Name Period Teacher. Wantagh Middle School 7 th Grade Social Studies Final Exam Review Guide

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1 Name Period Teacher Wantagh Middle School 7 th Grade Social Studies Final Exam Review Guide 1. How did the earliest people migrate to North America? 2. How did Native Americans use the environment around them to survive? b) Which area of the country relied heavily on the Buffalo for survival? 3. What is a primary document? (Give examples) 4. How do archeologists contribute to our knowledge of the past? 5. What factors are evidence of an advanced civilization? 6. What was a major positive result of Columbus voyages to the New World? 7. What was a major negative result of Columbus voyages to the New World? 8. What three European countries settled in the New World? Where did each settle? 9. Why did many Europeans migrate to America in the 1600s? 10. Why were many colonial settlements located near the water? Who first settled the Hudson River Valley area in New York? 1

2 11. What was the purpose of the Mayflower Compact? 12. The economies of New England and the South were totally different. Give 2 factors that contributed to this difference. 13. At first, the South s economy was based on and the 3 major cash crops were, and. The economy in the early New England colonies was based on. 14. Explain the government created by the Jamestown settlers. 15. Who had the right to vote in Colonial government? 16. How did the 13 English colonial governments significantly differ? 17. What was the significance of the John Peter Zenger trial? 18. Explain the principle of mercantilism. 19. What was the purpose of the Navigation Acts? 20. Why was the Albany Plan of Union created and how does it compare with the League of Iroquois? 21. What was the major cause of the French and Indian War? 2

3 22. What were the two major results of the French and Indian War that upset the colonists? 23. Why did the colonists object to the various taxes that were placed on them? 24. What was the most effective form of protest used by the colonists to challenge the taxes? b) Why was this method so successful? 25. What was Common Sense and who was the author? 26. Why did the colonists decide to rebel and declare their independence from England? 27. Who was the main author of the Declaration of Independence? 28. What was the major purpose of the Declaration of Independence? 29. Where did the American Revolution begin and how? 30. What was the turning point of the Revolutionary War? Why? 31. What were the results of the Revolutionary War? 32. What was the first government after the Revolution? Why did it only last a few years? 3

4 33. What was the primary aim or purpose of the writers of the US Constitution? 34. The new government was a federal system. Explain federalism. 35. What issues did the Great Compromise settle? b) Explain the 3/5 Compromise. 36. Where are the goals of the Constitution stated? 37. List the 3 branches of government and the jobs of each. 38. What is separation of powers? 39. What is the purpose of checks and balances? 40. Compare the branches of the federal government to the New York State government. 4

5 41. What is the Electoral College? Why was it created? What does it encourage candidates to do when running for office? 42. What was the Bill of Rights and what was its purpose? b) Which amendment strongly concentrates on individual liberties? 43. How did the Bill of Rights affect the ratification of the Constitution by some states? 44. Explain the following Constitutional terms: Unwritten Constitution- Judicial Review- Elastic Clause- Amendment- Ratify- Census- 45. Name two precedents established by George Washington? 46. What were 3 parts of Alexander Hamilton s plan to repay the war debt? 47. Discuss the outcome of the Marbury v. Madison case. 5

6 48. What major port did Jefferson try to buy from Napoleon? Why was it so important? 49. What was the major result of the Louisiana Purchase? 50. What was the purpose of the Lewis and Clark Expedition? 51. What was the purpose of the Embargo Act? 52. What were the causes of the War of 1812? 53. What were the results of the War of 1812? 54. How did the Monroe Doctrine change the foreign policy of the US? 55. How did Andrew Jackson abuse his Presidential power? 56. What was Andrew Jackson s Spoils System? 57. What happened during the Trail of Tears? 58. What was the Industrial Revolution? 59. How were early factories powered and who created the first factory? 60. What are the benefits of standardized parts and who invented this? 6

7 61. How did the cotton gin affect the South? How did it affect the North? 62. Where was the Erie Canal located and how did it impact trade & the growth of the U.S.? 63. Define Manifest Destiny. 64. How did James K. Polk s campaign slogan of Fifty-four forty or fight! reflect the feelings of many Americans? Locate the following territories: (Numbers only) Locate the following geographical features: (Letters only) Original Colonies 66. Louisiana Purchase 72. Appalachian Mountains 67. Lone Star Republic (Remember the Alamo!) 73. Mississippi River 68. Spanish Cession 74. Great Plains 69. Mexican Cession 75. Rocky Mountains 70. Gadsden Purchase 71. Oregon Territory 7

8 76. What were the results of the California Gold Rush? 77. How did the Alamo lead to Texan independence? 78. How did the Annexation of Texas lead to the Mexican War? b) What were the results of this war? 79. Why the Seneca Falls Convention held and what was was the result? 80. Who was Harriet Tubman and what was the Underground Railroad? 81. What is sectionalism? 82. Sectional rivalries leading up to the Civil War centered on what 3 issues? 83. Describe the following and explain how each led to the Civil War: Missouri Compromise- Dred Scott- Compromise of Fugitive Slave Act- 8

9 Uncle Tom s Cabin- John Brown s Raid on Harpers Ferry- Abraham Lincoln s republican platform on slavery- 84. Which event caused the immediate secession of several southern states from the Union? 85. What was the North s main goal at the start of the Civil War? How did it change? 86. What was the South s main goal at the start of the Civil War? 87. What were the advantages each side had in the war? 88. What was the importance of the following battles: Fort Sumter- Gettysburg- 89. Explain the Emancipation Proclamation. 90. What were the results of the Civil War? 9

10 91. Define the following vocabulary terms: Culture- Civilization-- Hierarchy- Economic- Revenue- Levy - Boycott - Repeal- Patriot- Loyalist- Legislature- Unification- 10

11 Alliance- Turning point- Manufacture/Industry- Agriculture- Abolitionist- Suffrage- Amend- Federal/National/Central- Precedent- Annex/Annexation- Cede/cession- Secede/secession - 11

12 Preserve- Emancipate- Object- NOTES: 12

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