Name. William McKinley ( ) Andrew Jackson ( ) George Washington ( ) Abraham Lincoln ( )

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Name. William McKinley ( ) Andrew Jackson ( ) George Washington ( ) Abraham Lincoln ( )"

Transcription

1 Name Checks and Balances: U.S. Presidents and the Economy Directions: Working in teams, match the president with the appropriate Economic Situation, Government Response, and Primary Source Document cards you are presented. Check your answers with the teacher. Use the Student Handout sheet and write a three sentence synopsis of the economic events of each of the presidents presented. George Washington ( ) Andrew Jackson ( ) Abraham Lincoln ( ) William McKinley ( ) Woodrow Wilson ( ) Government Response Economic Situation Primary Source

2 CARD A Since the death of the Second Bank of the United States in 1836, the American financial system was carried out by state-chartered banks with no federal regulation. As a result, financial panics plagued the nation, leading to bank failures and business bankruptcies that severely disrupted the economy throughout the 19 th century and the beginning of the 20 th century. During this time, America experienced a wave of economic recessions including the Panic of 1857 and Panic of 1873 and a severe economic depression known as the Panic of When another recession struck in 1907, this panic persuaded many Americans that U.S. banking was sadly out of date and in need of major reform. In addition, many Progressive Era reformers were calling for the return of a central bank to regulate U.S. monetary policy. CARD B During the Civil War, the national government faced extraordinary challenges. Among the challenges was finding a way to raising $3 billion to fight the Confederacy and pay for war supplies, soldiers pay, new transportation initiatives, and other war-related expenses. At the time of the Civil War, the national government did not have a central bank, a national banking system, a national currency or a means for collecting internal federal taxes. CARD C During the Gilded Age, farmers and western settlers began to attack the nation s monetary system. Since 1873, Congress declared that all federal money must be backed by gold. This gold standard limited the nation's money supply and benefited the wealthy. Farmers wanted to create inflation and supported expanding the money supply to include dollars backed by gold and silver. Bimetallism was one of the platform issues of the new Populist Party and its presidential candidate William Jennings Bryan who s Cross of Gold speech called for the free coinage of silver money. In addition, America was in the depths of its worst economic depression until the Great Depression in CARD D One of the most pressing issues facing the new nation was the national debt incurred during the Revolutionary War. When the United States was formed, the federal government was essentially bankrupt, and its bonds nearly worthless. States had huge war debts. There was runaway inflation. In fact, one of the reasons for the Constitutional Convention of 1789 was Shays Rebellion which was incited by high debts by farmers and was made worse by the inability of the government to raise money to stop the rebellion CARD E The Second Bank of the United States was chartered in 1816 for a term of 20 years. The BUS was a depository for federal funds and paid national debts, but it was answerable only to its directors and stockholders and not to the American people. The supporters of a central bank were those involved in industrial and commercial ventures. They wanted a strong currency and central control of the economy. The opponents (mostly farmers) were distrustful of the federal government. Many farmers had been financially damaged by speculation and a tightening of bank credit. At this time, many people were concerned about the constitutionality of the Second Bank of the US and debated whether the national government should support paper money ( soft money that provided easy credit) or gold and silver ( hard money which limited the money supply). CARD 1 This president was the first and only president to eliminate the national debt. However, his presidency is more remembered for ordering the premature removal of the government s deposits from the Second Bank of the United States in an attempt to kill it outright. He appointed a Treasury Secretary who removed and then deposited the reserves in various state banks (known as pet banks or wildcat banks ). However, his victory over the BUS is considered questionable because this and other policies, such as the Specie Circular of 1836, destabilized the financial system and economy, rendering them susceptible to shocks. When the US suffered a banking panic in 1837, the economy slipped into a severe depression that lasted until The resulting decline in government revenues ironically led to deficits that led to the rebirth of the national debt.. CARD 2 During the Progressive Era, Congress passed the Federal Reserve Act. The Federal Reserve System, also known as "The Fed," is the central bank of the United States. The Fed is a network of twelve Federal Reserve district banks and serves as a bank for other banks and a bank for the federal government. It was created to provide the nation with a safer, more flexible, and more stable monetary and financial system. Its two primary responsibilities include controlling inflation and unemployment by regulating the U.S. monetary policy. CARD 3 Federalists like Secretary of the Treasury, Alexander Hamilton, believed the best way to create a lasting republic was to give the central government an efficient system of tax collection and public credit. Hamilton wanted the federal government to assume, or take over, and then pay the war debts of the individual states. At Hamilton s urging, the government used revenues from tariffs to pay of federal and state war bonds. The government chartered a new central bank, the Bank of the United States, which provided loans to the government as well as to merchants and other businesses. Hamilton s system established the young nation s credit and stabilized the American economy under the direction of a strong national government. CARD 4 The bimetallism debate was at the heart of the presidential election of Election results proved to be a victory for the Republican Party and the death of the Populist Party. After the election, Congress passed the Gold Standard Act which officially placed the United States on the gold standard and killed the free silver issue. However, Populists Party ideas like the income tax, direct election of senators, initiative, referendum, recall, and the secret ballot were all later enacted by Progressive reformers CARD 5 During the war, the federal government created innovative ways to collect federal revenues that are still used today. New taxes, such as the first income and inheritance tax, were introduced in the war years, along with new excise taxes. Also, for the first time since the American Revolution, the federal government printed its own money, called greenbacks, and took the first steps toward creating a national regulatory system for banks. Bond drives were organized to raise money for the war. By the war s end, the Union raised about two-thirds of its money through loans, and about a quarter by increasing tariffs and taxes.

3 Primary Source: CARD BB

4 CARD CC Primary Source:

5 Primary Source: CARD AA

6 Primary Source: CARD DD

7 Primary Source: CARD EE

8 ANSWER KEY

9 George Washington ( ) CARD D One of the most pressing issues facing the new nation was the national debt incurred during the Revolutionary War. When the United States was formed, the federal government was essentially bankrupt, and its bonds nearly worthless. States had huge war debts. There was runaway inflation. In fact, one of the reasons for the Constitutional Convention of 1789 was Shays Rebellion which was incited by high debts by farmers and was made worse by the inability of the federal government to raise money to stop the rebellion CARD 3 Federalists like Secretary of the Treasury, Alexander Hamilton, believed the best way to create a lasting republic was to give the central government an efficient system of tax collection and public credit. Hamilton wanted the federal government to assume, or take over, and then pay the war debts of the individual states. At Hamilton s urging, the government used revenues from tariffs to pay of federal and state war bonds. The government chartered a new central bank, the Bank of the United States, which provided loans to the government as well as to merchants and other businesses. Hamilton s system established the young nation s credit and stabilized the American economy under the direction of a strong national government. CARD BB Primary Source:

10 Andrew Jackson ( ) CARD E The Second Bank of the United States was chartered in 1816 for a term of 20 years. The BUS was a depository for federal funds and paid national debts, but it was answerable only to its directors and stockholders and not to the American people. The supporters of a central bank were those involved in industrial and commercial ventures. They wanted a strong currency and central control of the economy. The opponents (mostly farmers) were distrustful of the federal government. Many farmers had been financially damaged by speculation and a tightening of bank credit. At this time, many people were concerned about the constitutionality of the Second Bank of the US and debated whether the national government should support paper money ( soft money that provided easy credit) or gold and silver ( hard money which limited the money supply). CARD 1 This American president was the first and only president to eliminate the national debt. However, his presidency is more remembered for ordering the premature removal of the government s deposits from the Second Bank of the United States in an attempt to kill it outright. He appointed a Treasury Secretary who removed and then deposited the reserves in various state banks (known as pet banks or wildcat banks ). However, his victory over the BUS is considered questionable because this and other policies, such as the Specie Circular of 1836, destabilized the financial system and economy, rendering them susceptible to shocks. When the US suffered a banking panic in 1837, the economy slipped into a severe depression that lasted until The resulting decline in government revenues ironically led to deficits that led to the rebirth of the national debt. CARD CC Primary Source:

11 Abraham Lincoln ( ) CARD B During the Civil War, the national government faced extraordinary challenges. Among the challenges was finding a way to raising $3 billion to fight the Confederacy and pay for war supplies, soldiers pay, new transportation initiatives, and other war-related expenses. At the time of the Civil War, the national government did not have a central bank, a national banking system, a national currency or a means for collecting internal federal taxes. CARD 5 During the war, the federal government created innovative ways to collect federal revenues that are still used today. New taxes, such as the first income and inheritance tax, were introduced in the war years, along with new excise taxes. Also, for the first time since the American Revolution, the federal government printed its own money, called greenbacks, and took the first steps toward creating a national regulatory system for banks. Bond drives were organized to raise money for the war. By the war s end, the Union raised about two-thirds of its money through loans, and about a quarter by increasing tariffs and taxes. CARD AA Primary Source:

12 William McKinley ( ) CARD C During the Gilded Age, farmers and western settlers began to attack the nation s monetary system. Since 1873, Congress declared that all federal money must be backed by gold. This gold standard limited the nation's money supply and benefited the wealthy. Farmers wanted to create inflation and supported expanding the money supply to include dollars backed by gold and silver. Bimetallism was one of the platform issues of the new Populist Party and its presidential candidate William Jennings Bryan who s Cross of Gold speech called for the free coinage of silver money. In addition, America was in the depths of its worst economic depression until the outbreak of the Great Depression in CARD 4 The bimetallism debate was at the heart of the presidential election of Election results proved to be a victory for the Republican Party and the death of the Populist Party. After the election, Congress passed the Gold Standard Act which officially placed the United States on the gold standard and killed the free silver issue. However, Populists Party ideas like the income tax, direct election of senators, initiative, referendum, recall, and the secret ballot were all later enacted by Progressive reformers. CARD DD Primary Source:

13 Woodrow Wilson ( ) CARD A Since the death of the Second Bank of the United States in 1836, the American financial system was carried out by state-chartered banks with no federal regulation. As a result, financial panics plagued the nation, leading to bank failures and business bankruptcies that severely disrupted the economy throughout the 19 th century and the beginning of the 20 th century. During this time, America experienced a wave of economic recessions including the Panic of 1857 and Panic of 1873 and a severe economic depression known as the Panic of When another recession struck in 1907, this panic persuaded many Americans that their banking structure was sadly out of date and in need of major reform. In addition, many Progressive Era reformers were calling for the return of a central bank to regulate American monetary policy. CARD 2 During the Progressive Era, Congress passed the Federal Reserve Act. The Federal Reserve System, also known as "The Fed," is the central bank of the United States. The Fed is a network of twelve Federal Reserve district banks and serves as a bank for other banks and a bank for the federal government. It was created to provide the nation with a safer, more flexible, and more stable monetary and financial system. Its two primary responsibilities include controlling inflation and unemployment by regulating the nation s monetary policy. CARD EE Primary Source:

Settling the Great Plains and Farmers and the Populist Movement

Settling the Great Plains and Farmers and the Populist Movement Settling the Great Plains and Farmers and the Populist Movement Settlers of the Great Plains transform the land and farmers united to address their economic problems, giving rise to the Populist movement.

More information

Chapter 6:FEDERALISTS AND REPUBLICANS

Chapter 6:FEDERALISTS AND REPUBLICANS Chapter 6:FEDERALISTS AND REPUBLICANS Objectives: We will examine the main tenets of Alexander Hamilton and the Federalist Party. We will examine the opposition Republican party and their issues of contention

More information

The Great West and The Rise of the Debtor Unit ( )

The Great West and The Rise of the Debtor Unit ( ) The Great West and The Rise of the Debtor Unit (1860-1896) The learner will evaluate the great westward movement and assess the impact of the agricultural revolution on the nation. Innovations Describe

More information

Guided Reading & Analysis: The Age of Jackson, Chapter 10- Era of the Common Man pp

Guided Reading & Analysis: The Age of Jackson, Chapter 10- Era of the Common Man pp THIS IS A TRADITIONAL & OPTIONAL ASSIGNMENT IT MUST BE PRINTED AND COMPLETED IN INK! Name: Class Period: Due Date: / / Guided Reading & Analysis: The Age of Jackson, 1824-1844 Chapter 10- Era of the Common

More information

Election of Rise of Popular Politics. Republican Candidates. A Democratic Revolution. New Democracy franchise

Election of Rise of Popular Politics. Republican Candidates. A Democratic Revolution. New Democracy franchise Rise of Popular Politics Chapter 10 A Democratic Revolution New Democracy franchise 1810s many states: all white men only place in world laborers, small farmers new western states Republican Candidates

More information

JQA and Jackson

JQA and Jackson JQA and Jackson 1824-1840 New parties AFTER ELECTION OF 1824 JACKSONIAN DEMOCRACY The political world changed during the New Democracy and two new political parties emerge: NATIONAL REPUBLICANS 1. Adams,

More information

Presidency Chart Andrew Jackson ( )

Presidency Chart Andrew Jackson ( ) Presidency Chart Andrew Jackson (1829-1837) Election of 1824 Four Republicans ran for president. On election day Andrew Jackson of Tennessee led the popular vote and in the Electoral College but did not

More information

Ch. 7 Launching a Nation Study Guide

Ch. 7 Launching a Nation Study Guide Ch. 7 Launching a Nation Study Guide Short Answer 1. As secretary of state Thomas Jefferson criticized U.S. policy toward France because he 2. In general, Congress created departments in the executive

More information

A. True or False Where the statement is true, mark T. Where it is false, mark F, and correct it in the space immediately below.

A. True or False Where the statement is true, mark T. Where it is false, mark F, and correct it in the space immediately below. AP U.S. History Mr. Mercado Name Chapter 10 Launching the New Ship of State, 1789-1800 A. True or False Where the statement is true, mark T. Where it is false, mark F, and correct it in the space immediately

More information

Chapter 14 Section 4. The Farmers' Complaint

Chapter 14 Section 4. The Farmers' Complaint Chapter 14 Section 4 The Farmers' Complaint The American economy rested on shaky ground in the post-civil War era. Twice, in 1873 and 1893, the collapse of a financially ailing railroad led to a cascading

More information

7/10/2009. Essential Question: King Andrew? Champion of the Common Man?

7/10/2009. Essential Question: King Andrew? Champion of the Common Man? Essential Question: Champion of the Common Man? OR King Andrew? 1 Voting Requirements in the Early 19c 2 Voter Turnout: 1820-1860 Why Increased Democratization? 3 White male suffrage increased 3 Party

More information

Federal Reserve Notes are not "dollars"

Federal Reserve Notes are not dollars Federal Reserve Notes are not "dollars" by anonymous The original Mint Act, was passed on Thursday, January 12, 1792. This Act was drafted in Pursuance of the Constitution for the United States of America

More information

Understanding the Populists and Previewing the Progressives

Understanding the Populists and Previewing the Progressives Understanding the Populists and Previewing the Progressives 1865-1900 Reading Assignment: Chapters 19 and 21 in AMSCO; If you do not have the AMSCO text, use other resource to review the Populists and

More information

The ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION. Mr. P s Class

The ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION. Mr. P s Class The ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION Mr. P s Class ANY NOTES IN YELLOW ARE MAIN POINTS AND GO IN THE LEFT COLUMN OF YOUR NOTES ANY NOTES IN RED ARE SUPPORTING DETAILS AND GO IN THE RIGHT COLUMN OF YOUR NOTES

More information

Reviewing the Populists and Previewing the Progressives

Reviewing the Populists and Previewing the Progressives THIS IS AN OPTIONAL ENRICHMENT ASSIGNMENT. PRINT AND COMPLETE IN INK. Students who complete this reading guide in its entirety may correct their quiz for points back. Any student who completes at least

More information

Creating a Republic. Loose Confederation Constitutional Convention Ideas Behind the Constitution Ratification & Bill of Rights

Creating a Republic. Loose Confederation Constitutional Convention Ideas Behind the Constitution Ratification & Bill of Rights Creating a Republic Loose Confederation Constitutional Convention Ideas Behind the Constitution Ratification & Bill of Rights 7-1: Loose Confederation States Constitutions Articles of Confederation Weaknesses

More information

CHAPTER NINETEEN FROM STALEMATE TO CRISIS Objectives A thorough study of Chapter 19 should enable the student to understand: 1.

CHAPTER NINETEEN FROM STALEMATE TO CRISIS Objectives A thorough study of Chapter 19 should enable the student to understand: 1. CHAPTER NINETEEN FROM STALEMATE TO CRISIS Objectives A thorough study of Chapter 19 should enable the student to understand: 1. The nature of American party politics in the last third of the nineteenth

More information

Ch. 11: Political Developments in the Early Republic

Ch. 11: Political Developments in the Early Republic Ch. 11: Political Developments in the Early Republic Alexander Hamilton Thomas Jefferson President George Washington On April 30, 1789, George Washington became our nation s first president. His first

More information

The Life and Legacy of the Second Bank of the United States

The Life and Legacy of the Second Bank of the United States The Life and Legacy of the Second Bank of the United States Peter L. Rousseau Vanderbilt University FCA/LSE Conference on "Links Between Financial Regulation, Growth, and Stability," June 9-10, 2017. Overview

More information

After the Civil War, falling crop prices and deflation

After the Civil War, falling crop prices and deflation Section Populism Guide to Reading Big Ideas Economics and Society The Populist movement and its presidential candidate William Jennings Bryan strongly supported silver as the basis for currency. Content

More information

Issues that Challenged Old Hickory

Issues that Challenged Old Hickory Issues that Challenged Old Hickory The Corrupt Bargain The Candidates Andrew Jackson- Democrat John Quincy Adams- Whig Henry Clay- Whig William Crawford- Democrat Jackson won the popular vote, but no candidate

More information

The Foreign and Domestic Policies of America s First President!

The Foreign and Domestic Policies of America s First President! Washington s Ways The Foreign and Domestic Policies of America s First President! http://www.teacherspayteachers.com/store/mr-educator-a-social-studies-professional Washington s Ways Copyright, 2012 Mr

More information

Chapter 7 Quiz. 1. The stalemate over the assumption of state debts was broken when

Chapter 7 Quiz. 1. The stalemate over the assumption of state debts was broken when You will find the quizzes for Chapters 7 and 8 below. Use two separate scantrons to mark your answers. Both quizzes are due at our next class meeting on Thursday (11/20/14). EXAM 2 WILL BE ON 11/20/14.

More information

History of American Political Parties

History of American Political Parties History of American Political Parties 1791-2014 Political Parties NOT in the Constitution FEDERALIST PAPER #10 ABRIDGED The Same Subject Continued The Union as a Safeguard Against Domestic Faction and

More information

The States: Experiments in Republicanism State constitutions served as experiments in republican government The people demand written constitutions

The States: Experiments in Republicanism State constitutions served as experiments in republican government The people demand written constitutions The States: Experiments in Republicanism State constitutions served as experiments in republican government The people demand written constitutions provide clear definition of rights describe clear limits

More information

First Two-Party System Federalists v. Republicans, 1780s [In practice, these generalizations were often blurred and sometimes contradicted.

First Two-Party System Federalists v. Republicans, 1780s [In practice, these generalizations were often blurred and sometimes contradicted. First Two-Party System Federalists v., 1780s - 1801 Federalists 1. Favored strong central government. 2. "Loose" interpretation of the Constitution. 3. Encouragement of commerce and manufacturing. 4. Strongest

More information

All indirect taxes must be levied at the same rate in all parts of the country Cannot taxes churches. Limits on The Taxing Power

All indirect taxes must be levied at the same rate in all parts of the country Cannot taxes churches. Limits on The Taxing Power 3 Types of Congressional Powers granted by the Constitution Expressed Powers Explicitly written in the Constitution Implied Powers Reasonably deducted from the expressed powers Inherent Powers By creating

More information

President William McKinley

President William McKinley President William McKinley William McKinley was born in Niles, Ohio on January 29, 1843 to a large family where he was the seventh of eight children. His family moved to Poland, Ohio when he was ten years

More information

The Changing Role of the President

The Changing Role of the President George Washington President # 1 Years in Office 1789-1797 Planter Surveyor Delegate Commanding General - Continental Army Salary (Yearly) $25,000 Adopted the title of Mr. President Created the institution

More information

The Federalist Era:

The Federalist Era: The Federalist Era: 1789-1801 THE FEDERALIST ERA: DOMESTIC Issues I. America in 1790 A. Population: 4 million B. U.S. was recovering from a depression C. Challenges by Britain and Spain threatened the

More information

A Corrupt Bargain? John Quincy Adams Strong central gov t national university. astronomical observatory naval academy. Supported land rights of

A Corrupt Bargain? John Quincy Adams Strong central gov t national university. astronomical observatory naval academy. Supported land rights of The Age of Jackson 1824 Election A Corrupt Bargain? John Quincy Adams Strong central gov t national university. astronomical observatory naval academy. Supported land rights of Native Americans 1824 Election

More information

Do you think that political parties are good for American politics? Why or why not?

Do you think that political parties are good for American politics? Why or why not? The Constitution makes no mention of political parties, but the first ones formed during the early years of the republic. Today, the United States has several political parties, although two the Democrats

More information

The Jackson Era

The Jackson Era The Jackson Era 1824-1845 Election of 1824- In 1824, four candidates ran for the Presidency: Andrew Jackson John Quincy Adams Henry Clay William Crawford The Results: Harpers Weekly Candidate Popular Votes

More information

Articles of Confederation

Articles of Confederation Articles of Confederation Do Now How is power divided in our country today? SWBAT Analyze government problems under the Articles of Confederation Activity Review the Articles of Confederation chart and

More information

The Populist Struggle

The Populist Struggle The Populist Struggle The Populist Movement The Populist challenge reached a climax in the 1896 presidential election. When the Democrats absorbed most of their proposals and nominated William Jennings

More information

Benjamin Harrison August 20, 1833 March 13, 1901 Republican In office: VP: Levi P. Morton Indiana

Benjamin Harrison August 20, 1833 March 13, 1901 Republican In office: VP: Levi P. Morton Indiana Benjamin Harrison August 20, 1833 March 13, 1901 Republican In office: 1889-1893 VP: Levi P. Morton Indiana I. Political Issues (1) Election of 1888 Candidates: Grover Cleveland (DEMOCRAT) vs. Benjamin

More information

1) Representative vs. Direct Democracy

1) Representative vs. Direct Democracy 1) Representative vs. Direct Democracy Direct democracy = Initiative, Referendum and Recall defined: Today: direct legislation by citizen petition & vote direct public veto of bill from legislature direct

More information

American Government and Economics Curriculum Maps

American Government and Economics Curriculum Maps American Government and Economics Curriculum Maps Curriculum Map Study of Government and Constitution (25 Days) Civil Liberties and Rights (15 Days) Political and Electoral Process (20 Days) The Legislative

More information

8-3.4 NEW AMERICAN POLITICS & THE INTERPRETATION OF THE CONSTITUTION

8-3.4 NEW AMERICAN POLITICS & THE INTERPRETATION OF THE CONSTITUTION 8-3.4 NEW AMERICAN POLITICS & THE INTERPRETATION OF THE CONSTITUTION I. EARLY 2 POLITICAL PARTY SYSTEM FEDERALISTS WERE: 1. LARGE LAND OWNERS 2. WEALTHY MERCHANTS 3. PROFESSIONALS IE COLLEGE PROFESSORS

More information

Reforms of the Early 20th Century. (The emergence of government as a problem solver)

Reforms of the Early 20th Century. (The emergence of government as a problem solver) Reforms of the Early 20th Century (The emergence of government as a problem solver) Learning Target Explain the origins of the Populist Party and their impact on American life. Origins of the Populist

More information

The Presidency of James Monroe

The Presidency of James Monroe The Presidency of James Monroe James Monroe 1758 1831 Democratic-Republican 5 th President (1817-25) Last President to have participated in the Revolution Former Governor of Virginia, Secretary of State,

More information

The election of 1912

The election of 1912 The election of 1912 The Republican Party & President William H. Taft Keep the Whistle Blowing Taft was determined to defeat TR and preserve the conservative heart of the Republican Party. Come, Mr. President.

More information

NAME DATE CLASS John Quincy Adams becomes president

NAME DATE CLASS John Quincy Adams becomes president Lesson 1 Jacksonian Democracy ESSENTIAL QUESTION What are the characteristics of a leader? GUIDING QUESTIONS 1. What new ways of campaigning appeared during the elections of 1824 and 1828? 2. How did Andrew

More information

The Rise of Mass Democracy

The Rise of Mass Democracy The Rise of Mass Democracy 1824-1840 The Election of 1824 Four candidates vie for presidency (Monroe ends the Virginia Dynasty): John Quincy Adams MA Henry Clay Kentucky William Crawford Georgia Andrew

More information

3/28/12. Progressivism Under Taft and Wilson

3/28/12. Progressivism Under Taft and Wilson Progressivism Under Taft and Wilson Taft won the 1908 Presidential election over William Jennings Bryan He promised to continue Roosevelt s progressive reforms, but appointed no progressives to his cabinet

More information

CHAPTER 2: REVOLUTION AND THE EARLY REPUBLIC

CHAPTER 2: REVOLUTION AND THE EARLY REPUBLIC CHAPTER 2: REVOLUTION AND THE EARLY REPUBLIC COLONIAL RESISTANCE AND REBELLION SECTION 1 England s Parliament and Big Ben The Proclamation of 1763 sought to halt the westward expansion of the colonist,

More information

The Rise and Fall of the Federalist Party. The Federalist Party was one of the first political parties in the United States.

The Rise and Fall of the Federalist Party. The Federalist Party was one of the first political parties in the United States. The Rise and Fall of the Federalist Party The Federalist Party was one of the first political parties in the United States. After the US was established, different big names in government had different

More information

THE AGE OF JACKSON B) more Americans should become involved in politics A) white males first received universal suffrage

THE AGE OF JACKSON B) more Americans should become involved in politics A) white males first received universal suffrage 1. Jacksonian Democracy was based primarily on the principle that A) all Americans should be allowed to vote B) more Americans should become involved in politics C) the two party system needed to be modified

More information

THE SECESSION CRISIS.! Lincoln s election leads South Carolina to secede on December 20, 1860.! Question: would other states follow?

THE SECESSION CRISIS.! Lincoln s election leads South Carolina to secede on December 20, 1860.! Question: would other states follow? 1861-1865 THE SECESSION CRISIS! Lincoln s election leads South Carolina to secede on December 20, 1860! Question: would other states follow? THE CRITTENDEN COMPROMISE DEC. 1860! John Crittenden (KY) proposes

More information

Strategic Organization in William Jennings Bryan s Cross of Gold Speech

Strategic Organization in William Jennings Bryan s Cross of Gold Speech Biscoveanu 1 Sylvia Biscoveanu Dr. Freymiller Rhetoric and Civic Life 7 October 2013 Strategic Organization in William Jennings Bryan s Cross of Gold Speech William Jennings Bryan ran for President as

More information

Overcoming Obstacles New and Old to Economic Growth and Opportunity. Remarks at Hoover Overseers Dinner Washington DC February 24, 2013

Overcoming Obstacles New and Old to Economic Growth and Opportunity. Remarks at Hoover Overseers Dinner Washington DC February 24, 2013 Overcoming Obstacles New and Old to Economic Growth and Opportunity Remarks at Hoover Overseers Dinner Washington DC February 24, 2013 Tonight I want to focus on the obstacles to achieving good economic

More information

SWBAT. Explain George Washington s implementation of the new Constitution Compare problems Washington faced with those of Obama

SWBAT. Explain George Washington s implementation of the new Constitution Compare problems Washington faced with those of Obama George Washington George Washington DO NOW: With a partner answer the following: 1.Would our current president be able to successfully lead a new nation? Why/Why not? 2.What types of problems would the

More information

What four men ran for president and what parts of the country did they represent?

What four men ran for president and what parts of the country did they represent? Chapter 12 The Age of Jackson pg. 366 389 12 1 Politics of the People The Election of 1824 What four men ran for president and what parts of the country did they represent? Why was the election of 1824

More information

PartnersCeli ndalakealysi asnelldavidm ermin Dr. RobertG.MeadowDani elgotoff JoshuaUlibarri

PartnersCeli ndalakealysi asnelldavidm ermin Dr. RobertG.MeadowDani elgotoff JoshuaUlibarri To: Interested Parties From: Celinda Lake and Daniel Gotoff, Lake Research Partners Re: Key Findings from 4-State Battleground Survey on Wall Street Reform Date: September 9, 2016 The following memo outlines

More information

American Political Parties in History

American Political Parties in History 1 American Political Parties in History Federalist Party The Federalist party, in U.S. history, is a name that was originally applied to the advocates of ratification of the Constitution of the United

More information

Welcome Back! Bell Ringer

Welcome Back! Bell Ringer Welcome Back! Bell Ringer Quiz today! Friday: Quiz on online reading. Review PPT slides 3-8. Agenda and Objective: Through introductory readings, students will identify the term Gilded Age as well as political

More information

Ida Tarbell -Investigates the Standard Oil Trust in 1900 through an interview of Henry H. Rogers (a leader of Standard) -Published in Nov.

Ida Tarbell -Investigates the Standard Oil Trust in 1900 through an interview of Henry H. Rogers (a leader of Standard) -Published in Nov. Taft and Wilson Ida Tarbell -Investigates the Standard Oil Trust in 1900 through an interview of Henry H. Rogers (a leader of Standard) -Published in Nov. 1902 issue of McClure s, along with Lincoln Steffens

More information

CHAPTER 9 The Confederation and the Constitution,

CHAPTER 9 The Confederation and the Constitution, CHAPTER 9 The Confederation and the Constitution, 1776 1790 A. Checklist of Learning Objectives After mastering this chapter, you should be able to: 1. Explain the broad movement toward social and political

More information

The Election of 1896

The Election of 1896 The Election of 1896 1. President Cleveland was in office: a. Was successful in having the Sherman Silver Purchase Act repealed in 1893 b. Democratic party becomes split on free silver issue. c. Cleveland

More information

THIS IS A TRADITIONAL ASSIGNMENT. PRINT AND COMPLETE BY HAND.

THIS IS A TRADITIONAL ASSIGNMENT. PRINT AND COMPLETE BY HAND. 1 THIS IS A TRADITIONAL ASSIGNMENT. PRINT AND COMPLETE BY HAND. The G r e a t D e p r e $$i o n A n d T h e N e w D e a l, 1929-1939 APUSH Review Guide for AMSCO chapter 24. Students who do not have the

More information

History of Our Parties

History of Our Parties History of Our Parties -the first parties -Federalist/Democratic- Republicans Hamilton did not trust people Jefferson give power to people -Democrats/Whigs Formed just before Civil War -Democrats / Republicans

More information

CHAPTER 8 - POLITICAL PARTIES

CHAPTER 8 - POLITICAL PARTIES CHAPTER 8 - POLITICAL PARTIES LEARNING OBJECTIVES After studying Chapter 8, you should be able to: 1. Discuss the meaning and functions of a political party. 2. Discuss the nature of the party-in-the-electorate,

More information

10/13/14 GOVERNMENT BY THE STATES OPPOSITION TO THE ARTICLES CHAPTER 5 THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES ( )

10/13/14 GOVERNMENT BY THE STATES OPPOSITION TO THE ARTICLES CHAPTER 5 THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES ( ) 1 CHAPTER 5 THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES (1776 1800) Mr. Anderson, M.Ed., J.D. GOVERNMENT BY THE STATES Early Gov t Articles of Confederation Set of laws to govern the U.S. most power w/ the states

More information

Constitutional Convention

Constitutional Convention Constitutional Convention I INTRODUCTION Constitutional Convention, meeting during the summer of 1787 at which delegates from 12 states wrote the Constitution of the United States. At the convention in

More information

Structure and Functions of the Federal Reserve System

Structure and Functions of the Federal Reserve System Structure and Functions of the Federal Reserve System name redacted Specialist in Macroeconomic Policy December 26, 2012 CRS Report for Congress Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress Congressional

More information

Celebrating 20 Years of the Bank of Mexico s Independence. Remarks by. Ben S. Bernanke. Chairman. Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System

Celebrating 20 Years of the Bank of Mexico s Independence. Remarks by. Ben S. Bernanke. Chairman. Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System For release on delivery 9:00 p.m. EDT (8 p.m. local time) October 14, 2013 Celebrating 20 Years of the Bank of Mexico s Independence Remarks by Ben S. Bernanke Chairman Board of Governors of the Federal

More information

The Nullification Crisis

The Nullification Crisis The Nullification Crisis Warm up With your shoulder partner, you need to discuss the questions posted on the next slide. You will be EXPECTED to go to the board and write your answers. What issue is this

More information

States' Rights and the Economy

States' Rights and the Economy States' Rights and the Economy * * * * * * * * * * * * Focus Question: How did old issues take a new shape in the conflict over a national bank and tariffs? *Jackson believed that common people needed

More information

AP U.S. History Essay Questions, 1994-present. Document-Based Questions

AP U.S. History Essay Questions, 1994-present. Document-Based Questions AP U.S. History Essay Questions, 1994-present Although the essay questions from 1994-2014 were taken from AP exams administered before the redesign of the curriculum, most can still be used to prepare

More information

Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Unit Assessment: War of 1812-Election of 1860. Mark all answers on the Scan Sheet provided. Header: Last name, First name; Class Period; (Subject) 1812-1850 Unit Test; Today s Date 02/03/14 Multiple Choice

More information

Responses to the Great Depression Jigsaw Canada Fact Sheet

Responses to the Great Depression Jigsaw Canada Fact Sheet Responses to the Great Depression Jigsaw Canada Fact Sheet Directions: Study the following information about Canada s response to the effects of the Great Depression. After you have read over this individually,

More information

Name: ANSWER KEY Date: Mod: Years in Office Political Party Progressive Successes of Administration

Name: ANSWER KEY Date: Mod: Years in Office Political Party Progressive Successes of Administration Name: ANSWER KEY Date: Mod: Each of you are now Presidential Historians. In your group, you will be researching and presenting information about the three Progressive Era Presidents Roosevelt, Taft, and

More information

Public Policies and National Elections How effective was government in addressing the problems of America s industrializing economy?

Public Policies and National Elections How effective was government in addressing the problems of America s industrializing economy? 1 2 Politics and Government 1877 1900 The Structure and Style of Politics How did parties shape late-nineteenth-century politics? The Limits of Government What explains the weakness and inefficiency of

More information

Democratic Republican Era

Democratic Republican Era Democratic Republican Era Thomas Jefferson s Administration James Madison s Administration James Monroe s Administration Jefferson Madison Monroe Following the election of 1800, the Democratic Republicans

More information

George Washington, President

George Washington, President Unit 3 SSUSH6 Analyze the challenges faced by the first five presidents and how they r esponded. a. Examine the presidency of Washington, including the precedents he set. George Washington, President George

More information

Origins of American Government. Chapter 2

Origins of American Government. Chapter 2 Origins of American Government Chapter 2 Section 1 Essential Questions 1) What two principles of government came from the English heritage of the colonists? 2) What documents from England influenced the

More information

Chapter 10. The Triumph of White Men s Democracy APUSH, Mr. Muller

Chapter 10. The Triumph of White Men s Democracy APUSH, Mr. Muller Chapter 10 The Triumph of White Men s Democracy APUSH, Mr. Muller Aim: What makes the Jacksonian Democracy different from the previous? Do Now: The political activity that pervades the U.S. must be seen

More information

A. As You Read. B. Reviewing Key Terms. Section 1 Guided Reading and Review Government and the State

A. As You Read. B. Reviewing Key Terms. Section 1 Guided Reading and Review Government and the State 1 Section 1 Guided Reading and Review Government and the State As you read Section 1, fill in the answers to the following questions. 1. What are the four characteristics of a state? a. b. c. d. 2. What

More information

Chapter 7 Creating a Republic Powerpoint Questions ( ) Instructions:

Chapter 7 Creating a Republic Powerpoint Questions ( ) Instructions: Chapter 7 Creating a Republic Powerpoint Questions (1776-1790) Instructions: Use the Creating a Republic class notes and American Nation textbook, Pages 198-219 and your class notes to answer these questions.

More information

Name Period Teacher. Wantagh Middle School 7 th Grade Social Studies Final Exam Review Guide

Name Period Teacher. Wantagh Middle School 7 th Grade Social Studies Final Exam Review Guide Name Period Teacher Wantagh Middle School 7 th Grade Social Studies Final Exam Review Guide 1. How did the earliest people migrate to North America? 2. How did Native Americans use the environment around

More information

CAPPELEN DAMM ACCESS UPDATE: THE PERFECT SLOSH

CAPPELEN DAMM ACCESS UPDATE: THE PERFECT SLOSH CAPPELEN DAMM ACCESS UPDATE: THE PERFECT SLOSH 2 The following article about the American Mid-Term elections in 2010 seeks to explain the surprisingly dramatic swings in the way Americans have voted over

More information

History of American Political Parties

History of American Political Parties History of American Political Parties 1791-2014 FEDERALIST PAPER #10 ABRIDGED The Same Subject Continued The Union as a Safeguard Against Domestic Faction and Insurrection From the New York Packet. Friday,

More information

CHAPTER 28 Progressivism and the Republican Roosevelt,

CHAPTER 28 Progressivism and the Republican Roosevelt, CHAPTER 28 Progressivism and the Republican Roosevelt, 1901 1912 Checklist of Learning Objectives After mastering this chapter, you should be able to: 1. Discuss the origin, leadership, and goals of progressivism.

More information

Hamilton vs. Jefferson A Debate during the Washington Administration

Hamilton vs. Jefferson A Debate during the Washington Administration Hamilton vs. Jefferson A Debate during the Washington Administration A classroom play by Team HOPE Cast List Thomas Jefferson ().....Secretary of State Alexander Hamilton () Secretary of the Treasury Elijah

More information

Direct Democracy. (Ahoto/Nam Y. Huh)

Direct Democracy. (Ahoto/Nam Y. Huh) Direct Democracy Political decisions are made by the people directly, rather than by their elected representatives First democracy comes from Ancient Athens Pericles Funeral Oration: We partake of equality

More information

NAME CLASS DATE. Compare the concepts of strict and liberal constructionism by completing the chart below. Construction of the Constitution

NAME CLASS DATE. Compare the concepts of strict and liberal constructionism by completing the chart below. Construction of the Constitution Section 1 Guided Reading and Review The Scope of Congressional Powers 11 Compare the concepts of strict and liberal constructionism by completing the chart below. Construction of the Constitution Strict

More information

LOREM IPSUM. Book Title DOLOR SET AMET

LOREM IPSUM. Book Title DOLOR SET AMET LOREM IPSUM Book Title DOLOR SET AMET Chapter 8 The Federalist Era With a new constitution in place, George Washington would take the reigns of a fledgling nation. He, along with John Adams and Thomas

More information

Chapter 7, Section 2 Convention and Compromise

Chapter 7, Section 2 Convention and Compromise Chapter 7, Section 2 Convention and Compromise (pages 199 205) Setting a Purpose for Reading Think about these questions as you read: How did the Constitutional Convention break the deadlock over the form

More information

The First American Party System

The First American Party System The First American Party System FEDERALISTS 1. Leaders -John Adams -Alexander Hamilton 2. Views of the Constitution -loose interpretation -strong central government 3. Policies -pro-british -large peacetime

More information

Chapter 5: Political Parties Section 1

Chapter 5: Political Parties Section 1 Chapter 5: Political Parties Section 1 What is a Party? The party organization is the party professionals who run the party at all levels by contributing time, money, and skill. The party in government

More information

ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION TO THE CONSTITUTION

ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION TO THE CONSTITUTION ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION TO THE CONSTITUTION Articles of Confederation The representatives of the thirteen states agree to create a confederacy called the United States of America, in which each state

More information

Quarter One: Unit Four

Quarter One: Unit Four SS.7.C.1.5 Articles of Confederation ****At the end of this lesson, I will be able to do the following: Students will identify the weaknesses of the government under the Articles of Confederation (i.e.,

More information

Chapter 26: The Great West and the Agricultural Revolution, Name (Pages ) Per. Date Row

Chapter 26: The Great West and the Agricultural Revolution, Name (Pages ) Per. Date Row Chapter 26: The Great West and the Agricultural Revolution, Name 1865 1896 (Pages 590 622) Per. Date Row I. Introduction A. White people living out west when Civil War ended in 1865 B. How this had changed

More information

BACKGROUND:Thomas Jefferson was born in Virginia in When his father died in 1757 Jefferson

BACKGROUND:Thomas Jefferson was born in Virginia in When his father died in 1757 Jefferson THOMAS JEFFERSON BACKGROUND:Thomas Jefferson was born in Virginia in 1743. When his father died in 1757 Jefferson inherited a great deal of property. Three years later he entered the College of William

More information

GRADE 8 United States History Growth and Development (to 1877)

GRADE 8 United States History Growth and Development (to 1877) GRADE 8 United States History Growth and Development (to 1877) Course 0470-08 In Grade 8, students focus upon United States history, beginning with a brief review of early history, including the Revolution

More information

The United States Constitution. The Supreme Law of the Land

The United States Constitution. The Supreme Law of the Land The United States Constitution The Supreme Law of the Land Standards SSUSH5 The student will explain specific events and key ideas that brought about the adoption and implementation of the United States

More information

CH.10: POLITICAL PARTIES

CH.10: POLITICAL PARTIES CH.10: POLITICAL PARTIES LEARNING GOAL Student will be able to understand the importance of an informed electorate in evaluating candidates and understand the evolution and impact of political and social

More information

A CONFEDERATION Confederation

A CONFEDERATION Confederation A CONFEDERATION I. Unitary System A. Political power is concentrated in a strong central government. B. It was based on the English government. C. Most Americans were suspicious of this form of government.

More information