HUMAN RESOURCES IN R&D

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "HUMAN RESOURCES IN R&D"

Transcription

1 HUMAN RESOURCES IN R&D This fact sheet presents the latest UIS S&T data available as of July Regional density of researchers and their field of employment UIS Fact Sheet, August 2011, No. 13 In the drive to strengthen knowledge-based societies, policymakers are looking to ensure that their countries have an adequate supply of researchers. The information below provides a global overview of countries with the highest concentration of researchers as well as a breakdown by region. Figure 1 presents the distribution of researchers in the world by main regions/countries in 2002 and Researchers are professionals engaged in the conception or creation of new knowledge, products, processes, methods and systems, as well as in the management of the projects concerned (Frascati Manual, 2002). Figure 1. Where are researchers located? Shares of world researchers by principal regions/countries, 2002 and 2007 (%) 45% 4 35% 25% 15% 5% Asia Europe Americas North America 35.5% 40.9% % % 25.1% 21.9% 20.6% 20.1% 23.1% % 19.7% 11.1% 9.8% % 8.5% 6.5% 5.1% % % 3.5% 2.9% 3.5% 3.2% % % 1.8% 1.2% 1.7% 1.6% 1.7% 1.4% 1.4% 0.6% 0.7% 0.6% 0.4% 0.4% 0.3% 0.2% 0.3% European Union United States China Japan United Kingdom France India Africa Oceania Other in Asia Brazil Arab States (Africa) Argentina Mexico Arab States (Asia) South Africa Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics estimates, August 2010.

2 Figures 2 and 3 illustrate the distribution of researchers per 1 million inhabitants. The data are expressed in full-time equivalents (FTE), which are a measure of the actual volume of human resources devoted to research and development (R&D). It is important to note when interpreting the data that headcounts (HC) were used for countries where FTE figures were not available. Figure 2. How many researchers are there? Researchers per million inhabitants, 2009 or latest available year per million per million per million per million 2001 per million and above Data not available Notes: The data presented in this map are based on FTE. However, headcounts (HC) are used for the following countries as FTE numbers were not available: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Benin, Botswana, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Cuba, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, El Salvador, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Guinea, Honduras, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Mauritius, Mongolia, Montenegro, Nauru, Nicaragua, Peru, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Trinidad and Tobago, Uganda and US Virgin Islands. This should be taken into consideration when interpreting the data. UIS/FS/2011/13 2

3 Figure 3. How many researchers are there? Researchers per million inhabitants by principal regions/countries, 2007 or latest year available 6,000 5,000 4,000 3,000 2,000 1,000 0 Japan United States -1 5,573 4,663 4,624 4,209 North America Oceania United Kingdom 4,181 France 3,532 3,496 3,305 2,936 2,735 2,639 2,010 European Union 1,126 Europe Americas 1,087 1,081 1, WORLD China Argentina Asia Brazil Egypt Arab States (Africa) South Africa Mexico Arab States (Asia) Other in Asia Africa India -2 Note: -1 = 2006, -2 = Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics estimates, August Figure 4 shows the world s leading countries (top 10) in terms of the number of researchers on their territory. Figure 4. Which countries host the greatest number of researchers? Number of researchers, 2009 or latest available year 243, , , ,130154, ,948 1,592, , ,676 1,412,639 China-1 United States-2 Japan-1 Russian Federation United Kingdom Republic of Korea-1 France-1 India-4 Canada-2 Notes: -1 = 2008, -2 = 2007, -4 = Data are based on FTE. UIS/FS/2011/13 3

4 Figures 5, 6 and 7 illustrate the percentage of researchers by sector of employment expressed in full-time equivalents (FTE) (or headcounts where FTE were unavailable). One full-time equivalent may be thought of as one personyear. Thus, a person who normally spends of their time on R&D and the rest on other activities (such as teaching, university administration and student counseling) would be denoted as a 0.3 FTE. Similarly, if a full-time R&D worker is employed at an R&D unit for only six months, this results in an FTE of 0.5. Figure 5. A breakdown of researchers in the Americas Percentage of researchers by sector of employment, 2009 or latest year available Business enterprise Government Higher education Private non-profit Unknown United States-2 Canada-2 Chile-5 Mexico-2 Brazil-1 Ecuador-1 Honduras*-6 Argentina-1 Bolivia-7 El Salvador* Uruguay-1 Panama-1 Colombia-1 Trinidad/Tobago*-1 Venezuela Guatemala-1 Paraguay-1 Costa Rica-1 Nicaragua*-5 Figure 6. A breakdown of researchers in Europe Percentage of researchers by sector of employment (FTE), 2009 or latest year available Business enterprise Government Higher education Private non-profit Unknown Austria Sweden Denmark Finland Luxembourg France-1 Belarus* Ireland Norway Malta Iceland-1 Belgium Hungary Slovenia Czech Rep. Netherlands Switzerland-1 Italy Ukraine Turkey Spain United Kingdom+1 Romania Estonia Greece-2 Cyprus Portugal Croatia Poland Bulgaria Lithuania Slovakia Rep. of Moldova Latvia TFYR Macedonia-1 Serbia Montenegro*-2 Albania-1 UIS/FS/2011/13 4

5 Figure 7. A breakdown of researchers in Africa, Asia and the Pacific Percentage of researchers by sector of employment (FTE), 2009 or latest year available Business enterprise Government Higher education Private non-profit Unknown Mali*-2 South Africa-2 Ghana-2 Botswana*-4 Uganda* Zambia-1 Lesotho Tunisia-1 C. African Rep.* Cameroon*-1 Kenya*-2 Sudan*-4 Malawi-2 Morocco-1 Senegal-1 Mozambique*-2 Burkina Faso*-2 Ethiopia-2 Gambia* Seychelles-4 Guinea*-9 Egypt Madagascar-2 Tanzania*-2 Nigeria-2 Algeria-4 Togo-2 DR Congo*-4 Côte d'ivoire-4 Rep. of Korea-1 Japan-1 China-1 Singapore-1 Philippines-2 China, Hong Kong India-4 Malaysia-3 Jordan*-6 Laos-7 Palestinian OT*-1 Thailand-2 Sri Lanka-1 Brunei-6 Cambodia-7 Iran-1 Azerbaijan Kyrgyzstan* Viet Nam-7 Kazakhstan* China, Macao Mongolia* Indonesia*-4 Tajikistan*-3 Armenia* Bangladesh*-12 Georgia*-4 Pakistan Australia-1 New Zealand-2 Note: +1 = 2010, -1 = 2008, -2 = 2007, -3 = 2006, -4 = 2005, -5 = 2004, -6 = 2003, -7 = 2002, -9 = 2000, -12 = * = based on HC data. Abbreviations: Other Asia FTE HC Commonwealth of Independent States in Europe Central, Eastern and Other in Europe Commonwealth of Independent States in Asia Newly Industrialized Economies in Asia including Hong Kong, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Republic of Korea, Singapore This excludes Japan, China, India and Israel Other Sub-Saharan Africa; this excludes South Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Full-time equivalents Headcounts For more information, please consult the UIS website at to access the database and subscribe to an alert service about the Institute s latest publications and data releases. UIS/FS/2011/13 5

Mechanism for the Review of Implementation of the United Nations Convention against Corruption: country pairings for the second review cycle

Mechanism for the Review of Implementation of the United Nations Convention against Corruption: country pairings for the second review cycle Mechanism for the Review of Implementation of the United Nations Convention against Corruption: country pairings for the second review cycle In the first year, a total of 29 reviews will be conducted.

More information

GLOBAL RISKS OF CONCERN TO BUSINESS WEF EXECUTIVE OPINION SURVEY RESULTS SEPTEMBER 2017

GLOBAL RISKS OF CONCERN TO BUSINESS WEF EXECUTIVE OPINION SURVEY RESULTS SEPTEMBER 2017 GLOBAL RISKS OF CONCERN TO BUSINESS WEF EXECUTIVE OPINION SURVEY RESULTS SEPTEMBER 2017 GLOBAL RISKS OF CONCERN TO BUSINESS Results from the World Economic Forum Executive Opinion Survey 2017 Survey and

More information

LIST OF CONTRACTING STATES AND OTHER SIGNATORIES OF THE CONVENTION (as of January 11, 2018)

LIST OF CONTRACTING STATES AND OTHER SIGNATORIES OF THE CONVENTION (as of January 11, 2018) ICSID/3 LIST OF CONTRACTING STATES AND OTHER SIGNATORIES OF THE CONVENTION (as of January 11, 2018) The 162 States listed below have signed the Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes between

More information

Millennium Profiles Demographic & Social Energy Environment Industry National Accounts Trade. Social indicators. Introduction Statistics

Millennium Profiles Demographic & Social Energy Environment Industry National Accounts Trade. Social indicators. Introduction Statistics 1 of 5 10/2/2008 10:16 AM UN Home Department of Economic and Social Affairs Economic and Social Development Home UN logo Statistical Division Search Site map About us Contact us Millennium Profiles Demographic

More information

KYOTO PROTOCOL STATUS OF RATIFICATION

KYOTO PROTOCOL STATUS OF RATIFICATION KYOTO PROTOCOL STATUS OF RATIFICATION Notes: R = Ratification At = Acceptance Ap = Approval Ac = Accession 1. ALBANIA ----- 01/04/05 (Ac) 30/06/05 2. ALGERIA ---- 16/02/05 (Ac) 17/05/05 3. ANTIGUA AND

More information

UNHCR, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

UNHCR, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees States Parties to the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and the 1967 Protocol Date of entry into force: 22 April 1954 (Convention) 4 October 1967 (Protocol) As of 1 February 2004 Total

More information

A Partial Solution. To the Fundamental Problem of Causal Inference

A Partial Solution. To the Fundamental Problem of Causal Inference A Partial Solution To the Fundamental Problem of Causal Inference Some of our most important questions are causal questions. 1,000 5,000 10,000 50,000 100,000 10 5 0 5 10 Level of Democracy ( 10 = Least

More information

World Refugee Survey, 2001

World Refugee Survey, 2001 World Refugee Survey, 2001 Refugees in Africa: 3,346,000 "Host" Country Home Country of Refugees Number ALGERIA Western Sahara, Palestinians 85,000 ANGOLA Congo-Kinshasa 12,000 BENIN Togo, Other 4,000

More information

Information note by the Secretariat [V O T E D] Additional co-sponsors of draft resolutions/decisions

Information note by the Secretariat [V O T E D] Additional co-sponsors of draft resolutions/decisions Information note by the Secretariat Additional co-sponsors of draft resolutions/decisions Draft resolution or decision L. 2 [102] The risk of nuclear proliferation in the Middle East (Egypt) L.6/Rev.1

More information

2017 Social Progress Index

2017 Social Progress Index 2017 Social Progress Index Central Europe Scorecard 2017. For information, contact Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Limited In this pack: 2017 Social Progress Index rankings Country scorecard(s) Spotlight on indicator

More information

Overview of the status of UNCITRAL Conventions and Model Laws x = ratification, accession or enactment s = signature only

Overview of the status of UNCITRAL Conventions and Model Laws x = ratification, accession or enactment s = signature only = ratification, accession or enactment Echange and International Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia s Australia s 3 Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh

More information

INTERNATIONAL AIR SERVICES TRANSIT AGREEMENT SIGNED AT CHICAGO ON 7 DECEMBER 1944

INTERNATIONAL AIR SERVICES TRANSIT AGREEMENT SIGNED AT CHICAGO ON 7 DECEMBER 1944 INTERNATIONAL AIR SERVICES TRANSIT AGREEMENT SIGNED AT CHICAGO ON 7 DECEMBER 1944 State Entry into force: The Agreement entered into force on 30 January 1945. Status: 131 Parties. This list is based on

More information

58 Kuwait 83. Macao (SAR China) Maldives. 59 Nauru Jamaica Botswana Bolivia 77. Qatar. 63 Bahrain 75. Namibia.

58 Kuwait 83. Macao (SAR China) Maldives. 59 Nauru Jamaica Botswana Bolivia 77. Qatar. 63 Bahrain 75. Namibia. Rank Passport Score 1 Germany 177 13 Estonia 165 36 Grenada 127 58 Kuwait 83 Morocco Equatorial Guinea 2 Singapore 176 14 Poland 163 Macao (SAR China) Maldives Zimbabwe Laos 3 Denmark 175 15 Monaco 162

More information

The Henley & Partners - Kochenov GENERAL RANKING

The Henley & Partners - Kochenov GENERAL RANKING The Henley & Partners - Kochenov GENERAL RANKING Nationalities of the World in Henley & Partners Kochenov Quality of Index 2 nd Edition Nationalities of the World in The QNI General Ranking 2015-2012-

More information

Countries for which a visa is required to enter Colombia

Countries for which a visa is required to enter Colombia Albania EASTERN EUROPE Angola SOUTH AFRICA Argelia (***) Argentina SOUTH AMERICA Australia OCEANIA Austria Azerbaijan(**) EURASIA Bahrain MIDDLE EAST Bangladesh SOUTH ASIA Barbados CARIBBEAN AMERICA Belgium

More information

Proforma Cost for national UN Volunteers for UN Partner Agencies

Proforma Cost for national UN Volunteers for UN Partner Agencies Proforma Cost for national UN Volunteers for UN Partner Agencies - 2017 Country of Assignment National UN Volunteers (12 months) In US$ National UN Youth Volunteers (12 months) In US$ National University

More information

Asia Pacific (19) EMEA (89) Americas (31) Nov

Asia Pacific (19) EMEA (89) Americas (31) Nov Americas (31) Argentina Bahamas Barbados Belize Bermuda Bolivia Brazil Cayman Islands Chile Colombia Costa Rica Curaçao Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guatemala Honduras Jamaica Nicaragua Panama

More information

corruption perceptions index

corruption perceptions index corruption perceptions index 2017 Transparency International is a global movement with one vision: a world in which government, business, civil society and the daily lives of people are free of corruption.

More information

The requirements for the different countries may be found on the Bahamas official web page at:

The requirements for the different countries may be found on the Bahamas official web page at: Visa requirements Participants who require a visa to enter the Bahamas should apply for a visa at the nearest consulate or embassy of the Bahamas in their country. There are several Bahamas embassies and

More information

Proforma Cost for National UN Volunteers for UN Partner Agencies for National UN. months) Afghanistan 14,030 12,443 4,836

Proforma Cost for National UN Volunteers for UN Partner Agencies for National UN. months) Afghanistan 14,030 12,443 4,836 Proforma Cost for National UN Volunteers for UN Partner Agencies for 2018 Country of Assignment National UN Volunteers (12 months) National UN Youth Volunteers (12 months) National University Volunteers

More information

The Conference Board Total Economy Database Summary Tables November 2016

The Conference Board Total Economy Database Summary Tables November 2016 The Conference Board Total Economy Database Summary Tables November 2016 About This document contains a number of tables and charts outlining the most important trends from the latest update of the Total

More information

Thirty-seventh Session. Rome, 25 June - 2 July Third Report of the Credentials Committee

Thirty-seventh Session. Rome, 25 June - 2 July Third Report of the Credentials Committee July 2011 C 2011/LIM/26 Rev.1 E CONFERENCE Thirty-seventh Session Rome, 25 June - 2 July 2011 Third Report of the Credentials Committee 1. The Credentials Committee of the Thirty-seventh Session of the

More information

Scale of assessments for the financial period

Scale of assessments for the financial period (^Ш ^^^ World Health Organization Organisation mondiale de la Santé FIFTIETH WORLD HEALTH ASSEMBLY Provisional agenda item 24.2 A50/13 1 April 1997 Scale of assessments for the financial period 1998-1999

More information

VACATION AND OTHER LEAVE POLICIES AROUND THE WORLD

VACATION AND OTHER LEAVE POLICIES AROUND THE WORLD VACATION AND OTHER LEAVE POLICIES AROUND THE WORLD VACATION AND OTHER LEAVE POLICIES AROUND THE WORLD AT A GLANCE ORDER ONLINE GEOGRAPHY 47 COUNTRIES COVERED 5 REGIONS 48 MARKETS Americas Asia Pacific

More information

Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works

Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works - 10 - Status October 13, 2017 Albania... March 6, 1994 Paris: March 6, 1994 Algeria... April 19, 1998 Paris: April 19, 1998 2,3 Andorra... June 2, 2004 Paris: June 2, 2004 Antigua and Barbuda... March

More information

( ) Page: 1/12 STATUS OF NOTIFICATIONS OF NATIONAL LEGISLATION ON CUSTOMS VALUATION AND RESPONSES TO THE CHECKLIST OF ISSUES

( ) Page: 1/12 STATUS OF NOTIFICATIONS OF NATIONAL LEGISLATION ON CUSTOMS VALUATION AND RESPONSES TO THE CHECKLIST OF ISSUES 25 October 2017 (17-5787) Page: 1/12 Committee on Customs Valuation STATUS OF NOTIFICATIONS OF NATIONAL LEGISLATION ON CUSTOMS VALUATION AND RESPONSES TO THE CHECKLIST OF ISSUES NOTE BY THE SECRETARIAT

More information

Montessori Model United Nations - NYC Conference March 2018

Montessori Model United Nations - NYC Conference March 2018 Montessori Model United Nations - NYC Conference March 018 Middle School Level COMMITTEES COUNTRIES Maximum Number of Delegates per Committee DISEC 1 DISEC LEGAL SPECPOL SOCHUM ECOFIN 1 ECOFIN UNSC UNGA

More information

A) List of third countries whose nationals must be in possession of visas when crossing the external borders. 1. States

A) List of third countries whose nationals must be in possession of visas when crossing the external borders. 1. States Lists of third countries whose nationals must be in possession of visas when crossing the external borders and of those whose nationals are exempt from that requirement A) List of third countries whose

More information

VISA POLICY OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN

VISA POLICY OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN VISA POLICY OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN Country Diplomatic Service National Term of visafree stay CIS countries 1 Azerbaijan visa-free visa-free visa-free 30 days 2 Kyrgyzstan visa-free visa-free visa-free

More information

International data collection and uses of international data by UIS: Overview of data for Africa

International data collection and uses of international data by UIS: Overview of data for Africa International data collection and uses of international data by UIS: Overview of data for Africa SEMINAR WORKSHOP ON SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION INDICATORS Gaborone, Botswana 22-25 Sept 2008 Outline

More information

corruption perceptions index 2016

corruption perceptions index 2016 corruption perceptions index 16 Transparency International is a global movement with one vision: a world in which government, business, civil society and the daily lives of people are free of corruption.

More information

TABLE OF COUNTRIES WHOSE CITIZENS, HOLDERS OF ORDINARY PASSPORTS, REQUIRE/DO NOT REQUIRE VISAS TO ENTER BULGARIA

TABLE OF COUNTRIES WHOSE CITIZENS, HOLDERS OF ORDINARY PASSPORTS, REQUIRE/DO NOT REQUIRE VISAS TO ENTER BULGARIA TABLE OF COUNTRIES WHOSE CITIZENS, HOLDERS OF ORDINARY PASSPORTS, REQUIRE/DO NOT REQUIRE VISAS TO ENTER BULGARIA Last update: 03.06.2015 Country Visa is required Yes/No 1 Afghanistan Yes 2 Albania (3)

More information

IOM International Organization for Migration OIM Organisation Internationale pour les Migrations IOM Internationale Organisatie voor Migratie REAB

IOM International Organization for Migration OIM Organisation Internationale pour les Migrations IOM Internationale Organisatie voor Migratie REAB IOM International Organization for Migration OIM Organisation Internationale pour les Migrations IOM Internationale Organisatie voor Migratie REAB Return and Emigration of Asylum Seekers ex Belgium Statistical

More information

Summary Information on Published ROSCs (End-December, 2010)

Summary Information on Published ROSCs (End-December, 2010) Summary Information on Published ROSCs (End-December, 2010) Notes ***REFERENCES TO UNDERWAY AND UNPUBLISHED ROSCs ARE CONFIDENTIAL*** Standards Abbreviations Fund-led ROSCs: Data Fiscal MFPT BCP IOSCO

More information

Illustration of Proposed Quota and Voting Shares--By Member 1/ (In percent)

Illustration of Proposed Quota and Voting Shares--By Member 1/ (In percent) Illustration of Quota and 1/ s 4/ Advanced economies 58.2 60.0 61.6 60.5 57.7 60.6 57.9 55.3 Major advanced economies (G7) 42.9 48.0 46.0 45.3 43.4 45.1 43.0 41.2 United States 17.0 21.6 17.4 17.7 17.4

More information

Human Development Index and its components

Human Development Index and its components Index and its components 200 200 200 200 b 200 200 200 VERY HIGH HUMAN DEVELOPMENT Norway 0.938 8.0 2.6 7.3 58,80 2 0.954 2 Australia 0.937 8.9 2.0 20.5 38,692 0.989 3 New Zealand 0.907 80.6 2.5 9.7 25,438

More information

Geographical grouping 1

Geographical grouping 1 ANNEX 2 Country groupings used in this review Geographical grouping 1 Continent Region Sub-region Countries and territories included in the review Africa Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana Burkina Faso,

More information

Trends in international higher education

Trends in international higher education Trends in international higher education 1 Schedule Student decision-making Drivers of international higher education mobility Demographics Economics Domestic tertiary enrolments International postgraduate

More information

NOTE BY THE TECHNICAL SECRETARIAT STATUS OF PARTICIPATION IN THE CHEMICAL WEAPONS CONVENTION AS AT 17 OCTOBER 2015

NOTE BY THE TECHNICAL SECRETARIAT STATUS OF PARTICIPATION IN THE CHEMICAL WEAPONS CONVENTION AS AT 17 OCTOBER 2015 OPCW Technical Secretariat S/1315/2015 19 October 2015 ENGLISH only NOTE BY THE TECHNICAL SECRETARIAT STATUS OF PARTICIPATION IN THE CHEMICAL WEAPONS CONVENTION AS AT 17 OCTOBER 2015 SUMMARY Number of

More information

Contributions to UNHCR For Budget Year 2014 As at 31 December 2014

Contributions to UNHCR For Budget Year 2014 As at 31 December 2014 1 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1,280,827,870 2 EUROPEAN UNION 271,511,802 3 UNITED KINGDOM 4 JAPAN 5 GERMANY 6 SWEDEN 7 KUWAIT 8 SAUDI ARABIA *** 203,507,919 181,612,466 139,497,612 134,235,153 104,356,762

More information

Governing Body Geneva, November 2006 LILS FOR INFORMATION

Governing Body Geneva, November 2006 LILS FOR INFORMATION INTERNATIONAL LABOUR OFFICE GB.297/LILS/3 297th Session Governing Body Geneva, November 2006 Committee on Legal Issues and International Labour Standards LILS FOR INFORMATION THIRD ITEM ON THE AGENDA The

More information

COUNTRIES/AREAS BY REGION WHOSE NATIVES ARE ELIGIBLE FOR DV-2019

COUNTRIES/AREAS BY REGION WHOSE NATIVES ARE ELIGIBLE FOR DV-2019 COUNTRIES/AREAS BY REGION WHOSE NATIVES ARE ELIGIBLE FOR DV-2019 The list below shows the countries whose natives are eligible for DV-2019, grouped by geographic region. Dependent areas overseas are included

More information

1 THICK WHITE SENTRA; SIDES AND FACE PAINTED TO MATCH WALL PAINT: GRAPHICS DIRECT PRINTED TO SURFACE; CLEAT MOUNT TO WALL CRITICAL INSTALL POINT

1 THICK WHITE SENTRA; SIDES AND FACE PAINTED TO MATCH WALL PAINT: GRAPHICS DIRECT PRINTED TO SURFACE; CLEAT MOUNT TO WALL CRITICAL INSTALL POINT Map Country Panels 1 THICK WHITE SENTRA; SIDES AND FACE PAINTED TO MATCH WALL PAINT: GRAPHICS DIRECT PRINTED TO SURFACE; CLEAT MOUNT TO WALL CRITICAL INSTALL POINT GRAPHICS PRINTED DIRECT TO WHITE 1 THICK

More information

Corruption continues to deprive societies around the world

Corruption continues to deprive societies around the world PRESS RELEASE This is Passau University s press release on the Corruption Perceptions Index 2004. Please also obtain the official press release by Transparency International at: transparency.org/surveys/index.html#cpi

More information

The Hassle Factor. (rank ordered) Andreas Scho-er (Ph.D.) & Paul W. Beamish (Ph.D.) Copyright 2012: Andreas Scho-er & Paul W.

The Hassle Factor. (rank ordered) Andreas Scho-er (Ph.D.) & Paul W. Beamish (Ph.D.) Copyright 2012: Andreas Scho-er & Paul W. The (rank ordered) Andreas Scho-er (Ph.D.) & Paul W. Beamish (Ph.D.) 1 About the Research The predominant assumption in business research and practice is that Multinational Corporations choose their foreign

More information

Social Progress Index (SPI) Measuring more than just GDP

Social Progress Index (SPI) Measuring more than just GDP Nontechnological trends Social Progress Index (SPI) Measuring more than just GDP Georges Kioes Partner Public Sector Leader Deloitte Tom Pfeiffer Partner Audit Deloitte To measure a country s development,

More information

Global Variations in Growth Ambitions

Global Variations in Growth Ambitions Global Variations in Growth Ambitions Donna Kelley, Babson College 7 th Annual GW October Entrepreneurship Conference World Bank, Washington DC October 13, 216 Wide variation in entrepreneurship rates

More information

Statistics to the end of September 2017

Statistics to the end of September 2017 Statistics to the end of September 2017 16000 Cumulative no. of ANZCTR registered trials 14000 12000 No. of trials 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 0 // No. of ANZCTR Registered Trials in past 12 Months 200 180

More information

APPENDIX 1: MEASURES OF CAPITALISM AND POLITICAL FREEDOM

APPENDIX 1: MEASURES OF CAPITALISM AND POLITICAL FREEDOM 1 APPENDIX 1: MEASURES OF CAPITALISM AND POLITICAL FREEDOM All indicators shown below were transformed into series with a zero mean and a standard deviation of one before they were combined. The summary

More information

CONVENTION ON THE MARKING OF PLASTIC EXPLOSIVES FOR THE PURPOSE OF DETECTION DONE AT MONTREAL ON 1 MARCH 1991

CONVENTION ON THE MARKING OF PLASTIC EXPLOSIVES FOR THE PURPOSE OF DETECTION DONE AT MONTREAL ON 1 MARCH 1991 CONVENTION ON THE MARKING OF PLASTIC EXPLOSIVES FOR THE PURPOSE OF DETECTION DONE AT MONTREAL ON 1 MARCH 1991 Entry into force: The Convention entered into force on 21 June 1998. Status: 155 Parties. Afghanistan

More information

Development and Access to Information

Development and Access to Information Development and Access to Information 2017 Fact Sheet IFLA in partnership with the Technology & Social Change Group Fact Sheet: The State of Access to Information in 2017 Access to information: The right

More information

United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East

United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East United Nations General Assembly Distr.: General 1 December 2005 Original: English A/60/476 Sixtieth session Agenda item 30 05-61593 (E) 011205 *0561593* United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine

More information

Shares of data by source of information for the 2016 Global Report. edition

Shares of data by source of information for the 2016 Global Report. edition Annex I: Methodology and data coverage The quantitative and qualitative information that form the basis of the Global Report was collected by UNODC in two ways: through a dedicated questionnaire 1 distributed

More information

Evaluation Methodology

Evaluation Methodology Appendix A Evaluation Methodology This appendix presents the detailed methodology for the different evaluation components. I. Selection of Evaluation Countries Selection of evaluation countries Countries

More information

World Peace Index Its Significance and Contribution to the Scientific Study of World Peace

World Peace Index Its Significance and Contribution to the Scientific Study of World Peace World Peace Index Its Significance and Contribution to the Scientific Study of World Peace The 3 rd OECD WORLD FORUM October 29, 2009, BUSAN, KOREA Sang-Hyun Lee Acting Director, The World Peace Forum

More information

25/09/2007. Subject: Director (D-2) UNESCO Office Dakar (Senegal) Sir/Madam,

25/09/2007. Subject: Director (D-2) UNESCO Office Dakar (Senegal) Sir/Madam, 25/09/2007 Ref.: CL/3830 Subject: Director (D-2) UNESCO Office Dakar (Senegal) Sir/Madam, I have the honour to inform you that I have decided to advertise the post of Director of the UNESCO Office in Dakar,

More information

IFLA survey on preservation and conservation. guidelines/standards/best practices. General information (Note: This information will not be published)

IFLA survey on preservation and conservation. guidelines/standards/best practices. General information (Note: This information will not be published) Option 1 Option 2 Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Angola IFLA survey on preservation and conservation guidelines/standards/best practices General information (Note: This information will not be published)

More information

GENTING DREAM - Immigration Requirements Singapore - Cambodia - Indonesia - Malaysia - Thailand 01 April 2018 till 31 October 2018

GENTING DREAM - Immigration Requirements Singapore - Cambodia - Indonesia - Malaysia - Thailand 01 April 2018 till 31 October 2018 GENTING DREAM - Immigration Requirements Singapore - Cambodia - Indonesia - Malaysia - Thailand 01 April 2018 till 31 October 2018 1 1.1 Visa is required for holder of the following passports: ALGERIA

More information

Countries 1 with risk of yellow fever transmission 2 and countries requiring yellow fever vaccination

Countries 1 with risk of yellow fever transmission 2 and countries requiring yellow fever vaccination ANNEX 1 Countries 1 with risk of yellow fever transmission 2 and countries requiring yellow fever vaccination Countries Countries with risk Countries requiring Countries requiring of yellow fever yellow

More information

SDG 16: Peace and justice; strong institutions Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions

More information

Information regarding the legalisation of documents

Information regarding the legalisation of documents Information regarding the legalisation of documents Need for authentication/legalisation? Official documents (including degree certificates and sworn translations) need to be authenticated in order to

More information

CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL INTERESTS IN MOBILE EQUIPMENT SIGNED AT CAPE TOWN ON 16 NOVEMBER 2001

CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL INTERESTS IN MOBILE EQUIPMENT SIGNED AT CAPE TOWN ON 16 NOVEMBER 2001 CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL INTERESTS IN MOBILE EQUIPMENT SIGNED AT CAPE TOWN ON 16 NOVEMBER 2001 State Entry into force: 1 March 2006 as applied to aircraft equipment, in accordance with Article 49 which

More information

World Bank Incomes. Upper middle income (34) Lower middle income (54) Low income (60) High income: OECD (24) High income: nonoecd (26)

World Bank Incomes. Upper middle income (34) Lower middle income (54) Low income (60) High income: OECD (24) High income: nonoecd (26) Radiotherapy in cancer control in low- and middle-income income countries XRT in LMI countries What is LMI? Cancer in LMI Need for XRT Cost and cost-effectiveness Current state of XRT in LMI countries

More information

New York, 31 January 1967

New York, 31 January 1967 .. 5. PROTOCOL RELATING TO THE STATUS OF REFUGEES New York, 31 January 1967 ENTRY INTO FORCE 4 October 1967, in accordance with article VIII. REGISTRATION: 4 October 1967, No. 8791. STATUS: Parties: 146.

More information

Part 1. Measuring Human Capital

Part 1. Measuring Human Capital Part 1 Measuring Human Capital The Human Capital Index INTRODUCTION A nation s human capital endowment the skills and capacities that reside in people and that are put to productive use can be a more

More information

Executive Summary. xiii

Executive Summary. xiii JENNIFER BLANKE, Senior Economist, Global Competitiveness Network, World Economic Forum THEA CHIESA, Head of Aviation, Travel and Tourism, World Economic Forum Executive Summary Since 1979, the World Economic

More information

CTBT-Art.XIV/2015/WP.1

CTBT-Art.XIV/2015/WP.1 24 September 2015 Original: English Conference on Facilitating the Entry into Force of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty New York, 29 September 2015 DRAFT FINAL DECLARATION AND MEASURES TO PROMOTE

More information

SKILLS, MOBILITY, AND GROWTH

SKILLS, MOBILITY, AND GROWTH SKILLS, MOBILITY, AND GROWTH Eric Hanushek Ludger Woessmann Ninth Biennial Federal Reserve System Community Development Research Conference April 2-3, 2015 Washington, DC Commitment to Achievement Growth

More information

COUNTRY CLASSIFICATION 2008 AS OF 25 JULY 2008

COUNTRY CLASSIFICATION 2008 AS OF 25 JULY 2008 ANNEX I Categories for maximum repayment terms - maximum weighted average life of the repayment period 5 or 8.5 years 10 years CATEGORY I (1) CATEGORY II (2) Total: 77 Total: 133 1 American Samoa Afghanistan

More information

Figure 1.1 In many developing regions, girls are more likely than boys to miss out on a secondary education

Figure 1.1 In many developing regions, girls are more likely than boys to miss out on a secondary education Figure 1.1 In many developing regions, girls are more likely than boys to miss out on a secondary education 100 Gross secondary school enrolment ratio, 00 05* Male Female 60 Net secondary school attendance

More information

Macroeconomics+ World+Distribu3on+of+Income+ XAVIER+SALA=I=MARTIN+(2006)+ ECON+321+

Macroeconomics+ World+Distribu3on+of+Income+ XAVIER+SALA=I=MARTIN+(2006)+ ECON+321+ Macroeconomics+ World+Distribu3on+of+Income+ XAVIER+SALA=I=MARTIN+(26)+ ECON+321+ Ques3ons+ Do+you+have+any+percep3ons+that+existed+ before+reading+this+paper+that+have+been+ altered?++ What+are+your+thoughts+about+the+direc3on+of+

More information

HKSAR Visa Requirements for the Following Countries / Territories:

HKSAR Visa Requirements for the Following Countries / Territories: HKSAR Visa Requirements for the Following Countries / Territories: ** Please contact: nikki.claringbold@rhkyc.org.hk for a "Letter of Invitation" if you require a visa Nationality of foreign country (Territory)/

More information

ITU Regional Economic and Financial Forum of Telecomunications/ICTS for Arab Region

ITU Regional Economic and Financial Forum of Telecomunications/ICTS for Arab Region ITU Regional Economic and Financial Forum of Telecomunications/ICTS for Arab Region Manama, Bahrain 29 November, 2015 Pedro Seixas ITU Expert Session 2: Voice Traffic in IP Telephony Agenda Alternative

More information

REVIEW FORM. SCORE (MAX 3) 1 Nature of Participation at. 3 Conference 2 Benefits expected by

REVIEW FORM. SCORE (MAX 3) 1 Nature of Participation at. 3 Conference 2 Benefits expected by NARST 2018 INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE SCHOLARSHIP APPLICATION APPLICANT: Criteria that are not scored REVIEW FORM Minimum criteria for eligibility: In order to be eligible for the IC scholarship, the applicant

More information

Vienna, 11 April 1980

Vienna, 11 April 1980 . 10. UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION ON CONTRACTS FOR THE INTERNATIONAL SALE OF GOODS Vienna, 11 April 1980. ENTRY INTO FORCE 1 January 1988, in accordance with article 99(1). REGISTRATION: 1 January 1988,

More information

The foreign-born population of Aruba

The foreign-born population of Aruba The foreign-born population of Aruba The foreign-born population 2 introduction Central Bureau of Statistics Aruba TABLE OF CONTENT INTRODUCTION... 5 THE FOREIGN-BORN POPULATION... 5 THE SEX AND AGE DISTRIBUTION

More information

Proposed Amendment on the Reform of the IMF Executive Board and Fourteenth General Review of Quotas Status of Acceptances and Consents

Proposed Amendment on the Reform of the IMF Executive Board and Fourteenth General Review of Quotas Status of Acceptances and Consents INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND Proposed Amendment on the Reform of the IMF Executive Board and Fourteenth General Review of Quotas Status of Acceptances and Consents Prepared by the Legal, Finance, and Secretary

More information

A Global View of Entrepreneurship Global Entrepreneurship Monitor 2012

A Global View of Entrepreneurship Global Entrepreneurship Monitor 2012 A Global View of Entrepreneurship Global Entrepreneurship Monitor 2012 Donna Kelley, Babson College REITI Workshop Tokyo Japan January 21, 2001 In 2012, its 14 th year, GEM surveyed 198,000 adults in 69

More information

State Parties to the Following International Humanitarian Law and Other Related Treaties as of 5-May-2011

State Parties to the Following International Humanitarian Law and Other Related Treaties as of 5-May-2011 State Parties to the Following International Humanitarian Law and Other Related Treaties as of 5-May-2011 GC I-IV 1949 Protection of Victims of Armed Conflicts Convention (I) for the Amelioration of the

More information

Country Briefing: Egypt Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) At a Glance

Country Briefing: Egypt Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) At a Glance Oxford and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) www.ophi.org.uk Oxford Dept of International Development, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford Country Briefing: Egypt Multidimensional Index (MPI)

More information

Chapter 1 Economic Freedom of the World in 2015

Chapter 1 Economic Freedom of the World in 2015 Chapter 1 Economic Freedom of the World in 2015 From the very beginning, the participants in the Economic Freedom of the World (EFW) project recognized that development of the best possible measure of

More information

10. International Convention against Apartheid in Sports

10. International Convention against Apartheid in Sports United Nations Treaty Collection [As of 5 February 2002] Page 1 of 5 10. International Convention against Apartheid in Sports New York, 10 December 1985 Entry into force: 3 April, in accordance with article

More information

A new standard in organizing elections

A new standard in organizing elections Electoral risk management: A new standard in organizing elections Sead Alihodzic Senior Programme Officer, International IDEA Electoral Risk Management Conference Addis Ababa, 01 December 2015 Management

More information

Rainforest Alliance Authorized Countries for Single Farm and Group Administrator Audit and Certification Activities. July, 2017 Version 1

Rainforest Alliance Authorized Countries for Single Farm and Group Administrator Audit and Certification Activities. July, 2017 Version 1 Rainforest Alliance Authorized Countries for Single Farm and Group Administrator Audit and Certification Activities July, 2017 Version 1 D.R. 2017 Red de Agricultura Sostenible, A.C. This document is provided

More information

IBM 25 Years Power i Anniversary: Software Maintenance After Licence Fee Discount Program

IBM 25 Years Power i Anniversary: Software Maintenance After Licence Fee Discount Program IBM 25 Years Power i Anniversary: Software Maintenance After Licence Fee Discount Program The offer Eligible products Start and/or end dates Where is it available? Marketing information Ordering/fulfillment

More information

REPORT OF THE UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT* (Rio de Janeiro, 3-14 June 1992)

REPORT OF THE UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT* (Rio de Janeiro, 3-14 June 1992) United Nations A/CONF.151/26 (Vol. IV) General Assembly Distr. GENERAL 28 September 1992 ORIGINAL: ENGLISH/FRENCH REPORT OF THE UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT* (Rio de Janeiro,

More information

DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY

DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY This document is scheduled to be published in the Federal Register on 01/18/2018 and available online at https://federalregister.gov/d/2018-00812, and on FDsys.gov DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY 9110-9M-P

More information

PEOPLE AND CORRUPTION: CITIZENS VOICES FROM AROUND THE WORLD

PEOPLE AND CORRUPTION: CITIZENS VOICES FROM AROUND THE WORLD PEOPLE AND CORRUPTION: CITIZENS VOICES FROM AROUND THE WORLD Global Corruption Barometer Transparency International is a global movement with one vision: a world in which government, business, civil society

More information

Development status groups and composition

Development status groups and composition 0000 World 1200 Developing economies 1210 Developing economies: Africa 1213 Developing economies: Eastern Africa 108 Burundi 174 Comoros 262 Djibouti 232 Eritrea 231 Ethiopia 230 Ethiopia (...1991) 404

More information

Modernising the EU's policy on short-stay Schengen visas

Modernising the EU's policy on short-stay Schengen visas Modernising the EU's policy on short-stay Schengen visas Fields marked with * are mandatory. Introduction Have you obtained a short-stay Schengen visa over the past 5 years, or would you like to make your

More information

Czech Republic Development Cooperation in 2014

Czech Republic Development Cooperation in 2014 Czech Republic Development Cooperation in 2014 Development cooperation is an important part of the foreign policy of the Czech Republic aimed at contributing to the eradication of poverty in the context

More information

Subject: Director (D-2) UNESCO Office Dakar (Senegal)

Subject: Director (D-2) UNESCO Office Dakar (Senegal) U united nations educational, scientific and cultural organization organisation des nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture 7, place de Fontenoy, 75352 Paris 07 SP 1, rue Miollis, 75732

More information

Recent Developments Relating to Article VII Issues

Recent Developments Relating to Article VII Issues Eighteenth Annual Meeting of National Authorities 23-25 November 2016 Recent Developments Relating to Article VII Issues Sharon Rivera, Implementation Officer-Legal Implementation Support Branch International

More information

THE LAST MILE IN ANALYZING GROWTH, WELLBEING AND POVERTY: INDICES OF SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT & APPLICATION TO AFRICA

THE LAST MILE IN ANALYZING GROWTH, WELLBEING AND POVERTY: INDICES OF SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT & APPLICATION TO AFRICA THE LAST MILE IN ANALYZING GROWTH, WELLBEING AND POVERTY: INDICES OF SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT & APPLICATION TO AFRICA Arjan de Haan, IDRC Roberto Foa, Harvard University WIDER conference Inclusive Growth in

More information

THE SOCIAL PROGRESS PARADIGM SHIFT. Prof. Michael E. Porter Skoll World Forum Oxford 15 TH April, 2015

THE SOCIAL PROGRESS PARADIGM SHIFT. Prof. Michael E. Porter Skoll World Forum Oxford 15 TH April, 2015 THE SOCIAL PROGRESS PARADIGM SHIFT Prof. Michael E. Porter Skoll World Forum Oxford 15 TH April, 2015 THE DUAL CHALLENGES OF DEVELOPMENT: INCLUSIVE GROWTH Economic Development GDP per capita UNTIL NOW,

More information

Geneva, 7 September 1956

Geneva, 7 September 1956 . 4. SUPPLEMENTARY CONVENTION ON THE ABOLITION OF SLAVERY, THE SLAVE TRADE, AND INSTITUTIONS AND PRACTICES SIMILAR TO SLAVERY Geneva, 7 September 1956. ENTRY INTO FORCE 30 April 1957, in accordance with

More information

IQ world rank by country and which are the smartest nations

IQ world rank by country and which are the smartest nations IQ world rank by country and which are the smartest nations Author : admin In a home conversation with my wife who is Belarusian and comparison between Bulgarian and Belarusian nation, the interesting

More information

Standard Virgin Mobile Rates

Standard Virgin Mobile Rates Standard Virgin Mobile National Out of Bundle * National Landlines National Mobiles National Texts Data per MB Calls to Virgin Media Customer Care (1908) Voicemail 10c per text 1c per MB International

More information

Trademarks FIGURE 8 FIGURE 9. Highlights. Figure 8 Trademark applications worldwide. Figure 9 Trademark application class counts worldwide

Trademarks FIGURE 8 FIGURE 9. Highlights. Figure 8 Trademark applications worldwide. Figure 9 Trademark application class counts worldwide Trademarks Highlights Applications grew by 16.4% in 2016 An estimated 7 million trademark applications were filed worldwide in 2016, 16.4% more than in 2015 (figure 8). This marks the seventh consecutive

More information

SPANISH FRANCHISE IN THE WORLD

SPANISH FRANCHISE IN THE WORLD THE AEF S STATISTICAL SERVICE REPORT 2017 SPANISH FRANCHISE IN THE WORLD National Statistics GRUPO COOPERATIVO CAJAMAR AEF SPANISH ASSOCIATION OF FRANCHISERS 1 REDFRANQUICIA FRANCHISE NETWORK SPECIALIZED

More information