Readiness Knowledge and Skills Social Studies 8 STAAR Review

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Readiness Knowledge and Skills Social Studies 8 STAAR Review"

Transcription

1 Exploration & Colonial Era i Reasons for Exploration God spread Christianity Gold gain wealth Glory fame and international recognition, nationalism Leads to discovery of North America and its colonization Important Dates 1607 Jamestown founded: 1st permanent English settlement 1620 Plymouth founded: Pilgrims traveled to Plymouth and signed the Mayflower Compact to establish self-government Early Representative Government Virginia House of Burgesses 1 st representative assembly in North America Mayflower Compact signed by Pilgrim men, who agreed to self-government through a social contract Establishing Colonies Religious and Political freedom Economic Opportunity (Mercantilism and land ownership) Settlement of the American Colonies New England: settled by Pilgrims and Puritans to escape religious persecution in England Mid-Atlantic: Diversity & religious tolerance; NY key trading area; Quakers led by William Penn founded Pennsylvania Lower South: Maryland founded by persecuted Catholics; Georgia was created for outcasts and debtors Slavery Established The need for cheap laborers to grow cash crops encouraged white settlers to use African slaves Farmers grew cash crops on plantations in the South and used slaves so they could practice commercial agriculture cheaply. Invention of the cotton gin made it even easier and cheaper to grow cotton. This led to a higher demand for cotton and thus, more slaves. As America acquired more territory, the issue of slavery became a controversial issue. People of the Colonies Thomas Hooker founder of Connecticut, who adopted the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, America s first written Constitution. William Penn founded Pennsylvania as a refuge for Quakers. He supported freedom of worship, welcomed immigrants, and sought peace with Native Americans. Anne Hutchinson banished from Massachusetts for preaching; one of the founders of Rhode Island. New England Southern Middle Triangular Trade French and Indian War Mercantilism benefits Britain British colonists wanted French land in North America British fought against French and Native American allies Native Americans fought against the British because they were afraid the British would take their land Treaty of Paris, 1763 Ended the French and Indian War Britain was left in debt and began taxing the colonists to pay for the war and the Proclamation of 1763 was established to keep colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mts.

2 Revolutionary Era New Ways of Thinking The Enlightenment belief that government s sole purpose is to protect the rights of its people; questioned Kings authority First Great Awakening religious revival; belief that God speaks to all people, not just the wealthy or elite; questioned authority Increasing Tension with Britain British Policy Definition Colonial Reaction Proclamation of 1763 Sugar Act Stamp Act Forbade settlement west of Appalachians Tax on sugar Tax on documents Angry; ignored it, moved anyway Taxation without representation Protests; formed the Sons of Liberty Townshend Acts Tax on imports Boycotts; riots Tea Act Tax on tea Boston Tea Party Intolerable Acts Revolutionary War Closed Boston Harbor First Continental Congress Lexington & Concord first battles of the Revolution British planned to arrest colonial leaders and seize weapons Paul Revere made famous Midnight Ride to warn the militia Known as the shot heard round the world Second Continental Congress Chose Washington as commander of the Continental Army Approved the creation of a Declaration of Independence Became the nation s first acting government Declaration of Independence July 4, 1776 written primarily by Thomas Jefferson listed grievances against George III and claimed independence from Britain based on the philosophies of John Locke Saratoga turning point of the war convinced the French king to recognize and aide Americans Valley Forge harsh winter endured by Continental Army Many deserted, Washington had to motivate his troops to stay Marquis de Lafayette and Baron von Stueben arrive from Europe to help train the army Yorktown last major battle of the war French ships prevent British supplies from reaching Yorktown British General Cornwallis is forced to surrender Treaty of Paris, 1783 ended the American Revolution The 13 colonies become independent from England The boundary of the U.S. extends to the Mississippi River Key Individuals of the American Revolution George Washington Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army; despite loses, kept his army together and motivated Crispus Attucks African American who was the first man to die at the Boston Massacre Samuel Adams Boston patriot who established the Committees of Correspondence to keep colonists informed of British actions; Leader of the Sons of Liberty Benjamin Franklin author, publisher, inventor and diplomat Patrick Henry Virginia patriot who gave his famous speech ending in, give me liberty, or give me death! Thomas Paine wrote Common Sense to justify the colonists independence; wrote American Crisis to motivate soldiers to keep fighting despite losses and a hard winter at Valley Forge Abigail Adams wife of John Adams, known for her support of women s rights from letters to her husband Wentworth Cheswell African-American patriot; rode with Paul Revere during the Midnight Ride; fought at Saratoga Mercy Otis Warren Patriot writer who supported independence and convinced other to join the cause. First woman historian of the American Revolution James Armistead African-American spy during the war; spied on General Cornwallis camp Bernardo de Galvez Spaniard sailor who held off the British fleet in New Orleans during the war Haym Salomon Jewish banker who spied on the British and also helped finance the war Marquis de Lafayette French nobleman who helped train American soldiers during the war John Paul Jones father of the U.S. Navy ; Led raids on British ships and famously said, I have not yet begun to fight! King George III King of England during the Revolutionary War Articles of Confederation Adopted by the states in 1781 as the nation s 1st constitution Loose Confederation of states, each with one vote in Congress Northwest Land Ordinance set procedure for orderly expansion of the U.S. Weaknesses: no power to tax or raise an army; states printed own money; Shay s Rebellion was stopped by a state militia Constitutional Convention, 1787 Also called the Philadelphia Convention Delegates met to revise the Articles of Confederation; instead they wrote an entirely new constitution and formed a new government.

3 Forming a New Nation People and Documents that influenced American Government Magna Carta, 1215 limited the power of the King; guaranteed the right to a trial by jury English Bill of Rights frequent elections; guaranteed right to bear arms, forbade cruel and unusual punishment; trial by jury John Locke wrote that govt is a social contract. Govt exists by the consent of the people and must protect unalienable rights: Life, Liberty, and Property Charles de Montesquieu French philosopher who defined the principle of separation of powers and checks & balances in govt. William Blackstone defined individual rights in English law that could not be violated, even by a king 7 Principles of the Constitution (cont d) Separation of Powers splits the powers of govt into 3 branches Checks and Balances each branch makes sure the others are working the way they are supposed to Debate and Compromise over Representation in Congress The Connecticut Compromise (Great Compromise) Virginia Plan Representation based on population New Jersey Plan Equal representation for all states The 3/5ths Compromise slaves were counted as 3/5ths (60%) of a white citizen for purposes of representation and taxation 7 Principles of the Constitution The Great Compromise U.S. Congress One house based on population (House of Representatives) One house based on equal representation (Senate) Limited Government everyone, even govt officials, are subject to the law Popular Sovereignty the government was created by the people in order to govern themselves; majority rules Republicanism the desires of the people are represented in government by elected representatives Federalism power of the government is shared between the states and the national government Individual Rights Bill of Rights protects personal freedoms against the powers of the government Ratification Debates Federalists support ratification (approval) of the Constitution Anti-Federalist oppose ratification of the Constitution Federalists Led by Alexander Hamilton and James Madison Favored a strong nat l govt Wrote Federalist Papers to gain support from the people Separation of Powers will safeguard against tyranny Anti-Federalists Led by Patrick Henry and George Mason Favored strong state govt s Wrote Anti-Federalist papers to gain support from people Only a Bill of Rights will safeguard against tyranny The Constitution was ratified in 1788 and the Bill of Rights were added in Bill of Rights first 10 Amendments to the Constitution 1 st Freedom of speech, press, religion, petition, and assembly 2 nd right to bear arms 3 rd protection from quartering of troops 4 th protection from unreasonable searches and seizures 5 th protection from double jeopardy and self-incrimination 6 th right to a speedy and public trial by jury in criminal cases 7 th right to a jury in civil cases 8 th No cruel or unusual punishment or excessive bail 9 th Protection of rights not stated in the Constitution 10 th Powers not listed belong to the states and/or people

4 Early Republic Development of Political Parties Federalists Democratic- Republicans Leaders Alexander Hamilton Thomas Jefferson John Adams James Madison Government Strong nat l govt Weak nat l govt Constitution Loose interpretation Strict interpretation Economy Based on industry Based on agriculture Democracy Fear of mob rule Fear of rule by one or a few Foreign Affairs Favored England Favored France First 5 Presidents George Washington no Political Party Hamilton s Financial Plan create a national bank; place a tariff on imported goods Farewell address encouraged isolationism and no forming of political parties John Adams Federalist Party XYZ Affair; Alien and Sedition Acts Thomas Jefferson Democratic-Republican Marbury v. Madison (1803) said that the Supreme Court had right to review all laws made by Congress; established the principle of Judicial Review Louisiana Purchase (1803) purchased from France for $15 million, doubled the size of the U.S. Mercantilism v. Free Enterprise Free enterprise economic system where the people decide what to make, buy, and sell Mercantilism British imposed strict control of colonial economy Colonies discouraged from manufacturing goods Colonies forced to buy British goods Colonial trade with other countries is restricted British controlled prices of goods Industrialization Free Enterprise Govt. does not control but regulates trade to make it fair Americans free to produce whatever goods we want Americans can buy goods from any country Free trade: Americans can trade with any country Consumer controls price of goods with supply & demand Factors that led to Industrialization: War of 1812 America was forced to make their own goods Inventions changed the way goods were produced Improvements in transportation made it easier, faster and cheaper to send goods to buyers Main features of Industrialization: More people worked, including women, children, & immigrants People moved to cities to be near their jobs = Urbanization Protective tariffs encouraged Americans to buy domestic goods James Madison Democratic-Republican War of 1812 James Monroe Democratic-Republican Monroe Doctrine stated that Europe can no longer establish colonies in North or South America U.S. promised to stay out of European affairs McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) said that a state could not tax a national bank; increased the power of the Federal Govt. Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) said that federal government had the power to regulate trade between states **John Marshall One of the most influential Supreme Court Chief Justices; rulings increased the power of the national Govt. War of 1812 Causes England prevented trade with other countries Impressment of U.S. sailors (forced to work on British ships) England encouraged Native Americans to attack settlers Effects Foreign Affairs America proved it could protect itself Economy U.S. became more independent of foreign trade; created their own goods, sparked the Industrial Revolution Nationalism Americans felt more patriotic about their country Key Inventions Cotton gin removes seeds from cotton fiber; faster production Power loom weaves cotton into textiles (fabric); demand for cotton increases Interchangeable parts identical parts that can easily replace another; allows for easy assembly and repair; low skilled jobs Bessemer process inexpensive mass production of steal Telegraph uses Morse Code to send messages across a cable Plow and reaper tools that improved agricultural production Improvements in Transportation Canals helped link western farms to northern cities and made it easier to transport people and goods: Erie Canal in NY Steam boat allowed for goods to travel faster Railroads helped expand the growth of cities, trade, and the migration of people

5 Age of Jackson & Antebellum Era Key issues during Jackson s Presidency: Election of 1828 Jackson defeats incumbent John Q. Adams; prior to the election, the Democratic-Republican party splits Jacksonian Democracy as champion of the common man, Jackson supported increased male suffrage (right to vote) Spoils System where an elected official hires his supporters into public office; allows average people to work in govt. jobs Nullification Crisis South Carolina, led by Vice-President John C. Calhoun, threatened secession if they could not nullify the Tariff of Abominations because it hurt Southern interests o Henry Clay, the Great Compromiser, created a plan to satisfy both S. Carolina and Jackson, and thus, avoided war War on the Bank Jackson vetoed the renewal of the 2 nd Bank of the U.S. and transferred its deposits into state banks. This both killed the bank and led to an economic panic Whig Party Political Party that opposed the policies of Andrew Jackson; led by Daniel Webster and Henry Clay Native American Policies Indian Removal Act law that would relocate 5 southeastern Native American tribes to Oklahoma Worcester v. Georgia Cherokee nation sued Georgia to keep their lands and won; however, Jackson did not enforce the ruling Trail of Tears harsh journey of the Cherokee into Indian Territory; estimated 4,000 out of 16,000 died along the way Reform in America Second Great Awakening religious revival that focused on change and repairing moral wrongs; launched the Age of Reform: Public Education Horace Mann believed all children should have an education Labor Workers protested to get better wages, hours and conditions Temperance Social movement to stop the sale and consumption of alcohol Prison/Hospital Dorothea Dix fought to rehabilitate prisoners and to improve conditions for the mentally ill Transcendentalism Ralph Waldo Emerson stressed spiritual importance in life Henry David Thoreau wrote Civil Disobedience, refused to pay tax that supported war with Mexico/expansion of slavery Women s Rights sought equal treatment & suffrage for women Susan B. Anthony leader in women s suffrage movement Elizabeth Cady Stanton author and women s rights activist Seneca Falls Convention meeting in Seneca Falls, NY Declaration of Sentiments drafted which defines the injustices of men toward women; demanded equal treatment in society Abolition the movement to end slavery The North banned slavery and wanted the South to do the same William Lloyd Garrison published abolitionist newspaper The Liberator Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote Uncle Tom s Cabin, which portrayed the realities of slavery Frederick Douglass and Sojourner Truth both escaped slavery and became leading abolitionist speakers Harriet Tubman former slave and conductor of the Underground Railroad, escape routes into Canada John Brown militant abolitionist who killed slavery supporters in Kansas and led a raid on a federal arsenal at Harper s Ferry Reasons for Westward Expansion: Manifest Destiny the idea that America is destined to expand from Sea to shining Sea - the Atlantic to the Pacific Wealth from rich farm lands, timber, minerals and gold Belief that Americans should own their own piece of land Compromises on Slavery As the nation expanded, the question of whether slavery would be allowed in newly acquired territories was a continuous debate: Missouri Compromise (1820) admitted Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state kept balance between free and slave states in Congress prohibited slavery north of Missouri Compromise of 1850 California becomes a free state no slave trade in D.C. popular sovereignty to determine slavery in Mexican Cession Fugitive Slave Law helped slave owners recover their runaway slaves from the North Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854) replaced the Missouri Compromise Slavery in each territory to be decided by popular sovereignty Bleeding Kansas Conflict between pro-slavery and antislavery supporters in Kansas from

6 Civil War & Reconstruction Sectionalism Tension between the North and South as each section of the country placed its own interests above the nation as a whole Factors that increased Sectionalism: Different Economies Abolitionist Movement o Industry in the North Bleeding Kansas o Agriculture in the South Dred Scott v Sandford States Rights Tariffs/Nullification Crisis John Brown s raid on Harper s Ferry Election of 1860 Republican Abraham Lincoln wins the Election of 1860 South Carolina secedes (withdraws) from the Union o Within months, 10 other states secede and form the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis becomes President of the Confederacy o Based on the idea of States Rights, he argues that states voluntarily joined the Union and thus had the right to leave Civil War Fort Sumter first shots of the Civil War No casualties, but Ft. Sumter falls to Confederate forces Battle of Antietam bloodiest battle in the Civil War Battle was inconclusive, but had nearly 23,000 casualties Emancipation Proclamation Decreed by Lincoln on Jan 1 st, 1863 Set the slaves free in the rebellious southern states Battle of Gettysburg turning point of the war Lincoln gave the Gettysburg Address in honor of the dead soldiers stating the Union was worth fighting for included ideas about liberty & equality; new birth of freedom Siege of Vicksburg Union gains control of the Mississippi River Surrounds and splits Confederacy in two Success of the Anaconda Plan Election of 1864 Lincoln wins re-election No punishment of the South; with malice toward none... Promises to bind up the nation s wounds Civil War (cont d) Appomattox Courthouse ends the Civil War Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrenders to Union General Ulysses S. Grant No prisoners taken; all soldiers sent home w food & supplies Lincoln Assassinated Five days after Lee s surrender, Lincoln is shot in the head at Ford s Theater by John Wilkes Booth Andrew Johnson, the Vice-President, becomes President People of the Civil War/Reconstruction Era Ulysses S. Grant Commanding General of the Union army William Carney 1st African-American awarded the Medal of Honor while serving as the flag bearer in the 54th Massachusetts Regiment at the Battle of Fort Wagner Philip Bazaar Latino Navy Seaman who was awarded the Medal of Honor for his valor in the Battle for Fort Fisher Robert E. Lee Commanding General of the Confederate army Stonewall Jackson Confederate General who won many victories despite the odds; accidently shot by one of his own men Hiram Rhodes Revels first African American to be elected to Congress (Senate) Reconstruction The process of re-admitting Southern States into the Union Andrew Johnson followed Lincoln s goals Reconstruction Ex-Confederates swore allegiance to the U.S. to avoid treason States adopted the 13 th Amendment to send members back to Congress Freedman s Bureau established to help freed slaves (freedmen) with food, clothing, medical care, and education Black Codes series of laws in the South that limited the freedom of former slaves Radical Republicans Congressmen who sought reforms to: punish and impose a new order on the South grant citizenship rights to former slaves Reconstruction Amendments to the Constitution 13 th Amendment Slavery outlawed; all current slaves set Free 14 th Amendment Made all former slaves American Citizens 15 th Amendment Citizens regardless of race allowed to Vote Western Territories Homestead Act offered 160 acres of land, free to anyone who agreed to live on and improve the land for 5 years Morrill Act land grant that established universities that taught agriculture and the mechanical arts (Texas A&M) Dawes Act Indian policy that broke up Indian reservations into individual land plots; forced cultural assimilation

Grade 8 Social Studies Assessment. Eligible Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills

Grade 8 Social Studies Assessment. Eligible Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills Grade 8 Social Studies Assessment Eligible Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills STAAR Grade 8 Social Studies Assessment Based on Revised Curriculum Reporting Category 1: History The student will demonstrate

More information

TEKS Snapshot - Grade 8 Social Studies

TEKS Snapshot - Grade 8 Social Studies Process Standards (Social Studies Skills and Processes) 8.29 Social Studies skills. The student applies critical-thinking skills to organize and use information acquired through established research methodologies

More information

Standard 3: Causes of the American Revolution. e. Declaration of Independence

Standard 3: Causes of the American Revolution. e. Declaration of Independence Name Date Hour U.S. History to 1877 OCCT Review Study Guide Use your notes, your textbook and all of the knowledge gained this year to complete this O.C.C.T. Review Study Guide. This study guide will be

More information

STAAR STUDY GUIDE 2. Designated materials are the intellectual property of s3strategies, LLC. Permission is granted for internal district use only.

STAAR STUDY GUIDE 2. Designated materials are the intellectual property of s3strategies, LLC. Permission is granted for internal district use only. Dred Scott v. Sandford - Dred Scott, a southern slave, sues for his freedom. Court decision rules that: African Americans had no rights to citizenship & Congress could not limit a slave owner s control

More information

27. Patrick Henry A Virginia Patriot and an important person in the American Revolution who said, Give me liberty or give me death. 28.

27. Patrick Henry A Virginia Patriot and an important person in the American Revolution who said, Give me liberty or give me death. 28. History Facts 1. 1607 The year Jamestown was founded as the first permanent English settlement in the Americas 2. 1620 The Mayflower Compact helps establish the idea of self-government and majority rule

More information

Readiness Knowledge and Skills Social Studies 8 STAAR Review

Readiness Knowledge and Skills Social Studies 8 STAAR Review Answer is A Major Era 1 Exploration and Colonial Era 1492-1763 Exploration Reasons for exploration: Religion (God) Wealth (Gold) Fame and International recognition (Glory) Leads to discovery of North America

More information

Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS)

Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) 113.24. Social Studies, Grade 8. Category Student Expectation Strategy/Assessment (a) Introduction (1) In Grade 8, students study the history of the United States

More information

CHAPTER 113. TEXAS ESSENTIAL KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS (TEKS) FOR SOCIAL STUDIES Subchapter B. Middle School Social Studies, Grade 8.

CHAPTER 113. TEXAS ESSENTIAL KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS (TEKS) FOR SOCIAL STUDIES Subchapter B. Middle School Social Studies, Grade 8. CHAPTER 113. TEXAS ESSENTIAL KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS (TEKS) FOR SOCIAL STUDIES Subchapter B. Middle School 113.24. Social Studies, Grade 8. Correlated to HISTORY OF OUR NATION: 2005 4201 Woodland Road Circle

More information

Readiness Knowledge and Skills Social Studies 8 STAAR Review

Readiness Knowledge and Skills Social Studies 8 STAAR Review Major Era 1 Exploration and Colonial Era 1492-1763 Exploration Reasons for exploration: Religion (God) Wealth (Gold) Fame and International recognition (Glory) Leads to discovery of North America and eventually

More information

american History Semester Exam review (KEY)

american History Semester Exam review (KEY) american History Semester Exam review (KEY) 1. Fill in the name of each era and characteristics. Then use the word bank to match the events. 1. Exploration & Colonization 2. American Revolution 3. Creating

More information

AGS United States Government Michigan Grade 8 Grade Level Content Expectations

AGS United States Government Michigan Grade 8 Grade Level Content Expectations Correlated to Michigan Grade 8 Grade Level Content Expectations 5910 Rice Creek Pkwy, Suite 1000 Shoreview, MN 55126 Copyright 2007 Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliate(s). All rights reserved. F1

More information

Super STAAR 130 Facts Just the Facts!

Super STAAR 130 Facts Just the Facts! Super STAAR 130 Facts Just the Facts! 1. Mercantilism is an economic system in which the mother country controls the trade of its colonies. 2. The following colonies were established for religious freedom:

More information

TAKS Diagnostic and Practice Tests

TAKS Diagnostic and Practice Tests Teacher s Edition Texas Assessment Consultant Sharon Sicinski Skeans Texas Consultant Sue Hudson Lubbock Independent School District Lubbock, Texas To the Teacher This booklet is designed to help students

More information

120 American History Facts

120 American History Facts 120 American History Facts Exploration and Colonization 1. Magna Carta - signed in 1215 by King John, it was the first document that began to limit the absolute power of the king over the citizens of England.

More information

Georgia Standards Covered. This module reinforces students understandings of grids on maps and globes to meet the 4 th Grade Skills requirement.

Georgia Standards Covered. This module reinforces students understandings of grids on maps and globes to meet the 4 th Grade Skills requirement. Grade 4 Module Where People Live This module reinforces students understandings of grids on maps and globes to meet the 4 th Grade Skills requirement. Matters This module may be used at the start of the

More information

8th Grade U.S. History STAAR Study Packet.

8th Grade U.S. History STAAR Study Packet. 8th Grade U.S. History STAAR Study Packet. NAME: HISTORY TEACHER: Complete the activities using your STAAR Review Sheet. Once you finish an assignment, check your answers by using the answer key provided

More information

First Semester 8 th Grade American History

First Semester 8 th Grade American History First Semester 8 th Grade American Marking Period 1 st 9 Weeks Marking Period 1 1 st 9 Weeks Marking Period 2 1 st 9 Weeks Marking Period 3 2 nd 9 Weeks Marking Period 1 2 nd 9 Weeks Marking Period 2 3

More information

AMERICAN REVOLUTION. U.S. History Chapter 4

AMERICAN REVOLUTION. U.S. History Chapter 4 AMERICAN REVOLUTION U.S. History Chapter 4 The primary cause of economic differences among the colonies in North America was geography. Longer growing season in the South led to an agriculture-based economy.

More information

What Are The Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS)? Eighth Grade. U.S. History to SAISD Social Studies Department

What Are The Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS)? Eighth Grade. U.S. History to SAISD Social Studies Department What Are The Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS)? Eighth Grade U.S. History to 1877 SAISD Social Studies Department 406 Barrera Street San Antonio, Texas 78210 SAISD Social Studies Department Page

More information

APUSH REVIEW PERIODS 1-5

APUSH REVIEW PERIODS 1-5 APUSH REVIEW PERIODS 1-5 TABLE OF CONTENTS Cover.........1 Copyright Information.... 3 Teacher Instructions.... 4 Student Handouts...5-8 Key..9-12 Font, Image, & Document Information.... 13 Social Studies

More information

United States History I

United States History I PEABODY VETERANS MEMORIAL HIGH SCHOOL SOCIAL STUDIES DEPARTMENT United States History I Mid Year Exam Review Packet 2013-14 Exam Overview The Mid Year Exam serves as a summative assessment to measure your

More information

4 th Grade Social Studies

4 th Grade Social Studies 4 th Grade Social Studies UNITED STATES HISTORY Year 2: Revolution to Reconstruction In fourth grade, students continue with year two of a three year study of United States history in which all four strands

More information

Fourth Grade United States History

Fourth Grade United States History Fourth Grade United States History Year 2: Revolution to Reconstruction In fourth grade, students continue with year two of a three year study of United States history in which all four strands (history,

More information

UNITED STATES HISTORY I COURSE SYLLABUS

UNITED STATES HISTORY I COURSE SYLLABUS UNITED STATES HISTORY I COURSE SYLLABUS Course Title: United States History I H2 and H3 Department: Social Studies Primary Course Materials: America: Pathways to the Present Course Description: In the

More information

Who s Who and Vocabulary in TEKS

Who s Who and Vocabulary in TEKS Who s Who and Vocabulary in TEKS 1. Magna Carta The cornerstone of English justice, signed in 1215 declaring the same law bound the king and government as other citizens of England. 2. 1607 Jamestown,

More information

Name Period Teacher. Wantagh Middle School 7 th Grade Social Studies Final Exam Review Guide

Name Period Teacher. Wantagh Middle School 7 th Grade Social Studies Final Exam Review Guide Name Period Teacher Wantagh Middle School 7 th Grade Social Studies Final Exam Review Guide 1. How did the earliest people migrate to North America? 2. How did Native Americans use the environment around

More information

Eighth Grade Social Studies United States History Course Outline

Eighth Grade Social Studies United States History Course Outline Crossings Christian School Academic Guide Middle School Division Grades 5-8 Eighth Grade Social Studies Chapter : Early Exploration of the Americas How do new ideas change the way people live? Why do people

More information

Ch 7 Test Review. The Revolutionary War

Ch 7 Test Review. The Revolutionary War Ch 7 Test Review The Revolutionary War Abigail Adams She was the wife of John Adams. She asked him to Remember the Ladies. She pressed him to give women equal status with men when forming the new government.

More information

Constitution (4 weeks) What factors influenced the development of the US government? SS4H1 Explain the causes, events, and results of the

Constitution (4 weeks) What factors influenced the development of the US government? SS4H1 Explain the causes, events, and results of the 4 th Grade Social Studies Teaching and Learning Framework 2017-2018* (Transition Plan) Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Unit 4 Unit 5 Unit 6 Unit 7 Unit 8 Unit 9 Unit 10 Unit 11 Launching Social Studies (2 weeks)

More information

Social Studies: 8 th Grade

Social Studies: 8 th Grade Social Studies: 8 th Grade Unit: Unit 1: American and Wisconsin Native Cultures Unit Sub-Topics: Origin of Native Americans Native American Cultures Time Line: 2-4 weeks Wisconsin State Standards: A.8.1,

More information

United States History

United States History United States History 1607-1865 Standards 1-3 Colonial Period Virginia Jamestown, Virginia was founded in 1607 First permanent English settlement in North America A corporate colony, founded by the Virginia

More information

Unit 4 Writing the Constitution Concepts to Review

Unit 4 Writing the Constitution Concepts to Review Unit 4 Writing the Constitution Concepts to Review CAUSE AND EFFECTS OF MAJOR ERAS AND EVENTS IN U.S. HISTORY THROUGH 1877 Writing the Constitution Shays Rebellion Philadelphia Convention 1787 Great Compromise

More information

1- England Became Great Britain in the early 1700s. 2- Economic relationships Great Britain imposed strict control over trade.

1- England Became Great Britain in the early 1700s. 2- Economic relationships Great Britain imposed strict control over trade. 1- England Became Great Britain in the early 1700s 2- Economic relationships Great Britain imposed strict control over trade. Great Britain taxed the colonies after the French and Indian War Colonies traded

More information

The Americans (Reconstruction to the 21st Century)

The Americans (Reconstruction to the 21st Century) The Americans (Reconstruction to the 21st Century) Chapter 4: TELESCOPING THE TIMES The Union in Peril CHAPTER OVERVIEW Slavery becomes an issue that divides the nation. North and South enter a long and

More information

Industrial Revolution

Industrial Revolution The student will explain the process of economic growth, its regional and national impact in the first half of the 19th century, and the different responses to it. a. Explain the impact of the Industrial

More information

Texas TEKS, Social Studies Grade 8

Texas TEKS, Social Studies Grade 8 (1) History - Traditional pts. of reference through 1877 (2) History - causes of exploration and colonization (3) History - foundations of representative gov't (4) History - pol. & eco. issues of Revolutionary

More information

U.S. History Chapter Millionaire Review

U.S. History Chapter Millionaire Review U.S. History Chapter 14-15 Millionaire Review #1 Which of the following best describes the cotton gin s contribution to industrialization? Created jobs for A: B: immigrants Lowered price of cotton in South

More information

U.S. HISTORY IMPORTANT FACTS SHEET

U.S. HISTORY IMPORTANT FACTS SHEET U.S. HISTORY IMPORTANT FACTS SHEET Early English Colonies to the American Revolution 1. was the 1st successful English colonial settlement ( 1607) a. helped keep the settlement going at first with his

More information

History 11-U.S. Colonial History Final Study Guide-Chronology. Hopi and Zuni tribes establish towns Columbus first voyage to New World 1492

History 11-U.S. Colonial History Final Study Guide-Chronology. Hopi and Zuni tribes establish towns Columbus first voyage to New World 1492 History 11-U.S. Colonial History Final Study Guide-Chronology Hopi and Zuni tribes establish towns 900-1200 Columbus first voyage to New World 1492 Jamestown founded 1607 First black slaves arrive in Virginia

More information

A Correlation of. To the. Louisiana 2011 Social Studies Grade Level Expectations Grade 7

A Correlation of. To the. Louisiana 2011 Social Studies Grade Level Expectations Grade 7 A Correlation of 2016 To the Louisiana 2011 Social Studies Grade Level Expectations Grade 7 Introduction This document demonstrates how Pearson, 2016 meets the Louisiana 2011 Social Studies Grade Level

More information

Writing Prompts US History

Writing Prompts US History Writing Prompts US History In order to be successful in the classroom, students must have choice, write everyday and be able to defend positions. These prompts allow students to do all three. Please consider

More information

UNITED STATES HISTORY

UNITED STATES HISTORY 8th Grade Social Studies Standards Crosswalk UNITED STATES HISTORY 1760 1877 The focus of the course in United States History for Grade 8 is the American Revolution through the Civil War and Reconstruction

More information

Test - STAAR SS E 0

Test - STAAR SS E 0 Test - STAAR 04 2013 08 SS E 0 1. Which of the following best replaces the question mark in the diagram above? A. Former Mexican territory B. Dependent on slavery C. Settled by Mormons D. Large coal deposits

More information

United States History and Geography: Growth and Conflict

United States History and Geography: Growth and Conflict 33 Grade Eight United States History and Geography: Growth and Conflict Students in grade eight study the ideas, issues, and events from the framing of the Constitution up to World War I, with an emphasis

More information

Foundations of the American Government

Foundations of the American Government Foundations of the American Government 1600s-1770s Each colony was loyal to Great Britain but was responsible for forming its own government, taxing and defending itself. The government and constitution

More information

Unit 6: A Divided Union

Unit 6: A Divided Union Unit 6: A Divided Union Lecture 6.1 The Abolition Movement The idea that slavery was morally wrong grew out of two different sets of beliefs or principles: political - The Constitution says that, All men

More information

Social Studies Curriculum Guide

Social Studies Curriculum Guide Social Studies Curriculum Guide GSE FOURTH GRADE *BOLD text indicates Prioritized Standard March 2017 GSE 1 Grade/Course: Grade Four United States History: Beginnings to 1877 Standards: H1a-d; G1b; G2a;

More information

APUSH Concept Outline Period 3: 1754 to 1800

APUSH Concept Outline Period 3: 1754 to 1800 APUSH Concept Outline Period 3: 1754 to 1800 Name Directions: The Concept Outline below presents the required concepts and topics that students need to understand for the APUSH test. The statements in

More information

Basic Concepts of Government The English colonists brought 3 ideas that loom large in the shaping of the government in the United States.

Basic Concepts of Government The English colonists brought 3 ideas that loom large in the shaping of the government in the United States. Civics Honors Chapter Two: Origins of American Government Section One: Our Political Beginnings Limited Government Representative government Magna Carta Petition of Right English Bill of Rights Charter

More information

CHAPTER 2: REVOLUTION AND THE EARLY REPUBLIC

CHAPTER 2: REVOLUTION AND THE EARLY REPUBLIC CHAPTER 2: REVOLUTION AND THE EARLY REPUBLIC COLONIAL RESISTANCE AND REBELLION SECTION 1 England s Parliament and Big Ben The Proclamation of 1763 sought to halt the westward expansion of the colonist,

More information

COMPREHENSION AND CRITICAL THINKING

COMPREHENSION AND CRITICAL THINKING Name Class Date Chapter Summary COMPREHENSION AND CRITICAL THINKING Use information from the graphic organizer to answer the following questions. 1. Recall What caused the sectional controversy that led

More information

The American Revolution & Confederation. The Birth of the United States

The American Revolution & Confederation. The Birth of the United States The American Revolution & Confederation The Birth of the United States 1774-1787 Essential Question Evaluate the extent to which the Revolution fundamentally changed American society. The First Continental

More information

New Republic Outline. American history I to 1865 Exam 2 Outlines. Articles of Confederation Ordinance of Northwest Ordinance

New Republic Outline. American history I to 1865 Exam 2 Outlines. Articles of Confederation Ordinance of Northwest Ordinance American history I to 1865 Exam 2 Outlines New Republic Outline Articles of Confederation 1781-87 Ordinance of 1784 Northwest Ordinance Indian Conflicts Little Turtle Confederation Problems Shay Rebellion

More information

Massachusetts History and Social Science Curriculum Framework U.S. History I & II

Massachusetts History and Social Science Curriculum Framework U.S. History I & II A Correlation of Grades 6-8, Realize Platform To the Massachusetts History and Social Science Curriculum Framework Introduction This document demonstrates how, meets the, History I, II. Citations are to

More information

American Revolution Study Guide

American Revolution Study Guide Events that Led to War French and Indian War Stamp Act Boston Massacre Sugar Act Townshend Acts Boston Tea Party Quartering Act Intolerable Acts boycott on British tea Important People Sons of Liberty

More information

The American Revolution

The American Revolution Main Idea The American Revolution Enlightenment ideas led to revolution, independence, and a new government for the United States. Content Statement 6/Learning Goal Describe how Enlightenment thinkers

More information

Lessons 1A and B - American History: The Colonial Period and Independence

Lessons 1A and B - American History: The Colonial Period and Independence Lessons 1A and B - American History: The Colonial Period and Independence 1. Lessons 1A and B. American History: The Colonial Period and Independence. Lesson 1 covers American history from the Colonial

More information

Chapter 4. The American Revolution

Chapter 4. The American Revolution Chapter 4 The American Revolution 1 Raising Taxes Sugar Act- The first tax passed specifically to raise money in the colonies, rather than regulate trade. To crack down on smugglers Help pay for French

More information

The United States Constitution. The Supreme Law of the Land

The United States Constitution. The Supreme Law of the Land The United States Constitution The Supreme Law of the Land Standards SSUSH5 The student will explain specific events and key ideas that brought about the adoption and implementation of the United States

More information

The Americans (Survey)

The Americans (Survey) The Americans (Survey) Chapter 7: TELESCOPING THE TIMES Balancing Nationalism and Sectionalism CHAPTER OVERVIEW American leaders devise a farsighted policy of improvements as North, South, and West develop

More information

1 St Semester Exam Review

1 St Semester Exam Review 1 St Semester Exam Review 2. In 1730, which section of the English colonies had the largest number of African Americans? A. the New England Colonies B. the Southern Colonies C. the Middle Colonies D. the

More information

Ch. 6 Test Review. The Spirit of Independence

Ch. 6 Test Review. The Spirit of Independence Ch. 6 Test Review The Spirit of Independence John Adams Wentworth Cheswell Samuel Adams Mercy Otis Warren Benjamin Franklin Crispus Attucks Biographical Glossary Rebellion & Revolution (Unit 3) He was

More information

The Civil War,

The Civil War, I. An Overview 1. The Civil War (1861-65) was a social and military conflict between the United States of America inthe North and the Confederate States of American in the South. 2. Two immediate triggers:

More information

Unit 5 Study Guide. 1. What did the Northwest Ordinance establish? Process for a territory to become a state

Unit 5 Study Guide. 1. What did the Northwest Ordinance establish? Process for a territory to become a state Unit 5 Study Guide 1. What did the Northwest Ordinance establish? Process for a territory to become a state 2. Why was the Whig Party primarily created? Oppose Andrew Jackson s policies 3. What was the

More information

COLONIAL AMERICA ( )

COLONIAL AMERICA ( ) COLONIAL AMERICA (1492-1763) European explorers come to North America JAMESTOWN - 1607 PLYMOUTH - 1620 Thirteen colonies New England colonies Spanish explorers claimed lands from Florida to California

More information

Why did competing political parties develop during the 1790s?

Why did competing political parties develop during the 1790s? Standard VUS.6a The student will demonstrate knowledge of the major events from the last decade of the eighteenth century a) explaining the principles and issues that prompted Thomas Jefferson to organize

More information

The Critical Period The early years of the American Republic

The Critical Period The early years of the American Republic The Critical Period 1781-1789 The early years of the American Republic America after the War New Political Ideas: - Greater power for the people Republic: Represent the Public America after the War State

More information

Social Studies Content Expectations

Social Studies Content Expectations The fifth grade social studies content expectations mark a departure from the social studies approach taken in previous grades. Building upon the geography, civics and government, and economics concepts

More information

Events Leading to the Civil War

Events Leading to the Civil War Events Leading to the Civil War (1820-1861) Chapter 16 This is how it all began... Missouri Compromise (1820) Missouri Compromise (1820) devised by Henry Clay, kept the balance of free states (12) and

More information

Chapter 15: Secession and the Civil War

Chapter 15: Secession and the Civil War Chapter 15: Secession and the Civil War AP United States History Week of February 3, 2016 The Storm Gathers Secession of Deep South While the election of Abraham Lincoln (pictured) prompted secession of

More information

United States History I CP

United States History I CP United States History I CP Social Studies Department North Brunswick Township High School Written by Elisa DePasquale, Social Studies Teacher Approved by Aaron Speller, Supervisor of Social Studies August

More information

A Divided Nation. Chapter 15 Page 472

A Divided Nation. Chapter 15 Page 472 A Divided Nation Chapter 15 Page 472 The Debate Over Slavery Chapter 15 Section 1 Page 476 New Land Renews Slavery Disputes The Missouri Compromise of 1820 had divided the Louisiana Purchase into either

More information

Human Timeline. Relative Chronology: Revolutionary War, Age of Jackson and Reconstruction.

Human Timeline. Relative Chronology: Revolutionary War, Age of Jackson and Reconstruction. Human Timeline Kinesthetic activities like the human timeline and human slideshow help students retain information in their long term memory because the students remember the experience along with the

More information

DeSoto ISD Calendar-Social Studies Grade 8 August 2015

DeSoto ISD Calendar-Social Studies Grade 8 August 2015 James Oglethorpe-Georgia, Pilgrims, Puritans, Roanoak, Jamestown, Middle passage *Focus on Colonial grievances addressed in the Declaration of Independence Constitution and Bill of Rights VIDEO CLIPS:

More information

Fifth Grade Social Studies Skills. VOCABULARY generalize geography group infer interpret latitude longitude option

Fifth Grade Social Studies Skills. VOCABULARY generalize geography group infer interpret latitude longitude option ASSURANCES: By the end of Fifth Grade the Student will: 1. Identify regions of the United States that result from physical features and human activity. 2. Identify how people adapt to and modify their

More information

Sudan I.S.D. Benchmark Targets / Fifth Grade SUMMER 2005 Social Studies ASSURANCES: By the end of Fifth Grade the Student will: 1.

Sudan I.S.D. Benchmark Targets / Fifth Grade SUMMER 2005 Social Studies ASSURANCES: By the end of Fifth Grade the Student will: 1. ASSURANCES: By the end of Fifth Grade the Student will: 1. Identify regions of the United States that result from physical features and human activity. 2. Identify how people adapt to and modify their

More information

08.01 A Nation Divided

08.01 A Nation Divided 08.01 A Nation Divided The causes of the Civil War Each region was distinctive with its own political, economic, and social interests. Issues that divided the Union North South Slavery Abolitionists (saw

More information

PPT Accompaniment for To Secede or Not to Secede: Events Leading to Civil War

PPT Accompaniment for To Secede or Not to Secede: Events Leading to Civil War PPT Accompaniment for To Secede or Not to Secede: Events Leading to Civil War To view this PDF as a projectable presentation, save the file, click View in the top menu bar of the file, and select Full

More information

Name Class Date. MATCHING In the space provided, write the letter of the term or person that matches each description. Some answers will not be used.

Name Class Date. MATCHING In the space provided, write the letter of the term or person that matches each description. Some answers will not be used. Origins of American Government Section 1 MATCHING In the space provided, write the letter of the term or person that matches each description. Some answers will not be used. 1. Idea that people should

More information

1. Recall what you know about the American Revolution. Describe why the colonists went to war against the British.

1. Recall what you know about the American Revolution. Describe why the colonists went to war against the British. 1.2 The American Revolution 1. Recall what you know about the American Revolution. Describe why the colonists went to war against the British. Witness History: A Voice for Freedom 2. Why do you think Patrick

More information

Forming a New Government

Forming a New Government Forming a New Government Why Independent in the First Place? Citizens wanted to limit the power of government Lack of representation No taxation without representation Protect personal freedoms Desired

More information

Name: USH Period: Study Guide Unit 3

Name: USH Period: Study Guide Unit 3 Name: USH Period: Study Guide Unit 3 Directions: All information can be found in your notes, presentations Power Points), handouts, etc. for USH Unit 2: Road to the Revolution. When writing your answer,

More information

Parliament. Magna Carta ( ) A. Signed it. English Bill of Rights. Common Law. Vocabulary Magna Carta Rule of Law Due Process

Parliament. Magna Carta ( ) A. Signed it. English Bill of Rights. Common Law. Vocabulary Magna Carta Rule of Law Due Process Objective 1.1-1.1 - Identify the English documents that influence American colonial government Vocabulary 1.1 - Magna Carta Rule of Law Due Process Parliament English Bill of Rights Common Law precedent

More information

Once a year, each state would select a delegation to send to the capital city.

Once a year, each state would select a delegation to send to the capital city. In November 1777, the Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union. This was a plan for a loose union of the states under Congress. Once a year, each state would select

More information

7 th Grade Review. Examples: diary entry of someone at the event; newspaper, photograph

7 th Grade Review. Examples: diary entry of someone at the event; newspaper, photograph Geography/ Culture/ Native Americans: 7 th Grade Review 1. Primary source: first hand source/account Examples: diary entry of someone at the event; newspaper, photograph 2. Define geography: the study

More information

Origins of American Government. Chapter 2

Origins of American Government. Chapter 2 Origins of American Government Chapter 2 Section 1 Essential Questions 1) What two principles of government came from the English heritage of the colonists? 2) What documents from England influenced the

More information

THE RECONSTRUCTION ERA

THE RECONSTRUCTION ERA THE RECONSTRUCTION ERA 1865-1877 ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS I. What problems faced the nation during Reconstruction? II. How well did Reconstruction governments in the South succeed? III. What factors promoted

More information

Grade 7 History Mr. Norton

Grade 7 History Mr. Norton Grade 7 History Mr. Norton Section 1: A Loose Confederation Section 2: The Constitutional Convention Section 3: Ideas Behind the Constitution Section 4: Ratification and the Bill of Rights Grade 7 History

More information

Period 3: 1754 to 1800 (French and Indian War Election of Jefferson)

Period 3: 1754 to 1800 (French and Indian War Election of Jefferson) Period 3: 1754 to 1800 (French and Indian War Election of Jefferson) Key Concept 3.1: British attempts to assert tighter control over its North American colonies and the colonial resolve to pursue self-government

More information

The Civil War and Reconstruction ( ) Standards for Grades Big Idea Essential Question 4/7/13. Instructional Plan Support

The Civil War and Reconstruction ( ) Standards for Grades Big Idea Essential Question 4/7/13. Instructional Plan Support The Civil War and Reconstruction (1850-1877) Instructional Plan Support Standards for Grades 5-12 (1) Students will understand how the North and South differed and how their economic systems, politics,

More information

Causes of the American Revolution

Causes of the American Revolution Causes of the American Revolution The Taxation Acts The King of England started taxing the colonists in the form of Taxation Acts in 1764. He felt that the colonists should bear the burden of the expense

More information

AP United States Unit Four Study Guide Mr. Hansen Sectionalism and the Roads to Disunion and Reconstruction

AP United States Unit Four Study Guide Mr. Hansen Sectionalism and the Roads to Disunion and Reconstruction AP United States Unit Four Study Guide Mr. Hansen Sectionalism and the Roads to Disunion and Reconstruction Text chapters: Chapter 13: The Impending Crisis Chapter 14: The Civil War Chapter 15: Reconstruction

More information

Civil War and Reconstruction in Georgia. SS8H6: The student will analyze the impact of the Civil War & Reconstruction on Georgia.

Civil War and Reconstruction in Georgia. SS8H6: The student will analyze the impact of the Civil War & Reconstruction on Georgia. Civil War and Reconstruction in Georgia SS8H6: The student will analyze the impact of the Civil War & Reconstruction on Georgia. Setting the Stage for War Many events led to the Civil War in the U.S. Events

More information

The United States Expands West. 1820s 1860s

The United States Expands West. 1820s 1860s The United States Expands West 1820s 1860s Georgia Standards SSUSH8 The student will explain the relationship between growing northsouth divisions and westward expansion. a. Explain how slavery became

More information

U.S. History, Constitution, and Government

U.S. History, Constitution, and Government 2005 Sandy Garrett State Superintendent of Public Instruction Oklahoma State Department of Education Oklahoma City, Oklahoma Oklahoma Core Curriculum Tests Multiple-Choice Release Item Book U.S. History,

More information

and France in North America between 1754 and The French and Indian War was the American phase

and France in North America between 1754 and The French and Indian War was the American phase 1 Vocabulary Unit 2: New Beginnings United States: French & Indian War: French and Indian War definition. A series of military engagements between Britain and France in North America between 1754 and 1763.

More information

Elementary Social Studies Vocabulary List

Elementary Social Studies Vocabulary List Elementary Social Studies Vocabulary List Social Studies/ Cultural Studies Unit, Gheens Academy for Curricular Excellence and Instructional Leadership 3/1/2012 Vocabulary for Native Americans and Explorers

More information

CHAPTER 9 The Confederation and the Constitution,

CHAPTER 9 The Confederation and the Constitution, CHAPTER 9 The Confederation and the Constitution, 1776 1790 A. Checklist of Learning Objectives After mastering this chapter, you should be able to: 1. Explain the broad movement toward social and political

More information

Oklahoma C 3 Standards for the Social Studies THE FOUNDATION, FORMATION, AND TRANSFORMATION OF THE AMERICAN SYSTEM OKLAHOMA STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION

Oklahoma C 3 Standards for the Social Studies THE FOUNDATION, FORMATION, AND TRANSFORMATION OF THE AMERICAN SYSTEM OKLAHOMA STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION Oklahoma C 3 Standards for the Social Studies THE FOUNDATION, FORMATION, AND TRANSFORMATION OF THE AMERICAN SYSTEM P R E - K I N D E R G A R T E N T H R O U G H H I G H S C H O O L OKLAHOMA STATE BOARD

More information

Road to Civil War ( ) North - South Debates HW

Road to Civil War ( ) North - South Debates HW Road to Civil War (1850 1861) North - South Debates HW Crash Course US History Episode #18 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ronmeoojcdy&list=pl8dpuualjxtmwmepbjtsg593eg7obzo7s&index=18 Review of some examples

More information