Table of country-specific HIV/AIDS estimates and data, end 2001

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1 Report on the global HIV/AIDS epidemic 2002 Table of country-specific HIV/AIDS estimates and data, end 2001 Global surveillance of HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is a joint effort of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS). The UNAIDS/WHO Working Group on Global HIV/AIDS and STI Surveillance, initiated in 1996, is the main coordination and implementation mechanism through which UNAIDS and WHO compile the best information available and help improve the quality of data needed for informed decision-making and planning at national, regional and global levels. The estimates contained in this table are a product of the Working Group, and they are derived in close collaboration with national AIDS programmes and many other partners. 189

2 UNAIDS 1. Estimated number of people 2. Children 3. AIDS 4. Population living with HIV/AIDS, end 2001 orphaned by deaths 2001 AIDS (thousands) Adults Orphans (0 14) Deaths Adults and Adults (15 49) Women Children currently Adults and Adults Country children (15 49) rate (%) (15 49) (0 14) living children Total (15 49) Global total 40,000,000 37,100, ,500,000 3,000,000 14,000,000 3,000,000 6,119,328 3,198,252 Sub-Saharan Africa 28,500,000 26,000, ,000,000 2,600,000 11,000,000 2,200, , ,310 Angola 350, , ,000 37, ,000 24,000 13,527 5,767 Benin 120, , ,000 12,000 34,000 8,100 6,446 2,929 Botswana 330, , ,000 28,000 69,000 26,000 1, Burkina Faso 440, , ,000 61, ,000 44,000 11,856 5,046 Burundi 390, , ,000 55, ,000 40,000 6,502 2,887 Cameroon 920, , ,000 69, ,000 53,000 15,203 7,065 Central African Republic 250, , ,000 25, ,000 22,000 3,782 1,722 Chad 150, , ,000 18,000 72,000 14,000 8,135 3,570 Comoros Congo 110,000 99, ,000 15,000 78,000 11,000 3,110 1,364 Côte d Ivoire 770, , ,000 84, ,000 75,000 16,349 7,854 Dem. Republic of Congo 1,300,000 1,100, , , , ,000 52,522 22,073 Djibouti Equatorial Guinea 5,900 5, , Eritrea 55,000 49, ,000 4,000 24, ,816 1,760 Ethiopia 2,100,000 1,900, ,100, , , ,000 64,459 28,952 Gabon , Gambia 8,400 7, , , , Ghana 360, , ,000 34, ,000 28,000 19,734 9,700 Guinea ,274 3,868 Guinea-Bissau 17,000 16, ,300 1,500 4,300 1,200 1, Kenya 2,500,000 2,300, ,400, , , ,000 31,293 15,333 Lesotho 360, , ,000 27,000 73,000 25,000 2, Liberia ,108 1,518 Madagascar 22,000 21, ,000 1,000 6, ,437 7,538 Malawi 850, , ,000 65, ,000 80,000 11,572 5,118 Mali 110, , ,000 13,000 70,000 11,000 11,677 5,096 Mauritania ,747 1,268 Mauritius < <100 1, Mozambique 1,100,000 1,000, ,000 80, ,000 60,000 18,644 8,511 Namibia 230, , ,000 30,000 47,000 13,000 1, Niger ,227 4,831 Nigeria 3,500,000 3,200, ,700, ,000 1,000, , ,929 53,346 Rwanda 500, , ,000 65, ,000 49,000 7,949 3,756 Senegal 27,000 24, ,000 2,900 15,000 2,500 9,662 4,521 Sierra Leone 170, , ,000 16,000 42,000 11,000 4,587 2,093 Somalia 43,000 43, ,157 4,015 South Africa 5,000,000 4,700, ,700, , , ,000 43,792 23,666 Swaziland 170, , ,000 14,000 35,000 12, Togo 150, , ,000 15,000 63,000 12,000 4,657 2,152 Uganda 600, , , , ,000 84,000 24,023 10,290 United Rep. of Tanzania 1,500,000 1,300, , , , ,000 35,965 16,701 Zambia 1,200,000 1,000, , , , ,000 10,649 4,740 Zimbabwe 2,300,000 2,000, ,200, , , ,000 12,852 5,972 East Asia & Paci c 1,000, , ,000 3,000 85,000 35,000 1,497, ,058 China 850, , ,000 2,000 76,000 30,000 1,284, ,031 Dem. People s Rep. of Korea ,428 11,876 Fiji < Hong Kong 2,600 2, <100-0 <100 6,961 4,134 Japan 12,000 12,000 <0.1 6, , ,335 59,109 Mongolia <100 <100 < ,559 1,416 Papua New Guinea 17,000 16, , , ,920 2,491 Republic of Korea 4,000 4,000 < <100 1, ,069 27,558 Australia & New Zealand 15,000 14, ,000 <200 <1000 <100 23,146 11,845 Australia 12,000 12, <100 19,338 9,933 New Zealand 1,200 1, < <100 3,808 1,

3 Report on the global HIV/AIDS epidemic Ranges of uncertainty around estimates 6. HIV prevalence rate (%) in young people (15 24) Adults and children Deaths in adults (15 49) Deaths in children (0 14) Female Male living with HIV/AIDS, end Low High Low High Low High Low High Low High Country estimate estimate estimate estimate estimate estimate estimate estimate estimate estimate Global total 30,000,000 50,000,000 1,800,000 3,000, , , Sub-Saharan Africa 22,000,000 35,000,000 1,300,000 2,300, , , Angola 250, ,000 12,000 20,000 5,400 9, Benin 100, ,000 4,700 7,000 1,800 2, Botswana 260, ,000 17,000 26,000 3,900 5, Burkina Faso 350, ,000 26,000 39,000 9,400 14, Burundi 280, ,000 21,000 37,000 8,100 14, Cameroon 740,000 1,100,000 31,000 47,000 11,000 17, Central African Republic 200, ,000 14,000 21,000 3,900 5, Chad 96, ,000 6,600 14,000 2,200 4, Comoros Congo 74, ,000 5,500 11,000 1,900 4, Côte d Ivoire 620, ,000 47,000 71,000 13,000 19, Dem. Republic of Congo 960,000 1,700,000 63, ,000 25,000 45, Djibouti Equatorial Guinea 3,800 8, < Eritrea 40,000 70, <100 < Ethiopia 1,500,000 2,700,000 84, ,000 33,000 58, Gabon Gambia 5,400 11, < Ghana 260, ,000 16,000 30,000 3,800 5, Guinea Guinea-Bissau 11,000 23, , Kenya 2,000,000 3,000, , ,000 33,000 50, Lesotho 230, ,000 13,000 28,000 3,100 6, Liberia Madagascar 18,000 26, Malawi 720,000 1,100,000 48,000 72,000 16,000 24, Mali 73, ,000 5,200 11,000 1,800 3, Mauritania Mauritius <100 < Mozambique 860,000 1,500,000 50,000 80,000 10,000 25, Namibia 150, ,000 7,900 12,000 2,600 3, Niger Nigeria 2,800,000 4,200, , ,000 41,000 61, Rwanda 400, ,000 29,000 44,000 10,000 15, Senegal 21,000 32,000 1,500 2, Sierra Leone 110, ,000 5,200 11,000 2,100 4, Somalia 28,000 58, South Africa 4,000,000 6,000, , ,000 26,000 48, Swaziland 130, ,000 7,600 11,000 2,000 3, Togo 120, ,000 7,400 11,000 2,300 3, Uganda 480, ,000 48,000 72,000 19,000 29, United Rep. of Tanzania 1,200,000 1,700,000 86, ,000 25,000 37, Zambia 930,000 1,400,000 70, ,000 22,000 34, Zimbabwe 1,800,000 2,700, , ,000 35,000 52, East Asia & Paci c 700,000 1,300,000 24,000 44,000 1,200 2, China 800,000 1,500,000 23,000 42, , Dem. People s Rep. of Korea Fiji Hong Kong 2,100 3,200 <100 <100 <100 < Japan 9,300 14, <100 < Mongolia Papua New Guinea 11,000 22, ,100 < Republic of Korea 3,200 4, <100 < Australia & New Zealand 10,000 18,000 < <100 < Australia 9,600 14,000 <100 <100 <100 < New Zealand 960 1,400 <100 <100 <100 <

4 UNAIDS 7. HIV prevalence (%), selected populations Women in antenatal care clinics: Women in antenatal care clinics: Male STI patients: Female sex workers: urban areas outside major urban areas major urban areas major urban areas Country Year Median Min. Max. Year Median Min. Max. Year Median Min. Max. Year Median Min. Max. Global total Sub-Saharan Africa Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Côte d Ivoire Dem. Republic of Congo Djibouti Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Swaziland Togo Uganda United Rep. of Tanzania Zambia Zimbabwe East Asia & Paci c China Dem. People s Rep. of Korea Fiji Hong Kong Japan Mongolia Papua New Guinea Republic of Korea Australia & New Zealand Australia New Zealand Note: For key to letters used after gures, see page

5 7. HIV prevalence (%) 8. Knowledge and behaviour indicators con t. Report on the global HIV/AIDS epidemic 2002 Don t know that a healthy-looking person Reported higher-risk Reported condom use Injecting drug users: can be infected with Median age at rst sex sex for adults (15 49) for adults (15 24) major urban areas HIV/AIDS (%) (15 24) (20 24) in the last year (%) at last higher-risk sex (%) Country Year Median Min. Max. Female Year Male Female Year Male Female Year Male Female Year Global total Sub-Saharan Africa Angola Benin k Botswana a Burkina Faso rw 7.7 r hr 42.4 hr 1999 Burundi Cameroon hr 2.7 hr 1998 Central African Republic h 1995 Chad w hr 1.6 hr 1997 Comoros h 21.7 h 1996 Congo Côte d Ivoire hr 1.0 hr 1998 Dem. Republic of Congo Djibouti Equatorial Guinea Eritrea w Ethiopia xw 8.2 x Gabon h 31.7 h 2000 Gambia Ghana r 14.3 r 1998 Guinea r 17.6 r 1999 Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia b Madagascar x 7.1 x x 0.3 x 2000 Malawi x 9.4 x Mali h 11.7 h 1996 Mauritania x Mauritius a a 1996 Mozambique Namibia Niger w h 1.5 h 1998 Nigeria Rwanda w 20.3 z h 14.7 h 2000 Senegal u 10.0 u h 45.0 h 1997 Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa > 50.0 c Swaziland Togo w h 17.3 h 1998 Uganda z x 14.1 x h 37.8 h 2000 United Rep. of Tanzania w r 22.8 r 1999 Zambia x 29.3 x Zimbabwe w East Asia & Paci c China Dem. People s Rep. of Korea Fiji Hong Kong Japan Mongolia Papua New Guinea Republic of Korea Australia & New Zealand Australia New Zealand

6 UNAIDS 1. Estimated number of people 2. Children 3. AIDS 4. Population living with HIV/AIDS, end 2001 orphaned by deaths 2001 AIDS (thousands) Adults Orphans (0 14) Deaths Adults and Adults (15 49) Women Children currently Adults and Adults Country children (15 49) rate (%) (15 49) (0 14) living children Total (15 49) South & South-East Asia 5,600,000 5,400, ,000, ,000 1,800, ,000 1,978,430 1,031,463 Afghanistan ,474 10,435 Bangladesh 13,000 13,000 <0.1 3, , ,369 72,340 Bhutan <100 <100 < , Brunei Darussalam Cambodia 170, , ,000 12,000 55,000 12,000 13,441 6,314 India 3,970,000 3,800, ,500, , ,025, ,580 Indonesia 120, , ,000 1,300 18,000 4, , ,163 Iran (Islamic Republic of) 20,000 20,000 <0.1 5,000 < ,369 37,396 Lao People s Dem. Rep. 1,400 1,300 < < <150 5,403 2,542 Malaysia 42,000 41, , ,000 2,500 22,633 11,868 Maldives <100 < Myanmar ,364 25,855 Nepal 58,000 56, ,000 1,500 13,000 2,400 23,593 11,106 Pakistan 78,000 76, ,000 2,200 25,000 4, ,971 67,964 Philippines 9,400 9,400 <0.1 2,500 <10 4, ,131 39,600 Singapore 3,400 3, < ,108 2,324 Sri Lanka 4,800 4,700 <0.1 1,400 <100 2, ,104 10,695 Thailand 670, , ,000 21, ,000 55,000 63,584 36,636 Viet Nam 130, , ,000 2,500 22,000 6,600 79,175 43,343 Eastern Europe & Central Asia 1,000,000 1,000, ,000 15,000 < , , ,038 Armenia 2,400 2, < <100 3,788 2,152 Azerbaijan 1,400 1,400 < <100 8,096 4,529 Belarus 15,000 15, , ,000 10,147 5,397 Bosnia and Herzegovina 900* <0.1* ,067 2,292 Bulgaria 400* <0.1* ,867 3,915 Croatia <0.1 <100 <10... <10 4,655 2,331 Czech Republic <0.1 <100 <10... <10 10,260 5,233 Estonia 7,700 7, , <100 1, Georgia < <100 5,239 2,726 Hungary 2,800 2, < <100 9,917 5,001 Kazakhstan 6,000 6, ,200 < ,095 8,866 Kyrgyzstan <0.1 < <100 4,986 2,627 Latvia 5,000 5, ,000 < <100 2,406 1,215 Lithuania 1,300 1, < <100 3,689 1,901 Poland 14,000* 0.1* ,577 20,685 Republic of Moldova 5,500 5, , ,285 2,339 Romania 6,500 2,500 <0.1 4, ,388 11,761 Russian Federation 700, , , , ,664 78,166 Slovakia <100 <100 <0.1 < <100 5,403 2,934 Tajikistan <0.1 < <100 6,135 3,111 Turkmenistan <100 <100 <0.1 < <100 4,835 2,508 Ukraine 250, , , ,000 49,112 25,251 Uzbekistan < < <100 25,257 13,395 Western Europe 550, , ,000 5, ,000 8, , ,286 Albania ,145 1,692 Austria 9,900 9, ,200 < <100 8,075 4,058 Belgium 8,500 8, , <100 10,264 4,987 Denmark 3,800 3, < <100 5,333 2,519 Finland 1,200 1,200 < < <100 5,178 2,462 France 100, , ,000 1, ,453 29,001 Germany 41,000 41, , ,007 40,191 Greece 8,800 8, ,800 < <100 10,623 5,269 Iceland <100 < < Ireland 2,400 2, <100 3,841 2,022 Italy 100, , , ,100 57,503 28,018 Luxembourg < Malta < Netherlands 17,000 17, , ,930 7,997 Norway 1,800 1, < <100 4,488 2,155 Portugal 27,000 26, , ,000 10,033 5,

7 Report on the global HIV/AIDS epidemic Ranges of uncertainty around estimates 6. HIV prevalence rate (%) in young people (15 24) Adults and children Deaths in adults (15 49) Deaths in children (0 14) Female Male living with HIV/AIDS, end Low High Low High Low High Low High Low High Country estimate estimate estimate estimate estimate estimate estimate estimate estimate estimate South & South-East Asia 4,100,000 7,800, , ,000 29,000 56, Afghanistan Bangladesh 9,400 17, <100 < Bhutan Brunei Darussalam Cambodia 140, ,000 8,100 12,000 1,800 2, India 2,600,000 5,400, Indonesia 94, ,000 3,400 5, Iran (Islamic Republic of) 13,000 27, <100 < Lao People s Dem. Rep. 1,000 1,800 <100 <100 <100 < Malaysia 34,000 51,000 1,900 2, Maldives Myanmar 180, ,000 8,400 13,000 1,200 1, Nepal 37,000 78,000 1,400 2, Pakistan 51, ,000 2,600 5, Philippines 7,500 11, Singapore 2,700 4,100 < <100 < Sri Lanka 3,800 5, <100 < Thailand 530, ,000 50,000 76,000 2,200 3, Viet Nam 110, ,000 4,900 7, Eastern Europe & Central Asia 720,000 1,300,000 15,000 30,000 <100 < Armenia 1,900 2,900 <100 <100 <100 < Azerbaijan 1,000 1,800 <100 <100 <100 < Belarus 9,600 20, ,400 <100 < Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia <100 < Czech Republic <100 < Estonia 5,600 9,800 <100 <100 <100 < Georgia 590 1,200 <100 <100 <100 < Hungary 2,000 3,500 <100 < Kazakhstan 4,200 8, <100 < Kyrgyzstan <100 <100 <100 < Latvia 4,000 6,000 <100 <100 <100 < Lithuania 850 1,800 <100 <100 <100 < Poland Republic of Moldova 3,600 7, <100 < Romania 4,200 8, Russian Federation 500, ,000 7,200 11,000 <100 < Slovakia <100 <100 <100 < Tajikistan <100 <100 <100 < Turkmenistan <100 <100 <100 <100 <100 < Ukraine 180, ,000 7,900 14,000 <100 < Uzbekistan 480 1,000 <100 < Western Europe 440, ,000 6,200 9,800 <100 < Albania Austria 7,900 12,000 <100 < Belgium 6,800 10,000 <100 < Denmark 3,600 5,500 <100 < Finland 970 1,500 <100 < France 81, , <100 < Germany 33,000 49, Greece 7,000 11,000 <100 < Iceland <100 < Ireland 1,900 2,900 <100 < Italy 84, , , Luxembourg <100 <100 <100 < Malta <100 <100 <100 < Netherlands 13,000 20,000 < Norway 1,400 2,100 <100 < Portugal 23,000 40, ,200 <100 <

8 UNAIDS 7. HIV prevalence (%), selected populations Women in antenatal care clinics: Women in antenatal care clinics: Male STI patients: Female sex workers: urban areas outside major urban areas major urban areas major urban areas Country Year Median Min. Max. Year Median Min. Max. Year Median Min. Max. Year Median Min. Max. South & South-East Asia Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Darussalam Cambodia India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Lao People s Dem. Rep Malaysia Maldives Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Philippines Singapore Sri Lanka Thailand Viet Nam Eastern Europe & Central Asia Armenia Azerbaijan n Belarus n n Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria n n Croatia Czech Republic n n Estonia n Georgia Hungary n Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia n n Lithuania n Poland Republic of Moldova n n Romania Russian Federation n n Slovakia n n Tajikistan Turkmenistan Ukraine n n Uzbekistan Western Europe Albania Austria Belgium Denmark Finland n France Germany Greece Iceland Ireland Italy n n Luxembourg Malta Netherlands Norway n Portugal

9 7. HIV prevalence (%) 8. Knowledge and behaviour indicators con t. Report on the global HIV/AIDS epidemic 2002 Don t know that a healthy-looking person Reported higher-risk Reported condom use Injecting drug users: can be infected with Median age at rst sex sex for adults (15 49) for adults (15 24) major urban areas HIV/AIDS (%) (15 24) (20 24) in the last year (%) at last higher-risk sex (%) Country Year Median Min. Max. Female Year Male Female Year Male Female Year Male Female Year South & South-East Asia Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Darussalam Cambodia x x 2000 India ~ b 18.0 b Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Lao People s Dem. Rep Malaysia Maldives Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Philippines Singapore Sri Lanka Thailand Viet Nam a a 1995 Eastern Europe & Central Asia Armenia z Azerbaijan n Belarus n Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia n Czech Republic n Estonia Georgia u 0.8 u u Hungary Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia n Lithuania Poland n Republic of Moldova n Romania Russian Federation n Slovakia n Tajikistan Turkmenistan b x Ukraine n Uzbekistan Western Europe Albania Austria a Belgium Denmark Finland n France Germany Greece Iceland Ireland Italy Luxembourg Malta Netherlands Norway Portugal

10 UNAIDS 1. Estimated number of people 2. AIDS 3. AIDS 4. Population living with HIV/AIDS, end 2001 orphans deaths (thousands) Adults Orphans (0 14) Deaths Adults and Adults (15 49) Women Children currently Adults and Adults Country children (15 49) rate (%) (15 49) (0 14) living children Total (15 49) Slovenia <0.1 <100 < <100 1,985 1,047 Spain 130, , ,000 1, ,300 39,921 20,794 Sweden 3,300 3, < <100 8,833 4,012 Switzerland 19,000 19, , <100 7,170 3,437 TFYR Macedonia <100 <100 <0.1 <100 < <100 2,044 1,079 United Kingdom 34,000 34, , ,542 28,559 Yugoslavia 10,000 10, <100 10,538 5,341 North Africa & Middle East 500, , ,000 35,000 65,000 30, , ,506 Algeria 13,000* 0.1* ,841 16,779 Bahrain <1000 < Cyprus <1000 < Egypt 8,000 8,000 < ,080 36,301 Iraq <1000 <1000 < ,584 11,527 Israel 2, ,172 3,067 Jordan <1000 <1000 < ,051 2,561 Kuwait ,971 1,123 Lebanon ,556 1,949 Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 7,000 7, , ,408 2,952 Morocco 13,000 13, , ,430 16,373 Oman 1,300 1, ,622 1,211 Qatar Saudi Arabia ,028 9,667 Sudan 450, , ,000 30,000 62,000 23,000 31,809 15,496 Syrian Arab Republic ,610 8,481 Tunisia ,562 5,392 Turkey... 3,700* <0.1* ,632 36,857 United Arab Emirates ,654 1,533 Yemen 9,900 9, ,500 19,114 8,098 North America 950, , ,000 10, ,000 15, , ,413 Canada 55,000 55, ,000 <500-0 <500 31,015 16,164 United States of America 900, , ,000 10, , , ,249 Caribbean 420, , ,000 20, ,000 40,000 32,489 17,183 Bahamas 6,200 6, ,700 <100 2, Barbados 2,000* 1.2* Cuba 3,200 3,200 < <100 1, ,237 6,121 Dominican Republic 130, , ,000 4,700 33,000 7,800 8,507 4,561 Haiti 250, , ,000 12, ,000 30,000 8,270 4,053 Jamaica 20,000 18, , , ,598 1,376 Trinidad and Tobago 17,000 17, , ,600 1,200 1, Latin America 1,500,000 1,400, ,000 40, ,000 60, , ,151 Argentina 130, , ,000 3,000 25,000 1,800 37,488 18,741 Belize 2,500 2, , Bolivia 4,600 4, , , ,516 4,131 Brazil 610, , ,000 13, ,000 8, ,559 96,894 Chile 20,000 20, ,300 <500 4, ,402 8,121 Colombia 140, , ,000 4,000 21,000 5,600 42,803 23,003 Costa Rica 11,000 11, , , ,112 2,204 Ecuador 20,000 19, , ,200 1,700 12,880 6,874 El Salvador 24,000 23, , ,000 2,100 6,400 3,289 Guatemala 67,000 63, ,000 4,800 32,000 5,200 11,687 5,459 Guyana 18,000 17, , ,200 1, Honduras 57,000 54, ,000 3,000 14,000 3,300 6,575 3,214 Mexico 150, , ,000 3,600 27,000 4, ,368 54,019 Nicaragua 5,800 5, , , ,208 2,539 Panama 25,000 25, , ,100 1,900 2,899 1,549 Paraguay 5,636 2,836 Peru 53,000 51, ,000 1,500 17,000 3,900 26,093 13,878 Surinam 3,700 3, , , Uruguay 6,300 6, , ,100 <500 3,361 1,625 Venezuela 62,000* 0.5* 24,632 12,

11 Report on the global HIV/AIDS epidemic Ranges of uncertainty around estimates 6. HIV prevalence rate (%) in young people (15 24) Adults and children Deaths in adults (15 49) Deaths in children (0 14) Female Male living with HIV/AIDS, end Low High Low High Low High Low High Low High Country estimate estimate estimate estimate estimate estimate estimate estimate estimate estimate Slovenia <100 <100 <100 < Spain 100, ,000 1,800 2, Sweden 2,600 4,000 <100 < Switzerland 15,000 23,000 <100 <100 <100 < TFYR Macedonia <100 <100 <100 < United Kingdom 27,000 41, <100 < Yugoslavia North Africa & Middle East 320, ,000 16,000 32,000 3,900 8, Algeria 8,600 18, Bahrain Cyprus Egypt 3,000 8, Iraq 650 1, Israel Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 4,600 9, Morocco 8,600 18, Oman 850 1, Qatar Saudi Arabia Sudan 280, ,000 11,000 23,000 3,900 8, Syrian Arab Republic Tunisia Turkey United Arab Emirates Yemen 6,400 13, North America 760,000 1,100,000 12,000 18,000 <100 < Canada 44,000 66,000 <500 <500 <100 < United States of America 720,000 1,100,000 12,000 18,000 <100 < Caribbean 290, ,000 23,000 44,000 4,600 9, Bahamas 4,600 9, <100 < Barbados Cuba 2,100 4, <100 < Dominican Republic 100, ,000 5,600 8, , Haiti 190, ,000 16,000 32,000 3,700 7, Jamaica 13,000 22, ,000 < Trinidad and Tobago 15,000 30, ,400 < Latin America 1,200,000 1,800,000 42,000 80,000 3,500 6, Argentina 110, ,000 1,500 4,500 < Belize 2,300 3, <100 < Bolivia 3,000 6, <100 < Brazil 490, ,000 7,000 20, , Chile 11,000 23, ,000 <100 < Colombia 94, ,000 3,400 7, Costa Rica 7,200 15, ,100 <100 < Ecuador 13,000 27,000 1,000 2,100 < El Salvador 16,000 32,000 1,200 2,600 < Guatemala 44,000 91,000 2,800 5, , Guyana 11,000 24, ,600 < Honduras 46,000 68,000 2,100 3, Mexico 97, ,000 3,600 8,000 < Nicaragua 3,800 7, <100 < Panama 18,000 33,000 1,200 2,200 <100 < Paraguay 0.16 Peru 38,000 68,000 2,600 4, Surinam 2,400 5, <100 < Uruguay 5,000 7,500 <500 <500 <100 < Venezuela

12 UNAIDS 7. HIV prevalence (%), selected populations Women in antenatal care clinics: Women in antenatal care clinics: Male STI patients: Female sex workers: urban areas outside major urban areas major urban areas major urban areas Country Year Median Min. Max. Year Median Min. Max. Year Median Min. Max. Year Median Min. Max. Slovenia n n Spain n n n Sweden n n Switzerland TFYR Macedonia... United Kingdom Yugoslavia... North Africa & Middle East Algeria Bahrain Cyprus Egypt Iraq Israel Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Morocco Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Sudan Syrian Arab Republic Tunisia Turkey n United Arab Emirates Yemen North America Canada United States of America Caribbean Bahamas Barbados Cuba Dominican Republic Haiti Jamaica Trinidad and Tobago Latin America Argentina Belize Bolivia Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Ecuador El Salvador Guatemala Guyana Honduras Mexico Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Surinam Uruguay Venezuela

13 7. HIV prevalence (%) 8. Knowledge and behaviour indicators con t. Report on the global HIV/AIDS epidemic 2002 Don t know that a healthy-looking person Reported higher-risk Reported condom use Injecting drug users: can be infected with Median age at rst sex sex for adults (15 49) for adults (15 24) major urban areas HIV/AIDS (%) (15 24) (20 24) in the last year (%) at last higher-risk sex (%) Country Year Median Min. Max. Female Year Male Female Year Male Female Year Male Female Year Slovenia Spain e Sweden mid-1990s Switzerland TFYR Macedonia United Kingdom Yugoslavia North Africa & Middle East Algeria Bahrain Cyprus Egypt Iraq Israel Jordan Kuwait Lebanon a a 1996 Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Morocco Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Sudan Syrian Arab Republic Tunisia Turkey United Arab Emirates Yemen North America Canada mid-1990s United States of America mid-1990s 11.0amx amx 1997 Caribbean Bahamas Barbados Cuba Dominican Republic k Haiti h 14.4 h 2000 Jamaica Trinidad and Tobago Latin America Argentina < 55.0 a 1995 Belize Bolivia k h 12.8 h 1998 Brazil w Chile Colombia x h 2000 Costa Rica Ecuador El Salvador Guatemala Guyana Honduras Mexico a 1997 Nicaragua h 1998 Panama Paraguay d Peru e Surinam Uruguay Venezuela

14 UNAIDS Key to table of country-specific HIV/AIDS estimates and data, end 2001 a m u x w the proportion of both sexes combined the median of a number of subnational surveys urban samples underestimation of true value due to survey methodology year-olds * No country-specific models provided HIV prevalence rate (%), data from selected populations r n data from rural studies a nationwide number without rural-urban breakdown Don t know a healthy-looking person can be infected with HIV/AIDS (15 24) (%) b c d year-olds year-olds year-olds Median age when first sexually active (20 24) b z year-old females; year-old males year-olds Reported higher-risk sex for adults (15 49) in the last year (%) r k non-cohabiting regular partners who are assumed to be high-risk year-olds Reported condom use for adults (15 49) during last higher-risk sexual act (%) e h r an older survey (based on the 1 4 years preceding the stated survey) only those people who have heard of AIDS non-cohabiting regular partners who are assumed to be high-risk 202

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