2 GEORGE WASHINGTON George Washington was the first president of the United States. He served two terms from He is called the Father of Our Country.
3 REVOLUTIONARY WAR The United States fought England in the Revolutionary War. The Revolutionary war was from
4 COMMANDER George Washington was the Commander of the military forces during the American Revolution.
5 MONUMENT This is a monument of Washington on a horse.
6 MARTHA WASHINGTON This old postage stamp has a picture of Martha Washington on it. She and George got married in 1759.
7 MOUNT VERNON George and Martha s home is called Mount Vernon. It is located in Virginia near the Potomac River. George Washington and his wife Martha are buried here.
8 George Washington s Presidency April 30, 1789 Washington (Virginia) is inaugurated (sworn in) as President. John Adams (Mass.) becomes the Vice- President.
9 George Washington s Presidency Washington establishes many governmental precedents. PRECEDENT: an example that would become a standard practice.
10 The Federalist Era: George Washington s Presidency
11 The Rise of Political Parties Political Parties groups of people with similar political views During the ratification fight, 2 different groups emerged, Federalists and Anti- Federalists Washington chose members of both parties to serve with him Was a strong figure that unified both parties Neither side wanted to be against Washington
12 The Rise of Political Parties Federalists favored the Constitution, and a strong central government Alexander Hamilton Anti-Federalists (also known as Democratic- Republicans, or Republicans) originally opposed the Constitution, favored strong state government Thomas Jefferson
13 1 st President Elected in 1789 Only president ever to be elected unanimously Runner up was John Adams, became VP
14 Executive Departments Congress created three executive departments and Washington got to choose the heads of those depts. Washington began meeting regularly with the heads of the departments For advice and assistance First Cabinet
15 Foreign Issues French Revolution breaks out in 1789 Britain resumes fighting France Spain still has New Orleans blocked
16 Washington s Foreign Policy France The French Revolution started in 1789 Storming of the Bastille French uprising against monarchy of Louis XVI caused considerable violence and bloodshed The noble ideas of liberty, freedom, and the rights of man which started the revolution would turn to fear and tyranny Reign of Terror Mass executions of enemies of the Revolution (18-40,000) This revolution would renew French hostilities with Britain Jefferson and the Anti-Federalists sided with the French and their push towards individual rights "The tree of liberty must be refreshed from time to time with the blood of patriots and tyrants. It is natural manure." - Thomas Jefferson Mob violence scared Hamilton, Federalists Preferred the stability and order of Britain Neutrality Proclamation Did not want to take sides in regards to French Revolution Washington pursued a friendly and impartial conduct between the two nations
17 Washington s Foreign Policy Britain British still had not evacuated western forts Were using them to supply Indians on raids against American settlers Britain wanted to eliminate American Trade with the French British capturing neutral American merchant ships in the French West Indies Jay s Treaty Chief Justice John Jay was sent to Britain to negotiate treaty with British Both sides received some of their demands British agreed to pay for seized ships, abandon frontier forts, and allow some Caribbean trade American agreed to pay pre-revolutionary war debts to British merchants British continued impressment of American sailors Not incredibly helpful, but did prevent war with Britain Jefferson would disagree with treaty, feeling that it aligned US to closely with Britain Became a divisive party issue
18 Washington s Foreign Policy Spain Spanish had closed port of New Orleans to Americans due to border disputes in 1784 Pinckney s Treaty US Ambassador Thomas Pinckney was sent to Spain to negotiate a treaty Treaty was huge success Re-opened New Orleans to American trade Moved Florida border from mid Georgia to 31 st parallel (close to current border)
19 Washington s Domestic Policy Northwest Territory Americans continued to settle in the Ohio Country north of the Ohio River British had ceded land to US after Rev. war Indians rallied around Little Turtle and went to war against settlers Indians felt land was theirs despite treaties Were supplied by British Washington sent General Mad Anthony Wayne to end the dispute
20 I. Establishment of the Court System Federal Judiciary Act of 1789: passed by Congress. 1. Created an independent federal court system with the Supreme Court and lower level courts.
21 Judicial Branch Judiciary Act of 1789 created federal court system with 3 levels Established District and Appellate Courts Set the number of Supreme Court Justices at 6 Also created executive department of Justice and Attorney General Edmund Randolph joined cabinet Edmund Randolph 1 st Attorney General
22 2. The U.S. Supreme Court is to have a Chief Justice and five associate justices. Currently we have 9 total justices. 3. Washington appoints John Jay as Chief Justice.
23 II. Establishment of the Presidential Cabinet A. The Constitution allows Congress to create departments to help the President the Cabinet. B. The first Presidential Cabinet had four departments:
24 Presidential Cabinet The First Presidential Cabinet Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson Secretary of War Henry Knox Secretary of Treasury Alexander Hamilton
25 Washington s Cabinet
26 The First Presidential Cabinet 1. Secretary of War (Henry Knox) oversee the nation s defenses.
27 The First Presidential Cabinet 2. Secretary of State (Thomas Jefferson) oversee the relations between the U.S. and other countries.
28 The First Presidential Cabinet 3. Attorney General (Edmond Randolph) to advise the government on legal matters.
29 The First Presidential Cabinet 4. Secretary of the Treasury (Alexander Hamilton) to manage the government s money.
30 III. Hamilton s Financial Plan NOTE: Alexander Hamilton believed that the federal government should be stronger than the state governments.
31 Alexander Hamilton Only Immigrant Founding Father British West Indies Father left and mother died Worked in the shipping business as a clerk Operated the business as a teen when owner was away Sent to New York for education Joined Continental Army Aide to Washington Became lawyer Financial Genius Completely shaped US Financial System
32 Alexander Hamilton and US Financial Policy 1. Pay off foreign war debt immediately and in full $11.7 Million (owed mostly to France) Only way to create confidence in new nation
33 Alexander Hamilton and US Financial Policy 2. Buy back depreciated Revolutionary war bonds at face value US owed $40 million to citizens in war bonds Only way to establish trust in new nation Government must do what it said it would Jefferson opposed plan Rewarded speculators at the expense of the poor
34 Alexander Hamilton and US Financial Policy 3. Assume State s war debt $25 million dollar debt Would establish a federal line of credit Tie all states to Federal Government Establish support for Federal Government Help national economy by freeing up states money
35 Alexander Hamilton and US Financial Policy 4. Create Bank of the United States Bank for Government money and loans 20 year charter Believed that the necessary and proper clause gave Congress power to charter Bank Helped US consolidate its debt and pay its creditors Offered stability to the US economy
36 III. Hamilton s Financial Plan A. Pay off the war debt to develop the trust of other nations for trade. B. Raise the federal government s revenues through tariffs and taxes. TARIFFS a tax on imported goods.
37 III. Hamilton s Financial Plan C. Tariffs would 1. encourage the growth of American industry (buy American-made). 2. raise money for the federal government.
38 III. Hamilton s Financial Plan D. Create a NATIONAL BANK: 1. safe place to keep the government s money. 2. can make loans to businesses. 3. would issue paper currency. 4. strengthen the federal government.
39 IV. Debate on Interpretation of the Constitution STRICT CONSTRUCTION: only what the Constitution clearly states favored by Jefferson and Madison. LOOSE CONSTRUCTION: the Constitution should be flexible to meet the needs of the country (Elastic Clause) favored by Hamilton and Adams. Jefferson and Hamilton argue these points on the creation of the National Bank.
40 V. Major Events During Washington s Presidency A. Battle of Fallen Timbers (1794) the American army defeats a confederation of Indians over tension in the Northwest Territory. Treaty of Greenville (1795) 12 tribes cede much of present-day Ohio and Indiana to the U.S. government.
41 Washington s Domestic Policy Battle of Fallen Timbers August 20, 1794 Near Toledo, Ohio Wayne and his men chased the Indians back to Fort Miami British refused Indians access did not want to start another war Americans routed Indians, burning their fields and villages Led to Treaty of Greenville in 1795 Indians gave Americans most of Ohio, Chicago, Detroit Americans gave Indians $20,000 worth of goods and acknowledged existing claims
42 Battle of Fallen Timbers
43 V. Major Events During Washington s Presidency B. The Whiskey Rebellion (1794) PA farmers refused to pay the tax until the American army enforces it. This upholds the power of the new federal government.
44 Washington s Domestic Policy The Whiskey Rebellion Congress passed excise tax on American made Whiskey in 1791 To pay off national debt Pennsylvania farmers who couldn t pay the tax rebelled Tarred and feathered tax collectors Skirmishes broke out between rebels and Federal officers Shots fired Rebels tarring and feathering a tax collector during the Whiskey Rebellion
45 Washington s Domestic Policy The Whiskey Rebellion Washington personally commanded nearly 13,000 troops to shut down the rebellion Most Rebels fled without battle Washington captured 20 First major show of Federal Authority, Force Washington WOULD see that the laws were executed set a precedent that U.S. citizens who wished to change the law had to do so peacefully through constitutional means
46 V. Major Events During Washington s Presidency C. The French Revolution ( ) the French people overthrow the French monarchy by executing King Louis XVI. Neutrality the U.S. would not side with any European country in wartime.
48 V. Major Events During Washington s Presidency D. Pinckney s Treaty (1795) Spain gave the Americans the right to freely travel on the Mississippi River and use the port of New Orleans.
49 VI. Washington Retires Established the precedent of only a two-term presidency, which becomes the 22 nd Amendment in 1951.
50 Washington s Farewell Address Washington chose to step down after two terms in office ( ) Washington s Farewell Address by Allyn Cox US Capitol His farewell address is his most famous speech Warns of political party divisions Political Unity was key to success Warns about dangers of foreign entanglement No permanent friends or foes Morality in government Religion is instrumental
51 MOUNT RUSHMORE Mount Rushmore is in South Dakota. It has the heads of Washington, Jefferson, Roosevelt, and Lincoln carved in the side of the mountain.
52 WASHINGTON MONUMENT The Washington Monument is in Washington, D.C. It is the tallest structure in the city. Tourists can ride elevators to the top.
53 FAMOUS QUOTE First in war, first in peace, first in the hearts of his countrymen.
Welcome Work Use the paper provided and create a circle map of what you KNOW about George Washington. Essential Question How did George Washington s presidency influence the New Nation? SS.8.A.3.1 GEORGE
Washington s Administration Life of George Washington Born Feb. 22, 1732 in Tidewater, VA Limited education - Tutored - Interested in math First political office Surveyor general for Fairfax County, VA
Washington Leads a New Nation Chapter 7 Section 1 The First President In January 1789 each of the 11 states that had passed the Constitution sent electors to choose the first president. These delegates
Chalkboard Splash: Name and describe the Amendments in the Bill of Rights UNIT III: EXPANSION, NATIONALISM, SECTIONALISM THE FIRST PRESIDENT KING? HIGHNESS? MAJESTY? April 30, 1789: Washington was unanimously
!CHAPTER 9 SECTION 1 REVIEW Washington s Presidency Specific Objective Learn that George Washington and his advisers faced many challenges during his Presidency. Directions: Read the summary below to answer
By Mr. Cegielski WARM UP: 1 PREVIEW: George Washington Presidential Accomplishments Washington voluntarily resigned as Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army in 1783. Because of his victories in the
George Washington s Presidency 1789-1796 CA 8 th Grade US History Standard 8.4.1, 8.4.2, 8.5.3 George Washington George Washington was sworn in as the first President on April 30, 1789 George Washington
The New Nation Takes Form 1789-1800 Why Washington? You must be this tall to ride. Aside from being a slam up decorator.? Was he the hottest founding father? Chick Magnet? Hero John Adams Vice-President
The election of George Washington as the first president under the Constitution was not exactly unanimous -2 electors from VA and 2 electors from MD did not vote -NY was entitled to 8 electoral votes but
Name: Date: Chapter 10 Section Review Packet Section 10-1: Laying the Foundations of Government 1. George Washington 2. Martha Washington 3. Electoral college 4. John Adams 5. New York City 6. Precedent
Washington Leads a New Nation The Big Idea President Washington and members of Congress established a new national government. Main Ideas In 1789 George Washington became the first president of the United
The election of George Washington as the first president under the Constitution was not exactly unanimous -2 electors from VA and 2 electors from MD did not vote -NY was entitled to 8 electoral votes but
The Federalist Period Washington as President Washington set several precedents for future presidents 2 terms & the first cabinet Jefferson, Hamilton, Knox, & Randolph fledgling govt faced several domestic
Chapter 7: Democracy and Dissent The Violence of Party Politics (1788-1800) AP United States History Week of October 19, 2015 Establishing a New Government Much of George Washington s first administration
George Washington s Presidency http://www.youtube.com/wat ch?v=obupqgv8ybm Foreign Policy The French Revolution Americans, in general, support the French people wanting a Republic Most are horrified by
Essential Question What were the major domestic and foreign problems facing the nation during the presidency of George Washington? 1 Washington was inaugurated in NY Set precedents on how to run our country
US History Refresher US History Refresher video Objective 1.01: Identify the major domestic issues and conflicts experienced by the nation during the Federalist Period. Objective 1.02: Analyze the political
Name Class Date Section 1 MAIN IDEA President Washington and other leaders tried to solve the new nation s economic problems. This led to the rise of political parties. Key Terms and People cabinet heads
Grade 7 History Mr. Norton Section 1: Washington Takes Office Section 2: Creating a Foreign Policy Section 3: Political Parties Emerge Section 4: The Second President Grade 7 History Mr. Norton Cornell
Practice & Review, Monday, 12/4 1. The group of advisers who helped Washington run the executive branch was known as.. Cabinet 2. What office did Thomas Jefferson hold in Washington s administration? Secretary
1783: Treaty of Paris ended the American Revolution Despite the treaty, Britain: Continued to maintain frontier forts along the Great Lakes Continued their alliances with Native American tribes 1787: The
Launching the New Ship of State CHAPTER 10 Growing Pains Land was very sparsely populated, many forests 4 million people, but population doubled every 25 years Cities Only 6 over 8,000 Philadelphia largest
Chapter 7 Test Review Be sure to review Washington and Adams Reading Notes as well as the Resource Activity packet, along with the chapter review activity and Primetimes. Precedents The traditions established
Issues Facing the New Government George Washington s Presidency 1789-1797 No political party affiliation Won 100% of electoral vote in both elections Established precedent of serving only 2 terms as president
CHAPTER 10 LAUNCHING THE NEW SHIP OF STATE GROWING PAINS THERE WAS VERY LITTLE TRUST IN THE NEW GOVERNMENT VIRTUALLY NO REVENUE ($) WAS COMING IN INFLATION WAS RAMPANT DUE TO THE PRINTING OF PAPER MONEY
Chapter Eight The United States of North America 1786-1800 Part One Introduction The United States of North America 1786-1800 What does the drawing say about life in the United States in 1799? 3 Chapter
THE NEW REPUBLIC Chapter 1 Section 4 Historical Context Constitution Bill of Rights was finally ratified in 1791. During 1790 s and 1800 s the New Republic faced internal political issues and international
pp278-287 North America s borders as Washington takes office The boundaries of the new nation were: Canada on the north the Mississippi River on the west Florida on the south Florida was returned to Spain.
George Washington George Washington DO NOW: With a partner answer the following: 1.Would our current president be able to successfully lead a new nation? Why/Why not? 2.What types of problems would the
Bell Ringer: Take out paper for notes. On your paper, answer the following review questions: Name the 4 executive departments established by Congress. Name the 4 people that headed each department. Match
Launching a New Ship of State Part 2 1789-1800 American Pageant Chapter 10 The Emergence of Political Parties At the start--political parties not in existence or planned for Organized resistance: Anti-federalists
Section 1 The First President *Precedent: *cabinet: *national debt: *bond: *speculator: *unconstitutional: *tariff: with relief and enthusiasm. All that was needed was a leader to guide the new nation.
The Founding Fathers wanted to make sure they did things correctly. They even spent 3 weeks deciding what to call the President!!! His Excellency, and His Highness were suggested, but Washington was simply
Chapter 6 Launching a New Nation 6.1 Laying the foundations of government The United States needed a president that the people already trusted. Washington s Cabinet Currently, there are 14 executive departments
facebook Wall Photos Flair Boxes George Washington Logout General George Washington 1 st President of the United States of America Wall Info Photos Boxes Write something Share View photos of George (3)
George Washington s Presidency April 30, 1789 Washington (Virginia) is inaugurated (sworn in) as President. John Adams (Mass.) becomes the Vice-President. George Washington s Presidency Washington establishes
Chapter 8, Section 2 Early Challenges (pages 263 266) Setting a Purpose for Reading Think about these questions as you read: How did the federal government assert its power in the West? How did the United
Chapter 6 The New Republic Section 1 Government & Party Politics Focus Question How did debate over the role of government lead to the formation of political parties? In 1789, the leaders of the new government
Washington s Presidency The Cabinet The Constitution allowed the President to appoint officials in charge of executive departments, so Washington appointed Thomas Jefferson to be Secretary of State, Alexander
AP U.S. History Mr. Mercado Name Chapter 10 Launching the New Ship of State, 1789-1800 A. True or False Where the statement is true, mark T. Where it is false, mark F, and correct it in the space immediately
USHG Name Stations Activity: The George Washington Presidency (1789-1797) Station # 1: George Washington & Foreign Policy Based on the information, summarize the three goals of U.S. foreign policy during
Launching a New Republic 1789 through 1800 Chapter 9 Section 1 Washington s Presidency The President and the Congress begin to set up the new government Section 1 Objectives 1. To explain how the nation
Chapter 25 Terms and People republic a government in which the people elect their representatives unicameral legislature a lawmaking body with a single house whose representatives are elected by the people
Slide 1 Essential Question What problems were facing America when George Washington became president? What lasting effects can we see from Washington's presidency? Particularly cabinet, political parties,
Constitutional Era Washington & Adams Federalist Era SOL: VUS. 6A SWBAT The student will apply social science skills to understand the development of the American political system by: a) examining founding
THE FEDERALIST ERA, 1789-1801: FOREIGN POLICY I. Impact of the French Revolution A. popular overthrow of French monarchy and aristocracy, beginning in July 1789 1. France proclaimed itself a republic (similar
U.S. History 1 CP Mr. Mulry Chapter 6: The New Republic 1789-1816 Section Quizzes Section 1 Quiz: Government and Party Politics Directions: From I below, choose the term that best fits each description.
1 2 3 4 5 A New Republic and the Rise of Parties 1789 1800 Washington s America What were the distinguishing features of the early republic s four major regions? Forging a New Government What challenges
Prompt:Analyze the reasons for the Anti-Federalists opposition to ratifying the Constitution. Re-written as a Question: What were the reasons for the Anti-Federalist opposition to ratifying the constitution?
Q3 Vocab Washington s Presidency George Washington: 1st President of the US New York City: 1st capital of the US Precedent: an action or decision that serves as a later example Inaugural: the beginning,
James Madison Amendment I: Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, petition. Amendment II: Right to bear arms (for militia). Amendment III: no quartering in peacetime Amendment IV: No unreasonable
9.1 The First President Washington Takes Ofice precedent: tradition, or something done or said that may serve as an example or rule to follow later April 30, 1789 Geo. Wash. 1st pres, John Adams VP The
The Early Republic 1789-1828 Essential Questions What challenges faced the new nation under the Constitution? How did the first American political parties emerge? How did the Supreme Court establish its
Forming a New Government Why Independent in the First Place? Citizens wanted to limit the power of government Lack of representation No taxation without representation Protect personal freedoms Desired
7.5 NOTES George Washington (1789-1797) I. Precedents A. examples that later people will follow B. EVERYTHING Washington Did set a precedent C. Examples: 1. cabinet 2. 2 terms 3. acted royally II. Cabinet
Washington and Adams Administrations 1788 1800 1. Hamilton s Financial Plan: Report on the Public Credit. Credit Pay all debts in full at face value ( Assumption of Debts }; create a Bank of the U.S. (BUS)
Unit 3 SSUSH6 Analyze the challenges faced by the first five presidents and how they r esponded. a. Examine the presidency of Washington, including the precedents he set. George Washington, President George
Launching the New Ship of State 1789-1800 C H A P T E R 1 0 Growing Pains After 1789, American population continues to grow at an amazing rate Population about 90% rural 95% of population still lives east
FEDERALIST ERA Washington Government is not reason; it is not eloquent; it is force. Like fire, it is a dangerous servant and a fearful master. The Constitution is the guide which I never will abandon.
Washington & Adams U.S. HISTORY CH 7: LAUNCHING THE NATION 1.The Constitution: A Brief Review At the Constitutional Convention, the Virginia Plan included a proposal for separation of powers into three
The Young Republic: The Early Years The Young Republic Test Packet due & test day: The Early Nation Vocabulary Name: Define each of the following words in regards to the early development of the nation:
#5: Federalism Triumphant 1. One example of the inadequacies of the Articles of Confederation was the inability of the United States to A) prevent English annexation of Florida. B) force England to withdraw
1. Washington s Presidency Served 2 terms---1789 to 1797/VP: John Adams 2. US Problems = Solutions Government on paper but not in practice Precedents Develops first Cabinet----Hamilton vs Jefferson Supreme
End of Federalists. & Age of Jefferson Change for the new country. War & Terror: Does the US Govt have the power to take away your rights in time of crisis (ie. war) to protect the security of the country?
APUSH- Unit 4: Early Federal Period Launching the New Ship of State, 1789-1800 (Chapter 10) I can explain why George Washington was pivotal to inaugurating the new federal government. (Pages 190-193) Cabinet
Chapter 6: The Origins of American Politics Section 1: Liberty vs. Order in the 1700s I. Hamilton s Debt Relief Plan A. Hamilton was a loose constructionist, interpreting the Constitution broadly B. Hamilton
CHAPTER 10 1. According to the text, why did Americans face an uphill battle in constructing and following a new Constitution? 2. At what rate was the Republic growing in 1789? 3. What was the population
Chapter 6 The New Republic Objectives Describe the steps Washington s administration took to build the federal government. Analyze Hamilton s plans for the economy and the opposition to them. Explain how
Name: Class Period: Unit 3- Hammering Out a Federal Republic Key Concepts FOR PERIOD 3: Key Concept 3.2: The American Revolution s democratic and republican ideals inspired new experiments with different
Monday, January 25, 2016 Take Out: Writing utensil Notes Today: Early US Republic Washington Heads New Government Homework: Worksheet GW s Presidency RIGHT NOW! The Constitution has been ratified now it
Name: Date: Period: VUS 5: Building a New Nation: Ratifying the Constitution Notes VUS #: Title 1 Objectives about Title VUS5 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the issues involved in the creation
The First Five Presidents Domestic and Foreign Policy 1789-1827 Domestic and Foreign Policy Domestic Policy: Actions that happen within the USA. Foreign Policy: Actions that happen overseas. George Washington:
Launching the New Nation George Washington becomes the first president. President Thomas Jefferson doubles U.S. territory with the Louisiana Purchase. The U.S. fights the British in the War of 1812. Launching
The Rise of Political Parties Creation of Political Parties George Washington s cabinet became bitterly divided over the direction America was taking in its first eight years. America s first two political
LAUNCHING A NEW NATION 1789-1815 REMEMBER The U.S. had gained its independence but it had to prove to the world that it was a STRONG country Step 1: Organize the government so the country is internally
8 th Grade U.S. History STAAR Review Early Republic FORT BURROWS 2018 VOCABULARY Rebellion- an effort by many people to change the government or leader of a country by the use of protest or violence Excise