1 America: Pathways to the Present Chapter 26 The Cold War ( ) Copyright 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey. All rights reserved.
2 America: Pathways to the Present Chapter 26: The Cold War ( ) Section 1: Origins of the Cold War Section 2: The Cold War Heats Up Section 3: The Korean War Section 4: The Continuing Cold War Copyright 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey. All rights reserved.
3 Origins of the Cold War Chapter 26, Section 1 Why was 1945 a critical year in United States foreign relations? What were the postwar goals of the United States and the Soviet Union? How did the iron curtain tighten the Soviet Union s hold over Eastern Europe? How did the Truman Doctrine complement the policy of containment?
4 1945 A Critical Year Chapter 26, Section 1 As the end of World War II approached, relations between the Communist Soviet Union and its wartime allies, the United States and Great Britain, grew increasingly tense. At a meeting at Yalta in February, Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin agreed on the postwar division of Germany but disagreed on the future of Poland. In April, representatives of 50 countries, including the United States, adopted the charter for the United Nations, an organization dedicated to cooperation in solving international problems. On April 12, Roosevelt died unexpectedly, making Vice President Truman the new President. Truman continued Roosevelt s negotiations with Stalin at the Potsdam Conference in July.
5 Conflicting Postwar Goals American and Soviet Goals Chapter 26, Section 1 American Goals Wanted conquered European nations to experience the democracy and economic opportunity that the United States had fought for during the war Wanted to develop strong capitalist economies, which would provide good markets for American products Soviet Goals Wanted to rebuild Europe in ways that would help the Soviet Union recover from the huge losses it suffered during the war Wanted to establish Soviet satellite nations, countries subject to Soviet domination and sympathetic to Soviet goals Wanted to promote the spread of communism throughout the world
6 Soviets Tighten Their Hold Chapter 26, Section 1 Communist Expansion in Eastern Europe Albania and Bulgaria: Communists secure control by silencing opposition in Albania; Soviet troops seize Bulgaria. Czechoslovakia: Although it desperately tried to remain democratic, Czechoslovakia became a Soviet satellite nation in Hungary and Romania: By arresting anti-communist leaders in Hungary and forcing the appointment of a Communist prime minister in Romania, Communists achieved power in both nations. East Germany: To make sure Germany could not threaten his nation again, Stalin established a totalitarian government, naming the state the German Democratic Republic. Finland and Yugoslavia: Both countries maintained their independence from Soviet control Finland, by signing a treaty of cooperation, and Yugoslavia, by following the leadership of Tito.
7 The Iron Curtain Chapter 26, Section 1 Churchill coined the phrase iron curtain to describe the geographic and political divisions between Communist and capitalist nations in Europe.
8 Containment and the Truman Doctrine Chapter 26, Section 1 The competition between the United States and the Soviet Union for world influence came to be known as the Cold War. The American policy of containment accepted the fact that Eastern Europe was under Communist control, but sought to prevent Communist governments from forming elsewhere in the world. The Truman Doctrine, which applied the principles of containment, stated that the United States would support free peoples who resist attempted conquest. The Truman Doctrine was first applied in the cases of Greece and Turkey.
9 Origins of the Cold War Assessment Chapter 26, Section 1 Which of these choices best describes the primary goal of the United States for postwar Europe? (A) Protect the Soviet Union from future invasion (B) Build economically strong democracies (C) Add more members to the United Nations (D) Ensure further cooperation with Stalin Which of these events directly inspired the Truman Doctrine? (A) Soviet threats in Greece and Turkey (B) The division of Germany into four zones (C) The arrest of anti-communist leaders in Hungary (D) Churchill s iron curtain speech Want to link to the Pathways Internet activity for this chapter? Click here!
10 Origins of the Cold War Assessment Chapter 26, Section 1 Which of these choices best describes the primary goal of the United States for postwar Europe? (A) Protect the Soviet Union from future invasion (B) Build economically strong democracies (C) Add more members to the United Nations (D) Ensure further cooperation with Stalin Which of these events directly inspired the Truman Doctrine? (A) Soviet threats in Greece and Turkey (B) The division of Germany into four zones (C) The arrest of anti-communist leaders in Hungary (D) Churchill s iron curtain speech Want to link to the Pathways Internet activity for this chapter? Click here!
11 The Cold War Heats Up Chapter 26, Section 2 How did the Marshall Plan, the Berlin airlift, and NATO help to achieve American goals in postwar Europe? How did Communist advances affect American foreign policy? How did the Cold War affect American life at home?
12 The Marshall Plan Chapter 26, Section 2 The United States wanted to help European nations recover from the war and become economically strong democracies. It also wanted to prevent Communists from continuing to gain power in Europe. The Marshall Plan was created in 1947 by U.S. Secretary of State George C. Marshall as a means to achieve these goals. According to the Marshall Plan, participating nations would design recovery programs and would receive financial aid from the United States. Seventeen Western European nations joined the plan, receiving a total of $13 billion in aid.
13 The Berlin Airlift Chapter 26, Section 2 As part of the postwar division of Germany, the city of Berlin, located in Communist East Germany, was divided into West Berlin (capitalist) and East Berlin (Communist). In June 1948, Stalin banned all shipments to West Berlin through East Germany, creating a blockade which threatened to cut off supplies to the city. In response, Allied nations began the Berlin airlift, which delivered thousands of tons of food and other supplies to West Berlin via air. Although the Soviet blockade ended in May 1949, Berlin remained a focal point of Cold War conflict.
14 NATO Chapter 26, Section 2 Why create a treaty organization? Soviet vetoes prevented the United Nations from resolving a number of postwar problems. The United States sought to avoid the problems of post World War I isolationism. The United States did not want to be the only nation in the Western Hemisphere committed to fighting communism. A Canadian role in the treaty organization would be vital. What was NATO? The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was formed in April In joining NATO, the United States, Canada, and ten Western European nations pledged to support one another against attack, a principle known as collective security. In response, the Soviet Union created the Warsaw Pact, a military alliance between the Soviet Union and its satellite nations.
15 Communist Advances Chapter 26, Section 2 The Soviet Atomic Threat In September 1949, Truman announced that the Soviet Union had successfully tested an atomic bomb. In response, the United States began developing the even more powerful hydrogen bomb, reestablishing itself as the world s leading nuclear power. The newly formed Federal Civil Defense Administration distributed information on how to survive a nuclear attack; this information was ridiculed by experts. China Falls to the Communists During World War II, competing factions in China had cooperated, but fighting between them resumed towards the end of the war. At first, the United States supported Nationalist leader Jiang Jieshi against Communist Mao Zedong. However, the United States later decided to focus on Western Europe instead. Many Americans viewed Mao Zedong s creation of a Communist state in China as a failure of Truman s policies.
16 The Cold War at Home Chapter 26, Section 2 During the late 1940s, fear of Communist spies created a climate of suspicion in the United States. Truman established a federal employee loyalty program in 1947, checking the backgrounds of all new and existing federal employees. The House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) began investigating Hollywood personalities who the committee claimed, had Communist leanings. When one group, known as the Hollywood Ten, refused to answer HUAC s questions, they were cited for contempt of Congress and imprisoned. Hollywood studios compiled a blacklist, a list circulated to employers naming persons who should not be hired. Blacklisted individuals came from all sections of the industry and included anyone who seemed subversive.
17 The Cold War at Home Chapter 26, Section 2 Fueled by fears of disloyal immigrants from Communist countries, the 1952 McCarran-Walter Act reestablished the immigration quota system from This act discriminated against potential immigrants from Asia and Southern and Central Europe. Two famous spy cases reinforced fears that Soviet spies in the United States were sharing American secrets with foreign Communists. These were the cases of Alger Hiss and of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg.
18 The Cold War Heats Up Assessment Chapter 26, Section 2 Which of these phrases best describes NATO? (A) (B) (C) (D) A collective security pact between the United States, Canada, and Western European nations A military alliance between the USSR and its satellite nations A U.S.-sponsored program for postwar recovery A regional group within the United Nations Which of these was a result of HUAC s investigation of the movie industry? (A) (B) (C) (D) Hollywood approved many scripts that dealt with controversial social problems. Many Hollywood personalities were blacklisted. The McCarran-Walter Act was passed. Pro-Soviet movies became popular. Want to link to the Pathways Internet activity for this chapter? Click here!
19 The Cold War Heats Up Assessment Chapter 26, Section 2 Which of these phrases best describes NATO? (A) (B) (C) (D) A collective security pact between the United States, Canada, and Western European nations A military alliance between the USSR and its satellite nations A U.S.-sponsored program for postwar recovery A regional group within the United Nations Which of these was a result of HUAC s investigation of the movie industry? (A) (B) (C) (D) Hollywood approved many scripts that dealt with controversial social problems. Many Hollywood personalities were blacklisted. The McCarran-Walter Act was passed. Pro-Soviet movies became popular. Want to link to the Pathways Internet activity for this chapter? Click here!
20 The Korean War Chapter 26, Section 3 How did Communist expansion in Asia set the stage for the Korean War? Who fought in the Korean War, and what were the three stages of the war? What were the effects of the Korean War?
21 Communist Expansion in Asia Chapter 26, Section 3 The Chinese Civil War Civil war began in the mid-1920s and intensified after World War II. Mao Zedong won support for the Communists by redistributing land and offering schooling and healthcare. Jiang Jieshi s Nationalist Party lost support because of harsh treatment of the population, high taxes, and corruption. When the Communists took power in 1949, the Nationalists fled to Taiwan. The Division of Korea World War II ended before a plan could be made for Korean independence from Japan. Korea was temporarily divided at the thirty-eighth parallel, the latitude line running through approximately the midpoint of the peninsula. A pro-american government formed in South Korea, while a Communist government formed in North Korea.
22 The Korean Conflict Chapter 26, Section 3 In June 1950, the Korean War broke out when North Korean troops invaded South Korea, aiming to reunite the nation by force. A UN resolution, which passed because the Soviets were not there to veto it, called on member states to defend South Korea and restore peace. Roughly 80 percent of the troops who served in the resulting UN police action were American. By attacking North Korean supply lines, General Douglas MacArthur was able to gain an advantage and push north. However, a stalemate developed after China helped the North Koreans push the UN forces back into South Korea. A truce signed in 1953 left Korea again divided near the thirty eighth parallel.
23 The Effects of the Korean War Chapter 26, Section 3 Post-Korean War Changes in America Warfare Limited war, limited victory Integration of the Military First war in which white Americans and African Americans served in the same units Increased Power of the Military A military-industrial complex developed as the military established links with the corporate and scientific communities. Foreign Policy in Asia September 1951 peace treaty signed with Japan; relations worsen with Communist China
24 The Korean War Assessment Chapter 26, Section 3 What was the significance of the thirty-eighth parallel? (A) It formed Korea s border with China. (B) It was the place to which Chinese Nationalists fled. (C) It divided Korea into two halves, North and South. (D) It was the location of Korean War peace talks. Why did the United Nations send troops to Korea? (A) To support South Korea and restore peace (B) To install a Communist government in South Korea (C) To help China defend its border (D) To put an end to Japanese rule of Korea Want to link to the Pathways Internet activity for this chapter? Click here!
25 The Korean War Assessment Chapter 26, Section 3 What was the significance of the thirty-eighth parallel? (A) It formed Korea s border with China. (B) It was the place to which Chinese Nationalists fled. (C) It divided Korea into two halves, North and South. (D) It was the location of Korean War peace talks. Why did the United Nations send troops to Korea? (A) To support South Korea and restore peace (B) To install a Communist government in South Korea (C) To help China defend its border (D) To put an end to Japanese rule of Korea Want to link to the Pathways Internet activity for this chapter? Click here!
26 The Continuing Cold War Chapter 26, Section 4 What were the characteristics of the McCarthy era? How was the Cold War waged in Southeast Asia, the Middle East, and Latin America during the 1950s? How did the arms race develop?
27 The McCarthy Era Chapter 26, Section 4 McCarthy s Rise to Power Wisconsin Senator Joseph McCarthy, up for reelection raised the specter of Communist conspiracies within the United States. McCarthy produced a list of 250 names of presumed Communistsupporting government employees. Later, when scrutinized, this list was reduced to 57. Although McCarthy s accusations were usually baseless and unprovable, few were willing to risk their reputations by speaking out against him. McCarthy s Fall In early 1954, McCarthyism, the name given to McCarthy s crusade, reached the army. Democrats asked that the hearings between McCarthy and the army be televised, hoping to swing popular opinion against McCarthy. By mid-june 1954, McCarthy had lost even his strongest supporters. The Senate formally condemned him for his actions.
28 The Cold War in the 1950s Chapter 26, Section 4 United States involvement around the world, Eastern Europe Wary of war with the Soviets, America did not support uprisings in East Germany, Poland, and Hungary. Southeast Asia Korean War ends; former French colony of Vietnam is divided into Communist North and anti- Communist South. Middle East United States supports Israel, backs groups that restore a pro-american Shah in Iran; the Suez Crisis in Egypt erupts. Latin America Organization of American States (OAS) is created; American aid helps anti-communist leaders gain and retain power.
29 The Arms Race Chapter 26, Section 4 Throughout the 1950s, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in an arms race, a struggle to gain weapons superiority. Deterrence, the policy of maintaining a military arsenal so strong that no enemy will attack for fear of retaliation, resulted in the escalating development of powerful nuclear weapons. The American policy of brinkmanship involved bringing the United States to the brink of war without actually entering into war.
30 The Arms Race in the Skies Chapter 26, Section 4 To carry bombs to their targets, the Soviet Union developed long-range rockets known as intercontinental ballistic missiles, or ICBMs. In 1957, one of these rockets was used to launch the Soviet satellite Sputnik, the first artificial satellite to orbit Earth. When a Soviet guided missile shot down an American U-2 spy plane, the resulting U-2 incident shattered American confidence and prompted a desire to match and surpass Soviet weapons technology.
31 The Continuing Cold War Assessment Chapter 26, Section 4 Why did the United States choose not to support uprisings in Eastern Europe? (A) (B) (C) (D) It appeared that these uprisings would succeed on their own. The Soviet Union supported the uprisings. Senator McCarthy was against such support. Eisenhower felt that doing so would risk war with the Soviets. What was the significance of the U-2 incident? (A) (B) (C) (D) It motivated the United States to increase the technological development of its military. It provided the first test of Soviet ICBMs. It led to the development of the hydrogen bomb. It began the Cold War. Want to link to the Pathways Internet activity for this chapter? Click here!
32 The Continuing Cold War Assessment Chapter 26, Section 4 Why did the United States choose not to support uprisings in Eastern Europe? (A) (B) (C) (D) It appeared that these uprisings would succeed on their own. The Soviet Union supported the uprisings. Senator McCarthy was against such support. Eisenhower felt that doing so would risk war with the Soviets. What was the significance of the U-2 incident? (A) (B) (C) (D) It motivated the United States to increase the technological development of its military. It provided the first test of Soviet ICBMs. It led to the development of the hydrogen bomb. It began the Cold War. Want to link to the Pathways Internet activity for this chapter? Click here!
Journal # 11 04/30/15 Objective: Students will utilize various resources to identify, compare/contrast, and evaluate the origins, development and effects of the Cold War. Agenda: Journal Cold War PPT Guided
The Americans (Survey) Chapter 26: TELESCOPING THE TIMES Cold War Conflicts CHAPTER OVERVIEW After World War II, tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union lead to a war without direct military
The Cold War Chap. 18, 19 Cold War 1945-1991 Political and economic conflict between U.S. and USSR Not fought on battlefield U.S. Vs. USSR Democracy- free elections private ownership Free market former
Chapter 18: Cold War Conflicts Section 1: Origins of the Cold War United Nations Satellite Nation Containment Iron Curtain Cold War Truman Doctrine Marshall Plan Berlin Airlift North Atlantic Treaty Organization
U.S vs. U.S.S.R. ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR After being Allies during WWII, the U.S. and U.S.S.R. soon viewed each other with increasing suspicion Their political differences created a climate of icy tension
OBJECTIVES: Identify and explain how the United States and the USSR differed in their post-war goals. Explain what helped achieve American goals in postwar Europe. Explain Communist advances on American
Chapter 17 Lesson 1: Two Superpowers Face Off Essential Question: Why did tension between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R increase after WWII? Post WWII Big Three meet in Yalta Divide Germany into 4 zones (U.S.,
The Cold War Origins - Korean War What is a Cold War? WW II left two nations of almost equal strength but differing goals Cold War A struggle over political differences carried on by means short of direct
Chapter 26 US and USSR on same side in WW II Not by choice Common enemy Cold War 1946 1991 Feb. 1945 FDR, Churchill, Stalin Postwar issues divide Germany free elections April 1945 50 nations met UN Charter
Early Cold War 1945-1972 Capitalism vs. Communism Capitalism Communism Free-Market Economy Upper, Middle and Working Class North Atlantic Treaty Organization Government Controlled Economy Classless Society
Restructuring the Postwar World, 1945 Present Map Activity Define the following on a separate sheet of paper: Cold War, Brinkmanship, Détente, Containment, Communism, Capitalism, Democracy, Command Economy,
THE COLD WAR Part One Teachers Notes by Paul Latham Notes also available on DVD disc as either a Word document or PDF file. Also available on the website. 1 2 The Cold War (Part 1) Teachers Notes ORIGINS
Chapter 17-1 Two Superpowers Face Off Former Allies Diverge The Soviet Union Corrals Eastern Europe United States Counters Soviet Expansion The Cold War and a Divided World Former Allies Diverge Before
COLD WAR ORIGINS U.S vs. U.S.S.R. Democ./Cap vs Comm. Section One: Objectives By the end, I will be able to: 1. Explain the breakdown in relations between the United States and the Soviet Union after World
Cold War Conflicts The Cold War and the danger of nuclear war define international affairs, especially after the Korean War. Fear of communism in the U.S. leads to accusations against innocent citizens.
America after WWII The 1946 through the 1950 s The United Nations In 1944 President Roosevelt began to think about what the world would be like after WWII He especially wanted to be sure that there would
Chapter 17-1 Two Superpowers Face Off I) Former Allies Diverge II) The Soviet Union Corrals Eastern Europe III) United States Counters Soviet Expansion IV) The Cold War and a Divided World I) Former Allies
VS. THE COLD WAR BEGINS 1945-1960 GEORGIA STANDARDS SSUSH20 The student will analyze the domestic and international impact of the Cold War on the United States. a. Describe the creation of the Marshall
The Americans: Reconstruction to the 21 st Century Chapter 18 Chapter 18 - Cold War Conflicts Main Idea: The Cold War and the danger of nuclear war define international affairs, especially after the Korean
The Cold War The free peoples of the world look to us for support in maintaining their freedoms. If we falter in our leadership, we may endanger the peace of the world. Harry S. Truman, March 12 th, 1947
Europe and North America Section 1 Europe and North America Section 1 Click the icon to play Listen to History audio. Click the icon below to connect to the Interactive Maps. Europe and North America Section
COLD WAR 1945-1991 1. The Soviet Union drove the Germans back across Eastern Europe. 2. They occupied several countries along it s western border and considered them a necessary buffer or wall of protection
The Cold War 1945-1990 Part I (1945-1960) US vs. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Democracy vs. Communism Capitalism vs. Socialism Ideas/Questions What was the cold war? Are we still seeing its echoes
STAAR Review 10 The Cold War Although the U.S.A. and the Soviet Union were allies during World War II, these two Superpowers soon became rivals during the Cold War. It was called a Cold War because they
Cold War VS Communism Soviet Union government State (government) controls everything Opposite of democracy and capitalism (USA) United Nations (UN) Started with 50 member countries Created to promote peace
EOC Test Preparation: The Cold War Era Conflict in Europe Following WWII, tensions were running high between western Allies and USSR US and Great Britain: Allies should not occupy territories they conquered
Chapter 26 Class Notes C26-1 CN I. A Clash of Interests (pages 778 779) A. After World War II, the United States and the Soviet Union became increasingly hostile, leading to an era of confrontation and
Cold War Conflicts Chapter 26 Former Allies Clash After World War II the US and the Soviets had very different goals for the future. Under Soviet communism the state controlled all property and economic
Cold War (1945-1991- conflict, with no fighting, between USA/Democracy and Soviet Union/Russia/ Communism 1) Define the Cold War and identify one reasons why the two nations mistrusted each other. 2) Analyze
THE EARLY COLD WAR YEARS US HISTORY Chapter 15 Section 2 THE EARLY COLD WAR YEARS CONTAINING COMMUNISM MAIN IDEA The Truman Doctrine offered aid to any nation resisting communism; The Marshal Plan aided
The Cold War Begins: 1946-1953 CHAPTER 39 OBJECTIVES Describe the economic transformation of the immediate post-wwii era. Explain the changes in the American population structure brought about the baby
APUSH CH 36 Lecture Name: Hour: Chapter 36: The Cold War Begins, 1945-1952 I. Post-World War II Era A. Post-war Economy 1. Cutbacks in the production of war supplies caused layoffs and high unemployment
1. The Americans become increasingly impatient with the Soviets. 2. The State Department asked the American Embassy in Moscow to explain Soviet behavior. 3. On February 22, 1946, George Kennan an American
Today we will identify and examine the legislation, policies and events that begin the rivalry known as the Cold War Thought for the day: Courage is what it takes to stand up and speak; courage is also
WINNING the WAR / PLANNING the PEACE The Allies: US, England, USSR, and China Feb 1945 Yalta Conference: US-USSR-England GERMANY must agree to UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER Germany will be divided into 4 parts
Beginnings of the Cold War Chapter 15 Section 1 Problems of Peace At the end of World War II, Germany was in ruins and had no government. Much of Europe was also in ruins. Problems of Peace Occupied Germany
Name: Period: Unit 13: Post War America: The Beginning of the Cold War and the 1950 s Chapters 22 and 23 Pages 760-816 Homework: 1- Vocabulary due on 2-3- Castle Learning due and Test on Essential Questions:
Cold War Unit EQ: How did social, economic, and political events influence the US during the Cold War era? Yalta Conference The Yalta Conference was held towards the end of World War II. During this time
Happy Thursday! Warm-Up 3/29/18 Please have your essays out and ready to turn in; I will pick them up after the warm-up. In your journal, please WRITE and ANSWER the following question: Why was it so imperative
Unit 7: The Cold War Standard 7-5 Goal: The student will demonstrate an understanding of international developments during the Cold War era. Vocabulary 7-5.1 OCCUPIED 7-5.2 UNITED NATIONS NORTH ATLANTIC
Chapter 28, Section 1: The Cold War Begins Main Idea: After WWII, distrust between the US & USSR led to the Cold War. The Cold War [1945-1991]: An Ideological Struggle US & the Western Democracies GOAL
Chapter 25 Cold War America, 1945-1963 APUSH Mr. Muller Aim: How does the U.S. and U.S.S.R. go from allies to rivals? Do Now: Communism holds that the world is so deeply divided into opposing classes that
1 2 3 4 Cold War America 1945-1960 Truman & The Cold War 1945-1953 Cold War 1945-1991 A period of time in which the U.S. & USSR experienced high tension and bitter rivalry Roots of the Cold War Philosophical
What Challenges Did President Truman Face at Home in the Postwar Years? LESSON 2 SECTION 29.2 Text pp. 527 531 Read What Challenges Did President Truman Face at Home in the Postwar Years? (pp. 527-531).
The Cold War Begins After WWII After WWII the US and the USSR emerged as the world s two. Although allies during WWII distrust between the communist USSR and the democratic US led to the. Cold War tension
Fighting the Cold War at Home During the Great Depression, communism had attracted some American supporters. Favored the ideal that poverty would fade away under Communism. By 1950, there were only 43,000
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 The Cold War 1945-1960 The war that wasn t really a war at all. The American Presidents Part 1- The Origins Review: The Yalta Conference February 1945 Players: FDR/Churchill/Stalin USSR pledges
Cold War: Super Powers Face Off ALLIES BECOME ENEMIES What caused the Cold War? The United States and the Soviet Union were allies during World War II. In February 1945, they agreed to divide Germany into
The Cold War TOWARD A GLOBAL COMMUNITY (1900 PRESENT) Throughout WWII the U.S. and the Soviet Union began to view each other with increasing suspicion. He s a commie, and once made an alliance with Hitler...
Cold War: Superpowers Face Off ALLIES BECOME ENEMIES What caused the Cold War? The United States and the Soviet Union were allies during World War II. In February 1945, they agreed to divide Germany into
Chapter 37: The Cold War Begins 1945-1952 As you read, take notes using this guide. The most significant names/terms are highlighted. Unit Introduction (pp. 856 857) The authors here summarize the formative
Name Date Period Chapter 27 Results of World War II Crossword Workbook 107 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Across 1) country that became a superpower after World War II 3) these people were killed
Ch 25-1 The Iron Curtain Falls on Europe The Main Idea WWIII??? At the end of World War II, tensions between the Soviet Union and the United States deepened, leading to an era known as the Cold War. Cold
Guided Reading Activity 27-1 DIRECTIONS: Recalling the Facts Use the information in your textbook to answer the questions. Use another sheet of paper if necessary. 1. Who were the Big Three leaders? 2.
OUTLINE 8-1: TRUMAN AND THE COLD WAR, 1945-1952 The United States responded to an uncertain and unstable postwar world by asserting and working to maintain a position of global leadership, with far-reaching
The Atomic Age: Truman & Eisenhower Post-war Confidence and Anxiety 1945-1960 The International Impact of the Cold War Origins of the Cold War US President Harry Truman and Soviet Union dictator Joseph
Cold War 1945-1989 Germany Divided into 4 zones of occupation; Berlin also divided Japan Occupied by U.S. troops Demilitarized Industries re-built with modern machinery Divided into 2 zones of occupation
The Cold War 1945-1991 US vs. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Democracy vs. Communism Capitalism vs. Socialism US/USSR Relationship during WWII 1939: Stalin (USSR) makes a deal with Hitler (Germany).
APUSH 1945-1952 POST WW2, TRUMAN ADMINISTRATION THE COLD WAR BEGINS REVIEWED! American Pageant (Kennedy) Chapter 36 American History (Brinkley) Chapter 27 America s History (Henretta) Chapter 25-26 Fear
Origins of the Cold War A Chilly Power Point Presentation Brought to You by Mr. Raffel What was the Cold War? The Cold War was the bitter state of indirect conflict that existed between the U.S. and the
The Cold War Cold War What is it? Why does it develop? What does it take to win? How is it fought? What are the consequences? Cold War What is it? Conflict, tension U.S. & allies mostly in western Europe
Unit 1: Cold War Introduction U.S. History Learning Target Track Sheet Big Idea Question: What impact did the Cold War have on American Foreign Policy and life at home? Date Learning Target for the Day
1. What was the goal of the Marshall Plan? A. to provide aid to European countries damaged by World War II B. to protect member nations against Soviet Union aggression C. to protect the United States economically
Origins and Consequences Standards SS5H7 The student will discuss the origins and consequences of the Cold War. a. Explain the origin and meaning of the term Iron Curtain. b. Explain how the United States
THE COLD WAR Learning Goal 1: Describe the causes and effects of the Cold War and explain how the Korean War, Vietnam War and the arms race were associated with the Cold War. RESULTS OF WWII RESULTS VE
CHAPTER TWENTY-FOUR: A DIVIDED WORLD: THE EARLY COLD WAR, 1945 1963 READING AND STUDY GUIDE I. Origins of the Cold War A. Differing Goals in the Postwar World B. The American Vision Takes Shape: Kennan
The Hot Days of the Cold War Brian Frydenborg History 321, Soviet Russia 3/18/02 On my honor, I have neither given nor received any unacknowledged aid on this paper. The origins of the cold war up to 1953
Cold War Begins Chapter 36 Postwar Economic Anxieties Significant fear that US would return to Depression following War Saved money during WWII, now wanted to spend Caused inflation Not enough supply Strikes
Unit 6 World War II & Aftermath Following WWI and the Gr. Depr US wanted to stay out of world affairs Needed to rebuild economy Pursued policies of: isolationism neutrality Neutrality Taking no side in
PPT: Post WWII Tensions WWII ends Cold War begins USSR collapses Cold War ends 1945 1991 The Cold War: The U.S. and USSR never directly declare war on each other, but fight by other means and through other
Ch 25-1 The Iron Curtain Falls on Europe The Main Idea WWIII??? At the end of World War II, tensions between the Soviet Union and the United States deepened, leading to an era known as the Cold War. Cold
DURING WWII THE US AND THE SOVIET UNION HAD JOINED FORCES AGAINST THE GERMANS BUT AFTER THE WAR, THEIR COMPETING POLITICAL PHILOSOPHIES WOULD LEAD TO NEARLY A HALF-CENTURY OF CONFLICT CALLED THE COLD WAR.
Standard 7.0 Demonstrate an understanding of the impact of World War II on the US and the nation s subsequent role in the world. Opening: Finish pages 259-262 in Reading Study Guide and turn them in. Work
THE Write 3 words you think of when you hear Cold War? COLD WAR (1948-1989) ORIGINS of the Cold War: (1945-1948) Tension or rivalry but NO FIGHTING between the United States and the Soviet Union This rivalry
U.S.S.R. 21 million China 10 million Poland 6 million Yugoslavia 1.7 million France 600,000 U.S. 500,000 Czechoslovakia 415,000 Britain 400,000 Germany Japan 4.2 Million 2.4 Million Romania 460,000 Italy
Name Date Period Chapter 16 Unit Test Multiple Choice (2pts each) 1. Which one of the following doctrines promised to aid nations struggling against communist movement? a. Monroe Doctrine b. Eisenhower
CHAPTER 25 Cold War America 1945 1963 A. Origins of the Cold War 1. Yalta -Big Three (Churchill, FDR, Stalin) met in Feb. 1945, to create a United Nations (the three plus France and China) holding permanent
Origins of the Cold War A Difference In Opinion 1945 was the beginning of a long period of distrust & misunderstanding between the Soviet Union and its former allies in the West (particularly the US) Soviet
The Cold War Begins The United Nations Chartered in April 1945 Replaced the League of Nations as a mediator for international disputes 50 nations joined initially (today, UN has 192 members) In the General
World History Chapter 23 Page 601-632 Reading Outline The Cold War Era: Iron Curtain: a phrased coined by Winston Churchill at the end of World War I when her foresaw of the impending danger Russia would
THE COLD WAR (1948-1989) ORIGINS of the Cold War: (1945-1948) Tension or rivalry but NO FIGHTING between the United States and the Soviet Union This rivalry divided the world into two teams (capitalism