EUROPEAN MIGRATION NETWORK Annual Report 2016 on Migration and Asylum - Statistical Annex

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1 ROPEAN MIGRATION NETWORK Annual Report 2016 on Migration and Asylum - Statistical Annex A Synsis of Annual Policy Reports 2016 submitted by Member States and Norway Statistical Annex: July 2017 Migration & Home Affairs

2 Contents 1 Common European Asylum System Unaccompanied Minors And Or Vulnerable Groups European Policy On Legal Migration And Integration Securing Europe s External Borders Irregular Migration And Return Actions Addresing Trafficking In Human Beings

3 1 COMMON ROPEAN ASYLUM SYSTEM Table 1: Asylum applications and citizenship of main groups of asylum applicants (2016) MS s & NO - 28 Total applicants No. First group No. % Citizenships of main groups of asylum applicants Second group No. % Third group No. % 1,259,955 Syria 339, , Afghanistan 186, AT 42,255 Afghanistan 11, Syria 8, ,860 7 BE 18,280 Afghanistan 2, Syria 2, ,180 6 BG 19,420 Afghanistan 8, , Syria 2, CY 2,940 Syria 1, Somalia Pakistan CZ 1,475 Ukraine Cuba 85 3 DE 745,155 Syria 268, Afghanistan 127, , DK 6,180 Syria 1, Afghanistan 1, Stateless EE 175 Syria Russia 15 9 EL 51,110 Syria 26, ,810 9 Pakistan 4,695 9 ES 15,755 Venezuela 3, Syria 2, Ukraine 2, FI 5,625 1, Afghanistan Syria FR 84,270 Albania 7,445 9 Sudan 6,170 7 Afghanistan 6,130 7 HR 2,234 Afghanistan Syria HU 29,430 Afghanistan 11, Syria 4, Pakistan 3, IE 2,245 Syria Pakistan Albania IT 122,960 Nigeria 27, Pakistan 13, The Gambia 8,930 7 LT 430 Syria Russia LU 2,160 Syria Albania Kosovo LV 350 Syria Afghanistan Russia 25 7 MT 1,930 Libya Syria Eritrea NL 20,945 Syria 2, Eritrea 1,925 9 Albania 1,700 8 PL 12,305 Russia 8, Ukraine 1, Tajikistan PT 1,460 Syria Eritrea Ukraine RO 1,880 Syria Pakistan 95 5 SE 28,790 Syria 5, Afghanistan 2, , SI 1,310 Afghanistan Syria SK 145 Ukraine Afghanistan Pakistan UK 38,785 Iran 4, Pakistan 3, , NO 3,485 Eritrea Syria Afghanistan Source: Eurostat (migr_asyappctza), extracted on 21 st July 2017 Note: Statistics refer to Extra- 28 and are rounded to nearest five. The table shows top three citizenship groups of asylum applicants, however total may include or citizenship groups. Statistics for HR: indicated numbers were provided by Croatian Ministry of Interior. 3

4 Table 2: First instance decisions per Member State (2016) MSs & NO Total decisions Source: Eurostat (migr_asydcfsta), extracted on 14 th July 2017 (:) statistics not available means not applicable. Positive decisions Geneva Convention Status Of which: Subsidiary Protection Note: Statistics refer to Extra- 28 and are rounded to nearest five. For this reason, parts may not add up to totals. Statistics for HR: indicated numbers were provided by Croatian Ministry of Interior. Humanitarian reasons Rejections -28 1,106, , , ,915 48, ,505 AT 42,415 30,370 24,685 5, ,045 BE 24,960 15,045 11,760 3,290 : 9,915 BG 3,045 1, : 1,700 CY 1,975 1, , CZ 1, DE 631, , , ,695 24, ,180 DK 10,410 7,125 4,275 2, ,285 EE EL 11,455 2,715 2, ,740 ES 10,250 6, , ,395 FI 20,750 7,070 4,320 1,705 1,045 13,685 FR 87,485 28,755 18,715 10,040 : 58,730 HR HU 5, ,675 IE 2, : 1,645 IT 89,875 35,405 4,800 12,090 18,515 54,470 LT LU 1, : 485 LV MT 1,435 1, NL 28,875 20,810 9,740 10, ,065 PL 2, ,185 PT : 270 RO 1, SE 95,770 66,585 16,875 47,210 2,500 29,185 SI : 95 SK UK 30,915 9,935 8, ,315 20,980 NO 19,310 12,775 11, ,535 4

5 Table 3: Number of third country nationals resettled (2016) Number of resettled third country nationals MSs & NO Total Female Male Countries from which TCNs were resettled AT Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey BE Lebanon, Turkey, Jordan, Egypt CY CZ 89* Lebanon, DE 1, Turkey, Lebanon EE Turkey EL / ES Lebanon, Turkey FI Syrian nationals from Turkey and Lebanon FR 1,387 Syrian nationals from Lebanon, Egypt and Turkey, or nationalities from Azerbaijan, DRC, Burundi, Yemen, etc. HR HU Jordan IE , Syria, State of Palestine LT 25 Turkey LU Turkey LV NL NO 3,291 1,675 1,616 SE 1, Buthan, Congo, Central African Republic, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana,, Iran, Pakistan, Rwanda, Sudan, Somalia, Syria, Turkey Lebanon, Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan,, Jordan, Eritrea, Nepal, India, ors Algeria, Burundi, Chad, Congo (DRC), Egypt, Ethiopia, Georgia, Greece, India, Indonesia, Iran,, Israel, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Malawi, Malaysia, Mozambique, Oman, Russia, Rwanda, Serbia, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Uganda, Ukraine, Yemen, Zambia SI SK UK 5,181 2,517 2,664 Syria, Congo (DRC), Ethiopia,, Somalia Source: Statistics provided by EMN National Contact Points. Statistics not provided for BG, DK, IT, MT, PL, PT and RO. means not applicable. means information not available. Note: CZ*: 32 persons were resettled under European Resettlement Scheme and 57 persons were admitted under national humanitarian admission programme (without UNHCR referral) Statistics for UK: The countries indicated refer to top nationalities (information on countries from which TCNs are resettled is not available). 5

6 Table 4: Number of third-country nationals relocated from Greece and Italy (2016) MSs & NO Number of relocated third-country nationals Total Female Male Minor Top 3 countries AT BE Syria, Eritrea, CY Syria, Eritrea, CZ Syria DE 1, Syria, Eritrea, EE Syria,, Yemen EL ES Syria,, Eritrea FI 808 Syria, Eritrea, FR 2, ,066 Syria,, Eritrea HR Syria, Eritrea HU IE Syria, LT 181 Syria,, Stateless persons LU Syria, Eritrea, LV Syria, Eritrea, Iran NL 1, Syria, Eritrea, NO PT Syria, Eritrea, SE SI Syria, Eritrea, SK Syria, UK Source: EMN National Contact Points. Statistics not provided for BG, DK, IT, MT, PL and RO. means not applicable. means statistics not available. Statistics for FI: Disaggregation by sex and age only available for totals of relocated (October April 2017). Statistics for FR: temporary statistics. 6

7 2 UNACCOMPANIED MINORS AND OTHER VULNERABLE GROUPS Table 5: Number of recognised unaccompanied minors applying for asylum (2016) MSs & NO Total Female Male AT 3, ,665 BE 1,033 (p) (p) 895 (p) CY CZ DE 35,939 3,198 32,741 EE ES 28 FI FR HR HU 1, ,211 IE LT LU LV NL 1, ,334 NO PT 24 SE 2, ,764 SI SK UK 3, ,665 Source: EMN National Contact Points. Statistics not provided by BG, DK, IT, PL and RO. means statistics not available. Statistics for BE: (p) = provisional statistics (not all age tests performed yet). Statistics for CY: In addition, 35 unaccompanied minors were granted subsidiary protection. Statistics for FI and SE: All unaccompanied minors apply for asylum. Table 6: Number of recognised unaccompanied minors not applying for asylum (2016) MSs & NO Total Female Male AT BE CY CZ DE EE ES FI FR 8, ,643 HR 331 HU IE LT LU LV NL NO SE SK UK Source: EMN National Contact Points. Statistics not provided by BG, DK, IT, MT, PL, PT and RO. means statistics not available means not applicable. Statistics for FI and SE: All unaccompanied minors apply for asylum. 1 (p)= provisional statistics 7

8 3 ROPEAN POLICY ON LEGAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION Table 7: First residence s by reason (2016) MSs & NO First s (all) Family reasons Education reasons Remunerated activities Or reasons Total Female Male Total Female Male Total Female Male Total Female Male Total Female Male AT 25,579 12,821 12,758 10,804 6,236 4,568 5,397 2,737 2,660 BE 53,096 26,325 6,303 5,181 15,287 CY 19,131 9,928 9,203 3,546 2,245 1,301 3, ,135 7,389 4,840 2,549 4,312 2,094 2,218 CZ DE EE 4,069 1,516 2,553 1, , , , EL 22,978 13,437 9, , ,716 16,650 6,782 9,868 ES 211, ,127 98, ,143 63,584 51,559 35,636 20,619 15,017 38,154 18,292 19,862 22,6 10,632 11,968 FI 20,965 11,744 10,569 8,171 4,857 3,314 6,348 3,405 2,943 5,770 1,706 4, FR 228, , ,431 91,659 53,899 37,760 71,330 37,214 34,116 21,992 6,100 15,892 43,416 19,753 23,663 HR 5,315 1,764 3,551 1,673 1, , , HU 22,842 10,217 12,625 4,730 2,658 2,072 7,874 3,800 4,074 5,851 1,576 4,275 4,387 2,183 2,204 IE LT 8,820 1,600 1,467 4,328 1,425 LU 5,631 2,865 2,766 2,952 1,781 1, , LV 6,002 2,136 3,866 2,109 1, , ,035 1, , NL 95,750 47,007 48,737 24,959 16,056 8,903 16,317 9,038 7,279 14,621 4,985 9,634 39,853 16,928 22,921 NO 44,195 20,945 23,250 15,580 10,180 5,400 5,500 3,490 2,010 7,075 2,170 4,905 16,040 5,105 10,935 SE 150,530 65,819 84,711 39,027 22,279 16,748 10,896 5,293 5,603 24,709 9,228 15,481 75,898 29,019 46,879 SI 13,285 3,626 1, SK 10,304 4,226 6,078 2,607 1,792 3,599 2,306 UK 865,894 89, , , ,022 Source: EMN National Contact Points. Statistics not provided for BG, DK, IT, MT, PL, PT and RO. means statistics not available. means not applicable. Statistics for BE: statistics were extracted from Eurostat on 31 st July

9 Statistics for CY: Or reasons includes following categories of residence s: Special Permits, Permits of THB victims, Permits granted to international protection holders, visitors, Immigration s (permanent s0, Long-term s. Statistics for EE: Preliminary statistics. Statistics for FI: First residence s issued, excluding first s on grounds of international protection. Statistics for NO: or reasons: protection Statistics for SE: "Education reasons" includes family members of international students. "Remunerated activities" includes family members of labour migrants. "Or reasons" mainly includes protection (asylum). Data on UK: The UK does not have residence s in same way as. The data provided on residence s is an estimate and refore not comparable with or Member States. The information provided is mainly based on passengers given leave to enter United Kingdom in selected categories (via landing cards). It is estimated from a subset of information published in Home Office's Immigration statistics January - March 2017 and or management information extracted in May/June Table 7a: First residence Applicable fees, in months and euros (2016) MSs & NO Directive 2003/86 Directive 2004/114 Directive 2003/119 Permit for purpose of family reunification Permit for purpose of studies, pupil exchange, unremunerated training or voluntary service Option 1 Option 2 Option 1 Option 2 Cost Cost Cost Permit for long-term residents Directive 2005/71 Directive 2009/50 Permit for purpose of scientific research Permit for purpose of highly qualified employment (Blue Card) Option 1 Option 2 Option 1 Option 2 AT Cost Cost BE 12 (1) 160 (2) 160 or 215 (3) 0 (2) (4) 215 CY 12 (5) (5) 34, (5) 100 CZ 24 (5) (5) (5) (5) 90 DE (6) EE or- 50 (7) or 80 (7) or 120 (7) 27 EL (27) (28) (2) 150 (29) (4) no fee 400 (2) 150 (29) ES (8) FI 12 FR 12 to or 420 (9) 48 (5) 187 (10) 12 (11) 470 or 420 (9) (12) to or (8) 520 or 420 (9) (5) to or 120 (7) or (8) 520 or 450 (9) 48 (5)

10 MSs & NO Directive 2003/86 Directive 2004/114 Directive 2003/119 Permit for purpose of family reunification Permit for purpose of studies, pupil exchange, unremunerated training or voluntary service Option 1 Option 2 Option 1 Option 2 Cost Cost Cost Permit for long-term residents Directive 2005/71 Directive 2009/50 Permit for purpose of scientific research Permit for purpose of highly qualified employment (Blue Card) Option 1 Option 2 Option 1 Option 2 Cost Cost HR 12 (13) 68 (ca) (14) 12 (5) 68 (ca) (14) ; unpaid and volunteers 108 (ca) (14) 122 (ca) (14) 12 (5) 68 (ca) (14) 24 (5) 108 (ca) (14) HU 60 (5) (5) IE 300 (31) LT 12 (15) 86 (16) (16) 43 (17) (16) (16) LU (18) (18) (18) (19) 80 LV 48 (5) (2) (5) (5) (5) 50 NL 60 (5) (5) (5) (5) (30) 311 NO 36 (5) (5) (5) (5) (5) (20) (20) 100 (ca) 100 (ca) (20) 100 (20) 200 SE (ca) (22) (22) (21) (ca) (ca) SI (5) (5) (5) (5) 50 SK or 135 (23) 72 0 (24) or 100 (25) (26) 24 0 (24) or 170 (23) UK Source: EMN National Contact Points. Statistics not provided for BG, DK, IT, MT, PL, PT and RO. means statistics not available. means not applicable. (1) Renewable (aligned on validity residence principal). (2) Depending on length of reason of stay (studies or research project). (3) Depending if institution is public or private. (4) Renewable (once for 13 months n for 3 years) An additional fee has to be paid for residence to be issued by municipality in Belgium: R (+ local taxes applied by municipalities). (5) Maximum. 10

11 (6) Minimum. (7) Respectively in Estonia and in consulate representations. (8) Depending on salary (9) Respectively paper application and electronic application. Minors: 250 (paper application) and 220 (electronic application) (10) Minor: 168. (11) or length of academic/educational year. (12) maximum and only for students. (13) in exceptional circumstances up to 24 months. (14) plus ca 32 for polycarbonate residence. (15) renewal 24. (16) 172 for urgent processing. (17) 86 for urgent processing. (18) or duration project. (19) Validity contract plus 3 months in case contract is for less than 48 months. (20) The length of s varies, but fee is always same. Some categories of persons do not have to pay any fee. (21) approx. 75 for children under 18. (22) approx. 50 for children under 18. (23) At police department or diplomatic mission, plus 4.50 residence card cost. (24) for purpose of studies, plus 4.50 residence card cost. (25) for purpose of special activity (unremunerated training or voluntary service), respectively at police and diplomatic mission, plus 4.50 residence card cost. (26) At police department only, plus 4.50 residence card cost. (27) Equal to that sponsor. (28) Depending on duration. (29) or years course/project multiplied by 150. (30) third option (study) (31) Immigration Certificate of Registration issued to non-eea nationals

12 Table 7b: First residence Applicable fees, in months and euros (2016) continued Directive 2014/36 Directive 2014/66 Directive 2004/81 Directive 2011/98 MSs & NO Permit for purpose of seasonal employment of Permit for purpose of intracorporate transfer Permit for victims of human trafficking Single to reside and work Option 1 Option 2 Option 1 Option 2 Option 1 Option 2 Option 1 Option 2 of of Cost 1 AT BE CY (24) (24) (24) (24) CZ 36 and 12 (23) 3 to unlimited (24) 12 (1) 0 48 (1) 360 (1) 36 (1) 240 (1) 24 (1) No fees 24 (1) 90 (ca) DE 12 (1) (2) (1) (2) (1) (2) (1) (2) 110 EE 270 days/year (1) days per year (1) (1) 0 (3) EL no fee ES (1) (2) (4) or (5) 60 (1) 10.5 FI (2) (6) 520 or (7) 12 (9) 520 or 450 (7) 48 (8) (9) 0 48 (8) 0 (10) FR HR up to 36 or 48 (11) (12) no fees 12 (1) No fees (13) 10 years no fees (14) (14) HU 3 (1) 40 6 (1) (1) (1) 60 6 (1) 24 (1) 60 IE LT (14) (14) LU 3 (1) 5 (15) N/A N/A 6 no fee 6 no fee LV 6 (1) (16) (12) (1) 60 (1) 99.6 NL 6 (1) (1) (1) (22)

13 MSs & NO NO Directive 2014/36 Directive 2014/66 Directive 2004/81 Directive 2011/98 Permit for purpose of seasonal employment of Permit for purpose of intracorporate transfer Permit for victims of human trafficking Single to reside and work Option 1 Option 2 Option 1 Option 2 Option 1 Option 2 Option 1 Option 2 SE (17) 200 (ca) (18) of of 6 (1) (1) or 12 (1) 0 (17) 200 (ca) (18) Cost 1 (19) no fee (17) 200 (ca) (18) SI (1) (1) 50 SK UK 6 33 or 35 (20) 36 (21) or 170 (20) Source: EMN National Contact Points. Statistics not provided for BG, DK, IT, MT, PL, PT, RO, UK and NO. means statistics not available. means not applicable. * In months; ** in euros. (1) maximum. (2) minimum. (3) The fees and length depends, what is purpose of residence, e. g. is it for study or for family reasons (all fees and lengths are as previously mentioned). All s allow reside and work. (4) Up to 12 months, depending on salary. (5) depending on salary. (6) For seasonal work under 3 months duration --> visa (issued by Ministry for Foreign Affairs); for work over 3 months --> Residence for an employed person, legislative project ongoing to implement Directive 2014/36; proposed maximum length of a residence for seasonal work 7 months. (7) Respectively paper application and electronic application. Minors: 250 (paper application) and 220 (electronic application) (8) maximum, extended after first residence. (9) First residence. (10) No separate category, all residence s include right to reside and work (differences in right to work e.g. limited number of days for students). (11) for intra-corporate transferees. (12) maximum, for trainee employee. (13) No administrative fees, 240 HRK for polycarbonate residence card (14) depending on type of. For administrative fees and cost for national permanent residence, please see same for long-term status. (15) in any given 12 months. (16) managers and specialists. (17) The length of s varies, but fee is always same. (18) For some categories of workers it is reduced to approx. 100,- R. (19) The length of s varies according to circumstances. (20) At police department or diplomatic mission, plus 4.50 residence card cost. (21) The Directive has not been transposed yet, transferees will be issued residence for purpose of work. (22) exceptions are possible depending on job category job applicant. (23) respectively for managers and trainees. (24) tbc. 13

14 Table 7c: First residence Applicable fees, in months and euros (2016) continued MSs & NO Name Or national s - please, specify Cost 1 Option 1 Option 2 of AT Red-White-Red Card (qualified third-country workers) BE CY Humanitarian reasons (article 9bis Immigration Act) limited or unlimited duration (depending on decision of Immigration Office) Medical reasons (article 9ter Immigration Act) 12 (1) 0 Employment (employees, highly qualified) 12 (1) (2) 215 Employed (Self-employed) 12 or 24 (1) (3) 215 Temporary residence and employment (for employment not falling under single directive) CZ long-term residence 24 (4) 90 (ca) DE All residence s 12 (4) (5) 110 EE EL Investment activity ES Residence under Exceptional Circumstances 12 (4) Residence for an employed person FI Residence for a specialist Residence for a professional athlete or coach Residence for a self-employed person Residence for an au pair Residence for remigration (former Finnish citizen, descendant of a native Finnish citizen) or 420 (6) 48 (4) 187 FR HR visitor (no professional activity) 1 year 269 Residence for salaried/seconded employee up to Residence for trainee Residence for independent worker up to Or residence and work s for TCNs Or temporary residence for TCNs National permanent residence for TCNs Up to 12 months, in one certain case up to 24 months Up to 12 months Permanent status 800,00 HRK administrative fee for residence and work and 240,00 HRK cost for polycarbonate residence and work 500,00 HRK administrative fee and 240,00 HRK cost for policarbonate residence 900,00 HRK administrative fee and 240,00 cost of polycarbonat residence 14

15 MSs & NO Name Temporary residence for family members (TCNs) of Croatian nationals Permanent residence for family members (TCNs) of Croatian nationals Or national s - please, specify Cost 1 Up to 5 years Permanent status Option 1 Option 2 240,00 HRK for policarbonate residence 240,00 HRK for policarbonate residence Residence and work certificate 30, 60 or 90 days 150 HRK administrative fee of HU national permanent residence 32 IE Immigration Certificate of Registration 300 LT LU Self-employed worker 36 months (4) Private reasons 36 (4) Young au-pairs 12 (4) 80 LV Any or 60 (4) 99.6 Start-up 12 (4) 311 Self-employment after a for a Start-up 24 (4) 389 Self-employment 24 (4) 1,296 NL Permit for wealthy foreign national (foreign investor) 24 (4) 2,073 Permit for knowledge migrant 60 (4) 881 Permit for orientation year for highly educated persons 12 (4) 622 Permit for medical treatment 12 (4) 985 NO Permanent residence 230 SE Temporary residence for visits to Sweden 100 or 50 (7) SI Well-found up to 5 years 50 SK UK Source: EMN National Contact points. Statistics not provided for BG, DK, IT, MT, PL, PT, RO. means statistics not available. means not applicable. (1) Renewable. (2) aligned to validity of work. (3) aligned to validity of professional card. (4) Maximum. (5) Minimum. (6) Respectively paper application and electronic application. Minors: 250 (paper application) and 220 (electronic application). (7) Respectively for adults and minors. 15

16 Table 8: Unemployment rate of third-country nationals and total unemployment rate, aged by Member State, Annual rate in percent (2015 and 2016) MSs & NO Total unemployment rate 2015 TCNs' unemployment rate 2015 Total Male Female Total Male Female Total unemployment rate 2016 TCNs' unemployment rate AT BE BG CY CZ DE DK EE EL ES FI FR HR HU IE IT LT LU LV MT NL PL PT RO SE SI SK UK NO Source: Eurostat (lfsa_urgan), extracted on 17 th July means statistics not available 16 16

17 Table 9: Rate of TCNs early leavers from education and training (from 18 to 24 years) ( ) % of TCNs early leavers from education and training (from 18 to 24 years) MSs & NO % % % AT BE CY CZ DE DK EL ES FR IT NL PT 24.2 SE SI UK NO Source: Eurostat (edat_lfse_01), extracted on 14 th July Note: No statistics available for BG, EE, FI, HR, HU, IE, LT, LV, MT, PL, RO, SK. means statistics not available. The numerator indicator refers to persons aged 18 to 24 who meet following two conditions: (a) highest level of education or training y have completed is ISCED 2011 level 0, 1 or 2 (ISCED 1997: 0, 1, 2 or 3C short) and (b) y have not received any education or training (i.e. neir formal nor nonformal) in four weeks preceding survey. The denominator in total population consists same age group, excluding respondents who have not answered questions highest level of education or training successfully completed and participation in education and training. Table 10: Rate of TCN at risk of poverty or social exclusion by broad group of citizenship (population aged 18 and over) ( ) MSs & NO AT BE CY 49.9 CZ DE 42.8 DK EE 34.8 EL ES FI FR 47.5 HR IE 41.0 IT 50.9 LT 44.5 LU 46.4 LV MT 31.2 NL PL 6.3 PT 51.0 SE SI UK 34.8 NO Source: Eurostat. (ilc_peps05), extracted on 17 th July 2017 Note: No statistics available for BG, HU, RO and SK for 2015 or

18 4 SECURING ROPE S EXTERNAL BORDERS Table 11: Visas issued (2016) MSs & NO Total visa (Schengen) short stay Visas (so called A and C visas, latter including LTV visas stays of up to 90 days) Issued to third country nationals coming directly from a third country Issued to third country nationals resident in anor Member State If only totals available please insert here Issued to third country nationals coming directly from a third country National Visas (so called D visas) Issued to third country nationals resident in anor Member State If only totals available please insert here AT 299, ,996 28,006 BE 210, ,443 (1) 28,997 CY 91,800 91,800 CZ 484, ,885 3, ,683 12,167 1,537 13,704 DE EE 124, , ,123 3, ,087 EL 985,560 11,858 ES 1,719,345 1,584, ,061 FI 540, , FR 3,089,782 2,547, ,155 2,890, ,254 13, ,005 HR 64,210 HU 297, ,139 2,447 12, IE 104,572 73,050 13,995 87,045 16, ,527 LT 433, ,937 17,161 LU 13,233 1,664 LV 169, , , NL 498,713 (issued at consulates); 13,619 (issued at border) PT SE 202, ,347 4,735 SI 22,085 20, ,

19 MSs & NO Total visa (Schengen) short stay Visas (so called A and C visas, latter including LTV visas stays of up to 90 days) Issued to third country nationals coming directly from a third country Issued to third country nationals resident in anor Member State If only totals available please insert here Issued to third country nationals coming directly from a third country National Visas (so called D visas) Issued to third country nationals resident in anor Member State If only totals available please insert here SK 63,553 61, ,528 0 UK 2,476,486 NO 180, , Source: EMN National Contact Points. No statistics provided for BG, DK, IT, MT, PL and RO. means statistics not available. means not applicable. Please note that Ireland and United Kingdom are non-schengen countries. Statistics for BE: Visa A: 39, Visa C: 181,404 Statistics for CZ: In addition, 26 "C" visas were issued at airports Czech Republic. Statistics for FR: Statistics for 2016 are temporary. Statistics for HR: Visa type D does not exist in Croatian legislation. TCNs resident in anor Member State (within Schengen area) do not need a visa to enter Croatia. Statistics for HU: 284,586 for Visa C and 13,026 for Visa D. Statistics for IE: C visas issued by Ireland are non-schengen. Statistics for LV: It is not possible to determine if a visa was issued to a TCN who resides in anor MS. The statistics shown in respective columns indicates number of visas issued by visa authorities in Latvia and in embassies located in or Schengen countries. Statistics for UK: Schengen Visas and D visas do not exist in UK. Total is for all visas in 2016 taken from Home Office Immigration Statistics. 19

20 5 IRREGULAR MIGRATION AND RETURN Table 12: The fight against facilitation of irregular migration ( smuggling ) (2016) MSs & NO Number of third country nationals identified as smuggled persons Number of reflection periods provided to smuggled persons (Directive 2004/81/EC) Number of residence s granted to smuggled persons (Directive 2004/81/EC) Total Female Male Total Female Male Total Female Male Number of smugglers arrested as suspects & convicted Arrested/ detained Convicted AT 27,850 6,780 21,070 BE CY CZ DE EE EL ES 10, ,022 FI FR 7,976 1,186 HR 167 IE LT LU LV NL PT 40 SE SI 53 SK */10 4** UK NO Source: EMN National Contact Points. No statistics provided by BG, DK, HU, IT, MT, PL and RO. means not applicable. means statistics not available. Statistics for BE: Please note that: 1) The total number of third country nationals (13) refers to (non-) persons entered in procedure but not yet formally identified as smuggled persons, and 2) 127 convictions for smuggling in human beings reported in 2016 relate to incrimination for smuggling in human beings which includes financial gain as an element definition. Besides this Belgian law foresees anor incrimination sanctioning people facilitating irregular migration (stay, transit, residence). Statistics for CZ: 30 persons in total were prosecuted in relation to facilitation of irregular migration: 14 persons for assisting in unauthorised stay in territory Czech Republic and 16 persons for organising and facilitation of unauthorised crossing of state border. 41 persons were convicted for facilitation of irregular migration: 11 persons for assisting in unauthorised stay in territory Czech Republic + 30 persons for organising and facilitation of unauthorised crossing of state borders. Statistics for FR: The number of third-country nationals identified as smuggled persons is not recorded by Central Directorate of Border Police (only number of smugglers and networks are recorded). The number of residence s granted to smuggled persons is not recorded (residence s are recorded for victims of trafficking persons were sued and 1186 persons convicted for facilitating illegal entry and stay (figures for 2015). Statistics for NL: Smuggled persons: on this list number of smuggled persons is less than number of apprehended smugglers. Firstly, this list only concerns figures from Royal Nerlands Marechaussee. There is no information is available from National Police on this subject. Secondly, role smuggled persons is not always properly recorded in our information systems; refore numbers are not fully complete.. Number of reflection periods: we do not record any information se numbers in our information systems. Number of arrested smugglers: results National Police are included within se numbers. They have arrested a total of 97 smugglers. 20

21 Number of convicted human traffickers: this number is not related to number of arrested suspects. The investigation and prosecution of human traffickers often is a lengthy process. This number can refore relate to findings in 2015, which only lead to conviction in Additionally, a part number of arrested human traffickers will appear in court in Statistics for NO: Numbers are per 28 th April 2017 and are not final numbers for Statistics for SE: In 2016, Swedish Police accused a total of 225 persons of smuggling third-country nationals into Sweden. If a suspected smuggler is a Swedish resident, he/she is normally not arrested or detained. Swedish authorities assume that most people coming to Sweden to apply for asylum have made use of facilitators/smugglers to enter European Union territory. Statistics for SK: * The number of persons suspected from migrant smuggling as a criminal offence. **The number of persons against whom criminal prosecution was started. 21

22 Table 13: Third-country nationals returned (by nationality (top 5) and gender) MSs & NO Returned as part of forced return measures Total F M Minor nationalities countries of Return Total F M Returned voluntarily Min or nationalities countries of Return Among TCNs returned voluntarily, number of TCNs returned as part of an assisted return programme Total F M Minor nationalities countries of Return AT Albania Morocco Ukraine Ukraine BE 2,628 Brazil 4,725 Brazil 3,549 Brazil Afghanistan Albania Russia Pakistan Russia Afghanistan Vietnam Vietnam Vietnam Sri Lanka Sri Lanka India India Vietnam Vietnam Vietnam India India CY 874 India India 163 Philippines Philippines 106 Philippines Philippines Philippines Philippines Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Bangladesh Bangladesh CZ DE 26,65 4 EE EL 12, Egypt Egypt Bangladesh Bangladesh Sri Lanka Sri Lanka IOM IOM Ukraine Ukraine Ukra Ukra ine ine 238 Viet Ukrain Viet Ukrain Vietnam Vietnam nam e nam e ** (IOM) Mold Azerba Mold Azerba Kyrgyzstan Russia 8 * * 2 * * 64 ova ijan ova ijan Moldova Kyrgyzstan (RFA) Uzbe Uzbe Georgi Georgi kista kista a a n n Russia Moldova Russ Armen Russ Armen ia ia ia ia Albania Albania Albania Albania Kosovo Kosovo Serbia Serbia 21,1 32,81 Serbia Serbia 54, FYROM FYROM Kosovo Kosovo Bosnia Italy FYROM FYROM Vietnam Vietnam Russia Ukraine Ukraine Russia Russia Ukraine USA USA Ukraine United States Palestine Lebanon Ukraine Georgia Armenia Armenia Belarus Belarus Georgia Georgia Albania Albania 1,09 Afghanistan Afghanistan 4,10 Afghanistan Afghanistan 6,153 4, ,153 1, Pakistan Turkey 1 Morocco Morocco 5 Morocco Morocco RFA** * RFA *** 22

23 MSs & NO Returned as part of forced return measures Total F M Minor nationalities countries of Return Total F M Returned voluntarily Min or nationalities countries of Return Among TCNs returned voluntarily, number of TCNs returned as part of an assisted return programme Total F M Minor nationalities countries of Return Morocco Pakistan Morocco Pakistan Pakistan Pakistan Pakistan Afghanistan Georgia Iran Iran Iran Iran Paraguay idem Honduras idem Colombia idem Paraguay idem ES 1, Bolivia idem Colombia idem Honduras idem Bolivia idem Ecuador Idem Brazil idem 2,035 Albania Albania 522 Algeria Afghanistan 498 Afghanistan Afghanistan 919 Algeria Algeria 521 Afghanistan Algeria 384 China China FR 642 Morocco Morocco 464 Morocco China 235 Albania Albania 589 Tunisia Tunisia 423 China Albania 172 Algeria Algeria 84 China Italy 334 Albania Morocco 164 Kosovo Kosovo Russia FI 2, , Russia Russia Russia Afghanistan Afghanistan 1,13 Albania Turkey 1, Ukraine Turkey 1, , Albania Albania 1 Kosovo Albania Thailand Ukraine Russia Kosovo India Kosovo Belarus Thailand Kosovo BiH Kosovo BiH Albania Albania HR BiH Serbia Turkey FYROM Serbia Kosovo Ukraine Ukraine Serbia Serbia HU 612 Kosovo Kosovo Albania Moldova Turkey Georgia IE LT 177 LU Nigeria Brazil China Pakistan Malawi Ghana Malawi South Africa Brazil Malaysia Mauritius Albania/Sout h Africa Bangladesh Vietnam Belarus Ukraine Ukraine Belarus Ukraine Belarus Belarus Georgia Russia Azerbaijan Azerbaijan 1, Russia Tajikistan Russia Russia Armenia,, Armenia,, Ukraine Kyrgyzstan Kazakhstan Kazakhstan Albania Albania Kosovo Kosovo Kosovo Kosovo Kosovo Kosovo Albania Albania Montenegro Montenegro BiH BiH Ukraine Ukraine BiH BiH Brazil Brazil Serbia/Nigeri Serbia/Niger Serbia Serbia Iran Iran a ia Brazil Albania 23

24 MSs & NO Returned as part of forced return measures Total F M Minor LV NL 5,520 SE 1, , SI 173 SK UK 12,19 3 1,170 11, NO 3, , nationalities countries of Return Total F M Returned voluntarily Min or nationalities countries of Return Among TCNs returned voluntarily, number of TCNs returned as part of an assisted return programme Total F M Minor nationalities countries of Return Vietnam Vietnam Russia Russia Russia Russia Vietnam Vietnam Ukraine Ukraine Ukraine Ukraine 1,027 Ukraine Ukraine * Uzbekistan Uzbekistan Pakistan Pakistan Belarus Belarus Moldova Moldova Azerbaijan Azerbaijan Uzbekistan Uzbekistan Georgia Georgia Albania Albania Albania Syria Ukraine Ukraine 6,470 4,640 India Serbia Mongolia Afghanistan Mongolia Serbia Albania Albania Serbia Serbia Albania Albania Kosovo Kosovo 6,77 2,13 Afghanistan Afghanistan 9,683 2,910 Georgia Georgia 3 7 Iran Serbia BiH BiH Serbia Iran Kosovo Bosnia and Herzegovina Albania Serbia Afghanistan Bosnia and Kosovo Herzegovina Iran Serbia Macedonia Tunisia Syria India Ukraine Ukraine Ukraine Ukraine Ukraine Vietnam Serbia Algeria, Algeria, Ukraine Ukraine Georgia Austria, Cuba, Peru, Cuba, Peru, Moldova Algeria Hungary Thailand Thailand Afghanistan, Afghanistan, Serbia Brazil, India, Brazil, India, Albania, 1, Algeria Russia Iran, Russia, Iran, Russia, Vietnam Turkey, Turkey, Vietnam Vietnam Russia India, Macedonia Russia Peru, Cuba, Thailand Albania, Belarus, Egypt, Philippines, USA India Albania, Belarus, Egypt, Philippines, USA India Albania Albania India India Romania Romania Pakistan, Pakistan Pakistan Pakistan 24,20 14,8 Poland, Poland China China 1, India India Nigeria Nigeria Nigeria Nigeria Pakistan Pakistan Bangladesh Bangladesh Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Albania Albania Afghanistan Afghanistan Afghanistan Afghanistan Russia Russia 1, Iran Iran Serbia Serbia Lebanon Lebanon Stateless Russia 24

25 Source: EMN National Contact Points. Statistics not provided for BG, DK, IT, MT, PL, PT and RO. These statistics do not include return based on orders to leave issued at border. Statistics for CZ: * This category includes foreigners returned as part of an assisted return programme of IOM (in cooperation with Directorate of Alien Police Service) and of Refugee Facilities Administration (programme for asylum applicants). ** These statistics do not reflect total number of persons who left territory Czech Republic within specified period of time given for voluntary departure, it is not possible to provide TOP 5 nationalities se foreigners. *** Refugee Facilities Administration Statistics for DE: Statistics for AVR(R) only includes federal program "REAG/GARP". Numbers on returnees who got supported by AVR(R)-programs in Länder or on local level are not included. Statistics for EE: Assisted throughout IOM implemented Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration Programme. Statistics for ES: Note that although 964 are returnees through AVRP, actually rest (until 1.845) can be considered as AVR because y return under APRE program, which promotes VR through possibility to get unemployment benefits (a percentage) once y have returned to his/her country. Statistics for LV: *minors travelled with parents. Statistics for NL: The categories forced, voluntary and assisted return do not come from same source and refore do not add up to a total. Statistics for NO: In available statistics, Norway does not distinguish between voluntarily returned and assisted returned. The statistics concerning forced and voluntary return is generated from common data warehouse Ministry of Security and Justice (statistics from several national organizations combined). Toger it adds up to number of Effective returns of Third Country Nationals (TCNs). These effective returns concern returns to country of origin as well as returns to or third countries (se categories cannot yet be distinguished) and to Member States (as Dublin returns cannot yet be excluded). Nor can gender and minority be distinguished yet. 25

26 6 ACTIONS ADDRESING TRAFFICKING IN HUMAN BEINGS Table 14: Third-country nationals identified and presumed victims of trafficking in human beings by gender, age and form of exploitation (2016) MSs & NO Total number of TCNs identified as victims of trafficking in human beings in 'Presumed to be victims are shown in brackets. Over 18 years of age Age Under 18 years of age Forms of exploitation Sexual exploitation Labour exploitation Or forms Top 3 citizenships Total Female Male Total Female Male Total Female Male Total Female Male Total Female Male Total Female Male AT BE CY Nigeria, Serbia, Georgia Nigeria, Morocco, Egypt Romani, Bulgaria, Cameroon/Latvia CZ (2) (2) (0) (2) (2) (0) (1) () () (2) EE Vietnam, Russia ES FI Nigeria FR HR Afghanistan, Pakistan, Thailand IE Nigeria, Brazil, Pakistan/Zimbabwe LT Columbia LU 5 (1) 4 (1) 1 (0) 3 (1) 2 (1) 1 (0) 2 (0) 2 (0) China, Guinea 1 3 (1) 3 (0) 0 (0) 2 (0) 1 (0) 1 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) Bissau, Pakistan, (0) Albania LV NL SE (82) (26) (96) SI Serbia, Moldova, Ukraine SK 0 (1) 0 (0) 0 (1) 0 (1) 0 (0) 0 (1) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (1) 0 (0) 0 (1) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) confidential statistics NO (2) (0) (0) (0) (0) (0) (0) (0) () 26

27 MSs & NO Total number of TCNs identified as victims of trafficking in human beings in 'Presumed to be victims are shown in brackets. Over 18 years of age Age Under 18 years of age Forms of exploitation Sexual exploitation Labour exploitation Or forms Top 3 citizenships Total Female Male Total Female Male Total Female Male Total Female Male Total Female Male Total Female Male UK 2,868 1, , Albania, Vietnam, Nigeria Source: EMN National Contact Points. means information not available. means not applicable. Statistics not provided for BG, DE, DK, EL, HU, MT, PL and PT. Statistics for BE: The total provided (89) represents number of (non-) persons entered in procedure but not yet formally identified as victims. Statistics for CZ: Statistics available only regarding presumed victims. These statistics express only number of third country nationals included in Programme of Support and Protection Victims of Trafficking in Human Beings. Statistics for DE: Figures for 2016 will be published in autumn Statistics for FI: on presumed victims for Statistics for FR: No information is available for presumed victims of THB in France as information on this status depend on elements collected during police investigation. Figures related to victims of sexual exploitation are collected in framework of police inquiries and dot no record victims identified under category of aggravated procuring. Labour exploitation covers various offences related to adults (forced labour, reduction to servitude or slavery, exploitation of begging). Statistics for IE: Figures refer to "alleged victims" reported to our relevant authority (An Garda Síochána). Statistics for LU: For two presumed victims we do not know ir nationality. They are not included in table. Statistics for NO: Complete figures are not yet available. EEA citizens are included. Statistics for SE: Trafficking in human beings for purpose of begging was found to be one main forms of exploitation in Statistics for UK: The total provided represents number of (non-) persons referred to procedure but not yet formally identified as victims. Taken from National Referral Mechanism statistics end of year summary

28 Table 15: Total number of reflection periods granted to victims of trafficking in human beings (2016) MSs & NO Total number of reflection periods granted 2016 Total number of residence s requested 2016 Total number of residence s granted 2016 According to Directive 2004/81/EC National provisions TOTAL According to Directive 2004/81/EC National provisions TOTAL According to Directive 2004/81/EC National provisions TOTAL Total Female Male Total Female Male Total Female Male Total Female Male Total Female Male Total Female Male AT BE CY CZ (NRM) (NRM) * EE ES FI FR IE HR LT LU LV NO SE 9 16 SK * 231 ** 26 *** Source: EMN National Contact Points. means information not available. means not applicable. Statistics not provided for BG, DE, DK, EL, HU, IT, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SI and UK. Statistics for CZ: Statistics from Security Policy and Crime Prevention Department Ministry Interior Czech Republic; NRM - Reflection period granted to TCN within Programme for Support and Protection to Victims of THB; * 0 new requests, 1 person requested prolongation of his/her which was issued in previous years. 28

29 Statistics for FR: Provisional statistics. These figures concern all third-country national victims of trafficking, including smuggled persons and victims of all forms of exploitation as long as y fulfil conditions said Directive. The number of residence s requested is not recorded. *This includes 72 first applications and 185 renewal applications; ** This includes 63 first applications and 168 renewal applications; *** This includes 9 first applications and 17 renewal applications. Statistics for IE: Figures refer to number of s issued in 2016 under Administrative Immigration Arrangements. Along with long term '2 year' permissions, se figures also include '6 month' temporary permission to remain, refore a victim may be issued more than one permission in reference year. Hence se figures refer to 's issued' rar than 'persons issued with s.' Statistics for NO: EEA citizens are included. Statistics for SE: Of total of 25 persons that were granted a reflection period or a residence in 2016, 16 were female and 9 were male. 5 were children under age of 18. Please note that no difference can be made between s granted in accordance with Directive 2004/81/EC and national provisions. 29

30 2016 APR Statistical Annex Table 16: Number of traffickers arrested and convicted (2016) MSs & NO Traffickers arrested as suspects and traffickers convicted Arrested / orwise involved in a criminal proceeding Convicted AT 98 BE 125 CZ 15 8 DE 1,008 EE ES 234 FI 23 6 FR HR 34 IE 35 7 LT LU 8 8 LV 3 4 NL NO 40 0 SE 7 6 SI 15 SK 57*/34** 4 UK Source: EMN National Contact Points. means not available. means not applicable. Statistics not provided for BG, CY, DK, HU, IT, MT, PL, PT, RO. Statistics for BE: Based on January 2016 extraction from conviction database (Justice Department), 125 offenders were convicted for THB in 2016 (final convictions). Statistics for EE: Article Penal Code is 133, up to April 2012 article was called "enslaving, since n "trafficking"". Arrested / orwise involved in a criminal proceeding means cases prosecuted and persons sent to court, also prosecutions terminated. Statistics for LT: These figures include arrested / convicted for trafficking Lithuanian citizens. Statistics for NO: Numbers are per and are not final numbers for Statistics for SE: The number given under "arrested / orwise involved in a criminal proceeding" refers to number of persons that were prosecuted for trafficking in human beings. Statistics for SK: * The number of suspected persons listed in proposals for prosecution out of which 34 persons were indicted on charges of human trafficking in **The number of persons indicted on charges of human trafficking in

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