1. Election of 1828: Andrew Jackson defeats John Quincy Adams. Tariff of 1828 destroyed Adams, negative campaigning occurred for first time.

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1 1. Election of 1828: Andrew defeats John Quincy Adams. Tariff of 1828 destroyed Adams, negative campaigning occurred for first time. War Hero Nicknames Old Hickory Common Man Born in a Log Cabin Education? Rags to Riches Campaign/Hard Cider Slogans &Songs Know the People Stump Speeches John Quincy Adams Candidate Party Home State Popular Vote (%) Electoral Vote States Carried Martin VanBuren From Kinderhook, NY originally from the Clintonian Democratic- Republicans. He becomes s Secretary of State. Can be considered the brains behind the creation of the Democratic Party. Andrew John Quincy Adams Dem Nat l Rep. TN MA 642,553 (56%) 500,897 (43.6%)

2 Atariff is a tax on foreign made goods imported into a nation. The Tariff of 1824 included high duties on imported agricultural goods such as hemp, wheat and liquor to protect western farmers; imported textiles to protect New England interests; and iron to protect mining and forging industries of Pennsylvania. South Carolina had been particularly hard hit by the depression of The tariffs increased the prices of their imported goods by as much as 50 percent. South Carolina asserted that the tariffs were unfair as a tax on Southern agriculture for the benefit of Northern industry. The Tariff of 1824 was the nations second after that in 1816; each slowly raised the tax on imports. s Vice President & outspoken opponent against the Tariff of 1828; from the State of S.C. (hit the hardest by the Tariff) Ignite Learning: Tariff of Abominations (1:40) John C. Calhoun Nicknamed the Tariff of Abominations Abomination is anything abominable; anything greatly disliked or abhorred; something evil.

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4 2. Development of ian Democracy: a. Democratic-Republican Party splits as a result of election in b. Jeffersonian Republican Party became a group of conservative states rights politicians. c. iandemocratic Party became a group of strong national government politicians concerned for the middle class citizens. Grand Old Party Martin VanBuren Jefferson Educated Leadership Madison 3. s new generation of politics: a. Get the people involved. b. Equality (for the white male land owner). c. Everyone gets a fair chance to succeed.

5 4. implements the Spoils System. John Eaton was Senator from Tenn ; Sec. of War ; Gov. of Florida and Ambassador to Spain Martin VanBuren John C. Calhoun Andrew Donelson Francis Preston Blair Margaret (Peggy) Eaton John Eaton 5. Peggy Eaton Incident: John H. Eaton was Sec. Of War & from Tennessee. His wife, Peggy, creates a disturbance among the cabinet members wives because of her background (shows problems w/ the spoils system). Floride Calhoun

6 6. Nullification Crisis in South Carolina: John C. Calhoun resigns as vice-president in protest to the Tariff of He attempts to get S. Carolina to secede from the U.S. Let s Compromise! South Carolina will secede if this Tariff is not reduced Andrew If South Carolina threatens to leave the U.S. I will use the military! Ignite Learning: Tariff of Abominations (1:40) Henry Clay The Kentucky/Virginia Resolutions States Rights (10 th Amendment John C. Calhoun The Tariff of 1832 will eventually lower the Tariff of 1828 BUT not until it nearly causes a Civil War & forces Calhoun to resign

7 7. Election of 1832: Multiple political parties arise in opposition to iandemocrats. Parties such as the Whig, Anti-Mason, Free- Soil, and Know Nothings Candidate Party Home State Popular Vote (%) Electoral Vote States Carried Andrew Dem TN 701,780 (54.2%) Henry Clay John Floyd William Wirt Nat l Rep MA 484,205 (37.4%) 49 6 Nullifier VA? 11 1 Anti- Masonic MD 100,715 (7.8%) 7 1 Floyd Wirt

8 8. s Presidential Problems: a. vs. Bank of U.S.: The bank was up for reevaluation in was opposed to it because it favored the upper class. Strong opposition to the president comes from Nicholas Biddle & Senator Webster from the state of Massachusetts. Party Conflict was actually Social Class Conflict in the 1830 s Bank of U.S. Nicholas Biddle Second Bank of U.S. had a 20 year charter that was up for reevaluation for in 1836 Daniel Webster

9 8b. Indian Relations: had little respect for Indians. This attitude had developed from his dominance over them in the War of 1812 & when he took Florida in Indian Removal Law of 1830 (cost $500,000). 2. Trail of Tears was the result (relocated Cherokee Indians). 3. Black Hawk Incident: Black Hawk was the chief of the Sauk & Fox Tribes. They were relocated to Northern Mississippi region that was already the home of the Sioux Indians. War between the two tribes erupts & the U.S. viewed it as Indian hostility. Abe Lincoln & Jefferson Davis were sent to as U.S. reps., an Indian Massacre ensued. David Crockett I am a Senator from TN & I against the Indian Removal Law! Davis Lincoln Chief Black Hawk The Trail of Tears

10 9. Henry Clay (Whig leader) denounced United States actions towards Indians in Congress. Henry Clay Andrew 10. s Farewell Address in 1837

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