Chapter 10 Congress Section 1: National Legislature Bicameral congress 1. Historical Great Britain had one, most colonies as well 2. Practical compromise between big state and small state issue 3. Theoretical

More information

[ 11.1 ] Political Parties and What They Do

[ 11.1 ] Political Parties and What They Do [ 11.1 ] Political Parties and What They Do [ 11.1 ] Political Parties and What They Do Learning Objectives Understand the origins of political parties in the United States and analyze their major functions.

More information

Political Parties in the United States (HAA)

Political Parties in the United States (HAA) Political Parties in the United States (HAA) Political parties have played an important role in American politics since the early years of the Republic. Yet many of the nation s founders did not approve

More information

What Is A Political Party?

What Is A Political Party? What Is A Political Party? A group of office holders, candidates, activists, and voters who identify with a group label and seek to elect to public office individuals who run under that label. Consist

More information

History of Our Parties

History of Our Parties History of Our Parties -the first parties -Federalist/Democratic- Republicans Hamilton did not trust people Jefferson give power to people -Democrats/Whigs Formed just before Civil War -Democrats / Republicans

More information

CHAPTER 8 - POLITICAL PARTIES

CHAPTER 8 - POLITICAL PARTIES CHAPTER 8 - POLITICAL PARTIES LEARNING OBJECTIVES After studying Chapter 8, you should be able to: 1. Discuss the meaning and functions of a political party. 2. Discuss the nature of the party-in-the-electorate,

More information

CHAPTER 9: Political Parties

CHAPTER 9: Political Parties CHAPTER 9: Political Parties Reading Questions 1. The Founders and George Washington in particular thought of political parties as a. the primary means of communication between voters and representatives.

More information

Political Parties & Conventions

Political Parties & Conventions Political Parties & Conventions This presentation can be used alone or in conjunction with Carolina K-12 s lesson Political Parties & Conventions, available in the Database of K-12 Resources. To view this

More information

First Two-Party System Federalists v. Republicans, 1780s [In practice, these generalizations were often blurred and sometimes contradicted.

First Two-Party System Federalists v. Republicans, 1780s [In practice, these generalizations were often blurred and sometimes contradicted. First Two-Party System Federalists v., 1780s - 1801 Federalists 1. Favored strong central government. 2. "Loose" interpretation of the Constitution. 3. Encouragement of commerce and manufacturing. 4. Strongest

More information

Chapter 7 Political Parties: Essential to Democracy

Chapter 7 Political Parties: Essential to Democracy Key Chapter Questions Chapter 7 Political Parties: Essential to Democracy 1. What do political parties do for American democracy? 2. How has the nomination of candidates changed throughout history? Also,

More information

The First American Party System

The First American Party System The First American Party System FEDERALISTS 1. Leaders -John Adams -Alexander Hamilton 2. Views of the Constitution -loose interpretation -strong central government 3. Policies -pro-british -large peacetime

More information

Chapter 9 Political Parties 325

Chapter 9 Political Parties 325 Chapter 9 Political Parties 325 Chapter 9 Political Parties Figure 9.1 The families of the 2012 presidential candidates joined in the festivities at the Democratic National Convention in Charlotte, North

More information

6 A primary in which voters do not have to affiliate with a party is called a(n) primary. a. transparent b. blanket c. open d. closed 7 In which case

6 A primary in which voters do not have to affiliate with a party is called a(n) primary. a. transparent b. blanket c. open d. closed 7 In which case 1 Which term describes the general patterns of voters' party identification and their behavior on election day? a. party in the electorate b. patronage c. party plurality d. frontloading 2 All of a party's

More information

AP US GOVERNMENT: CHAPER 7: POLITICAL PARTIES: ESSENTIAL TO DEMOCRACY

AP US GOVERNMENT: CHAPER 7: POLITICAL PARTIES: ESSENTIAL TO DEMOCRACY AP US GOVERNMENT: CHAPER 7: POLITICAL PARTIES: ESSENTIAL TO DEMOCRACY Before political parties, candidates were listed alphabetically, and those whose names began with the letters A to F did better than

More information

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Exam Name MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) Democratic complaints during the 2004 elections included the Bush Administration╩╣s A)

More information

I. The Role of Political Parties

I. The Role of Political Parties Political Parties I. The Role of Political Parties A. What is a Political Party? 1. A political party is an organization that tries to elect its members to office in order to promote its political goals.

More information

Do you think that political parties are good for American politics? Why or why not?

Do you think that political parties are good for American politics? Why or why not? The Constitution makes no mention of political parties, but the first ones formed during the early years of the republic. Today, the United States has several political parties, although two the Democrats

More information

3/28/12. Progressivism Under Taft and Wilson

3/28/12. Progressivism Under Taft and Wilson Progressivism Under Taft and Wilson Taft won the 1908 Presidential election over William Jennings Bryan He promised to continue Roosevelt s progressive reforms, but appointed no progressives to his cabinet

More information

10/15/2015. Ch. 8. Political Parties. Shannon Stapleton/Reuters

10/15/2015. Ch. 8. Political Parties. Shannon Stapleton/Reuters Political Parties Ch. 8 Shannon Stapleton/Reuters 1 Learning Objectives 8.1 8.2 Identify the functions that political parties perform in American democracy. 8 Determine the significance of party identification

More information

Political Parties. Shannon Stapleton/Reuters. Copyright 2016, 2014, 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Political Parties. Shannon Stapleton/Reuters. Copyright 2016, 2014, 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved Political Parties 8 Shannon Stapleton/Reuters Warm-Up Activity 1. What policy differences are found between Democrats and Republicans? 8.1 2. What social groups tend to identify more with the Democratic

More information

CH.10: POLITICAL PARTIES

CH.10: POLITICAL PARTIES CH.10: POLITICAL PARTIES LEARNING GOAL Student will be able to understand the importance of an informed electorate in evaluating candidates and understand the evolution and impact of political and social

More information

AP U.S. History Essay Questions, 1994-present. Document-Based Questions

AP U.S. History Essay Questions, 1994-present. Document-Based Questions AP U.S. History Essay Questions, 1994-present Although the essay questions from 1994-2014 were taken from AP exams administered before the redesign of the curriculum, most can still be used to prepare

More information

The Birth of Political Parties

The Birth of Political Parties . Student Resource Adapted from, The Evolution of American Party Democracy. Pp.417-422 O Conner, Karen & Sabato, Larry J. American Government: Continuity and Change. New York: Pearson,Longman. 2006. The

More information

HISTORY & GEOGRAPHY STUDENT BOOK. 12th Grade Unit 3

HISTORY & GEOGRAPHY STUDENT BOOK. 12th Grade Unit 3 HISTORY & GEOGRAPHY STUDENT BOOK 12th Grade Unit 3 HISTORY & GEOGRAPHY 1203 THE AMERICAN PARTY SYSTEM Unit 3 THE AMERICAN PARTY SYSTEM INTRODUCTION 3 1. POLITICAL PARTIES 5 THE AMERICAN PARTY SYSTEM 6

More information

Chapter 6: Public Opinion and Political Action Topics Key Questions Key Terms. on American politics.

Chapter 6: Public Opinion and Political Action Topics Key Questions Key Terms. on American politics. Chapter 1: Introduction to Government Government Identify the key functions of government and explain why they matter. political participation Politics The Policymaking System Democracy in America Define

More information

Political Parties CHAPTER 10

Political Parties CHAPTER 10 Political Parties ESSENTIAL QUESTION How do citizens, both individually and collectively, influence government policy? netw rks There s More Online about political parties. CHAPTER 10 Lesson 1 History

More information

NAME CLASS DATE. Section 1 Guided Reading and Review The President s Job Description

NAME CLASS DATE. Section 1 Guided Reading and Review The President s Job Description Section 1 Guided Reading and Review The President s Job Description As you read Section 1, fill in a brief description for each of the roles of the President given below. Formal Qualifications for President

More information

American Political Parties in History

American Political Parties in History 1 American Political Parties in History Federalist Party The Federalist party, in U.S. history, is a name that was originally applied to the advocates of ratification of the Constitution of the United

More information

Reconstruction

Reconstruction Reconstruction 1864-1877 The South after the War Property losses The value of farms and plantations declined steeply and suffered from neglect and loss of workers. The South s transportation network was

More information

Chapter 18: The Progressive Reform Era ( )

Chapter 18: The Progressive Reform Era ( ) Name: Period Page# Chapter 18: The Progressive Reform Era (1890 1920) Section 1: The Origins of Progressivism What were the key goals of Progressives? How did the ideas of Progressive writers help to inspire

More information

Chapter 13: The Presidency Section 1

Chapter 13: The Presidency Section 1 Chapter 13: The Presidency Section 1 Introduction The President s roles include: Chi ef of st at e Chi ef execut i ve - Chi ef di pl omat - Chi ef l egi sl at or - Chi ef admi ni st rat or - Commander

More information

Chapter 13: The Presidency Section 4

Chapter 13: The Presidency Section 4 Chapter 13: The Presidency Section 4 Objectives 1. Describe the role of conventions in the presidential nominating process. 2. Evaluate the importance of presidential primaries. 3. Understand the caucus-convention

More information

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Exam Name MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) One of the various ways in which parties contribute to democratic governance is by. A)

More information

The Electoral College. What is it?, how does it work?, the pros, and the cons

The Electoral College. What is it?, how does it work?, the pros, and the cons The Electoral College What is it?, how does it work?, the pros, and the cons What is the Electoral College? n E lec tor al College- A body of electors chosen to elect the President and Vice President of

More information

Chapter 11 Packet--Dr. Larson

Chapter 11 Packet--Dr. Larson Name: Class: _ Date: _ Chapter 11 Packet--Dr. Larson Matching IDENTIFYING KEY TERMS, PEOPLE, AND PLACES Match each item with the correct statement below. You will not use all the items. a. direct primary

More information

2.5 - PROGRESSIVE ERA POLITICS UNIT 2 THE PROGRESSIVE ERA SECTION 5 POLITICS

2.5 - PROGRESSIVE ERA POLITICS UNIT 2 THE PROGRESSIVE ERA SECTION 5 POLITICS 2.5 - PROGRESSIVE ERA POLITICS UNIT 2 THE PROGRESSIVE ERA SECTION 5 POLITICS Learning Targets & Key Words The Students Will Be Able To (TSWBAT): Identify the major accomplishments of Progressive Era presidents

More information

Chapter 6:FEDERALISTS AND REPUBLICANS

Chapter 6:FEDERALISTS AND REPUBLICANS Chapter 6:FEDERALISTS AND REPUBLICANS Objectives: We will examine the main tenets of Alexander Hamilton and the Federalist Party. We will examine the opposition Republican party and their issues of contention

More information

Quick Class Discussion: What problems existed within the city, state, and national gov ts?

Quick Class Discussion: What problems existed within the city, state, and national gov ts? During the Gilded Age, city, state, and national governments were in need of reform Corrupt political machines controlled city gov ts Political positions were gained based on patronage not merit Corruption

More information

UNITED STATES HISTORY. Unit 3 THE PROGRESSIVE ERA Aka Power to the People

UNITED STATES HISTORY. Unit 3 THE PROGRESSIVE ERA Aka Power to the People UNITED STATES HISTORY Unit 3 THE PROGRESSIVE ERA Aka Power to the People THE ORIGINS OF PROGRESSIVISM Progressivism- reform movement in the U.S. in early 1900s aimed at returning control of the government

More information

Notes for Government American Government

Notes for Government American Government Chapter 13 The Presidency Notes for Government American Government Section 1 The President s Job Description The Constitution grants the President six of his eight roles. The President acts as the ceremonial

More information

Constitution Practice Quiz

Constitution Practice Quiz 1 Which action illustrates the concept of checks and balances? (1) President Harry Truman issuing an executive order to desegregate the military (2) Congress overriding President Richard Nixon s veto of

More information

Chapter 18 Reconstruction pg Rebuilding the Union pg One American s Story

Chapter 18 Reconstruction pg Rebuilding the Union pg One American s Story Chapter 18 Reconstruction 1865 1877 pg. 530 551 18 1 Rebuilding the Union pg. 533 537 One American s Story What Pennsylvania congressman became a leader of the Radical Republicans? Reconstruction Begins

More information

The Progressive Spirit of Reform. Chapter 21 Page 658

The Progressive Spirit of Reform. Chapter 21 Page 658 The Progressive Spirit of Reform Chapter 21 Page 658 The Gilded Age and the Progressive Movement Chapter 21 section 1 page 662 Political Corruption In the late 1800s city and county politics were dominated

More information

LESSON 3: POLITICAL PARTIES, VOTING, AND ELECTIONS

LESSON 3: POLITICAL PARTIES, VOTING, AND ELECTIONS LESSON 3: POLITICAL PARTIES, VOTING, AND ELECTIONS INTRODUCTION caucus incumbent interest groups keynote address lobbying party platform plurality political parties precinct pressure groups primary election

More information

Warm Up/Do Now: Defend or Attack the Following Quote 4 Minutes. By Mr. Cegielski

Warm Up/Do Now: Defend or Attack the Following Quote 4 Minutes. By Mr. Cegielski Essential Questions: What are the origins of political parties? Did the Founders intend for them to exist? What are the functions of political parties? Are political parties necessary? What are the party

More information

Chapter 8, Section 3

Chapter 8, Section 3 Chapter 8, Section 3 Big Ideas: The Election of 1912 Wilson won the election because Republican voters split with some voting for Taft and others for Roosevelt. Election of 1912 Roosevelt felt that Taft

More information

Chapter 9 The Progressive Presidents ( ) Sept, 1901 William McKinley shot in Buffalo NY, by Leon Czolgosz (CHAWLgawsh)

Chapter 9 The Progressive Presidents ( ) Sept, 1901 William McKinley shot in Buffalo NY, by Leon Czolgosz (CHAWLgawsh) 8.1 Roosevelt Becomes President Chapter 9 The Progressive Presidents (1900-1920) Sept, 1901 William McKinley shot in Buffalo NY, by Leon Czolgosz (CHAWLgawsh) I. Roosevelt s Path to the Presidency Vice

More information

SECTION 1 The President s Job Description. SECTION 2 Presidential Succession and the Vice Presidency

SECTION 1 The President s Job Description. SECTION 2 Presidential Succession and the Vice Presidency C H A P T E R 13 The Presidency SECTION 1 The President s Job Description SECTION 2 Presidential Succession and the Vice Presidency SECTION 3 Presidential Selection: The Framers Plan SECTION 4 Presidential

More information

Chapter 08 - Political Parties

Chapter 08 - Political Parties Chapter 08 - Political Parties The state of the political parties is a matter of constant concern for the media. Even when an election is relatively far off, commentators obsessively assess the relative

More information

Guided Reading & Analysis: The Age of Jackson, Chapter 10- Era of the Common Man pp

Guided Reading & Analysis: The Age of Jackson, Chapter 10- Era of the Common Man pp THIS IS A TRADITIONAL & OPTIONAL ASSIGNMENT IT MUST BE PRINTED AND COMPLETED IN INK! Name: Class Period: Due Date: / / Guided Reading & Analysis: The Age of Jackson, 1824-1844 Chapter 10- Era of the Common

More information

Chapter 16 - Reconstruction

Chapter 16 - Reconstruction Chapter 16 - Reconstruction Section Notes Rebuilding the South The Fight over Reconstruction Reconstruction in the South Quick Facts The Reconstruction Amendments Hopes Raised and Denied Chapter 16 Visual

More information

American Presidential Elections. The American presidential election system has produced some interesting quirks, such as...

American Presidential Elections. The American presidential election system has produced some interesting quirks, such as... American Presidential Elections The American presidential election system has produced some interesting quirks, such as..., when s Jefferson and Burr receive the same number of electoral votes, thus forcing

More information

Objectives. What did Roosevelt think government should do for citizens? Discuss Theodore Roosevelt s ideas on the role of government.

Objectives. What did Roosevelt think government should do for citizens? Discuss Theodore Roosevelt s ideas on the role of government. Objectives Discuss Theodore Roosevelt s ideas on the role of government. Analyze how Roosevelt changed the government s role in the economy. Explain the impact of Roosevelt s actions on natural resources.

More information

To understand the U.S. electoral college and, more generally, American democracy, it is critical to understand that when voters go to the polls on

To understand the U.S. electoral college and, more generally, American democracy, it is critical to understand that when voters go to the polls on To understand the U.S. electoral college and, more generally, American democracy, it is critical to understand that when voters go to the polls on Tuesday, November 8th, they are not voting together in

More information

HERE WAS BURIED THOMAS JEFFERSON AUTHOR OF THE DECLARATION OF AMERICAN INDEPENDENCE OF THE STATUTE OF VIRGINIA FOR RELIGIOUS FREEDOM AND FATHER OF

HERE WAS BURIED THOMAS JEFFERSON AUTHOR OF THE DECLARATION OF AMERICAN INDEPENDENCE OF THE STATUTE OF VIRGINIA FOR RELIGIOUS FREEDOM AND FATHER OF HERE WAS BURIED THOMAS JEFFERSON AUTHOR OF THE DECLARATION OF AMERICAN INDEPENDENCE OF THE STATUTE OF VIRGINIA FOR RELIGIOUS FREEDOM AND FATHER OF THE UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA BORN APRIL 13, 1743 DIED JULY

More information

Election of May the Candidates Please Rise

Election of May the Candidates Please Rise Election of 1860 May the Candidates Please Rise The Election of 1860 During the election of 1860 four candies ran for office. Each candidate had different views. Slavery of course will be a major issue

More information

The Progressive Era. Unit 1: The Gilded Age ( )

The Progressive Era. Unit 1: The Gilded Age ( ) The Progressive Era Unit 1: The Gilded Age (1870-1920) Grassroots Movement Protecting social welfare to combat the harsh realities of industrial and urban life Promoting morality as a key to improving

More information

American Government: Roots, Context, and Culture 2

American Government: Roots, Context, and Culture 2 1 American Government: Roots, Context, and Culture 2 The Constitution Multiple-Choice Questions 1. How does the Preamble to the Constitution begin? a. We the People... b. Four score and seven years ago...

More information

The Americans (Reconstruction to the 21st Century)

The Americans (Reconstruction to the 21st Century) The Americans (Reconstruction to the 21st Century) Chapter 9: TELESCOPING THE TIMES The Progressive Era CHAPTER OVERVIEW In the first two decades of the 1900s, Americans embrace the Progressive movement

More information

CHAPTER 20: Troubled Succession

CHAPTER 20: Troubled Succession CHAPTER 20: Troubled Succession Objectives: o We will examine the troubled succession of William Howard Taft to the presidency, and how it paved the way for the ascension of Woodrow Wilson o We will analyze

More information

Period 3: 1754 to 1800 (French and Indian War Election of Jefferson)

Period 3: 1754 to 1800 (French and Indian War Election of Jefferson) Period 3: 1754 to 1800 (French and Indian War Election of Jefferson) Key Concept 3.1: British attempts to assert tighter control over its North American colonies and the colonial resolve to pursue self-government

More information

A History of Political Parties in the US

A History of Political Parties in the US A History of Political Parties in the US What is a Political Party? A Political Party is a group of persons who seek to control government through the winning of elections and the holding of public office

More information

The Electoral Process STEP BY STEP. the worksheet activity to the class. the answers with the class. (The PowerPoint works well for this.

The Electoral Process STEP BY STEP. the worksheet activity to the class. the answers with the class. (The PowerPoint works well for this. Teacher s Guide Time Needed: One class period Materials Needed: Student worksheets Projector Copy Instructions: Reading (2 pages; class set) Activity (3 pages; class set) The Electoral Process Learning

More information

The Progressive Era. America Seeks Reforms in the Early 20 th Century

The Progressive Era. America Seeks Reforms in the Early 20 th Century The Progressive Era America Seeks Reforms in the Early 20 th Century Origins of Progressivism As America entered the 20 th century, middle class reformers at the municipal, state, and national levels addressed

More information

History of American Political Parties

History of American Political Parties History of American Political Parties 1791-2014 Political Parties NOT in the Constitution FEDERALIST PAPER #10 ABRIDGED The Same Subject Continued The Union as a Safeguard Against Domestic Faction and

More information

What four men ran for president and what parts of the country did they represent?

What four men ran for president and what parts of the country did they represent? Chapter 12 The Age of Jackson pg. 366 389 12 1 Politics of the People The Election of 1824 What four men ran for president and what parts of the country did they represent? Why was the election of 1824

More information

Republican Party. Republican Party, one of the two major United States political parties, founded by a coalition in 1854.

Republican Party. Republican Party, one of the two major United States political parties, founded by a coalition in 1854. Republican Party I INTRODUCTION Republican Party, one of the two major United States political parties, founded by a coalition in 1854. The coalition was composed of former members of the Whig, Free-Soil,

More information

MUCKRAKERS. social, economic, and political injustices. corruption, scandal and injustice to the public view

MUCKRAKERS. social, economic, and political injustices. corruption, scandal and injustice to the public view THE PROGRESSIVE ERA MUCKRAKERS Journalists focusing on social, economic, and political injustices Known for exposing corruption, scandal and injustice to the public view They investigated governments,

More information

Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, and Woodrow Wilson

Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, and Woodrow Wilson Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, and Woodrow Wilson Theodore Roosevelt is the most prominent Progressive President in United States History. He consistently supported Progressive goals like consumer

More information

The Federalist Era:

The Federalist Era: The Federalist Era: 1789-1801 THE FEDERALIST ERA: DOMESTIC Issues I. America in 1790 A. Population: 4 million B. U.S. was recovering from a depression C. Challenges by Britain and Spain threatened the

More information

The Progressive Era. America Seeks Reforms in the Early 20 th Century

The Progressive Era. America Seeks Reforms in the Early 20 th Century The Progressive Era America Seeks Reforms in the Early 20 th Century Goals of Progressive Reformers 1. Protect social welfare (helping the disadvantaged) 2. Promote moral development (making good choices)

More information

Magruder s American Government

Magruder s American Government Presentation Pro Magruder s American Government C H A P T E R 13 The Presidency 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. C H A P T E R 13 The Presidency SECTION 1 The President s Job Description SECTION 2 Presidential

More information

Unit #2: Political Beliefs/Political Behaviors AP US Government & Politics Mr. Coia

Unit #2: Political Beliefs/Political Behaviors AP US Government & Politics Mr. Coia Unit #2: Political Beliefs/Political Behaviors AP US Government & Politics Mr. Coia Name: Date: Period: Mon 10/6 AP Gov course evaluation Grading FRQs Conservative and liberal views Explain Election Interview

More information

Chapter 12: Reconstruction ( )

Chapter 12: Reconstruction ( ) Name: Period Page# Chapter 12: Reconstruction (1865 1877) Section 1: Presidential Reconstruction What condition was the South in following the Civil War? How were Lincoln s and Johnson s Reconstruction

More information

The Progressive Era. America Seeks Reforms in the Early 20 th Century

The Progressive Era. America Seeks Reforms in the Early 20 th Century The Progressive Era America Seeks Reforms in the Early 20 th Century Origins of Progressivism As America entered the 20 th century, middle class reformers at the municipal, state, and national levels addressed

More information

4. This allowed for the popular, or direct, election of U.S. senators.

4. This allowed for the popular, or direct, election of U.S. senators. Page 1 1. Write the letter of the term or name that matches the description. a. recall e. muckraker i. progressive movement b. initiative f. Florence Kelley j. Seventeenth Amendment c. prohibition g. Robert

More information

Period 3: Give examples of colonial rivalry between Britain and France

Period 3: Give examples of colonial rivalry between Britain and France Period 3: 1754 1800 Key Concept 3.1: British attempts to assert tighter control over its North American colonies and the colonial resolve to pursue self government led to a colonial independence movement

More information

We ve looked at presidents as individuals - Now,

We ve looked at presidents as individuals - Now, We ve looked at presidents as individuals - Now, How much can a president really control, no matter what his strengths and skills? How much can a leader or anyone - determine outcomes, and how much is

More information

History of American Political Parties

History of American Political Parties History of American Political Parties 1791-2014 FEDERALIST PAPER #10 ABRIDGED The Same Subject Continued The Union as a Safeguard Against Domestic Faction and Insurrection From the New York Packet. Friday,

More information

The Americans (Survey)

The Americans (Survey) The Americans (Survey) Chapter 17: TELESCOPING THE TIMES The Progressive Era CHAPTER OVERVIEW In the first two decades of the 1900s, Americans embrace the Progressive movement and many of its reforms.

More information

The election of 1912

The election of 1912 The election of 1912 The Republican Party & President William H. Taft Keep the Whistle Blowing Taft was determined to defeat TR and preserve the conservative heart of the Republican Party. Come, Mr. President.

More information

Grade 7 History Mr. Norton

Grade 7 History Mr. Norton Grade 7 History Mr. Norton Section 1: Washington Takes Office Section 2: Creating a Foreign Policy Section 3: Political Parties Emerge Section 4: The Second President Grade 7 History Mr. Norton Cornell

More information

LOREM IPSUM. Book Title DOLOR SET AMET

LOREM IPSUM. Book Title DOLOR SET AMET LOREM IPSUM Book Title DOLOR SET AMET Chapter 8 The Federalist Era With a new constitution in place, George Washington would take the reigns of a fledgling nation. He, along with John Adams and Thomas

More information

AMERICA SEEKS REFORMS IN THE EARLY 20 TH CENTURY

AMERICA SEEKS REFORMS IN THE EARLY 20 TH CENTURY AMERICA SEEKS REFORMS IN THE EARLY 20 TH CENTURY ORIGINS OF PROGRESSIVISM As America entered into the 20 th century, middle class reformers addressed many social problems Work conditions, rights for women

More information

Quiz # 5 Chapter 14 The Executive Branch (President)

Quiz # 5 Chapter 14 The Executive Branch (President) Quiz # 5 Chapter 14 The Executive Branch (President) 1. In a parliamentary system, the voters cannot choose a. their members of parliament. b. their prime minister. c. between two or more parties. d. whether

More information

POLI 423 FALL 2012 GUIDELINES FOR RESEARCH REPORTS ON PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS

POLI 423 FALL 2012 GUIDELINES FOR RESEARCH REPORTS ON PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS POLI 423 FALL 2012 1. General Instructions GUIDELINES FOR RESEARCH REPORTS ON PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS As noted in the syllabus, one requirement in this course is completion of a modest research report,

More information

THE AGE OF JACKSON B) more Americans should become involved in politics A) white males first received universal suffrage

THE AGE OF JACKSON B) more Americans should become involved in politics A) white males first received universal suffrage 1. Jacksonian Democracy was based primarily on the principle that A) all Americans should be allowed to vote B) more Americans should become involved in politics C) the two party system needed to be modified

More information

Chapter 09: Campaigns and Elections Multiple Choice

Chapter 09: Campaigns and Elections Multiple Choice Multiple Choice 1. In most states, the provides the list of registered voters and makes certain that only qualified voters cast ballots. a. super political action committee b. election board c. electorate

More information

"The Jacksonian Democrats of the 1830's had virtually the same political views as the Jeffersonian Democrats of an earlier era"

The Jacksonian Democrats of the 1830's had virtually the same political views as the Jeffersonian Democrats of an earlier era "The Jacksonian Democrats of the 1830's had virtually the same political views as the Jeffersonian Democrats of an earlier era" -- Assess the validity of this statement Thesis The Jacksonian and Jeffersonian

More information

2. A bitter battle between Theodore Roosevelt and his successor, William H. Taft, led to.

2. A bitter battle between Theodore Roosevelt and his successor, William H. Taft, led to. Unit 1 Exam Review 1. Why did Theodore Roosevelt propose the Square Deal? 2. A bitter battle between Theodore Roosevelt and his successor, William H. Taft, led to. 3. President Wilson promised a foreign

More information

causes of internal migration and patterns of settlement in what would become the United States, and explain how migration has affected American life.

causes of internal migration and patterns of settlement in what would become the United States, and explain how migration has affected American life. MIG-2.0: Analyze causes of internal migration and patterns of settlement in what would become the United States, and explain how migration has affected American life. cooperation, competition, and conflict

More information

Jacksonian Democracy

Jacksonian Democracy Jacksonian Democracy 1824-1840 Jackson vs. Adams The Election of 1824 With the breakdown of the Caucus system for choosing candidates, four Republican candidates campaigned for the presidency John Quincy

More information

Election of Worksheet #1 - Candidates and Parties. Abraham Lincoln. Stephen A. Douglas. John C. Breckinridge. John Bell

Election of Worksheet #1 - Candidates and Parties. Abraham Lincoln. Stephen A. Douglas. John C. Breckinridge. John Bell III. Activities Election of 1860 Name Worksheet #1 Candidates and Parties The election of 1860 demonstrated the divisions within the United States. The political parties of the decades before 1860 no longer

More information

Election of Worksheet #1 - Candidates and Parties. Abraham Lincoln. Stephen A. Douglas. John C. Breckinridge. John Bell

Election of Worksheet #1 - Candidates and Parties. Abraham Lincoln. Stephen A. Douglas. John C. Breckinridge. John Bell III. Activities Election of 1860 Name Worksheet #1 Candidates and Parties The election of 1860 demonstrated the divisions within the United States. The political parties of the decades before 1860 no longer

More information