Standards Content Skills/Competency Suggested Assessment Civics D: Summarize the basic

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1 8 th Grade: Course Title: US History II ( ) Duration: September - November 8/29/13 MAP Big Ideas/Enduring Understandings People have natural rights and governments are created to protect those rights. When government is destructive of the natural rights of men, the people have the right and duty to overthrow that government. Failure to find a compromise leads to conflict. Essential Questions How have the concepts of natural rights evolved differently for various social groups in America? What government actions convinced the colonists to conclude their rights were in peril? Common Core Standards CC A. Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources. CC B. Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of the source distinct from prior knowledge or opinions. CC D. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary specific to domains related to history/social studies. CC E. Describe how a text presents information (e.g., sequentially, Standards Content Skills/Competency Suggested Assessment Civics D: Summarize the basic Use Graphic principles and ideals within Organizers for documents and the roles informational played by the framers as reading notes found in significant documents: (i.e. Venn Declaration of Diagram). Independence Develop and United States implement Constitution organization for Bill of Rights Pennsylvania materials Constitution F: Analyze how political symbols are used by the media and leaders to influence public opinion B: Describe how citizens resolve conflicts in society and government. 1. Develop an understanding of the concepts of CITIZENSHIP, EQUALITY, LIBERTY and CONFLICT. A. Citizenship: Each citizen is a full and equal member of a self-governing community endowed with fundamental rights and entrusted with responsibilities. B. Equality: Equality means all citizens are the same before the law. There are no classes of citizenship; no superior, dominant ruling class. Develop cooperative learning skills Identify and locate North American land claims. Identify cause and effect Quiz/Quest/Test May include: Multiple choice Definitions Openended questions Essay DBQ Matching True/False Illustrations Maps Chart reading Homework Descriptive Writing Timeline of Events Project 1

2 comparatively, causally). CC AF. Identify aspects of a text that reveal an author s point of view or purpose (e.g., loaded language, inclusion or avoidance of particular facts). CC C. Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience C: Describe the role of political leadership and public service D: Describe the citizen s role in the political process H: Describe the influence of mass media on government A: Describe how national interests lead to agreements and conflicts between and among countries B: Describe the foreign policy tools of diplomacy, economic aid, military aid, sanctions, and treaties. Economics B: Compare decisions made because of limited resources and unlimited wants. Analyze the resources that are combined to create goods and services C: Compare choices to determine the best action A: Describe the interaction of consumers and producers of goods and services in the state and national economy C: Compare and contrast the effects of different taxation policies. C. Liberty: The personal, political and economic freedom of citizens to choose behaviors which they believe will best benefit their personal good. These choices often conflict when people attempt to exercise their liberty in society. D. Conflict: A dispute between people that may be settled peacefully or violently. Conflict in American Democracy has generally allowed for protest, and promotes the peaceful resolution of differences. 2. Review social, political, and economic realities of colonial America. 3. Define the following key terms: salutary neglect, mercantilism, democracy, and republic. relationships Identify and analyze pieces of propaganda Analyze primary sources Interpret charts, graphs and maps. Develop reading and vocabulary skills using reading strategies. Develop test taking skills Informal observation during classwork TRANSFER TASK: Compulsory Voting In the US?- First Quarter 2

3 Geography B: Explain and locate places and regions as defined by physical and human features A: Explain the characteristics of places and regions A: Explain the human characteristics of places and regions using the following criteria: Population Culture Settlement Economic activities Political activities A: Illustrate the effects of the physical systems on people within regions. History B: Compare and contrast a historical event, using multiple points of view from primary and secondary sources A: Examine the role groups and individuals played in the social, political, cultural, and economic development of the United States. 4. Identify and explain how the French and Indian War led to the creation of an American identity and growing tension between England and the Colonies. 5. Define the following key terms: embargo, tariffs, boycott, writs of assistance, patriots, Sons of Liberty, Daughters of Liberty, tories, loyalists, militia, minutemen, revolution, Committees of Correspondence, and grievance. 6. Describe the political and economic conflicts and responses between British and American points of view that caused the American Revolution. 7. Explain how equality and liberty are shaped by the Declaration of Independence. 8. Describe the impact of key military actions during the Revolutionary War. 3

4 8.3.8.B: Evaluate the importance of historical documents, artifacts and places critical to United States history C: Summarize how continuity and change have impacted U.S. history. Belief systems and religions Commerce and industry Technology Politics and government Physical and human geography Social organizations D: Examine how conflict and cooperation among groups and organizations have impacted the growth and development of the U.S. Ethnicity and race Working conditions Immigration Military conflict Economic stability 9. Analyze the major factors that led to the outcome of the American Revolution (Post Declaration). 10. Analyze how the various groups found in postrevolutionary America (slaves, women, Indians and the rich and poor) were affected by the then contemporary concepts of equality, liberty and citizenship, and conflict. 4

5 8 th Grade: Course Title: US History II ( ) Duration: _November - February_ Big Ideas/Enduring Understandings The seat of power in a government must be balanced to insure that government is effective at managing the affairs of the country without being abusive. In a democratic society, all citizens have rights and responsibilities. Essential Questions Do all citizens share equal rights and responsibilities? How is the power in government balanced? What is the relationship between civil rights and civic responsibilities? Common Core Standards Standards Content Skills/Competency Suggested Assessment CC A. Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources. CC B. Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of the source distinct from prior knowledge or opinions. CC D. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary specific to domains related to history/social studies. CC E. Describe how a text presents information (e.g., sequentially, comparatively, causally). Civics A: Identify the sources of the rule of law B: Outline how different systems of government function C: Analyze the principles and ideas that shaped local, Pennsylvania, and national governments. Liberty / Freedom Democracy Justice Equality D: Summarize the basic principles and ideals within documents and the roles played by the framers as found in significant documents: 11. Describe how the American s view on government shaped the development of the Articles of Confederation. 12. Describe the problems that post-revolutionary America had in managing conflicts under the Articles of Confederation. 13. Define the following key terms: confederation, constitution, compromise. 14. The Constitutional Convention was called to deal with the conflicts that existed under the Articles. 15. Conflicts arose during the convention which required compromise. Analyze and evaluate charts, graphs and maps. Develop reading and vocabulary skills using reading strategies. Develop test taking skills Analyze the Articles of Confederation and identify the weaknesses Compare and Contrast Quiz/Quest/Test May include: Multiple choice Definitions Open-ended questions Essay DBQ Matching True/False Illustrations Maps Chart reading Homework Descriptive Writing Timeline of Events Project Informal observation during classwork 5

6 CC C. Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. Declaration of Independence United States Constitution Bill of Rights Pennsylvania Constitution F: Analyze how political symbols are used by the media and leaders to influence public opinion A: Summarize the role of citizens in terms of right and responsibilities in different government systems B: Describe how citizens resolve conflicts in society and government C: Describe the role of political leadership and public service D: Describe the citizen s role in the political process C: Describe how local, state, and national governments provide services F: Explain the various judicial levels of the government 16. Discuss the process of compromise which led to the shaping and adoption of the Constitution. 17. Define and apply key terms: Federalists, Antifederalists, amendment, federalism, republicanism, judicial branch, executive branch, legislative branch, popular vote, electoral vote, suffrage, states' rights, judicial review, Cabinet, and inaugurate. 18. Explain how each one of the following Constitutional systems helps to manage conflict in American society: A. Separation of Powers (three branches) B. Checks and Balances C. Limited Government (distribution and limitations of central government powers) D. Federalism E. Republicanism F. Popular Sovereignty G. Judicial Review H. Amendment Process Conflict resolution through problem solving Interpret and analyze primary sources Analyze primary sources for historical information and point of view. Midterm Exam 6

7 Economics B: Predict how changes to government involvement at the state and national levels may affect the economy. History B: Compare and contrast a historical event, using multiple points of view from primary and secondary sources B: Evaluate the importance of historical documents, artifacts and places critical to United States history. 19. How a Bill Becomes a Law 20. Explain how the Bill of Rights mediates the conflicts over equality and liberty in American society. 7

8 8 th Grade: Course Title: US History II ( ) Duration: _February - June_ Big Ideas/Enduring Understandings All nations must adapt to both domestic and foreign challenges if those countries are to endure. Citizens participate in the US government through political parties that have their own platforms to solve problems. American nationalism led to Manifest Destiny and expansion across the continent. When government is destructive of the natural rights of men, the people have the right and duty to overthrow that government. Failure to find a compromise leads to conflict. Essential Questions How did territorial acquisition lead to growing nationalism and the concept of Manifest Destiny? How have the concepts of natural rights evolved differently for various social groups in America? What events led to the polarization of regional interests and the growth of sectionalism? How did the balance of federal and state rights change? What government actions convinced Southerners to conclude states rights were in peril? Common Core Standards Standards Content Skills/Competency Suggested Assessment CC A. Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources. CC B. Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of the source distinct from prior knowledge or opinions. Civics B: Describe how citizens resolve conflicts in society and government A: Describe how national interests lead to agreements and conflicts between and among countries B: Describe the foreign policy tools of diplomacy, economic aid, military aid, sanctions, and treaties. Economics A: Explain how limited resources and unlimited wants cause scarcity. 21. Define the following key terms: political party, policy, foreign policy, domestic policy. 22. Identify and explain problems with interpreting the Constitution and dealing with foreign and domestic policy in the early republic. 23. Define the following key terms: annexation, cession, territory, immigration, location, place, interaction, Analyze and evaluate charts, graphs and maps. Develop reading and vocabulary skills using reading strategies. Develop test taking skills On a map identify key physical PSSA Quiz/Quest/Test May include: Multiple choice Definitions Open-ended questions Essay DBQ Matching True/False Illustrations Maps Chart 8

9 CC D. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary specific to domains related to history/social studies. CC C. Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience B: Compare decisions made because of limited resources and unlimited wants C: Compare choices to determine the best action D: Explain the effects that changes in price have on buyers and sellers E: Compare the state of the current economy with the economy in a different time or place B: Predict how changes to government involvement at the state and national levels may affect the economy D: Explain how government actions may affect international trade. Geography B: Explain and locate places and regions as defined by physical and human features A: Explain the characteristics of places and regions A: Explain the human characteristics of places and regions using the following criteria: Population Culture Settlement Economic activities Political activities migration/movement, region, and Manifest Destiny. 24. Locate and label the major geographic features of the United States. 25. Locate and label the geographic areas that were acquired by the United States between 1783 (Treaty of Paris) and 1860 (complete continental United States). A. Trans-Appalachian (1783) B. Louisiana Purchase (1803) C. Florida Cession (1819) D. Texas Annexation (1845) E. Oregon Country Cession (1846) F. Mexican Cession (1848) G. Gadsden Purchase (1853) 26. Describe the historic events connected with each of these territorial acquisitions features and the territorial acquisitions of the United States during westward expansion. reading Homework Descriptive Writing Timeline of Events Project Informal observation during classwork TRANSFER TASK: Constitution Transfer Task-Third Quarter Final Exam 9

10 7.4.8.B: Interpret the effects of people on the physical systems within regions. History A: Compare and contrast events over time and how continuity and change over time influenced those events B: Compare and contrast a historical event, using multiple points of view from primary and secondary sources A: Examine the role groups and individuals played in the social, political, cultural, and economic development of the United States B: Evaluate the importance of historical documents, artifacts and places critical to United States history C: Summarize how continuity and change have impacted U.S. history. Belief systems and religions Commerce and industry Technology Politics and government Physical and human geography Social organizations 27. Explain the impact of the acquisition of each of the areas. 28. Analyze how westward expansion had an impact on regional/sectional conflicts like free western land, immigration, Indian policy, slavery, internal improvements. 29. Define the following terms: slavery, agrarian, urban, industrial, plantation, cotton gin, protective tariff, creditor, debtor, industrial revolution, raw materials, internal improvements, nullification, Nativist, abolitionist, temperance, suffrage, factory system, unions, antebellum, cash crop, anti/pro, nationalism, underground railroad, free labor, passive resistance and 'peculiar institution'. 30. Explain how the major technological developments transformed the economy in the North and South. 10

11 8.3.8.D: Examine how conflict and cooperation among groups and organizations have impacted the growth and development of the U.S. Ethnicity and race Working conditions Immigration Military conflict Economic stability 31. Explain the impact of Industrialization on international and domestic markets. 32. Identify the various ways in which African Americans resisted the conditions of their enslavement and analyze the consequences of violent uprisings. 33. Analyze the activities of the reform movements. 34. Define the following terms: nationalism, sectionalism, secession, emancipation, Union, Confederacy, popular sovereignty, Civil War, Republicans, antebellum 35. Evaluate the causes of the Civil War. 36. Identify the secession of the Southern states and explain the process and reasons for secession as well as the Northern states reaction. 11

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