APPENDIX 1: MEASURES OF CAPITALISM AND POLITICAL FREEDOM

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1 1 APPENDIX 1: MEASURES OF CAPITALISM AND POLITICAL FREEDOM All indicators shown below were transformed into series with a zero mean and a standard deviation of one before they were combined. The summary measures were also transformed in a similar manner. The correlation matrices calculated from the adjusted coefficients of determination are reported below. Appendix Table A1: Matrices of Correlation Coefficients A. Substantial and legally protected private ownership of the means of production Correlation matrix Private investment as a share of total investmt Rule of law Judicial independence Impartial courts Protection of intellectual property Law and order Legal enforcement of contracts Judicial indicators combined All indicators combined Sources and methods 1. Gwartney et al. (2007), series 1C: an average of values for 1995, 2000, and 2005 for one minus the share of government enterprises and government in total investment. 2. Kaufmann et al.(2007): an average of values for and 2000 through The two earlier values are given double weight. 3. Gwartney et al. (2007), series 2A: an average of values for 1995, 2000, and Ibid., series 2B: an average of values for 1995, 2000, and Ibid., series 2C: an average of values for 1995, 2000, and Ibid., series 2E: an average of values for 1995, 2000, and Ibid., series 2F: an average of values for 1995, 2000, and Indicators 2 through 7 combined, giving equal weight to all 9. The summary measure gives equal weight to the ownership (indicator 1) and the indicators for legal protection of private property (indicator 8). B. Competitive markets Correlation matrix Business freedom Price controls Competition in domestic banking Collective bargaining at central level All indicators combined

2 Sources and methods: 1. Heritage Foundation (2008): an average for 1995, 2000, and See also Beach and Kane 2. Gwartney et al. (2007), series 5Ci: an average of values for 1995, 2000, and Ibid., series 5Aii: an average of values for 1995, 2000, and Ibid., series 5Biii: an average of values for 1995, 2000, and An average with all indicators given equal weight. C. Economic freedom Correlation matrix Lack of interest rate regulation Trade freedom Investment freedom Financial freedom Labor freedom All indicators combined Sources and methods: 1. Gwartney et al. (2007), series 5Aiv: an average of values for 1995, 2000, and Heritage Foundation (2008): an average for 1995, 2000, and See also Beach and Kane 3. Heritage Foundation (2008): an average for 1995, 2000, and See also Beach and Kane 4. Heritage Foundation (2008): an average for 1995, 2000, and See also Beach and Kane 5. Heritage Foundation (2008): an average for 1995, 2000, and See also Beach and Kane 6. All indicators combined with equal weight. D. Political freedom Correlation matrix Democracy and autocracy measure Popular voice in, and accountability of government Political liberties Civil rights Combined, all indicators

3 Sources and methods: 1. Marshall and Jagers (2005): polity2 variable which combines democracy and autocracy measures; this is an average of values from 1995 through Kaufmann et al. (2007): an average of values of and 2000 through The two earlier values are given double weight. 3. Freedom House (2008): an average of values from 1995 through Ibid: an average of values from 1995 through All indicators combined with equal weights. 3 E. The Three Elements of Capitalism Correlation matrix Property, protection and relative extent Competitive markets Economic freedom Degree of capitalism

4 4 Appendix Table A2: Basic Data Capitalism Political score, freedom, Per capita GDP, dollars Albania $1,980 Algeria ,757 Argentina ,421 Armenia ,031 Australia ,241 Austria ,251 Azerbaijan ,473 Belgium ,511 Bolivia ,267 Bosnia-Herzegovina ,635 Botswana ,242 Brazil ,944 Bulgaria ,146 Canada ,548 Chile ,255 China ,130 Colombia ,968 Costa Rica ,961 Croatia ,627 Czech Republic ,078 Denmark ,968 Dominican Republic ,533 Ecuador ,009 Egypt ,428 El Salvador ,268 Estonia ,958 Finland ,597 France ,196 Gabon ,763 Georgia ,256 Germany ,564 Greece ,077 Guatemala ,085 Honduras ,921 Hungary ,773

5 5 Capitalism Political score, freedom, Per capita GDP, dollars Indonesia ,814 Iran ,793 Ireland ,360 Israel ,433 Italy ,536 Jamaica ,650 Japan ,317 Jordan ,814 Kazakhstan ,032 Korea, South ,828 Kuwait ,838 Kyrgyzstan ,762 Latvia ,976 Lithuania ,695 Macedonia ,386 Malaysia ,776 Mauritius ,828 Mexico ,330 Moldova ,147 Morocco ,600 Namibia ,440 Netherlands ,700 New Zealand ,910 Norway ,520 Oman ,820 Pakistan ,702 Panama ,987 Paraguay ,270 Peru ,009 Philippines ,160 Poland ,993 Portugal ,150 Romania ,034 Russia ,432 Serbia & Montenegro ,473

6 6 Capitalism Political score, freedom, Per capita GDP, dollars Singapore ,025 Slovakia ,524 Slovenia ,666 South Africa ,791 Spain ,264 Sri Lanka ,648 Sweden ,156 Switzerland ,643 Syria ,266 Taiwan ,137 Thailand ,327 Trinidad & Tobago ,621 Tunisia ,523 Turkey ,591 Ukraine ,785 United Arab Emirates ,855 United Kingdom ,430 United States ,352 Uruguay ,987 Venezuela ,882

7 7 BIBLIOGRAPHY TO APPENDIX Freedom House Freedom in the World. < Gwartney, James, Robert Lawson, Russell S. Sobel, and Peter T. Leeson Economic Freedom of the World: 2007 Annual Report.< Heritage Foundation Index of Economic Freedom. < Kaufmann, Daniel, Aart Kraay, and Massimo Mastruzzi ΑGovernance Matters VI: Aggregate and Individual Governance Indicators. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 4280 < Marshall, Monty G., and Keith Jaggers Polity IV Project: Political Regime Characteristics and Transitions, <

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