Ch. 7 Launching a Nation Study Guide

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1 Ch. 7 Launching a Nation Study Guide Short Answer 1. As secretary of state Thomas Jefferson criticized U.S. policy toward France because he 2. In general, Congress created departments in the executive branch to address what type of policy? 3. Which of the following actions was part of Alexander Hamilton s economic plan? 4. A protective tariff adds a tax to the price of imported goods to protect domestic products from foreign 5. Which statement best expresses George Washington s attitude toward Jay s Treaty? 6. Alexander Hamilton asked each state to start its own bank because he 7. President Washington personally led the militia against the westerners in the Whiskey Rebellion because he believed 8. The electoral college is a 9. People who buy items at low prices and hope to sell them for a profit are called 10. The new federal government in America took actions that would set an example for the future. In George Washington s words, these exemplary actions will serve to establish a 11. Republicans main criticism of the Alien and Sedition Acts was that they 12. Many Americans wanted George Washington to be president because he 13. How was a vice president chosen in 1796? 14. How did New York City represent the spirit of the nation in 1790? 15. In the 1790s, the United States signed a number of treaties that would outline its boundaries and expand its territories. Which of the following is such a treaty? 16. During the presidency of John Adams, three French agents would discuss a treaty with the United States only in exchange for a bribe. The incident came to be known as the 17. The presidential election of 1796 differed from prior American elections because there were 18. The Judiciary Act of 1789 was passed by Cogress to set up a system of federal courts because he believed that the

2 19. Pinckney s Treaty addressed settlers disputes over the Florida border with which country? 20. Why did John Adams face a challenging task as president? 21. Which general led the United States to victory in the Northwest Territory? 22. In his farewell address George Washington warned against 23. The Alien and Sedition Acts were passed by the Federalists to 24. George Washington s statement that America would not take sides in disputes between warring European countries was called the 25. The national debt can best be defined as the amount of money owed 26. On which of the following issues did Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson agree? 27. How did the Whiskey Rebellion end? 28. According to Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, what was a serious flaw in Alexander Hamilton s plan for a national bank? 29. Alexander Hamilton s vision of a robust economy depended on the contributions of business people and manufacturers, but Thomas Jefferson s vision placed greater emphasis on 30. Which statement best characterizes American farmers in 1790? 31. The main threat faced by Americans in the Northwest Territory was 32. According to George Washington in his Farewell Address, what was the key to national success? 33. Which best describes President John Adams s attitude toward going to war with France? 34. Who became vice president as a result of the 1796 election? 35. Which of the following contributed to the Whiskey Rebellion? 36. Some members of Congress criticized George Washington s pronouncement about staying out of disputes between European countries because they felt 37. The first political party division in the United States was between 38. Which of these slogans might a Federalist have shouted at a party rally? 39. Loose construction is best defined as the idea that the

3 40. Alexander Hamilton believed in a flexible interpretation of the Constitution while Thomas Jefferson believed in a 41. The duty of holding a neutral conduct may be inferred from the obligation which justice and humanity impose on every nation to maintain inviolate [unchanging] the relations of peace and amity [friendship] towards other nations. George Washington, from his Farewell Address Which statement accurately paraphrases George Washington s views? Matching Matching a. Alien and Sedition Acts c. Bank of the United States b. Judiciary Act of 1789 d. XYZ Affair 42. Congress enacted its charter in February 1791 to make the economy more stable. 43. established the federal court system and the location of the courts. 44. bribery scandal that caused Federalists in Congress to call for war with France. 45. passed by the Federalist-controlled Congress in 1798 to crush opposition to war. Match each item with the correct statement below. a. Treaty of Greenville b. Pinckney s Treaty c. French Revolution d. Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions e. Jay s Treaty 46. settled disputes between the United States and Britain that arose in the early 1790s 47. settled border and trade disputes between the United States and Spain 48. supported the idea that states could challenge the federal government 49. began on July 14, 1789 with the storming of the Bastille 50. gave the United States claim to most Indian lands in the Northwest Territory

4 Ch. 7 Launching a Nation Study Guide Answer Section SHORT ANSWER 1. believed the United States owed France support since France backed it during the Revolutionary War. 2. national policy 3. taxing domestic goods and adding tariffs to foreign imports 4. competition. 5. He did not like it but believed it was the best that could be done. 6. did not want to allow a monopoly. 7. people needed to understand the constitutional right of Congress to institute tax laws. 8. body of delegates from each state that casts the deciding votes for president. 9. speculators 10. precedent. 11. gave too much power to the government. 12. was seen as an honest leader. 13. He was the presidential candidate who came in second. 14. The city recovered after being damaged during the revolution. 15. the Treaty of Greenville 16. XYZ Affair 17. multiple candidates. 18. stability and success of the national government depended on the interpretation and execution of its laws. 19. Spain

5 20. Adams replaced George Washington whom people adored. 21. Anthony Wayne 22. burdening future generations with debt. 23. protect the government from its critics. 24. Neutrality Proclamation. 25. by the nation to foreign countries and the nation s citizens. 26. whether or not to move the capital 27. Most of the rebels fled before Washington s army arrived. 28. The federal government lacked the authority to create a national bank, making it unconstitutional. 29. farmers. 30. They didn t want government interfering in their daily lives. 31. Native American tribes supplied with guns and ammunition by the British. 32. political unity 33. He refused to declare war despite protests by members of his own party. 34. Thomas Jefferson 35. Farmers could not afford the tax on whiskey. 36. the president was overstepping the bounds of his authority. 37. Democratic-Republicans and Federalists. 38. Central Government over All! 39. federal government can take reasonable actions in special cases as long as they are not specifically forbidden by the Constitution. 40. strict construction. 41. Washington felt any just and humane nation would practice neutrality.

6 MATCHING 42. ANS: C 43. ANS: B 44. ANS: D 45. ANS: A 46. ANS: E 47. ANS: B 48. ANS: D 49. ANS: C 50. ANS: A

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